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Tin?)  importance  of  placing  in  book  form  biographical  histor)'  of  representative 
citizens — both  for  its  immediate  worth  and  for  its  value  to  coming  generations 
— is  admitted  by  all  thinking  people;  and  within  the  past  decade  there  has 
been  a  growing  interest  in  this  commendable  means  of  perpetuating  biography 
and  family  genealogy. 

That  the  public  is  entitled  to  the  privileges  afforded  by  a  work  of  this  nature 
needs  no  assertion  at  our  hands;  for  one  of  our  greatest  Americans  has  said  that  the 
history  of  any  country  resolves  itself  into  the  biographies  of  its  stout,  earnest  and 
representative  citizens.  This  medium,  then,  serves  more  than  a  single  purpose: 
while  it  perpetuates  biography  and  family  genealogy,  it  records  history,  much  of 
which  would  be  preserved  in  no  other  way. 

In  presenting  the  Commemorative  Biographical  Record  to  its  patrons,  the 
publishers  have  to  acknowledge,  with  gratitude,  the  encouragement  and  support  their 
enterprise  has  received,  and  the  willing  assistance  rendered  in  enabling  them  to  sur- 
mount the  many  unforeseen  obstacles  to  be  met  with  in  the  production  of  a  work  of 
this  character.  In  nearly  every  instance  the  material  composing  the  sketches  was 
gathered  from  those  inmiediately  interested,  and  then  submitted  in  type-written  form 
for  correction  and  revision.  The  volume,  which  is  one  of  generous  amplitude,  is 
placed  in  the  hands  of  the  public  with  the  belief  that  it  will  be  found  a  valuable  addi- 
tion to  the  library,  as  well  as  an  invaluable  contribution  to  the  historical  literature  of 
the  State  of  Ohio. 




ers of  men  in  all  afjes 
have  not  only  pos- 
sessed rare  natural 
and  acquired  abili- 
ties, but  in  almost 
every  instance  they 
have  been  launched 
into  the  stream  of  life  under  circum- 
stances peculiarly  favorable  for  their  de- 
velopment, and  have  had  to  pass  throuj^h 
severe  trials  aiul  discipline  preparatory 
to  their  life  work,  aptly  illiislratinf;  that 
"  There's  a  divinity  that  shapes  our  ends." 
or  "There  is  a  God  in  history.  " 

As  a  hi;,'hly  worthy  example  of  Ameri- 
can leaders  who  have  left  their  indelible 
impress  upon  the  pa^es  of  United  States 
history  we  present  the  subject  of  this 
sketch.  His  ancestn*',  his  natural  en- 
dowments, his  education,  his  environ- 
ment and  achievements,  both  in  civil  and 
military  life,  resembling  in  some  respects 
those  of  his  illustrious  cf)ntemporaries, 
Lincoln  and  (irant,  furnish  valuable  ob- 
ject lessons  to  young  Americans,  and  are 
eminently  worthy  of  a  place  in  the  local 
biographical  record  of  the  people  of  a  his- 
toric locality. 

The  ancestor  from  whom  arc  descend- 
ed the  Huckland  families  in  Sandusky 
county.  Ohio,  was  a  citizen  of  Hartford, 
Conn.,  in  Colonial  times,  and  was  of  En- 
glish descent.       His  son.  Stephen  Buck- 

land,  of  East  Hartford,  grandfather  of  our 
subject,  was  a  captain-lieutenant  in  Bige- 
low's  Artillery   Company,  raised   in   Con- 
necticut   during   the    Revolutionary    war. 
[  This  was  an   independent  company,   re- 
i  cruited  earlj-   in  1 776,  and   was  attached 
to  the  Northern  Department,  where  it  ap- 
pears to  have  been  accepted   as  a  Conti- 
nental company.      It  was  stationed  dur- 
ing the  summer  and   fall  at  Ticonderoga 
i  and    vicinity.        Stephen    Buckland    was 
comtnissioned    captain-lieutenant  of  this 
company  January  23,  1776,  and  was  pro- 
'  moted  November  9  to  Maj.  Steven's  Con- 
'  tinental   Artillery.       He  was  afterward  a 
!  captain  in  Col.  John  Crane's  Third  Regi- 
!  ment   of    Continental  Artillery,   commis- 
sioned January  1,  1777.  and  was  detached 
'  with   his  company    to  serve  with   (iates 
against  Burgoyne.      He  was  subsequently 
stationed  at    various  points,    and   was  at 
I'^armington    in    the    winter    of    1777   78. 
I  He  was  furloughed  by  Gen.  Washington 
for  five   weeks,  from  October   30.    1778. 
and    was  on  command    at  Fort  Arnold. 
West  Point,  in  1779.       He  afterward  be- 
came captain    of    a   privateer   which   was 
captured  on  the  second  day  of  April.  17S2. 
by  the  British  brig  •'  Perseverance,"  Ross, 
commander,    and    was    with    his    officers 
confined     in     the    "Old    Jersey"    prison 
ship,  where  he  died  on   the   7th   of    May, 
of  the  same  year.      His  remains  are  prob- 
ably   now,    with    other    martyrs    of    the 
i  prison  ships, buried  in  P'ort  Green,  Brook- 



]yn,  N.  Y. ,  near  Washington  Place,  in 
that  city.  He  had  married  a  Miss  Mary 
Olmsted,  who  was  born  September  27, 
1774,  and  their  children  were  Mar}'; 
Hannah;  Stephen,  who  died  in  infancy; 
another  child,  also  called  Stephen,  who 
also  died  in  infancy;   Betsey,  and  Ralph. 

Ralph  Buckland,  born  July  28,  1781, 
son  of  Stephen,  came  in  the  year  181 1  to 
Portage  county,  Ohio,  where  he  served 
in  the  capacity  of  land  agent  and  sur- 
veyor. In  18 1 2  he  removed  his  family 
in  a  one-horse  sleigh  from  their  home  in 
Massachusetts  to  Ravenna,  Ohio.  His 
wife's  maiden  name  was  Ann  Kent.  Some 
few  years  after  his  death  Mrs.  Buckland 
married  Dr.  Luther  Hanchett,  who  then 
had  four  children  by  a  former  marriage; 
six  more  children  were  born  to  them. 
Ralph  Buckland  served  as  a  volunteer  in 
Hull's  army  during  the  war  of  18 12.  He 
was  second  sergeant  in  Capt.  John  Camp- 
bell's company,  which  began  its  march 
on  the  4th  of  July,  1S12,  to  join  the  regi- 
ment commanded  by  Col.  Lewis  Cass,  at 
Detroit.  After  great  suffering  and  hard- 
ship, because  of  the  character  of  the 
country  traversed,  they  finalh'  reached 
the  river  Raisin,  and  were  surrendered  by 
Gen.  Hull  on  the  i6th  day  of  August,  as 
prisoners  of  "war.  Mr.  Buckland  returned 
to  his  home  in  Ravenna,  "prisoner  on 
parole,"  and  died  May  23,  1813.  His 
children  were:  An  infant  daughter  who 
died  on  the  way  west,  and  was  buried  at 
Albany,  N.  Y. ;  Ralph  Pomeroy,  our  sub- 
joct;  and  Stephen,  who  for  nearly  forty 
years  was  a  leading  druggist  at  Fremont, 

Ralph  Pomeroy  Buckland  was  born  at 
Leyden,  Mass.,  January  20,  181 2.  Dur- 
ing his  early  life  he  lived  with  his  step- 
father and  family  on  a  farm,  but  the 
greater  part  of  the  time  previous  to  the 
age  of  eighteen  he  lived  with  and  labored 
for  a  farmer  uncle  in  Mantua,  excepting 
two  years  when  he  worked  in  a  woolen 
factory  at  Kendall,  Ohio'  and  one  year 
which  he  spent   as  clerk   in  a  store.      In 

the  winter  he  attended  the  country 
schools,  and  in  the  summer  of  1830  at- 
tended an  academy  at  Tallmadge,  Ohio, 
where  he  commenced  the  study  of  Latin. 
In  the  fall  of  1831  he  embarked,  at 
Akron,  Ohio,  on  board  a  flat-boat  loaded 
with  a  cargo  of  cheese,  to  be  transported 
through  the  Ohio  canal,  down  the  Mus- 
kingum, Ohio  and  Mississippi  rivers  to 
Natchez,  Miss.  At  Louisville  he  secured 
a  deck  passage  on  the  "  Daniel  Boone," 
and  worked  his  way  by  carrying  wood  on 
board.  At  Natchez  he  found  employ- 
ment, and  secured  the  confidence  of  his 
employers  so  far  that  at  the  end  of  a  few 
months  they  put  him  in  charge  of  two  flat- 
boats  lashed  together  and  loaded  with 
1200  barrels  of  flour  for  the  New  Orleans 
market.  On  this  trip  he  served  his  turn 
with  the  rest  of  the  crew  as  company 
cook.  The  voyage  was  successfully  com- 
pleted, and  at  the  solicitation  of  his  em- 
ployers he  remained  in  New  Orleans,  in 
charge  of  their  commission  house.  Here, 
for  a  time,  he  was  under  the  influence  of 
companions  who  indulged  in  drinking, 
gambling  and  other  vices,  and  was  con- 
firmed in  his  resolution  to  avoid  the  evils 
by  the  sudden  death  of  a  fellow  clerk,  a 
victim  of  dissipation.  He  saved  his 
money,  and  spent  his  time  in  the  study  of 
the  Latin  and  French  languages,  and  in 
reviewing  common-school  branches. 

In  June,  1834,  Mr.  Buckland  started 
for  Ohio,  on  a  visit  to  his  mother,  leaving 
New  Orleans  with  the  fixed  idea  of  return- 
ing and  making  that  city  his  future  home. 
He  had  been  offered  several  first-rate 
situations,  but  on  arriving  home  his  moth- 
er induced  him  to  remain  in  the  North. 
After  spending  one  year  at  Kenyori  Col- 
lege, he  began  the  study  of  law  in  the 
office  of  Gregory  Powers,  at  Middlebury, 
now  apart  of  Akron,  Ohio,  and  completed 
it  with  Whitiessy  &  Newton,  at  Canfield, 
being  admitted  to  practice  in  the  spring 
of  1837.  During  the  winter  of  the  pre- 
vious year  he  had  spent  several  months 
pursuing  his  studies  in  the  office  of  George 


B.  Way,  who  was  then  editor  t>f  the 
Toledo  lilmif,  and  in  whose  temporary 
absence  he  acted  for  a  few  weeks  as  echtor 
pro  tint.  Immediately  after  Mr.  Hiick- 
lund's  admission  to  the  bar,  with  only 
about  fifty  dollars  in  his  pocket,  loaned 
him  by  his  uncle,  Alson  Kent,  he  started 
in  quest  of  a  favorable  location  for  an  at- 
torney. The  failure  of  the  wilil-cat  banks 
was  what  settled  him  in  Lower  Sandusky. 
for  on  arriving  here  he  had  not  good 
money  enough  to  pay  a  week's  board,  and 
was  obliged  to  stop.  He  was  kindly 
trusted  by  Thomas  L.  Hawkins  for  a 
sign,  opened  a  law  office,  and  soon  se- 
cured enough  business  to  pay  for  his  ex- 
penses, which  were  kept  down  to  the 
lowest  possible  point.  At  this  date  he 
was  not  only  without  means,  but  still 
owed  three  hundred  dollars  for  his  ex- 
penses incurred  while  a  student,  and  for 
a  few  necessary  law  books;  but  he  was 
confident  of  ultimate  success,  for  eight 
months  after  opening  up  his  law  office  in 
Lower  Sandusky  he  went  to  Canfield, 
Ohio,  and  married  Charlotte  Boughton, 
returning  with  her  the  following  spring. 
Being  strictly  economical,  their  expenses 
during  their  first  year  of  married  life  did 
not  exceed  $300.  His  credit  was  good 
and  his  business  steadily  increased,  so 
that  at  the  end  of  three  or  four  years  he 
had  all  he  could  attend  to.  He  was  at 
that  time  slender  in  build  and  troubled 
with  dyspepsia,  but  out-door  exercise, 
gained  in  traveling  on  horseback  to  the 
courts  of  adjoining  counties,  during  term 
time,  cured  him  and  gradually  increased 
his  weight  and  physical  strength.  In 
1846  Kutherff)rd  H.  Hayes  became  a 
partner  with  Mr.  Huckland  in  the  practice 
of  law,  and  the  partnership  continued 
until  Mr.  Hayes  removed  to  Cincinnati, 
three  years  later.  He  afterward  had  as- 
sociated with  him  Hon.  Homer  Everett, 
under  the  firm  name  of  Buckland  & 
Everett,  and  still  later  James  H.  P'owler. 
the  finn  name  beconiing  Buckland, 
Everett  &  Fowler.  succeede<l  by   K.  P.  & 

H.  S.  Buckland.  R.  P.  &  H.  S.  Buck- 
land  &  Zeigler.  and  Buckland  &  Buck- 

From  his  youth  K.  F.  Buckland  took 
an  active  interest  in  politics,  ami  was  a 
strong  partisan,  outspoken  in  his  views. 
He  was  mayor  of  the  village  of  Lower 
Sandusky  (now  Fremont),  in  1843-45. 
and  hehl  other  positions  of  public  trust. 
He  was  a  delegate  to  the  Philadelphia 
Convention  in  1843  which  nominated  Gen. 
Zachary  Taylor  for  the  Presidency.  L'pon 
the  organization  of  the  party  he  became 
a  Republican,  and  never  wavered  from 
his  principles.  In  1855  he  was  elected 
to  the  Ohio  Senate  as  a  Republican,  and 
was  re-elected  in  1S57,  serving  four  years. 
He  was  the  author  of  the  law  for  the 
adoption  of  children,  which  was  passed 
during  his  service  in  the  Senate. 

Mr.  Buckland's  nature  was  intensely 
patriotic  under  the  molding  influences  of 
his  father  and  grandfather,  who  had  been 
soldiers  of  the  American  Republic. 
Hence,  at  the  outbreak  of  the  Rebellion, 
in  1861.  he  threw  his  whole  soul  into  the 
struggle.  His  military  record  is  a  matter 
of  history.  Gen.  Hayes  said  of  him:  "  He 
was  the  best  soldier  of  his  age  in  the  vol- 
unteer service.  "  In  October.  1861.  he 
was  appointed  lieutenant-colonel  by  Gov. 
William  Deniiison,  of  Ohio,  and  given 
authority  to  raise  a  regiment  for  the  three- 
years'  service.  In  three  short  months  the 
glorious  Seventy-second  Regiment,  which 
he  organized,  was  ready  for  the  field,  (^n 
January  10, 1862,  he  was  mustered  into  the 
United  States  service  as  colonel  of  the  Sev- 
enty-second Regiment,  O.  V.  I.,  and  two 
weeks  later  left  with  his  regiment  for 
Camp  Chase,  Columbus,  Ohio.  In  Feb- 
ruary he  was  ordered  to  report  with  his 
command  to  Gen.  W.  T.  Sherman,  at 
Paducah,  Ky.,  and  here  the  regiment  was 
assigned  to  the  Fourth  Brigade,  l*"irst 
Division,  Army  of  the  Tennessee,  and 
Col.  Buckland  placed  in  command  of  the 
brigade.  At  the  battle  of  Shiloh,  the  first 
week  in  April.  18C2.  the  Colonel  won  en- 



during  fame  as  an  heroic  soldier  and  com- 
mander, and  his  brigade  covered  itself 
with  glory.  Buckland  was  not  surprised 
at  Shiloh,  but  was  expecting  an  attack. 
His  brigade  and  the  Seventy-second  Regi- 
ment were  at  the  keypoint  of  the  fight, 
on  the  extreme  right  of  the  attack,  and 
withstood  the  fierce  onset  of  the  enemy 
on  the  morning  of  the  6th.  When  the 
brigade  did  fall  back,  it  was  done  in  per- 
fect order,  contesting  every  foot  of  the 
ground.  On  the  7th  Buckland's  brigade 
participated  in  the  advance  that  swept  the 
enemy  from  the  field,  and  at  night  they 
rested  in  advance  of  the  position  they  oc- 
cupied on  the  6th.  Gen.  Sherman  al- 
ways accorded  to  Gen.  Buckland  the  high- 
est praise  for  his  bravery  and  coolness  at 
Shiloh,  and  the  splendid  services  rendered 
by  his  brigade.  Had  some  other  man 
been  where  Buckland  was,  the  final  out- 
come of  the  battle  might  have  been  far 

That  Gen.  Grant  appreciated  and 
recognized  the  military  skill  of  Gen.  R.  P. 
Buckland  is  shown  by  his  letter  to  Gen. 
Sherman,  on  November  10,  1862,  in  re- 
lation to  operations  in  western  Tennes- 
see and  northern  Mississippi.  He  writes: 
"  I  will  not  be  able  to  send  you  any  gen- 
eral officers,  unless  possibly  one  to  take 
command  of  the  forces  that  will  be  left  at 
Memphis.  Stuart  and  Buckland  will 
both  command  brigades  or  even  divisions 
as  well  as  if  they  held  the  commissions 
which  they  should  and  I  hope  will 
hold."*  In  battle  Gen.  Buckland  was 
cool  and  fearless,  but  not  reckless.  He 
looked  well  to  the  comfort  and  health  of 
his  men  on  all'  occasions,  and  this  made 
him  loved  and  respected  by  the  soldiers. 
On  November  29,  1862,  he  was  promoted 
to  the  rank  of  brigadier-general,  for  his 
bravery  at  Shiloh,  and  on  January  26, 
1864,  Gen.  Sherman  placed  Gen.  Buck- 
land  in  command  of  the  District  of  Mem- 
phis,   where    his    administrative   abilities 

*War  of  the  Rebellion.  Official  Records  of  tlie  Union  and 
Confederate  Armies,  Series  1,  Volume  XVII,  Part  II,  page 

were  exemplified  and  his  integrity  o. 
character  clearly  manifested.  Here  he 
promptly  repelled  an  attack  of  Gen.  For- 
rest, and  put  him  to  flight.  While  serv- 
ing in  the  army,  in  the  fall  of  1S64,  Gen. 
Buckland  was  elected  to  Congress.  He 
remained  in  command  of  the  District  of 
Memphis  for  the  balance  of  the  year,  on 
January  6,  1865,  tendered  his  resignation 
at  Washington  to  the  Secretary  of  War, 
and  was  duly  mustered  out  of  the  service. 
On  August  3,  1866,  he  was  commissioned 
brevet-major-general,  U.  S.  V.,  to  rank 
from  May  13,  1865,  for  meritorious  serv- 
ice in  the  army. 

After  an  honorable  career  in  Congress 
during  the  reconstruction  of  the  Southern 
States,  Mr.  Buckland  returned  to  Fre- 
mont, Ohio,  where  he  resumed  his  law 
practice.  During  recent  years  his  sons, 
Horace  S.  and  George,  were  associated 
with  him  in  the  law  firm  of  Buckland  & 
Buckland,  and  relieved  their  father  of  the 
arduous  work  of  the  profession.  Gen. 
Buckland's  legal  career  was  marked  b}' 
the  same  thorough  integrity,  ability  and 
success  that  characterized  him  in  his  en- 
tire walk  through  life.  To  his  example 
and  influence  the  city  of  Fremont  is  in- 
debted for  much  of  its  material  prosperity 
in  the  matter  of  public  improvements. 
He  erected  the  first  substantial  three- 
story  brick  building  in  that  city,  now 
known  as  Masonic  Block.  In  1853  he 
built  the  residence  he  ever  after  occupied, 
and  it  was  at  that  time  the  finest  dwelling 
in  northern  Ohio.  Subsequent!}'  he  built 
the  three-story  block  at  the  corner  of 
Front  and  State  streets.  He  took  an 
active  part  in  securing  railroads  and  man- 
ufactories for  the  city,  and  always  stood 
in  the  front  rank  of  citizens  who  worked 
for  the  upbuilding  of  Fremont. 

Gen.  Buckland  was  a  charter  member 
of  Eugene  Rawson  Post  No.  32,  G.  A.  R. , 
Fremont,  Ohio,  and  was  its  first  com- 
mander. He  was  a  companion  of  the 
Lo3'al  Legion,  and  a  member  of  the  S.  A. 
J.    Snyder    Command,    Union    Veteran's- 



Union;  also  belonjjing  to  the  Society  of 
the  Army  of  the  Tennessee,  and  to  other 
army  societies.  He  was  the  life  presi- 
<lent  of  the  Society  of  the  Seventy-second 
Kej^imeiit  O.  V.  I.,  and  was  for  a  time 
president  of  the  Sandusky  County  Pio- 
neer and  Historical  Society.  He  was 
for  forty-hve  years  a  member  of  Croghan 
Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F. ,  and  for  many  years 
had  been  junior  warden  in  and  an  active 
member  of  St.  Paul's  Episcopal  Church, 
Fremont.  Thus  for  more  than  half  a 
century  he  had  been  a  conspicuous  figure 
in  Fremont  and  northern  Ohio.  He  was 
a  pioneer  settler,  a  distinguished  lawyer, 
a  gallant  soldier,  an  eminent  member  of 
the  Ohio  State  and  the  National  Legisla- 
tures, and  an  enterprising  and  public-spir- 
ited citizen.  He  was  an  educated  and 
courteous  Christian  gentleman,  and  his 
name  and  his  accomplishments  are  indel- 
ibl\'  stamped  on  the  history  of  the  city  of 
Fremont  and  of  the  Nation.  He  will 
never  be  forgotten.  His  death  occurred 
on  Friday,  May  27.  1S92,  when  he  was 
at  the  venerable  age  of  more  than  eighty 
years.  From  the  announcement  of  his 
death  until  after  his  funeral  many  flags 
floated  at  half-mast  all  over  the  city,  and 
nearly  all  the  business  houses  were  closed. 
At  his  funeral  the  spacious  residence,  the 
grounds  and  the  adjoining  streets  were 
thronged  with  people  anxious  to  pay  the 
last  tribute  of  respect  to  the  departed. 
The  funeral  discourse  was  delivered  by 
Kev.  S.  C.  Aves,  pastor  of  the  Episcopal 
Church,  Norwalk,  Ohio,  and  was  touch- 
ingly  eloquent  and  sympathetic.  .At  the 
close  ex-President  Hayes  paid  a  fitting 
tribute  to  his  life-long  friend  in  a  !)rief, 
concise  and  masterly  manner.  At  the 
tomb,  in  Oak  Wood  Cemetery,  the  Grand 
Artnv  of  the  Republic  conducted  its  im- 
pressive burial  service.  Closely  following 
this  event  many  worthy  tributes  of  re- 
spect were  paid  by  the  various  societies 
of  the  city,  among  which  were  the  Fre- 
mont Har  Association,  the  Union  \'cter- 
an's    Cninii     flu'    Sun-,  nf    Veterans,  the 

Independent  Order  of  Odd  Fellows,  the 
city  council  of  Fremont,  and  St.  Paul's 
Episcopal  Church. 

The  children  of  Gen.  K.  P.  and 
Charlotte  Buckland  were:  Ralph  Bough- 
ton  I^uckland,  who  died  at  Fremont. 
Ohio,  in  18S0;  Ann  Kent  Buckland.  wife 
of  Charles  M.  Dillon;  .Alson  Kent  liuck- 
land  and  Thomas  Stilwell  Buckland,  both 
of  whom  died  in  infancy;  Caroline  Nichols 
Buckland,  who  died  at  Memphis,  Tenn., 
at  the  age  of  sixteen;  Mary  Buckland, 
who  died  at  the  age  of  six;  Horace  Step- 
hen Buckland,  attorney  at  law,  just 
elected  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Common 
Pleas  for  the  second  sub-division  for  the 
Fourth  Judicial  District  of  Ohio  (\\e  mar- 
ried Miss  Elizabeth  Catherine  Bauman, 
of  Fremont)  [a  more  extended  account  of 
Judge  H.  S.  Buckland  is  found  elsewhere 
I  in  this  volume];  and  George  Buckland, 
I  an  attorney  at  law.  of  Cincinnati.  Ohio, 
1  who  married  Grace  Huntington,  daughter 
I  of  J.  C.  Huntington,  of  Cincinnati.  The 
'  General's  grandchildren  are  the  children 
of  his  daughter,  Mrs.  C.  M.  Dillon,  viz. : 
George  Buckland  Dillon,  who  died  in  in- 
fancy; Mary  Buckland  Dillon;  Ralph  Put- 
nam Dillon,  a  graduate  of  the  Case 
School.  Cleveland.  Ohio;  Kent  Howard 
Dillon,  a  student  of  the  same  school; 
Charlotte  Elizabeth  Dillon,  a  student  at 
the  Lake  Erie  Sennnary.  Paincsville. 
Ohio;  Edward  Bonghton  and  Edwin  Dil- 
lon (twins),  who  died  in  infancy,  and 
Charles  Buckland  Dillon. 

Gen.  Bucklands  son,  Ralph  Bough- 
ton  Buckland.  was  a  man  of  more  than 
usual  force  of  character.  At  the  break- 
ing out  of  the  war  he  enliste<l  in  Capt. 
Tillotson's  Company  of  the  Eighth  O.  V. 
I.,  nincty-day-mcn.  and  went  with  that 
company  to  Cincinnati.  Upon  his  return 
his  father  would  not  permit  him  to  re-en- 
list, but  required  him  to  remain  at  home 
to  look  after  the  family  and  his  varied  in- 
terests there,  which  Ralph  did  nobly  im- 
til    the  close   of  the  war.    when  he  went 

Sciiitli  to  Inolc  ;ifliT    j)l.iiit:iliiiiis  which  his 



father  had  purchased.  The  venture  not 
proving  profitable,  the  plantations  were 
sold  and  he  returned  to  the  homestead  in 
the  North,  where  he  died  in  1880.  He 
never  married. 

Caroline  Nichols  Buckland  died  of  con- 
gestive fever,  at  Memphis,  Tenn.,  May 
21,  1864.  She  had  gone  down  to  Mem- 
phis in  company  with  her  mother  and 
little  brother  George,  to  visit  her  father, 
who  was  then  in  command  of  the  District 
of  Memphis.  A  few  days  before  the  time 
for  their  return  North,  Carrie  was  taken 
suddenly  ill  with  the  dread  disease,  and 
died  after  an  illness  of  only  three  days. 
On  Sunday  evening,  after  services  at  the 
house,  Carrie  began  her  last  journey,  sur- 
rounded by  the  Seventy-second  Regiment 
O.  V.  I.,  which  by  its  own  request  acted 
as  escort.  She  was  only  fifteen  years  and 
eight  months  old,  and  was  probably  the 
only  young  girl  who  had  a  military  fu- 
neral during  the  war  of  the  Rebellion. 
She  was  brought  home,  and  now  lies 
buried  in  Oak  Wood  Cemetery,  Fremont, 
Ohio.  The  following  lines  were  pub- 
lished in  the  Memphis  Bulletin  at  the 
time  of  her  death: 

How  still  she  lies  amid  the  flowers. 

And  nig^ht  itself  seems  dead; 
The  city  sleeps;  no  sound  we  hear 

Save  the  lone  sentry's  tread. 

The  slender  fingfers  slightly  clasp 
Pale  flowers,  sweet  and  white  ; 

All  pure  and  lovely  as  yon  moon 
Of  cold  and  silver  light. 

The  soft,  luxuriant,  pale  brown  hair 
Waves  in  the  evening  wind; 

Yet  in  that  marble,  changeless  face 
No  wave  of  life  we  tind. 

The  fair  face  looks  like  peaceful  sleep. 

The  lips  full  as  in  life; 
Yet  the  red  blood  has  ceased  to  flow — 

Ceased  has  life's  busy  strife. 

A  broken  lily-bud;  no  eye 

Of  earth  may  ever  see 
How  gloriously  it  blooms  above, 

Flower  of  Eternity. 

Were  death  but  an  unchanging  sleep, 
How  sad  would  be  this  night; 

But  there's  a  land  beyond  the  grave — 
A  home  of  living  lig^ht. 

Memphis,  June  18,  1864. 

The  Memphis  Bulletin  said  of  her: 
' '  Three  weeks  ago  she  arrived  with  her 
mother  from  Ohio.  With  all  the  attrac- 
tions of  her  si.xteen  summers  about  her, 
an  amiability  that  won  every  heart,  a 
fascination  of  manner  whose  gentle  influ- 
ence, wherever  she  appeared,  awakened 
interest  and  admiration,  and  a  kind  and 
genial  sympathy  that  captured  affection, 
she  was  everywhere  a  favorite,  and  her 
company  was  sought  and  valued  wherever 
she  became  known. 

"  Fresh  as  the  spring  whose  charms 
at  the  moment  deck  every  hill  and 
meadow,  she  enjoyed  her  advent  to  new 
scenes,  welcomed  with  youthful  zest  the 
appreciative  regard  of  the  new  circle  amid 
which  she  was  introduced,  and  rejoiced 
once  more  to  join  her  honored  and  happy 
sire,  himself  proud  of  the  sweet  blossom 
Providence  had  vouchsafed  as  the  treas- 
ure of  his  life — when  death  plucked  the 
flower  in  the  very  youth  of  its  loveliness, 
and  stamped  the  fleeting  charm  with  the 
impress  of  immortality." 

OSCAR    J.    DONCYSON,    of    Fre- 
mont, Sandusky  county,  is  a   na- 
tive of  the  same,  having  been  born 
March    14,    1862,  a   son  of  Chris- 
tian and  Marie  Magdalen  (Engler)  Doncy- 
son.      The  German  spelling  of  the  name 
was  Danzeison. 

Christian  Doncyson  was  a  native  of 
Dentzlingen,  Baden,  Germany,  born  De- 
cember II,  1 81 2,  son  of  Bernhardt  and 
Anna  (Hugin)  Doncyson,  who  were  also 
natives  of  Baden.  His  mother  died  in 
Dentzlingen  in  181 3,  during  the  Napo- 
leonic war,  and  in  18 1  5  his  father  married, 
for  his  second  wife.  Miss  Christina  Stribin. 
Christian  Doncyson  was  educated  in  the 
public  schools,  and  at  the  age  of  fourteen 
became  a  member  of  the  Evangelical 
Protestant  Church.  He  learned  the  trade 
of  baker,  at  which  he  labored  two  years, 
and  then  worked  in  a  brewery  at  Emmen- 
dingen,    at   the  age  of  twenty-one    com- 



mencing  to  serve  in  the  Second  Regiment 
of  Baden  Dragoons  at  Mannheim.  After 
thirteen  months'  service  he  was  honor- 
ably discharged,  at  the  reqin^st  of  his 
father,  who  had  decided  to  emigrate  to 

The  Doncyson  family  left  their  home 
in  Baden  Jimc  30,  1834,  and  after  a  tedi- 
ous journey  of  nineteen  days  arrived  at 
Havre,  where  they  took  passage  for 
America.  The  company  consisted  of 
Bernhardt  Doncyson  and  wife,  their  sons 
John  and  Christian,  George  Engler  and 
wife,  and  their  children — Marie  Magdalen 
(afterward  wife  of  Judge  Doncyson),  iNfrs. 
Christian  Shively,  ^frs.  Catherine  Ochs, 
George  Engler,  Andrew  Engler,  Henry 
Engler  and  Mrs.  Kosina  I^ongenbach. 
After  a  voyage  of  thirty-seven  days  they 
reached  New  York,  from  which  city  they 
proceeded  by  canal-boat  to  Buffalo, 
thence  on  the  steamer  "Harrison"  to 
Portland  (now  Sandusky  City),  and  by 
boat  to  Lower  Sandusky.  Bernhardt 
Doncyson  bought  eighty  acres  of  wild  land 
in  Sandusky  township,  near  the  mouth  of 
Little  Mud  creek,  where  he  followed 
farming  about  twenty-three  years.  His 
death  occurred  February  i,  1867.  and 
that  of  his  wife  in  July,  1867. 

Christian  Doncyson  assisted  his  father 
in  farm  work  until  1836,  when  he  found 
employment,  as  a  baker,  with  Fred  Wise, 
who  occupied  a  wooden  building  on  the 
site  of  the  Star  Clothing  House,  Fremont. 
He  next  worked  a  few  months  with  Fred 
Boos,  a  baker,  at  Sandusky  City,  and 
then  went  to  Nfanhattan  (now  Toledo), 
Ohio,  where  he  plied  his  trade,  and  where, 
on  P"ebruary  7.  1837.  he  married  Nfarie 
M.  Engler.  Returning  to  Sandusky  county 
he  again  assisted  his  parents  on  their  farm 
until  1838.  when  he  hired  out  to  John 
Stahl  to  nianage  a  bakery  in  a  building 
then  belonging  to  Mrs.  S.  A.  Grant,  near 
the  west  end  of  State  street  bridge.  Lower 
Sandusky.  Here  he  remained  until  1844, 
when  he  and  George  Engler  jointly 
bought  out  John  Stahl's  grocery,  and  con- 

ducted the  business  together  for  several 
years.  In  1853  Mr.  Doncyson  erected  a 
three-story  brick  building  on  ground 
which  he  afterward  sold  to  the  Wheeling 
&  Lake  Erie  Railroad  Company,  and  car- 
ried on  a  grocery  and  provision  store  for 
upward  of  twenty  years.  In  1883  he 
built  a  fine  brick  mansion  on  the  corner 
of  Croghan  and  Wayne  streets,  which  he 
occupied  as  a  family  residence  during  the 
rest  of  his  life.  He  held  various  offices 
of  honor  and  trust  in  his  community,  hav- 
ing been  treasurer  of  Sandusky  township 
from  1846  to  1S62.  county  infirmary  di- 
rector from  1867  to  1878.  probate  judge 
from  1878  to  1884.  member  of  the  city 
council  of  Fremont  two  terms,  and  of  the 
city  board  of  education  twelve  years.  He 
was  quiet  and  unassuming  in  manner,  but 
proved  a  faithful  and  obliging  official. 
During  the  last  ten  years  of  his  life  he 
lived  partly  retired  from  business,  serving 
occasionally  as  deputy  clerk  for  Hon.  E. 
F.  Dickinson  and  Hon.  Joseph  Zimmer- 
man. He  was  for  many  years  a  member 
of  Fort  Stephenson  Lodge,  F.  &  A.  M., 
and  worshipful  master  of  the  same.  The 
children  of  Christian  and  Marie  M.  Doncy- 
son, all  born  in  Sandusky,  were:  Chris- 
tena,  wife  of  Leonard  Adier.  a  butcher  on 
East  State  street,  Fremont;  Elizabeth, 
deceased  wife  of  Charles  Geisen.  a  brew- 
er; Lucy  A.,  who  married  Herman  J. 
Gottron.  a  marble  dealer  (both  now  de- 
ceased); Henry  G.,  a  soldier  of  the  Civil 
war,  who  served  in  Company  K.  One 
Hundredth  Regiment  O.  V.  I.,  married 
Miss  Carrie  Brown  and  is  living  at  Tope- 
ka,  Kans. ,  where  he  is  employed  in  the 
pension  office;  John  R.,  a  grocer  of  Fre- 
mont, who  married  Farry  Kent;  Herman 
W..  an  architect,  of  F'remont.  married 
to  Amelia  Hidber;  George  E..  a  liveryman, 
of  Fremont;  0.scarj..  whose  name  intro- 
duces this  sketch;  Ella,  widow  of  Jesse 
Schultz.  whoiwas  a  teacher;  and  two  sons 
and  one  daughter  who  died  in  infancy. 
Judge  C.  Doncyson  died  at  his  home  in 
Fremont,  Ohio.  June   14,  1893,  and  was 



buried  with  Masonic  honors,  in  Oakwood 
cemetery.  His  wife  preceded  him  to  the 
grave  May  i8,  1892,  at  the  age  of  seven- 

Oscar  J.  Doncyson,  the  subject  prop- 
er of  this  sketch,  spent  his  youth  in  as- 
sisting his  parents  and  attending  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  his  native  city,  Fremont. 
At  the  age  of  eighteen  he  entered  on  Hfe 
for  himself  as  clerk  in  a  grocery  store.  In 
1886  he  established  a  grocery  and  provis- 
ion store  on  his  own  account;  but  two 
years  later  he  sold  his  grocery  stock,  and 
became  an  employe  in  the  county  audi- 
tor's office,  where  he  served  as  deputy  for 
a  number  of  years.  He  had  previously 
assisted  his  father  in  th«  office  of  probate 
judge.  In  religious  connection  he  is  a 
member  of  Grace  Lutheran  Church;  so- 
cially he  is  affiliated  with  the  German  Aid 
Society  of  Fremont. 

BASIL  MEEK.  The  subject  of 
this  sketch  was  born  at  New  Cas- 
tle, Henry  Co.,  Ind.,  April  20, 
1829.  He  came  of  Anglo-Saxon 
ancestry,  his  paternal  great-grandfather, 
Jacob  Meek,  having  come  from  England 
to  Virginia,  whence  later  he  moved  to 
North  Carolina,  finally  settling  in  Mary- 
land. His  maternal  great-grandfather, 
James  Stevenson,  a  native  of  Pennsylva- 
nia, but  moving  to  North  Carolina  and 
finally  settling  in  Tennessee,  served  as  a 
soldier  during  the  war  of  the  Revolution, 
and  held  a  commission  as  captain  in  that 
war.  His  paternal  grandfather,  John 
Meek,  moved  from  his  native  State  of 
Maryland  to  Pennsylvania  when  the  father 
of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  whose  name 
was  also  John,  was  a  small  boy;  but  after 
a  few  years'  residence  there,  he,  in  1788, 
removed  with  his  family  and  all  his  ef- 
fects to  Kentucky,  settling  at  New  Cas- 
tle, Henry  county,  in  that  State,  where 
he  died  in  1803.  He  had  been  the  owner 
of  slaves,  but  in  his  will  manumitted  the 
last  one  he  owned. 

John  Meek  (father  of  Basil),  a  farmer, 
was  born  in  1772,  near  Ellicott's  Mills 
(now  Ellicott  City),  in  the  State  of  Mary- 
land, going  with  his  father  first  to  Penn- 
sylvania and  thence  to  Kentucky  where 
he  grew  to  manhood,  and  at  New  Castle, 
Ky.,  July  I,  1 792,  was  married  to  his  first 
wife,  Miss  Margaret  Ervin,  who  bore  him 
nine  children — six  sons  and  three  daugh- 
ters— their  names  and  dates  of  birth  being 
as  follows:  William,  May  29,  1793; 
Joseph,  March  3,  1795;  Sarah,  1797; 
Mary,  1800;  Jeptha,  November  3,  1803; 
Jesse,  May  27,  1806;  Elizabeth,  August 
9,  1808;  John  (date  lost);  and  Lorenzo 
Dow,  May  29,  1S12.  These  all  married 
and  raised  families.  Of  them,  Sarah  was 
married  at  Richmond,  Ind.,  to  John 
Smith,  son  of  one  of  the  founders  of  that 
city,  and  Joseph  married  Gulielma,  a  sis- 
ter of  John  Smith.  Mary  became  the 
wife  of  Rev.  Daniel  Fraley,  a  pioneer 
Methodist  preacher  of  Indiana.  The 
last  surviving  one,  Elizabeth,  was  the 
wife  of  Rev.  John  Davis,  a  local  Method- 
ist minister,  who  died  at  Wabash,  Ind.  ; 
she  died  at  Stratford,  Ontario,  Canada,  in 
i893'  aged  eighty-six  years.  John  Meek, 
about  1 812,  moved  from  Kentucky  to 
Wayne  county,  Ind.,  and  settled  at  Clear 
Creek,  on  a  farm  now  embraced  within 
the  limits  of  the  present  city  of  Rich- 
mond. Here  his  first  wife  died  while 
Lorenzo  D.  was  a  small  boy.  He  con- 
tinued to  live  there  some  years,  and  then 
moved  to  New  Castle,  Henry  Co.,  Ind., 
where  in  1827,  he  married  Miss  Salina 
Stevenson,  daughter  of  John  Stevenson; 
she  was  only  twenty  while  he  was  fifty- 
five  years  old  at  the  time. 

There  were  six  children  born  to 
him  of  the  marriage — four  sons  and  two 
daughters — of  whom  are  now  living  the 
subject  of  this  sketch,  and  Capt.  James 
S.,  who  was  born  August  17,  1834, 
now  living  in  Spencer,  Ind. ;  Laurinda, 
born  June  2,  1831,  now  the  wife  of 
Stephen  Clement,  of  Newton  Iowa; 
Cynthia  J.,  born  November  29,  1836,  now 






the  wife  of  Jesse  Clement,  of  Scandia, 
Kans.  One  of  the  sons  died  in  infancy; 
the  other  son.  TfioniasJ.,  bt)rn  January 
15,  1843,  died  in  early  manhood.  The 
mother  of  these  died  at  the  home  of  her  son, 
Capt.  James  S.  Meek,  at  Spencer,  Ind., 
in  1S83,  at;ed  seventy-six  years.  In  the 
year  183;  John  Meek  returned  to  Wayne 
county,  and  there  resided  until  1841, 
when  he  removed  with  his  family  to  Mor- 
gan township,  Owen  Co..  Inii.,  then  a 
very  new  and  unimproved  section  of  the 
State,  with  but  very  limited  school  or 
other  privileges.  Here  he  died  in  1849, 
and  was  buried  in  Pleasant  Grove  Ceme- 
tery, in  tliat  township. 

Basil  Meek  was  only  twelve  years  old 
when  his  father  settled  in  Owen  county, 
and,  havinf;  no  opportunity  of  attending 
any  of  the  higher  educational  institutions, 
his  school  education  was  limited  to  that 
of  the  common  schools  of  that  compara- 
tively new  country;  but  being  naturally 
inclined  to  study,  he  improved  every  op- 
portunity that  was  afforded  for  self  im- 
provement, and  to  none  of  these  is  he 
more  indebted  than  to  a  few  years'  resi- 
dence at  the  falls  of  Eel  river — Cataract 
village — in  the  cultured  family  of  Alfred 
N.  Bullitt,  Esq.,  in  whose  store  he  served 
as  clerk.  This  was  a  Kentucky  family 
from  Louisville.  Mr.  Bullitt  was  a  man 
of  fine  abilities,  a  graduate  of  Yale  and 
had  been  possessed  of  what  was  in  his 
day  a  large  fortime  in  Louisville  which 
through  some  misfortune  he  had  lost,  and 
having  an  interest  in  a  large  tract  of  land, 
which  included  the  "  falls."  he  removed  to 
Cataract  village  with  his  accomplished 
family  in  1846,  and  there  kept  a  general 
store.  To  his  valuable  library  of  rare 
books,  the  subject  of  this  sketch  had  ac- 
cess; which,  together  with  the  friendly 
interest  of  Mr.  Bullitt  and  his  family, 
awakened  in  him  a  desire,  and  supplied 
the  opportimity  for  a  higher  and  better 
education  than  could  be  obtained  short  of 

While  residing  at  Cataract  village,  De- 

cember 23.  1849,  he  was  united  in  mar- 
riage with  Nfiss  Cynthia  A.  Brown,  tiaugh- 
ter  of  .Xbner  Brown,  of  Morgan  township, 
the  result  of  this  union  being  four  chil- 
dren, namely:  Minerva  Bullitt;  Mary  E. ; 
Lenora  Belle,  and  Flora  B.  Of  these, 
Minerva  li.  died  at  Clyde.  Ohio.  Novem- 
ber 22.  1869.  in  the  eighteenth  year  of 
her  age;  Flora  B.  died  in  infancy;  Mary 
E.  is  the  wife  of  Byron  R.  Dudrow.  at- 
torney at  law  of  Fremont;  and  I^enora 
Belle  is  the  wife  of  L.  C.  Grover,  farmer, 
near  Clyde.  The  mother  of  these  died  in 
Spencer,  Owen  Co.,  Ind.,  in  August, 
1861.  On  September  30,  1862.  Mr. 
Meek  married  Miss  Nfartha  E.  .\nderson, 
daughter  of  Alvin  and  Harriet  (Baldwin) 
Anderson,  of  Bellevue,  Ohio.  By  this 
marriage  there  are  two  children,  namely: 
Clara  C,  wife  of  Dr.  H.  G.  Edgerton, 
dentist,  of  Fremont,  Ohio,  and  Dr.  Rob- 
ert Basil,  a  brief  notice  of  whom  follows. 
Our  subject's  grandchildren  are:  Robert 
Basil  Grover.  Mary  B..  Rachel,  Dorothy 
and  Henry  Meek  lidgerton. 

In  1853  at  the  age  of  twenty-four 
Basil  Meek  was  elected  clerk  of  the  cir- 
cuit court  and  moved  from  Cataract  to 
Spencer,  the  county  seat  of  Owen  cotmty. 
He  was  re-elected  without  opposition  in 
1857,  serving  tvvo  terms  of  four  years 
each.  During  these  eight  years  he  de- 
voted such  time  as  could  be  spared  from 
his  official  duties  in  studying  law,  and  in 
1861  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  formed 
a  partnership  with  Hon.  Samuel  H.  Bus- 
kirk,  of  Bloomington,  and  practiced  law 
at  Spencer  for  about  two  years.  In  1864 
he  removed  from  his  native  State  to  San- 
dusky county.  Ohio,  making  at  first  his 
home  on  a  farm  which  is  now  within  the 
village  of  Clyde.  In  1871  he  became  a 
member  of  the  Sandusky  countv  bar,  and 
formed  a  partnership  with  Col.  J.  H. 
Rhodes  in  the  practice  of  law  at  Clyde. 
This  partnership  continued  for  four  vears, 
after  which  he  practiced  alone  until  b'eb- 
ruary  10,  1879.  when  he  entered  upon  his 
duties  as  clerk  of  courts,  to  which  ofti:; 



he  had  been  elected  at  the  previons  fall 
election  by  a  large  plurality,  running 
ahead  of  his  ticket  in  his  own  village  and 
township  284  votes.  In  the  fall  of  1879 
he  removed  with  his  family  to  Fremont, 
where  he  now  resides.  At  the  close  of 
his  term  he  was  re-elected  clerk  of  courts 
by  a  majority  of  1,100  votes,  and  served 
six  years  in  all.  On  retiring  from  this  office 
he  resumed  the  practice  of  his  profession, 
with  F.  R.  Fronizer  as  partner,  until  he 
was  appointed,  by  President  Cleveland, 
postmaster  at  Fremont.  He  took  charge 
of  this  office  September  i,  1886,  and 
served  until  March  i,  1891,  a  period  of 
four  years  and  six  months.  In  this  office 
he  took  much  interest,  and  devoted  his 
entire  energies  in  rendering  an  efficient 
and  highly  satisfactory  service  to  the 
public.  It  was  during  his  term  and 
through  his  efforts  that  the  free-delivery 
sj'stem  was  extended  to  this  office,  and 
put  into  very  successful  operation  under 
his  management  and  that  of  his  son,  Rob- 
ert B.,  who  was  his  first-assistant  post- 
master. On  April  I ,  I S91 ,  he  became  asso- 
ciated with  his  son-in-law,  Byron  R.  Dud- 
row,  in  the  practice  of  the  law  in  which 
he  has  since  been  engaged,  and  is  senior 
member  of  the  law  firm  of  Meek,  Dudrow 
&  Worst.  As  a  lawyer  he  is  careful  and 
painstaking  in  the  preparation  of  his 
cases,  and  in  their  presentation  he  is  clear 
in  statement  and  forcible  in  argument. 
As  an  advocate  he  believes  in  his  client, 
making  his  cause  his  own  and  serving  him 
with  a  warmth  and  zeal  which  springs  only 
from  a  conviction  of  the  justness  of  his 
client's  cause. 

Mr.  Meek  has  been  a  member  of  the 
board  of  education  since  April,  1894,  and 
also  clerk  of  that  body.  As  a  member  of 
this  board  he  was  influential  in  the  re- 
organization of  the  high  school  in  1895, 
in  creating  the  principalship,  adoptjng 
new  courses  of  study  and  supporting  other 
measures  tending  to  advance  the  interests 
of  said  schools,  and  establish  therein 
methods  of   instruction  both  modern  and 

practical.  He  was  also  active  in  making 
free  Kindergartens  a  part  of  the  public 
school  system  of  the  city,  and  is  chairman 
of  the  standing  committee  on  Kindergart- 
ens. Politically  he  has  all  his  life  been 
a  Democrat,  loyally  supporting  the  meas- 
ures and  candidates  of  his  party,  and 
cheerfully  working  for  the  promotion  of 
its  principles,  serving  on  several  occasions 
as  chairman  of  the  County  Executivft 
Com  mittee,  with  acceptability  to  his  party. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  Church,  and  has  been  such 
since  1857.  Asa  lover  of  truth  and  free- 
dom of  thought  and  action,  himself,  he 
is  not  only  resolute  for  what  he  believes 
to  be  the  truth,  but  is  tolerant  of  all  who 
are  seeking  the  same  of  whatever  name 
or  creed. 

son  of  Basil  and  Martha  E.  (An- 
derson) Meek,  was  born  at  Clyde, 
Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  January  14, 
1869.  His  paternal  ancestry  is  given  in 
the  foregoing  sketch  of  his  father.  On 
his  mother's  side  he  is  of  Scotch  descent. 
The  Andersons  were  Covenanters,  and 
during  the  persecutions  waged  against 
their  faith  in  Scotland  they  emigrated  to 
the  North  of  Ireland.  From  here  David 
Anderson,  the  great  ancestor  of  this  fam- 
ily line,  about  the  year  1740,  with  a  col- 
ony of  Scotch  Presbyterians,  who  brought 
with  them  a  minister  and  schoolmaster, 
came  to  this  country  and  settled  first  in 
Massachusetts;  later  in  Lawrence  county, 
N.  Y.  Among  his  children  was  a 
son  named  John,  then  a  small  boy,  who 
here  grew  to  manhood  and  married  Eliz- 
abeth McCracken,  who  also  was  of  this 
colony.  John  Anderson  had  five  sons — 
David,  Samuel,  Joseph,  James  and  John 
— all  of  whom  were  soldiers  of  the  Revo- 
lutionary war,  fighting  for  their  country. 
James  Anderson  married  Betsy  Dodge, 
and  several    children  were   born  to  them. 



one  being  Alvin  Anderson,  who  married 
Harriet   Baldwin. 

Amonj,'  the  children  of  Alvin  Ander- 
son was  Martha  E.  Anderson,  who  mar- 
ried Basil  Meek,  and  is  the  mother  of  the 
subject  of  this  sketch,  Robert  B..  who. 
when  he  was  ten  years  old,  mnved  with 
his  parents  to  Fremont,  Ohio,  where  he 
completed  his  elementary  and  high-school 
education.  In  1887,  while  his  father  was 
postmaster  at  this  place,  he  was  appoint- 
ed first  assistant,  and  served  as  such  until 
September,  1890,  rendering  very  efficient 
and  satisfactory  sers'ice  to  the  public, 
among  whom  he  was  universally  popular. 
During  1890-91  he  pursued  a  scientific 
course  at  Adelbert  College.  Cleveland, 
Ohio,  preparatory  to  entering  upon  the 
study  of  medicine.  In  1891  he  entered 
the  Western  Reserve  Medical  College  at 
Cleveland,  where  he  remained  two  years; 
then  became  a  student  in  Woostcr  Medi- 
cal College,  in  that  city,  taking  his  senior 
course  therein,  and  graduating  in  the 
spring  of  1894.  During  his  three-years' 
course  in  the  medical  college  he  spent  his 
vacations  in  the  office  of  his  able  and 
skillful  preceptor.  William  Caldwell. 
M.  D.,  of  Fremont.  In  the  summer  of 
1894  Dr.  Meek  opened  an  office  in  Fre- 
mont and  entered  upon  the  practice  of 
his  profession.  In  the  spring  of  1895  he 
was  chosen  one  of  the  city  physicians  of 
the  board  of  health.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Northwestern  Ohio  Medical  As.socia- 
tion.  In  August,  1895.  he  went  to  Eu- 
rope to  further  pursue  his  medical  educa- 
tion, and  is  now  (1895)  in  N'ienna,  Aus- 
tria, where  he  is  devoting  his  time  to 
study  ill  the  clinics  of  the  large  hospitals, 
and  in  taking  special  courses  under  the 
instruction  of  eminent  professors  in  that 
great  medical  center  of  the  Old  World. 
He  expects  to  return  home  during  the 
sunnner  of  1896,  to  resume  his  practice 
in  Fremont,  in  which  he  was  meeting 
with  very  flattering  success  when  he  gave 
it  up.  temporarily,  to  go  abroad. 

!  >'     Vfcek    is    a  young    man    of    '"'• 

natural  abilities,  and  with  his  medical 
education  received  at  home,  and  the  rare 
opportunities  he  is  now  enjoying  abroad 
for  further  e()uipment,  it  is  safe  to  pre- 
dict for  him  a  useful  and  a  successful 
career  in  his  chosen  profession. 

ROBERT  S.  RICE,  M.  D..  was 
born  in  Ohio  county,  V'a.  (now  W. 
Va.).  May  28.  1805,  and  died  in 
Fremont,  Ohio,  August  5,  1875. 
At  the  age  of  ten  he  came  to  Ohio  with 
his  father's  family,  who  located  in  Chilli- 
cothe,  Ross  county,  the  family  in  181 8  re- 
moving from  that  place  to  Marion  county, 
and  in  1827  our  subject  settled  in  Lower 
Sandusky.  He  worked  at  his  trade  as  a 
potter  until  about  the  year  1847.  when, 
having  long  employed  his  leisure  hours 
in  the  study  of  medicine,  he  commenced 
practice.  Although  he  labored  under  the 
disadvantages  of  limited  educational  op- 
portunities in  his  youth,  and  of  not  hav- 
ing received  a  regular  course  of  medical 
instruction,  his  career  as  a  physician  was 
quite  successful,  and  he  numbered  as  his 
patrons  many  among  the  most  respectable 
families  in  his  town  anil  county. 

Dr.  Rice  was  a  man  of  sound  judg- 
ment, quick  wit,  fond  of  a  joke,  and  sel- 
dom equaled  as  a  mimic  and  story  teller. 
He  was  a  keen  observer,  and  found 
amusement  and  instructicm  in  his  daily 
intercourse  with  men  by  perceiving  many 
things  that  commonly  pass  unnoticed. 
His  sympathies  were  constantly  extended 
to  all  manner  of  suffering  and  oppressed 
people.  He  denounced  human  slavery, 
and  from  an  early  period  acted  politically 
with  the  opponents  of  that  institution. 
He  also  opposed  corporal  punishment  in 
schools,  and  favored  the  humane  treat- 
ment of  children.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  Methodist  Protestant  Church,  and 
was  deeply  religious.  In  early  years, 
when  preachers  were  few  in  this  then 
new  country,  he  often  exhorted  and 
preached.      His  public  sjiirit  was  shown 



on  many  occasions.  He  was  colonel  of 
the  First  Regiment  of  Cavalry  Militia  or- 
ganized in  Sandusky  county,  and  also 
-general  of  the  first  brigade.  He  assisted 
in  running  the  line  between  Ohio  and 
Michigan,  near  Toledo,  Ohio,  the  dispute 
in  regard  to  which  led  to  the  bloodless 
"Michigan  war."  He  served  several 
terms  as  justice  of  the  peace,  and  one 
term  as  mayor  of  Lower  Sandusky. 

On  December  30,  1824,  Dr.  Robert 
S.  Rice  married,  in  Marion,  Ohio,  Miss 
Eliza  Ann,  daughter  of  William  and  Mary 
(Park)  Caldwell,  born  near  Chillicothe, 
Ohio,  March  19,  1807,  and  who  died  at 
Fremont,  Ohio,  January  17,  1873.  They 
had  seven  sons  and  two  daughters:  The 
first  two  were  sons  who  died  in  infancy; 
William  A.  was  born  in  Fremont,  Ohio, 
July  31,  1829;  John  B.  was  born  June  23, 
1832;  Sarah  Jane,  February  20,  1835; 
Robert  H.,  December  20,  1837;  Alfred 
H.,  September  23,  1840;  Charles  F. , 
July  23,  1843;  Emeline  E.,  January  14, 
1847.  Of  this  family  Sarah  Jane  died 
June  20,  1 84 1,  and  Emeline  died  Sep- 
tember 19,   1859. 

John  B.  Rice,  M.  D.,  was  born  in 
Fremont  (then  Lower  Sandusky),  Ohio, 
June  23,  1832,  son  of  Robert  S.  and 
Eliza  Ann  (Caldwell)  Rice.  During  his 
boyhood  he  attended  the  village  schools, 
and  learned  the  printer's  trade  in  the 
office  of  the  Sandusky  Coiiutv  Democrat, 
where  he  worked  three  years.  After  this 
he  spent'two  years  in  study  at  Oberlin 
College,  subsequently  taking  up  the  study 
of  medicine,  and  graduated  from  the 
Medical  Department  of  the  University  of 
Michigan  in  1857,  soon  after  which  he 
associated  himself  with  his  father  in  prac- 
tice at  Fremont.  In  1859  he  further 
prosecuted  his  studies  at  Jefferson  Medi- 
cal College,  Philadelphia,  and  at  Bellevue 
Hospital,  New  York  City.  On  returning 
home  he  resumed  his  practice. 

On  the  breaking  out  of  the  Civil  war 
Dr.  Rice  was  appointed  assistant  surgeon 
■of   the  Tenth  O.  V.  L,  and  served   with 

his  regiment  under  the  gallant  Col.  Lytle, 
through  the  early  battles  in  West  Virginia. 
On  November  25,  1 861,  he  was  promoted 
to  surgeon,  and  assigned  to  his  home  regi- 
ment, the  Seventy-second  O.  V.  I.,  which 
first  felt  the  shock  of  battle  at  Shiloh. 
Through  the  long  years  of  the  war  Dr. 
Rice  served  with  conspicuous  bravery  and 
devotion.  He  was,  on  different  occasions, 
assigned  to  duty  as  surgeon-in-chief  of 
Lauman's  and  Tuttle's  Divisions  of  the 
Fifteenth  Army  Corps,  and  of  the  District 
of  Memphis,  when  commanded  by  Gen. 
R.  P.  Buckland.  To  the  members  of 
the  Seventy-second  regiment  and  Buck- 
land's  Brigade  he  was  as  a  brother.  None 
of  the  thousands  of  soldiers  who  came 
under  his  care  can  ever  forget  or  cease  to 
bless  his  memory.  He  was  always  cheer- 
ful, sympathetic,  and  watchful  for  the 
interests  of  his  comrades.  After  the  Re- 
bellion Dr.  Rice  returned  to  Fremont, 
and  "resumed  the  practice  of  his  profes- 
sion. His  skill  in  medicine  and  surgery 
was  unsurpassed,  his  practice  was  large, 
and  he  was  called  in  consultation  all  over 
this  section  of  the  State.  There  are  few 
capital  operations  in  surgery  that  he  had 
not  performed  many  times.  Dr.  Rice 
was  a  member  of  the  county,  district  and 
State  medical  societies,  and  for  several 
years  lectured  in  the  Charity  Hospital 
Medical  College,  and  the  Medical  Depart- 
ment of  the  University  of  Wooster,  at 
Cleveland;  his  topics  were  military  surg- 
ery, obstetrics,  etc.  He  contributed  ex- 
tensively to  the  medical  journals  of  the 
country,  and  was  everywhere  recognized 
as  one  of  the  able  men  of  his  profession. 
He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Trom- 
mer  Extract  of  Malt  Company,  and  was 
connected  with  other  enterprises;  he  serv- 
ed on  the  city  board  of  health,  and  was  a 
member  of  the  board  of  pension  examiners ; 
and  he  was  ever  ready,  with  his  means 
and  influence,  to  aid  in  any  project  for 
the  prosperity  and  welfare  of  the  com- 

In  1880  Dr.  Rice  was  nominated   for 



Congress  by  the  Republican  p:irt\  of  the 
Tenth  District,  composed  of  the  counties 
of  Krie,  Hancock,  Huron,  Sandusky  and 
Seneca,  and  was  elected  by  the  handsome 
plurality  of  almost  1,400  votes.  He 
served  with  ability  in  the  XLN'IIth  Con- 
gress, receiving  the  commendations  of  his 
constituents  and  the  esteem  of  his  political 
associates  of  both  parties,  and  was  re- 
nominated for  the  XLNHIth  Congress, 
but  declined  the  notnination,  resuming 
the  practice  of  his  profession  and  the 
management  of  the  Trommer  Extract  of 
Malt  Works. 

In  his  demeanor  Dr.  Rice  was  simple 
and  unostentatious.  He  was  always  the 
friend  and  defender  of  the  poor,  the  weak 
and  the  oppressed.  No  one  ever  ap- 
proached him  for  charity  and  was  sent 
away  empty.  No  one  ever  sought  his  ad- 
vice in  hours  of  trouble  that  did  nui  receive 
full  sympathy  and  generous  counsel.  No 
one  has  done  more  than  he  to  aid  worthy 
veterans  in  obtaining  their  haril-earned 
pensions,  and  for  his  services  in  their  be- 
half he  took  no  pay.  Possessed  of  an 
attractive  physical  development,  sound 
judgment  and  rare  common  sense,  the 
versatility  of  his  knowledge  and  the  magic 
charm  of  his  wit  and  humor  made  him 
the  central  figure  around  which  all  were 
delighted  to  gather.  He  always  carried 
his  good  humor  with  him.  and  it  became 
contagious.  He  was  the  master  of  the 
story-teller's  art,  and  often  left  the  mem- 
ory of  a  rollicking  story,  a  hearty  laugh 
or  an  appropriate  joke  to  do  its  good  work 
long  after  he  had  takon  his  departure  on 
his  daily  rounds.  The  affection  in  which 
he  was  held  by  all  tells  the  story  of  his 
life,  and  is  that  life's  best  eulogy,  as  the 
remembrance  of  it  will  be  his  most  fitting 
epitaph.  Dr.  Rice  was  received  into  the 
communion  of  St.  Paul's  Episcopal 
Church;  was  a  member  of  the  Grand 
Army  of  the  Republic,  of  the  Loyal  Le- 
gion and  of  the  Masonic  fraternity.  He 
died  January  14.  1893,  and  was  buried  in 
Oakwood  ccmeter)'. 

On  December  \2,  1.S61,  Dr.  Rice 
married  Miss  Sarah  I£..  daughter  of  Dr. 
James  \V.  anil  Nancy  E.  (Justice)  Wil- 
son, of  Fremont,  Ohio,  and  the  children 
born  to  this  union  were:  Lizzie,  born 
September  18,  1865,  and  Wilson,  born 
July  2,   1875. 

RoHKKT  H.  Rue,  M.  D.,  was  born  in 
Lower  Sandusky  (now  Fremont),  Ohio, 
December  20,  1837,  a  son  of  Dr.  Robert 
S.  and  Eliza  Ann  (Caldwell)  Rice.  In 
his  youth  he  attended  the  village  schools, 
and  was  for  several  years  employed  as. 
clerk  in  the  store  of  O.  L.  Nims.  He 
afterward  attended  school  at  Oberlin  Col- 
lege a'ljout  two  years,  and  then  com- 
menced the  study  of  medicine  with  his 
father  and  brother,  John.  Later  on  he 
attended  medical  lectures  in  the  Medical 
Department  of  the  University  of  Michi- 
gan, and  graduated  from  that  institution 
in  March.  1863,  on  his  return  to  Fremont 
engaging  in  the  practice  of  medicine  with 
his  father,  his  brother  John  being  then 
in  the  army.  He  soon  actjuired  a  very 
extensive  practice,  which,  later,  in  part- 
nership with  his  brother.  Dr.  John  B. 
Rice,  he  prosecuted  with  untiring  zeal, 
and  he  has  been  eminently  successful  in 
his  profession. 

In  1872-73  Dr.  Robert  H.  Rice, 
spent  a  year  in  Europe,  during  which 
time  he  traveled  e.xtensively  over  the  con- 
tinent, Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  devot- 
ing some  time,  in  the  medical  schools  of 
Paris  and  Berlin,  to  the  study  of  his 
profession.  His  knowledge  of  the  Ger- 
man and  French  languages,  which  he  had 
ac<iuired  by  his  own  efforts,  and  for  which 
he  has  a  great  fondness,  enabled  him  to 
derive  unusual  pleasure  and  advantage 
from  his  travels  abroad.  On  his  return 
home  he  resumed  his  practice,  and  soon 
after  entered  into  the  establishment  of 
the  Trommer  Extract  of  Malt  Works  at 
Fremont.  Ohio.  Being  possessed  of  a 
kind,  sympathetic  and  generous  nature,  he 
has  won  a  high  place  in  the  esteem  of 
those  with  whom  his    professional    rela- 



tions  have  brought  him  in  contact.  Dr. 
Rice  has  for  some  years  taken  considera- 
ble interest  in  agricultural  pursuits,  having 
greatly  improved  and  reclaimed  a  large 
tract  of  land  by  means  of  a  steam-pump 
apparatus  used  to  remove  surface  water 
whenever  required.  He  aided  in  the  or- 
ganization of  the  Sandusky  County  Medi- 
cal Society,  of  which  he  has  been  secre- 
tary since  its  organization,  and  he  is  also 
a  member  of  the  Ohio  State  Medical  So- 
ciety, and  of  the  American  Medical  Asso- 
ciation. He  has  been  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  Fraternity  for  nearly  thirty  years, 
and  has  repeatedly  served  as  presiding 
officer  of  that  body.  Dr.  Robert  H.  Rice 
was  married  June  14,  1865,  to  Miss  Cyn- 
thia J.  Fry,  daughter  of  Henry  and  Abi- 
gail (Rideout)  Fry,  and  their  children  are: 
Henry  C,  Anna  and  Ada. 

William  A.  Rice  was  born  in  Lower 
Sandusky  (now  Fremont),  Ohio,  July  31, 
1829,  a  son  of  Dr.  Robert  S.  and  Eliza 
Ann  (Caldwell)  Rice,  who  were  among 
the  early  pioneers  of  Sandusky  county. 
Nearly  all  his  life  was  spent  in  Fremont, 
Ohio,  where  he  was  widely  known  and 
universally  respected.  For  twenty-five 
years  he  was  one  of  the  leading  dry- 
goods  merchants  of  that  city,  retiring 
from  business  in  1883.  He  was  a  member 
of  the  Protestant  Methodist  Church,  an 
unostentatious  and  consistent  Christian. 
Socially  he  was  a  member  of  Croghan 
Lodge  I.  O.  O.  F. ,  for  thirty  years,  and 
a  member  of  Fremont  Lodge  K.  of  H. 
He  was  a  successful  businessman,  a  pub- 
lic-spirited citizen,  a  loving  husband, 
father  and  friend.  He  died  at  Fremont, 
Ohio,  April  24,  1893.  On  October  8, 
1858,  William  A.  Rice  married  Miss 
Juliet  M.  Moore,  of  Ballville  township, 
by  whom  he  has  four  children,  two  of 
whom  are  deceased.  A  son,  Dr.  James 
M.  Rice,  lives  with  his  mother  on  the 
farm  homestead,  and  a  daughter,  Mrs. 
Hattie  E.  Bates,  resides  in  Illinois. 

James  M.  Rice,  M.  D.,  was  born 
November   5,     1859,    at   Fremont,  Ohio, 

a  son  of  William  A.  and  Juliet  M. 
(Moore)  Rice.  His  boyhood  and  youth 
were  spent  at  the  Fremont  city  schools, 
helping  his  father  in  his  dry-goods  store, 
or  working  with  other  hands  on  his 
father's  farm  near  the  city.  In  the  years 
1879-80-81,  he  attended  achool  at  the 
Adrian  (Michigan)  College,  and,  returning 
to  Fremont,  studied  medicine  with  his 
uncle.  Dr.  J.  B.  Rice,  about  one  year, 
after  which  he  attended  the  Ohio  Medical 
College,  at  Cincinnati,  one  year,  and  then 
took  a  course  in  the  Medical  Department 
of  the  University  of  Louisville,  Ky. , 
from  which  he  graduated,  March  13, 
1894.  Shortly  after  this  he  opened  an 
office  for  the  practice  of  medicine,  in  the 
same  room  formerly  occupied  by  Dr.  J. 
B.  Rice,  opposite  the  City  Hall,  in  Fre- 
mont, Ohio. 

LORENZO  DICK,  the  popular  ex- 
sheriff  of  Sandusky  county,  was 
born  in  Erie  county,  N.  Y. ,  May 
15,  1838,  a  son  of  Jacob  and 
Catharine  (Vogel)  Dick,  who  were  natives 
of  Lorraine,  France,  married  there,  and 
emigrated  to  America,  locating  in  Erie 
county,  N.  Y. ,  where  the  father  died  at 
the  age  of  forty,  and  the  mother  when 
eighty  years  old. 

Our  subject  grew  up  in  Erie  county, 
N.  Y. ,  and  there  learned  the  trade  of 
cabinet-maker.  In  1858  he  removed  to 
Fremont,  Ohio,  where  he  followed  his 
trade  for  several  years  with  success.  At 
the  outbreak  of  the  Civil  war  he  enlisted, 
at  Fremont,  Ohio,  October  15,  1861,  in 
Company  H,  Seventy-second  Regiment, 
O.  V.  I.  The  regiment  was  assigned  to 
the  first  brigade,  first  division.  Fifteenth 
Army  Corps.  Mr.  Dick  was  elected  or- 
derly sergeant  by  the  men  of  his  company, 
November  18,  1861.  He  veteranized 
Januar}'  i,  1864,  at  Germantown,  Tenn., 
entering  the  same  company  as  first  lieu- 
tenant. He  had  been  commissioned 
second  lieutenant,  April  6,  1862,   at  the 



battle  of  Shiloh,  for  meritorious  conduct. 
He  participatcii  in  the  battles  of  Shiloh, 
siege  of  Corinth,  Champion  Hills,  Jack- 
son, Black  River,  the  siege  of  Vicksburg. 
and  numerous  other  engagements.  The 
first  move  of  the  regiment  after  veteran- 
izing was  to  Fadiicah,  Ky..  where  they 
drove  out  the  enemy,  and  then  to  Mem- 
phis, Tenn.  They  soon  after  started  on 
the  Guntown  expedition,  and  here  they 
encountered  the  enemy,  who  had  their 
lines  drawn  up  in  the  shape  of  a  horse- 
shoe, and  into  this  trap  the  Union  boys 
were  led.  Lieut.  Dick  and  about  thirty 
men  of  his  company  were  taken  prisoners, 
andwere  first  sent  to  Andersonville,  whence 
Lieut.  Dick  was  sent  to  Macon,  Ga. , 
where  he  reinained  until  the  first  of  Sep- 
tember. While  in  prison,  Mr.  Dick  was 
commissioned  captain,  but  did  not  know 
of  the  promotion  until  he  reached  home. 
He  was  sent  to  Charleston,  S.  C.,  as 
prisoner,  and  placed  in  a  building  called 
the  "Workhouse,"  which  was  under  fire 
from  the  Union  guns.  At  the  end  of  three 
weeks  he  was  sent  to  Columbia,  S.  C, 
thence  to  Raleigh,  N.  C. ,  thence  to  Wil- 
mington, N.  C,  thence  to  Annapolis, 
Md.,  where  they  were  paroled  and  sent 
home  on  thirty  days'  furlough.  Owing  to 
severe  exposure  in  the  field  and  privations 
during  his  prison  life,  Mr.  Dick  contracted 
rheumatism  and  other  physical  disabili- 
ties. He  was  honorably  discharged.  May 
15,  1865. 

For  some  years  past  Mr.  Dick  has 
been  engaged  in  the  restaurant  and  grocery 
business  in  Fremont,  receiving  a  liberal 
patronage.  He  was  nominated  for  coun- 
ty sheriff  by  the  regular  Democratic  cau- 
cus, and  elected  in  1889;  served  two 
terms,  his  last  one  expiring.  January  i, 
1894.  At  the  spring  election  held  on  the 
first  Nfonday  in  April,  1895,  Mr.  Dick 
was  elected  mayor  of  the  city  of  Fremont, 
Ohio,  which  position  he  now  holds.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Eugene  Rawson  Post, 
No.  32,  G.  A.  R. ,  of  which  he  has  re- 
cently been  elected  commander.      He  has 

for  many  years  been  a  member  of  Fort 
Stephenson  Lodge,  F.  &  A.  M.,  is  a 
member  of  Humbolt  Loilge,  K.  of  H., 
and  of  the  German  Mutual  Aid  Society. 
At  Fremont,  Ohio,  April  4,  1864, 
Lorenzo  Dick  married  Miss  Catharine 
licnchler,  who  was  born  in  Germany, 
September  27,  1841,  a  daughter  of  John 
and  Mary  (Eisenhart)  Renchler.  The 
names  and  dates  of  birth  of  the  children 
born  to  this  union  are  as  follows:  Lo- 
renzo, Jr.,  January  9,  1865,  died  January 
24,  1873;  Charles  F.,  October  25,  1866. 
died  at  the  age  of  twenty-seven  years; 
Jacob,  May  9,  1S69;  Katie,  August  6, 
1872;  George,  March  4,  1876;  Gertrude, 
December  12,  1882,  died  in  infancy. 


i:ORGE  SLESSMAN.  .sheriff  of 
Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  was  born 
June  27,  1853,  in  Adams  town- 
ship. Seneca  Co.,  Ohio,  a  son  of 
John  M.  and  Mary  (Freymoth)  Slessman, 
natives  of  Germany,  who  came  to  America 
when  young,  and  after  their  marriage, 
which  took  place  in  Huron  county,  Ohio, 
settled  on  a  farm  in  Seneca  county, 
which  they  made  their  permanent  resi- 

The  father  of  our  subject  was  born  in 
1806.  By  trade  he  was  a  wagonmaker, 
but  he  followed  farming  in  Seneca  county, 
and  died  in  1862;  the  mother  is  still  living 
on  the  old  Slessman  homestead,  six  miles 
south  of  Clyde.  They  were  the  parents 
of  eight  children,  four  of  whom  are  living, 
namely:  Barbara,  deceased  wife  of  Charles 
Drumm,  a  farmer  of  lirie  county,  Ohio, 
who  had  two  children,  one  living.  Lizzie, 
and  one  deceased;  John,  a  farmer,  who 
married  Phyan  Peters,  of  Seneca  county, 
and  had  seven  children;  Catharine,  who 
died  in  1885,  and  who  was  the  wife  of 
Jacob  Trott,  a  farmer  of  Seneca  county, 
by  whom  she  had  five  children;  Mary, 
who  married  Samuel  Swartz,  a  farmer 
I  of  York  township,  Sandusky  county;  Mar- 
I  garet,    who    married    Herman    Baker,    a 



farmer  of  Seneca  county,  and  had  five 
children  (he  died  in  1894);  Samuel,  who 
died  in  childhood;  Henry,  who  died  in 
childhood;   and  George,  our  subject. 

George  Slessman  grew  to  manhood  on 
his  father's  farm,  and  attended  the  public 
schools.  In  1872  he  married  Miss  Clara 
E.  Whiteman,  who  was  born  October  16, 
1852,  a  daughter  of  A.  G.  and  Mary 
(Myers)  Whiteman.  A.  G.  Whiteman 
was  born  in  Ohio,  August  25,  1808,  and 
died  February  8,  1869;  his  wife  was  born 
in  Virginia  February  8,  181 1,  and  died 
November  30,  1878.  He  was  a  Repub- 
lican, and  they  were  both  members  of  the 
Free-will  Baptist  Church.  Our  subject, 
after  marriage,  settled  on  the  Slessman 
homestead,  where  he  dealt  in  live  stock 
for  about  nine  years.  He  then  moved 
upon  a  farm  in  Sandusky  county,  one  mile 
south  of  Clyde,  where  he  engaged  in  farm- 
ing, also  buying  and  shipping  live  stock, 
and  running  a  meat-market  in  Clyde,  for 
about  eight  years.  He  then  sold  out  and 
went  into  the  grain  business  in  Clyde, 
with  which  he  is  still  connected. 

Mr.  Slessman  has  for  some  years  been 
recognized  as  one  of  the  efficient  men  of 
the  Republican  party  of  Sandusky  county. 
In  November,  1893,  he  was  elected  to  the 
office  of  sheriff  of  the  county,  on  the  Re- 
publican ticket,  and  entered  upon  the  dis- 
charge of  his  official  duties  January  2, 
1894.  He  has  an  honorable  standing  in 
society  circles,  being  a  member  of  the 
Knights  of  Honor,  Royal  Arcanum  and 
Knights  of  Pythias.  In  religious  connec- 
tion he  is  a  member  of  the  Lutheran 
Church.  To  George  and  Clara  Slessman 
were  born  children  as  follows:  Lena, 
Allen,  Martin,  Frank,  Mary,  and  two  who 
died  in  childhood — Charlie  and  Leta. 

Among  the   honored  pioneer  citi- 
zens of  Fremont,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, the  more   prominent  of  whom 
find  place  in  this  volume,    none  enjoys  to 

a  greater  extent  the  confidence  and  es- 
teem of  the  community  at  large  than  the 
gentleman  whose  name  is  here  recorded. 
He  is  a  native  of  Seneca  county, 
Ohio,  born  February  28,  1836,  of  Penn- 
sylvanian  ancestry,  proverbial  for  their 
healthy  vigor  and  traditional  probity  and 
virtue.  Daniel  Loudensleger,  his  father, 
was  of  Union-county  (Penn.)  birth,  where 
he  was  reared  to  manhood  and  married  to 
a  Miss  Barger.  In  1831  he  and  his  young 
wife  moved  to  Seneca  county,  Ohio,  lo- 
cating in  Flat  Rock,  Thompson  town- 
ship, until  1844,  in  which  year  they  came 
to  Sandusky  county,  making  a  new  home 
in  York  township,  with  by  no  means 
favorable  prospects,  having  a  large  and 
helpless  family  of  children  to  support. 
For  several  years  Mr.  Loudensleger  main- 
tained them  by  renting  farms,  which  he 
worked;  but  as  the  children  grew  up  to 
usefulness,  they  prevailed  on  their  father 
to  purchase  a  farm  (which  he  didj,  the 
boys  promising  to  remain  at  home,  and 
assist  in  the  clearing  up  and  improving  of 
same — and  it  was  in  the  performance  of 
this  duty  that  our  subject  learned  his  first 
lessons  of  industry  and  privation.  Ac- 
cordingly, with  the  assistance  of  the  sons, 
the  father  paid  for  and  improved  his 
farm,  which,  in  1863,  he  sold,  removing 
then  to  Monroe  county,  Mich.,  where,  on 
a  farm,  he  passed  the  rest  of  his  days, 
dying  February  28,  1881.  In  his  polit- 
ical sympathies  he  was  a  Jacksonian 
Democrat,  and  in  religious  faith  he  was 
an  adherent  of  the  Evangelical  (formerly 
known  as  the  Albright;  Church.  His 
wife,  who  was  also  of  Pennslyvania  birth, 
born  in  the  same  locality  as  he,  passed 
from  earth  in  Sandusky  county,  when  the 
subject  of  these  lines  was  a  fourteen- 
year-old  boy.  They  were  the  parents  of 
ten  children,  of  whom  the  following  brief 
mention  is  given:  Mary  Ann  married 
John  Brand,  and  now  lives  in  Columbia 
City,  'Ind. ;  George  is  a  farmer  and  stock 
raiser  at  Blue  Hill,  Neb. ;  Edward  is  the 
subject  of  this   sketch;  Lovina    married 



(J.  ^^^'^ci^ls^Ci^ 




Daniel  Wagner;  William  was  a  farmer 
until  recent  years,  and  is  now  in  the  prod- 
uce business  at  Kockwood,  Mich.;  Ar- 
niinda  married  a  Mr.  Boycr.  and  is  liv- 
ing near  Delta,  Ohio. ;  Matilda  died  at 
the  age  of  eif^hteen  years;  Franklin,  a 
painter  by  occupation,  resides  in  Churu- 
busco,  Ind. ;  two  died  in  infancy.  For 
some  years  after  the  death  of  the  mother 
of  these,  and  until  after  the  marriage  of 
his  eldest  daughter,  Mr.  Loudensleger  re- 
mained a  widower,  and  he  then  married 
a  widow  lady,  Mrs.  Wagner,  by  whom  he 
had  four  children,  vi/. :  Daniel,  who  lives 
on  the  old  homestead  in  Michigan;  Charles 
Wesley,  who  resides  in  the  same  lo- 
cality; Allen,  a  minister  of  the  United 
Brethren  Church,  and  living  n6ar  his 
brothers;  the  youngest  chiKi  died  when 
five  years  old. 

The  education  of  the  subject  proper 
of  this  article  was  limited  to  such  as  was 
acquired  at  the  common  schools  of  his 
boyhood,  consisting  of  three  months'  at- 
tendance in  the  winter  seasons,  many  of 
the  scholars,  our  sul>ject  included,  having 
to  travel  long  distances  through  frozen 
swamps,  and  cross  running  streams  by 
jumping  from  one  chance-fallen  tree  to 
another;  yet,  notwithstanding  all  these 
difficulties  and  obstacles,  the  lad  succeed- 
ed, by  natural  acumen  and  persistent 
study,  in  securing  sufficient  education  to 
enable  him  to  teach  in  the  public  schools 
of  the  county.  .As  an  illustration  of  his 
fidelity  to  his  parents  and  home,  it  is 
worthy  of  record  that  the  salary  he  earned 
during  his  first  term  of  school  he  freely 
ami  filially  han<led  over  to  his  father.  In 
1S4.S  Mr.  Loudensleger  saw  I'remont  for 
the  first  time,  and  he  well  remembers  it 
as  an  essentially  "wooden  town,  "  com- 
posed for  the  most  part  f)f  small  impainted 
frame  buildings;  and  little  did  he  then 
dream  that  he  would  ever  see  the  place 
in  its  present  advanced  condition,  nuich 
less  that  he  himself  would  play  such  an 
important  part  in  its  development  and 
progress  as  the  tide  of  time  has  proven. 

On  November  33.  1861.  he  enlisted  in 
Company  A,  Seventy-second  Regiment 
O.  \.  I.,  which  was  attached  to  the  army 
of  the  Tennessee,  and  the  first  battle  he 
took  part  in  was  Shiloh.  or  Pittsburg 
Landing.  April  6  -7.  1S62,  after  which  the 
regiment  participated  in  the  siege  of 
Corinth,  and  was  then  stationed  at  Mem- 
phis, Tenn..  where  it  lay  till  the  fall  of  iSfo. 
It  was  then  ordered  to  V'icksburg.  but  our 
subject,  being  invalided  in  the  hospital, 
could  not  accompany  it.  and  as  a  conse- 
quence was  placed  on  detached  duty  in 
the  Commissary  Department,  in  which  he 
served  until  mustered  out  of  the  army  at 
Columbus.  Ohio,  December  13,  1864,  the 
term  of  his  enlistment  having  expired. 

Mr.  Loudensleger's  domestic  history, 
sad,  it  is  true,  in  some  particulars,  has 
been  strongly  interwoven  with  his  life, 
which  has  always  been  pacific  in  the  ex- 
treme, and  which  has  been  made  the 
more  noble  by  many  self-sacrifices.  He 
1  has  been  thrice  married:  first  time,  in 
1  1856,  to  Miss  Kmma  Bellows,  a  native  of 
New  York  State,  who  died  in  1859.  the 
mother  of  one  child,  Frances  E. ,  now 
the  wife  of  Frank  J.  Tuttle,  an  attorney 
at  law  of  Fremont,  Ohio  (she  has  two 
children:  Howard  and  Florence).  Mr. 
Loudensleger's  second  marriage,  which 
occurred  after  his  enlistment  in  the  army, 
was  with  Mrs.  Mary  Jane  Stevenson,  «<V 
Stahl,  who  unfortunately  was  soon  griev- 
ously stricken  with  consumption,  and 
during  her  husband's  absence  with  his 
regiment  was  well  nigh  at  the  point  of 
I  death.  Obtaining  a  furlough,  Mr.  Lou- 
densleger returned  hoenc  and  took  his 
wife  back  with  him  to  Memphis,  Tenn  , 
where  she  remained  a  couple  of  winters, 
her  health  thereby  improving  to  such  an 
extent  that  she  became  a  much  stronger 
woman  than  she  had  been  for  several 
years.  When  her  husband  received  his 
discharge  they  returned  to  Memphis, 
Tenn..  for  the  winter,  then  coming  north 
to  Fremont,  and  Mr.  Loudensleger,  hav- 
ing    n«)    special    vocation,    concluded    to 



purchase  a  lot  whereon  to  build  a  home, 
later  to  look  around  him  for  some  suita- 
ble business  in  which  to  engage.  The 
residence  he  built,  and  the  good  taste  he 
exhibited  in  the  beautifying  of  it,  etc., 
attracted  such  general  attention  that  he 
soon  received  many  offers  from  bidders 
for  the  property  at  advanced  prices.  Sell- 
ing this  house  and  lot  accordingly,  he 
proceeded  in  the  same  way  with  a  second 
and  even  third  residence,  before  he  moved 
into  any  as  a  permanent  home  for  him- 
self and  family;  thus  in  this  unexpected 
manner  was  laid  the  foundation  of  his 
future  vast  real-estate  business  in  Fre- 
mont, where  for  years  he  has  been  recog- 
nized as  one  of  the  leading  dealers  and 
improvers  of  city  property.  The  hand- 
some block  which  bears  his  name,  erected 
in  1888,  and  situated  in  the  business 
center  of  Fremont,  is  acknowledged  to  be 
one  of  the  finest  in  the  city,  and  he  still 
owns  and  deals  in  a  considerable  amount 
of  property. 

A  short  time  after  their  return  to  Fre- 
mont from  Memphis  Mrs.  Loudensleger's 
health  again  gave  way,  and  Mr.  Louden- 
sleger  subsequently  made  many  trips  with 
her  to  the  balmy  South,  sometimes  at 
heavy  expense,  being  absent  from  home 
and  business  entire  seasons;  but  he  never 
complained,  and  when  his  wife  at  last, 
in  1874,  succumbed  to  the  dread  disease 
that  clung  so  cruelly  and  tenaciously  to 
her,  he  had  left  at  the  least  the  conscious- 
ness of  having  done  for  her  all  that  lay 
in  human  power.  He  started  anew,  a 
poorer  man  than  when  he  came  home 
from  tne  war,  and  entered  with  renewed 
vigor  and  resolution  into  the  insurance  and 
real-estate  businesses.  His  third  wife,  a 
sister  to  his  second,  was  Mrs.  Nina  A.  Mil- 
ler, who,  by  her  first  husband,  had  a  son, 
Isaac  T.  Miller,  whom  Mr.  Loudensleger 
reared  as  his  own;  he  is  now  deputy 
postmaster  under  his  stepfather,  and  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Libbie  Setzler,  by  whom  he 
has  one  child,  William.  By  his  present 
wife  Mr.  Loudensleger  has  one  daus^hter. 

Nellie,  who  is  in  her  seventeenth  year, 
and  now  attending  Lake  Erie  Seminary, 
at  Painesville,  Ohio. 

Mr.  Loudensleger  has  filled  many  po- 
sitions of  trust  in  his  city,  and  is  highly 
esteemed  in  business  and  social  circles  for 
his  sound  judgment  and  unquestioned  in- 
tegrity. In  1875  he  was  chosen  one  of 
the  trustees  of  Oakwood  Cemetery,  in 
1878  was  elected  secretary  of  same,  and 
has  served  in  that  incumbency  ever  since. 
His  associate  trustees  were  Gen.  R.  B. 
Hayes,  Stephen  Buckland,  C.  R.  McCul- 
loch  and  Dr.  L.  Q.  Rawson.  In  his  polit- 
ical affiliations  he  has  always  been  active- 
ly identified  with  the  Republican  party, 
and  his  influence  therein  has  ever  been 
felt  for  good.  In  1880  he  was  elected  a 
member  of  the  city  council,  and  in  the 
second  year  of  his  term  was  chosen  pres- 
ident of  the  same.  At  that  time  the 
mayor  in  office  died,  only  one  month  of 
his  term  having  expired,  and  the  council 
chose  Mr.  Loudensleger  to  fill  the  vacant 
chair,  into  which  he  was  accordingly  in- 
stalled. He  pursued  the  course  repre- 
sented by  the  policy  on  which  his  prede- 
cessor had  been  elected,  a  polic}'  known 
in  the  main  as  the  "  Law  and  Order" 
movement,  and  his  administration  was 
remarkable  for  the  stand  he  took  against 
the  saloons,  many  of  them  being  so  ob- 
trusively open  on  Sundays  that  he  issued 
a  proclamation  to  the  effect  that  all  such 
establishments  should  be  closed  on  the 
Sabbath.  This  proclamation  was  re- 
spected, and  to  all  intents  and  purposes 
its  requirements  were  complied  with  under 
Mr.  Loudensleger's  wise  jurisdiction;  but 
as  soon  as  he  retired  from  office  some  of 
the  saloons  were  again  thrown  open.  He 
also  caused  the  cit}'  to  be  purged  of  all 
manner  of  "fakirs"  et  hoc  genus  otniie, 
thereby  protecting  not  only  the  merchants 
but  the  citizens  in  general. 

On  September  19,  1881,  occurred  the 
death  of  President  James  A.  Garfield,  the 
funeral  on  the  26th,  and  Mayor  Louden- 
sleger issued  the  following  proclamation: 



Concurring-  with  Hon.  Charles  Foster,  Gov- 
ernor of  Ohio,  in  his  suK'trestions  to  the  jwoplc 
of  Ohio,  and  in  view  of  the  deep  .solemnity  of 
the  occasion,  and  as  a  most  deserved  and  liltinp 
act  of  resjiect  to  tlie  memory  of  onr  !anientcd 
President.  I  would  resi)ect fully  suis'jrest  to  the 
citizens  of  Fremont  that  upon  Monday,  the  26th 
inst.,  all  business  pursuits  be  suspended,  also 
that  memorial  services  be  held  next  Sunday  in 
the  city  churches,  and  that  the  hells  in  the  city 
l>e  tolled  duriuK^  the  last  hour  (11  to  12  o'clock) 
of  the  solemn  funeral  rites,  on  Mt)nday. 

Of  this  the  following  acknowledge- 
ments were  received  from  James  G. 
Blaine,  Secretary  of  State  at  the  time; 
By  telegram  September  2  2,  i88i,  "To 
Hon.  E.  Loudcnsleger:  In  the  name  of 
the  sorrowing,  family  of  onr  beloved 
President  of  the  Government  I  tender 
heartfelt  acknowledgements  of  your  touch- 
ing tribute  of  the  love  and  sorrow  of  the 
people  of  Fremont. — James  G.  Blaine, 
Sec'y  of  State."  Also  by  letter  dated 
Department  of  State,  Washington,  Octo- 
ber 13,   iSSi : 

Hi.>i  Honor,  G.  Loudensle^er, 

Mavor  of  Fremont,  Ohio: 

It  affords  me  sincere,  although  mournful, 
gratification  to  make  feeling;  ,icknowledjfe- 
mcnt,  in  the  name  of  the  late  President  (Jar- 
field's  prief-stricken  family,  of  the  many 
heartfelt  tributes  of  sorrow  for  our  common 
loss,  and  of  admiration  for  the  hiRh  character 
of  the  revered  dead,  which  come  to  them  and 
the  American  (Jovernment  and  j>cople  in  this 
hour  of  deep  aHliction  from  every  part  of  the 
Union,  and  especially  for  the  touchinp  notifi- 
cation of  the  President's  death,  made  by  you 
to  the  citizens  of  p'remont  on  the  23d  ultimo,  a 
copy  of  which  I  have  received. 

I  have  the  honor  to  be.  Sir,  your  obt,  ser- 

James  G.  Bi.aine. 

In  1 888  Mr.  Loudensleger  was  induced 
to  allow  himself  to  be  nominated  for  the 
mayoralty  by  the  "Law  and  Order" 
party,  Viut  at  the  primaries  the  opposition 
to  that  party  proved  too  strong.  To  his 
position  of  postmaster,  as,  in  fact,  to  all 
other  offices  he  has  held,  he  was  appointed 
without  any  solicitation  on  his  part,  and 
ho  has  tilled  san)e  with  characteristic 
ability  and  hdelity  from  1891,  the  year  of 
his  appointment  by  President  Harrison, 
to    1895,   the   affairs  of  the   office  never 

having  been  more  satisfactorily  conducted 
in  the  history  of  Fremont;  and  Mr.  Lou- 
densleger ascribes  much  of  the  success  of 
the  department  to  his  stepson,  Isaac 
Tickner  Miller,  who,  as  already  stated, 
was  assistant  postmaster  under  him. 

In  religious  faith  our  subject  is  an  ad- 
herent of  the  Presbyterian  Church,  of 
which  he  is  a  trustee,  having  been  elected 
to  that  office  in  1867;  and  he  has  been  an 
elder  of  the  same  for  about  ten  years. 
He  was  a  charter  member  of  Eugene 
Rawson  Post,  G.  A.  R.,  and  is  now  a 
member  of  Moore  Post,  of  which  he  was 
also  a  charter  member.  He  is  the  owner 
of  one  of  the  most  attractive  and  pleasant 
residence  properties  in  Fremont,  adjoin- 
ing that  of  the  family  of  the  late  President 

ANSON  H.  MILLER,  banker,  of 
I'Vcmont,  Sandusky  county,  was 
born  at  Hinsdale,  N.  H.,  May  2. 
1824.  His  father,  John  Miller, 
was  a  descendant  of  Nathan  Douglas, 
whose  property  was  destroyed  by  the 
burning  of  New  London,  Conn.,  by  the 
British,  during  the  Revolutionary  war, 
and  to  whose  heirs  was  granted  a  portion 
of  the  "  I-'irelands,"  in  New  London 
township,  Huron  Co.,  Ohio.  John  Mil- 
ler, by  inheritance  and  purchase,  came 
into  possession  of  a  large  tract  of  these 
"Firelands,"  and  in  1825  he  removed 
with  his  family  to  Norwalk,  Ohio,  set- 
tling o\\  the  lands  in  New  London  in 
1839.  His  children  were  Celemene, 
John.  .Anson  H.,  Thomas  D. ,  and  Eliza- 
beth D. — five  in  all — of  whom  John  and 
Thomas  D.  are  tieceasetl. 

During  the  residence  of  the  family  in 
Norwalk  Anson  H.  Miller  attended  the 
seminary  at  that  place,  and  during  the 
year  1845  continued  his  studies  at  Milan 
Academy.  In  1847  he  entered  the  em- 
ploy of  Prague  &  Sherman,  lumber  deal- 
ers at  New  Orleans,  remained  there  about 
fourteen  months,  and   after  his  return  in 



1848  was  engaged  in  farming  on  the  New 
London  lands  until  1S52,  when  he  took  a 
course  of  study  in  the  Br}'ant,  Lusk  & 
Stratton  Commercial  College,  at  Cleve- 
land, after  which  he  accepted  a  position  as 
bookkeeper  in  the  office  of  the  treasurer 
(Dr.  William  F.  Kittrege)  of  the  Toledo, 
Norwalk  &  Cleveland  railroad,  which  he 
held  about  two  years.  In  1854  he  was 
offered  the  position  of  cashier  of  the 
banking  firm  of  Birchard  &  Otis,  Fre- 
mont, Ohio,  made  vacant  by  the  resigna- 
tion of  Rev.  F.  S.  White.  He  accepted 
the  offer,  and  coming  to  Fremont  August 
2,  1854,  entered  at  once  upon  the  duties 
of  the  position.  Judge  Otis,  being  about 
to  move  to  Chicago,  retired  from  the  firm 
of  Birchard  &  Otis,  and  on  the  first  day 
of  January,  1856,  Mr.  Miller  became  a 
partner  with  Mr.  Birchard,  under  the 
firm  name  of  Birchard,  Miller  &  Co.  One 
year  later  Dr.  James  W^  Wilson  came 
into  the  bank  as  partner,  the  firm  con- 
tinuing under  the  name  of  Birchard, 
Miller  &  Co.  They  occupied  a  small, 
one-story  brick  building  on  the  east  side 
of  Front  street,  between  Croghan  and 
State,  and  the  bank  did  a  good  business 
and  prospered,  without  further  change, 
until  1863,  when  it  was  merged  into  the 
First  National  Bank  of  Fremont,  with  a 
paid-up  capital  of  $100,000,  and  an  au- 
thorized capital  of  $200,000.  This  bank 
was  the  fifth  National  bank  organized  in 
the  United  States.  The  articles  of  asso- 
ciation were  signed  by  Sardis  Birchard, 
James  W.  Wilson,  Anson  H.  Miller, 
James  Justice,  R.  W.  B.  McLellan,  Jane 
E.  Phelps,  La  Ouinio  Rawson,  Martin 
Bruner,  Robert  Smith,  Abraham  NefT  and 
Augustus  W.  Luckey.  The  first  board 
of  directors  was  elected  May  27,  1863, 
and  consisted  of  Messrs.  Birchard,  Wil- 
son, Justice,  Bruner,  Smith,  Luckey 
and  Miller.  The  first  officers  of  the 
board  were  Sardis  Birchard,  president; 
James  W.  Wilson,  vice-president;  and  A. 
H.  Miller,  cashier. 

At  the  time  the  old  bank  wns  merged 

into  the  First  National,  Mr.  Miller,  with 
the  help  of  a  young  clerk,  did  all  the 
routine  work  of  the  bank,  which  now  re- 
quires six  experienced  men.  The  bank 
occupies  the  ground  floor  of  its  fine  three- 
story  block,  with  Amherst  stone  front, 
erected  by  the  stockholders,  on  the  south- 
west corner  of  Front  and  Croghan  streets, 
Fremont.  Mr.  Miller  still  holds  the  po- 
sition of  cashier.  There  were  five  pioneer 
National  banks  organized  in  1863  in  the 
United  States,  and^Mr.  Miller  and  Mor- 
ton McMichael,  of  the  First  National 
Bank  of  Philadelphia,  are  the  only  men 
still  living  who  are  occupying  the  same 
positions  in  the  same  banks  that  they  did 
at  the  beginning. 

In  March,  1854,  Mr.  Miller  married 
Miss  Nancy  J.  Otis,  daughter  of  Joseph 
and  Nancy  B.  Otis,  of  Berlin,  Ohio,  and 
children  as  follows  came  to  their  union: 
Mary  O.,  born  April  11,  1856,  who  was 
married  October  3,  1S94,  to  Samuel 
Brinkerhoff,  an  attorney  at  law,  of  Fre- 
mont, Ohio;  Fannie  B.,  born  June  15, 
i860,  who  married  Thomas  J.  Stilwell, 
and  who  died  April  4,  1887;  and  Julia 
E.,  born  March  27,  1865,  who  died 
March  2,  1884. 

WV.  B.  AMES,  M.  D.,  a  practic- 
ing physician  of  Fremont,  San- 
dusky county,  was  born  in  Hu- 
ron   county,    Ohio,    in    1821,    a 
son  of  Jason  C.  and  Sarah  Ann   (Moore) 
Ames,  the  former  born    in   New    Haven, 
Conn.,  the  latter  in  New  York. 

The  parents  of  our  subject  each  re- 
moved in  pioneer  days  to  Huron  county, 
Ohio,  where  they  were  married,  and 
where  the  father  followed  the  trade  of 
shoemaker  in  connection  with  farming. 
They  had  a  family  of  seven  children,  of 
whom  five  are  now  living:  W.  V.  B., 
our  subject;  Cynthia,  wife  of  D.  F.  Web- 
ber, of  Charlotte,  Eaton  Co.,  Mich.; 
Emeline,  widow  of  Smith  Bodine,  of 
Charlotte,    Eaton    Co.,   Mich.,    who   en- 



listed  from  Plymouth,  Huron  Co.,  Ohio, 
as  a  soldier  in  the  Civil  war,  and  died  in 
Libby  prison ;  George  W. ,  who  resides 
at  Sacramento  City,  Cal. ;  Aufjeline, 
wi<low  of  James  Steele,  of  Charlotte, 
Mich.,  who  died  in  1S93;  Catharine, 
widow  of  Mr.  Lewis  Garsey,  of  L'kiah, 
Mendocino  Co.,  Cal.,  and  Edward,  who 
resides  at  Ukiah,  California. 

Dr.  Ames  was  reared  in  New  Haven 
township,  Huron  Co.,  Ohio,  and  was 
educated  in  the  public  schools  of  the 
Western  Reserve.  He  bepan  reading 
medicine  in  his  native  county,  and  com- 
menced practice  at  South  Bend,  Ind., 
where  he  remained  from  1845  to  1851. 
He  then  went  by  the  overland  route  to 
California,  locating  in  Yuba  county,  where 
he  prarticeil  medicine  about  four  years, 
having  been  engaged  in  mining  for  some 
time  priortothat.  Abouttheyear  1855  he 
returned  to  Seneca  county,  Ohio,  and 
thence,  in  1858,  moved  to  Fremont, 
where  he  has  since  been  engaged  in  the 
practice  of  his  profession.  He  was  mar- 
ried, in  Huron  county,  Ohio,  to  Miss 
Adaline  Harrington,  a  native  of  that 
county,  daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Betsey 
(Taylorj  Harrington,  who  were  early  pio- 
neers of  the  Western  Reserve,  having 
come  from  the  State  of  New  York.  The 
children  of  Dr.  and  .Adaline  Ames  were: 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  Evandor  Dunning,  of 
Eaton  county,  Mich.:  Alice,  wife  of 
Charles  A.  Norton,  of  Kansas  City,  Mo. ; 
William  V.  B.,  a  dentist  of  Chicago,  til.; 
and  Rose,  who  resides  at  home.  Mrs. 
Adaline  Ames  died  May  30,  i860,  and 
Dr.  Ames  subsequently  wedded  Miss 
Catharine  Strohl,  a  native  of  Sandusky 
county,  daughter  of  Peter  Strohl  'now  de- 
ceased), who  was  one  (jf  the  early  pioneers 
of  Ballville  township,  Sandusky  Co.. 
Ohio.  The  children  by  this  marriage 
are:  Nell,  Jane,  and  Frank.  I'rank 
Ames  married  Miss  Grace  Ford,  and  lives 
in  Sacramento,  California. 

Dr.  Ames  is  a  Republican  in  politics, 
but  not  a  partisan.      He  is  one  of  the  old- 

est and  most  successful  medical  prac- 
titioners of  Fremont,  having  built  up  a 
widely  e.xtended  and  lucrative  practice. 
He  owns  valuable  interests  in  Fremont 
and  vicinity,  and  a  fine  farm  in  California. 

JAMES  JUSTICE,  one  of  the  early 
pioneers  of  Sandusky  county,  and 
for  nearly  fifty  years  one  of  the  live 
business  men  of  flower  Sandusky 
(now  Fremont),  was  born  in  Bedford 
county,  Penn..  .August  18,  1794.  a  son  of 
William  and  Illeanor  (Umstedj  Justice, 
the  former  of  English,  and  the  latter  of 
German  ancestry. 

At  about  the  age  of  nine  years  our 
subject  removed  with  his  parents  to  Ross 
county,  Ohio,  near  Chillicothe.  where  he 
received  a  limited  rudimentary  education. 
Here  he  worked  for  a  time  at  the  busi- 
ness of  tanning  hides,  but  discontinued  it 
to  volunteer,  under  Gen.  William  H.  Har- 
rison, in  the  war  of  1812.  He  was  with 
Harrison  at  Fort  Seneca,  at  the  time  of 
the  battle  of  Fort  Stephenson,  August  2, 
18 1 3.  After  the  war  he  resided  at  Chilli- 
cothe, and  resumed  tanning.  Abf)ut  the 
year  1817  he  engaged  in  the  flat-boat 
trade  with  New  Orleans,  by  which  the 
early  settlers  along  the  Ohio  river  found  a 
market  for  their  bacon,  flour  and  whisky, 
in  e.xchange  for  sugar  and  other  groceries. 
In  this  trade  he  displayed  first-class  finan- 
cial talents,  and  accumulated  considerable 

On  October  12,  1820.  he  married 
Miss  Eli/a  Moore,  daughter  of  David 
Moore,  and  sister  to  John  and  James 
Moore,  two  well-known  citizens  of  Ball- 
ville, both  millers  and  manufacturers,  and 
both  wealthy  and  enterprising  men. 

In  the  month  of  September.  1822. Mr. 
Justice  removed  from  Ross  county  to 
Sandusky  county,  and  located  at  first  in 
Ballville  township.  His  manner  of  mov- 
ing was  decidedly  primitive,  he  placing 
his  wife  and  child  on  horseback  while  he 
journeyed    with    them    on    foot.      I'or    a 



time  after  his  arrival  at  Ballville  he  as- 
sisted his  father-in-law  in  running  his 
grist  and  saw  mill  at  that  place.  In  1S42 
he  removed  to  Lower  Sandusky,  and 
erected  a  tannery  on  the  north  side  of 
State  street,  at  the  foot  of  the  hill  on  the 
west  side  of  the  river.  With  the  tannery 
he  connected  the  business  of  harness 
making  and  shoe  making,  managing  only 
the  financial  department,  leaving  the 
manual  labor  to  expert  workmen  whom 
he  employed  in  the  different  shops.  About 
the  year  1847  he  turned  the  business  over 
to  his  son,  Milton  J.  Justice,  and  gave 
his  attention  to  investing  and  managing 
his  capital.  He  made  large  gains  by  buy- 
ing and  selling  lands,  sometimes  on  his 
own  account,  and  sometimes  in  partner- 
ship with  Rodolphus  Dickinson  and  Sardis 
Birchard.  He  took  a  prominent  part  in 
the  construction  of  the  Tifhn  and  Fostoria 
plank  roads.  When  the  Wyandot  res- 
ervation at  Upper  Sandusky  was  sold, 
and  the  Indians  removed  to  the  Far 
West,  Mr.  Justice  was  selected  by  the 
Government  as  appraiser  of  the  land,  on 
account  of  his  soundness  of  judgment  in 
matters  of  value. 

Shortly  after  coming  to  Lower  San- 
dusky Mr.  Justice  was  chosen,  by  the 
legislature  of  Ohio,  one  of  the  associate 
judges  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  of 
Sandusky  county,  which  office  he  filled 
with  singular  promptness  and  fidelity  for 
a  number  of  years,  under  the  first  consti- 
tution of  the  State.  For  a  period  of 
about  ten  years  he  discharged  gratuitously 
and  efficiently  the  duties  of  a  member  of 
the  board  of  education  of  the  city  of  Fre- 
mont, acting  most  of  the  time  as  treas- 
urer. He  was  also  mayor  of  the  village 
for  a  term.  In  the  summer  of  1859  Mr. 
Justice  was  chosen  one  of  the  jurors  in 
the  U.  S.  Court  at  Cleveland,  Ohio,  in 
the  famous  "  Wellington  Rescue  case,"  in 
which  thirty-seven  citizens  of  Oberlinand 
vicinit}'  were  prosecuted  and  imprisoned 
at  Cleveland,  Ohio,  for  recapturing  and 
assisting    to    freedom     a    runaway    slave 

He  left  a  large 

named  John  Price,  who  had  left  his  mas- 
ter in  Kentucky  to  escape  to  Canada,  and 
had  been  concealed  at  Oberlin,  where  he 
was  discovered  and  kidnaped  by  the  slave- 
hunters  who  were  on  the  return  to  the 
South  to  restore  him  to  his  master. 

When  the  First  National  Bank  of 
Fremont  was  organized,  in  1863,  Judge 
Justice  placed  some  capital  in  the  stock 
of  that  institution,  and  was  one  of  the 
first  board  of  directors;  and  he  held  this 
position  by  successive  re-elections  until 
his  death.  May  28,  1873. 
estate  to  his  wife  and  children. 

In  person  Judge  Justice  was  a  man  of 
impressive  presence  and  strong  magnetic 
power,  of  large  size,  weighing  over  two 
hundred  pounds,  with  light  hair  and  com- 
ple.xion,  blue  eyes,  and  full,  round  head 
and  face.  In  business  promptness  and 
integrity  no  citizen  surpassed  him.  His 
portraits,  drawn  by  his  son  Milton  with 
remarkable  accurac}',  may  be  seen  at  the 
First  National  Bank,  and  at  Birchard  Li- 
brar3^  presented  by  his  children. 

The  wife  of  Judge  Justice  was  born  in 
Huntingdon  county,  Penn.,  October  13, 
1800.  At  the  age  of  fourteen  years  she 
came  with  her  parents  to  Ross  county, 
Ohio.  Her  father,  David  Moore,  was  of 
full  Scotch  blood;  her  mother  was  born  in 
Pennsylvania.  The  child  Nancy,  which 
she  brought  with  her  on  horseback,  is  now 
the  wife  of  Dr.  James  W.  Wilson,  presi- 
dent of  the  First  National  Bank  of  Fre- 
mont. Their  way  was  through  an  almost 
unbroken  wilderness,  and  on  their  arrival 
here  they  lived  for  a  time  in  a  fisherman's 
shanty  until  their  own  log  cabin  was  fin- 
ished. Their  means  were  scanty,  and  for 
nine  months  she  never  saw  the  face  of 
another  white  woman — only  Indians,  and 
many  of  them  intoxicated.  Her  fireplace 
was  a  wall  of  stones  in  one  corner  of  the 
shanty,  above  which  was  an  opening  in 
the  roof  for  the  escape  of  smoke.  If  the 
rain  put  out  the  fire  she  would  go  to  the 
home  of  the  nearest  neighbor,  a  mile  and 
a  quarter  away,  to   get    live  coals  to  re- 



kindle  il.  Among  her  cooking  utensils 
was  a  Dutch-oven,  an  iron  shallow  kettle, 
with  an  iron  lid  or  cover,  in  which  all  her 
baking  was  done  by  setting  the  kettle 
over  coals  and  piling  coals  and  hot  ashes 
on  the  cover. 

Mrs.  Justice  survived  her  husband 
until  October  17,  1876,  when  she  died  at 
the  advanced  age  of  seventy-six  years. 
Their  chiMren  were:  Nancy  E.  Wilson 
(wife  of  Dr.  Jatnes  W.  Wilson),  Nfinerva 
li.  (relict  of  Hon.  Homer  Everett),  and 
Mrs.  S.  Eliza  Failing  (relict  of  Dr.  John 
W.  Failing),  all  now  residing  in  Fremont; 
Milton  J.  Justice,  a  resident  of  I-ucas 
county,  Ohio,  and  Granville  M.,  who  died 
at  Lower  Sandusky  at  the  age  of  sixteen 
years.  The  old  Justice  homestead  is 
still  occupied  by  Mrs.  Everett  and  Mrs. 
Failing,  who  cherish  the  memory  of  their 
parents,  and  preserve  with  scrupulous 
care  the  old-time  family  relics,  consisting 
of  household  furniture  and  pioneer-day 

was  born  May  27.  1837,  at  Fre-  1 
mont,  Ohio,  a  son  of    William 
and  Jane  A.  (Davis)   Caldwell, 
who   were  among    the   early    pioneers  of 
Sandusky  and  Ottawa  counties. 

Dr.  Caldwell  spent  his  early  life  in 
securing  a  liberal  education,  and  in  teach- 
ing school.  He  next  attended  Oberlin 
College  several  years,  and  acquired  his 
medical  knowledge  in  the  Medical  De- 
partment of  the  University  of  Michi- 
gan, in  Charity  Hospital  Medical  Col- 
lege, and  in  Bellevue  Hospital  Medical 
College.  New  York,  being  admitted  to 
practice  in  1862.  He  was  assistant  sur-  ' 
geon  of  the  Seventy-second  Regiment 
O.  \'.  I.,  and  served  from  April,  1863,  I 
until  January  4.  1865.  After  the  war  he 
!•  !  Michigan  for  the  practice  of  his 

1'  11.  in   June,    18S0.  taking  up   his 

residence  in  Fremont.  Ohio,  where  he  has 
since    met    with    flattering  success.      Ho 

has  been  a  member  of  the  Hoard  of 
I'nited  States  Examiners  for  Pensions,  is 
ex-president  of  the  Northwestern  Ohio 
Medical  Society,  vice-president  of  the 
Ohio  State  Medical  Society,  and  a  mem- 
ber of  the  American  Medical  Association, 
as  well  as  the  National  .Association  of 
Railroad  Surgeons.  He  has  also  for  a 
number  of  years  been  a  liberal  contributor 
to  several  medical  periodicals.  His  en- 
terprise is  not  confined  to  his  profe.ssion 
alone,  for  he  takes  a  deep  interest  in  the 
municipal  affairs  of  his  native  city.  So- 
cially he  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic 

On  January  15.  1S6.S,  Dr.  Caldwell 
was  married,  at  Byron.  Mich.,  to  Miss 
Arilla  Cook,  who  was  born  March  1 5. 
1848.  daughter  of  Horace  L.  and  Eliza- 
beth Cook.  Their  children  were:  Bessie 
C,  born  November  10,  1869.  died  August 
12,  1870;  Maud,  born  January  23,  1873, 
who,  after  attending  the  Fremont  City 
schools,  entered  upon  a  liberal  course  of 
study  in  the  University  of  Michigan;  and 
Robert  L. ,  born  October  2  r .   1881. 

William  Caldwell  was  born  De- 
cember 23.  1808,  near  Chillicothe.  Ohio. 
His  father  was  a  soldier  in  the  war  of 
1812,  and  was  at  Detroit  when  Gen. 
Hull  surrendered  his  army  to  the  British. 
In  1828  the  family  removed  to  Port  Clin- 
ton, and  four  years  later  William  Cald- 
well came  to  Fremont  (then  Lower  San- 
dusky). On  .August  14,  1836,  he  married 
Jane  .A.  Davis,  and  they  resided  at  Fre- 
mont until  1850.  when  Mr.  Caldwell 
Went  to  California,  remaining  in  that 
State  three  years,  and  on  his  return  set- 
tling in  Elmore,  Ottawa  county.  At  El- 
more he  served  for  eighteen  consecutive 
years  as  justice  of  the  peace,  and  was 
also  township  treasurer  and  a  member  of 
the  village  council  for  a  portion  of  the 
time.  In  1881  Mr.  Caldwell  was  elected 
probate  jtulge  of  Ottawa  county,  and 
moved  to  Port  Clinton;  he  was  re-elected 
in  1884. 

On    .August  14,   1886,  Judge  an«l  Mrs. 



Caldwell  celebrated  their  golden  wedding 
anniversary  at  the  home  of  their  son,  Dr. 
William  Caldwell,  at  Fremont,  Ohio, 
which  was  attended  by  many  distinguished 
guests  from  Fremont  and  Port  Clinton, 
and  at  which  they  were  the  recipients  of 
many  beautiful  and  valuable  presents, 
among  which  was  a  valuable  gold  watch 
for  the  Judge  from  the  courthouse  offi- 
cials of  Ottawa  county.  At  the  expira- 
tion of  his  term  of  office  Judge  Caldwell 
and  his  wife  moved  to  Fremont,  purchas- 
ing the  "  Dryfoos  House,"  on  South 
Front  street,  where,  on  September  9, 
189Q,  the  worthy  couple,  after  a  happy 
married  life  of  more  than  fifty-four  years, 
were  separated  by  the  death  of  Mrs.  Cald- 
well. They  were  the  parents  of  four 
children,  all  born  at  Fremont,  of  whom, 
Charles  died  in  1852  at  the  age  of  thir- 
teen; Robert.  H.  became  a  member  of 
the  Twenty-first  O.  V.  I.,  and  was  killed 
at  the  battle  of  Stone  River,  at  the  age  of 
twenty-two;  and  Dr.  William  and  Miss 
Juliet  Cladwell  are  still  living  in  Fremont, 
Ohio.  Judge  William  Caldwell  died  at  his 
home  No.  415  South  Front  street,  Fre- 
mont, on  May  14,   1892. 

The  subject  of  this  biographical 
sketch  is  a  prominent  attorney  of 
Fremont,  Ohio,  and  on  November 
5,  1895,  was  elected  one  of  the  common 
pleas  judges  of  the  Fourth  Judicial  Dis- 
trict of  Ohio,  comprising  the  counties  of 
Erie,  Huron,  Lucas,  Ottawa  and  San- 

He  is  a  son  of  the  late  Gen.  Ralph  P. 
Buckland,  and  was  born  in  Fremont, 
Ohio,  April  21,  1 85  I.  His  education  was 
gained  in  the  public  schools  of  his  native 
city,  the  preparatory  school  at  Gambier, 
Ohio,  a  like  school  at  East  Hampton, 
Mass.,  Cornell  University,  and  the  Law 
Department  of  Harvard  College.  He 
supplemented  his  school  studies  by  read- 
ing and  practicing   with    his   father,  until 

August  16,  1875,  when  he  was  admitted 
to  the  bar.  Shortly  afterward  father  and 
son  formed  a  partnership,  continuing  their 
practice  in  the  office  which  the  latter  still 
occupies  in  the  Buckland  block,  corner  of 
State  and  Front  streets.  George  Buck- 
land,  a  brother  of  the  Judge,  was  also  a 
member  of  the  firm  from  June  i,  1886, 
until  May  9,  1892,  when  he  withdrew, 
and  moved  to  Cincinnati,  Ohio.  After 
the  death  of  the  General,  which  occurred 
May  27,  1892,  H.  S.  Buckland  became 
his  father's  successor,  and  on  October 
19,  1892,  he  formed  a  partnership 
with  Mr.  D.  B.  Love,  which  still 
continues.  Judge  Buckland's  practice 
has  been  general  and  successful.  His 
knowledge  of  the  law,  his  sound  judicial 
mind,  and  his  fairness  and  integrity  at  the 
bar  and  as  referee  have  been  universally 
admired,  and  his  decisions  have  generally 
been  upheld. 

Judge  Buckland  is  engaged  in  various 
enterprises.  He  is  president  of  the 
Wickland  Mnfg.  Co.,  a  director  of  the 
H.  B.  Smith  Building  and  Loan  .Associa- 
tion, and  is  also  interested  in  other  indus- 
tries. Upon  the  death  of  Gen.  R.  B.  Hayes 
he  was  chosen  his  successor  as  a  director 
of  the  Birchard  Library  Association.  He 
is  an  enterprising  citizen,  always  ready 
with  his  means  and  influence  to  aid  in  the 
general  growth  and  prosperit}'  of  his  city 
and  county.  In  1884  he  organized  the 
Buckland  Guards,  a  local  volunteer  mili- 
tary organization,  which  has  attained  a 
national  reputation.  It  was  named  in 
honor  of  his  cousin,  Chester  A.  Buckland, 
a  young  man  who  died  during  the  Civil 
war  from  wounds  received  at  the  battle  of 
Shiloh.  Our  subject  remained  captain  of 
the  same  until  1891,  when  he  was  elected 
colonel  of  the  First  Regiment  S.  of  V. 
Guards.  In  1893  he  was  elected  com- 
mandant of  the  S.  of  V.  Guards  of  the  U. 
S.  A.,  with  the  rank  of  general,  and  as 
such  had  several  thousand  men,  fully 
armed  and  equipped  at  their  own  expense, 
and   well    drilled,    under    his    command. 

/vWve^fL-     ^      .'Ctc<  e.-A^^ae^^*^^— 



Updii  his  election  as  commandant  his 
re>,'iinfnt  would  not  acrc|)t  his  resifjnation, 
but  {javc  him  inJcHnitc  leave  of  absence; 
and  at  the  close  of  1894  he  resigned  as 
commandant  of  the  Guards  and  returned 
to  the  ref^inient.  In  1894.  while  sersiiif:; 
as  commandant  of  the  (iuards,  he  held 
two  fielil  encampments,  one  at  Daven- 
port. Iowa,  and  the  other  at  Pittsburf;, 
Penn.,  in  connection  with  the  G.  A.  K. 
encampment.  At  the  former  he  planned 
one  of  the  finest  sham  battles  ever  at- 
tempted, iri  which  the  Guards,  members 
of  theG.  A.  K.,  and  other  military  orf^an- 
izations,  participated.  His  regiment  has 
encamped  in  various  places,  viz. :  Wash- 
ington, D.  C,  in  1892;  Columbus.  Ohio,  in 
1893;  and  Pittsburg,  Penn.,  in  1894.  It  is 
needless  to  say  that  the  interest  he  has 
taken  in  military  affairs  has  given  him  a 
wide  ac>]uaintance,  and  added  greatly  to 
his  popularity.  Col.  Buckland  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Masonic  Fraternity,  the 
Sons  of  the  .\merican  Ivevolution.  and  the 
Military  Oriier  of  the  Loyal   Legion. 

During  the  Judicial  Convention  at 
Sandusky.  Ohio.  July  25  and  26.  1895. 
Col.  Buckland  was  imanimously  nomi- 
nated for  Common  Pleas  Judge  on  the 
147th  ballot.  The  convention  was  re- 
markable in  iiKiny  respects,  and  marks  an 
epoch  in  the  political  history  of  the  dis- 
trict. The  Sanduskv  Kt\i^istir,  in  speak- 
ing of  the  nomination,  sajs:  "The  name 
of  Col.  Horace  S.  Buckland  was  present- 
ed to  the  Republican  Judicial  Convention 
by  Dr.  Frank  Creager.  of  Fremont,  in 
the  following  eloquent  address: 

Mr.  ChairiiKin  and  (tcntleiiicn  <>f  the  Con- 
vontimi:  (Jnc  of  the  iticist  notable  features  in 
politics  one.  certainly,  which  attracts  more 
than  anythinp  else  the  attention  of  the  people 
-  is  the  proniinont  |>OHition  to  which  the  young 
men  have  cliinlied  during  the  political  progress 
of  the  New  World. 

From  the  tirst  formation  of  society  he  ha.s 
invarial>ly  been  a  distinctive  feature,  the  prime 
factor  in  the  world"*  history:  and  surely  the 
destiny  of  the  republic  was  never  so  thoroughly 
and  systematically  cemented,  with  such  a  fra- 
ternal bond  of  loyalty  encircling  the  globe, 
binding  man  to  man,  and  brother  to  brother,  as 

it  is  to-day  by  the  young  men  of  the  present 
generation.  Everywhere  we  s»c  the  results  of 
his  ambition  and  energy.  We  find  him  all 
along  the  pathway  of  perpetual  progress.  We 
find  him  upon  the  avenues  of  life,  buckling  on 
the  armor  and  fighting  the  political  battles  of 
his  country.  We  find  liim  in  the  halls  of  Con- 
gress. We  find  him  everywhere  carrying  aloft, 
proudly  and  triumphantly,  that  banner  of 
beauty  and  glory,  with  its  magnificent  embla- 
zonry of  f.tars  and  stripes  the  escutcheon  of 
free  States — the  emblem  of  the  Republican 
party.  No  victory  intoxicates  him;  no  defeat 
dismays  him;  but  with  integrity  too  deeply 
rooted  to  be  shaken  by  the  vicissitudes  of  fate 
he  treads  the  path  of  life  unfalteringly,  still 
laboring  for  the  success  of  the  party  he  so  hon- 
orably represents. 

With  such  an  impulse,  with  such  a  frater- 
nal feeling,  we  come  before  this  convention 
tod.iy  with  the  name  of  one  who  was  born, 
reared  and  educated  within  the  sacred  folds  of 
ourcountry's  banner.  Il  is  with  pleasure,  then, 
that  I  present  the  name  of  Horace  S.  liuckland. 
Perhaps  it  would  be  best  to  take  the  finger  of 
time  and  move  it  backward  over  the  dial  of  hu- 
man progress  and  .see  where  it  stops.  We  will 
find  among  other  things  that  he  is  a  young 
man,  a  gentleman  in  the  fullest  sense  of  the 
term,  and  that  to  know  him  per-onally  is  to 
love  him  dearly.  We  will  find  that  he  belongs 
to  the  Republican  party  as  the  lighthouse  does 
to  the  mariner  who  steers  his  bark  by  its  stead- 
fast rays.  We  will  find  that  he  is  earnest,  in- 
telligent, and  Commands  respect  in  every  posi- 
tion in  which  he  may  be  placed,  particularly  so 
in  the  common  walks  of  life.  Place  him  where 
you  will,  his  fitness  and  fidelity  will  manifest 
themselves,  and  his  true  worth  will  win  ever- 
lasting favor.  You  will  find  that  this  is  the 
first  time  he  has  asked  the  people  for  their  suf- 
frage, and  were  it  not  for  the  urgent  solicita- 
tion of  his  friends  you  would  not  h.ive  heard  of 
him  being  a  candidate.  Yes,  gentlemen  of  the 
convention,  you  will  find  that  he  is  ever  true  to 
his  friends,  self-sacriticing.  not  courting  popu- 
larity, but  .seeking  proficiency  and  good  re- 

During  the  Lite  war,  although  too  young  to 
enlist,  he  even  lan  aw.iv  to  do  so,  ;ind  were  it 
not  for  the  timely  discovery  might  have  sealed 
his  youthful  life  in  active  service,  or  else  been 
a  veteran  of  the  army  to-day.  Hut  with  loyalty 
too  deeply  rooted  to  be  shaken  by  the  dissuasion 
of  friends,  he  still  persevered,  until  at  Mem- 
phis, Tenn.,  when  he  was  taken  into  .service  by 
the  musicians  of  the  camp,  marching  at  the 
head  of  the  old  Seventy-second,  proudly  victori- 
ous over  his  youth.  I.,et  it  be  remembered, 
now.  that  the  old  Seventy-second  was  his 
father's  regiment,  and  as  a  mother's  love  goes 
out  to  her  first-born,  who  has  come  to  her  "  'mid 
suffering  and  pain,"  so  the  few  survivors  of 
that  dear  old  regiment  revere  the  name  of  Gen. 
Huckla'id.  whose  honored  remains  lie  sleeping 
tieneatli  the  silent  clo<lsof  <  tak  Wood  Cemetery, 
that  beautiful  citv  of  the  dead,  where  the  wild 



■winds  chant  his  requiem,  and  where  the  vir- 
tues of  his  life  of  liberty  and  service  will  for- 
ever live  in  the  hearts  of  his  comrades.  *    * 

Such,  then,  is  the  national  character  and 
standing-  of  our  candidate.  A  true  American, 
readj'  to  serve  his  country  at  a  moment's  no- 
tice. A  g-entleman  capable  of  surrounding 
himself  with  the  truest,  the  bravest  and  the 
most  honored  guests  the  world  has  ever  known; 
and  whose  every  act  and  purpose  are  those  of 
an  ideal  citizen.  It  is  needless  to  say  that  he 
enjoys  a  large  and  lucrative  practice,  being 
educated  at  one  of  the  best  law  schools  in  the 
country,  and  is  perfectly  familiar  with  the 
lower  and  higher  courts.  In  his  profession  he 
is  modest  and  just.  His  actions  at  the  bar,  and 
his  conduct  and  decisions  as  referee,  have  gen- 
erally been  upheld.  His  fitness  and  ability 
have  also  been  universally  approved  by  his  as- 
sociates. One  of  the  most  fitting-  testimonials 
that  could  possiblj'  be  offered,  one,  certainlj', 
that  commends  itself  to  this  convention,  was 
the  universal  endorsement  of  the  non-partisan 
meeting  of  the  bar,  which  was  held  in  the  city 
of  Fremont  but  a  few  weeks  ago,  when  he  was 
so  magnanimously  recommended  as  a  person 
particularly  fitted  for  Common  Pleas  Judge. 
No  higher  compliment  was  ever  paid  so  young 
a  practitioner.  It  marks  a  page  in  the  judicial 
history  of  the  country.  Men  who  have  grown 
gray  in  active  practice,  his  fellow  associates 
in  the  temple  of  justice,  his  brother  practition- 
ers at  the  bar — Democrats  and  Republicans 
alike — irrespective  of  party  or  politics,  not 
only  asked,  but  actually  demanded  of  this  con- 
vention the  nomination  of  Col.  Buckland. 
Nay,  more:  knowing  the  principles  of  economy, 
and  the  urgent  appeal  of  tax-payers,  said  that 
it  would  be  the  saving-  of  thousands  of  dollars  to 
this  judicial  district  by  placing  himon  the  bench. 

With  such  a  compliment,  with  such  an  en- 
dorsement, and  in  the  very  face  of  the  brazen 
effrontery  of  power  and  wealth,  he  buckled  on 
the  armor  and  entered  the  race.  It  is  unneces- 
sary to  recapitulate  the  glorious  achievements 
of  that  campaign.  The  people  have  spoken. 
The  farmer  left  the  harvest  and  attended  the 
caucus.  The  merchant  closed  his  store  and 
went  to  the  polls,  and  to-day  we  lay  the  tro- 
phies of  his  victory  at  j'our  feet.     *    *    * 

The  Toledo  (Ohio)  Blade  says  that 
"Col.  Buckland  deserves  all  the  kind 
things  said  of  him  by  his  neighbors.  The 
situation  is  truly  remarkable.  All  the 
prominent  Democratic  attorneys  of  Fre- 
mont have  the  highest  regard  for  him  as  a 
lawyer  and  a  man,  and  openly  e.xpress 
themselves  as  willing  for  the  Democratic 
Judicial  Convention  to  endorse  him.  They 
also  recommended  him  at  the  time  of  the 
non-partisan  meeting  of  the  bar  as  a  per- 
son particularly  fitted  for  the  bench." 


The  Fremont  Journal  sd^ys: 

Several  hundred  citizens  of  all  political 
parties  welcomed  Col.  Buckland  and  the  San- 
dusky county  delegates,  whose  fidelity  for  him 
won  the  day,  on  their  return  from  Sandusky  at 
6:30  Friday  evening.  Music  and  cheers  and 
congratulations  greeted  them  as  thej'  left  the 
train.  Then  the  crowd,  headed  by  the  Light 
Guard  band,  escorted  the  Colonel  to  his  resi- 
dence on  Birchard  avenue.  Here  he  was  in- 
troduced by  Mr.  H.  R.  Shomo  and  made  a  short 
address,  thanking  his  friends  for  their  cordial 
reception,  and  for  the  support  he  had  received 
in  the  contest  for  the  nomination,  and  saying 
if  elected  he  would  try  to  perform  the  duties  of 
the  responsible  position  of  Judge  of  Common 
Pleas  Court  to  the  best  of  his  ability.  His  re- 
marks were  modest  and  in  good  taste.  The 
reception,  which  was  entirely  impromptu,  was 
a  surprise  to  Col.  Buckland,  and  is  an  evidence 
of  the  high  esteem  in  which  he  is  held  by  the 
people  of  our  city. 

At  the  general  election  in  Ohio,  held 
on  the  5th  day  of  November,  A.  D.,  1895, 
Horace  S.  Buckland  was  elected  judge  by 
nearly  8,000  majority,  that  being  the 
largest  majority  ever  given  to  any  candi- 
date in  the  district,  carrying  his  native 
city  and  county,  though  Democratic,  and, 
in  fact,  carrying  every  county  in  the  dis- 
trict but  Ottawa.  He  succeeds  Judge 
John  L.  Greene,  and  will  take  office  May 
9,   1895. 

Judge  Horace  S.  Buckland  was  mar- 
ried June  10,  1878,  to  Elizabeth  Bau- 
man.  He  is  one  of  a  family  of  seven 
children,  three  of  whom  are  living,  the 
other  two  being  George,  a  graduate  of 
Cincinnati  Law  School,  and  Mrs.  Charles 
Dillon,  residing  on  Buckland  avenue, 
Fremont,  Ohio.  The  mother  still  sur- 

JAMES  W.  WILSON,  M.  D.,  of  Fre- 
mont, Sandusky  county,  was  born 
in  New  Berlin,  Union  Co.,  Penn., 
February  i,  18 16.  His  grandfather 
James  Wilson,  of  old  New  England  stock, 
about  the  year  1791  went  from  Connecti- 
cut to  eastern  Pennsylvania,  where  he 
married.  His  father,  Samuel  Wilson, 
only   son    of    James    Wilson,    was     born 



in  Schuylkill  county,  Fenn.  November 
25.  1793-  He  was  married  to  Miss 
Sarah  Nlauck,  a  native  of  Pennsyiva- 
vania,  at  New  Berlin,  and  resided  there, 
a  iimch-esteemed  and  successful  iner- 
chatit,  until  his  death,  November  3,  1X55. 
His  wife,  the  mother  of  the  subject  of 
this  sketch,  died  May  31,  1872,  aged 
eighty- four  years. 

Our  subject  chose  the  profession  of 
medicine,  and  made  his  preparatory 
studies  under  the  direction  of  Dr.  Joseph 
R.  Lot/,  of  New  Berlin.  He  subsequent- 
ly attended  lectures  at  Jefferson  Medical 
College,  Philadelphia,  where  he  gradua- 
ted in  March,  1S37.  in  November  of  the 
same  year  commencing  the  practice  of 
medicine  in  Center  county,  Penn.  He 
came  to  Ohit)  in  June,  if>39,  in  company 
with  Dr.  Thomas  Stilwell,  and  settled  in 
Lower  Sandusky  (now  Fremont),  July 
24,  1839.  That  part  of  northwestern 
Ohio  in  which  he  embarked  in  his  pro- 
fessional career  was  a  comparatively  un- 
settled country.  A  few  pioneers,  living 
mostly  in  log  houses  erected  by  their  own 
hands,  had  made  but  a  beginning  of  the 
long  and  laborious  task  of  clearing  the 
land  and  fitting  it  for  cultivation.  The 
soil  was  indeed  of  unsurpassed  richness; 
but  before  it  could  be  subdued  and  brought 
to  the  condition  of  fertility  now  seen  on 
every  hand,  it  was  necessary  that  a  whole 
generation  of  hardy  men  and  women 
should  wear  out  their  lives  in  incessant 
toil.  It  was  a  country  of  sluggish  streams 
and  stagnant  swamps,  and  consequently 
was  a  sickly  country. 

It  is  difficult  to  imagine  the  arduous 
character  of  the  labors  of  the  country 
physician  engaged  in  general  practice  fifty 
years  ago.  He  was  able  to  prove  suc- 
cessful only  under  the  conditions  that  he 
possessed  unusual  powers  of  endurance, 
thorDUgh  devoti<jn  to  the  duties  nf  his 
calling,  self-reliance  and  true  courage. 
Dr.  Wilson  was  successful.  During  the 
years  he  was  engaged  in  the  practice  of 
his  profession  he  ranked  among  the  most 

successful  physicians  in  this  section  of  the 
State.  He  was  distinguished  for  prompt- 
itude and  faithful  punctuality  in  fulfilling 
engagements.  The  urbanity  of  his  man- 
ner made  him  ever  welcome  to  the  bed- 
side of  the  suffering.  His  intelligence 
and  manly  deportment  won  general  con- 
fidence. His  acknowledged  skill,  and 
the  painstaking  care  with  which  he  in- 
vestigated the  cases  snbuiitted  to  his 
judgment,  commanded  the  respect  and 
regard  of  his  fellow  practitioners.  It  is 
probable  that  no  physician  outside  of  the 
large  cities  of  Ohio  has  ever  enjoyed  a 
larger  practice  or  performed  more  arduous 
labor  in  meeting  its  requirements. 

In  consequence  of  severe  exposure 
while  attending  to  this  large  practice,  in 
January,  1S5S,  he  suffered  from  a  severe 
attack  of  pneumonia,  from  the  effects  of 
which  he  has  never  completely  recovered; 
nor  has  he  since  devoted  himself  to  the 
practice  of  medicine.  He  has,  however, 
retained  a  lively  interest  in  the  progress 
of  medical  science,  and  whatever  pertains 
to  the  welfare  of  his  chosen  profession. 
He  is  president  of  the  Sandusky  County 
Medical  Society,  and  a  member  of  the 
Ohio  State  Medical  Society.  During  the 
war  of  the  Rebellion,  in  August,  1862,  he 
was  appointed,  by  Governor  Tod,  surgeon 
for  Sandusky  county  to  examine  appli- 
cants for  exemption  from  draft.  In  1858 
he  was  elected  treasurer  of  the  Sandusky 
County  Bible  Society,  which  trust  he 
kept  until  186S,  when  he  was  chosen 
president  of  said  society.  This  position 
he  has  retained  to  the  present  date,  mak- 
ing thirty-seven  years  of  faithful  and  ctni- 
tinuous  service.  He  has  also  for  a  num- 
ber of  years  l)een  president  of  the  San- 
dusky Coutity  Pioneer  and  Historical  So- 
ciety, in  which  he  takes  a  deep  interest; 
and  he  has  been  president  of  the  Birch- 
ard  Library  Association  since  the  death 
of  ex-President  K.  B.  Hayes,  whom  he 
succeeded  in  that  office. 

On  May  25.  1841.  Dr.  Wilson  was 
married  to  Miss  Nancy  E.  Justice,  daugh- 



ter  of  Judge  James  Justice,  one  of  the 
early  settlers  of  Lower  Sandusky,  and  for 
a  long  period  a  director  of  the  First  Na- 
tional Bank  of  Fremont,  Ohio.  They 
have  four  children — two  sons  and  two 
daughters:  Charles  G. ,  the  eldest  son,  a 
graduate  of  Kenyon  College  and  Harvard 
Law  School,  now  of  the  law  firm  of  Pratt 
&  Wilson,  of  Toledo;  married  Nellie, 
daughter  of  I.  E.  Amsden,  of  Fremont, 
Ohio.  The  younger  son,  James  W. ,  is 
connected  with  the  First  National  Bank 
of  Fremont,  with  his  father.  The  eldest 
daughter,  Sarah  W.,  is  the  widow  of  Hon. 
J.  B.  Rice,  of  Fremont,  Ohio.  The 
youngest  daughter  is  the  wife  of  Charles 
F.  Rice,  of  New  York  City. 

In  1857  Dr.  Wilson  became  a  partner 
in  the  banking  house  of  Birchard,  Miller 
&  Co.  In  September,  1863,  the  bank 
was  merged  into  the  First  National  Bank 
of  Fremont,  -with  Mr.  Sardis  Birchard  as 
president  and  Dr.  James  W.  Wilson  as 
vice-president.  On  January  27,  1874, 
after  the  death  of  Mr.  Birchard,  Dr.  Wil- 
son was  elected  president,  which  position 
he  still  (July,  1895)  holds.  Dr.  Wilson 
was  one  of  the  charter  members  of  the 
Fremont  Savings  Bank  Company,  which 
was  organized  in  18S2,  under  the  State 
laws  of  Ohio.  He  was  elected  a  director 
and  president,  and  has  held  these  posi- 
tions continuously  up  to  the  present  time. 
Thus  has  Dr.  Wilson,  through  a  long 
period,  borne  important  relations  to  the 
principal  financial  institutions  of  Fremont. 
He  is  a  conservative  banker,  and  yet  a 
popular  one,  ever  ready  to  respond  to  the 
demands  of  the  business  public,  and 
watchful  that  the  affairs  of  the  bank  shall 
be  conducted  in  accordance  with  those 
sound  business  principles  which  alone  as- 
sure success  and  safety.  He  has  wit- 
nessed with  deep  satisfaction  the  growth 
of  Fremont,  and  the  remarkable  develop- 
ment of  the  surrounding  country.  It  is 
not  overstating  the  facts  to  say  that  he 
has  never  been  lacking  in  public  spirit  of 
the  commendable  kind,    and    that  he  has 

been  a  liberal  contributor  toward  the  vari- 
ous enterprises  which  have  had  for  their 
object  the  promotion  of  the  prosperity  of 
the  community. 

.  Dr.  Wilson  is  fond  of  reading,  and  it 
has  long  been  his  habit  to  devote  most  of 
his  leisure  hours  to  favorite  books,  peri- 
odicals and  the  current  news.  He  loves 
to  mingle  with  his  fellow  citizens  and  join 
in  pleasant  conversation.  He  is  a  man  of 
conservative  views,  but  liberal  and  toler- 
ant. He  freely  accords  to  others  that 
liberty  of  opinion  which  he  desires  for 
himself.  He  is  firm  in  his  religious  belief, 
and  his  daily  life  is  consistent  with  his 
convictions.  He  is  a  thorough  believer  in 
the  doctrines  ef  Christianit}',  and  that  the 
highest  welfare  of  humanity  can  be  at- 
tained only  through  obedience  to  the  pre- 
cepts of  Jesus  Christ.  For  forty-five  years 
he  has  been  a  member  of  St.  Paul's  Prot- 
estant Episcopal  Church,  its  senior  war- 
den for  more  than  forty  years,  and  he  is  a 
regular  attendant  upon  its  services,  and 
a  liberal  contributor  toward  its  support 
and   its  charities. 

THOMAS  STILWELL,  M.  D.,  was 
born  in  January,  181  5,  in  Buffalo 
Valley,  Union  Co.,  Penn.,  five  or 
six  miles  west  of  Lewisburg.  His 
father,  Joseph  Stilwell,  for  more  than  half 
a  century  an  honored  citizen  of  that  coun- 
ty, died  in  185  i,  aged  seventy-four  years. 
His  mother,  Anna  Stilwell,  died  eleven 
years  later,  aged  eighty-four  years. 

When  Thomas  was  a  child  his  parents 
removed  to  New  Berlin,  the  county  seat 
of  Union  county,  where  he  continued  to 
reside — with  the  exception  of  such  time  as 
he  was  absent  at  school — until  he  left  to 
make  the  West  his  future  home.  After 
a  full  academic  course  at  Milton,  Penn., 
under  the  tuition  of  Rev.  David  Kirk- 
patrick,  a  distinguished  teacher  in  that 
section  of  the  State,  and  a  brief  course  of 
selected  studies  at  La  Fayette  College, 
Easton,  Penn.,  he  entered  upon  the  study 



of  medicine  with  Dr.  Joseph  R.  Lotz,  at 
New  Berlin,  and  j^railnatcil  at  Jefferson 
^^cdil■al  College,  Philadelphia,  I'enn..  in 
Marrli,  1X39,  the  same  year  locating  at 
Lower  Sandusky.  Ohio.  In  iS4Jhewas 
married  to  Miss  Jerusha  A.  Hoiij;hton.  of 
Canfield,  Mahoning  (then  Trumbull)  Co., 
Ohio,  and  the  children  born  to  this  union, 
five  in  number,  are:  Charles  B. ,  residing 
at  Watertown,  N.  Y. ;  Thomas  J.,  at  St. 
Louis,  Mo.;  Charlotte  E. ,  married  to 
John  T.  Lanman,  living  at  New  London, 
CJonn. ;  Mary,  married  to  \\'.  T.  Jordan, 
of  Louisville,  Ky. ;  and  Anna  M..  at  home 
with  her  parents. 

Ur.  Stilwell  has  always  occupied  a 
place  in  the  front  ranks  of  his  profession. 
For  several  years  he  was  vice  president 
of  the  Sandusky  County  Medical  Society, 
and  for  many  years  a  member  of  the 
State  Medicaf  Society.  He  was  among 
the  first  appointed  pension  examining 
surgeons  (February,  1863},  holding  that 
position  until  he  resigned,  in  1S-9.  To 
his  letter  of  resignation  the  Commissioner 
of  Pensions  replied  in  very  complimentary 
terms,  expressing  regret  for  its  having 
been  tendered.  He  was  afterward  elected 
one  of  the  censors  of  the  Medical  Depart- 
ment of  Western  Reserve  University, 
Cleveland,  having  held  the  same  position 
in  Charity  Hospital  Medical  College, 
afterward  known  as  the  Medical  Depart- 
ment of  Wooster  University.  Dr.  Stil- 
well has  been  a  member  of  the  Presby- 
terian Church  during  the  whole  of  his 
mature  life,  and  has  for  many  years  been 
an  elder. 

The  following  account  of  some  of  the 
Doctor's  e.xpieriences  was  furnished  by  him 
for  W'illianis'  History  of  Sandusky  Coun- 
ty, from  which  we  take  it:  "  Drs.  Wilson 
and  Stilwell  grew  up  together  in  close 
companionship  in  their  Penn.sylvania 
town,  were  fellow  students  in  Dr.  Lotz' 
office,  graduating  at  the  same  college, 
and  formed  the  purpose,  while  yet  otTice 
students,  to  migrate  to  the  West  together. 
Accordingly,  on  the    13th  of  June,  1839, 

in  a  two-horse  covered  carriage,  purpose- 
ly constructed,  with  ample  room  for 
themselves  and  baggage,  which  included 
a  small  stock  of  books  and  instruments, 
they  left  their  home  for  a  Western  pros- 
pecting tour,  with  the  design,  if  no  loca- 
tion to  their  liking  offered  sooner,  of  going 
on  to  Illinois,  at  that  day  the  'Far  West." 
Traveling  leisurely,  they  stopped  long 
enough  at  each  important  town  on  the 
way  to  ascertain  what  inducement  it  could 
offer  two  adventurous  young  men  who 
were  in  the  pursuit  of  bread  and  fame. 
Calling  on  their  professional  brethren, 
both  as  a  matter  of  courtesy  and  interest, 
the  pleasure  of  their  journey  was  much 
increased  thereby.  In  this  way  they 
reached  Lower  Sandusky  Fremont). 
Spending  a  few  days  visiting  friends,  who, 
a  few  years  before,  on  coming  West,  set- 
tled in  the  neighborhood  of  Lower  San- 
dusky, they  continued  on  to  Perry.sburgand 
Maumee.  Herethev  saw  what  had  often 
been  the  exciting  theme  of  their  children — 
a  tribe  of  Indians,  the  Ottawas,  who  were 
encamped  on  the  Hats  opposite  Maumee. 
preparatory  to  their  being  removed  to 
their  new  hunting  grounds  west  of  the 
Mississippi,  assigned  them  by  the  Govern- 

•'  [-"inding  the  roadsimpa.ssable  for  their 
carriage,  the  travelers  returned  to  Lower 
Sandusky,  and  turned  south.  At  Tiffin 
they  met  Dr.  Dresbach,  of  lasting  reputa- 
tion in  that  locality  for  his  genial  manner 
and  his  ability  as  a  physician  and  surgeon. 
Advised  by  him,  they  decided  to  remain 
at  Lower  Sandusky,  to  which  they  re- 
turned, and  put  up  at  Corbins  later  the 
'  Kessler  House,'  now  the  Wheeling  rail- 
road depot),  it  being  then  the  24th  day  of 
July.  1839.  A  week  subsequently,  on 
the  2nd  of  August,  the  citizens  of  San- 
dusky and  neighlwring  counties  celebrated 
the  anniversary  of  Croghan's  victory  by 
barbecuing  an  ox  on  the  commons,  now 
the  courthouse  park,  Eleutheros  Cook, 
of  Sandusky  city,  delivering  an  oration 
from  the  porch  of  the  low  frame  dwelling 



house  erected  a  few  years  before  by 
Jaques  Hulburd,  standing  in  the  middle 
of  Fort  Stephenson,  and  which,  a  few 
years  ago,  was  removed  from  the  grounds 
when  they  became  the  property  of  the 
city  and  Birchard  Library  by  purchase. 
The  breastworks  of  the  fort  were,  at  that 
day,  still  conspicuous. 

' '  Within  a  few  days  after  their  arrival 
both  were  taken  sick  with  fever.  Occu- 
pying beds  at  the  hotel  in  the  same  out-of- 
the-way  room,  they  were  left  prett\'  much 
to  themselves,  to  acquire  experience  as 
patient,  nurse  and  doctor,  all  at  the  same 
time  and  at  their  leisure.  A  new  settler 
had  a  good  deal  to  learn  about  sickness, 
and  but  few  lacked  opportunities  for  ac- 
quiring knowledge  by  personal  experience. 
A  notable  fact  connected  with  the  history 
of  the  hotel  that  season  is  remembered  by 
living  participants,  namely:  That  at  one 
time  for  a  few  daj-s  not  a  woman  remained 
in  the  house  ^filled  as  it  was  with  guests 
and  borders,  of  whom  many  were  sick — ex- 
cept the  landlord's  wife,  and  she,  too,  down 
with  the  fever.  The  women  help  had  all 
gone  home  sick.  It  was  very  hard  to  obtain 
others.  A  colored  man — a  steamboat 
cook — with  man  help  for  general  house- 
work, supplied  their  place. 

"The  sickness  that  season  being  very 
general  all  over  the  town  and  country, 
before  either  had  so  far  recovered  as  to 
be  able  to  do  more  than  leave  their  room, 
they  were  importuned  to  visit  the  sick, 
and  were  compelled  to  comply  long  before 
they  were  fit  for  service.  They  secured 
for  an  office  a  little  one-story  frame  struc- 
ture, which  stood  where  Buckland's 
Block  now  stands,  at  the  corner  of  Front 
and  State  streets.  It  was  an  unpreten- 
tious building,  belonging  to  Capt.  Morris 
Tyler.  Their  neighbors  on  the  south 
were  Morris  &  John  Tyler,  merchants, 
whose  store  occupied  one-half  of  a  low 
two-story  frame  house,  of  very  moderate 
dimensions,  but  for  size  and  appearance 
one  of  the  noted  mercantile  establish- 
ments of   the  town.      To  the   north   they 

were  in  close  proximity  to  Gen.  R.  P. 
Buckland's  law  office,  of  about  the  same 
size  as  their  own,  and  in  no  way  superior 
to  theirs,  excepting  that  it  was  a  shade 
whiter  from  having  probably  had  two 
coats  of  paint,  while  theirs  had  but  one, 
and  that  one  almost  washed  off  by  the 
northeasters  which  swept  its  front,  unob- 
structed, as  now,  by  three-story  blocks, 
on  the  opposite  sides  of  the  street.  This 
office  at  one  time  narrowly  escaped  de- 
struction: A  cannon  fired  at  the  intersec- 
tion of  State  and  Front  streets,  on  tl^e 
occasion  of  a  jollification  in  1842  over 
the  election  of  Wilson  Shannon  as  Gov- 
ernor of  Ohio,  burst,  sending  its  butt  end 
through  the  north  side  of  Gen.  Buck- 
land's  office,  and  but  for  its  wise  discrim- 
ination in  the  interest  of  humanity  it 
would  have  gone  through  the  north  side 
of  the  doctors'  office  as  well. 

"The  'doctor's  ride,'  in  that  day, 
meant  twelve  or  fifteen  miles  in  all  direc- 
tions, and  on  horseback,  mostly  through 
woods  on  newly  cut-out  roads,  often 
paths  for  some  part  of  the  way.  He 
found  his  patients  in  the  scattered  cabins 
in  which  the  farmers  of  Sandusky  county 
then  lived.  During  the  continuance  of 
their  partnership,  and  until  Dr.  Wilson's 
health  became  impaired  by  a  severe  at- 
tack of  sickness  from  exposure,  as  noted 
in  his  personal  biography  on  a  preceding 
page,  they  so  arranged  their  business  that 
their  attendance  upon  patients  was  by  al- 
ternate visits,  making  thus  an  equal  division 
of  the  labor.  He  who  went  on  the  east- 
ern round  to-day  would  go  on  the  western 
to-morrow.  The  '  sickly  season ' — mean- 
ing from  about  the  middle  of  July  to  the 
middle  of  October — was  a  phrase  very 
familiar  in  those  times,  happily  not  appli- 
cable to  this  day,  for  the  State  may  be 
challenged  to  name,  within  her  bounds, 
a  county  now  healthier  than  this  same 
Sandusky.  The  change  has  been  wrought 
partly  by  clearing  up  the  land,  but  mostly 
by  constructing  ditches  to  carry  off  the 
water  that  overspread  the  surface.      Dur- 



iiiR  the  sickly  season  the  pressure  on 
their  time  was  such  as  to  enable  them  to 
make  the  rouiul  only  once  in  two  days. 
Oftentimes  each  passed  over  the  other's 
route  before  they  met  in  their  office — not 
sceinj;;'each  other  for  days — the  necessary 
conimuiiicatioiis  beinjj  made  on  a  lar^e 
slate  kept  in  tiie  office  for  that  purpose. 
The  story  of  the  daily  ride,  extending  far 
into  the  night,  oftentimes  with  fog  above 
ami  mud  below,  the  weariness  of  body 
and  limb,  the  loss  of  sleep,  the  burden  of 
thought — all  this  now  sounds  like  exagger- 
ation, but  to  those  who  underwent  it  all  it 
is  a  well-reineinbered  and  now  wondered- 
at  realitj".  Their  contemporary  physi- 
cians were  e<iually  hard  pressed. 

"In  the  season  of  which  this  is  writ- 
ten, in  the  cabins  visited,  which  some- 
times meant  every  cabin  on  the  road 
traveled,  it  was  very  exceptional  to  find 
but  one  of  a  family  sick.  To  find  three 
or  four  was  commonly  the  case.  Not 
infrequently  the  whole  family  were  pa- 
tients, and  this  with  no  outside  help, 
sometimes  not  procurable  even  in  times 
of  dire  necessity.  While  extreme  cases 
could  not  fairly  be  given  as  the  general 
experience,  yet  this  class  after  all  consti- 
tuted a  large  proportion  of  the  whole. 
An  enumeration  would  include  cases  of 
scanty  house-room,  of  lack  of  supplies, 
of  distance  from  neighbors,  of  remote- 
ness from  physicians,  of  absence  of  help, 
of  the  number  down  in  a  family,  of  ne- 
glected ones,  of  work  undone,  of  fields, 
such  as  they  were,  unprepared  for  seed. 
These,  in  their  varied  forms,  composed  a 
large  list.  In  making  the  rounds  one 
day  he  whose  circuit  included  a  cabin  to  be 
visited  which  had  recently  been  erected  in 
a  small  clearing,  a  half  acre  or  so,  in  a  dense 
woods,  south  of  where  Hessville  now 
stands,  and  reached  by  passing  through 
David  Berry's  lane  and  then  along  a  path 
which  led  to  the  opening — found,  upon 
entering,  the  man  of  the  house  lying  up- 
on a  bed  in  one  corner  of  the  room,  in  a 
burning    fever;     the    woman    in    another 

part  of  the  room  sitting  upon  the  edge  of 
an  extemporized  bed,  with  a  face  Hushed 
with  fever,  and  wild  with  excitement, 
leaning  over  a  cradle  in  which  lay  their 
little  child  in  spasms,  it  too  having  the 
fever.  (,)uickly  enquiring  of  the  woman 
for  the  water-bucket,  he  was  told  that  it 
was  empty,  that  their  well  had  just  been 
dug,  and  was  un walled  and  uncovered; 
the  only  way  they  had  to  get  water  was 
to  climb  down  a  ladder  that  stood  in  the 
well  and  dip  it  up,  which  neither  had 
been  able  to  do  that  day,  and  no  one  com- 
ing to  the  house,  they  had  no  water.  Pro- 
curing water  from  the  well,  he  remained 
till  the  child  was  relieved  of  the  spasms, 
when,  having  dispensed  the  medicines  ne- 
cessary, he  departed,  telling  them  to  ex- 
pect someone  in  soon,  as  the  result  of  his 
efforts  to  get  somebody,  if  possible,  from 
the  first  house  he  reached  on  the  way. 
"The  fevers  of  this  country  had  pe- 
culiarities which  for  years  have  ceased  to 
be  observed,  and  which  were  the  condi- 
tions exciting  anxiety  in  the  mind  of  the 
doctor  as  well  as  in  the  friends  of  the  sick. 
Intermittent  fever,  one  of  the  forms  very 
common,  was  sometimes  ,with  chills, 
sometimes  without,  as  now,  and  was  man- 
ageable enough  unless,  as  not  infrecpiently 
was  the  case,  it  assumed  a  malignant 
type,  known  in  the  books  as  congestive 
chill,  or  pernicious  intermittent.  With 
the  best  that  could  be  done,  the  cases 
were  often  fatal,  many  times  for  want  of 
care  at  the  critical  perod.  But  more 
marked  was  the  condition  which  attend- 
ed the  latter  stage  of  bilious  remittent 
fever,  the  other  form  of  miasmatic  fever, 
generally  prevalent  in  the  latter  part  of 
summer  and  in  the  autumn  months. 
Whether  it  nm  a  short  or  a  long  course, 
whether  of  high  or  low  grade,  it  usu- 
ally terminated  with  a  sweat  and  ex- 
treme exhaustion.  A  'sinking  spell,' as 
it  was  commonly  called,  was  frequently 
its  dreaded  sc(]uence.  and  the  danger  to 
life  at  the  time  imminent.  .A  failure  on  the 
part  of  the  attendants  then  to  keep  up  the 



circulation — by  rubbing  the  surface,  by 
applying  warmth  to  the  extremities,  by 
spreading  plenty  of  cover  over  the  bed, 
and  by  administering  stimulants  freely, 
with  liberal  doses  of  quinine — was  sure  to 
seal  the  fate  of  the  patient.  Many  died 
in  this  way.  A  representative  case  oc- 
curred in  a  small  frame  house  of  two 
rooms,  which  stood  on  what  was  then 
open  common  (now  the  corner  of  Croghan 
and  Wood  streets),  occupied  by  a  man 
and  his  family  of  the  name  of  Tyler, 
strangers,  no  relatives  of  the  Tyler  family 
resident  here.  He  was  a  stone  mason, 
and  came  to  work  at  the  courthouse,  the 
building  of  which  had  just  been  com- 
menced. He  and  his  wife  were  taken 
sick  with  the  fever.  No  one  could  be 
found  to  take  the  constant  charge  of  them. 
The  neighbors,  sparsely  settled  then  in 
that  part  of  the  town,  as  they  could  be 
spared  from  home,  went  in,  one  now,  and 
another  then,  and  did  what  they  could, 
but  withal  the  care  was  far  from  what 
their  condition  required.  The  fever  of 
the  husband  yielded  first;  instructions  had 
been  left  as  to  what  was  to  be  done  when 
the  crisis  came,  which  during  the  day  gave 
signs  of  its  near  approach.  The  doctors, 
both  having  reached  their  office  on  their 
return  from  the  country  at  the  same  time 
— about  12  o'clock  at  night — upon  being 
informed  that  a  messenger  had  just  been 
down  for  them  from  the  Tylers,  went  to 
the  house  to  find  the  patient  cold  and 
pulseless,  no  appliances,  no  stimulants 
having  been  used  as  directed,  and  he  died. 
They  had  the  wife  removed  to  a  neigh- 
bor's house.  When  the  crisis  came  to 
her — the  breaking  up  of  the  fever  in  the 
manner  described — she  had  the  necessary 
care  and  lived. 

"And  here  it  should  be  remarked 
that  whatever  allusions  may  have  been 
made  in  this  or  any  other  sketch  of  years 
ago,  to  hardship  suffered  for  want  of  help 
in  times  of  sickness,  it  was  never  refused 
when  it  could  be  given.  To  the  extent 
of  the  ability  to  give  it,  no  neighbor  with- 

held it.  The  brotherly  spirit  displayed  at 
such  times  made  itself  proverbial,  and 
could  the  deeds  to  which  it  prompted  be 
written  they  would  form  a  grand  chapter 
in  the  history  of  Sanduskj'  county." 

BURGOON.  The  ancestry,  from 
whom  are  descended  the  Burgoon 
families  of  Sandusky  and  other 
counties  of  Ohio,  was  John  Bur- 
goon, who  served  in  the  French  army, 
and  about  the  year  1740  emigrated  from 
Alsace,  France  (now  in  Germany),  to 
America.  Here  he  married  and  had  a 
family  of  seven  children:  Charles,  Robert, 
Peter,  Jacob,  Francis,  John,  and  Honore, 
the  only  daughter.  Of  these  Peter  be- 
came a  Methodist  minister;  Honore  mar- 
ried Ulrich  Sate,  and  removed  to  Penn- 
sylvania, but  the  six  sons  all  came  to  Ohio 
in  an  early  daj',  and  their  descendants  are 
found  in  Perry,  Muskingum  and  Morgan 
counties.  The  father  of  this  family  died 
at  his  home  in  Frederick  (now  Carroll) 
count}',  Md.,  and  his  remains  rest  in  the 
St.  John's  Catholic  Cemetery  at  \\'est- 
minster,  he  being  of  that  faith.  The 
mother  was  of  the  Protestant  faith. 

Francis  Burgoon,  son  of  John  Bur- 
goon, the  immigrant,  and  Elizabeth,  his 
wife,  was  born  in  Frederick  county,  Md., 
where  he  married  Miss  Elizabeth  Low,  a 
lady  of  English  descent.  In  1824  they 
moved  to  Perry  county,  Ohio,  in  company 
with  a  colony  of  nineteen  other  families 
from  the  same  neighborhood,  all  related 
to  each  other.  They  both  died  in  Perry 
county,  and  their  remains  rest  in  St. 
Joseph  Catholic  Cemetery,  two  miles 
southeast  of  Somerset.  Their  children 
were:  David,  Mary,  Jacob,  Theresa, 
William,  Rachel,  Peter,  Edith  and  Sarah. 
Of  this  family,  the  youngest  died  in  child- 
hood, and  was  buried  at  Taneytown,  Md. ; 
David  moved  to  Knox  county,  Ohio, 
where  his  descendants  still  reside;  Mary 
married  Joshua  Coe,  and  their  descend- 



ants  are  to  be  found  in  Licking  county, 
Ohio;  Jacobs  descendants  live  in  the  vi- 
cinity of  Somerset,  Perry  Co.,  Ohio; 
Theresa's  descendants  are  found  in  Ver- 
niiUion  county,  Ind. ;  the  descendants  of 
Wilhani  live  in  Carroll  county,  Md. ; 
Rachel  married  Basil  Cue,  and  lived  in  the 
the  vicinity  of  Fremont,  Ohio;  Edith 
married  David  Engler,  and  lived  in  San- 
dusky count)-,  and  was  one  of  the  earliest 
pioneers  of  the  county. 

Peter   Burgeon,  son    of    Francis    and 
Elizabeth  Burgeon,  was  born  in  Frederick 
county,     Md.,     near     Westminster,   July 
13,    iSoo.      His    educational    advantages 
were  limited,  and  for  a  trade  he   learned 
that  of  a  stone  mason.      On  October   18, 
1 82 1,  he  married  Miss  Margaret  Fluegel, 
at  Littlestown,  Penn.,  a  daughter  of  John 
and  Margaret    Hahni  F"lucgel,  who  lived 
near  Westminster,  Md.   John  Fluegel  was 
a  son  of  \'allen  Fluegel,  an  emigrant  from 
Germany,  who    had    settled    on    a    large 
farm    near    Westminster.       Margaret    E. 
(Hahn),  his  wife,  was  a  daughter  of  An- 
drew Hahn.     The   names    and    dates  of 
birth  of  the  children   of  John  and   Mar- 
garet Fluegel  are  as  follows:     Elizabeth, 
February   6,   1791;   John,   July  25,  1793; 
Polly    F.,    January    19,     1795;    Samuel, 
August  18,   1796;  George,   July  23,  179S; 
Margaret,  July  18,  1801;  Henry,  October 
22,  1S02:  Daniel.   June  25,   1804;  Sarah, 
June  3,  1806;  Simon,  June  9,  1808;  Ben- 
jamin,  September    23,    1809;  and    Levi, 
November  29,   181 1,  who    is  still  (1895) 
living.      John    Fluegel,  the   father  of  this 
family,  served  in  the  Revolutionary  army 
as  fife-major;  he  died  at  the  age  of  eighty- 
three,    his  wife   Margaret  at  the  age    of 
seventy-three,  and  their  remains  are  buried 
in  Bausts  churchyard,  near  Uniontown. 
Md.      Of   the    above   named   children   of 
John    and    Margaret    Fluegel,    Elizabeth 
married    Cornelius    Baust,    and    lived  in 
L'niontown,    Md. ;    Polly    married    Jacob 
Miller,    and    lived    in    Jay    county,    Ind.; 
Margaret    married    Peter    Burgeon,    and 
they  became  the  parents  of  our  subject; 

Sarah  married  Peter  Shriner,  and  lived 
near  Union  Mills,  Md.  Three  of  the 
sons — Henry,  Simcm  and  licnjamin — be- 
came ministers  of  the  Gospel.  The 
average  age  of  all  these  sons  and  daugh- 
ters was  upward  of  eighty  years.  Levi 
Fluegel,  now  in  his  eighty-third  year,  is 
living  at  Frizellburg,  Md.  In  religious 
faith  the  family  originally  belonged  to  the 
Reformed  and  Lutheran  Churches,  but 
later  most  of  them  became  members  of 
the  Church  of  G(jd. 

Peter  Burgeon,  the  father  of  our  sub- 
ject, came  west  from  Maryland  in    1824, 
first    locating    in     Somerset,    Perry    Co., 
Ohio,  where  he  worked  at  his  trade  about 
two  years;  then  removed  to  Licking  coun- 
ty, and  there  staid  one  year.      In  October, 
1 829,  he  came  to  Sandusky  county,  Ohio, 
and    settled    in    the   forest   of  the    Black 
Swamp,  on  the  bank  of  the  Little  Mud 
creek,    about     four    miles    northwest    ef 
Lower  Sandusky  fnow   Fremont).      Sev- 
eral tribes   of  Indians  were    living    here 
then,  and  the  woods  were  teeming  with 
wild  animals.     The  Burgeon  family  had 
no  white  neighbors  -nearer  than  two  miles 
distant,  with  the  exception  of  Mrs.  Rachel 
Coe,    who  had    settled   on   an    adjoining 
farm.      Here    Mr.    Burgeon    built    a    log 
cabin,  and    began   to  clear    up  the    land 
with    all  the    energ>'  ef  a  man  ef  pluck, 
resolution      and     perseverance.        Being 
possessed    of     sound    practical    common 
sense,    he     was  often  consulted    by    his 
neighbors    en    matters   ef    business.      In 
connection  with  farming  he  worked  at  his 
trade  about  twelve  years,   and  was  em- 
ployed   on    the  residence    of  Dr.    L.    Q. 
Rawson,    which    was  the     second    brick 
edifice  erected  in  Sandusky  county.     With 
many  of  the  business  interests  ef  the  coun- 
ty   he    became    identified,    and    he   held 
various  offices   ef    honor  and  trust.      In 
politics  he  was  originally  an  ardent  Demo- 
crat, but  during  the   Civil   war  he  was  a 
firm  supporter  of  the  L*.  S.  Government, 
and  from  that  time   forward  he  affiliated 
with    the    Republican    party.       He    was 



possessed  of  robust  health,  a  strong  physi- 
cal constitution  and  an  iron  will,  and  by 
his  many  sterling  traits  of  manly  charac- 
ter he  gained  and  held  an  honorable 
place  among  the  pioneers  of  Sandusky 
county.  He  died  March  17,  1879,  and 
was  buried  with  Masonic  honors;  his  wife 
passed  away  June  8,  1871,  a  member  of 
the  Reformed  Church.  Their  remains 
rest  in  the  Lutheran  and  Reformed  Ceme- 
tery, four  miles  west  of  Fremont.  Their 
children  were  named  as  follows:  William, 
Washington,  Miranda,  Upton,  Elizabeth, 
Margaret,  Romanus,  David,  Isadore  H., 
Mary  and  Malinda.  Of  these,  William 
Washington  died  July  21,  1846,  aged 
twenty-four  years;  Miranda  married  N. 
R.  Tucker,  a  farmer  of  near  Fremont, 
Ohio;  Upton  married  Nancy  A.  Kerr, 
April  8,  1848;  Elizabeth  died  October  4, 
1835,  aged  six  years;  Margaret  married 
Solomon  Albert,  July  4,  1852;  Romanus 
married  Mary  Taylor,  April  12,  1858  (he 
died  January  14,  i860);  David  married 
Cynthia  Skinner,  May  i,  1863;  Isadore 
H.  married  Eliza  Ann  Chapman,  October 
19,  1865;  Mary  married  August  Baumer, 
September  18,  1862;  Malinda  married  O. 
R.  Smith,  April  6,   1869. 

Major  I.  H.  Burgoon,  railroad  man- 
ager, Fremont,  Sandusky  county,  was 
born  in  Sandusky  township,  Sandusky 
Co.,  Ohio.,  January  25,  1839,  a  son  of 
Peter  and  Margaret  (Fluegel)  Burgoon, 
who  at  that  time  were  living  on  a  200- 
acre  farm  about  four  miles  north  of  Lower 
Sandusky  (now  Fremont),  Ohio.  He 
spent  his  early  life  on  his  father's  farm, 
and  received  a  liberal  education  at  the 
common  schools  of  the  district.  In  the 
fall  of  1858  he  commenced  teaching  a 
country  school,  and  in  the  fall  of  the  fol- 
lowing year  he  attended  Oberlin  College 
three  months,  after  which  he  taught 
another  term  of  winterschool  in  the  coun- 
try. On  September  10,  i860,  he  came  to 
Fremont  and  took  the  position  of  office 
boy  and  clerk  for  Dr.  L.  O.  Rawson,  presi- 
dent of  the  Fremont  &  Indiana  railroad. 

He  remained  in  the  service  of  that  road 
eighteen  years,  as  follows:  From  1861  ta 
1864  he  was  clerk  in  the  president's  office, 
and  freight  and  ticket  agent;  1864  to  1865, 
conductor;  1865  to  1866,  train  master; 
1866  to  1867,  assistant  superintendent; 
1868  to  1872,  superintendent;  1872  to 
•S/S'  general  superintendent;  1875  to 
1878,  receiver;  1878  to  1879,  general 
superintendent  of  the  Lake  Erie  &  Louis- 
ville railroad,  after  the  sale  and  reorgani- 
zation; October,  1879  to  1881,  general 
superintendent  Toledo,  Delphos  &  Bur- 
lington railroad;  August  i,  18S1,  to 
1883,  general  manager  of  the  Ohio  Con- 
struction Company;  1881  to  1885,  gen- 
eral manager  Cleveland,  Delphos  &  St. 
Louis  railroad;  May,  1881,  to  1885,  gen- 
eral manager,  secretary  and  treasurer,  of 
the  Cleveland,  Delphos  &  Western  Tele- 
graph Company,  and  general  manager  of 
the  Cleveland,  Delphos  &  St.  Louis  rail- 
road; May,  1885,  to  June  30, 1886,  general 
agent  of  the  Indiana,  Bloomington  & 
Western  railroad ;  July  i ,  1 886,  to  Decem- 
ber 31,  1890,  receiver  and  general  man- 
ager of  the  Bellaire,  Zanesville  &  Cincin- 
nati railroad;  September  I,  1889,  to  Octo- 
ber, 1 892, general  manager  and  treasurer  of 
the  Terre  Haute  &  Peoria  railroad.  When 
the  Terre  Haute  &  Peoria  railroad  was 
leased  to  the  Terre  Haute  &  Indianapolis, 
he  was  made  superintendent  of  the  Peoria 
division,  serving  as  such  from  October, 
1892,  to  October,  1893.  In  January,  1894, 
he  accepted  the  position  of  general  super- 
intendent of  the  Findlay,  Fort  Wayne 
&  Western  railroad,  under  a  receiver. 
Upon  the  sale  and  transfer  of  this  prop- 
erty, Mr.  Burgoon  was  called  to  Salt 
Lake  City,  Utah,  on  August  15,  1894, 
and  was  appointed  general  superintendent 
and  general  freight  and  passenger  agent 
of  the  Utah  Central  railway,  his  head- 
quarters being  at  Salt  Lake  City,  where 
he  is  at  present,  though  retaining  his  resi- 
dence at  Fremont,  Ohio,  having  here 
many  business  and  social  interests.  Dur- 
ing all  his  management  of  these  roads  he 



made  a  clean  record.  By  his  enterprise, 
prudence,  economy  and  inteprity  he  secured 
the  good  will  and  best  wishes  of  all  par- 
ties concerned.  He  received  many  flat- 
tering testimonials  from  his  superior  offi- 
cers, and  from  those  who  had  confided 
their  interests  to  his  care,  of  which  the 
following  may  serve  as  a  sample:  After 
having  acted  as  receiver  of  the  Lake  Erie 
&  Louisville  railway,  about  three  years, 
Mr.  Burgoon  filed  in  the  court  of  com- 
mon pleas,  of  Sandusky  county,  his  final 
report  and  the  account  of  his  doings  and 
dealings  in  the  management  of  the  road, 
of  which  he  had  full  charge  as  receiver, 
under  direction  of  the  court,  and  his  re- 
port and  accounts  were  confirmed  not 
only  without  a  question  but  by  consent  of 
counsel  on  both  sides,  and  he  was  highly 
complimented  for  his  management  of  the 
affairs  of  the  road,  as  is  shown  by  the 
order  of  confirmation  which  follows: 

And  this  Court,  havinff  examined  the  said 
final  .iccount  and  re|x>rt,  and  found  the  same 
in  all  respects  in  accordance  with  law  and  the 
order  of  the  Court,  and  that  the  said  receiver 
has  duly  jiaid  and  delivered  all  money,  credits 
and  property  of  every  kind  which  came  into  his 
possession  or  control,  by  virtue  of  his  ap- 
pointment and  office  in  accordance  with  the 
order  and  direction  of  the  Court,  and  has  in 
all  respects  well  and  truly  and  faithfully  dis- 
charjred  all  his  duties  as  such  receiver,  it 
is  hereby  ordered  that  the  said  final  report 
and  account  be  and  the  same  is  hereby  ap- 
proved and  confirmed,  and  the  said  Isadore 
H.  nur»foondischarf;ed  from  all  further  account- 
ability as  such  receiver.  And  he  is  especially 
commended  for  the  ability  and  faithfulness 
with  which  he  has  discharg-ed  the  arduous 
duties  of  his  office. 


K.  P.  BrcKLANi)  ANi>  Calvin  S.  Bkice, 
Attorneys  for  Lake   Erie  &  Louisville  Railway 


Otis,  Adams  &  Rcsskli., 
Attorneys  for  plaintiffs,  the  trustees. 

On  May  2,  1864.  Mr.  Burgoon  entered 
the  militarj'  service  of  his  country,  as 
private  in  Company  F,  One  Hundred  and 
Sixty-ninth  Regiment,  O.  N.  G.  1.  He 
served  with  his  regiment  at  Fort  Ethan 
Allen,  Virginia,  a  term  of  four  months, 
and  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  sergeant- 

major,  a  position  he  held  until  the  expir- 
ation of  his  term  of  service,  September  4, 
1864,  having  earned  a  record  for  promo- 
tion in  the  discharge  of  his  duties.  He 
wrote  many  interesting  letters  to  his 
home  papers  during  his  time  of  service. 

Nfr.  Burgoon  has  for  many  years  been 
an  active  member  of  the  Sandusky  Coun- 
ty Pioneer  and  Historical  Society,  of 
which  he  is  still  vice-president  and  secre- 
tary, and  has  been  one  of  the  leading 
spirits  in  making  the  annual  reunion 
pioneer  picnics  a  success.  He  takes  a 
laudable  interest  in  all  public  affairs  in 
the  city  of  Fremont,  but  has  never  been 
a  political  office  seeker.  He  was  raised  a 
Democrat,  and  cast  his  first  vote  for 
Stephen  A.  Douglas,  for  president,  since 
which  time  he  has  been  a  I^epublican. 
He  has  been  a  member  of  the  Masonic 
Fraternity  since  1862,  and  has  taken  all 
the  degrees  in  the  York  Rite,  and  the 
Scottish  Rite  to  the  32d  degree.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  Eugene  Rawson  Post, 
G.  A.  R.,  at  Fremont,  Ohio,  and  has  al- 
ways taken  an  interest  in  the  welfare  of 
the  soldiers.  Since  the  year  1888  he  has 
been  president  of  the  One  Hundred  and 
Sixty-ninth,  O.  V.  I.  Regimental  .Asso- 

On  October  19,  1S65,  I.  H.  Burgoon 
was  married  at  Fremont,  Ohio,  to  Miss 
Eli^a  \.  Chapman,  who  was  born  Feb- 
ruary 10,  1844,  at  Marion.  Ohio,  a 
daughter  of  Joseph  and  Uorinda  (Ayers) 
Chapman,  and  their  children  were:  J. 
Chajmian  Burgoon,  born  .\ugust  10,  1874, 
died  September  19,  1874;  and  Charles 
Paine  Burgoon,  born  May  25,  1878.  A 
lasting  honor  was  fittingly  and  worthily 
bestowed  on  Mr.  Burgoon,  when,  on  No- 
vember 18,  1873,  the  citizens  of  the  new 
town,  established  at  the  crossing  of  the 
Lake  Erie  &  Louisville  and  the  Toledo, Tif- 
fin &  Eastern  railroads,  in  Jackson  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  concurred  in  ask- 
ing the  Post  Office  Department  to  name 
the  new  post  office  '"Burgoon"  after  Mr. 
I.  H.  Burgoon,    whcse    uniform  courtesy 



as  an  official  of  the  Lake  Erie  &  Louis- 
ville railroad  had  won  for  him  the  best 
wishes  of  the  people  of  that  community. 


HARON  C.  LAMBERSON,  editor 
and    co-proprietor   of    the   Denio- 
Mcsscngcr,  Fremont,  San- 


dusky  county,  was  born  in  Serleca 
,  Ohio,  November  i6,  183S,  a  son 
and    Anna    Mary    (Creager) 


of    William 


William  Lamberson  was  born  at  Eas- 
ton,  Penn.,  March  23,  181 3,  and  came 
with  his  parents  to  Ohio  in  1830,  locating 
in  the  forests  of  Seneca  county,  where  he 
helped  to  clear  up  a  farm.  In  politics  he 
was  a  radical  Democrat.  He  married, 
January  4,  1838,  and  died  January  15, 
1882.  Ann  Mary  Lamberson  was  born 
in  Montgomery  county,  Ohio,  June  12, 
181 5,  and  died  February  6,  1887,  and 
died  a  member  of  the  Reformed  Church, 
in  which  faith  she  was  reared.  Their 
children  were:  (i)  Sharon  C,  our  sub- 
ject; (2)  Eunice  A.,  wife  of  John  Huston, 
living  near  Dayton,  Ohio;  (3)  Virgil  D., 
a  veteran  of  the  Civil  war,  living  at  Tiffin, 
Ohio;  (4)  Janett  C,  widow  of  Victor  J. 
Zahm,  and  one  of  the  proprietors  of 
the  Democratic  Messenger;  (5)  Her- 
schel  W. ,  a  farmer,  living  at  Ha- 
vana, Huron  Co.,  Ohio;  (6)  Curtis 
M. ,  who  lives  in  Wamego,  Kans. ;  (7) 
Dewitt  C,  who  died  August,  1875;  (8) 
M.  Marcena,  a  maiden  lady,  living  at 
Tiffin,  Ohio.  Daniel  Lamberson,  our 
subject's  paternal  grandfather,  was  born 
near  Easton,  Penn.,  served  in  the  war  of 
18 1 2,  became  a  pioneer  settler  of  Seneca 
county,  Ohio,  and  died  at  a  good  old  age. 
Our  subject's  maternal  grandparents  came 
from  Maryland,  and  settled  near  Dayton, 
Ohio.  Both  of  S.  C.  Lamberson's  parents 
were  of  German  descent. 

Our  subject  was  reared  on  a  farm,  and 
after  receiving  a  common-school  educa- 
tion in  Seneca  county  took  a  course  of 
study    at    Heidelberg    University,    Tiffin, 

Ohio,  from  which  institution  he  graduated 
in  1859,  with  the  first  honor  of  his  class. 
He  followed  school  teaching  and  farm- 
ing, alternating  these  occupations  until 
1873,  when  he  engaged  in  the  mer- 
cantile business  at  Tiffin  for  two  years. 
He  then  became  connected  with  the  coun- 
ty auditor's  office  at  Tiffin,  for  six  years. 
On  April  7,  1885,  in  partnership  with  his 
brother-in-law,  V.  J.  Zahm,  he  purchased 
the  Democratic  Messenger,  the  organ  of 
the  Sandusky  county  Democracy.  His 
partner  died  in  August  of  the  same  year, 
and  Mr.  Lamberson  has  continued  to 
conduct  the  paper  since  that  time.  Polit- 
ically, he  is  a  Jeffersonian  Democrat, 
and  socially,  has  been  a  member  of 
Seneca  Lodge,  No.  35,  I.  O.  O.  F., 
about  thirty  years.  On  April  18,  1887, 
he  was  married,  at  Tiffin,  Ohio,  to  Miss 
Johanna  C.  Zahm,  who  was  born  in 
Buffalo,  N.  Y. ,  November  30,  1838.  Mrs. 
Lamberson's  parents  were  born  in  Ger- 
many and  came  to  America,  her  father  in 
1832,  her  mother  in  1833. 

Fremont,    Sanduskj-  count}-,    one 
of  the  oldest    living   practitioners 
in  the  State  of  Ohio,  was  born  at 
Detroit,  Mich.,  August  26,   1 8 14. 

The  Beaugrand  family  is  of  French 
origin,  the  grandfather  of  Dr.  Beaugrand, 
John  Baptiste  Beaugrand,  having  emi- 
grated from  Bordeaux,  France,  to  Canada 
about  the  year  1760.  But  little  of  his 
life's  history  has  been  preserved;  but  it  is 
believed  that  he  was  a  merchant,  and 
spent  his  life  in  barter  with  the  Indians. 
Dr.  P.  Beaugrand  is  a  son  of  John  B. 
and  Margaret  (Chabert)  Beaugrand,  the 
father  born  in  Three  Rivers,  Canada,  in 
1768.  He  grew  to  manhood  there,  and 
at  the  age  of  twenty-one  migrated  to 
Detroit,  Mich.,  where  he  engaged  in  busi- 
ness as  an  Indian  trader  with  good  suc- 
cess until  during  the  war  of  1S12,  when 
he  was  burned  out  by  the  Indians.      He 



removed  with  his  family  to  Fremont  (then 
Lower  Sandusky),  Ohio,  settling;  here 
during  the  first  week  of  January,  1S23; 
he  had  spent  the  previous  year  here  as  a 
trader.  The  mother  of  our  subject  was 
born  in  Detroit,  Mich.,  February  26, 
1781,  and  died  May  12,  1859,  at  Fremont, 

The  family  consisted  of  ten  children: 
(l)Margaret,  who  married  Kodolphus 
Dickinson,  a  brilliant  young  lawyer,  who 
came  to  Lower  Sandusky  frotn  the  East 
shortly  after  the  Beaugraud  family  took 
up  their  residence  there;  afterward  was 
member  of  Congress,  and  died  during  his 
second  term  in  Congress,  in  1S49.  (2) 
Julia,  who  married  B.  F.  Fletcher,  who 
died  in  1849,  just  after  his  election  for  the 
second  term  to  the  office  of  county  re- 
corder. (3)  Sophia,  who  married  La 
Quinio  Rawson,  a  physician  who  became 
very  eminent  in  his  profession,  and  died 
in  1888.  (4)  Isidore  D. ,  at  one  time 
sheriff  of  Sandusky  county.  (5)  JohnB., 
who  was  a  sailor  and  a  captain  on  the 
lakes;  he  was  strong  and  athletic,  and  of 
a  venturesome  spirit;  in  1 846  he  was  pre- 
sented by  the  mayor  of  Cleveland  with  a 
stand  of  colors  for  safely  bringing  into 
that  port,  during  a  severe  storm,  his  boat, 
having  on  board  a  large  number  of  passen- 
gers. (6)  Peter,  the  subject  of  our 
sketch.  <~)  James,  born  in  I3etroit,  died 
at  Fremont  at  the  age  of  three  years. 
(8)  Richard,  who  was  also  a  sailor  on  the 
lakes,  enlisted,  and  died  during  the  Civil 
war.  (91  Helen  M.,  who  married  M.  S. 
Castle,  an  attorney  at  law,  of  Cleveland. 
Ohio,  where  she  resided  until  her  death 
in  1890.  (10)  James  A.,  who  has  always 
been  engaged  in  clerical  work,  is  now  liv- 
ing in  Racine,  Wis.,  and  is  deputy  clerk 
of  courts  at  that  place;  he  and  the  Doctor 
are  the  only  survivors  of  the  family. 

Dr.  P.  Beaugrand  is  a  man  much 
respected  in  I'roinont  and  vicinity,  both 
as  a  skillful  physician,  and  a  gentleman  of 
culture.  He  has  been  a  student  of  the 
most  ardent  tyj>c  during  a  long  and  busy 

life,  and  is  remarkable  for  his  intellectual 
talents  and  his  genial,  kindly  disposition. 
His  profession  has  been  to  him  as  his 
bride,  for  he  has  led  none  other  to  the  al- 
tar. Quick  in  perception,  broad  and 
charitable  in  his  sympathies,  with  a  mem- 
ory that  has  never  failed,  and  an  integ- 
rity that  has  never  wavered.  Dr.  Beau- 
grand  possesses  the  essential  qualities  of 
a  successful  physician;  and  if  implicit 
faith  in  a  man  by  a  whole  community  is 
of  any  solace  to  him,  as  he  descends  the 
western  slope  of  life,  the  Doctor  should 
be  one  of  the  most  contented  of  mortals. 
He  has  also  been  a  favorite  in  literary  cir- 
cles, there  being  few  important  facts  of 
history  or  science  with  which  he  is  not 

In  1823,  Dr.  Beaugrandcame  with  his 
parents  to  Fremont.  He  recollects  dis- 
tinctly the  trip  from  Detroit  to  Lower 
Sandusky  on  the  ice  on  Lake  Erie,  and 
the  incidents  that  occurred  on  the  way, 
one  of  which  was  the  breaking  of  the  ice. 
by  which  the  parties  in  the  sleigh  all  got 
wet,  and  how  they  all  made  for  the  shore, 
and  built  a  huge  fire  by  which  to  dry 
themselves.  Ho  is  still  able  to  point  out 
the  very  spot  at  which  they  came  ashore 
to  make  the  remainder  of  the  trip  over- 
land. Dr.  Beaugrand  attended  the  com- 
mon schools  here,  and  at  the  age  of  eight- 
een was  a  student  one  term  at  Wells' 
Academy,  Mich.  In  March,  1833,  he  com- 
menced the  study  of  medicine  at  Findlay, 
Ohio,  with  B.  and  L.  O.  Rawson,  and 
when  the  latter  returned  to  I'remont  he 
came  with  him.  During  the  winter  of 
1834-35,  he  attended  medical  lectures  at 
the  College  of  Physicians  and  Surgeons, 
Fairfield,  Herkimer  Co.,  N.  Y.  During 
the  scholastic  year  of  1844-45  ^*^  gradu- 
ated from  the  Ohio  Medical  College,  at 
Cincinnati,  Ohio.  Ik-  began  the  practice 
of  medicine  at  Lower  Sandusky  in  1834, 
continuing  thus  up  to  1845  before  he  took 
the  degree  of  M.  I).,  and  he  now  has  a 
retrospect  of  more  than  sixty  years  of 
professional  life,  at  the  beginning  of  which 



our  country  was  in  its  infancy.  He  re- 
calls with  accuracy  the  great  questions 
which  agitated  the  public  mind  during 
the  da3's  of  Clay,  Webster,  and  their  il- 
lustrious compeers. 

In  the  spring  of  1864  Dr.  Beaugrand 
was  appointed  surgeon  of  the  One  Hun- 
dred and  Sixty-ninth  Regiment,  O.  V.  I., 
at  Cleveland,  Ohio,  and  served  one  hun- 
dred days  at  Fort  Ethan  Allen,  Va. 
On  his  return  home  he  resumed  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession,  which  he  still  pur- 
sues, not  from  personal  necessity  but  to 
accommodate  old  patients.  He  has  ac- 
cumulated a  handsome  competence  which 
enables  him  to  complete  the  rest  of  life's 
journey  at  his  ease.  The  Doctor  was  a 
Democrat  before  the  war,  and  during  that 
struggle  voted  for  Republican  candidates; 
but  his  views  at  present  are  Democratic. 
He  has  always  had  a  high  regard  for  his 
mother,  who  was  a  remarkable  woman, 
very  active  in  visiting  the  sick  and  poor 
among  the  early  pioneers,  and  who  was 
very  charitable.  An  oil  painting  of  her 
now  adorns  the  public  library  at  Fremont. 

WILLIAM  E.  LAY.  Since  the 
year  1828,  this  venerable,  intel- 
ligent and  highly-respected  citi- 
zen of  Sandusky  county  has 
lived  upon  the  one  farm  in  Green  Creek 
township,  a  residence  that  is  perhaps 
unequaled  in  the  county.  He  has  been 
an  eyewitness  to  the  growth  of  the  county 
from  its  primitive  condition  to  its  present 
advanced  stage  of  development.  But  the 
feature  of  his  citizenship  is  not  chiefly  its 
duration.  In  public  spirit  and  character, 
he  ranks  among  the  foremost  residents. 

Mr.  Lay  was  born  in  Tompkins  coun- 
ty, N.  Y. ,  October  20,  1809,  son  of  John 
and  Mary  (Squires)  Lay.  John  Lay  was 
born  in  Connecticut  January  22,  1775, 
and  was  the  son  of  Aaron  Lay,  who, 
when  a  young  man,  emigrated  with  two 
brothers  from  England.  One  of  these 
brothers,    James    Lay,    afterward    settled 

near  Buffalo,  N.  Y.  Mary  Squires  was 
born  September  9,  1777,  and  was  married 
January  22,  1797,  to  John  Lay.  Their 
eight  children  were  as  follows:  (i)  Jere- 
miah, born  January  17,  1798,  married  in 
1826,  settled  in  Seneca  county,  Ohio, 
and  died  there  about  1879.  (2)  John, 
born  September  7,  1801,  a  shoemaker  by 
trade,  lived  at  Attica,  Seneca  Co.,  Ohio. 
By  his  first  wife,  Aurora  Ewer,  he  had 
one  child,  Henry,  who  died  young;  b}' 
his  second  wife,  Mary  Silcox,  he  also  had 
one  child,  William,  born  September  6, 
1850,  and  died  June  18,  1873.  John  died 
August  12,  1889.  (3)  Almira,  born  No- 
vember 16,  1803,  married  John  Woodruff, 
lived  in  Jackson  township,  Sandusky 
county,  and  reared  a  large  famil}';  she 
died  in  1874.  (4)  Eustacia,  born  August 
9,  1805,  married  John  Bartlett,  lived  in 
Green  Creek  township,  and  reared  a 
family;  she  died  in  1877.  (5)  Harmon, 
born  June  13,  1807,  died  April  30,  18 10. 
(6)  William  E.  is  the  subject  of  this 
sketch.  (7)  Mary  Ann,  born  September 
8,  1 81 7,  married  Hiram  Babcock,  of 
Green  Creek,  and  died  leaving  six  chil- 
dren. (8)  Susan  J.,  born  February  16, 
1820,  was  married  first  to  Jacob  Martin, 
of  Castalia,  by  whom  she  had  one  child, 
and  afterward  to  Horace  Simpson;  she 
died  near  Fremont,  Michigan. 

After  marriage  John  and  Mary  Lay 
settled  in  Seneca  (now  Tompkins)  county, 
N.  Y. ,  but  moved  thence  to  Steuben 
county.  In  18 16  he  migrated  to  Ohio, 
going  by  team  to  Buffalo,  and  there  tak- 
ing passage  on  the  schooner  "American 
Eagle,''  and  landing  at  the  mouth  of  the 
Huron  river.  Living  at  Speers'  Corners 
two  years,  he  moved  to  the  eastern  part 
of  Seneca  county,  and  three  years  later 
crossed  the  Sandusky  river  to  the  western 
part  of  the  county.  He  then  moved  back 
to  Clinton  township  after  five  years,  and 
in  1828,  or  three  years  later,  settled  on 
the  farm  in  Green  Creek  township,  San- 
dusky county,  which  his  son  William  E. 
now    occupies.         Here    the    parents    re- 



mained  until  their  death.  They  were 
buried  on  Hutternut  Ridge,  or  Lay's 
Cemetery.  John  Lay  was  a  Henry  Clay 
\Vhi},',aiid  he  votetl  at  the  first  election  held 
in  Sandusky  county,  in  1.S19;  in  early  life 
he  was  in  religious  faith  a  close-commun- 
ion Baptist,  and  for  over  thirty  years  he  was 
either  clerk  or  deacon  of  the  Church;  in 
after  life  he  accepted  the  Universalist  faith. 

The  boyhood  of  William  L.  Lay  was 
spent  in  the  wilderness  home  of  his  par- 
ents in  Seneca  and  Sandusky  counties. 
Indians  were  then  abundant,  and  he  had 
more  Indians  for  playmates  than  white 
boys.  The  Seneca  reservation  was  just 
across  the  river  from  the  first  home  of  the 
Lays  in  Seneca  county.  He  received  lit- 
tle education  at  Speers'  Corners,  Huron 
county,  and  scarcely  any  more  in  Seneca 
county.  His  chief  instruction  he  obtained 
sitting  in  his  father's  cabin,  book  in  hand, 
and  reading  by  the  light  of  the  log  fire. 
One  winter  he  attended  school  there,  but 
his  days  were  pretty  well  occupied  by  farm 
work,  and  the  echo  of  his  a.\e  was  heard 
in  the  forest  until  midnight. 

Mr.  Lay  was  married  April  11,  1833, 
to  Margaret  Lee.  who  was  born  in  North- 
umberland county,  Penn.,  September  15, 
1815,  moved  with  her  parents  to  Franklin 
county,  Ohio,  and  thence  in  1823  to 
Seneca  county,  Ohio.  After  marriage  he 
began  housekeeping  on  the  farm  his 
father  had  occupied  five  years  earlier,  and 
has  lived  there  ever  since;  he  now  owns 
2(X)  acres  of  well-improved  land.  Eleven 
children  have  been  born  to  William  and 
Margaret  Lay,  as  follows:  (1;  Polly 
Minerva,  born  January  26,  1834,  died 
July  26  of  the  same  year.  (2)  Harkness 
N.,  born  December  8,  1836,  worked  on 
the  farm  until  the  war  broke  out,  and  then 
enlisted  in  Company  A,  Seventy-second 
O.  \.  I. ;  he  was  orderly  sergeant,  and 
was  taken  prisoner  at  Brice's  Cross  Roads, 
near  Guntown,  Miss.,  June  10,  1864,  with 
247  other  members  of  the  regiment,  and 
was  confined  in  .Andersonville  prison  nine 
months.       Oil  October  4,     186;,    he  was 

married  to  Jemmetta  Almond,  anil  has 
two  children  living — Francis  M.  and  Bes- 
sie. He  has  followed  farming  and  car- 
jjentry  since  the  war,  and  now  lives  at 
Chicago.  (3)  Ann  E.,  born  April  20, 
1839,  died  unmarried  February  25,  1888. 
(4)  Cornelia,  born  July  29,  1840,  married 
Jacob  D.  Le  Fevre  October  4,  1865,  and 
died,  childless,  February  10,  1892.  (5) 
Henry  S.,  born  June  16.  1842,  unmarried, 
lives  at  home  and  operates  the  farm.  (6) 
Clementine. born  August  6,  1844,  at  home, 
unmarried.  (7j  I-'rancis  Marion,  born 
August  24,  1846.  enlisted  in  April, 
1 864,  before  he  was  eighteen,  was  taken 
prisoner  at  Guntown,  June  10,  1864, 
and  died  from  exposure  and  starvation  at 
Savannah.  Ga.,  October  24,  1S64.  (8) 
Fidelia,  born  September  12,  1848,  mar- 
ried Cyrus  Ale.xander  February  2.  1870, 
lives  on  a  farm  in  Erie  county;  they  have 
no  children.  (9)  Alice,  born  August  2, 
1 85 1,  married  December  30,  1892,  to 
Abraham  \'an  Doren,  and  resides  at  Clyde. 
(lOj  William  B..  born  May  15,  1858, 
farmer,  of  Sandusky  county,  married  Alice 
L.  Jones  October  24,  1883;  they  have  no 
children.  (11)  Mabel  V.,  born  July  27, 
i860,  married  Fred  Hutchinson  March  12, 
1884,  and  has  five  sons — Claire  L. ,  Ern- 
est D.,  Karl  A.,  Frank  M.  and  Ralph. 

In  politics,  William  E.  Lay  was  a 
Democrat  until  the  repeal  of  the  Missouri 
Compromise,  when  he  became  a  Republi- 
can. He  cast  his  first  vote  for  .\ndrew 
Jackson  at  his  second  term.  He  is  a  man 
of  the  strictest  integrity,  and  one  of  the 
most  highly  respected  in  Sandusky  county. 
In  social  affairs  he  has  been  a  leader. 
Having  amassed  a  goodly  fortune,  he  con- 
tributes liberally  to  public  enterprises. 
His  family  is  highly  cultured,  and  the  af- 
ternoon of  his  life  is  cast  in  an  atmos- 
phere that  is  most  congenial.  Com- 
manding the  esteem  of  all  good  citizens, 
his  life  reflects  the  abilities  and  virtues 
that  have  lifted  him  to  the  enviable  niche 
he  occupies  in  the  great  social  fabric  of 
our  land. 



Progress    is 

born  of  courage.  Courage  stands 
erect  and  thinks  while  fear  re- 
treats. Courage  advances  step  by 
step,  believing  in  science  and  in  eternal 
law.  If  properly  guided  by  a  conscience, 
courage  will  achieve  deeds  of  heroism  in 
defense  of  right  and  honor  and  friendship 
worthy  of  the  noblest  knighthood.  As  a 
living  example  of  one  who  in  early  life 
had  the  courage  of  his  convictions,  in 
manhood  dared  where  others  faltered, 
one  who  was  willing  to  forego  his  golden 
schemes  of  wealth  for  the  sake  of  caring 
for  his  widowed  mother,  and  who  later 
kindly  cared  for  other  aged  people  left  in 
his  care,  we  present  the  subject  of  this 

L.  W.  Ward,  insurance  and  real-es- 
tate agent  of  Fremont,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born  in  Reading  township,  near  Som- 
erset, Perry  Co.,  Ohio,  May  27,  1832, 
son  of  Amos  and  Polly  (Shoup)  Ward, 
who  were  natives  of  Pennsylvania.  Amos 
Ward  was  born  in  1797,  and  came  at  an 
early  day  to  Perry  county,  Ohio,  where 
he  married  and  carried  on  farming.  Late 
in  the  fall  of  1834  he  removed  with  his 
family  through  the  wilds  of  Ohio  in  a 
large  wagon  loaded  with  household  goods, 
provisions  and  grain  for  seed,  to  the 
northwestern  part  of  Sandusky  (now  Ot- 
tawa) county,  Ohio,  and  settled  on  160 
acres  of  land  about  midway  between  Port 
Clinton  and  Locust  Point.  He  also  bought 
1 60  acres  in  Washington  township.  As  the 
ground  was  then  frozen  solid,  it  was  easy 
to  get  about  with  a  team  in  the  erection 
of  a  log  cabin  and  sheds,  the  building  of 
fences  and  the  clearing  of  land  for  farm- 
ing purposes.  Work  progressed  fairly 
well,  but  there  were  some  drawbacks. 
The  surrounding  country  being  then  a  wil- 
derness, the  family  were  often  anno3'ed 
by  the  howling  of  wolves  near  their  cabin 
before  they  secured  substantial  doors  and 
windows,  and  for  greater  safety  they  built 
a  high  fence  of  rails  and  poles  to  keep  off 
these    midnight    prowlers.      One  incident 

in  this  connection  is  worthy  of  record.  A 
pack  of  hungry,  howling  wolves  came  in- 
side the  inclosure  one  night,  and  threat- 
ened an  attack.  Mr.  Ward  was  alarmed 
for  the  safety  of  his  family,  and  decided 
to  test  the  mettle  of  his  big  brindle  dog, 
"Lion,"  who  crouched  in  a  corner  for 
fear  of  the  wolves,  by  throwing  him  out 
of  the  cabin  and  making  him  fight  or  die. 
He  did  so.  There  was  heard  a  sudden 
terrific  snarling,  an  encounter  for  a  few 
seconds,  and  then  a  running  away  and  a 
howling  which  died  off  in  the  distance, 
the  dog  having  made  hasty  tracks  for 
Perry  county,  followed  by  the  wolves, 
perhaps,  for  many  miles,  leaving  the  ter- 
rified family  in  quiet  the  rest  of  that  night 
and  for  many  nights  thereafter.  A  few 
weeks  later  the  family  learned  that 
"Lion"  had  indeed  escaped  the  jaws  of 
the  wolves,  and  made  his  appearance  at 
his  old  home  in  Perry  county  in  an  almost 
famished  and  exhausted  condition.  He 
had  made  the  trip  of  about  i  50  miles  in 
an  incredibly  short  time,  as  was  learned 
by  comparing  the  records  of  the  two  fam- 
ilies. The  dear  old  fellow  was  afterward 
taken  again  to  Sandusky  county,  became 
a  great  pet  in  the  family,  and  died  of  old 

In  the  spring  of  the  year,  after  the 
frost  had  disappeared,  the  family  were 
distressed  to  find  that  the  ground  was  so 
soft  and  spongy  that  they  could  not  use 
their  team  to  go  to  mill  at  Cold  Creek, 
and  for  six  weeks  they  were  obliged  to 
do  without  bread,  except  what  could  be 
made  from  grain  pounded  in  a  mortar  or 
hollow  stone.  There  were  many  other 
hindrances  on  account  of  the  wet  soil. 
After  a  residence  of  about  six  months  in 
this  marshy,  malarious  region,  Mr.  Ward 
died  in  June,  1835,  leaving  a  widow  and 
seven  children  in  the  wilderness.  His 
family  remained  there  for  some  time,  and 
then  moved  upon  the  160  acres  in  Wash- 
ington township,  same  county,  on  what  is 
known  as  the  Limestone  Ridge,  a  few  miles 
southeast  of  Hessville.      The  children   of 

^^f       ^^-Cf-^^h^ 





Amos  ami  I'ollv  Ward,  born  in  Perry 
county,  were:  Harriet.  John.  Hiram. 
Isaac,  lili/a.  Lewis  W.  (our  subject),  and 

Lewis  W.  Ward  grew  to  manhood  in 
Washington  township.  Sanihisky  county, 
amid  the  toils,  hardshijis  and  privations 
of  pioneer  life,  in  a  family  bereft  of  a 
husband  and  father  when  they  most  need- 
ed his  assistance.  His  physical  powers 
were  developed  by  a  frecjuent  and  vigor- 
ous use  of  the  axe.  the  mattock,  the  maul 
and  wedge,  and  his  love  of  sport  gratified 
by  the  use  of  a  trust\'  gun.  On  leaving 
his  mother's  roof,  in  1S47,  he  hired  out 
to  A.  W.  Green,  a  neighboring  farnier. 
(or  six  months,  at  $3  per  month.  He  gen- 
erously contributed  one  dollar  of  the 
money  thus  earned  to  rebuild  the  Deal 
Block,  in  Lower  Sandusky,  which  had 
been  destroyed  by  fire.  His  brother  Isaac 
took  jobs  of  clearing  land  for  farmers  at 
$8  per  acre,  and  sometimes  the  broth- 
ers worked  on  the  Western  Reserve  and 
Maumce  pike.  Mr.  Ward's  schooling  in 
the  country  was  very  limited,  and  in  1852 
he  resolved  to  get  a  better  education  by  at- 
tending a  school  taught  in  town  by  James 
Smith,  son  of  Sheriff  Jonas  Smith,  of 
Hallville  township.  He  managed  to  pay 
his  board  and  tuition  by  clerking  evenings, 
morning  and  Saturdays  for  John  F. 
Wooster.  a  druggist.  His  Sundays  he 
usually  spent  at  home  or  in  attendance  at 
the  M.  E.  Church  and  Sunday-school. 
He  next  engaged  as  clerk  on  probation 
with  Mr.  David  Betts.  general  merchant, 
and  suited  his  employer  so  well  that  he 
was  entrusted  with  the  most  valuable 
papers  and  records.  At  the  end  of  about 
three  years  the  store  was  destroyed  by  fire. 
Mr  Ward  was  accustomed  to  sleep  in  the 
store,  and  when  roused  out  of  sleep  by  the 
alarm  of  tire  he  was  so  intent  on  saving  his 
employer's  papers  that  he  neglected  to  save 
his  own  valuables,  consisting  of  a  new 
suit  ol  clothes  and  two  watches.  He 
next  clerked  about  a  year  for  Charles 
Haynes,  and  then  started  for  California. 

He  was  one  of  a  company  of  seventeen 
who  had  agreed  to  go  there  together,  but 
at  the  time  appointed  for  starting  he  alone 
was  ready,  and  so  set  out  alone.  It  took 
him  five  days  to  reach  New  York,  and 
having  just  missed  going  on  the  steamer 
for  the  Panama  route  he  took  a  vessel 
going  by  the  Nicaragua  route,  which  had 
on  board  400  filibusters,  on  their  way  to 
Granada,  South  ,\merica.  In  due  time 
he  arrived  at  'Frisco,  went  up  the  Sacra- 
mento river,  passed  Marysville  to  Sierra 
county,  and  found  work  for  about  two 
years  as  an  honest  miner.  In  1858  he 
returned  to  Ohio  to  visit  and  care  for  his 
mother,  intending  to  go  back  to  Califor- 
nia. Finding  strong  inducements  for  him 
to  remain  in  Fremont,  he  clerked  for  Mr. 
Edgerton,  who  had  taken  the  stock  in 
Betts  &  Kreb's  store,  until  Edgerton 
failed,  after  which  he  clerked  for  Mr.  A. 
Gusdorf.  In  185S  he  bought  out  S.  H. 
Russel,  and  for  eight  years  carried  on  a 
grocery  and  saloon  on  Front  street.  In 
1S66,  his  lease  having  expired,  he  sold 
out  his  stock  and  engaged  in  the  insur- 
ance and  real-estate  business,  in  which  he 
has  continued  ever  since.  His  mother, 
for  whom  he  had  kindly  cared,  died  at 
her  home  in  Elmore  in  1S79. 

On  October  31,  185.S.  Mr.  Ward  mar- 
ried Miss  Julia  E.  Leppelman,  daughter 
of  E.  J.  Leppelman.  who  with  his  wife 
afterward  lived  in  the  family  of  Mr. 
Ward  for  twenty  odd  years.  Mr.  Lep- 
pelman was  killed  by  the  cars  at  a  cross- 
ing of  the  L.  S.  &  M.  S.  railroad,  on 
Main  street.  Fremont.  June  30,  1892;  his 
wife  died  in  July.  1893.  Mr.  Ward  is  a 
regular  attendant  at  St.  Paul's  Episcopal 
Church,  of  which  his  wife  is  a  member. 
Socially,  he  is  a  charter  member  of  Fre- 
mont lodge  No.  204.  K.  of  P..  and  is  also  a 
member  of  L.  W.  Ward  Division  No.  87, 
Uniformed  Rank,  K.  of  P.,  which  was 
named  in  honor  of  him.  He  was  for  many 
vears  a  member  of  the  I.  O.  O.  F.  Mr. 
Ward  served  four  years  as  major  of  the 
Sixth   Regiment,    U.    R.    K.    P.,   and  was 



reelected   for  four  years,  but  declined   to 
serve  longer. 

Our  subject  is  one  of  the  best  pre- 
served specimens  of  physical  manhood  in 
Fremont,  being  six  feet  tall,  with  broad 
chest  and  shoulders,  erect  carriage,  digni- 
fied appearance  and  commandingpresence. 
His  fondness  for  out-door  sport  and  horse- 
back riding,  from  his  youth,  has  con- 
tributed no  little  to  his  good  health  and 
marked  cheerfulness,  while  his  business 
ventures  have  secured  for  him  a  comfor- 
table competence. 

PROF.  W.  W.  ROSS,  superintend- 
ent of  public  schools,  Fremont, 
Sandusky  county,  and  one  of  the 
oldest  established  and  most  widely 
known  schoolmen  in  Ohio,  was  born  in 
Medina  county,  Ohio,  December  24,  1824. 
The  Ross  family  descended  from  an- 
cient and  time-honored  Scottish  blood. 
Our  subject's  great-grandfather,  Capt. 
Alexander  Ross,  was  an  officer  in  Gen. 
Wolfe's  army  of  invasion,  and  took  part 
in  the  battle  on  the  Plains  of  Abraham, 
Quebec,  which  resulted  in  the  defeat  of 
the  French,  and  the  conquest  of  all  Cana- 
da. For  gallant  services  he  subsequently 
received  a  grant  of  lands  from  the 
Crown,  and  settled  in  Prince  Edward 
county.  Upper  Canada,  in  1785,  where 
he  lived  until  his  death,  in  1805.  Ac- 
cording to  the  genealog}',  as  traced  by  the 
Canadian  cousins  of  W.  W.  Ross, 
"Capt.  Ross  was  a  grandson  of  Alexan- 
der Ross,  Laird  of  Balnagown,  Ross- 
shire,  Scotland,  who  descended  in  direct 
line  from  Hugh  Ross,  of  Rairiches,  who 
was  second  son  of  Hugh,  the  sixth  and 
last  Earl  of  Ross,  of  the  old  family."  The 
fifth  Earl  of  Ross  led  the  Ross-shire  clans 
on  the  field  of  Bannockburn.  In  the  an- 
cestral line  was  Rev.  Alexander  Ross,  of 
Aberdeen,  Scotland,  Chaplain  to  Charles 
I,  of  England,  and  a  distinguished  author 
of  many  religious  works,  both  in  English 
and  Latin. 

When  Capt.  Ross  received  the  grant 
of  lands  in  Canada  he  took  his  family 
from  the  Highlands  of  Scotland  to  live 
there.  His  son  Alexander  was  the  grand- 
father of  our  subject,  W.  W.  Ross.  He, 
Alexander,  was  born  in  Ross-shire,  in 
the  Scottish  Highlands,  not  far  from  the 
site  of  the  castle  of  Macbeth,  before  the 
family  went  to  Canada.  It  is  said  he 
spent  his  life  on  his  father's  estate  in 
Canada,  near  Picton,  Prince  Edward 
Co.,  Ontario.  The  full  details  of 
his  life  history  seem  not  to  be  recorded, 
for  his  son,  Joseph  Ross,  the  father  of 
Prof.  W.  W.  Ross,  was  born,  it  is  known, 
near  Saratoga,  N.  Y. ,  in  1805,  a  few 
months  after  his  father's  death.  Joseph 
Ross  married  Mary  Harkness.  He  was  a 
shoemaker  by  trade,  and  in  his  earlier 
days  spent  his  time  between  New  York 
State  and  Canada.  He  migrated  from  New 
York  to  Medina  county,  Ohio,  in  pioneer 
days,  in  1830,  and  was  one  of  the  first  set- 
tlers at  Seville,  where  he  worked  at  his 
trade  until  he  was  elected  justice  of  the 
peace,  in  which  capacity  he  served  over 
thirty  years 

judgment.  His  probity  and  knowledge  of 
law  were  universally  recognized,  and  it 
became  a  proverb  among  the  attorneys 
that  if  a  case  had  been  tried  before  Jus- 
tice Ross  an  appeal  was  useless.  It  is 
said  that  not  a  single  case  tried  before 
him  was  ever  reversed  in  the  higher 
courts  during  his  thirty  years  of  service. 
His  death  occurred  in  1876.  Mary  Hark- 
ness, the  mother  of  our  subject,  was  born 
in  Salem,  Washington  Co.,  N.  Y. ,  in 
1806,  and  is  still  alive,  having  her  resi- 
dence with  her  son,  W.  W.  Ross.  She 
removed  to  eastern  Ohio  about  the  same 
time  as  her  cousins  of  the  same  name 
(Harkness),  who  settled  a  little  farther 
west,  and  who  eventually  became  the 
multi-millionaire  founders  of  the  Standard 
Oil  industrj".  She  was  a  teacher  in  both 
New  York  and  Ohio,  and  was  married  to 
Joseph  Ross  at  Seville  in  1831.     To  their 

He  was  a  man  of  good  in- 
broad    views    and    discerning 



union  were  born  seven  children:  Alex- 
ander DeW'itt,  wlio  died  at  the  a},'e  of 
seventeen;  Zaccheus,  who  died  in  in- 
fancy; McDonoufjh,  who  died  in  child- 
hood; /achary,  who  now  resides  in  Fre- 
mont; Mary  K. ,  wife  of  William  Decker; 
Albert,  a  farmer,  of  Sandusky  county, 
and  W.  W. 

Prof.  \V.  W.  Ross  received  his  school 
training  almost  exclusively  in  the  com- 
mon and  academic  schools  at  Seville, 
Ohio,  one  term  onl\',  1S52,  having  been 
passed  at  the  Twinsburgh  Institute, 
Twinsburgh,  Ohio.  His  parents  gave  him 
and  his  elder  brother,  .\lexander  De  Witt 
Ross,  their  entire  time  for  school  work, 
besides  rendering  them  much  assistance 
and  encouragement  at  home.  Under  the 
inspiration  and  guidanceof  Charles  Foster, 
a  graduate  of  Dartmouth  College,  who 
was  eminent  as  a  preceptor  and  educator, 
and  who  taught  a  flourishing  school  for 
years  at  Seville,  he  made  rapid  progress, 
and  in  his  earliest  "  teens  '"  was  well  along 
in  algebra,  geometry  and  other  studies,  in 
all  of  which  he  excelled.  [His  teacher,  Mr. 
Foster,  died  during  the  war  of  the  Re- 
bellion, in  which  he  was  serving  as  cap- 

Our  subject  commenced  teaching  when 
sixteen,  in  Seville,  and  for  fourty-four 
years  since  has  been  engaged,  almost  un- 
remittingly, in  school  work,  giving  thirty- 
one  consecutive  years  of  this  time  to 
superintending  the  schools  of  Fremont, 
Ohio.  After  a  first  trial  in  a  small,  select 
school  at  home,  he  taught  two  winter 
schools  in  the  country,  and  then  in  the 
fall  of  1S53  organized  a  select  and  nor- 
mal school  at  Spencer,  Medina  Co.,  Ohio, 
over  which  he  continued  to  have  charge 
for  four  years,  building  up  a  large  and 
flourishing  school  which  drew  pupils  from 
thirty  miles  around.  He  immediately 
thereafter  took  charge  of  the  academy  in 
his  native  village,  which  he  taught  for 
three  years,  beginning  with  the  fall  of  1S57. 
In  both  these  schools  he  established  a 
reputation   as   a  most  successful  teacher. 

He  again  taught  in  Spencer  in  the  fall  of 
1860,  and  in  Wadsworth  in  1861  62;  in 
the  fall  of  1.S62  he  took  charge  of  the  pub- 
lic schools  of  Clyde,  Ohio,  and  after  two 
years  of  successful  work  there  was,  in 
1864,  elected  superintendent  of  the  Fre- 
mont public  schools.  Thirty-one  years 
have  rolled  away,  and  still  Prof.  Ross  is 
holding  his  position  of  superintendent. 
L'nder  his  supervision  great  improvement 
and  progress  ha\e  been  made,  and  Fre- 
mont boasts  that  no  city  is  her  peer  in 
school  equipment. 

During  the  vacations  of  his  school 
work  in  Spencer  and  Seville  Prof.  Ross 
studied  law  under  J.  C.  Johnson,  of  Se- 
ville, Herman  Canfield,  of  Medina  (who 
fell,  while  serving  as  lieutenant-colonel  of 
the  Seventy-second  Ohio  Regiment,  at 
Shiloh  .  and  in  the  office  of  Noble  &  Pal- 
mer, Cleveland,  Ohio,  and  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  in  1861.  More  or  less  famil- 
iar from  childhood  with  law  proceedings 
in  his  father's  courts,  where  he  was  ac- 
customed to  hear  such  distinguished  men 
as  D.  K.  Carter  (afterward  chief  justice 
of  the  District  of  Columbia)  and  John 
McSweeney  (one  of  America's  most  bril- 
liant bar  orators),  his  early  aspirations 
were  all  in  the  line  of  the  legal  profes- 
sion. His  health  had  partially  failed  him 
some  years  before  his  admission  to  the 
bar,  and  the  apprehension  that  his  health 
and  strength  would  not  justify  the  labors 
necessary  to  eminent  success  in  a  new 
profession  he  continued  to  work  in  a  field 
with  which  he  was  already  familiar,  and 
in  which  he  was  already  assured  of  suc- 
cess. It  was  nearly  a  score  of  years  be- 
fore he  fully  abandoned  the  study  of  the 
law,  but  he  was  eventually  well  satisfied 
with  his  chosen  work,  into  which,  from 
the  first,  he  threw  his  whole  soul  and  all 
his  energies.  He  never  recovered  vigor- 
ous health,  and  has  said  that  he  had  not 
seen  a  perfectly  well  day  in  forty  years. 
Although  achieving  an  immense  amount 
of  work,  he  has  always  found  it  necessary 
to  restrain  his  ambition  within  prescribed 



limits,  in  order  to  avoid  nervous  exhaus- 

He  early  evinced,  through  the  inspira- 
tion of  his  father,  his  academic  school 
life  and  the  environments  of  aiitc-bclhnn 
pioneer  times  on  the  Connecticut  Western 
Reserve,  a  love  for  historical,  dramatic 
and  forensic  literature,  for  public  debate 
and  general  politics.  In  his  earliest 
"  teens "  he  had  read,  re-read  and  re- 
written Plutarch's  Lives  and  gone  through 
Gibbon's  three  thousand  stately  pages. 
Always  punctual  in  his  school  composi- 
tion and  declamation  work,  he  early  laid 
a  foundation  for  subsequent  success  in 
public  speaking  on  the  lecture  and  polit- 
ical platform,  and  in  general  literary  work. 
In  his  earlier  school  work  he  prepared 
many  dramas,  Shakespearean  and  others, 
for  presentation  on  the  school  stage,  and 
found  in  the  preparatory  work  e.xcellent 
elocutionary  drills  both  for  himself  and 
pupils.  He  was  always  an  active  partici- 
pant in  the  debating  societies,  and  the 
mock  congresses  that  on  the  Connecticut 
Western  Reserve  were  wont  to  discuss,  in 
the  years  before  the  war,  the  great  ques- 
tions growing  out  of  slavery,  and  was  an 
active  public  speaker  in  the  Douglas  cam- 
paign of  i860.  His  services  were  always 
in  demand  on  the  Fourth  of  July  occa- 
sions, which  were  unfailingly  observed  in 
his  native  village. 

Prof.  Ross  has  ever  kept  abreast  with 
educational  progress  in  both  local  and 
national  matters.  He  has  served  three 
terms  as  a  member  of  the  Ohio  School 
Board  of  Examiners,  and  was  president  of 
the  same  most  of  the  time.  He  was  a 
candidate  for  State  School  Commissioner 
in  1 87 1,  but  being  a  Democrat  was  de- 
feated. He  has  served  as  president  of 
the  Ohio  State  Teachers'  Association, 
and  also  as  president  of  the  Tri- 
State  Teachers'  Association,  composed 
of  the  States  of  Ohio,  Indiana  and 
Michigan,  and  has  been  quite  a  regular 
attendant  of  the  National  Teachers'  As- 
sociation.     The  honorary  degree  of  M.  A. 

was  conferred  upon  him  by  Western  Re- 
serve College,  Hudson,  Ohio  (succeeded 
by  Adelbert  University).  As  an  educator 
Prof.  Ross  has  few  peers.  He  is  a  man 
of  broad  general  knowledge,  a  close  stu- 
dent of  economics,  and,  like  most  public 
economists,  is  an  ardent  advocate  of 
tariff  reform.  He  has  published  a  series 
of  masterly  pamphlets  on  tariff  reform, 
in  which  he  shows  the  absurdity  of  pro- 
tection, and  handles  McKinleyism  with- 
out gloves.  The  titles  of  some  of  the 
pamphlets  are:  "Tariff  Reform"  (pub- 
lished October  15,  1888),  "Indirect 
Tariff  Taxation,"  and  "Governor  Mc- 
Kinley,  at  Fremont,"  etc.  His  paper 
entitled  "  Free  Text  Books,"  read  before 
the  Ohio  Teachers'  Association,  at  Chau- 
tauqua, N.  Y. ,  and  published  in  Xh.^  Edu- 
cational Jlloiit/ily,  Akron,  Ohio,  and  in 
the  School  Commissioners'  Report  to  the 
Ohio  Legislature,  is  an  able  treatise  in 
favor  of  the  idea  it  suggests.  Prof.  Ross 
is  a  lecturer  of  ability,  and  his  patriotism 
and  true  Americanism  are  evident  in  all 
his  writings  and  lectures.  In  the  Con- 
gressional campaign  of  1894  his  name 
was  urged  by  his  party  friends  for  con- 
gressional honors;  but  he  declined  to 
allow  its  use,  stating  that  he  had  outlived 
all  personal  political  aspirations,  and  was 
conscious  that  he  had  not  the  health  and 
strength  to  stand  the  wear  and  worry  of  a 
congressional  campaign,  especially  the 
labors  of  the  stump.  Mr.  Ross  is  the 
inventor  of  a  set  of  dissected  mathemati- 
cal forms,  and  the  author  of  an  accom- 
panying treatise  for  illustrative  instruction 
in  mensuration  and  concrete  geometry, 
which  have  been  received  with  unqualified 
commendation  by  the  leading  educators 
of  the  country. 

Prof.  W.  W.  Ross  was  married,  in 
1863,  to  Miss  Julia  Houghton,  of  Well- 
ington, Ohio,  and  they  have  three  chil- 
dren: William  DeWitt,  who  has  charge 
of  the  high  school  at  Fremont,  Ohio; 
Clara  J. ;  and  Harry  Houghton.  In  re- 
ligious connection  Prof.  Ross  is  a  member 



of  the  M.  E.  Church,  and  has  had  charge 
of  the  Sunday-school  about  thirty  years. 
Socially  he  is  a  ineinbcr  of  the  Masonic 


JUDGE  JOHN  I.  GARN.  If  history 
teaches  by  example,  the  lessons  in- 
culcated by  biography  must  be  still 
more  impressive.  We  see  exhibited 
in  the  varities  of  human  character,  under 
different  circumstances,  something  to  in- 
struct us  in  our  duty,  and  to  encourage 
our  efforts,  under  every  emergency.  And, 
perhaps,  there  is  no  concurrence  of  events 
which  produce  this  effect  more  certainly, 
than  the  steps  by  which  distinction  has 
been  acquired  through  the  unaided  efforts 
of  youthful  enterprise,  as  illustrated  in  the 
life  of  Judge  John  I.  Gam. 

Our  subject  is  by  birth  a  Pennsylvan- 
ian,  having  been  born  in  Bedford  county 
October  27,  1833,  a  son  of  C.  M.  and 
Elizabeth  (Ickes)  Garn,  both  also  natives 
of  the  Keystone  State,  the  former  born  in 
Bedford  county,  in  1799,  the  latter  in 
York  county.  The  father  was  a  lifelong 
farmer  in  Bedford  county,  dying  there  at 
the  advanced  age  of  eighty-four  years,  the 
mother  passing  away  when  a  few  months 
older;  they  were  members  of  the  Lutheran 
Church,  and  in  politics  he  was  originally 
a  Whig,  later  a  Republican.  Frederick 
Garn,  father  of  C.  M.  Garn,  came  from 
his  native  country,  Holland,  to  America, 
settling  m  Pennsylvania.  Judge  Garn  is 
the  third,  in  the  order  of  birth,  in  a  family 
of  eleven  children,  a  brief  record  of  the 
others  being  as  follows:  Susan  (now  de- 
ceased; married  E.  Conrad,  and  lived  in 
Blair  county.  Penn. ;  Catherine  married 
S.  Mauk.  and  resided  in  Bedford  county, 
Penn. ;  George  lives  in  Sandusky  county, 
Ohio;  Daniel  also  lives  in  Sandusky  coun- 
ty; Hannah  married  John  Kesoberth;  Mar- 
garet lives  in  Bedford  county,  Penn. ;  the 
other  four  are  ileceased. 

Judge  Garn  received  a  liberal  educa- 
tion at  the  public  schools  of   his  native 

place,  and  assisted  his  parents  on  the 
farm  until  he  was  twenty-one  years  old, 
when  he  came  to  Sandusky  county  and 
bought  an  eighty-acre  farm  in  Jackson 
township  which  he  cleared  with  his  own 
hands  and  carried  on  some  eighteen  years. 
He  then  entered  the  service  of  the  Penn- 
sylvania Railroad  Company  as  ticket  and 
freight  agent  at  Millersville,  Sandusky 
Co.,  Ohio,  a  position  he  filled  with  effi- 
ciency the  long  period  of  twenty-one 
years,  when  he  came  to  Fremont.  In 
November,  1893,  he  was  elected,  on  the 
Republican  ticket,  probate  judge  of  San- 
dusky county,  taking  his  seat  February 
j  12,  1894.  While  at  Millersville  he  served 
as  justice  of  the  peace  some  fifteen  years, 
which  gave  him  good  insight  into  the 
laws  of  the  State,  thereby  well  qualifying 
him,  in  that  respect,  to  fill  the  position  of 
probate  judge. 

In  January.  1855,  Judge  Garn  was 
united  in  marriage  in  Sandusky  county 
with  Miss  Maria  Garn  (no  blood  relation), 
and  seven  children  were  born  to  them, 
to  wit:  Elizabeth  J.  married  Abram 
Rinebolt.  and  they  have  two  children — 
John  and  Minnie.  Anna  Mary  married 
Henry  Madison,  and  they  have  six  chil- 
dren— Lottie,  Anna.  John,  Charles,  Ida 
and  Grace.  Delilah  married  Robert  Mc- 
Caul,  and  has  one  child,  Minnie.  Han- 
nah is  the  wife  of  .Mexaiider  Claycom, 
and  has  one  child,  Delilah.  Sarah  C.  is 
at  home.  Minnie  is  at  home.  John  mar- 
ried and  is  now  deceased;  he  was  a  tele- 
graph operator.  In  religious  faith  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Garn  are  members  of  the  Evan- 
gelical Church,  and  they  are  both  highly 
respected  in  the  community;  socially  he 
is  affiliated  with  the  Knights  of  Honor. 

AK.  FERGUSON.  M  D.— The 
old-time  pioneers  of  the  far-famed 
Black  Swamp,  who  transformed 
a  howling  wilderness  into  the  gar- 
den spot  of  northern  Ohio,  are  fast  pass- 
ing   away.      Especially  is  this  noticeable 



in  the  case  of  the  pioneer  preachers, 
doctors  and  lawyers,  who  traveled  on  foot 
or  on  horseback  through  dense  forests, 
along  winding  obscure  roads  or  Indian 
trails,  to  visit  their  patrons  in  lonely 
cabins,  to  administer  their  primitive  rem- 
edies for  the  ailments  of  mind,  body  and 
soul.  As  an  example  of  one  of  the  best 
preserved  medical  gentlemen  of  those 
early  days,  who  is  now  an  octogenarian, 
and  whose  tales  of  adventure  and  privation, 
experienced  and  observed  among  the  early 
settlers  in  Woodville  township,  Sandusky 
county,  Ohio,  would  fill  a  volume,  we  in- 
troduce the  subject  of  this  sketch. 

Dr.  A.  R.  Ferguson,  Ballville  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  was  born  in 
Trumbull  county,  Ohio,  on  September 
20,  1 8 14,  a  son  of  Samuel  and  Mary 
(Ralston)  Ferguson.  Samuel  Ferguson 
was  born  in  Antrim  county,  Ireland,  and 
came  to  America  with  his  parents  when 
he  was  sixteen  years  of  age,  settling  in 
Beaver  county,  Penn.  He  was  the  young- 
est of  the  family,  a  farmer  by  occupation, 
a  Democrat  in  politics  and  a  member  of 
the  Seceders,  a  branch  of  the  Presbyte- 
rian Church.  About  the  year  1808  he 
married  Mary  Ralston,  who  was  then 
living  at  the  home  of  her  uncle,  Nathaniel 
Ralston.  In  Trumbull  county,  Ohio, 
during  the  war  of  1812,  SamuelFerguson 
and  Nathaniel  Ralston  were  drafted  into 
the  U.  S.  military  service,  and  were  sent 
under  Gen.  Wadsworth  to  guard  the 
mouth  of  the  Sandusky  river.  Mary 
Ralston  was  born  in  Pennsylvania,  in 
1776,  and  died  in  Trumbull  county,  Ohio, 
in  1854.  The  children  of  Samuel  and 
Mary  Ferguson  were:  (i)  James,  a  car- 
penter and  joiner,  of  Warren,  Trumbull 
Co.,  Ohio,  born  in  18 10,  died  in  1840;  (2) 
Andrew,  a  farmer,  same  locality,  born 
in  1812,  died  in  1889;  (3)  Archibald  R., 
our  subject;  (4)  William,  a  lawyer,  who 
went  to  the  West  and  died  there;  (5) 
John,  born  in  18 16,  who  died  in   Kansas. 

Our  subject  grew  to  manhood  in  Trum- 
bull county,  where    he  attended  common 

schools,  and  spent  several  years  at  Farm- 
ington  Academy.  He  studied  medicine 
about  four  years  under  John  W.  Seely, 
one  of  the  pioneer  doctors  of  Trumbull 
county,  who  became  one  of  the  leading 
stockholders  in  the  Western  Reserve  Bank 
at  Warren,  Ohio.  In  the  fall  of  1839 
Dr.  Ferguson  located  and  began  the  prac- 
tice of  medicine  in  Woodville,  Sandusky 
Co.,  Ohio.  Here  he  kept  a  small  drug 
store,  and  served  the  country  people  as 
family  physician  for  many  miles  around, 
during  a  period  of  about  twenty  years, 
traveling  usually  on  horseback.  His 
practice  was  unusually  lucrative,  netting 
him  $1,000  the  first  year.  In  addition  to 
his  medical  projects,  the  Doctor  also 
found  time  and  means  to  engage  in  sev- 
eral other  enterprises  which  were  profit- 
able. He  was  for  a  time  proprietor  of  an 
ashery,  a  dry-goods  store,  a  saw  and  grist 
mill,  and  he  built  at  Woodville  the  nicest 
tavern  stand  then  known  in  Sandusky 
county.  He  owned  the  first  buggy  ever 
used  in  Woodville,  for  which  he  bought 
the  wood-work  of  a  wagon-maker  at 
Tiffin,  Ohio,  had  the  ironing  done  at 
Lower  Sandusky,  and  did  the  painting  of 
it  himself.  During  the  construction  of 
the  Toledo,  Norwalk  &  Cleveland  rail- 
road through  Sandusky  county.  Dr.  Fer- 
guson was  emplo3'ed  by  the  projectors  of 
the  road  to  assist  in  securing  the  right  of 
way  through  Woodville  township,  and  to 
solicit  subscriptions  to  stock  from  indi- 
viduals and  trustees  in  Ballville  and  Green 
Creek  townships.  When  the  route  was 
changed  so  as  to  pass  through  Elmore 
instead  of  Woodville,  the  Doctor  lost  no 
time  in  selling  out  his  property  in  Wood- 
ville and  locating  in  Ballville  township, 
which  has  been  his  permanent  home  since 
that  time.  The  Doctor's  enterprise  and 
public  spirit  were  recognized  by  his  neigh- 
bors in  his  election  to  the  office  of  justice 
of  the  peace  two  terms  in  succession,  and 
to  the  office  of  sheriff  of  Sandusky  county, 
two  terms.  During  the  past  twenty  years 
he   has  devoted  most  of  his  time  to  the 



improvement  of  his  model  farm  of  200 
acres,  lyinj;  two  miles  east  of  Fremont, 
and  to  the  raisinp  of  choice  farm  products. 
He  was  for  several  years  president  of  the 
Sandusky  Comity  Farmers'  Club,  and  has 
since  that  time  kept  in  touch  with  the 
best  methods  of  agriculture  by  the  read- 
ing of  select  farming  literature.  He  has 
also  taken  an  active  interest  in  educa- 
tional matters  in  his  neighborhood.  From 
his  many  tales  of  pioneer  adventure  we 
give  the  following  as  a  sample:  Once  upon 
a  time  a  man  came  after  the  Doctor  from 
the  present  site  of  Pemberville  to  secure 
his  services  for  a  sick  friend,  and  returned 
homeward  on  foot  through  a  dense  forest, 
walking  some  distance  in  advance  of  the 
Doctor,  who  followed  on  horseback. 
Thinking  to  play  a  joke  on  the  Doctor, 
he  turned  aside  and  stood  behind  a  tree, 
and  howled  in  imitation  of  a  wolf.  The 
Doctor,  not  suspecting  deceit  in  his  fellow 
traveler,  yelled  and  shouted  to  scare  away 
the  supposed  wolf,  but  kept  briskly  on  his 
way.  In  a  few  minutes  he  heard  the  howl 
of  a  real  wolf  in  an  opposite  direction. 
In  a  short  time  the  man  who  had  raised 
the  tirst  howl  was  alarmed  by  the  howling 
of  a  pack  of  wolves,  and  had  to  run  like 
a  deer  to  escape  being  attacked  by  them. 
He  afterward  told  the  Doctor  that  he 
came  near  losing  his  life  by  trying  to  play 
this  unkind  trick  on  him  at  the  wrong 

Dr.  A.  K.  Ferguson  was  married  in 
1843  to  Miss  Marietta  Hart,  a  native  of 
New  York,  who  died  at  W'oodville,  Ohio, 
in  1850.  They  had  two  children:  (i) 
Archibald,  who  resides  at  Tiffin.  Ohio, 
was  a  soldier  in  the  Civil  war,  served  as 
bugle  boy  in  the  One  Hundred  and 
Eleventh  O.  \'.  I.,  and  now  receives  a 
pension;  has  two  children,  Lillie  and 
Clarence.  (2)  Mary,  who  died  at  Tiffin. 
Ohio,  at  the  age  of  thirty-one,  and  was 
buried  in  Mt.  Lebanon  Cemetery,  Ball- 
ville  township. 

After  the  death  of  his  first  wife  Dr. 
Ferguson    married,  in    1855,    Sevilla    E. 

Cook,  who  was  born  January  5.  1835.  in 
New  York  State,  a  daughter  of  John  G., 
and  Lucy  (Martin)  Cook.  Her  father 
was  born  in  1 776,  in  Massachusetts,  and 
her  mother  in  New  York.  Her  father  was 
wont  to  say:  "I  lived  si.x  weeks  under 
the  King  of  England,  and  then  rebelled." 
He  died  in  1861,  praying  for  the  success 
of  the  Union  army.  His  parents  were 
English,  and  came  to  America — a  part  of 
the  "  Pilgrim  Fathers."  The  children  of 
Dr.  Ferguson  by  his  second  marriage 
were :  William,  who  grew  up  on  his 
father's  farm,  married  Miss  Georgia  \'an- 
demark,  of  Green  Creek  township,  and 
their  children  are — Mabel,  Charles,  Fred 
and  Edward  Glenn;  Edward,  who  mar- 
ried Miss  Nattie  Young,  and  whose  chil- 
dren are  -  Ha/el,  Kupert  and  Clifton; 
Lillie  B.,  wife  of  Kelly  N.  Myers,  drug- 
gist, Fremont,  Ohio,  whose  children  are — 
Hazel  and  Cecile;  Nellie,  wife  of  George 
Harris,  whose  children  are — Hallie, 
Archie,  George  J.,  and  Ruth;  Lulu,  wife 
of  Hiram  Smith,  of  Fort  Wayne,  Ind., 
who  has  one  child— \'eta;  Sevilla  E., 
living  at  home;  Frank  R.,  a  citizen  of  the 
State  of  Washington,  who  married  Clara 
Whitmore,  and  has  two  children — Wan- 
eta  and  Wan;  and  Fannie  G.,  Alice  and 
John  Albert,  living  with  their  parents. 


EV.  MICHAEL  LONG.  Any  pio- 
neer record  of  the  Black  Swamp, 
in  northern  Ohio,  which  does  not 
give  an  account  of  the  old-time 
traveling  preachers  or  circuit  riders,  who 
did  so  much  to  cheer  the  homes  of  the 
early  settlers,  must  be  incomplete,  and 
any  list  of  such  itinerants  which  does  not 
include  the  familiar  name  of  Rev.  Michael 
Long  is  untrue  to  history.  For  more  than 
fifty  years  he  traversed  this  region  in 
every  direction,  and  thousands  loved  to 
listen  to  the  voice  of  his  unstudied  elo- 

Rev.  Michael  Long  was  bom   May  3, 
1814.  in   Guernsey  county,  Ohio,  son  of 



Daniel  and  Margaret  (Brill)  Long,  natives 
of  Pennsylvania.  He  vvas  reared  to  farm 
work,  and  was  educated  in  the  common 
schools.  At  an  early  age  he  joined  the 
United  Brethren  Church,  and  at  the  age 
of  twenty-one  years  was  licensed  to  preach 
the  Gospel.  In  1834  he  migrated  from 
Guernsey  to  Sandusky  county,  Ohio, 
where  he  married,  on  April  20,  1837, 
Miss  Sarah  Gear,  of  the  same  county,  and 
they  lived  at  various  places  most  conven- 
ient to  his  fields  of  labor.  On  April  26, 
1836,  he  joined  the  Sandusky  Conference, 
and  was  assigned  to  a  circuit  of  twenty- 
eight  appointments,  at  which  he  preached 
regularly  every  four  weeks,  requiring  for 
each  round  a  travel  of  four  hundred  miles, 
for  the  most  part  through  the  forests, 
either  on  foot  or  on  horseback.  For  his 
services  the  first  year  of  his  ministry  he 
received  a  salary  of  forty  dollars.  His 
circuit  the  second  year,  and  indeed  for 
quite  a  number  of  subsequent  years,  was 
much  like  the  first,  with  salary  ranging 
from  one  hundred  to  one  hundred  and 
seventy-five  dollars. 

He  was  an  active  itinerant,  and  for 
fifty  years  was  continuously  employed  by 
the  Conference  as  missionary,  pastor  or 
presiding  elder,  which,  with  one  year's 
subsequent  service  as  supply,  made  fifty- 
one  years  of  active  itinerant  life.  He  was 
a  member  of  the  Conference  and  present 
at  every  session  for  fifty-six  years,  never 
missing  the  opening  prayer.  For  many 
years  he  was  almost  constantly  engaged 
in  revival  work,  for  which  he  was  natur- 
ally fitted.  His  voice  was  wonderfully 
strong,  clear  and  voluminous,  his  nature 
genial  and  his  deportment  dignified.  He 
was  directly  instrumental  in  the  conver- 
sion and  addition  to  the  Church  of  about 
five  thousand  persons.  He  solemnized 
more  marriages  and  preached  more  fu- 
neral sermons  than  any  other  minister 
within  the  bounds  of  his  acquaintance,  and 
he  no  doubt  traveled  longer  and  suffered 
more  privations  than  any  other  minister 
in  his  Conference.      His  unwritten  stories 

of  daring  adventure  and  hair-breadth 
escapes  would  fill  a  volume.  When  trav- 
eling in  the  Maumee  Valley  he  sometimes 
passed  trains  of  Indians  half  a  mile  long. 
He  was  endowed  with  remarkable  phys- 
ical powers,  and  could  endure  hunger  and 
fatigue  with  little  apparent  discomfort. 
He  was  a  friend  to  the  so-called  higher 
education,  and  encouraged  it  in  his  family, 
the  fruits  of  this  being  manifest  in  the 
honorable  standing  of  his  three  sons  in 
the  active  ministry.  He  and  his  noble 
wife  were  examples  of  economy  after 
which  it  would  be  well  for  many  of  our 
young  people  to  pattern.  Starting  in  life 
with  scarcely  an3-thing  of  this  world's 
goods,  they  lived  within  their  small  in- 
come, and  so  managed  that  a  small  per 
cent,  was  saved  year  after  year  until  they 
were  able  to  provide  a  comfortable  home 
for  themselves  and  family,  near  Fremont, 
and  render  aid  in  the  education  of  their 
children  at  college.  Mrs.  Long  died  at 
the  family  residence  on  January  15,  1889, 
and  his  death  occurred  at  the  home  of  his 
nephew,  Rev.  James  Long,  at  Weston, 
Ohio,  November  17,  1891.  Their  chil- 
dren were:  Martha  Jane,  deceased  wife 
of  John  Ernsberger;  Desire  Angeline, 
wife  of  Martin  Maurer;  Rev.  N.  S.  Long, 
of  the  U.  B.  Church;  Rev.  B.  M.  Long,  of 
the  Presbyterian  Church;  Calista,  wife 
of  J.  W.  Worst;  and  Rev.  Milon  De  Witt 
Long,  of  the  Presbyterian  Church. 

FRANK  HEIM.  That  a  review  of 
the  life  of  such  an  energetic  and 
enterprising  individual  as  is  the 
subject  of  this  memoir  should  have 
prominent  place  in  the  pages  of  a  work  of 
this  kind  is  peculiarly  proper;  because  a 
knowledge  of  men,  whose  substantial 
record  rests  upon  their  attainments  and 
success,  must  at  all  times  exert  a  whole- 
some influence  on  the  rising  generation 
of  the  American  people,  and  can  not  fail 
to  be  more  or  less  interesting  to  those  of 
maturer  years. 




Mr.  Heim  was  born  February  26, 
1852,  in  tlie  State  of  New  York,  a  son  of 
Albert  and  Margaret  (Malkanuisj  Heim. 
natives  of  Hessia,  Germany,  the  father 
born  August  28,  1826,  the  mother  in 
1 83 1.  They  were  married  in  the  Father- 
land, soon  afterward  emigrating  to  the 
United  S  ates,  for  a  time  sojourning  in 
New  York  State,  whence,  in  1853,  they 
came  to  Fremont,  where  the  father  fol- 
lowed his  trade,  that  of  carpenter,  and  was 
also  in  the  retail  liquor  trade.  He  died 
November  25,  1867;  the  mother  passed 
away  in  1871.  Children  as  follows  were 
born  to  them:  Frank,  subject  of  sketch; 
Joseph,  now  living  in  Indian  Territory; 
William,  conducting  a  dry-goods  busi- 
ness in  Fremont,  and  Clara,  Henry 
and  Charles,  all  three  at  home.  The 
maternal  grandmother  of  this  family 
died  in  Germany  at  the  age  of  ninety 

The  subject  proper  of  these  lines  was 
about  a  year  old  when  his  parents 
brought  him  to  Fremont,  and  at  the 
public  schools  of  that  city  he  received 
a  liberal  education,  at  the  age  of  eigh- 
teen commencing  business  for  his  own 
account  in  the  retail  licjuor  trade.  In 
1877  he  purchased  an  interest  in  the 
Fremont  Brewery  Co.,  of  which  he  is 
now  the  president,  and  since  he  has  been 
associated  with  the  concern  its  output 
has  been  increased,  whilst  many  im- 
provements have  been  made.  He  is 
also  president  of  the  Electric  Light  and 
Power  Co.  of  Fremont,  and  of  the 
Opera  House  Co.  As  a  public-spirited 
and  liberal  citizen,  he  is  more  or  less 
identified  with  most  enterprises  tending 
to  the  welfare  of  the  city  and  the  com- 
munity at  large. 

On  March  27.  1890,  Mr.  Heim  was 
united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Delilah 
Soward,  who  was  bom  in  Seneca  county, 
Ohio,  daughter  of  Thomas  Soward.  In 
politics  our  subject  is  a  Republican,  and 
in  religious  faith  a  member  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  Church. 

SARDIS  BIRCHARD.  merchant, 
banker  and  philanthropist,  Fre- 
mont, Sandusky  county,  was  born 
at  Wilmington,  Windham  Co., 
Vt.,  January  15,  1801.  Both  of  his  par- 
ents died  when  he  was  yet  a  child,  the 
father,  Roger  Birchard,  in  1805,  the 
mother,  Drusilla  (.•\ustin)  Birchard,  in 
181 3.  Both  of  his  grandfathers  were 
Revolutionary  soldiers.  His  grandfather, 
Elias  Birchard,  died  of  disease  contracted 
in  the  service  toward  the  close  of  the  war. 
His  grandfather,  Capt.  Daniel  Austin, 
served  as  an  officer  under  Washington 
throughout  the  war.  and  survived  many 
years.  The  Birchards  were  among  the 
first  settlers  of  Norwich,  Connecticut. 

When  the  mother  of  our  subject  died, 
five  children  survived  her,  Sardis  being 
the  youngest.  He  was  placed  in  charge 
of  his  sister,  Sophia,  wife  of  Rutherford 
Hayes  (father  of  Gen.  R.  B.  Hayes),  be- 
came one  of  their  family,  and  lived  with 
them  at  Dummerston,  Vt.,  until  181 7, 
when  he  accompanied  them  in  their  emi- 
gration to  Ohio.  In  N'ermont  young 
Birchard  had  acquired  the  rudiments  of  an 
English  education,  by  an  irregular  at- 
tendance at  such  schools  as  were  in  ex- 
istence at  that  day  in  the  country  towns 
of  that  State.  He  had  also  become  an 
expert  hunter  and  horseman,  for  a  boy  of 
his  age,  and  gained  some  knowledge  of 
business  in  the  store  of  his  brother-in-law, 
Mr.  Hayes.  In  Ohio  he  worked  with  the 
latter  in  building,  farming,  driving  and 
taking  care  of  stock,  and  employing  all 
his  spare  time  in  hunting.  He  was  able 
with  his  rifle  to  supply  his  own  and  other 
families  with  turkeys  and  venison.  In 
1822  his  brother-in-law,  Mr.  Hayes,  died, 
leaving  a  widow  and  three  young  children 
and  a  large  unsettled  business.  Of  these 
children  of  his  sister,  the  eldest,  Lorenzo. 
was  drowned  at  the  age  of  ten  years; 
Fanny  became  the  wife  of  William  A. 
Piatt,  of  Columbus,  Ohio;  and  the  young- 
est, Rutherford  Birchard  Hayes,  born  the 
year  of  his  father's  death,  1822,  became 



the  nineteenth  President  of  the  United 
States.  Mr.  Birchard,  who  was  barely 
twenty-one  years  of  age,  at  once  assumed 
the  duties  of  the  head  of  the  family,  and 
applied  himself  diligently  to  the  manage- 
ment of  the  unsettled  affairs  of  the  es- 
tate, and  the  care  of  the  household.  In- 
heriting from  his  father  what  was  con- 
sidered a  handsome  start  for  a  young  man, 
possessing  a  genial  and  friendly  disposi- 
tion and  being  fond  of  wild  sports  and 
wild  company,  with  no  one  to  look  up  to  as 
entitled  to  control  or  advise  him,  his  fu- 
ture might  well  have  been  regarded  with 
apprehension.  He  was  then  a  slender, 
delicate,  handsome  youth,  with  engaging 
and  popular  manners,  and  was  a  favorite 
among  the  young  people  in  the  new  coun- 
try. Warmly  attached  to  his  sister  and 
her  children,  he  devoted  himself  to  their  in- 
terests and  was  the  mainstay  of  the  family. 
While  yet  a  boy  he  was  hired  to  help 
drive  some  hogs  to  Fort  Ball  (now  Tiffin), 
Ohio,  to  feed  the  first  settlers,  in  1817. 
This  was  his  first  visit  to  the  Sandusky 
region.  His  first  visit  to  Lower  San- 
dusky was  made  in  1824,  in  company  with 
Benjaming  Powers,  a  merchant  of  Dela- 
ware, Ohio.  They  stopped  at  Leason's 
tavern,  a  log  house  on  the  east  side  of 
Front  street,  where  Shomo's  Block  now 
stands.  The  pickets  were  still  standing 
around  Fort  Stephenson,  and  the  ditch 
was  quite  perfect.  The  village  then  con- 
tained about  two  hundred  inhabitants. 
After  a  trip  to  Portland  (now  Sandusky 
City),  they  returned  home,  and  the  same 
fall  Mr.  Birchard,  with  Stephen  R.  Ben- 
nett as  partner,  bought  and  drove  to  Bal- 
timore, in  the  first  cold  weather  of  the 
winter,  a  drove  of  fat  hogs.  Mr.  Birchard 
has  narrated  two  incidents  of  the  trip: 
The  young  men  had  to  swim  their  hogs 
across  the  Ohio  river  at  Wheeling,  and 
came  near  losing  all  of  them  by  the  swift 
current  of  the  river.  By  great  exertion, 
and  at  considerable  risk  to  themselves, 
they  got  all  but  four  or  five  across.  In 
the  meantime  they  were  overtaken  on  the 

road  by  a  tall  fine  looking  gentleman  on 
horseback,  who  had  also  a  carriage  drawn 
by  four  horses,  and  two  saddle  horses 
with  attendants.  The  gentleman  helped 
Mr.  Birchard  get  the  hogs  out  of  the  way, 
chatted  with  him  about  the  state  of  the 
markets,  and  the  prospects  of  the  weath- 
er, and  advised  him  as  to  the  best  way  to 
dispose  of  his  hogs  at  Baltimore.  This 
gentleman  turned  out  to  be  Gen.  Jackson, 
on  his  way  to  Washington  after  the  Pres- 
idential election  of  1824,  in  which  he  re- 
ceived the  highest  vote,  but  was  not 
finally  the  successful  candidate. 

In  the  summer  of  1825,  while  mowing 
in  the  hay  field,  Mr.  Birchard  was 
seriously  injured  in  health  by  over-exer- 
tion, his  ambition  not  allowing  him  to  fall 
behind  the  stronger  men.  From  the  ef- 
fects of  this  he  never  fully  recovered.  In 
the  winter  of  1825-26  he  was  confined  to 
his  bed  by  an  attack  called  "consump- 
tion," and  it  was  supposed  that  he  would 
not  live  until  spring;  but  his  cheerful  dispo- 
sition and  the  elasticity  of  his  constitution 
carried  him  through.  In  the  month  of 
May  he  set  out  on  horseback  eastward, 
making  short  daily  journe3's  as  his  strength 
would  permit,  and  in  due  time  reached 
Vermont,  where  he  remained  until  the  ap- 
proach of  winter,  when  he  traveled  south 
to  Georgia  and  remained  until  the  spring 
of  1827.  This  year  he  made  his  first 
purchase  of  goods  as  a  retail  dry-goods 
merchant.  He  went  to  New  York  with- 
out money  and  without  acquaintances, 
but  soon  found  a  friend  in  William  P. 
Dixon,  who  sold  him  a  stock  of  goods  in 
his  line,  and  recommended  him  to  others. 
His  stock  of  goods  was  made  up  and 
shipped  to  Cleveland,  himself  accompany- 
ing it,  intending  to  sell  to  laborers  on  the 
Ohio  canal,  which  was  then  being  built 
from  Cleveland  southward.  On  passing 
down  into  the  Tuscarawas  valley  he  be- 
camed  dissatisfied  with  that  trade,  sold 
part  of  his  goods  to  another  trader,  and 
took  the  rest  to  Fort  Ball  (now  Tifiin),  on 
the  west  side  of  the  Sandusky  river.    Here 



he  remained,  trading  successfully  with  the 
new  settlers,  until  December,  1S27,  when 
he  removed  to  Lower  Sandusky,  having 
decided  to  go  with  Dr.  L.  Q.  Rawson, 
who  preceded  him  a  few  days.  He  at 
first  went  into  business  alone  in  a  store, 
on  the  corner  of  Front  and  Croghan 
streets,  where  the  Dryfoos  clothing  house 
now  stands,  which  was  erected  and  owned 
by  Richard  Sears,  who  had  made  a  for- 
tune, trading  with  the  Indians,  and  had 
left  for  Buffalo,  N.  Y.  in  the  spring  of 

Though  there  were  three  other  stores 
in  the  place  and  two  distilleries,  Mr. 
Birchard  received  the  Indian  trade  to  a 
large  e.vtent  by  refusing  to  sell  them 
liquor.  He  was  in  trade  three  or  four 
years,  and,  having  accumulated  about  ten 
thousand  dollars,  considered  himself  rich 
enough  to  retire.  About  the  year  1831, 
however,  he  formed  a  partnership  with 
Rodolphus  Dickinson  and  Esbcn  Husted, 
himself  furnishing  the  capital.  The  firm 
name  was  R.  Dickinson  &  Co.,  and  they 
soon  had  in  operation  one  of  the  largest 
retail  stores  north  of  Columbus  and  west 
of  Cleveland,  their  yearly  sales  amount 
ing  to  fifty  thousand  dollars,  the  sales  being 
largely  on  credit.  Mr.  Birchard,  with 
Richard  Sears,  bought  the  first  sailing 
vessel  (each  owning  an  equal  interest),  a 
schooner  named  "John  Richards,"  worth 
then  four  thousand  dollars,  and  of  about 
one  hundred  tons  burden.  The  first  ship- 
ment of  wheat  out  of  Lower  Sandusky  was 
made  on  this  schooner,  and  it  was  prob- 
ably the  first  one  sent  eastward  from  any 
port  west  of  Cleveland. 

The  Indians  with  whom  Mr.  Birchard 
chiefly  traded  were  the  Senecas.  They 
drew  an  annuity  from  the  State  of  New 
York,  payable  at  Albany,  amounting  to 
$|,7CX3,  and  among  Mr.  Birchard's  cus- 
tomers, whom  he  trusted  during  the  year, 
were  Tall  Chief.  Hard  Hickory,  Seneca 
John,  Curley  Eye,  Good  Hunter  and 
others.  Before  the  annuity  was  paid  he 
would  get  authority  to  draw  money,  signed  I 

by  the  chiefs,  and  go  to  Albany  to  collect 
it.  This  he  did  three  times,  with  some 
risk  but  without  loss.  Besides  the  Seneca 
tribe  he  also  traded  with  the  Wyandots,. 
Ottawas,  and  a  few  Delawares.  The 
Senecas  owned  a  reservation  of  forty 
thousand  acres  east  of  the  Sandusky 
river,  on  the  line  of  Sandusky  and  Seneca 
counties.  Their  principal  settlement  was 
north  of  Green  Spring,  where  they  had  a 
mill  near  the  site  of  where  Stoner's  mill 
stood  later.  Their  Council  House  was 
not  far  from  the  mill,  northwestward. 
Mr.  Birchard  attended  some  of  the  Indian 
dances,  both  in  the  daytime  and  at  night, 
and  was  present  at  the  religious  ceremony 
of  burning  the  white  dogs.  The  Indians 
danced  in  the  Council  House,  in  the  center 
of  which  was  a  fire  over  which  was  boiling 
a  pot  of  corn  and  meat  Their  musicians 
had  in  their  hands  some  bundles  of  deer 
hoofs,  which  they  rattled  and  pounded  on 
a  skin  stretched  over  a  hoop.  Among 
the  white  men  who  joined  in  the  Indian 
dance,  were  Mr.  Birchard,  Rodolphus 
Dickinson,  Judge  Justice,  and  Mr.  Fifield. 
Mr.  Birchard  was  the  guest  at  night  of 
Hard  Hickory,  and  he  was  called  by  the 
Indians  "Ausequago, "  or  the  man  who 
owns  the  most  land.  Seneca  John  was 
in  the  habit  of  trading  with  Mr.  Birchard, 
and  called  at  the  store  to  see  the  amount 
of  indebtedness  the  evening  before  he 
was  killed  by  Coonstick  and  Steele  for 
witchcraft.  His  friend, Tall  Chief,  settled 
the  account  for  him  later,  as  he  believed 
that  no  Indian  can  enter  the  happy 
hunting  grounds  of  the  Spirit  Land  untif 
his  debts  are  paid.  This  chief  was  a  man. 
of  great  dignity  of  manner  and  character. 
In  their  business  transactions  these  In- 
dians were  generally  very  honest.  They 
would  not  steal  as  much  as  the  same  num- 
ber of  whites  with  the  same  opportunities. 
Mr.  Birchard  sometimes  had  his  store 
room  full  of  Indians,  sleeping  all  night  on 
the  floor,  with  no  watch  or  guard,  and  he 
himself  sleeping  on  a  cot  near  them.  The 
Indians  paid  for  goods  mostly  in  deer  skins. 



finely  dressed,  and  in  coon,  muskrat,  and 
sometimes  in  mink,  otter  and  bear  skins. 
The  Indians  dressed  these  skins  much  bet- 
ter than  white  men  could. 

In  1835  Mr.  Husted  died,  and  his 
place  in  Mr.  Birchard's  firm  was  taken  by 
George  Grant,  who  had  been  a  clerk  in 
the  establishment  since  its  formation.  He 
was  a  man  of  great  business  capacity  and 
energy,  of  prepossessing  appearance,  tall, 
slender,  of  fine  address  and  full  of  life  and 
ambition.  He  died  in  1 841,  at  the  age 
of  thirty-two,  after  which  the  firm  was 
dissolved,  and  the  business  settled  by  Mr. 

On  the  first  day  of  January,  1851,  Mr. 
Birchard,  in  partnership  with  Lucius  B. 
Otis,  established  the  first  banking  house 
in  Lower  Sandusky,  under  the  name  of 
Birchard  &  Otis.  On  the  removal  of 
Judge  Otis  to  Chicago,  in  1856,  Mr. 
Birchard  formed  a  partnership  with  Anson 
H.  Miller,  and  a  year  later  with  Dr. 
James  W.  Wilson,  under  the  name  of 
Birchard,  Miller  &  Company.  In  1863 
the  First  National  Bank  of  Fremont  was 
organized,  and  the  banking  house  of 
Birchard,  Miller  &  Co.,  was  merged  into 
it.  This  was  the  second  National  Bank 
organized  in  Ohio,  and  the  fifth  in  the 
United  States.  Mr.  Birchard  was  elected 
president  of  the  bank  at  its  organization, 
and  he  held  that  position  by  re-election 
until  his  death. 

When  Mr.  Birchard  came  to  reside  in 
Lower  Sandusky  there  were  only  two 
lawyers  in  the  place:  Harvey  J.  Harmon, 
was  cultivating  the  island  in  the  river, 
and  Rodolphus  Dickinson,  a  graduate  of 
Williams  College,  Mass.,  who  had  a  good 
knowledge  of  the  law,  having  studied 
under  Judge  Gustavus  Swan,  in  Colum- 
bus, Ohio.  The  latter  was  active  in  the 
politics  of  his  time,  was  thrice  elected  a 
member  of  the  Board  of  Public  Works, 
and  twice  elected  to  Congress,  and  died 
while  a  member  of  the  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives of  the  United  States,  in  1849. 
For   his    private  virtues  and    his    public 

services  he  is  still  held  in  grateful  remem- 
brance by  the  people  not  only  of  San- 
dusky county  but  throughout  northwest- 
ern Ohio. 

There  were  no  church  buildings  in 
Lower  Sandusky  in  1827.  Religious 
meetings  were  held  in  a  log  school  house 
that  stood  nearly  where  the  high  school 
building  is  on  Croghan  street.  Court 
was  held  in  the  same  building,  until  the 
frame  court  house  was  finished,  in  which 
Rev.  H.  Lang  afterward  lived.  The 
preachers  were  Rev.  Mr.  Harrington,  a 
Presbyterian,  and  Rev.  Mr.  Montgomery, 
a  Methodist  missionary,  who  lived  with 
the  Seneca  Indians,  near  Fort  Seneca. 

During  the  years  that  intervened 
between  his  arriving  at  manhood  and  his 
death,  Mr.  Birchard  was  ever  conspicu- 
ous in,  and  the  ardent  promoter  of,  every 
good  work  designed  to  advance  the  wel- 
fare of  the  town  of  his  residence.  As  has 
been  stated,  he  was  connected  with  the 
first  enterprise  that  opened  river  and  lake 
commerce  between  Fremont  and  Buffalo. 
Appropriations  by  the  State,  for  the  con- 
struction of  the  Western  Reserve  and 
Maumee  road,  had  in  him  an  early,  un- 
tiring, and  efficient  advocate;  and  through 
his  efforts  in  circulating  petitions  through 
the  State  to  influence  public  opinion,  and 
thus  secure  favorable  legislation,  that 
work  was  doubtless  completed  many  years 
earlier  than  it  otherwise  would  have  been. 

He  ne.xt  became  enlisted  in  the  enter- 
prise of  constructing  the  Toledo,  Nor- 
walk  &  Cleveland  railroad.  The  chances 
then  were  that  the  northern  and  rival 
route,  now  known  as  the  Northern  Divi- 
sion, would  be  constructed  first,  and  a 
long  struggle  ensued  between  the  sup- 
porters of  each  route.  In  connection 
with  C.  L.  Boalt,  of  Norwalk,  Mr. 
Birchard  was  so  effective  in  advancing 
the  success  of  the  southern  route,  by  the 
pledge  of  every  dollar  of  their  private 
fortunes,  and  thus  raising  the  funds  to 
prosecute  the  work,  that  the  issue  turned 
in  their  favor,  and  the  work  went  on  to 



completion  that,  but  for  their  extraordin- 
ary efforts,  would  probably  not  have  been 
finished  for  many  years  afterward.  Mr. 
Boalt  was  made  the  first  president  of  the 
road,  upon  the  organization  of  the  com- 
pany, and  heartily  co-operating  with  him, 
Mr.  Hirchard,  through  his  inlluence  with 
leading  capitalists  of  New  York,  was 
successful  in  obtaining  the  necessary 
means  to  push  forward  the  work. 

Mr.  Birchard  was  a  Whig  while  that 
party  existed,  and  subsequently  an  earn- 
est supporter  of  the  Republican  party, 
the  administration  of  Abraham  Lincoln, 
and  the  prosecution  of  the  war  for  the 
Union.  Hospitable,  warm-hearted  and 
friendly,  in  addition  to  his  contributions 
to  religious  and  benevolent  objects,  he 
cheerfully  aided  all  really  charitable  ob- 
jects. He  had  a  deep  sympathy  for  the 
poor,  and  could  not  bear  to  know  suffer- 
ing without  offering  relief.  During  the 
last  years  of  his  life,  when  poor  health 
required  confinement  at  home,  he  left 
with  Mr.  Miller,  cashier  of  the  bank, 
standing  instructions  to  contribute  liber- 
ally to  worthy  charities.  His  tenderness 
and  solicitude  for  the  unfortunate  is  illus- 
trated by  a  letter  which  Mr.  Miller  still 
preserves.  It  was  written  on  a  cold, 
stormy  day  in  early  winter,  and  reads  as 
follows:  "Mr.  Miller:  What  a  storm! 
I  fear  many  poor  people  are  suffering. 
If  you  hear  of  any  such,  give  liberally 
forme.      S.  Birchard." 

In  1 87 1,  Mr.  Birchard  presented  to 
the  city  of  Fremont  the  large  park  be- 
tween Birchard  avenue  and  Croghan 
street,  and  the  small  triangular  park  at 
the  junction  of  Birchard  and  Buckland 
avenues.  In  1873  he  set  apart  property 
amounting  to  fifty  thousand  dollars  for 
the  purpose  of  establishing  a  free  public 
library  in  Fremont,  appointed  trustees  to 
take  charge  of  the  fund,  and  provided 
for  their  perpetuity.  The  first  collection 
of  books  was  placed  in  Birchard  Hall, 
on  the  corner  of  Front  and  State  streets. 
In    order    to    obtain  a  location    suitable 

for  putting  up  a  library  building,  the 
trustees  united  with  the  city  council  to 
purchase  the  Fort  Stephenson  property 
at  a  total  cost  of  $18,000,  the  trustees 
paying  $6,000,  and  thus  was  secured 
the  famous  historic  locality  to  the  people 
of  Fremont  forever.  From  the  address  of 
Kev.  Dr.  Bushnell, delivered  at  the  laying  of 
the  corner-stone  of  the  Birchard  Library 
Building,  July  18,  1878,  we  take  the  fol- 
lowing: •'  It  was  not  in  his  thought,  at 
first,  that  this  bequest  of  his  should  be 
coupled  with  the  commemoration  of  the 
defense  of  Fort  Stephenson,  but  the 
proposal  to  join  with  the  city  council 
in  this  movement  received  his  hearty 
consent.  And  thus  the  building  itself 
with  its  uses,  and  the  site  on  which  it 
stands,  combine,  like  strands  of  gold, 
to  form  a  cord  of  hallowed  recollections 
ever  attaching  our  thoughts  alike  to  the 
deed  of  heroic  defense,  and  to  the  be- 
quest of  kindly  esteem.  For,  I  wish 
personally  to  take  this  occasion  to  sa^' 
that  the  bequest  for  this  library  was 
born  in  Mr.  Birchards  heart,  of  the 
most  kindly  consideration  for  the  people 
of  Fremont  and  of  Sandusky  county. 
I  know  whereof  I  speak,  for  this  is  not 
a  mere  inference.  He  first  determined 
to  devote  a  liberal  sum  of  money  to 
some  public  benefit  which  all  might  have 
opportunity  to  enjoy;  as  to  the  especial 
form  of  it  he  took  council,  and  what  he 
said  to  others  I  do  not  particularly  know, 
but  he  repeatedly  expressed  to  me  in  this 
connection,  his  kindly  feeling  toward  all 
in  the  community." 

Mr.  Birchards  gifts  to  the  city  are 
estimated  at  $70,000,  or  about  one-fifth 
of  his  estate.  In  addition  to  these  gifts 
made  during  his  lifetime  he  made  in  his 
will  bequests  to  Oberlin  College,  to  Home 
Missions,  to  the  Fremont  Ladies'  Relief 
Society,  and  to  the  Conger  Fund,  a  fund 
designed  for  the  relief  of  superannuated 

Mr.  Birchard  was  benevolent  to  a 
degree  and  in   a  manner   known  only  to 



his  most  intimate  friends.  Aid  in  neces- 
sity was  extended  to  many  when  none 
knew  it  except  the  recipients,  and  per- 
haps a  friend  whom  he  consulted.  Mr. 
Birchard  was  especially  devoted  to  the 
fine  arts,  and  during  his  eventful  life  made 
a  fine  collection  of  oil  paintings,  which 
will  eventually  form  one  of  the  chief  at- 
tractions of  Birchard  Library.  Among 
them  is  an  oil  painting  of  his  favorite 
horse,    "Ned." 

In  May,  1857,  Mr.  Birchard  became 
a  member  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  of 
Fremont,  and  he  remained  in  its  com- 
munion the  remainder  of  his  life.  He 
contributed  constantly  to  its  incidental 
and  benevolent  funds.  He  also  contrib- 
uted $7,000  to  the  erection  of  the  new 
edifice  now  occupied  by  the  congregations. 
In  this  he  took  especial  satisfaction.  He 
also  aided  other  congregations  without 
distinction  of  denomination.  He  gave 
most  satisfactory  evidence  of  sincerity  in 
his  religious  experience,  and  died  in  per- 
fect composure  of  mind.  He  had  talked 
much  with  his  friends  concerning  death, 
and  seemed  to  be  altogether  ready.  He 
was  one  of  the  marked  characters  in  the 
■early  history  of  the  country,  and  his  life 
was  fortunately  spared  to  a  ripe  old  age. 
Of  him  it  may  well  be  said,  as  the  faith- 
ful steward  he  received  the  gifts  of  for- 
tune and  gave,  in  his  turn,  freely  as  he 
had  received.  He  died  January  i,  1874, 
aged  seventy-three  years.  His  funeral  was 
attended  by  the  largest  concourse  of  citi- 
zens ever  assembled  on  such  an  occasion 
in  this  vicinity.  As  a  testimony  of  respect 
to  the  deceased  all  the  stores  and  shops  of 
the  city  were  closed  from  one  o'clock  un- 
til four,  in  the  afternoon,  when  he  was 
laid  to  rest  in  Oak  Wood  Cemetery. 

REV.  PATRICK  O'BRIEN,  pastor  of 
St.  Ann's  Congregation,  Fremont, 
was    born    at     Piltown,     County 
Wexford,    Ireland,    February   20, 
1844.      He  arrived  in   America  on  April 

15.  1857,  being  at  that  time  only  thirteen 
years  old. 

Like  all  young  men  of  his  age  and  na- 
tionality, seeking  a  home  in  the  New 
World,  our  subject  applied  himself  as- 
siduously to  the  task.  The  American 
Civil  war,  as  the  reader  well  knows,  com- 
menced in  1861,  and  our  subject  haviiig 
imbibed  that  spirit  of  patriotism  which  is 
so  characteristic  of  his  race,  handed  down 
to  him  by  his  undeniable  Celtic  ancestors, 
donned  the  blue,  enlisted  in  the  Northern 
army  for  the  purpose  of  assisting  the  Re- 
public in  preserving  the  life  of  the  Union. 
Owing  to  ill  health  he  could  not  render  his 
adopted  country  that  assistance  for  which 
he  had  hoped;  however,  he  did  his  duty 
as  a  loyal  subject  of  ' '  Uncle  Sam, "  to  the 
best  of  his  ability,  actuated  by  the  purest 
patriotic  motives,  until  by  reason  of  ill 
health,  he  was  discharged  from  the  or- 
ganization in  which  he  had  enlisted.  Af- 
ter his  return  from  the  service  he  resumed 
his  studies,  and  very  soon  realized  that 
his  vocation  was  that  of  a  priest.  He  was 
encouraged  by  his  parents  and  friends  in 
this  idea,  and  attended  college  with  a  view 
of  studying  for  the  sacred  ministry.  Fi- 
nally, Bishop  Rappe  received  him  into 
St.  Mary's  Seminary,  at  Cleveland,  Ohio, 
as  a  student,  and  in  a  short  time  the  stu- 
dent became  master  of  philosophy  and 
theology,  and  the  late  lamented  Rt.  Rev. 
Bishop  Gilmour,  D.  D.,  bishop  of  Cleve- 
land, ordained  him  priest  July  21,   1872. 

Father  O'Brien  has  been  recognized 
by  those  who  know  him  as  one  of  the 
ablest  priests  in  Ohio,  and  especially  in 
oratory  he  is  unsurpassed  anywhere  in 
this  section.  He  has  had  charge  of  the 
largest  congregations  in  the  diocese  of 
Cleveland;  was  for  some  years  pastor  of 
the  Immaculate  Conception  parish  in 
Toledo,  Ohio,  one  of  the  largest  English- 
speaking  congregation  in  that  city.  He 
was  transferred  from  the  Immaculate 
Conception  parish  to  St.  Francis  De- 
Sales,  on  Cherry  street,  Toledo,  and  re- 
mained there  a  short   time,  when  he   was 



again  transferred  to  the  pastorate  of  St. 
Patrick's  Congregation  of  Cleveland,  the 
largest  congregation  in  the  diocese. 
While  pastor  of  St.  Patrick's  he  built  one 
of  the  finest  schoolhouses  in  the  State, 
which  is  an  ornament  not  only  to  the  city 
of  Cleveland  but  to  the  State  of  Ohio. 

Owing  to  the  hard  work  that  he  was 
compelled  to  do  at  St.  Patrick's,  our  sub- 
ject was  broken  down  in  health  to  a  cer- 
tain extent,  and,  procuring  a  leave  of  ab- 
sence, he  traveled  abroad  extensively, 
making  a  flying  trip  to  Ireland  on  his 
way  to  Rome  and  Jerusalem.  During  his 
absence  he  wrote  very  interesting  letters 
on  his  travels  abroad,  which  were  pub- 
lished in  the  leading  journals  of  this  sec- 
tion. W'hile  visiting  in  the  Holy  Land 
he  encountered  a  severe  rain  storm,  and 
the  result  was  that  he  contracted  rheuma- 
tism, and  it  was  on  this  account  that  he 
asked  to  be  relieved  from  the  charge  of 
St.  Patrick's,  and  to  be  sent  to  a  place 
where  he  would  not  be  required  to  do  so 
much  work.  His  request  wns  granted, 
and  he  was  transferred  to  St.  Ann's,  Fre- 
mont, Ohio. 

While  Father  O'Brien  is  a  celebrated 
poet,  patriot  and  writer,  perhaps  his 
principal  work  outside  the  priesthood  is 
that  which  he  gives  to  the  temperence 
cause.  He  has  been  identified  with  the 
Catholic  Total  Abstinence  Union  of 
America  since  its  organization,  or  nearly 
so,  and  has  held  many  prominent  offices 
in  the  Union.  He  is  to-day  president  of 
the  C.  T.  A.  U.,  of  Ohio,  and  at  a  recent 
convention  held  in  New  York  City  was 
chairman  of  the  committee  on  resolutions, 
and  drafted  the  resolutions  which  created 
so  much  discussion  at  the  National  con- 
vention. He  is  a  thorough  American  in 
every  sense  and  meaning  of  that  word,  and 
is  respected  and  has  always  been  respected 
by  Protestants  and  Catholics  alike.  He 
was  assigned  to  the  pastorate  of  St.  Ann's, 
Fremont,  Ohio,  in  1893,  and  he  has  been 
a  valuable  accession  to  the  roll  of  the 
prominent  pastors  and  citizens,  and  both 

he  and  the  temperance  and  other  organ- 
izations of  St.  Ann's  have  done  a  vast 
amount  of  good  in  the  community. 

SAMUEL  DOLL.  Among  the  active 
spirits,  which  the  oil  and  gas  dis- 
coveries in  Sandusky  county  have 
brought  to  the  front  in  business 
circles,  the  name  of  Samuel  Doll  stands 
prominent.  He  is  a  widely-known  pio- 
neer of  Jackson  township,  and  in  the 
spring  of  1892  he  organized  the  S.  Doll 
Gas  &  Oil  Co.,  of  which  he  is  now  vice- 
president.  The  company  has  leased  a 
large  amount  of  land,  and  is  pushing  the 
new  industry  with  energy  and  dispatch, 
and  with  marked  success,  having  opened 
fourteen  or  more  wells,  the  majority  of 
which  have  produced  gas  in  paying  quan- 

Mr.  Doll  was  born  in  Jackson  town- 
ship, March  3,  1835,  son  of  John  and 
Catherine  (DayhofT)  Doll.  The  father 
was  born,  in  1797,  in  Bedford  county, 
Penn.,  married  in  that  State,  and  in  1S34 
migrated  to  Ohio,  settling  in  Jackson 
township.  Sandusky  county,  where  he  re- 
mained until  his  death,  in  1865.  He 
was  a  Democrat  in  ante-bellum  times,  but 
during  the  closing  years  of  his  life  he 
voted  the  Republican  ticket.  His  wife, 
Catherine  Dayhoff,  was  a  native  of  Mary- 
land, and  died  in  1875  at  the  age  of 
sixty-four  years.  A  large  family  of  chil- 
dren were  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Doll,  as 
fellows:  Two  who  died  in  infancy;  Joshua, 
who  enlisted  in  the  army  during  the 
Civil  war,  and  died  in  Tennessee;  John, 
who  married  Margaret  A.  Sprout,  and 
died  in  1890,  leaving  four  children — Ralph 
P.,  Nancy,  William  and  Fmma;  Daniel 
(deceased),  who  married  Adeline  Kennon 
and  had  six  children — Alice,  Byron  D., 
Elmer,  John,  Peter  and  Nettie;  Samuel, 
subject  of  this  sketch;  Mary  E.,  who 
became  the  wife  of  Solomon  Warner,  of 
Jackson  township,  and  has  had  seven 
children — Emma,    Laura,  Elsie,  Charles, 



Chauncey.Estelle  and  Blanche;  Sarah  A., 
who  died  young;  Noah,  a  resident  of 
Neosho  county,  Kans. ,  whose  children 
are  Alfred,  Chalmer,  Edith,  Henry  and 
Mary;  one  who  died  young;  Susan,  wife 
of  Isaac  Hite,  of  Jackson  township,  and 
mother  of  the  following  children — Doro- 
thy, William,  Francis,  Irvin,  Milan, 
Edward,  Lee,  Verna  and  Franklin;  and 
Jacob,  who  enlisted  in  the  fall  of  1864, 
and  died  at  Camp  Chase,  Ohio. 

Samuel  Doll  was  reared  in  the  pioneer 
wilderness  of  Jackson  township.  Educa- 
tional facilities  were  meager,  and  the 
ambitious  boy  or  girl  must  perforce  stimu- 
late his  or  her  waking  mental  powers  by 
poring  over  books  beside  the  log  blaze 
in  the  home  cabin.  Education  was  ob- 
scured, or  wholly  ignored.  Other  needs 
were  pressing.  The  clearing  of  the  land 
was  the  prime  consideration,  and  the  lad 
who  could  swing  the  ringing  axe  the 
lustiest  was  the  hero  of  the  day  rather 
than  the  pale-faced  youth  who  could  spell 
down  the  entire  school.  Mr.  Doll  amply 
filled  the  requirements  of  that  day,  as  he 
does,  too,  at  the  present  time.  He  was 
a  young  man  of  almost  gigantic  stature, 
and  of  unusual  strength  and  activity,  and 
even  to-day,  though  he  has  turned  his  six- 
tieth year,  he  can  do  more  physical  work 
than  many  a  man  at  forty.  He  was  mar- 
ried in  1S59,  to  Mary  Hummel,  who  was 
born  in  Scott  township,  April  12,  1839, 
daughter  of  George  J.  Hummel,  a  native 
of  Germany,  and  to  this  union  were  born 
eleven  children,  as  follows:  A.  J.,  born 
June  6,  1 860,  who  married  Emma  J.  Beau- 
man,  and  has  a  family  of  two  children 
■ — John  F.  and  Jay;  Mary  C. ,  wife  of  J.  F. 
Hartman,  and  mother  of  three  children — 
George,  Clark  and  Vera;  Harmannus, 
born  September  2,  1861,  died  in  infancy; 
John,  born  in  1862,  died  November  7, 
1872,  Lucy  M.,  wife  of  William  Hey- 
man,  of  Sandusky  county,  and  the  mother 
of  two  children — Cecil  and  Veva;  Eddie, 
who  died  in  1872,  aged  four  years,  nine 
months  and    twenty-seven  days;   George, 

who  died  November  12,  1872,  aged  two 
years,  one  month,  twenty-two  days;  Elsie, 
wife  of  F.  B.  Rollins;  Orville  and  Arvilda, 
twins;  and  Estella.  Mrs.  Doll  died  Jan- 
uary 21,  1889.  She  was  a  devoted  wife 
and  mother,  and  a  devout  member  of  the 
United  Brethren  Church,  where  Mr.  Doll 
also  worships.  Mr.  Doll  served  in  the 
Union  army  during  the  summer  of  1864 
at  Fort  Ethan  Allen,  near  Washington, 
and  he  is  now  a  member  of  Manville  Moore 
Post,  G.  A.  R. ,  Fremont.  He  is  a 
prominent  member  of  the  P.  of  L  Our 
subject  devoted  his  life  exclusively  to 
farming  up  to  the  time  he  entered  the 
oil  business,  and  now  owns  a  large  and 
well-cultivated  farm,  which  he  has  always 
tilled  with  signal  profit  and  success. 

ARD  HAYES,  the  better  part 
of  whose  life  is  so  closely  inter- 
woven with  the  history  of  this  en- 
tire nation — whether  we  speak  of  him  as 
General,  Governor,  or  President — was 
born  at  Delaware,  Ohio,  October  4,  1822. 
He  was  descended  from  George  Hayes, 
a  native  of  Scotland,  who  came  to  Amer- 
ica in  the  latter  part  of  the  seventeenth 
century,  settling  at  Windsor,  Conn.  Ruth- 
erford Hayes,  of  the  fifth  generation  from 
this  George  Hayes,  was  born,  in  1878,  in 
West  Brattleboro,  Vt.,  and  in  181 3  mar- 
ried Sophia  Birchard,  of  Wilmington,  in 
that  State,  "  a  lady  of  fine  intellect  and 
lovely  character."  In  18 17  the  family 
moved  to  Ohio,  the  trip  being  made  in  a 
covered  wagon  and  consuming  forty-seven 
days,  and  in  the  town  of  Delaware  they 
settled.  Here  in  July,  1822,  Mr.  Hayes 
died,  leaving  a  wife  and  one  daughter, 
and  in  less  than  three  months  the  future 
president  of  the  United  States  was  born, 
a  posthumous  child.  The  estate  and 
management  of  the  family  affairs  were  en- 
trusted to  Sardis  Birchard,  Mrs.  Hayes' 
brother,  then  a  young  man,  who  took  a 
loving  interest  in  his  sister's  welfare,  and 






>^^^v                    ^'   C^^^^^^ 



H^^^^^HP^K'*^  • 



K.  II.  11. \^  IS. 



became  very  fond  of  his  young  nephew, 
takiiifj  him  under  his  immediate  charge. 
The  lad  received  his  early  education  at  the 
common  schools,  attended  an  academy  at 
Norwalk,  Ohio,  and  in  1837  went  to  Isaac 
Webbs  school  at  Middletown,  Conn.,  to 
prepare  for  college.  In  1842  he  gradu- 
ated from  Kenyon  College,  valedictorian 
of  his  class.  During  this  school  period 
he  spent  a  large  part  of  his  vacation  time 
at  the  residence  of  his  uncle  at  Lower 
Sandusky  (now  Fremont),  Ohio;  in  the 
meantime  his  sister  had  married  William 
A.  Flatt,  of  Columbus,  and  the  mother 
made  her  home  in  that  city.  Having  con- 
cluded to  make  the  profession  of  law  his 
life  work,  Mr.  Hayes  commenced  study 
in  the  office  of  Thomas  Sparrow,  of  Col- 
umbus, Ohio,  and  was  graduated  at  the 
Law  School  of  Harvard  University,  in 
1S45,  on  May  10  of  which  year  he  was 
admitted  to  the  bar  at  Marietta,  Ohio. 
He  began  practice  at  Lower  Sandusky 
(now  Fremont)  where,  in  April,  1846,  he 
formed  a  partnership  with  Hon.  Ralph  P. 
Buckland  (now  also  deceased). 

In  1S49  he  opened  a  law  office  in  Cin- 
cinnati, where  he  soon  attracted  attention 
through  his  ability  and  acquirements,  and 
where  he  successfully  pursued  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession  till  the  breaking  out 
of  the  war  of  the  Rebellion.  In  1 856  he 
declined  a  nomination  for  judge  of  the 
Hamilton  County  Court  of  Common  Pleas. 
Two  years  later  he  was  appointed  city 
solicitor  of  Cincinnati,  and  served  until 
April.  1861.  On  the  organization  of  the 
Republican  party,  he  at  once  became  one 
of  its  active  supporters,  being  attracted 
thereto  by  his  strong  anti-slavery  senti- 

At  the  outbreak  of  the  war,  he  was 
elected  captain  of  the  militarv'  company 
formed  from  the  celebrated  Cincinnati 
Literary  Club.  In  June,  1861,  he  was 
appointed  major  of  the  Twenty-third 
O.  V.  I.,  and  in  July  following  his  regi- 
ment was  ordered  to  West  Virginia.  Gen. 
Hayes'  verj-  gallant  and  meritorious  mili- 

tary career  has  been  overlooked  in  the 
prominence  given  to  his  political  life.  An 
examination  of  his  record  in  the  army 
shows  that  such  brave,  gallant  and  able 
service  has  rarely  been  equalled,  even  in 
the  annals  of  war. 

In  August,  1864,  while  fighting  under 
Sheridan  in  the  Shenandoah  Valley,  Gen. 
Hayes  was  nominated  by  a  Republican 
district  convention,  in  Cincinnati,  as  a 
candidate  for  Congress.  He  was  elected 
by  a  majority  of  2,400.  The  General 
took  his  seat  in  Congress  December  4, 
1865,  and  was  appointed  chairman  of  the 
Library  committee.  In  1S66  he  was  re- 
elected to  Congress.  In  the  House  of 
Representatives  he  was  prominent  in  the 
councils  of  his  party. 

In  1867  he  was  the  Republican  can- 
didate fur  governor  of  Ohio,  and  elected 
over  Judge  Thurman.  In  1869,  he  was 
re-elected  governor  of  Ohio  over  George 
H.  Pendleton.  In  1872,  despite  his  fre- 
quently expressed  desire  to  retire  from 
public  life,  Gen.  Hayes  was  again  nomi- 
nated for  Congress  by  the  Republicans 
of  Cincinnati,  but  was  defeatad. 

In  1873  he  returned  to  Fremont,  and 
the  next  year  inherited  the  considerable 
estate  of  his  uncle,  Sardis  Birchard.  In 
1875,  notwithstanding  his  well-known 
desire  not  to  re-enter  public  life,  he  was 
again  nominated  for  governor  of  Ohio, 
and,  although  he  at  first  declined  the  honor, 
he  was  subsequently  induced  to  accept 
the  nomination,  and  after  a  hard-fought 
canvas  was  elected  over  William  Allen  by 
a  majority  of  5,500!  This  contest,  by 
reason  of  the  financial  issue  involved,  be- 
came a  national  one,  and  was  watched 
with  interest  throughout  the  country,  and 
as  a  result  he  was  nominated  for  the 
Presidency  on  the  seventh  ballot  of  the 
National  Republican  Convention  which 
met  at  Cincinnati  June  14,  1876.  The 
doubtful  result  of  the  election  in  three 
Southern  States  threw  the  whole  country 
into  a  state  of  an.xiety  which  continued 
until  inauguration  day;    but  Gen.  Hayes 



was  declared  elected  by  the  highest  author- 
ity in  the  government,  and  on  the  4th  of 
March,  1877,  he  took  his  seat  in  the 
Presidential  Chair. 

The  administration  of  President 
Hayes,  although  unsatisfactory  to  ma- 
chine politicians,  was  a  wise  and  conserv- 
ative one,  meeting  with  the  approval  of 
the  people  at  large.  Throughout,  his 
administration  was  intelligently  and  con- 
sistently conducted  with  but  one  motive 
in  view — the  greatest  good  to  the  country, 
regardless  of  party  affiliation.  That  he 
was  eminently  successful  in  this,  and  was 
as  wise,  patriotic,  progressive  and  benefi- 
cial in  its  effects  as  any  the  country  has 
enjoyed,  is  the  judgment  of  every  intelli- 
gent person  who  gives  it  an  unbiased 

On  the  expiration  of  his  term,  ex- 
President  Hayes  retired  to  his  home  in 
Fremont,  Ohio.  Here  he  died  January 
17.  1893.  of  neuralgia  of  the  heart,  deeply 
lamented  not  only  by  relations  and  friends, 
but  by  the  entire  nation,  whose  welfare 
he  had  ever  at  heart.  That  he  was  pre- 
eminently a  soldier,  his  career  as  such,  his 
interest  in  the  Grand  Army,  the  Loyal 
Legion,  the  Union  Veterans  Union,  and 
all  other  organizations  associated  with  the 
army,  prove  beyond  peradventure.  As  a 
lawyer  he  was  successful;  as  a  congress- 
man he  was  popular;  as  Governor  and 
President  he  revealed  the  statesman.  He 
was  never  idle — wherever  duty  called  there 
was  he  ever  to  be  found,  and  in  this  re- 
spect the  many  claims  upon  his  time  made 
him  almost  ubiquitous. 

Gen.  R.  B.  Hayes  was  the  recipient 
of  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  from  Kenyon, 
1868;  Harvard,  1877;  Yale,  1880;  and 
Johns  Hopkins  University,  1S81.  He 
was  commander-in-chief  of  the  military 
order  of  Loyal  Legion;  was  first  president 
of  the  Society  of  the  Army  of  West  Vir- 
ginia. He  was  president  of  the  John  F. 
Slater  Education  Fund,  and  one  of  the 
trustees  of  the  Peabody  Fund — both  for 
education  in   the    South.      He    was    also 


president  of  the  National  Prison  Reform 
Association,  and  a  trustee  of  a  large  num- 
ber of  charitable  and  educational  institu- 
tions. After  leaving  the  Presidency,  Mr. 
Hayes  was  actively  engaged  in  education- 
al, reformatory  and  benevolent  work,  and 
became  president  of  many  societies  and 
associations,  the  chief  object  of  which  was 
the  welfare  of  his  fellow-men.  Indeed, 
his  life  from  beginning  to  end  was  a  very 
busy  one,  and  no  less  beautiful. 

On  October  30,  1S52,  Gen.  R.  B. 
Hayes  was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss 
Lucy  Webb,  who  was  born  August  28, 
1 83 1,  in  Chillicothe,  Ohio,  at  that  time 
the  Capitol  of  the  State,  daughter  of  Dr. 
James  and  Maria  (Cook)  Webb,  and 
descended,  on  both  sides  of  the  house, 
from  Revolutionary  stock.  Miss  Webb 
was  instructed  by  the  university  profes- 
sors, preparatory  to  entering  the  Wes- 
leyan  Female  College  at  Cincinnati,  and 
it  was  while  attending  this  institution  that 
Mr.  Hayes  made  her  acquaintance.  Mrs. 
Hayes  first  became  known  to  the  outside 
world  during  the  Civil  war,  and  in  the 
army,  among  volunteer  soldiers,  she  found 
ample  opportunity  for  the  exercise  of  her 
rare  faculties  in  making  people  happy. 
Upon  learning  of  the  severe  wound  re- 
ceived by  her  husband  at  the  battle  of 
South  Mountain,  she  hastened  east  and 
joined  him  at  Middletown,  Md.  As  soon 
as  he  was  able  to  be  about  she  would 
spend  a  portion  of  each  day  in  the  hos- 
pitals, cheering  and  comforting  the  wound- 
ed of  both  armies  with  delicate  attentions 
and  tokens  of  sympathy.  Eminently 
social  and  domestic,  her  residence, 
"Spiegel  Grove,"  was  seldom  without 
visitors,  and  was  always,  in  every  station, 
mistress  of  her  own  household.  The  fol- 
lowing named  children  were  born  to  Gen. 
and  Mrs.  Hayes:  Birchard  A.  Hayes,  of 
Toledo;  Webb  C.  Hayes,  of  Cleveland; 
Rutherford  P.  Ha3'es,  of  Columbus,  and 
Fannie  and  Scott  R.  Hayes,  of  Fremont. 
Eight  years  of  beautiful  private  life  were 
granted   Mrs.    Hayes,  years    which    were 



filled  to  the  brim  with  joy  and  occupa- 
tion. On  June  21,  1889,  she  was  stricken 
with  apoplexy,  resulting  in  paralysis,  and 
on  the  2Sth  her  soul  took  flight.  She 
took  an  interest  in  all  charities,  and  was  a 
leader  among  the  originators  of  the  Sol- 
diers' and  Sailors*  Orphans'  Home  in 
Ohio.  She  was  also  a  member  of  the 
Womans'  Relief  Corps  of  the  State  of 
Ohio.  To  her  husband  and  herself  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  Church  in  Fremont 
is  largely  indebted  for  its  beautiful  Church 

T.WLOR  FULLER,  president  of 
the  Peoples  Bank  at  Clyde,  is  a 
business  man  of  recognized  and 
deser\ed  prominence  among  the 
diversified  interests  of  Sandusky  county. 
He  is  one  of  those  sound,  conservative 
men,  whose  judgment  is  rarely  if  ever  at 
fault.  He  possesses  a  mind  of  those 
qualities  which  thoroughly  grasp  the  sub- 
ject it  engages  itself  upon,  determines  its 
relation  to  extraneous  matters,  and  finally 
passes  unerring  judgment  upon  the  con- 
sequences of  given  conditions.  He  is 
thoroughly  conversant  with  the  principles 
which  rule  in  the  commercial  world. 
Men  like  him  are  needed  in  every  com- 
munity to  give  voice  to  sound  business 
principles,  and  to  give  proper  direction  to 
enterprise  and  industrj-. 

Mr.  Fuller  comes  of  sterling  pioneer 
stock.  He  was  born  in  Townsend  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  March  29,  1840, 
son  of  William  and  Emma  M.  (Levisee) 
Fuller.  William  Fuller  was  one  of  the 
hardy  and  respected  pioneers  of  Sandusky 
county  who,  perhaps,  met  with  more  than 
his  share  of  severe  hardships  and  misfor- 
tunes, but  whose  strength  of  character 
conquered  every  obstacle  and  bore  him 
safely  on  to  eventual  comfort  and  af- 
fluence. William  Fuller  was  born  in 
Hawley,  Mass. ,  Januarj-  23,  1799.  His 
father  was  Jason  Fuller,  a  native  of  Con- 
necticut,   where    he    was  born    May  24, 

1767.  When  a  young  man  Jason  Fuller 
moved  to  Massachusetts,  and  there  mar- 
ried Fhilanda  Taylor.  In  18 16  he  moved 
with  his  family  to  what  is  now  Livingston 
county,  N.  Y. ,  and  here  his  wife  died  two 
years  later,  aged  forty-nine  years.  Jason 
Fuller  died  October  25,  1819,  at  the 
home  of  his  son  William,  in  Milan  town- 
ship, Huron  county.  He  had  been  a 
farmer  through  life.  Both  he  and  his 
wife  were  honest,  upright  people,  and 
members  of  the  Baptist  Church.  They 
had  eight  children,  as  follows:  Cynthia, 
who  married,  in  Massachusetts,  Silas 
Pratt,  moved  in  1824  to  Sandusky  county, 
Ohio,  and  died  here;  Rachel,  who  mar- 
ried Amos  Hammond,  in  New  York  State, 
and  died  in  Michigan;  Philanda,  first  wife 
of  James  Morrill,  died  in  Massachusetts; 
Electa,  second  wife  of  James  Morrill,  died 
in  Kansas;  William,  father  of  Taylor  Ful- 
ler; John,  who  married  Rhoda  Powell  in 
Green  Creek  township,  and  died  in  Ne- 
braska; Betsey,  who  married  Ichabod 
Munger  in  New  York  State,  and  died  in 
Michigan;  Thomas,  who  married  Margaret 
Ewart  in  New  York,  and  died  in  Michigan. 
William  Fuller  remained  in  his  father's 
family  until  F"ebruary,  1818.  He  then 
started  alone  and  afoot  for  the  wilds  of 
Ohio,  arriving  thirteen  days  later  in  Milan 
township,  Huron  county,  where  his  father, 
his  eldest  sister  and  his  youngest  brother 
joined  him  two  weeks  later,  and  took  pos- 
session of  a  tract  of  land  for  which  Jason, 
the  father,  had  previously  negotiated. 
William  engaged  to  clear  ten  acres  as  a 
compensation  for  his  time  during  the  two 
remaining  years  of  his  minority.  In  July 
of  the  same  year  he  returned  to  New 
York  and  to  Massachusetts  on  business. 
While  at  the  New  York  home  his  tnother 
died,  before  the  father  could  arrive. 
Here  William  Fuller  married  Mehetable 
Botsford,  November  7,  1818,  and  in  Feb- 
ruary, with  his  wife  and  his  father,  re- 
turned to  Ohio  with  a  yoke  of  oxen  and  a 
sled,  the  journey  consuming  twenty-two 
days.      His  father  died  in  the   following 



autumn,  and  William  continued  to  re- 
side in  Milan  township  until  1824,  cul- 
tivating and  clearing  land  which  his 
father  had  negotiated  for,  but  had  never 
purchased.  In  1823  William  Fuller 
purchased  forty  acres  in  Green  Creek 
township,  Sandusky  county,  and  in  the 
spring  of  1824  moved  to  the  little  place 
and  began  to  clear  and  improve  it. 
But  misfortunes  overtook  him.  He  was 
taken  ill  in  June,  and  was  unable  to  work 
until  late  in  August.  Through  the  fall  he 
suffered  with  ague.  During  the  following 
summer  he  could  do  scarcely  any  work. 
In  August,  1826,  his  oxen  ran  away, 
throwing  his  eldest  child  from  the  cart, 
and  killing  him.  The  same  month  his 
wife  and  youngest  child  died.  Leaving 
his  two  remaining  children  in  the  care  of 
his  sister,  Mrs.  Hammond,  he  returned  to 
New  York  State  and  worked  there  four 
years.  He,  in  Livingston  county,  married 
Cynthia  Havens,  May  15,  1831,  and  with 
her  returned  to  his  home  in  Green  Creek 
township.  In  1S34  he  bought  wild  land 
in  Townsend  township,  and  again  began 
a  pioneer  career.  Death  entered  his 
household  January  23,  1835,  and  again 
took  away  his  wife.  Left  with  four  chil- 
dren to  care  for,  he  could  not  well  break 
up  housekeeping,  and  on  July  6,  1835,  he 
married  Marcia  M.  George,  a  native  of 
New  York  State.  She  survived  her  mar- 
riage just  one  year.  Mr.  Fuller  was 
again  united  in  marriage  October  19, 
1837,  this  time  to  Emma  M.  Levisee,  who 
survived  him.  She  was  born  in  Lima, 
N.  Y. ,  March  24,  1818,  daughter  of  Aaron 
and  Anna  (Lyon)  Levisee. 

Aaron  Levisee  was  born  in  New  Jersey, 
June  19,  1774,  son  of  James  Levisee,  who 
had  previously  moved  to  that  State  from 
Connecticut.  Aaron  was  the  eldest  child 
of  a  family  of  nine  children.  His  boy- 
hood was  passed  in  Connecticut  and 
Massachusetts.  He  acquired  a  fair  -edu- 
cation, followed  the  seas  three  years  as 
clerk  of  a  sailing  vessel,  then  taught 
school.        While    teaching    a     term    at 

Lanesborough,  Mass.,  he  had  for  a  pupil 
Anna  Lyon,  whom  he  soon  after  married. 
She  was  born  at  Lanesborough,  May  13, 
1778,  daughter  of  Thomas  and  Thankful 
Lyon,  both  natives  of  Massachusetts. 
After  marriage  Aaron  and  Anna  Levisee 
lived  in  Massachusetts,  in  Greenfield,  Sara- 
toga Co.,  N.  Y. ,  in  Lima,  Livingston  Co., 
N.  Y. ,  and  in  Allen,  Allegany  Co.,  N.  Y. 
Here  Aaron  Levisee  died  June  18,  1828. 
Four  years  later  the  widow  migrated  with 
her  children  to  Townsend  township,  San- 
dusky Co.,  Ohio.  In  1844  she  moved 
to  the  home  of  her  daughter,  Mrs.  Thank- 
ful Botsford,  near  Ann  Arbor,  Mich.,  and 
died  there  July  3,  1845.  The  nine  chil- 
dren of  Aaron  and  Anna  Levisee  were 
Almedia,  born  August  i,  1799,  married 
Ezra  Lyons,  and  died  in  Townsend  town- 
ship, Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  June  28,  1853; 
Eveline,  born  June  21,  1801,  married 
Hubbard  Jones,  and  died  in  Townsend 
township  June  13,  1873;  Thankful,  born 
July  15,  1804,  married  David  Botsford, 
and  died  in  Washtenaw  county,  Mich. ; 
Eliza  Ann,  born  May  6,  1806,  first  mar- 
ried to  Jonathan  Wisner,  afterward  to 
Joseph  Cummings  (she  died  in  Townsend 
township  November  6,  1838);  John  L. 
and  Sarah  L.  (twins),  born  July  4,  1809, 
the  former  a  prominent  citizen  of  Town- 
send  township,  died  at  the  age  of  eighty- 
six,  the  latter  dying  at  the  age  of  four  years 
in  1813;  Sarah  Sophia,  born  February 
14,  181 5,  married  Charles  Gillett,  and 
died  in  Steuben  county,  Ind. ,  March  16, 
1847;  Emma  M.,  born  March  24,  181 8; 
and  Aaron  Burton,  born  March  18,  1821, 
a  prominent  lawyer  of  Fargo,  North 

After  his  marriage  to  Emma  M.  Levi- 
see, William  Fuller  continued  farming  in 
Townsend  township.  His  industry  and 
patience  were  rewarded  in  time.  He  ac- 
quired much  land,  and  each  of  his  five 
sons  who  grew  to  maturity  were  helped 
to  a  farm  by  their  father.  William  Fuller 
was  a  Democrat  until  1856;  but  from  that 
time  to  his  death,  which  occurred  Janu- 



ar)- 7,  1S84,  he  wasa  Rcpublicin.  In  re- 
ligious faith  lie  was  a  Universalist.  Two 
children  by  his  first  wife,  Uavid  and  John, 
grew  to  maturity.  David  was  born  July  8, 
1S21,  married,  for  his  first  wife,  Mary  Z. 
Hi;;lcy,  and,  for  his  second,  Eli/a  J. 
Plumb.  He  died  May  18, 1879.  John, born 
April  7,  1823.  married  Eliza  Mallory,  and 
removed  to  Branch  county,  Mich.  By  his 
second  wife  William  Fuller  had  two  chil- 
dren: William  T.,  who  was  born  April  lO, 
1832,  married  Mary  J.  Van  Buskirk,  and 
resides  at  Townsend;  and  Cynthia  M., 
born  November  2,  1833,  and  died  Decem- 
ber 22,  1853.  One  child  was  born  to  his 
third  wife,  Jason  E.,  who  died  in  infancy. 
Three  children  were  born  to  William  and 
Emma  M.  (Levisee)  Fuller,  as  follows: 
Taylor,  James  and  Albert.  James  was 
born  October  13.  1844,  married  Betsey 
Richards,  and  lives  in  Townsend  town- 
ship; Albert,  born  June  22,  1846,  died 
September  26,   1849. 

Taylor  Fuller,  the  eldest  of  these  three 
children,  grew  up  on  the  farm  in  Town- 
send  township,  and  attended  the  district 
schools.  He  enlisted  in  August.  1862,  in 
Company  K,  One  Hundred  O.  \'.  I., 
which  was  organized  at  Toledo.  The 
regiment  was  sent  to  Kentucky,  and  oper- 
ated against  the  forces  of  Gen.  Kirby 
Smith.  During  the  winter  of  1862-6311 
remained  in  the  vicinity  of  Lexington, 
and  in  the  fall  of  1863  crossed  the  moun- 
tains to  Kno.wille,  Tenn.  A  detachment 
of  240  men,  sent  up  to  the  Virginia  State 
line  to  guard  the  railroad,  was  captured 
by  the  Rebels.  The  regiment  was  en- 
gaged in  nearly  every  battle  of  the  Atlanta 
campaign,  then  returned  to  Tennessee, 
and  met  Hood  at  Columbia.  Franklin  and 
at  Nashville.  After  Hood's  defeat  at 
Nashville,  Mr.  Fuller,  then  a  sergeant, 
went  with  the  command  to  North  Caro- 
lina. It  was  actively  engaged  at  Wil- 
mington and  assisted  in  the  capture  of 
that  city,  then  moved  to  Goldsboro  and 
met  Shermans  army.  The  regiment  was 
mustered    out    at    Greensboro.     N.    C, 

June  20.  1865,  and  discharged  at  Cleve- 
land, July  I,  following.  Sergt.  Fuller  was 
a  faithful  soldier,  and  was  with  the  regi- 
ment during  the  whole  of  its  active  and 
eventful  service.  Returning  to  his  home, 
he  again  took  up  the  vocations  of  peace. 
On  December  3.  1867,  he  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Lina  E.  Stone,  who  was  born 
in  Seneca  county.  Ohio,  April  15,  1843. 
Their  only  child,  Dermont  E.,  was  born 
November  6,  1868,  and  was  educated  in 
the  schools  of  Clyde  and  at  the  Ohio 
Wesleyan  University,  Delaware;  he  is 
now  assistant  cashier  of  the  Peoples  Bank 
at  Clyde.  Taylor  Fuller  began  house- 
keeping on  a  farm  in  Townsend  township 
which  he  had  previously  purchased,  but 
later  settled  on  his  present  farm  in  York 
township.  Besides  looking  after  his  farm- 
ing interests  he  has  been  one  of  the  lead- 
ing stock  farmers  at  Clyde  for  ten  years 
or  more,  and  for  a  number  of  years  he 
has  been  a  prominent  wool  dealer  also. 
He  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Peo- 
ples Bank,  which  was  organized  in  1883 
with  a  capital  stock  of  $50,000,  and  which 
is  one  of  the  leading  and  prosperous  finan- 
cial institutions  of  the  county.  He  served 
as  vice-president  continuously  until  elected 
to  his  present  responsible  position  of  presi- 
dent of  the  bank.  In  politics  Mr.  Fuller 
is  a  pronounced  Republican.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  G.  .\.  R..  and  of  the 
U.  V.  U.  No  man  in  the  township  ranks 
higher  as  a  public-spirited  citizen,  and  as 
a  capable  business  man. 

(deceased).  For  over  seventy  years 
this  venerable  and  hearty  pioneer 
was  a  resident  of  Green  Creek 
township.  Sandusky  county,  and  at  the 
time  of  his  death  he  was  one  of  the  oldest 
settlers  of  the  county.  When  his  people 
came  to  the  wilderness  there  was  not  a 
residence  of  any  kind  between  Green 
Creek  township  and  Sandusky  Bay,  and 
Indians   inhabited   the   woods   on  every 



side.  It  was  in  1820  that  Jonathan  Rath- 
bun,  grandfather  of  Saxton  S.,  migrated 
from  Genesee  county,  N.  Y. ,  to  Ohio, 
settling  first  in  Lorain  county,  and  four 
years  later  coming  to  the  farm  in  Green 
Creek  township  lately  occupied  by  S.  S. 
Rathbun,  where  he  permanently  located. 
Jonathan  Rathbun  was  one  of  three 
brothers  who  emigrated  from  England  to 
America  and  the  fourth  in  a  family  of  ten, 
children.  He  settled  in  Tyringham, 
Mass.,  and  later  migrated  with  his  family 
to  Genesee  county,  N.  Y.  He  had  four 
sons — Clark,  Chaplin,  Lucius  and  Mar- 
tin— and  four  daughters — Sally,  Marvel, 
Eliza  and  Laura — all  of  whom  moved  with 
him  to  the  Western  home. 

Chaplin  Rathbun,  father  of  Saxton  S., 
was  born  in  Tyringham,  Mass.,  July  3, 
1793.  He  was  married  in  New  York 
State  to  Lucinda  Sutliff,  who  was  born 
on  the  Genesee  river.  New  York  State,  in 
1792,  and  whose  grandfather.  Gad  Sut- 
liff, a  ship  carpenter  by  vocation,  emi- 
grated from  England,  and  died  in  New 
York  State,  at  the  age  of  ninety-three 
years.  Many  of  his  descendants  now 
live  in  Lorain  county,  Ohio,  among 
them  being  William  H.  H.  Sutliff,  of 
Wellington.  The  children  of  Chap- 
lin and  Lucinda  Rathbun  were  as 
follows:  Saxton  S. ,  born  in  Genesee 
county,  N.  Y. ,  June  3,  1813;  Jeannette, 
who  married  James  Cleveland,  and  died 
in  Green  Creek  township;  Jonathan,  who 
died  aged  seven  years;  Catherine,  who 
married  Christian  Huss,  and  died  in  1894; 
Lucinda,  married  to  Morris  Lemmon,  and 
died  in  Steuben  county,  Ind. ;  Sarah,  who 
married  H.  Foster,  and  died  recently  in  La 
Grange  county,  Ind. ;  Bliss,  who  died  in 
Green  Creek  township,  aged  twenty- 
five  years;  Eliza,  wife  of  John  Hunter,  of 
La  Grange  county,  Ind.  Chaplin  Rath- 
bun died  January  i,  1865.  He  was  a  man 
of  large  size,  hardy  constitution  and  mus- 
cular frame.  In  politics  he  was  a  Whig 
and  Republican  successively. 

Saxton    S.    Rathbun    was    a    lad    of 

eleven  years  when  his  parents  entered  the 
dense  wilderness  which  covered  the  now 
fertile  farms  of  Green  Creek  township. 
The  educational  possibilities  of  the  back- 
woods were  not  great,  but  he  took  ad- 
vantage of  such  opportunities  as  the  fron- 
tier then  afforded.  He  attended  a  school 
in  a  log  cabin  wherein,  as  a  substitute  for 
a  window,  a  hole  was  cut  in  a  log  and 
paper  pasted  over  the  opening.  On 
April  9,  1S35,  he  was  married  to  Bar- 
bara E.  Huss,  born  in  Lancaster  county, 
Penn.,  December  27,  18 16,  and  their 
children  were  as  follows:  (i)  Edwin,  born 
March  10,  1837,  who,  while  a  river  man, 
unmarried,  died  of  yellow  fever  at  St. 
Louis,  Mo.,  in  1880.  (2)  Norton  G., 
born  September  19,  1839,  now  of  Green 
Creek  township,  an  ex-county  commis- 
sioner, married,  and  is  the  father  of  three 
children — Edwin,  Arthur  and  Herman. 
(3)  Burton,  married,  and  is  the  father  of 
one  child — Leonard.  (4)  Thaddeus,  who 
died  aged  eight  years.  (5)  James,  who 
yielded  up  his  life  for  his  country  on  the 
battlefield  of  Stone  River,  December  30, 
1862,  after  a  service  of  nearly  two  years; 
he  was  a  member  of  the  121st  Illinois 
Regiment,  in  the  division  of  Gen.  Rose- 
crans;  was  six  feet  one  inch  tall  in  his 
stockings;  alwa3's  read}'  for  duty,  and  the 
best  man  in  his  regiment;  the  bereaved 
father  went  to  Tennessee  and  brought 
home  the  remains.  (6)  Norman  died  of 
t3'phoid  fever,  aged  twenty-two  years. 
(7)  Chaplin  L.  married,  and  is  the  father 
of  eight  children — Harry,  Edith,  Fannie, 
James,  Nina,  Lucy,  Ollie  and  Mabel.  (8) 
Lucinda  is  the  wife  of  Charles  Storer  and 
the  mother  of  five  children — Alice,  Bes- 
sie, Mary,  James  and  Carrie.  (9)  Brace, 
of  Eaton  Rapids,  Mich.,  is  the  father  of 
three  children,  one  of  whom  died  at  the 
age  of  four  years,  those  living  being  Ban- 
nie  and  Bertha.  (10)  Orvilla,  wife  of  H. 
Sackrider,  of  Fremont,  is  the  mother  of 
five  children,  two  of  whom  died  in  in- 
fancy, the  living  being  Lynn,  Blanche 
and  Grace.      (11)   Jacob  died  in  infancy. 



(i2)  John  E.,  connected  with  the  Oak- 
wood  Cemetery  Association,  of  Fremont, 
for  the  past  fifteen  years,  has  one  child — 
Ferra  Fern. 

After  his  marriage  Mr.  Rathbun  pur- 
chased eifjhty  acres  of  land  in  Green 
Creek  township.  The  original  deed  for 
the  land  bears  the  signature  of  Andrew 
Jackson,  President,  under  date  of  1832, 
and  Mr.  Rathbun  paid  for  the  land  by 
working  fur  $  1  o  per  month.  Nobly  aided 
by  his  wife,  he  essayed  the  task  of  clear- 
ing the  land,  and  gradually  increased  the 
acreage  until  it  developed  into  the  pres- 
ent excellent  farm  of  200  acres,  all  of 
which  was  acquired  and  improved  by  its 
worthy  owner  and  his  faithful  helpmeet 
and  co-worker,  whose  loss  by  death,  oc- 
curring March  13.  1894,  he  deeply 
mourned.  The  rearing  and  educating  of 
their  large  family  consumed  much  of  her 
time,  but  she  proved  equal  to  the  stern 
responsibilities,  and  to  her  Mr.  Rathbun 
ascribed  due  meed  for  the  efficient  man- 
ner in  which  she  contributed  to  the  accu- 
mulation of  the  estate.  In  politics  Mr. 
Rathbun  was  a  Democrat  until  the  open- 
ing of  the  Civil  war,  after  which  time  he 
was  a  Republican.  He  was  trustee  of 
the  township  fourteen  years.  In  the  es- 
teem of  his  fellow  citizens  no  man  ranked 
higher  than  this  brave  and  earnest  pio- 
neer. His  life  work  was  well  done,  and 
its  remembrance  will  Imger  long  in  the 
memories  of  men.  He  passed  from  earth 
February  3,   1895. 

WB.  HEIM.  Among  the  enter- 
prising and  successful  young 
business  men  of  Fremont,  San- 
dusky county,  may  be  justly 
mentioned  William  B.  Heim,  of  the  well 
known  dry-goods  firm  of  Heim  &  Barnum, 
corner  of  Front  and  State  streets.  Al- 
though of  German  parentage,  Mr.  Heim 
is  a  native  of  the  "  Buckeye  State,"  hav- 
ing been  born  in  Fremont,  Ohio,  June  6, 

1S57,  a  son  of  Albert  and  Margaret  (Mal- 
kamus)  Heim. 

William  B.  Heim  entered  business  life 
as  a  clerk  in  the  dry-goods  store  of  J. 
Ryan,  in  1875,  and  remained  in  that  ca- 
pacity until  1882.  Having  mastered  the 
problems  involved  in  mercantile  transac- 
tions thoroughly,  and  economized  his 
time  and  means,  he  found  himself  ready 
to  embark  in  an  enterprise  for  himself, 
and  in  1S85  became  a  member  of  the  firm 
of  Heim  &  Richards,  successors  to  J. 
Ryan.  This  firm  was  afterward  changed 
to  Heim  &  Barnum,  our  subject  remain- 
ing connected  with  the  firm.  There  are 
few  men  in  any  community  who  can  boast 
of  having  gained  the  confidence  of  the 
public  more  thoroughly  than  he;  and  this 
has  been  done  by  fair  dealing  and  genuine 
courtesy.  The  store  of  Heim  &  Barnum, 
No.  1 16  N.  Front  street,  is  86  by  23  feet, 
and  they  occupy  part  of  the  second  story  of 
of  the  building;  eight  clerks  are  employed. 

Mr.  Heim  was  married  in  1887  to 
Miss  Clara  A.  Dorr,  of  Fremont,  and  they 
have  one  child,  Bogniard.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Heim  are  both  possessed  of  good  educa- 
tional ideas,  and  their  aim  is  to  give  their 
son  the  advantage  of  modern  methods  of 
culture.  Mr.  Heim  is  a  Democrat,  a 
member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Church, 
and  of  the  National  Union. 

HON.  JOHN  KELLY  (deceased), 
who,  for  the  long  period  of  over  half 
a  century,  was  a  resident  of  what 
is  known  as  the  Peninsula,  Ottawa 
county,  was  born  in  the  city  of  Truy,  N.Y., 
December  14,  1809.  In  the  fall  of  18 18 
he  came  to  Ohio  with  his  father,  the  fam- 
ily settling  at  Sandusky,  at  that  time  a 
wilderness  inhabited  by  Indians  and  wild 
animals.  In  1832  our  subject  moved  to 
the  Peninsula,  and  on  July  23,  1835,  was 
married  to  Elizabeth  Pettibone,  soon 
after  which  event  he  purchased  the  farm 
whereon  he  passed  the  rest  of  his  days. 
Mr.    Kelly    enjoyed    about   the   usual 



school  advantages  of  pioneer  days,  and, 
such  as  they  were,  they  ended  with  his 
fourteenth  year;  but  his  extreme  fondness 
for  reading  in  a  measure  suppHed  the 
deficiencies  of  his  early  training.  The 
Bible,  the  Iliad,  Shakespeare,  Goldsmith, 
Scott,  Burns  and  Byron  were  among  his 
favorite  books  and  authors.  He  was  a 
man  of  strong,  resolute,  independent 
character,  possessed  of  deep  convictions 
which  were  not  shaken  in  the  least,  even 
if  all  the  world  disagreed  with  him.  He 
would  allow  himself  to  be  under  no  obli- 
gations to  any  one,  and  would  not  suffer 
anybody  to  have  any  power  or  control 
over  him.  He  would  deny  himself  a  ne- 
cessity before  he  would  contract  a  debt 
that  might  embarass  him  in  the  future. 
He  was  very  exact  in  the  performance  of 
all  his  engagements;  a  debt  with  him  must 
always  be  paid  on  the  day  it  fell  due. 
Though  not  pretending  to  a  knowledge  of 
the  details  of  the  law,  he  was  well-versed 
in  legal  maxims,  and  had  such  rare  judg- 
ment in  their  application  that  he  was 
often  called  upon  by  his  neighbors  for 
legal  advice,  and  in  this  way  ofttimes 
rendered  them  material  aid.  He  had  a 
retentive  memory,  and  could  repeat  en- 
tire many  of  the  longer  poems  of  his 
favorite  poet,  Burns.  He  never  held  a 
public  position  that  was  not  given  with- 
out asking.  He  served  his  township  as 
justice  of  the  peace  for  twelve  consecu- 
tive years,  and  held  various  other  minor 
public  positions.  In  1862  he  was  elected, 
on  the  Republican  ticket,  to  represent  the 
Thirtieth  Senatorial  District  in  the  Fifty- 
fifth  General  Assembly  of  Ohio,  wherein 
he  served  a  term  of  two  years — 1862-63. 
Mr.  Kelly  firmly  believed  in  an  over- 
ruling Providence,  in  retribution  for  evil 
doing,  and  in  good  works  as  an  infallible 
index  of  good  character;  further  than  which 
it  is  doubtful  whether  he  had  any  formu- 
lated belief.  Upon  this,  as,  indeed,  upon 
every  subject,  he  did  his  own  thinking; 
he  accepted  nothing  upon  authority,  scout- 
ing the  idea  that  a  man  jiiiist  believe  any- 

thing. He  felt  that  the  average  Church 
creed  was  too  detailed  and  definite  to  be 
wholly  true,  or  even  reverent. 

He  passed  from  earth  April  18,  .1883, 
at  the  age  of  seventy-three  years,  after 
but  two  days'  illness,  although  he  had 
been  in  feeble  health  for  many  years,  the 
immediate  cause  of  his  demise  being  con- 
gestion of  the  lungs.  His  death-bed  was 
surrounded  by  his  wife  and  every  one  of 
his  living  children,  who  mourned  the  de- 
parture from  their  midst  of  a  kind,  affec- 
tionate husband  and  loving,  indulgent 

HON.  WILLIAM  KELLY,    one   of 
Ottawa  county's  prosperous  farm- 
ers and  stock  dealers,  is  a    native 
of  the  county,  having  been  born 
March    17,    1838,   in   Danbury   township, 
and  is  the  son  of  the  Hon.  John  Kelly,    a 
sketch  of  whom  precedes  this. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  reared 
on  a  farm,  during  this  time  receiving  a 
common-school  education,  which  was 
afterward  supplemented  bj'  a  two-years' 
course  at  Oberlin  College.  About  this 
time  he  made  his  choice  of  a  companion 
who  was  to  share  with  him  the  joys 
and  sorrows  that  might  await  him,  and 
on  March  27,  1859,  he  wedded  Miss 
Laura  Lockwood,  also  a  native  of  the 
county,  born  May  20,  1840,  and  a  daugh- 
ter of  Edward  J.  and  Lydia  (Ramsdell) 
Lockwood,  a  sketch  of  whom  follows. 
The  young  couple  started  out  on  life's 
journey  full  of  hope  and  with  bright  pros- 
pects of  success,  which  time  has  shown  to 
have  been  fully  realized.  To  this  union 
have  come  four  children — one  son  and 
three  daughters — to  wit:  (i)  Arthur  A. , 
born  February  23,  i860,  married  to  Jen- 
nie Latimore,  and  they  are  now  the  par- 
ents of  two  children — Edward  L. ,  born 
February  8,  1888,  and  Mary  Gertrude, 
born  January  25,  1895.  (2)  Mary  E., 
born  August  6,  1862,  and  married  to  Dr. 
Carl    Esch,     of    Cleveland,     Ohio.      (3) 




Josephine,  born  March  17,  1864,  mar- 
ried to  Dr.  K.  L.  Waters,  of  lilniore, 
Ohio.  (4)  Lydia,  born  October  17,  1S75, 
still  livinj;  with  her  parents. 

Mr.  Kelly  has  always  been  engaged 
in  agricultural  pursuits,  including  dealing 
in  live  stock,  and  besides  general  farming 
he  has  engageii  extensively  in  the  culture 
of  fruit,  an  industry  for  which  the  Penin- 
sula, on  which  his  farm  is  located,  has 
become  noted.  He  is  energetic  and  pub- 
lic^pirited,  and  has  held  many  positions 
of  local  trust.  Always  identified  with 
educational  interests  of  Port  Clinton,  he 
served  as  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Edu- 
cation for  over  seventeen  years,  and  for 
ten  years  was  its  president.  He  was  like- 
wise several  times  elected  a  member  of 
the  council,  which  incumbency  he  filled 
with  ability.  In  1890  he  held  the  posi- 
tion of  receiver  for  the  Lakeside  &  Mar- 
blehead  railroad,  having  been  appointed 
by  the  court  pending  the  adjustment  of 
difficulties  among  its  stockholders.  In 
this  position  he  managed  the  affairs  of  the 
company  with  such  prudence  and  faith- 
fulness that  the  court  allowed  him  a  lib- 
eral compensation,  and  -what  was  more 
gratifying  to  him  -conmiended  him  highly 
for  his  ability. 

In  1891  Mi;  Kelly  was  elected  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Seventieth  General  Assembly 
of  Ohio,  on  the  Republican  ticket  in  a 
county  largely  Democratic,  and  in  1893 
he  was  again  honored  by  a  re-election. 
While  in  the  Seventieth  Mr.  Kelly  served 
on  several  important  committees,  promi- 
nent among  which  was  the  "Committee 
on  I'ish  Culture  and  Game."  In  this  ca- 
pacity he  secured  the  passage  of  an  act 
reimbursing  fishermen  for  large  losses 
sustained  by  them  in  consequence  of  the 
destruction  of  their  nets  by  the  Fish  War- 
den under  an  act  afterward  declared  un- 
constitutional. During  the  same  session 
he  was  instrumental  in  securing  the  pass- 
age of  a  joint  ditch  law.  In  speaking  of 
Mr.  Kelly's  efforts  in  this  instance,  we 
can  do  no  better  than   to  quote    the    7"<>- 

licio  Bti- oi  April  19,  1S92,  a  Democratic 
paper,  reading  as  follows:  '  ■  Representa- 
tive Kelly,  of  Ottawa,  last  evening  se- 
cured the  passage  of  his  bill  amending 
the  existing  statutes,  so  that,  in  the  con- 
struction of  a  joint  ditch,  reviewers  shall 
assess  the  damages  to  be  paid  by  the  up- 
per county.  This  is  a  fight  between  Ot- 
tawa and  Wood  counties.  Representa- 
tive James  fought  the  bill  at  every  stage 
of  the  proceedings,  but  the  quiet,  unas- 
suming ways  of  Kelly,  of  Ottawa,  cap- 
tured the  House,  as  he  made  one  of  the 
ablest  business-like  arguments  that  has 
been  delivered  on  the  floor  of  the  House 
this  winter.  His  influence  over  fellow 
members  of  the  House  consisted  largely 
in  the  fact  that  he  was  never  known  to 
introduce,  favor  or  support  any  measure 
savoring  of  schemes;  but  was  ever  on  the 
alert,  watching  closely  every  measure  un- 
der consideration,  and  always  taking  sides, 
favoring  or  approving  every  measure 
pending  before  the  House,  as  the  interest 
of  his  constituents  and  the  welfire  of  the 
State  might  dictate." 

In  the  Seventy-first  General  Assem- 
bly, he  was  again  placed  on  several  im- 
portant committees,  one  of  these  being 
appointed  by  the  Speaker  under  a  resolu- 
tion passed  by  the  House.  Mr.  Kelly 
was  made  chairman  of  this  committee, 
whose  duty  was  to  prepare  plans  for  re- 
modeling the  State  House  with  a  view  to 
making  room  for  the  Supreme  Court  of 
the  State  to  hold  its  sessions,  this  body 
having  been  increased  by  a  former  Legis- 
lature to  six  members  in  order  to  facili- 
tate the  work  of  the  court  and  to  get  im- 
portant cases  disposed  of,  by  making  two 
divisions  of  the  court,  making  more  room 
necessary.  The  work  was  acceptably 
done,  but  never  executed  for  want  of  a 
fund  from  which  to  make  an  appropria- 
tion for  carrying  on  the  same.  Sir.  Kelly 
likewise  was  instrumental  in  securing  the 
'•  passage  of  a  law  allowing  courts,  whose 
I  term  expired  by  limitation,  to  reconvene 
!  at  once  when  in    the   midst    of  a  lengthy 



case,  to  complete  it,  saving  much  time 
and  needless  expense. 

Mr.  Kelly  has  always  been  a  promi- 
nent and  influential  leader  in  public  af- 
fairs, possessing  almost  unrivaled  gifts  of 
persuasive  eloquence  and  convincing 
logic.  He  is  courteous  in  debate,  fer- 
tile in  resource,  and  a  powerful  sup- 
porter of  any  cause  to  which  he  may  give 
his  sanction.  These  characteristics,  in 
connection  with  his  able  work  in  the 
Legislature,  brought  him  into  prominence, 
and  made  him  the  recipient  of  many 
complimentary  notices  from  the  Press  of 
the  Ninth  Congressional  District.  At  the 
Republican  convention  held  in  Toledo, 
June  19,  1894,  Chairman  of  the  Conven- 
tion complimented  the  convention  on  hav- 
ing so  many  candidates,  any  one  of  whom 
would  make  admirable  representatives, 
mentioning  Mr.  Kelly's  name  among  the 
number.  When  the  time  came  for  nom- 
inations, the  Hon.  William  Miller,  of  Ot- 
tawa, and  Presidential  elector  who  cast 
the  vote  of  his  Congressional  District  for 
Mr.  Harrison  the  second  time,  announced 
the  name  of  William  Kelly,  ''the  only 
man  who  had  twice  carried  that  Bourbon 
stronghold."  The  Toledo  Blade  oi  that 
date,  in  speaking  of  the  different  candidates 
before  the  convention,  says:  "Mr.  Kelly  re- 
ceived a  continuous  ovation  all  last  evening 
from  his  many  friends,  not  only  from  To- 
ledo, but  also  from  the  other  delegations." 

With  this  brief  account  of  his  life  and 
work,  we  leave  the  subject  of  this  sketch 
in  the  enjoyment  of  good  health  at  his 
pleasant  home  in  Port  Clinton,  surround- 
ed with  the  comforts  of  life,  and  the 
well-earned  confidence  and  esteem  of  his 
many  friends,  the  ripened  fruit  of  a  dili- 
gent and  honorable  life. 

Edward  J.  Lockwood,  who  for  over 
seventy  years  has  been  a  continuous  resi- 
dent of  Ottawa  county,  and  to-day  is  one 
of  the  few  surviving  pioneers  who  have 
been  spared  to  see  flourishing  towns  and 
productive  farms  and  orchards  supplant 
the  primeval  forests,  was  born  in  the  city 

of  Albany,  N.  Y.,  August  17,  18 13,  and 
is  a  son  of  Col.  Samuel  M.  and  Mary 
(Doughty)  Lockwood,  the  former  a  na- 
tive of  Stamford,  Conn.,  the  latter  of 
New  York  Cit)'. 

The  parents  and  five  members  of  their 
family  came  to  Ottawa  county  a  short 
time  prior  to  the  arrival  of  the  subject  of 
this  sketch,  when  it  was  a  part  of  Huron 
county,  a  wild  and  uncultivated  tract  of 
land,  and  they  participated  in  all  the 
trials  and  hardships  that  fall  to  the  lot  of 
early  settlers.  C3n  November  9,  18 17, 
Mrs.  Col.  Lockwood  died  in  Danbury, 
Ottawa  county,  Ohio,  and  on  November 
30,  1818,  Col.  Lockwood  was  again 
united  in  marriage,  this  time  to  Gertrude 
Doughty  (a  sister  of  his  former  wife),  who 
survived  him  many  years,  dying  June  6, 
1875,  at  Plasterbed,  Ottawa  Co.,  Ohio. 
The  children  by  the  latter  union  are  John 
Wickliffe  Lockwood,  Horace  A.  Lock- 
wood,  A.  Piatt  Lockwood,  Hon.  James 
K.  Lockwood,  Lane  Lockwood,  Laura 
Lockwood,  Emeline  Lockwood  and  Imo- 
gene  Lockwood.  Col.  Lockwood  was  one 
of  the  energetic  pioneers  of  this  country. 
He  made  quite  a  history,  a  part  of  which 
was  his  service  for  four  terms  in  the  Leg- 
islature of  Ohio,  serving  two  terms  in  the 
House  of  Representatives,  and  two  terms 
in  the  Senate.  He  was  president  of  the 
first  railroad  built  in  Ohio. 

Our  subject,  who  is  the  only  surviving 
member  of  Col.  Lockwood's  family  by  his 
first  wife,  was  reared  as  a  farmer  boy,  re- 
ceiving a  limited  education  in  the  old  log 
schoolhouse  near  his  home.  After  com- 
ing to  Ottawa  county  he  worked  in  the 
quarries  at  Plasterbed,  where  for  some 
years  he  operated  a  stationary  engine, 
afterward  receiving  a  position  as  engineer 
on  a  steamboat;  but  the  greater  part  of 
his  life  has  been  devoted  to  agricultural 
pursuits,  and  his  industry  and  close  atten- 
tion to  business  have  made  his  farm  one 
of  the  finest  in  Ottawa  county.  He  set 
the  first  vineyard  and  the  first  peach  and 
quince  orchard  that  was  set  on  the   Pen- 



insula,  a  locality  that  has  since  become 
so  famous  as  a  fruit-f^'rowiuf^  section. 

Edward  J.  Lockwood  has  been  twice 
married;  first  time  to  Lydia  Ramsdeli,  a 
dauf:;hter  of  Jacob  and  Experience  Kams- 
deil,  who  where  ainonj;  the  honored  pion- 
eers of  Ottawa  county.  Hy  this  union  there 
were  born  four  daughters:  Laura,  now 
the  wife  of  Hon.  Kelly,  of  Port  Clinton; 
Ellen,  wife  of  William  Sloan,  who  is 
livinjj  in  Portafje  township,  Ottawa  coun- 
ty; Experience;  and  Elizabeth,  wife  of 
George  K.  Marshall,  of  Mansfield,  Rich- 
land Co.,  Ohio.  The  mother  of  this 
family  died  March  24,  1890.  and  Mr. 
Lockwood  subsequently  married  Mrs.  Julia 
(Streeter)  Wonnell,  widow  of  James  Won- 
nell,  Esq.,  of  Portage  township,  and  a 
daughter  of  Solomon  and  Sarah  (Arnold) 
Streeter,  of  New  Hampshirf. 

Mr.  Lockwood  has  never  desired  or 
sought  the  honor  or  emoluments  of  public 
office,  preferring  to  give  his  time  and  at- 
tention to  the  duties  of  his  farm,  yet  he 
has,  by  the  earnest  solicitations  of  his 
friends,  accepted  and  efficiently  filled  var- 
ious positions  of  trust  in  the  township. 
In  his  political  views  he  was  formerly  a 
Whig,  giving  his  first  vote  for  William 
Henrv  Harrison,  and  when  the  Republi- 
can party  was  formed  he  joined  its  ranks, 
and  is  still  one  of  its  earnest  advocates. 
Although  well-advanced  in  years,  and  one 
of  the  oldest  citizens  in  Ottawa  county, 
Ohio,  he  is  still  hale  and  hearty  and  more 
active  than  many  men  that  are  some  years 
his  junior.  He  gives  his  personal  atten- 
tion to  his  large  and  productive  farm,  and 
spends  his  evenings  amidst  the  surround- 
ings of  his  comfortable  home  in  Port  Clin- 
ton, where  he  has  many  friends  who  hold 
him  high  esteem. 

since    the    latter    part   of    1S91   has 
been   judge  of  the  court  of  conunon 
pleas  of   the  first  subdivision  of   the 
Fourth    Judicial    District    of    Ohio,    is  a 

native  of  Ohio,  son  of  Hon.  John  Kelly, 
having  been  born  July  31,  1S44,  in  Dan- 
bury  township,  Ottawa  county,  on  his 
father's  farm.  Here  he  grew  up,  going 
to  school  winters  and  working  on  the  farm 

During  the  years  i860  and  1861  he 
attended  the  high  school  at  Sandusky, 
and  the  winter  before  he  was  twenty-one 
years  of  age  he  taught  his  first  country 
school.  During  the  winters  of  1865-66 
and  1866-67  he  again  taught  school,  and 
in  spring  of  the  latter  year  entered  the 
Business  Institute  at  Oberlin,  Ohio,  but 
in  consequence  of  sickness  did  not  finish 
his  course  till  the  latter  part  of  the  sum- 
mer of  1868.  As  soon  as  his  course  was 
completed  he  was  offered  the  position  of 
teacher  in  that  institute,  which  he  ac- 
cepted, and  he  continued  in  that  position 
till  the  spring  of  1870,  when  he  returned 
home,  remaining  there  for  a  year.  In  the 
spring  of  1 87 1  our  subject  began  the  study 
of  law  in  the  office  of  Homer  Goodwin,  at 
Sandusky,  Ohio,  and  in  the  following 
October  entered  the  law  department  of 
Michigan  University,  Ann  Arbor.  Mich., 
where  he  was  graduated  in  March,  1873, 
and  received  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of 
Laws.  Immediately  thereafter  he  was 
admitted  to  practice  in  the  State  of  Michi- 
gan. In  .\pril  following  he  formed  a 
partnership  and  commenced  the  practice 
of  law  in  Chicago,  having  been  admitted 
to  the  bar  of  Illinois.  During  the  entire 
winter  following  he  was  suffering  from  ill- 
ness, and  had  to  submit  to  a  severe  surg- 
ical operation;  afterward,  in  April,  re- 
turning to  Chicago,  where  he  remained 
till  late  in  the  fall.  .At  that  time  he  sold 
out  his  interest  in  the  partnership,  and 
removed  to  Port  Clinton.  Ohio,  where  he 
has  ever  since  made  his  home. 

Early  in  1875  Judge  Kelly  was  admit- 
ted to  practice  in  Ohio,  and  he  then 
formed  a  partnership  with  T.  L.  Magers 
now  of  Tiffin  under  the  firm  name  of 
Magers  &  Kelly,  which  partnership  was 
dissolved  in  1878.      Our  subject  c<intinued 


the  law  practice  without  any  other  busi- 
ness connection  till  the  fall  of  1891,  when 
he  was  elected  judge  of  the  court  of  com- 
mon pleas,  to  fill  the  unexpired  term  of 
Judge  J.  L.  DeWitt,  and  was  elected  for 
the  full  term  next  following.  He  assumed 
the  duties  of  the  office  in  the  latter  part 
of  1 89 1,  and  has  ever  since  been  acting  in 
that  capacity  with  his  characteristic  abil- 
ity and  zeal. 

In  1876  Judge  Kelly  was  married  to 
Miss  Susie  Smith,  and  they  have  three 
children — two  daughters  and  one  son. 
The  Judge  in  his  political  preferences  is  a 
Republican,  has  served  on  the  board  of 
school  examiners  of  Ottawa  county,  and 
was  mayor  of  Port  Clinton  one  term.  In 
religious  faith  he  is  a  member  of  the  Con- 
gregational Church.  For  the  past  two 
years  he  has  held  the  position  of  presi- 
dent of  the  German-American  Bank  of 
Port  Clinton. 

tired farmer,  Fremont,  San- 
dusky county,  was  born  in  Sen- 
eca county,  Ohio,  April 22, 1822, 
a  son  of  William  D.  Sherwood  and  Martha 
(Allen J,  daughter  of  David  Allen,  of  Es- 
sex county,  N.  J.,  who  was  a  brother  of 
Col.  Ethan  Allen,  of  Vermont,  famous 
for  bravery  in  Colonial  days. 

The  father  of  our  subject  was  born  on 
a  farm  in  Dutchess  county,  N.  Y.,  which 
lay  on  the  Hudson  river,  and  has  since 
become  a  part  of  New  York  City.  He 
was  educated  in  the  city  schools,  studied 
law,  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  prac- 
ticed law  a  few  years.  During  the  war 
of  1 8 1 2  he  served  as  captain  of  a  com- 
pany of  Jersey  Grays,  and  also  as  colonel 
of  a  regiment;  during  the  latter  part  of 
the  war  he  served  as  commissary.  After 
his  marriage  he  began  the  manufacture  of 
edged  tools,  at  Plainfield,  N.  J.,  and  con- 
tinued at  the  same  with  good  success 
about  ten  years,  employing  usually  about 
forty  men.      In  1 820  he  sold  his  plant  and 

moved  to  the  then  wilds  of  Seneca  coun- 
ty, Ohio,  north  of  Tiffin,  where  he  en- 
tered 820  acres  of  government  land,  on 
which  not  a  stick  of  timber  had  been  cut 
except  sufficient  to  open  a  winding  road 
through  the  woods  from  Lower  Sandusky 
to  Delaware,  Ohio.  He  cleared  about 
fifty  acres  for  farming  purposes  and  erect- 
ed a  double  hewed-log  house,  a  part  of 
which  was  afterward  sided  up  with  boards, 
and  is  still  (1895)  standing  as  one  of  the 
oldest  pioneer  landmarks.  Six  years  later 
he  sold  this  land  to  different  parties, 
among  whom  were  the  Souders  and  the 
Stoners,  and  himself  located  on  160  acres 
of  government  land  on  Green  creek,  three 
miles  east  of  Lower  Sandusky.  .  This  was 
in  1826,  when  the  country  was  a  wilder- 
ness, and  Indians  and  wild  animals 
roamed  the  forests  in  all  directions  at 
their  will.  With  herculean  labor  he  cut 
the  heavy  timber  from  one  hundred  acres, 
and  cleared  the  land  for  farming  pur- 
poses, using  ox-teams  and  pioneer  imple- 

Physically,  Mr.  Sherwood  was  a 
heavy-set  man,  muscular,  five  feet  eight 
inches  in  height,  of  light  complexion,  with 
blue  eyes,  and  in  the  enjoyment  of  robust 
health,  regarded  as  one  of  the  most  pow- 
erful men  in  the  settlement.  He  could 
wield  an  axe  or  a  maul,  or  drive  a  yoke 
of  oxen  at  loggings,  or  plow  among  roots 
and  stumps  to  pioneer  perfection.  Among 
his  scattered  neighbors  he  was  public- 
spirited  and  progressive,  and  held  the 
offices  of  school  director  and  township 
clerk  for  a  number  of  years.  In  politics 
he  was  an  Old-line  Whig,  and  in  religious 
faith  a  Universalist.  His  first  wife  died 
near  Tiffin  in  1822.  For  his  second  wife 
he  married  Miss  Lois  Emerson,  sister  of 
Jesse  Emerson,  late  of  Ballville  township. 
Mr.  Sherwood's  death  occurred  in  Au- 
gust, 1846,  and  he  was  laid  to  rest  in  a 
burial  lot  on  his  farm  which  he  had  pre- 
viously given  to  the  public  for  a  ceme- 
tery, now  known  as  the  Dana  Cemetery. 
The  children  of  William  D.    Sherwood, 



Sen.,  by  his  first  marriage  were:  James, 
Mary.  Janettc.  Kuth,  Nancy,  Joseph,  John 
and  William  U. 

William  D.  Sherwood,  our  subject, 
spent  his  childhood  anionfj  Indian  [ilay- 
mates,  and  prow  up  to  hard  work  on  his 
father's  farm.  He  helped  to  set  out  one 
of  the  first  apple  orchards  in  Sandusky 
county.  In  1839  he  went  to  Iowa,  then 
a  territory,  to  locate  land,  and  spent  a 
year  among  the  Mus(]uaka  Indians,  whom 
he  taught  many  things,  and  by  whom  he 
was  a  petted  hero.  He  next  took  a  trip 
to  Tennessee  and  Kentucky,  to  visit  his 
brother  James,  and  while  there  engaged 
in  steamboating.  In  1S45  he  returned 
to  Ohio,  where  he  married  Miss  Mary  E. 
Scovill,  and  farmed  for  his  father.  In 
the  fall  of  the  same  year  he  moved  to 
Burlington,  Iowa,  where  for  four  years 
he  assisted  his  brother,  Joseph,  to  run  a 
steamboat  wood-yard.  In  1849  his  wife 
died  of  cholera,  and  he  then  abandoned 
business  for  a  time.  In  the  spring  of 
1850  he  started  for  California  with  a  party 
of  prospective  miners,  by  the  overland 
route.  They  drove  ox-teams,  and  took  a 
herd  of  cattle  with  them  over  the  plains 
and  mountains  and  across  the  rivers,  oc- 
cupying six  months  and  one  day  on  their 
journey.  They  operated  gold  mines  chiefly 
on  the  Yuba  and  Feather  rivers.  In  the 
winter  of  1853-54  Mr.  Sherwood  re- 
turned to  Fort  Seneca,  Ohif).  where,  after 
farming  one  year,  he  married  Miss  Frances 
Elizabeth  Harris,  daughter  of  Mark  Har- 
ris. In  1856  he  engaged  in  the  tanning 
business  at  Fostoria.  and  continued  there 
until  1861.  within  which  time  he  held  the 
offices  of  township  trustee  and  mayor  of 
the  village.  At  the  outbreak  of  the  Civil 
war,  in  iS^n,  Mr.  Sherwood,  as  first  lieu- 
tenant, joined  Company  B,  Fifty-fifth  O. 
v.  I.,  under  Col.  J.  C.  Lee,  of  Tiffin,  and 
se^^•ed  with  his  regiment  about  a  year, 
when,  on  account  of  impaired  health,  he 
resigned  and  returned  to  Fostoria.  In 
1865  he  came  to  Fremont,  and  bought  a 
tannery  of  Jesse  S.  Van  Ness.      This  he 

worked  about  two  years,  when  he  sold 
out  and  purchased  the  property  now  oc- 
cupied as  a  parsonage  by  the  pastor  of 
St.  Ann's  Catholic  Church,  where  his 
family  resided  several  years.  Here  he 
suffered  another  attack  of  the  gold  fever, 
and  went  on  the  newly-constructed  Union 
Pacific  railroad  westward  as  far  as  he 
could,  to  Evanston,  300  miles  east  of 
Salt  Lake  City,  from  which  place  his  party 
were  obliged  to  "  stage  it "  to  Diamond 
City,  a  distance  of  1,200  miles,  crossing 
the  Rockies  twice,  and  suffering  many 
hardships.  In  1870  he  returned  again  to 
Fremont,  and  for  two  years,  kept  the 
"  Croghan  House  "  billiard  saloon,  and  for 
one  year  a  saloon  on  Front  street.  In 
1874  he  sold  out,  and  went  again  to  Cali- 
fornia to  engage  in  mining  on  the  Yuba 
river.  He  operated  a  hydraulic  mine,  at 
great  expense,  on  Slate  creek,  and  sunk 
about  ten  thousand  dollars.  Two  years 
later  he  returned  to  Ohio,  and  for  six 
years  kept  a  saloon  on  Croghan  street, 
Fremont,  where  the  A'<"i'i-  office  is  located. 
In  the  meantime  he  bought  lot  1018,  on 
Hayes  avenue,  which  he  improved  as  a 
place  of  residence.  Later  he  kept  a  sa- 
loon, two  years,  on  the  corner  of  Garrison 
and  Front  streets.  His  second  wife  died 
October  2, 1884,  and  on  December  26, 1888, 
he  married  Miss  Ida  May  Hawk,  daugh- 
ter of  Joseph  Hawk,  a  pioneer  of  Green 
Creek  township.  His  children  by  his  first 
wife  were  Alice  and  John,  those  by  the 
second  wife  being  Norman  C,  Eugene  H., 
and  William  D. ;  those  by  his  third  wife 
being  Harry  Allen  and  Olive  May. 

Mr.  Sherwood  has  held  various  local 
offices.  He  has  been  sanitary  policeman, 
health  officer,  street  commissioner,  asses- 
sor, and  since  he  quit  keeping  saloon  has 
been  janitor  of  the  Union  Club  room.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  Fraternity 
and  of  Eugene  Kawson  Post,  G.  A.  R. ; 
in  politics  a  Republican,  and  in  religious 
faith  a  Universalist.  A  full  account  of 
his  exploits  would  fill  volumes.  Though 
past   his    three    score   and  ten   years  his 



health  is  good,  his  mind  clear  and  his 
memory  undimmed;  results  which  he  at- 
tributes to  the  fact  that  he  never  used 
tobacco  in  any  form,  nor  intoxicating 
drinks,  nor  indulged  in  gambling,  nor  in 
any  social  impurity. 

Norman  C.  Sherwood,  treasurer  of  the 
Trommer  Extract  of  Malt  Co.,  Fremont, 
was    born    at    Fostoria,    Ohio,    May    17, 

1857,  a  son  of  William  D.  and  Frances 
E.  (Harris)  Sherwood.  His  childhood 
was  spent  at  Fostoria  where  he  attended 
the  village  schools,  and  at  the  age  of  eight 
years  he  came  with  his  parents  to  Fre- 
mont, where  he  grew  to  manhood,  mean- 
while attending  the  city  schools.  At  the 
age  of  twenty  he  took  a  position  as  book- 
keeper in  the  above  named  company,  and 
has  remained  with  them,  serving  in  vari- 
ous relations,  for  a  period  of  more  than 
eighteen  years,  and  becoming  a  stock- 
holder in  the  same.  Being  possessed  of 
a  genial  and  social  nature,  he  is  popular 
in  the  various  social  circles  of  Fremont. 
He  has  served  as  chorister  of  the  M.  E. 
Church  for  a  number  of  years  very  ac- 
ceptably; is  a  member  of  the  Masonic 
Fraternity,  and  in  politics  is  a  Republi- 
can. On  April  19,  1882,  he  married  Miss 
Susan  Lewis,who  was  born  November  16, 

1858,  at  Fremont,  Ohio,  daughter  of  B. 
W.  Lewis.  Their  children  are:  Charles 
Lewis,  Norman  Dickinson,  Jeannette  and 
Norma,  all  born  in  Fremont. 

LEVI  WOLFE,    a   farmer    of  San- 
dusky township  Sandusky  county, 
was  born  April  10,   1836,  in  Union 
county,    Penn.,  a   son  of  Michael 
and    Margaret    (Engleman)    Wolfe,    who 
were  of  German  descent. 

Mr.  Wolfe's  paternal  great-grand- 
father was  one  of  three  brothers  who 
emigrated  from  Germany  to  America,  and 
served  with  Washington  in  the  Revolu- 
tionary war,  and  later  settled  in  Union 
county,    Penn.       This  great  ancestor   of 

the  Wolfe  families,  from  whom  our  sub- 
ject is  descended,  died  in  Union  county, 
Penn. ,  at  the  age  of  eighty  years.  Amongst 
the  first  settlers  in  the  Buffalo  Valley  was 
George  Wendell  Wolfe,  who  served  as  a 
private  in  Capt.  Clark's  company.  Col. 
Patton's  regiment,  in  the  Revolutionary 
war,  in  1776.  He  had  seven  sons:  Mich- 
ael, Peter,  John  (surnamed  the  strong), 
Jacob,  Christian,    Leonard   and  Andrew. 

Michael  Wolfe,  the  eldest,  and  grand- 
father of  our  subject,  was  a  man  of  large 
stature  and  robust  health,  as  were  also 
his  father  and  brothers,  who  were  noted 
for  feats  of  strength.  He  was  a  black- 
smith by  trade.  He  married  Miss  Cath- 
arine Smith,  and  settled  on  a  farm  in 
Union  county,  Penn.,  where  he  died. 
Their  children  were:  George,  Margaret, 
Mar3',  Elizabeth,  Abraham,  Julia,  John, 
Michael  (Jr.),  and  Catharine,  of  whom 
all  except  John  became  heads  of  families, 
and  only  three  are  now  living — Elizabeth, 
Julia  and  Catharine,  who  are  widows. 

Michael  Wolfe  (Jr.),  father  of  our  sub- 
ject, was  born  August  6,  1809,  in  Union 
county,  Penn.,  and  on  January  31,  1833, 
married  Miss  Margaret  Engleman,  who 
was  born  August  17,  1812,  in  Union 
county,  Penn.  She  was  the  daughter  of 
Solomon  and  Anna  M.  (Bruner)  Engle- 
man, the  former  of  whom  was  born  Octo- 
ber 2,  1753,  in  Maryland,  the  latter  on 
December  i,  1753,  in  Lehigh  county, 
Penn.  They  died  in  Union  county,  Penn. 
Their  children  were:  Elizabeth,  David, 
Amelia,  Jonathan,  John,  Margaret,  Rachel 
and  Tobias,  all  of  whom  became  heads 
of  families  except  Jonathan.  Of  these, 
only  Margaret,  mother  of  our  subject,  is 
now  living.  In  1843  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Wolfe 
came  to  Ohio,  moving  from  Pennsylvania 
in  a  one-horse  and  a  two-horse  wagon, 
and  located  on  a  farm  two  miles  west  of 
Fremont,  on  Muskallonge  creek,  in  San- 
dusky township.  Michael  Wolfe  had 
twice  previously  walked  and  staged  the 
distance,  a  journey  of  more  than  four 
hundred  miles  through  the  forests. 



The  recortl  of  the  children  of  Mich- 
ael and  Margaret  Wolfe  is  as  follows: 
Two  sons,  one  born  June  2,  1834,  and 
another  March  28,  1835,  died  in  infancy. 
Levi,  born  April  10,  1836,  is  mentioned 
farther  on.  Solomon  Wolfe,  born  Feb- 
ruary 8,  1838,  was  married  January  16, 
1862,  to  Mahala  Bowlus,  who  was  born, 
April  21,  1839,  and  they  had  five  chil- 
dren— George  W.  (who  was  killed  by  a 
traction  engine  when  a  young  man), 
Kosa,  Catharine,  Jessiah  and  Howard; 
they  live  in  Seneca  county,  Ohio,  where 
Solomon  Wolfe  is  a  farmer  and  grain 
thresher;  he  is  a  I^epublican  in  politics, 
and  a  member  of  the  M.  P.  Church. 
Jessiah  Wolfe,  born  February'  17,  1840, 
was  married  May  9,  1867,  to  Elizabeth 
Loose;  they  had  three  children — one  that 
died  in  infancy,  and  Clarence  and  Monroe; 
they  live  at  Lindsey,  Ohio,  where  Jes- 
siah is  engaged  in  the  grain,  produce  and 
live-stock  business.  Andrew  J.  Wolfe, 
born  July  19,  1842,  married  Jemima 
Stults,  February  16,  1865  (he  is  men- 
tioned farther  on).  One  son,  born  June 
6,  1844,  died  in  infancy.  Jane  Ellen, 
born  May  27,  1845,  was  married  in  July, 
1879,  to  A.  D.  Hook,  of  Fremont,  Ohio, 
proprietor  of  a  shirt  factory;  they  have 
no  children.  Catharine  Ann,  born  No- 
vember 29,  1847,  was  married  February 
16,  1 87 1,  to  William  L.  Baker,  of  the 
firm  of  Engler  &  Baker,  grain  and  pro- 
duce dealers,  of  Fremont;  they  have  two 
children — Harry  M.  and  Verna  L.  Mar- 
garet Savilla,  born  January  25,  1850, 
was  married  in  1872  to  James  U.  Hensel, 
a  farmer  west  of  Fremont;  they  had  five 
children — two  living,  Nora  and  Mabel, 
and  three  deceased.  Two  other  children 
of  Michael  Wolfe  dietl  in  infancy.  In  the 
spring  of  1865  Michael  Wolfe  moved 
from  his  farm  on  the  Muskallonge  creek 
to  his  farm  on  the  Western  Reserve  and 
N!aumee  pike,  to  enjoy  the  fruits  of  his 
labor  and  economy,  where  he  lived  until 
his  death,  April  15,  1879.  He  was  ever 
a  kind  and  devoted  husband,  an  affection- 

ate father,  always  looking  after  the  wel- 
fare of  his  children,  and  it  is  said  of  Mr. 
Wolfe  that  he  never  had  an  enemy. 

Levi  Wolfe,  our  subject,  came  with 
his  parents  from  Union  county,  Penn., 
to  Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  when  seven 
years  of  age,  and  grew  to  manhood  on 
his  father's  farm.  He  received  his  early 
education  in  the  country  schools,  and 
later  attended  several  terms  in  the  Fre- 
mont schools  and  at  Oberlin  College.  On 
December  17,  1857,  he  married  Chris- 
tiana M.  Lantz,  who  was  born  July  31, 
1836,  in  Northumberland  county,  Penn., 
daughter  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (Dieffen- 
bach)  Lantz,  whose  other  children  were 
Mary  Ann,  Simon,  Nicholas,  Kosanna, 
John,  Henry,  Philip,  and  Emanuel,  all 
of  whom  came  to  Ohio  about  the  year 
1846,  and  settled  on  a  farm  in  Washing- 
ton township,  Sandusky  county.  In  May, 
1864,  Mr.  Wolfe  enlisted  in  the  One 
Hundred  and  Si.xty-ninth  Regiment,  O. 
\'.  I.,  under  Col.  Nathaniel  E.  Haynes, 
in  Company  H,  Capt.  Jacob  D.  Thomas, 
and  served  four  months  at  P"ort  Ethan 
Allen,  Virginia,  one  of  the  defences  of 
Washington  City,  whun  Gen.  Early  at- 
tempted to  take  it.  Mr.  Wolfe  was  hon- 
orably discharged  in  September,  1 864,  and 
resumed  farming  in  Jackson  township. 
A  year  later  he  removed  to  the  old  home 
farm,  which  he  conducted,  and  also  en- 
gaged in  grain  threshing.  He  operated 
one  of  the  first  steam-threshing  machines 
in  the  county.  In  1883  he  abandoned 
farming,  moved  to  Fremont,  and  sold 
farming  implements  and  machinery.  In 
1 884  he  went  to  his  mother's  farm,  to  man- 
age and  care  for  her,  and  continued  the 
sale  of  farm  machinery.  In  1895  here- 
moved  to  Fremont,  his  present  residence. 

The  children  of  Levi  and  Christiana 
Wolfe,  which  includes  two  pairs  of  twins, 
are:  (ij  Robert  Andrew,  born  October 
31,  I S58,  who  married  Miss  Jane  Druck- 
enmiller,  November  6,  1879.  and  had  si.x 
children — Blanche  B.,  Harry  and  Clyde, 
who   are    living,  and  Claude,  Daisic   E. , 



and  James  O.,  deceased.  In  1885  the 
family  moved  upon  a  prairie  farm  in 
Edwards  county,  Kans.  (2)  Lydia  Ce- 
cilia, born  February  25,  i860,  died  Feb- 
ruary 17,  1862.  (3)  Catharine  Cadilia, 
born  February  25,  i860,  married  Feb- 
ruary 20,  1882,  to  John  J.  Stein,  whose 
children  are — Essie  A.,  Minor  W.,  Mary 
C. ,  and  Matilda  W.  Mr.  Stein  is  a 
butcher  by  trade.  In  1890  he  removed 
with  his  family  to  Lewisburg,  Penn. , 
where  he  had  formerly  resided,  and  is  at 
present  engaged  with  the  Quaker  City 
Meat  &  Provision  Company,  at  Sunbury, 
Penn.  (4)  Emma  Rosanna,  born  April 
28,  1 861,  married  Elliott  T.  Fox,  Feb- 
ruary 23,  1887,  whose  children  are — Adda 
Corinne,  and  George  Chester.  Soon  af- 
ter their  marriage  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Fox 
moved  upon  a  new  prairie  farm  in  Ed- 
wards county,  Kans.  {5)  Ellen  Helena, 
born  July  19,  1862,  who,  August  10,  1883, 
married  David  Svvinehart,  and  whose 
children  are — Alva  A.,  and  Merrill  James. 
Mr.  Swinehart  lives  on  his  father's  farm 
in  Washington  township.  (6)  James  H., 
born  October  31,  1863,  married  November 
18,  1 89 1,  Miss  Kate  Boyer,  of  Fremont, 
and  has  one  child,  James  Robert.  J. 
H.  Wolfe  is  assistant  secretary  of  the 
Lehr  Agricultural  Company,  Fremont. 
(7)  Chester  Edward,  born  November  28, 
1865,  married  November  28,  1889,  Miss 
Hattie  Waggoner,  and  lives  on  the  Samuel 
Waggoner  farm,  five  miles  west  of  Fre- 
mont. (8)  Michael  John,  born  No- 
vember II,   1867,  married  September  18, 

1889,  Miss  Minnie  Boyer,  of,  Fremont, 
and  has  one  daughter — Corinne  W. ; 
M.  J.  Wolfe  is  a  butcher  in  the  em- 
ploy of  the  Quaker  City  Meat  &  Pro- 
vision Company,  Sunbury,  Penn.,  where 
he  resides.  (9)  Margaret  Elizabeth,  born 
November    11,    1867,    married    June    26, 

1890,  Calvin  Benner,  a  blacksmith,  of 
Fremont,  and  has  two  sons — James  Levi, 
born  March  27,  1891,  and  Robert  Rice, 
born  January  18,  1894.  (10)  AddaSavilla, 
born  August  5,  1874,  married,  Augusts, 

1894,  William  H.  Hensel,  a  farmer,  four 
miles  west  of  Fremont. 

In  politics  Levi  Wolfe  is  a  Republi- 
can, and  has  held  various  local  offices. 
He  has  cared  kindly  for  his  aged  mother 
who  has  been  an  almost  helpless  invalid 
for  the  last  two  )'ears,  and  who  has  now 
reached  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-three. 

more  than  half  a  century  the 
name  of  Gordon  has  been  closely 
identified  with  the  growth  and 
progress  of  Ottawa  county,  more  particu- 
larly with  Salem  township.  The  family 
is  of  Scotch  ancestry  on  the  father's  side, 
while  the  mother  is  of  Yankee  parentage. 
The  parents  and  grandparents  of  our  sub- 
ject were  natives  of  Somerset  county, 
N.  J.  The  first  members  of  the  family 
to  settle  in  Ohio  were  John  and  Rachel 
(Smith)  Gordon,  parents  of  our  subject, 
who  removed  from  Somerset  county,  N. 
J.,  in  I  S3 1,  and  located  in  Salem  town- 
ship. After  residing  here  for  about  six 
months,  they  removed  to  Harris  town- 
ship, where  they  remained  three  years,  at 
the  end  of  that  time  returning  to  Salem 
township,  making  it  their  place  of  abode 
during  the  remainder  of  their  lives.  They 
were  honored  and  respected  people,  and 
had  a  large  circle  of  warm  friends.  The 
father  passed  away  November  7,  1S51, 
preceded  to  the  grave  by  the  mother,  who 
departed  this  life  March  3,   1842. 

In  every  community  various  pursuits 
are  followed  which  add  to  the  material 
prosperity  of  the  neighborhood,  while  ad- 
vancing the  interests  of  the  individual. 
Among  the  worthy  representatives  of  the 
commercial  class  in  Ottawa  county,  there 
is  no  one  more  highly  respected  than 
Washington  Gordon,  of  Salem  township, 
a  self-made  man,  who  is  now  a  prosperous 
lumber  dealer  of  Oak  Harbor.  He  was 
born  in  Harris  township,  Ottawa  Co., 
Ohio,  January  9,  1834,  and  since  his  in- 
fancy   has    resided    in    Salem    township, 



■^  "t  t^l  I 




being  to-day  one  of  its  oldest  residents. 
His  educational  advantages  in  early  life 
were  of  a  very  limited  nature,  his  boyhood 
having  been  largely  occupied  with  the 
arduous  duties  that  accompany  farming  in 
a  new  region.  Not  wishing,  however,  to 
engage  in  agricultural  pursuits  through 
his  entire  business  career,  he  turned  his 
attention  to  the  manufacture  of  lumber, 
and  is  one  of  the  leaders  in  this  line  of  in- 
dustry in  Ottawa  county. 

On  July  7,  1857,  in  Portage  town- 
ship, Ottawa  county,  was  celebrated  the 
marriage  of  Mr.  Gordon  and  Miss  Mar- 
garet Kymers,  who  was  born  in  Stark 
county,  Ohio.  January  25,  1834.  daugh- 
ter of  Frederick  and  Catherine  (William- 
son i  Kymers,  who  came  to  Ohio,  and 
settled  in  Ottawa  county  in  1S41.  liy 
this  union  there  were  six  children:  Will- 
iam H.,  born  June  13,  1858,  and  died 
December  8,  i860;  Frank,  born  August 
13,  i860,  died  February  25,  1867;  Will- 
iam, born  December  15,  1862,  now 
prosecuting  attorney  of  Ottawa  county 
(on  September  12.  1893,  he  was  married 
to  Elizabeth  Gernhard,  who  was  born 
December  8,  1874.  daughter  of  Conrad 
and  Augusta  (Wilke)  Gernhard.  who 
came  from  Germany);  Eva,  born  Janu- 
ary 31,  1865,  married  October  11,  1882, 
to  William  Hleckner,  postmaster  at  Oak 
Harbor  (Mr.  Bleckner  was  born  Febru- 
ary 14,  1854);  Nora,  born  June  20,  1867, 
wife  of  H.  A.  Kilmer,  of  Oak  Harbor; 
and  Harry  J.,  born  November  7,  1870, 
now  a  school  teacher. 

Mr.  Gordon  capably  served  for  many 
years  as  treasurer  of  Oak  Harbor,  for 
four  years  was  county  treasurer,  was  jus- 
tice of  the  peace  three  years,  and  was 
a  member  of  the  board  of  education  of 
Oak  Harbor.  In  all  these  positions  he 
dis'  barged  his  duties  with  protnptness  an<l 
tiilility.  and  won  the  commendation  of 
all  concerned.  Socially,  he  is  connected 
with  Oak  Harbor  Lodge,  No.  495,  F.  & 
A.  M.,  and  in  his  political  affiliations  he 
is    a    stanch    advocate     of     Democratic 

principles.  The  family  attend  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  Church.  Mr.  Gor- 
don is  a  man  of  more  than  ordinary 
natural  ability,  and  has  made  good  use  of 
his  opportunities  in  life.  With  a  gener- 
ous sympathy,  kindliness,  and  a  desire  to 
live  an  upright  and  helpful  life,  he  has 
endeared  himself  to  a  large  circle  of 
friends.  He  has  devoted  himself  to  his 
business — pleasure  coming  as  an  after 
consideration — and  his  success,  therefore, 
has  been  but  the  consequence  of  a  natural 
law.  His  prosperity  is  well  merited,  and 
his  honorable  straightforward  career  has 
earned  for  him  the  prominence  he  now 
enjoys  in  the  community. 

PETER    SFIELDENNER.    farmer 
and    importer     of     thoroughbred 
horses,  Fremont,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, was  born  October  25.  1840,  in 
1  I^orraine,    France,   a  son  of  I-'rancis  and 
I  Elizabeth     (Gerber)    Spieldenner.       The 
j  father  was  a    native  of    the    same  place, 
and  a  farmer  by  occupation.      In  1845  he 
emigrated   to    .America    with    his  family, 
and    locating    in    Washington    township, 
Sandusky  Co.,   Ohio,   bought   forty  acres 
of  the  forest  land,   which   he  cleared   up 
for  a  home.    Here  he  died  September  15, 
1 850,  aged  forty-seven  years,  four  months, 
three  days,  leaving    a   wife   and  five  chil- 
dren,   viz. :    Peter,    the    subject    of  this 
1  sketch;    Frank,    who    resides    in   eastern 
Ohio;     Margaret,      who     married     John 
Nomene,  and  resides  in    Putnam  county, 
Ohio;     Elizabeth,    who     married     Peter 
Nomene.  and  resides   in   Putnam  county, 
Ohio;  and  John,  who  lives  with  his  broth- 
er   Frank.      The   mother   of    this  family 
passed  away    February    28,    1895.  at  the 
advanced  age  of  eighty  years,  si.x  months, 
three  days. 

.After  the  death  of  Francis  Spielden- 
ner. our  subject  remained  with  the  family 
to  provide  and  care  for  them  until  the 
children  were  all  grown  up.  on  which  ac- 
count he  was  deprived  of  educational  ad- 



vantages,  but  he  mastered  the  rudiments 
of  English  and  German  by  private  study 
at  home.  On  May  2,  1865,  he  was  mar- 
ried to  Mary  Snider,  and  they  have  two 
children:  Fredolina,  who  married  John 
L.  Reineck,  of  Fremont,  Ohio,  a  mem- 
ber of  the  firm  of  Hetrick,  Bristol  &  Co., 
dealers  in  hardware,  and  Adolph,  unmar- 
ried, who  lives  with  his  parents.  Two 
children  died,  Johannah  at  the  age  of 
seventeen,  and  one  in  infancy.  Mrs. 
Spieldenner  is  the  daughter  of  Martin  and 
Mary  (Flatz)  Snider,  and  was  born  No- 
vember 19,  1846,  in  Tyrol,  Austria,  being 
educated  at  Wolfurt,  near  Bregenz. 
When  she  was  twelve  years  old  her  par- 
ents came  to  America,  and  the  family  set- 
tled in  Rice  township,  Sandusky  county, 
Ohio.  The  mother  died  on  the  second 
day  after  reaching  Fremont.  The  chil- 
dren remained  at  home  until  their  mar- 
riage, and  the  father  is  now  living  at 
Millersville  with  his  son-in-law,  F.  Fish- 
er. He  was  born  November  11,  1806, 
in  Austria,  and  was  alwavs  a  farmer;  his 
wife,  born  in  1809,  died  June  25,  1859,  and 
was  buried  in  Ludwick  Cemetery.  There 
were  fourteen  children  in  the  family,  six 
of  whom  are  living,  one  in  California  and 
the  others  in  Sandusky  county.  Mrs. 
Spieldenner's  maternal  grandmother,  May 
Ann  Grising,  was  born  in  Austria  about 

After  his  marriage  Peter  Spieldenner 
settled  on  a  farm  in  Ballville  township 
and  followed  agriculture  exclusively  for 
about  six  years;  then  moved  to  Sandusky 
township,  where  he  bought  eighty-five 
acres  of  land  west  of  Fremont,  just  out- 
side the  corporation,  on  which  he  now 
lives.  Upon  his  removal  to  this  place  he 
engaged  in  buying  and  shipping  live  stock 
to  Eastern  markets,  chiefly  to  Buffalo, 
N.  Y. ,  and  a  few  years  later  he  became 
interested  in  the  breeding  of  horses,  be- 
coming an  importer  of  French  stallions. 
He  went  to  France  about  the  year  1882, 
and  purchased  two  Percheron  stallions, 
which  he  brought  to  Fremont.      For  sev- 

eral years  subsequent  to  this  he  devoted 
his  attention  to  the  breeding  of  horses, 
and  on  a  second  trip  to  France  he  im- 
ported six  stallions.  While  abroad  in 
Europe  he  traveled  through  Scotland, 
England  and  parts  of  France,  visiting  his 
relatives  in  Paris.  During  the  last  thirty 
years  Mr.  Spieldenner  has  been  well 
known  in  the  vicinity  of  Fremont  as  a 
popular  auctioneer,  being  able  to  speak 
both  German  and  English  fluently.  He 
is  a  Democrat  in  politics,  and  has  served 
as  trustee  of  Sandusky  township.  He 
and  his  family  are  members  of  St. 
Joseph's  Catholic  Church  of  Fremont. 

M.  D.,  a  successful  and  thoroughly 
trained     medical     practitioner    of 
Clyde,  Sandusky  county,  was  born 
in  Holmes  county,  Ohio,  August  14,  1845, 
son    of    Basil    \V.    and   Elizabeth   (Blair) 

The  father  was  born  at  Danville,  Ivnox 
county,  in  18 18,  and  now  lives  at  Mt. 
Vernon,  Ohio,  a  successful  retired  farmer 
and  stock  dealer.  He  bought  horses  and 
sheep  extensively,  selling  them  at  Chi- 
cago and  in  other  markets.  The  pater- 
nal grandfather  of  B.  W.  Robinson  emi- 
grated from  Scotland  about  the  middle  of 
the  last  century,  and  settled  near  Harris- 
burg,  where  he  was  engaged  in  general 
merchandising.  He  died  possessed  of 
considerable  property,  and  his  will  is  now 
in  the  possession  of  B.  W.  Robinson. 
William  Robinson,  one  of  the  sons  of 
this  Scotch  emigrant,  was  a  member  of 
one  of  the  early  legislatures  of  Ohio. 
Solomon  Robinson,  another  son,  father  of 
B.  W.,  migrated  from  Pennsylvania  to 
Ohio   in    1799   or  1800.      He   had  eleven 

children,  the  eldest  of  whom  was  born  in 
Ohio  in  1801.  Solomon  Robinson  died 
of  apoplexy  in  his  eighty-sixth  year  on 
the  farm  he  had  cleared  near  Mt.  \'ernon. 
Only  three  of  his  children  survive:  Dan- 
iel,   of  Lima;  Mrs.  Brooks,    of   Newark; 



and  B.  \V.  The  latter  is  a  Republican 
in  politics;  and  a  nionibor  nf  the  Baptist 
Church.  His  wife,  liiizabcth  Blair,  was 
born  in  Ashland  county.  Ohio,  in  1821. 
and  died  in  1S89.  Her  father  was  a 
Scotch  emigrant;  her  maternal  grand- 
mother was  stolen  from  Ireland  by  a 
brother,  and  educated  in  America.  The 
mother  of  Elizabeth  Blair  is  said  to  have 
been  the  first  white  child  born  west  of  the 
Ohio  river.  When  a  child,  during,'  the 
early  Indian  troubles,  she  witnessed, 
through  a  crack  in  the  stockade,  the  mas- 
sacre of  her  brother — twenty-one  years 
old — and  of  her  sister — two  years  younjjer 
— both  victims  of  the  tomahawks  and 
scalping  knives  of  the  savages.  B.  W. 
and  Elizabeth  Robinson  had  five  chil- 
dren, four  of  whom  lived  to  maturity,  as 
follows:  Kovilla,  who  married  John  God- 
frey Jones,  a  Methodist  minister,  and  a 
graduate  of  Kenyon  College,  and  now  re- 
sides near  Portsmouth:  Laurel  Elmer, 
subject  of  this  sketch;  W'infteld  Scott,  a 
physician,  who  was  educated  at  Mt.  Ver- 
non. Ohio,  and  Philadelphia,  Penn..  and 
who  died  in  1893;  R.  J.,  also  a  physician, 
now  deceased;  and  one  child  that  died  in 

Laurel  Elmer  Robinson  was  educated 
at  Mt.  X'ernon.  In  1868  he  entered  the 
U.  S.  regular  army  as  hospital  steward 
for  a  term  of  five  years,  passing  a  strict 
technical  examination  before  his  appoint- 
ment could  be  made  effective.  From  this 
service  Dr.  Robinson  received  great  pro- 
fessional benefit.  He  was  stationed  in 
Arizona  during  the  Indian  troubles  of 
1870,  and  in  his  professional  capacity  was 
often  under  fire  from  the  savages.  His 
hat  brim  was  once  shot  off,  ami  bullets 
several  times  pierced  his  clothing.  He 
was  under  Gen.  Crooks  comman<l,  and 
not  infrequently  prescribed  medicine  for 
this  unassuming  commander,  but  brilliant 
Indian  fighter.  Retiring  from  the  army 
service.  Dr.  Robinson  completed  a  course 
of  study  at  Rush  Medical  Ctjilege,  gradu- 
ating with  the  class  of    1874.      He  prac- 

ticed two  years  at  Mt.  Vernon  with  his 
brother,  R.  j.,  then  three  years  at  Re- 
public, Seneca  county,  and  in  1879  set- 
tled permanently  at  Clyde,  where  he  has 
since  built  up  a  large  practice.  Dr.  Rob- 
inson was  married  at  Mt.  \'ernon.  in 
1876,  to  Miss  Cora  B.  McElroy.  and  four 
children  have  been  born  to  them — How- 
ard, Lester,  Carl  and  Russell;  the  latter 
died  in  June,  1894,  aged  two  years  and 
si.\  months.  Dr.  Robinson  is  a  member 
of  the  Sandusky  County  Medical  Society, 
and  in  politics  he  is  a  Republican. 

SB.  TAYLOR.  M.  D.,  physician 
.ind  surgeon,  Fremont,  Sandusky 
county,  has  been  engaged  in  the 
practice  of  medicine  for  thirty 
years.  He  was  born  at  Lower  Sandusky. 
Ohio,  March  19,  1844.  son  of  Austin  B. 
and  Delia  A.  (Pettibone)  Taylor.  His 
father  was  born  in  Newfane,  \'t.,  in  1814, 
and  at  the  age  of  twenty-four  came  to 
Lower  Sandusky,  Ohio,  to  clerk  for  Sardis 
Birchard,  of  the  firm  of  Birchard,  Dick- 
inson &  Grant,  whom  he  afterward  suc- 
ceeded in  business,  and  was  one  of  the 
pioneer  merchants  of  the  village.  He 
died  February  22,  1863.  Dr.  Taylor's 
mother  was  born  in  Granby.  Conn.,  in 
1822.  daughter  of  Hon.  Hiram  Pettibone. 
a  native  of  Connecticut,  who  in  1S36 
came  to  Lower  Sandusky,  and  was  one 
of  its  first  attorneys.  He  died  at  Fond 
du  Lac,  Wis.,  in  1886;  his  wife  died  at 
Fremont  in  1854.  Mrs.  Taylor  died  in 
1888.  at  Fremont,  Ohio. 

The  children  of  Austin  B.  and  Delia 
A.  Taylor  were:  Mary,  who  died  in  1857. 
at  the  age  of  fourteen;  Sardis  B. ,  our 
subject;  Charles,  who  died  in  Dunlap. 
Iowa,  in  1891;  George,  who  died  in  At- 
tica. Harper  Co..  Kans..  in  1891;  Oscar 
W..  who  died  in  Dunlap,  Iowa,  in  1891; 
Austin  B.,  who  resides  at  Dunlap,  Iowa; 
and  Delia,  who  is  a  teacher  of  German 
I  in    the    Fremont     public    schools    (Miss 



Taylor   is   a  graduate  of  Wells  College, 
N.  Y.). 

Dr.  S.  B.  Taylor  was  reared  in  Fre- 
mont, there  receiving  his  primary  educa- 
tion in  the  public  schools,  and  subse- 
quently passed  through  the  Preparatory 
Department  of  Western  Reserve  College, 
at  Hudson,  Ohio.  He  then  commenced 
the  study  of  medicine  at  Cleveland,  Ohio, 
under  Dr.  S.  R.  Beckwith,  and  later  en- 
tered Cleveland  Medical  Institute,  from 
which  he  graduated  with  the  class  of 
1864.  He  afterward  attended  Starling 
Medical  College,  Columbus,  Ohio,  from 
which  he  graduated  with  the  class  of 
1872.  He  began  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession in  1864,  in  the  capacity  of  assist- 
ant-surgeon of  the  One  Hundred  and 
Sixty-ninth  Regiment,  O.  V.  I.,  at  Fort 
Ethan  Allen,  Va.,  and  since  that  time  he 
has  been  in  constant  practice  at  Fremont, 
Ohio.  He  was  physician  at  the  County 
Infirmary  from  1868  to  1872,  and  he  is 
now  president  of  the  Sandusky  County 
Soldiers'  Relief  Commission,  and  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Sandusky  County  Medical 
Society,  of  which  he  was  the  first  libra- 
rian. Dr.  Taylor  is  a  member  of  Dick- 
inson Tent  No.  21,  K.  O.  T.  M.,  of 
which  he  has  been  physician,  and  a  mem- 
ber of  Eugene  Rawson  Post  No.  32, 
G.  A.  R. ,  numbering  170  members,  of 
which  he  has  been  surgeon  for  twelve 
years.  He  was  aide-de-camp  to  the  G. 
A.  R.  for  Sandusky  county  in  1890.  He 
is  a  Democrat  in  politics.  Dr.  Taylor  is 
a  lineal  descendant,  great-grandson,  of 
Brig. -Gen.  Chauncey  Pettibone,  who 
served  in  the  Revolutionary  war. 

JOSEPH  L.  RAWSON.  Few  fam- 
ilies have  honored  the  memory  of 
an  illustrious  line  of  English  ancestry 
more  than  has  the  Rawson  family  in 
Sandusky  county,  Ohio.  Depending 
whoU}'  upon  their  own  exertions,  each  has 
left  the  impress  of  his  life  and  character 
upon    the    history  of    the   community  in 

which  he  lived  and  labored.  As  an  honored 
representative  of  the  Rawsons  we  present 
the  one  whose  name  opens  this  article. 

Joseph  L.  Rawson,  surveyor,  was 
born  in  Fremont,  Ohio,  in  1835,  a  son  of 
Dr.  L.  Q.  and  Sophia  (Beaugrand)  Raw- 
son,  the  former  of  English  and  the  lat- 
ter of  French  descent.  Dr.  Rawson  was 
a  native  of  Irving,  Franklin  Co.,  Mass., 
born  September  4,  1804,  a  son  of  Lemuel 
Rawson,  who  was  also  a  native  of  Massa- 
chusetts, born  January  18,  1767.  Lemuel 
Rawson  was  a  tanner  by  trade  until  1812, 
after  which  he  was  a  farmer;  he  was  mar- 
ried on  September  8,  1 791,  to  Miss  Sarah 
Barrus,  and  after  farming  successively  at 
Orange,  New  Salem  and  Irving  Grant, 
Mass.,  until  1836,  came  to  Bath,  Summit 
Co.,  Ohio,  where  he  remained  until  Sep- 
tember 20,  1844,  when  his  wife  died,  and 
he  then  removed  to  Lower  Sandusky. 
Their  children  were:  Sallie  Rawson, 
who  was  first  married  to  Capt.  Jesse 
Thompson,  and  after  his  death  to  Mr.  B. 
Hubbard,  who  settled  in  Putnam  county, 
Ohio;  she  died  October  15,  1853.  Lemuel, 
born  December  14,  1793,  died  October  6, 
1866;  he  settled  on  the  Rawson  farm,  in 
South  Orange,  Mass.  Secretary  Rawson, 
who  practiced  medicine  in  Summit  county, 
Ohio,  forty-two  years,  after  which  he 
went  to  DesMoines,  Iowa,  where  he  died 
in  1 89 1,  aged  ninet3'-five  years;  he  was  a 
member  of  the  Presbyterian  Church. 
Elizabeth,  twin  of  Secretary,  died  when 
two  years  old.  Abel  Rawson,  an  attorney 
at  law  of  Tiffin,  Ohio,  died  in  1871.  Bass 
Rawson,  who  was  a  hatter  b}'  trade,  and 
later  a  physician  and  surgeon  of  Findlay, 
Hancock  Co.,  Ohio;  he  died  in  1891, 
aged  ninety-two  j'ears.  Hannah  Rawson, 
wife  of  John  Galbraith,  of  Seneca  county, 
Ohio;  she  died  in  September,  1867.  L. 
Q.,  father  of  our  subject.  Alonzo  Raw- 
son,  who  published  a  weekly  paper  at 
Athol,  Mass. ,  called  the  Freedom  Sentinel, 
until  1833,  when  he  cametoTifiin,  Ohio, 
and  published  the  Independent  Chronicle 
two  j'ears;    after  this    he  engaged    for  a 



time  ill  mercantile  pursuits,  and  then 
studied  and  practiced  medicine;  he  died  at 
Colton,  Ohio,  November  25,  1864,  aged 
fifty-eight  years. 

Dr.  L.  y.  Rawson  was  reared  and 
educated  in  Massachusetts,  and  in  1824 
attended  a  medical  college  at  Cincinnati, 
Ohio.  He  began  the  practice  of  medi- 
cine in  1825,  in  Wyandot  county,  and  in 
1826  came  to  Lower  Sandusky,  whence 
after  a  brief  stay  he  then  went  east  and  en- 
tered the  Medical  College  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  Pennsylvania,  where  he  finished 
his  education  and  received  the  degree  of 
M.  D. ;  he  returned  to  Sandusky  county, 
and  continued  in  the  practice  of  his  pro- 
fession until  1855.  He  held  various  of- 
fices of  honor  and  trust  in  hiscoiimiunity, 
for  a  time  serving  as  clerk  of  courts,  and 
also  as  clerk  of  the  supreme  court  from 
1836  to  1851.  From  1853  he  devoted 
part  of  his  time  to  the  building  of  the 
Lake  Erie  &  Western  railroad,  of  which 
he  was  president  several  years.  The 
town  of  Kawson  was  named  after  him, 
as  was  also  Kawson  avenue,  Fremont. 
He  was  considered  a  man  of  good  finan- 
cial ability  and  force  of  character.  On  July 
8,  1829,  Dr.  Kawson  was  married  to 
Miss  Sophia  Beaugrand,  at  Lower  San- 
dusky (now  Fremont),  Ohio,  who  was 
born  October  20,  1810.  a  daughter  of 
John  11  Beaugrand,  one  of  the  early 
pioneers  of  the  lilack  Swamp,  who  was 
a  merchant  at  Maumee  from  1 802  to  1812. 
He  had  married  in  1802,  at  Detroit, 
Mich.,  Miss  Margaret  Chabert,  daughter 
of  Col.  Chabert  de  Joucaire.  of  the 
French  army.  Dr.  L.  Q.  Kawson  died  at 
Fremont,  in  September,  1888,  and  his 
wife  in  May.  1882.  Their  children  were: 
Milton  E.,  a  physician,  who  graduated 
from  Cleveland  Medical  College,  practiced 
medicine  in  Grand  Haven  and  Muskegon, 
Mich.,  and  at  Fremont,  Ohio;  Xavier  J., 
who  died  in  infancy;  Joseph  L. ,  whose 
name  opens  this  sketch;  Josephine,  who 
died  in  childhood;  Ko.xine  H.,  born  in 
1838,  and  died  in  1846;  Eugene  A.,  born 

March  14,  1840,  a  soldier  of  the  Civil 
war,  who  died  July  22,  1864,  and  after 
whom  a  G.  A.  R.  Post  is  named  (he 
enlisted  in  the  Twelfth  New  York  In- 
fantry, was  transferred  in  December, 
1861,  to  the  Seventy-second  Regiment, 
O.  V.  I.,  with  the  rank  of  adjutant,  and 
soon  afterward  received  the  rank  of  major 
which  he  held  up  to  the  time  of  his 
death.  He  participated  in  the  battles  of 
Shiloh,  first  liuU  Run,  siege  of  Corinth, 
V'icksburg,  and  other  engagements  of  less 
note.  During  a  skirmish  near  Guntown, 
Miss.,  July  15,  1864,  he  received  a  wound 
which  resulted  in  his  death  a  week  later, 
at  Memphis,  Tenn.);  and  EstelleS.,  born 
March  2,  1849,  wife  of  L.  .\.  Russell,  of 
Cleveland,  Ohio. 

Joseph  L.  Rawson  was  reared  and 
educated  in  Fremont,  and  occasionally 
performed  farm  labor.  He  took  up  civil 
engineering,  which  he  followed  for  a  time, 
and  for  about  ten  years  also  had  charge 
of  a  grain  elevator  at  the  docks  in  Fre- 
mont. In  September,  1859,  he  married 
Miss  Margaret  A.  Gelpin,  of  Fremont, 
Ohio,  whose  parents  were  Lyman  and 
Martha  (Stevenson)  Gelpin,  the  former 
from  New  York  State,  the  latter  from 
Maryland,  both  having  come  to  the 
Western  Reserve  at  an  early  day,  where 
they  died.  To  our  subject  and  wife  Avere 
born  three  children:  Sophia  E.,  born 
July  4,  i860,  wife  of  Theodore  Harris,  a 
merchant  of  Tecumseh,  Mich.,  who  has 
one  child,  Jennie  May;  Jennie  A.,  born 
February  7,  1863,  wife  of  Dr.  O.  H. 
Thomas,  of  Fremont,  Ohio,  and  La 
yuinio  G.,  born  October  28,  187 1,  an 
attorney  at  law  of  Cleveland,  Ohio,  who 
read  law  with  James  H.  Fowler,  Fre- 
mont, attended  the  Cincinnati  Law 
School,  from  which  he  graduated,  stand- 
ing fifth  in  a  class  of  ninety-seven,  and 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1891. 

Our  subject  is  a  Republican  in 
politics;  his  family  are  members  of  the 
St.  Pauls  Episcopal  Church.  The  Raw- 
son  family   is  of  English  ancestry,  being 



descended  from  Edward  Rawson,  who 
came  to  the  Colony  of  Massachusetts,  in 
1636-37,  and  settled  at  Newbury,  Mass. 
Some  of  the  family  line  were  ministers, 
some  sea  captains,  and  others  physicians. 
The  family  have  a  coat  of  arms  traced 
back  to  England,  and  a  well-written 
book    of  family  genealogy. 


RAWSON.  Prominent  among 
the  patriotic  and  brave  young 
men  of  Sandusky  county,  who 
voluntarily  sacrificed  their  lives  on  the 
altar  of  their  country  during  the  Civil  war, 
1861-65,  was  he  whose  name  introduces 
this  article. 

^^'hile  a  student  at  Homer,  N.  Y.,  and 
just  about  finishing  his  academic  course 
preparatory  to  entering  Yale  College,  he 
promptly  responded  to  Abraham  Lincoln's 
first  call  for  volunteers  by  enlisting  in  the 
Twelfth  New  York  Regiment.  In  the 
capacity  of  private  he  took  a  noble  part 
in  the  battle  of  Bull  Run,  evincing  great 
coolness  and  bravery.  In  December, 
1 86 1,  he  was  appointed  adjutant  of  the 
Seventy-second  Reginent  O.  V.  I.,  by  the 
governor  of  Ohio,  and  was  accordingly 
transferred  to  it  by  the  War  Department. 
He  left  Fremont  with  the  regiment  in 
January,  1862,  when  it  moved  to  Camp 
Chase,  preparatory  to  going  to  its  final 
destination — Paducah  and  the  Southwest. 
He  shared  its  perils  after  it  joined  the 
army  of  the  Tennessee,  and  moved  down 
the  Mississippi  to  Pittsburg  Landing. 
Many  boys  of  the  regiment  were  sick  with 
the  diseases  peculiar  to  that  Southern 
climate,  and  Mr.  Rawson's  natural  buoy- 
ancy of  spirit  and  cheerful  sprightly  man- 
ner did  no  little  to  drive  away  despond- 
ency. A  few  incidents  will  give  an  idea 
of  his  bravery.  On  Frida}'  preceding  the 
battle  of  Shiloh,  at  the  head  of  Company 
B,  Adjutant  Rawson,  with  forty  men, 
having  only  a  fallen  tree  for  their  breast- 
work, kept  six  hundred   Rebel  cavalry  in 

check  for  several  hours,  until  relieved  by 
the  timely  arrival  of  Col.  Buckland. 
When  the  battle  opened  on  Sunday 
morning,  April  6th,  and  the  Rebels  came 
like  an  avalanche  upon  the  unsuspecting 
Union  troops,  Buckland's  brigade  re- 
sponded to  the  beat  of  the  "long  roll" 
with  such  alacrity  that  they  stood  in  the 
very  front  of  Sherman's  Division,  ready 
for  action,  before  the  enemy  had  gained 
rifle  distance  of  their  position.  Col.  R. 
P.  Buckland  being  in  command  of  the 
brigade,  the  command  of  the  regiment 
devolved  upon  Lieut. -Col.  Canfield,  and 
as  Major  Crockett,  the  only  other  field 
officer  of  the  regiment  had  been  taken 
prisoner  two  days  previous.  Adjutant 
Rawson,  by  common  consent  assumed 
the  duties  of  major  for  the  occasion.  At 
the  first  or  second  fire,  Lieut. -Col.  Can- 
field  fell  mortally  wounded,  and  Adjutant 
Rawson  alone  remained  to  command  the 
regiment,  and  cheer  the  boys  who  stood 
steadfast  amid  the  storm  of  leaden  hail 
that  mowed  through  their  ranks,  until 
Col.  Buckland,  seeing  their  extremity, 
came  to  their  relief.  The  horse  of  Adj. 
Rawson  was  shot  from  under  him,  and 
another  that  had  been  sent  for  him  was 
captured  before  it  reached  him,  but  he 
performed  his  duties  promptly  and  effi- 
ciently on  foot.  He  distinguished  himself 
later  in  the  three-days'  fight  at  Pittsburg 
Landing,  at  the  siege  of  Corinth,  in  the 
pursuit  of  Forrest  through  Tennessee,  in 
the  marches,  skirmishes  and  battles  from 
Memphis  to  Vicksburg,  in  the  pursuit  of 
Johnson,  under  Sherman,  to  Jackson,  in 
the  return  to  Memphis,  and  in  the  expe- 
dition into  Mississippi. 

After  the  Seventy-second  had  re-en- 
listed as  veterans,  and  after  the  main  body 
composing  Sherman's  expedition  had 
moved  southward,  a  small  force  of  about 
1,600  men  was  sent  out  on  the  venture- 
some expedition  of  making  a  feint  into  the 
enemy's  country,  where  they  were  hold- 
ing a  position  on  the  bank  of  the  Talla- 
hatchie to  intercept  and  defeat  the  cross- 



ing  of  reinforcements  moving  to  the  sup- 
port of  Sherman.  Of  this  small  force, 
theScventy-second  regiment,  under  Lieut. - 
Col.  Eaton  and  Maj.  Kawson  formed  a 
part.  Tlie  latter  officer  had  been  pro- 
moted by  common  consent  to  the  rank  of 
major,  and  performed  his  part  of  the  un- 
dertaking with  rare  good  judgment  and 
intrepidity.  From  the  badly  managed 
expedition  of  which  the  Seventy-second 
regiment  ft)rmed  a  part,  which  was  sent 
out  from  Nfemphis  under  Gen.  Sturgis, 
and  which  ended  so  sadly  at  Guntown  and 
Kipley,  in  .Mississippi.  Maj.  Rawson 
reached  Memphis  with  such  of  the  officers  ' 
and  men  as  were  saved  from  the  general 
disaster;  marching  over  eighty  miles  with- 
out food  or  rest,  in  less  than  forty-eight 
hours.  The  Seventy-second  regiment 
acted  as  a  rearguard  to  the  fleeing  troops, 
and  valiantly  beat  back  the  pursuing  foe 
until  out  of  animunition  and  having  their 
supplv  train  destroyed  by  the  Kebels, 
when  they  were  at  last  forced  to  make 
good  their  escape  by  flight  after  250  of 
their  men  had  been  captured.  Scarcely 
rested  from  this  scene  of  suffering,  the 
Seventy-second  regiment,  imder  Maj. 
Kawson,  started  again,  under.  Gen.  A.  J. 
Smith,  to  encounter  the  same  foe.  Com- 
ing up  to  the  enemy  at  Tupelo,  Miss., 
Maj.  Kawson  was  mortally  woundeil  at 
Old  Town  Creek,  while  gallantly  leading 
a  charge  against  the  Kebel  lines.  He 
was  borne  from  the  field  and  conveyed 
back  to  Memphis,  where  he  died  July  22, 
1864,  aged  twenty-four  years.  His  re- 
mains were  embalmed  and  sent  home  to 
Fremont,  Ohio,  where  with  appropriate 
ceremonies  they  were  interred  in  Oak 
Wood  Cemetery.  Kcsolutions  of  respect 
were  adopted  by  the  remaining  officers  of 
the  regiment,  and  forwarded  for  publica- 
tion to  the  Press  of  Sandusky  county. 
In  the  year  1881,  the  first  organization  of 
the  Grand  Army  of  the  Republic,  at  I're- 
mont,  was  named  after  Maj.  Eugene  Al- 
len Kawson.  and  among  its  charter  mem- 
bers were  Gen.  K.  P.  Huckland  and  Gen. 

R.  B.  Hayes,  the  latter  of  whom  donated 
the  use  of  Hirchard  Hall  to  the  Post.  free, 
as  long  as  they  shall  maintain  their  organi- 

Major  Rawson  was  the  son  of  Dr.  La 
Quinio  and  Sophia  (I^eaugrand)  Rawson, 
and  was  born  at  Fremont,  Ohio,  March 
14.  1S40.  While  absent  from  his  regi- 
ment on  furlough.  August  31.  1863,  he 
married  Miss  Jennie  Snyder,  an  amiable 
and  accomplished  lady  of  Cortland.  New 

JD.  BEMIS,  M.  D.,  is  a  native  of 
Ohio,  born  in  Elyria,  March  14. 
1858,  a  son  of  Eri  and  Lydia  A. 
fGriswold)  Bemis,  the  former  of 
whom  was  a  well-to-do  farmer  of  I^orain 
count}'  until  the  breaking  out  of  the  Civil 
war.  At  that  time,  tired  with  the  spirit 
of  patriotism,  he  gave  his  services  to  the 
government,  for  the  preservation  of  the 
Union,  by  enlisting,  in  .\ugust,  1862,  in 
Company  E,  First  Ohio  Light  Artillery 
(Edgerton's  Batteryi,  in  which  he  bravely 
served  until  he  died  at  Nashville,  Tenn., 
July  13,  1863;  his  remains  were  sent 
home  to  Elyria  for  burial.  The  mother 
of  our  subject  also  died  in  comparatively 
early  life,  leaving  four  children,  namely: 
Charles,  who  lives  in  Elyria,  Ohio;  H. 
E.,  in  California;  Dr.  J.  D. ;  and  Clara, 
now  the  wife  of  C.  W.  Benton,  of  Elyria, 

The  subject  of  these  lines  after  the 
death  of  his  parents  was  placed  in  care 
of  his  uncle.  Dr.  Griswold,  of  Elyria, 
Lorain  county,  and  attended  the  schools 
of  that  city  until  he  was  about  nine  years 
of  age,  when  he  was  received  into  the  Sol- 
diers and  Sailors  Orphans  himie.  at 
Xenia.  Ohio  (of  which  institution  his 
uncle  had  just  been  appointed  superin- 
tendent .  remaining  there  until  he  was 
thirteen  years  old.  This  brings  us  now 
to  1871.  at  which  time  our  subject  re- 
ceived, at  the  hands  of  Lieut. -Gov.  J.  C. 
Lee.  the  appointment  of  bill-room   mes- 



senger  for  the  Ohio  Senate,  in  which  ca- 
pacity he  served  two  years.  During  the 
State  Constitutional  Convention,  1873-74, 
he  was  appointed  page,  and  later  he  filled 
the  office  of  assistant  sergeant-at-arms, 
under  appointment  from  M.  R.  Waite, 
president  of  the  convention,  and  after- 
ward chief  justice  of  the  United  States. 
In  1874-75  Dr.  Bemis  attended  Baldwin 
University,  and  from  there  returned  to 
Elyria,  where  he  pursued  the  stud}'  of 
medicine  in  the  office  of  Dr.  Perry,  having 
previously  studied  at  intervals  with  the 
aid  of  his  uncle's  medical  library.  From 
Dr.  Perry's  office  he  went,  in  1876,  to 
the  Eclectic  Medical  Institute,  Cincin- 
nati (Ohio),  graduating  thereat  in  1879, 
and  then  came  to  Fremont,  where  he  at 
once  commenced  the  practice  of  his 
chosen  profession,  and,  as  a  hard  student 
of  advanced  ideas  in  both  medicine  and 
surgery,  has  placed  himself  in  the  fore- 
most rank  of  skilled  practitioners  in  the 

In  1892  the  Doctor  was  elected  health 
officer  for  the  city  of  Fremont,  and  is  at 
present  filling  the  incumbency  with  his 
proverbial  skill  and  efficiencj',  the  quality 
of  which  is  well  evidenced  by  the  present 
high  sanitary  condition  of  the  city.  In 
1892  he  was  appointed  a  member  of  the 
United  States  Board  of  Pension  Examin- 
ing Surgeons,  and  has  been  its  secretary 
since  189^. 

WILLIAM  A.  CLEMONS,  famil- 
iarly known  as  "Judge  dem- 
ons," one  of  the  most  prominent 
citizens  of  Ottawa  county,  was 
born  in  Erie  county,  Ohio,  December  15, 
1 829,  and  is  a  son  of  Alexander  and  Ange- 
line  (Hollister)  demons,  the  former  a 
native  of  Maine,  the  latter  of  Connecticut. 
They  were  of  Scotch  ancestry  on  the  ma- 
ternal side,  but  the  demons  family,  as  far 
as  known,  originated  on  the  Isle  of  Guern- 
sey, where  two  little  boys,  Isaac  and 
»     John  demons,  were  stolen  while  on  their 

way  to  school,  and  brought  to  America, 
locating  at  Salem,  Mass.,  in  the  early 
part  of  the  eighteenth  century. 

Our  subject  is  descended  from  Isaac, 
who  afterward  located  in  the  State  of 
Maine,  and  became  the  father  of  two 
sons — Edward  and  John.  The  former 
had  four  sons — Jock,  Samuel,  Jabez,  and 
Frank — and  these  four  brothers  removed 
to  Madison,  N.  Y.,  in  1795.  The  first 
named  became  the  father  of  three  sons 
and  two  daughters.  Samuel  had  one  son 
and  two  dughters;  Jabez,  two  sons  and 
three  daughters;  Frank  had  three  daugh- 
ters. Jabez  became  the  father  of  David 
demons,  the  father  of  the  celebrated 
humorist,  who  is  best  known  to  the  world 
as  Mark  Twain.  John,  the  brother  of  Ed- 
ward, had  three  sons  and  three  daughters, 
namely:  John,  Jonathan,  Eli,  Ruth, 
Hannah  and  Eunice.  John  wedded  Mary 
McLellan,  of  Gorham,  Maine,  and  their 
children  were — Cary,  Andrew,  Alexander, 
John,  Eunice,  Ai,  Elijah,  Nancy,  Samuel 
and  William.  Ruth,  a  sister  of  the  father 
of  this  family,  became  the  wife  of  Col. 
Charles  Wadsworth,  son  of  Gen.  Peleg 
Wadsworth,  of  Revolutionary  fame,  and 
the  brother  of  the  mother  of  Henry 
Wadsworth  Longfellow.  Hannah  mar- 
ried William  Cotton.  The  mother  of 
John  demons,  and  the  great-grandmother 
of  our  subject,  was  Abigail  Wetherbee, 
who  lived  to  be  one  hundred  and  four 
years  old,  and  left  one  hundred  and  sixty- 
four  descendants. 

Alexander  demons,  father  of  our  sub- 
ject, was  born  in  Hiram,  Maine,  February 
II,  1 794,  and  was  a  cabinet  maker  by 
trade,  but  after  locating  in  Ottawa  county 
engaged  in  stone  quarrying.  He  was  one 
of  the  best  known  and  most  prominent 
men  of  his  day.  He  was  married  February 
1 1, 1824,  to  Almira  Angeline  Hollister, who 
was  born  in  Glastonburg,  Conn.,  April  5, 
1806.  Their  children  were:  Winslow, 
born  in  Sandusky,  Ohio,  December  29, 
1824;  Milo,  born  April  6,  1S27,  and  died 
March  6, 1 888  ;William  Alexander;Phineas 

nui  lA 



Harrison,  born  February  i6,  1832;  Sarah, 
born  March  4,  1834;  Frances,  born  April 
6,  1836;  Myron  Ehjah,  born  l-'ebruary 
25,  183S;  Albert  Alonzo,  born  April  9, 
1840;  Lucian  Monroe,  born  November 
28,  1S41;  Lester  Newton,  who  was  born 
in  1843,  and  died  March  5,  1S46;  Lucia 
Louise,  who  .was  born  in  December, 
1844,  and  died  November  20,  1849;  Hub- 
bard Mortimer,  born  March  27,  184S;  Ai 
Jay.  born  June  17,  1S50;  Eunice,  who 
died  March  6.  1888;  and  one  son  who 
died  in  infancy. 

When  our  subject  was  three  years  old 
he  was  brought  by  his  parents  to  Dan- 
bury  township,  Ottawa  county,  and  he  is 
to-day  an  honored  pioneer  whose  resi- 
dence covers  a  period  of  sixty-three  years. 
His  father  passed  away  March  12, 
1 886.  his  mother  on  March  24,  1861. 
William  obtained  a  limited  education  in 
the  district  schools,  and  then  worked  in 
his  fathers  quarry,  after  which  he  en- 
gaged in  business  for  several  years  with 
his  brothers,  but  later  was  associated  with 
no  partner.  Since  1891  he  has  lived  re- 
tired, enjoying  a  rest  which  he  truly 
earned  and  well  deserves. 

Mr.  demons  was  married  at  Marble- 
head  Lighthouse,  January  i,  1856,  to 
Alvira  V'..  daughter  of  J.  B.  and  Arvilla 
( Knappj  Keyes.  the  former  a  native  of 
New  York,  the  latter  of  \'ermont.  Her 
father  was  born  May  8,  181  5,  was  a  sea- 
faring man,  and  for  several  years  light- 
house keeper,  at  Marblec  ead.  He  was 
niarried  December  24,  834,  to  Mrs. 
Arvilla  Wolcott.  who  wjjJborn  Septem- 
ber 21,  1810,  and  February  21.  1830, 
married  W'illiam  B.  Wolcott.  In  her 
family  were  i-ight  children:  Harrison  W. 
born  February  21,  1S31;  Mary  F.,  born 
December  20,  1832,  and  Arvilla  A.,  born 
April  21.  1835,  all  three  now  deceased; 
Alvira  V.,  born  September  17,  1837; 
Charles  M..  born  October  28,  1840,  now 
living  in  Sandusky  City;  Thomas  J.,  born 
December  28,  1842,  is  at  Berlin  Heights. 
Ohio;  Jane  Ellen,  born  March   21,  1845, 

•  died  in  infancy,  and  Jennie  V. ,  born  Sep- 
ten)ber  5,  1846,  now  the  widow  of  Hor- 
ace  Fond,    of    Elyria.      The   father  died 

I  July  20,  1891,  the  mother  on  June  8, 

Our  subject  and  his  wife  have  had 
twelve  children,  as  follows:  Ada  \'. ,  born 
February  16,  1857,  now  the  wife  of 
Richard  Coorty,  a  prominent  merchant 
of  Marblehead;  Arvilla  C,  born  March 
I,    i860,    and    died    December    3,     1869; 

I  Cora  A.,   born  April  19,  1862;  Sarah  E., 

i  born  July  12,  1864;  James  A.,  born 
August  29,  1866,  a  merchant  of  Marble- 
head;  Charles  B. ,  born  August  22,  1868, 
now  a  member  of  the  crew  of  the  Mar- 
blehead life-saving  station;  Francis  J.,  of 
Marblehead,  born  April  12,  1870;  Harry 
R.,  born  November  12,  1S72;  Clarence 
M.,  and  Clement  M.,  born  June  17,  1874, 
and  died  in  infancy;  Walter  L. ,  born 
July  26,  1876:  and  Erie  May,  born  Feb- 
ruary 21,   1879 

In  his  political  views,  Mr.  Clemons  is 
a  Republican.  His  business  enterprises 
have  been  generally  successful,  and  by  in- 
dustry, integrity  and  perseverance  he  has 
accumulated  a  snug  fortune,  ami  to-day 
is  in  a  position  to  enjoy  the  rest  which  he 
has  so  well  earned.  He  has  lived  in  Mar- 
blehead for  sixty-three  years,  and  has  ap- 
plied himself  to  business  pursuits  unfalter- 
ingly, never  failing  to  discharge  his  pe- 
cuniary obligations,  and  his  business  rec- 
ord is  without  a  blemish.  Most  of  the 
pioneers  of  the  county  have  passed  to 
their  long  homes,  yet  they  were  men  of 
sterling  integrity  who  left  the  impress  of 
their  individuality  upon  the  community 
with  which  they  were  identified.  The 
log  cabins  of  the  early  ^  'ttlers,  in  which 
all  received  a  hearty  wccr«me,  have  dis- 
appeared, and  in  their  place  stand  hand- 
some and  imposing  res'  <ences.  Where 
once  there  was  not!  inp^j'ut  a  dense  forest 
there  are  now  wiH.  cultivated  farms  and 
fruit  orchards,  and  most  of  this  change 
has  taken  place  within  the  memory  of 
Mr.  Clemons.     The  good  old  pioneer  days 



have  passed,  but  he  well  remembers  the 
generosity  and  helpfulness  which  charac- 
terized the  early  settlers.  He  was  fav- 
ored with  but  few  advantages  in  his  youth, 
yet  he  made  the  most  of  his  opportuni- 
ties, and  is  known  as  a  straightforward 
business  man,  a  public-spirited  and  pro- 
gressive citizen,  an  affectionate  husband 
and  kind  father,  and  a  trusted  friend  and 
neighbor  whose  example  is  well  worthy  of 

ELIJAH  CULBERT,  who  has  been 
a  resident  of  Sandusky  township, 
Sandusky    county,    for    the  past 
several   years,  is   a  native  of    Ire- 
land, born  August  9,   1821,  in   the  city  of 
Belfast,  County  Antrim. 

William  Culbert,  grandfather  of  our 
subject,  was  born  in  County  Donegal, 
Ireland,  and  was  there  married  to  Sophia 
Greer,  of  the  same  nativity,  by  whom  he 
had  four  children,  as  follows:  David  (our 
subject's  father);  Sophia,  who  married 
Hugh  Patton,  and  died  in  Belfast;  Mary, 
who  married  William  Ross  (they  both  also 
passed  away  in  Belfast);  and  Andrew, 
who  was  drowned  about  the  year  1830  at 
Belfast.  The  parents  both  died  i.;  that 
city.  The  family  are  of  Scotch  descent, 
the  father  of  William  Culbert  having 
migrated  from  Scotland  to  the  North  of 

David  Culbert,  eldest  son  of  William 
and  Sophia  (Greer)  Culbert,  and  father  of 
Elijah,  was  born  in  County  Donegal,  Ire- 
land, removing  to  Belfast  with  his  father's 
family.  He  was  a  wholesale  and  retail 
merchant  in  glass,  oils  and  colors.  In  his 
native  land  he  married  Eleanor  Patton, 
who  was  born  in  Newtownards,  County 
Down,  Ireland,  and  a  record  of  the  chil- 
dren of  this  uni'^n  is  as  follows:  David, 
born  January,  t-^-\'J,  died  July,  1888,  at 
Southampton,  Cour/,-  .  of  Bruce,  Upper 
Canada  (now  Province  of  Ontario) ;  Will- 
iam, born  October  23,  1819,  died  in 
Toronto,  Canada,  July  16,   1893;   Elijah, 

who  is  the  subject  proper  of  this  sketch, 
comes  next;  Mary,  born  in  1823,  died  in 
Belfast,  Ireland,  in  1828;  Sophia,  born 
in  1825,  was  married  in  1857  to  John 
Moore,  and  died  in  Lindsay,  Canada,  in 
1877;  Thomas,  born  August  12,  1828, 
died  December  20,  1877,  at  Cape  Croker. 
County  of  Bruce,  Upper  Canada  (now 
Province  of  Ontario);  Isaac  Cookson, 
born  in  1830,  died  in  Lindsay,  Canada, 
November,  1856;  Mary  Amelia,  born 
January  19,  1834,  in  Lindsay,  Canada, 
died  September  12,  1855,  in  Toronto, 
Canada.  All  the  others  were  in  the  city 
of  Belfast,  Ireland,  and  on  April  26,  1833, 
the  family  set  sail  for  the  New  World, 
Little  York,  Upper  Canada  (now  the  city 
of  Toronto,  Ontario),  being  their  destina- 
tion. From  there,  after  a  brief  sojourn, 
they  moved  to  Lindsay,  County  of  'Vic- 
toria, where  the  mother  died  May  6, 
1853,  the  father  on  Good  Friday,  1856. 
He  was  a  man  of  mark  in  his  day,  and 
while  a  resident  of  Lindsay  held  four 
commissions  under  the  Canadian  govern- 
ment, to  wit:  commissioner  of  the  Court 
of  Queen's  Bench;  commissioner  of  the 
Court  of  Requests;  justice  of  the  peace 
(under  commission  from  the  Governor 
General  of  Canada);  and  postmaster  at 
Lindsay,  holding  all  the  offices  up  to  the 
time  of  his  death. 

Elijah  Culbert,  of  whom  this  memoir 
more  particularly  relates,  was  a  lad  of 
twelve  summers  when  he  accompanied 
the  rest  of  his  Hther's  family  across  the 
ocean.  On  A,  ril  30,  1846,  he  was  mar- 
ried at  Port  H  5e,  Canada,  to  Miss  Eliza 
Day,  Rev.  Joan  Genley  officiating;  in 
1848  he  moved  to  Lindsay,  where  he  re- 
sided nine  years,  and  then  left  Canada 
for  the  United  States,  making  his  first 
home  under  the  Stars  and  Stripes  at  East 
Hamburg,  Erie  Co. ,  N.  Y.  From  there 
he,  in  1859,  removed  to  Fremont,  San- 
dusky Co.,  Ohio,  where  he  engaged  in 
the  nursery  business  for  a  short  time,  or 
until  his  enlistment  in  the  Union  army 
during  the  Civil  war,  an  account  of  which 



will  presently  be  given.  Since  his  dis- 
charge from  the  army  in  June,  1865,  he 
has  been  enfjaf^ecl  more  or  less  in  af;ricul- 
tural  pursuits. 

To  Elijah  and  Eliza  (Day)  Culbert 
were  born  ten  children,  as  follows:  (i) 
Eleanor  Jane,  born  in  Toronto,  Canada, 
March  2.  1S47,  died  in  Lindsay,  Canada, 
September  2,  1848.  (2)  Sophia  Eliza- 
beth, born  in    Lindsay,    Canada,  January 

21,  1S49.  graduated  from  the  Fremont 
rOhio)  public  schools,  and  is  a  teacher  in 
the  Fremont  Grammar  Schools  of  twenty- 
five  years'  standing.  (3)  Thomas  Andrew, 
born  in  Lindsay,  Canada,  July  5,  1851, 
died  at  the  same  place,  March  7,  1853. 
(4)  Samuel  James,  born  in  Lindsay.  July 

22,  1853,  married  Margaret  Conly,  and 
has  three  children — Gracie.  Walter,  and 
one  whose  name  is  not  given  fhe  lives  in 
Michigan.  (5)  John  Patton,  also  born  in 
Lindsay.  Canada,  September  1,  1855, 
died  in  Ballville  township,  Sandusky  Co. , 
Ohio,  November  13,  1893;  he  married 
Lena  Cook,  and  has  six  children — Jessie, 
Eva,  George  \V.,  Wilbur.  Susan  and 
Lula.  (6)  Letitia  Emily,  born  in  Lind- 
say. Canada,  September  2,  1857,  was 
married,  in  1880,  to  John  Nickles,  by 
whom  she  had  the  following  children — 
Lottie,  Maud,  Lucy  E.,  Helen  S. ,  .Addie 
E..  Walter  W.,  and  Kuth.  the  last  named 
dying  Augiu^t  11.  1894.  (7)  Charles 
Henry,  born  in  Ballville  township,  San- 
dusky Co.,  Ohio,  December  24.  1859. 
and  died  unmarried.  December  10.  1889, 
in  Sandusky  township.  (8)  Albert  Ed- 
ward, born  in  Ballville-^township,  San- 
dusky Co. .  Ohio,  March  27,  rS62,  married 
Mary  Rose,  and  has  three  children — 
Chester,  Stella  and  Ralph  P.  (9)  Mary 
Eleanor,  born  in  Ballville  township.  San- 
dusky Co. ,  Ohio,  January  15.  1866,  and 
is  still  living  at  home,  single.  (lo^  Edgar 
Augustus,  born  in  Sandusky  township. 
Sandusky  Co..  Ohio.  June  25.  1868. 

War  record  of  Elijah  Culbert  is  as 
follows,  from  his  own  graphic  pen;  "On 
September    7.    1 863.  I    enli.sted    at    Fre- 

mont, Ohio,  in  Company  \,  Twelfth  O. 
V.  C.  for  three  years  or  during  the  war. 
My  regiment  belonged  to  the  Fourth  Cav- 
alry Brigade,  Twenty-third  Corps,  Army  of 
the  Cumberland.  I  participated  in  three 
battles,  the  first  being  at  Mt.  Sterling, 
Ky. .  when  we  encountered  Gen.  John 
Morgan, Gen.  Marmaduke  and  others.  The 
engagement  commenced  in  the  early  morn- 
ing of  Thursday,  June  9,  1864,  and  con- 
tinued until  9  A.  M. ;  at  10  A.  M.  Morgan 
was  reinforced  and  the  fight  was  renewed, 
lasting  till  3  I'.  M..  Morgan  being  defeated 
in  both  engagements,  and  terribly  used 
up.  On  the  Ticktown  pike  his  dead  lay 
like  ranks  of  cordwood,  presenting  a  hor- 
rible sight  such  as  I  wish  never  to  set  eyes 
on  again.  At  3:30  i-.  m.  the  Rebels  start- 
ed for  Lexington,  Ky.,  twenty-six  miles 
from  Mt.  Sterling,  and  there  plundered 
the  stores  and  banks,  besides  looting  the 
government  corrals  of  the  best  horses 
and  mules  they  could  lay  their  hands  on, 
destroying  the  remainder.  Our  divisiort 
lay  at  Mt.  Sterling  that  afternoon  and 
night,  on  the  following  morning  proceed- 
ing to  Lexington.  Morgan's  rear  guard 
leaving  that  city  just  as  our  advance 
guard  was  entering  it.  At  this  time  we 
wep.'  under  Gen.  Burbridge,  who  for  some 
re'-3on  halted  our  division  on  the  main 
street,  keeping  the  men  standing  at  their 
horses  heads  all  day.  At  night  we  pur- 
sued the  Rebels,  and  reached  Paris  about 
sunrise  Saturday  morning.  Jtme  11,  where 
we  remained  all  day;  the  following  night 
found  us  riding  to  Cynthiana,  overtaking 
Morgan  on  the  morning  of  June  12,  with 
whom  we  had  another  stubborn  tussel. 
again  defeating  him.  This  was  Morgan's 
last  fight,  for  we  slew  and  took  prisoners 
a  great  number  of  his  inen;  most  of  the 
remainder  sought  safety  in  the  mountains, 
while  Morgan  himself  and  his  generals 
fled  to  Tennessee,  where  he  was  after- 
ward betrayed  by  a  woman  and  killed. 

"My  third  and  last  engagement  oc- 
curred on  Sunday.  October  2.  1864.  at 
Sallville.   \'a..    when    we    foutrht    airaiust 



Gens.  Earl}',  Breckenridge,  Roberts, 
Jackson  and  others.  It  looked  as  if  the 
mountains  were  covered  with  the  Con- 
federate soldiers,  so  vast  was  their  num- 
ber, at  least  five  to  one  of  us.  We  ex- 
pected to  be  reinforced  by  Gen.  Gillam, 
but  his  corps  did  not  arrive  in  time; 
however,  we  kept  the  enemy  at  bay  all 
day,  and  at  night  our  division  retreated. 
Our  officers  detailed  men  to  light  fires  on 
the  mountains  and  the  Rebels  thought 
they  had  us  all  '  bagged, '  but  our  men 
got  safely  awa}'.  Tfie  Eleventh  Michi- 
gan Cavalry  was  rear  guard  at  first,  on 
this  retreat,  and  next  day  fought  like 
good  fellows,  but  were  unable  to  check 
the  enemy,  who  were  now  in  full  pursuit, 
and  Gen.  Gillam  then  ordered  the  Twelfth 
Ohio  Cavalry  to  act  as  rear  guard.  In 
this  engagement  I,  among  hundreds  of 
others,  was  taken  prisoner,  and  we  were 
at  first  confined  in  an  old  shed  at 
Fort  Breckenridge,  Saltville,  six  days, 
where  we  were  stripped  of  our  boots  and 
clothing,  and  fed  on  nothing  but  a  little 
flour  once  a  day.  On  the  night  of  Octo- 
ber 8.  a  bitterly  cold  night,  we  were 
hustled  off,  half-naked  as  we  were,  to 
Glade  Springs,  eight  miles  distant,  where 
we  changed  cars  for  Lynchburg,  but  had 
to  wait  several  hours  for  the  train,  dur-jig 
which  time  we  tramped  up  and  down  the 
station  platform  on  our  bare  feet,  al- 
though the  ice  and  snow  was  several 
inches  deep.  When  we  reached  Lynch- 
burg prison  we  were  driven,  like  so  many 
hogs,  into  the  yard  which  was  paved  with 
nigger-heads,  and  most  of  the  prisoners 
had  to  pass  the  night  there.  I  was  more 
fortunate,  being  permitted  to  sleep  with 
some  others  in  a  sort  of  boarded-up 
place  under  the  stairs,  but  were  nearly 
suffocated  to  death  when  the  doorway 
closed.  From  Lj'nchburg  we  were  con- 
veyed to  Libby,  arriving  there  October 
13,  where  our  first  day's  rations  consisted 
of  one  tub  of  '  Mississippi  pea  soup  '  to 
be  divided  among  1 50  famishing  men. 
Having   no  such    luxury    as    a  spoon  or 

ladle  we  were  content  to  dip  the  soup  up 
with  the  half  of  a  tin  tobacco  box,  and 
pass  it  round.  This,  however,  was  too 
slow  a  process  for  a  lot  of  starving  men, 
so  three  or  four  of  the  boys  grabbed  the 
tub,  and  turning  it  to  one  side,  as  many 
as  could  get  their  heads  into  it  at  a  time 
did  so;  then  they  had  to  be  choked  off 
to  allow  others  to  get  a  chance,  and  such 
pushing,  crawling  and  fighting  over  that 
tub  I  never  saw  equaled  except,  perhaps, 
by  a  lot  of  pigs  at  a  newly-filled  swill 

"I  was  confined  in  Libby  until  No- 
vembers, 1864,  and  was  removed  to  Pem- 
berton  prison,  at  which  time  the  cold  was 
intense.  There  were  300  men  on  each 
floor,  and  when  time  to  '  retire  '  at  night 
we  would  divide  into  three  squads  of  100 
e3ch;  one  squad  would  take  the  center  of 
the  floor,  the  other  two  being  stretched 
out  by  the  walls.  Before  lying  down  we 
would  take  a  sort  of  plebiscite  vote  as  to 
which  side  we  would  lie  on — '  right  or 
left ' — and  once  down  we  could  not  '  turn 
over '  until  another  vote  was  taken,  the  ma- 
jority always  carrying  the  day — or  rather 
'the  night.'  This  is  only  one  example 
of  the  many  methods  we  unfortunates 
used  to  adopt  in  order  to  keep  ourselves 
warm;  but  in  spite  of  all  our  precautions 
many  of  our  poor  boys  were  badly  frozen. 
Our  rations  generally  consisted  of  pieces 
of  corn  bread  (two  inches  square,  the 
flour  being  made  of  corn  and  cob  ground 
together)  every  twenty-four  hours,  and  if 
any  mules  got  ly  lied  in  battle,  and  any 
bones  were  left  after  the  Confederates 
had  picked  them  clean,  we  got  the  bones. 
I  have  even  seen  some  of  our  boys  hunt 
in  the  spittoons  for  any  stray  bones, 
which,  if  found,  they  would  take  to  a 
windlass  near  by,  crush  them  between  the 
cogs  and  then  swallow  the  fragments. 
But  I  will  refrain  from  dwelling  further  on 
such  disgusting  episodes,  true  though 
they  be,  those  I  have  here  related  being 
mild  in  comparison  to  many  I  could  record. 
In   December,    1864,    I  was   seized   with 



congestive  chills,  and  had  to  run  up  and 
down  the  prison  floor  for  three  consecu- 
tive days  and  nights,  or  die.  On  Christ- 
mas Day.  1S64.  I  was  carried  to  the  Con- 
federate Hospital  No.  21.  Carey  street, 
Richmond,  the  prison  doctor  who  sent 
me  there  affirming  that  I  could  not  live 
more  than  two  or  three  hours.  [Only  titc 
iiyini:;u\rc  scut  to  the  liospitixl !\  It  was 
found  I  had  pleuro-pneumonia,  and  I  live 
to  be  able  to  say  that  I  was  the  only  pneu- 
monia patient  in  my  ward  who  survived! 
"  On  the  5th  day  of  February,  1865,  I 
was  paroled,  and  same  day  left  Libby 
prison  for  home,  after  being  a  captive 
four  months  and  three  days.  On  Sun- 
day, February  5,  1865,  we  left  Rich- 
mond, Va.,  on  the  steamboat  "Cyrus  Al- 
lison '  which  conveyed  us  to  Aikens  Land- 
ing, on  the  James  river,  where  I  once 
more  beheld  'Old  Glory,'  at  the  sight  of 
which  tears  came  unbidden  to  my  eyes. 
Aikens  Landing,  some  nine  miles  from 
Richmond,  was  neutral  ground,  set  apart 
for  the  exchange  of  prisoners.  At  this 
time  one  thousand  and  twenty  of  us  were 
paroled  and  sent  north,  the  Northern 
steamer  '  City  of  New  York  '  taking  us 
down  the  river,  on  Sunday  afternoon,  as 
far  as  Bermuda  Hundred,  where  we  re- 
mained until  morning,  when  we  started 
for  Fortress  Monroe;  thence  crossed 
Chesapeake  Bay  to  Annapolis,  Md. , 
which  city  we  reached  on  Tuesday  morn- 
ing in  a  furious  snow-storm.  All  the 
clothing  I  had  on  was  a  ragged  pair  of 
pants,  an  old  unlined  blouse,  with  no 
shirt  under  it,  a  well-wr.rn  pair  of  shoes, 
four  sizes  too  large  for  my  weary  feet, 
most  of  which  apparel  had  been  stripped 
from  the  dead  bodj'  of  one  of  my  com- 
rades in  the  hospital — in  fact  the  dead 
had  to  be  stripped  in  order  to  provide 
covering  for  his  lii'ine^.  But  at  Annapolis 
'  Uncle  Sam  '  supplied  us  with  new  and 
comfortable  clothing.  After  remaining 
in  camp  there  si.Nteen  days,  we  were  sent 
to  Camp  Chase.  Columbus.  Ohio,  where, 
not  having  fully  recovered  my  health  and 

strength,  I  received  a  thirty-days'  fur- 
lough. On  this  I  went  home,  but  took  a 
relapse  and  became  very  ill,  so  much  so 
that  I  was  under  the  necessity  of  having 
my  furlough  twice  renewed  before  I  was 
able  to  return  to  parole  camp  at  Colum- 
bus. On  June  10,  1865,  I  received  my 
discharge  from  the  service  by  War  De- 
partment Order  No.  770.  Thus  ends  the 
record  of  my  army  service." 

In  May,  1886,  Mr.  Culbert  was  mus- 
tered into  Manville  Moore  Post  No.  525, 
G.  A.  R. ;  was  junior  vice-commander  in 
1890;  elected  senior  vice-commander  in 
1 89 1,  and  post  commander  in  1892.  On 
September  4,  1889,  he  commenced  re- 
cruiting for  S.  A.  J.  Snyder  command  of 
Union  \'eterans  Union,  an  organization 
composed  only  of  the  soldiers  who  were 
in  active  service  at  least  six  months,  a 
part  of  the  time  at  the  front  engaged  in 
actual  warfare.  On  Novembers,  1889, 
he  had  his  command  ready  for  muster-in, 
which  was  effected  by  Gen.  Loomis,  of 
Norwalk,  Ohio,  at  that  time  Department 
commander  in  the  State.  Mr.  Culbert 
was  elected  its  first  colonel;  for  two  years 
was  staff  officer  on  Gen.  Ellis'  staff;  in 
1893  was  elected  lieutenant-colonel,  and 
in  1894  was  appointed  colonel  by  Gen. 
W.  T.  Clark,  of  Cleveland,  Ohio,  which 
position  he  holds  at  the  present  time. 

retired    farmer,   Woodville,    San- 
dusky county,  was  born   in  Bava- 
ria,  Germany,  October  19.  1819, 
a  son  of  Nicholas  and  Eve  (Weaver)  Nuh- 
fer.  also  natives  of  Bavaria. 

They  came  to  America  and  first  set- 
tled in  Lancaster  county,  Penn.,  in  the 
fall  of  1S35.  where  for  two  years  they 
engaged  in  the  nursery  business.  In  1839 
the\'  removed  to  Maumee  City,  Ohio, 
remained  two  years,  and  then  located  in 
Woodville  township.  Sandusky  county, 
on  the  Western  Reserve  and  Maumee 
turnpike,  three  nules  east  of  Woodville. 



Here    Nicholas    Nuhfer  died,    two    years 
later,  at  the  age  of  sixty-eight  years,  and 
his  wife  at  the  same  age,  in  1854.    While 
in   Germany  they  were    members   of  the 
Roman   Catholic    Church,  but    soon  after 
coming   to    Ohio   they  joined    the   M.  E. 
Church.      Their  children,  all  born  in  Ger- 
many, were:    (i)  Frederick,  a  soldier  and 
sailor;     (2)     Margaret,    now    dead,    who 
married   William    Geyer,    of  Washington 
township;    (3)    Anthony,    a    baker,     now 
living  at  Maumee,  Ohio,  who,  at  the  time 
of    his    parents'    emigration,  was    in    the 
German    army,  as   body    guard    to    King 
Otto,  whom   he  accompanied   to    Athens, 
Greece,  and    to  other  parts  of  the  East, 
but,  wishing  to  accompany  his  parents  to 
the  New  World,  escaped  from  a  fort  by  a 
ruse,  made  his  way  to  France,' and  thence 
to  the   United   States;   (4)  Nicholas,  who 
died  in    Toledo,  Ohio,  in    1892.  was   for- 
merly a  well-known  minister  of  the  Ger- 
man   M.    E.    Church;   (5)    Maria,  wife  of 
William  Behrends,  now  living  in  Illinois; 
(6)  Andrew,  our  subject;   (7)    Catharine, 
wife   of  Rev.    E.    Riemenschneider,   who 
was  sent  as  a  missionary  to  Germany,  by 
the    M.    E.     Church,    where    she     died; 
(8)  Helen,  who   married  Jacob  Artz,  and 
now  lives  at   Lindsey,  Ohio. 

Our  subject  first  came  to  Woodville 
with  his  parents.  Later  he  spent  three 
seasons  as  fireman  and  assistant  en- 
gineer on  lake  steamers.  After  having 
learned  the  blacksmith  trade  in  Maumee 
City,  he  returned  to  Woodville  and  started 
a  blacksmith  shop,  buying  his  tools  in 
Buffalo,  and  the  first  hard  coal  ever 
burned  in  Woodville  township.  He  car- 
ried on  his  trade  at  this  place  with  good 
success  for  twenty  years,  until  the  fall  of 
1 86 1,  when,  under  a  commission  from 
Gov.  Tod,  as  second  lieutenant,  he  en- 
listed and  organized  Company  D,  Seven- 
ty-second Regiment,  O.  V.  I.  This  com- 
pany was  composed  largely  of  the  best 
young  men  of  Woodville  township,  and 
they  subsequently  chose  him  captain. 
At  the  head  of  this  company  he  followed 

the  various  fortunes  of  his  regiment,  par- 
ticipating in  all  its  campaigns  and  en- 
gagements, except  when  incapacitated  by 
wounds  or  confined  in  Rebel  prisons.  At 
the  battle  of  Shiloh  he  was  wounded, 
but  he  remained  with  his  company  until 
the  enemy  were  driven  from  the  field. 
For  his  bravery  and  soldierly  conduct  on 
this  occasion  he  received  special  mention 
in  the  report  of  Col.  R.  P.  Buckland 
who  commanded  the  brigade.  Owing  to 
the  serious  nature  of  his  wound  he  was 
sent  to  the  General  Hospital  at  Cin- 
cinnati, where  his  limb  barely  escaped 
amputation,  and  he  was  shortly  after 
ordered  home  to  recuperate.  As  soon 
as  he  was  able  to  walk  about  he  re- 
joined his  command  at  Monterey,  Miss., 
and  later  participated  in  Grant's  futile 
campaign  in  northern  Mississippi;  helped 
guard  our  line  of  communications  along 
the  Memphis  and  Charleston  railroad; 
took  a  part  in  the  campaign  which  re- 
sulted in  the  fall  of  Vicksburg;  was  in 
two  battles  at  Jackson,  Miss.,  in  the  latter 
of  which  he  commanded  the  skirmish 
line  which  drove  the  enemy  into  their 
breastworks  on  the  day  prior  to  their 
evacuation;  was  with  the  advance  on 
Brandon,  and  for  a  short  time  was  in 
command  of  the  regiment  at  Oak  Ridge, 
in  October,  1863. 

The  regiment  having  by  this  time  been 
much  reduced  in  numbers,  Capt.  Nuhfer 
was  sent  home  in  charge  of  a  recruiting 
party.  While  he  was  engaged  in  this 
duty,  the  regiment  veteranized,  and  he 
rejoined  it  after  its  veteran  furlough.  He 
was  with  it  at  Paducah  when  Gen.  Forrest 
made  his  attack,  and  when  Sturgis  made 
his  first  expedition  into  northeastern 
Mississippi.  On  the  second  and  ill-fated 
Guntown  expedition,  along  with  about  250 
other  officers  and  men  of  his  regiment,  he 
was  taken  prisoner  by  the  forces  under 
Gen.  Forrest  and  conve3-ed  to  Anderson- 
ville  prison.  Here  Capt.  Nuhfer,  as  the 
ranking  officer  of  the  regiment,  and  being 
able  to  speak  German,  was   requested  b}- 



his  comrades  to  interview  Capt.  Wirz.  in 
cominanil  o(  the  prison,  and  pet  hinj  to 
allow  all  the  officers  and  men  of  the 
Seventy-second  regiment  to  remain  to- 
gether. The  request  was  made,  but  W'irz 
refused  and  at  once  became  abusive.  He 
held  the  privates  at  Anderson vi lie.  but 
sent  the  officers  to  Macon,  Ga.  When 
the  latter  place  was  threatened  by  Union 
troops,  they  were  sent  to  Charleston,  S. 
C,  then  to  Columbus,  S.  C,  then  to 
Raleigh.  N.  C,  then  to  Goldsboro.  N.  C. 
and  thence  to  points  in  \'irginia  and  to 
Wilmington.  N.  C,  for  exchange,  after  a 
continenientof  nine  months.  At  Columbia, 
S.  C,  Capt.  Nuhfor  was  taken  down  with 
fever,  and  would  have  died  had  it  not 
been  for  his  iron  constitution  and  the  care 
he  received  from  a  brother  officer,  Lieut. - 
Col.  \'on  Helmrich,  formerly  an  officer  in 
the  Prussian  arm) ,  who  also  loaned  him 
a  sum  of  Confederate  money.  After  his 
exchange  he  was  furloughed  for  thirty 
days  to  recover  his  health,  and  meanwhile 
the  war  closed. 

Capt.  Nuhfer  married,  October  23, 
1843.  Miss  Elizabeth  Shuler.  of  Perrys- 
burg.  Wood  Co..  Ohio,  born  in  Witten- 
berg, Germany.  Their  children  were: 
(1)  John  George,  of  Fremont,  Ohio,  who 
married  Miss  Olivia  J.  Totten,  by  whom 
he  had  one  child,  George  Bartlett,  after 
which  she  died,  and  he  afterward  married 
Mrs.  Martha  G.  Hafiford;  (2)  Caroline, 
deceased  wife  of  Theobald  Schunck,  who 
had  five  children — George  D.,  Charles. 
Caroline.  William  and  .Albert;  (3)  Sophia, 
who  married  John  Otjen.  and  had  four 
childron^ — Caroline  E..  Nellie  O..  Kate 
and  William:  (4)  Daniel,  who  died  in  in- 
fancy; f5)  Catharine,  who  became  second 
wife  of  Theobald  Schunrk;  (6j  .\gnes 
Amelia,  dcrcased  wife  of  George  Hlake. 
who  had  one  child — Flossie;  (j)  Esther 
Elizalicth.  unmarried,  who  died  at  the 
age  of  twrnt) -seven;  fS)  Charles  A., 
fanner  of  Wondville  township,  who  mar- 
ried Caroline  Haker.  and  has  a  son — 
Elmer  L. :  (9;  Minnie,  wife  of  John  Blake. 

whose  daughter,  ^finnie  E..  died  shortly 
after  the  <leiith  of  her  mother,  who  was 
aged  twenty-one;  ( lOy  William,  a  clerk  in 
Toledo,  who  married  Miss  Sarah  Unger. 
who  has  a  son — Earl  A. 

Since  the  war  Capt.  Nuhfer  has  been 
engaged  in  mercantile  business,  the  sale 
of  hardware,  the  management  of  his  farm 
property,  fifty  acres  just  outside  of  the 
Woodville  village  limits,  and  in  the  over- 
sight of  his  real  estate  in  the  oil  region. 
For  fourteen  years  he  was  village  post- 
master, under  the  administration  of  Presi- 
dents Grant  and  Hayes.  He  has  twice  been 
nominated  for  county  treasurer  by  the 
Republicans,  and  in  each  election  polled 
more  than  his  party's  vote.  He  has  been 
township  trustee  six  years,  and  a  member 
of  both  township  and  village  school 
boards  for  some  twelve  years,  and  a  mem- 
ber of  the  city  council.  He  has  always 
tried  to  promote  the  interests  of  his  adopt- 
ed county  in  the  lines  of  education,  tem- 
perance and  religion.  For  the  last  thirty 
years  he  has  been  a  member  of  the  Evan- 
gelical Association.  During  his  residence 
of  fifty-five  years  in  Woodville,  he  has 
seen  it  grow  from  a  collection  of  half  a 
dozen  scattered  houses  to  hundreds  of 
handsome  homes  occupied  by  well-to-do 
and  happy  families.  Of  the  early  pio- 
neers of  the  place,  only  he  and  his  faith- 
ful wife  remain. 

editor  of  the  Fremont  Courier,  the 
German  organ  of  the  San<lusky 
county  Democracy,  was  born  in 
the  city  of  Mainz,  Germany.  June  19. 
i8;i.  .After  his  graduation  in  the  Prot- 
estant public  schi>(>ls  of  his  native  city  he 
studied  the  languages  and  prepared  him- 
self for  mercantile  pursuits,  under  private 
tutors.  In  1866  he  came  to  America, 
and.  afi  :i  years  of  newspaper  work 

in  Peiin  .ind  Ohio,  he  in  1S77  took 

editorial  charge  of  the  Fremont  Coiirii-r, 
to  succeed   Judgi-    I"     Wilmer.      In    f'*'^' 



he  was  elected  member  of  the  board  of 
education,  and  was  re-elected  in  i8S6  and 
1889,  serving  as  president  of  the  board 
six  j'ears  and  clerk  two  years.  While 
presiding  over  the  deliberations  of  the 
board  he  displayed  great  executive  ability, 
and  under  his  administration  three  fine 
new  school  buildings  were  erected  in 
Fremont,  while  all  his  dealings  with 
school  officials,  teachers  and  the  public, 
were  characterized  by  good  tact  and  judg- 
ment. He  is  a  stanch  friend  of  the  pub- 
lic-school system,  and  keeps  thoroughly 
informed  on  all  matters  pertaining  to  ed- 
ucational peogress. 

In  1885  Mr.  Zimmerniann  was  elected 
State  senator  of  the  Thirtieth  District  of 
Ohio,  consisting  of  the  counties  of  Erie, 
Huron,  Ottawa  and  Sandusky,  and  was 
re-elected  in  1887.  As  a  State  senator 
he  was  in  favor  of  every  measure  tending 
toward  educational  progress,  and  was  also 
one  of  the  most  active  promoters  of  the 
compulsory  education  law  now  on  the 
statutes  of  Ohio,  which  has  worked  so 
well  for  the  promotion  of  the  interests  of 
Ohio's  school  youth.  Though  a  Demo- 
crat in  a  legislative  body  which  was  two- 
thirds  Republican,  he  was  elected  chair- 
man of  the  committee  on  public  printing. 

On  October  6,  1S91,  he  was  ap- 
pointed, by  Gov.  Campbell,  probate  judge 
of  Sandusky  county  to  fill  the  vacancj' 
caused  by  the  death  of  Judge  E.  F.  Dick- 
inson, and  in  November  following  was 
elected  to  that  office  by  the  people,  by  a 
large  majority.  Since  that  time  he  has 
devoted  his  attention  to  professional 
duties  as  editor  of  the  Courier.  His  of- 
fice is  in  the  New  Opera  House,  corner 
of  Arch  and  State  streets,  and  is  well 
supplied  with  literary  helps,  a  well  se- 
lected library,  maps  and  pamphlets. 
Judge  Zimmerniann  is  the  author  of  the 
Criminal  History  of  Sandusky  County, 
published  by  Williams  Brothers  in  1882, 
giving  a  detailed  account  of  the  Sperry 
and  the  Thompson  murder  trials.  He 
also   wrote    the    first    Masonic   history  of 

Fremont.  Socially  he  is  a  member  of 
Fort  Stephenson  Lodge,  F.  &  A.  M.,  Mc- 
Pherson  Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F.,  the  Knights 
of  Honor,  B.  P.  Order  of  Elks,  and  other 
organizations.  Since  1877  Mr.  Zimmer- 
mann  has  been  local  representative  of  the 
Cunard,  the  Hamburg-American  and  the 
North  German  Lloyd  lines  of  ocean 

AB.  LEVISEE,  familiarly  known 
as  Judge  Levisee,  was  born  in 
Livingston  count}'.  State  of  New 
York,  March  18,  1821.  In  1832 
he  migrated,  with  his  mother,  an  older 
brother  and  a  sister,  to  Ohio,  and  settled 
in  Sandusky  county,  where  the  brother 
and  sister  still  live.  The  mother  died,  in 
July,  1845,  3-t  the  home  of  an  elder  daugh- 
ter in  Michigan. 

Sandusky  county  was  at  that  time  es- 
sentially a  wilderness,  interspersed  here 
and  there  with  hardy  pioneer  settlers — 
most  of  them  located  right  in  the  solid 
woods,  with  but  little  to  aid  them  save 
their  brave  hearts  and  strong  arms.  Here 
the  subject  of  this  sketch,  with  an  axe  or 
a  hoe  in  his  hands,  from  one  end  of  the 
year  to  the  other,  practically  "grew  up 
with  the  country."  The  only  educational 
facilities  he  enjoyed  in  his  youth  were 
those  afforded  by  the  primitive  log  school- 
houses,  with  such  teachers  as  the  time 
could  furnish.  It  was  in  these  circum- 
stances that  he  lived  and  grew  to  the 
years  of  early  manhood.  In  the  meantime 
he  had  become  inspired  with  a  purpose  to 
improve  his  education.  Under  the  impulse 
of  this  thought  he  labored  in  season  and 
out  of  season  to  accumulate  the  necessary 
means  wherewith  to  accomplish  this  great 
purpose.  At  length,  in  March,  1844, 
with  the  few  hundred  dollars  thus  gather- 
ed at  the  slow  rate  of  $10  to  $11  per 
month,  he  went  to  Ann  Arbor  and  became 
a  student  at  the  University  of  Michigan, 
where  he  pursued  the  regular  undergrad- 
uate course  until   November,   1847.      For 




want  of  means  to  continue  his  studies 
lonjier  at  the  University,  he  left  without 
a  degree  and  went  directlj'  to  Louisiana, 
where  he  taught  in  a  private  school  in 
Baton  Rouge  a  short  time,  and  then  went 
to  Alabama.  He  spent  about  two  years 
teaching  in  Selma  and  Montgomery,  and 
in  the  spring  of  1850  went  to  Talladega, 
and  there  established  an  independent 
private  school,  which  he  continued  to  con- 
duct some  three  years,  and  which  won  for 
him  a  wide  reputation  as  a  successful 
teacher.  One  of  his  students  entered  the 
Junior  Class  at  Princeton,  New  Jersey, 
while  one  entered  the  Junior  Class  of  the 
University  of  Alabama  at  Tuscaloosa,  and 
others  in  the  lower  classes.  The  board 
of  regents  of  the  last-named  school  recog- 
ni2ed  his  scholarship  and  efficiency  as  a 
teacher  by  conferring  on  him  the  honorary 
degree  of  A.  M. 

During  the  years  1853  and  1854  our 
subject  attended  law  lectures  in  New 
York;  then  returned  to  Alabama  and  was 
tendered  the  presidency  of  the  teaching 
faculty  of  the  Female  Collegiate  Institute 
at  Talladega,  which  he  accepted  tempor- 
arily to  accommodate  the  board.  At  the 
close  of  1854  he  resigned  the  same,  and 
went  to  Louisiana  to  enter  upon  the  prac- 
tice of  law,  and  located  at  Shreveport  in 
March.  1855.  where  he  continued  to 
practice  until  1877,  including  nearly  five 
years,  during  which  he  occupied  the  bench 
as  judge  of  his  district.  The  Judge's 
thorough  education,  previous  mental  train- 
ing and  studious  habits,  brought  him 
rapidly  forward  in  his  new  profession  in 
which  he  achieved  a  high  degree  of  finan- 
cial success,  and  an  enviable  reputation 
as  a  jurist  and  attorney.  In  1875  76  he 
held  the  position  of  commissioner  of 
United  States  Circuit  Court. 

In  politics  Judge  Levisee  was  a  fol- 
lower of  Clay  and  Webster  while  they 
lived.  He  was  a  Republican  and  Anti- 
Secessionist  in  i860,  and  took  a  decided 
staml  against  the  secession  movement. 
He  remained  in  Louisiana  during  the  en- 

tire war;  was  nominally  in  the  Confeder- 
ate service  from  July,  1863,  to  the  close, 
as  an  attache  of  the  Inspector  General's 
department,  with  the  rank  of  first  lieuten- 
ant. He  was  never  assigned  to  any  com- 
mand. In  April,  1868,  he  was  elected 
judge  of  his  Judicial  District,  and  was  re- 
elected in  the  general  election  of  1873  by 
at  least  1,500  majority  and  was  "counted 
out."  By  that  time  the  survivors  of  the 
lost  cause  had  partially  recovered  from 
the  fright  incident  to  their  defeat.  The 
returned  brigadiers  and  their  subordinates, 
together  with  the  small  politicians,  were 
reorganizing  the  Rebellion  under  the 
auspices  of  the  White  League.  It  was 
the  same  old  fight  under  changed  circum- 
stances and  a  new  name.  The  White 
League  was  the  paramount  authority  in 
the  State  at  that  time,  and,  of  course, 
dominated  all  elections  and  dictated  the 
results.  In  1874  Judge  Levisee  was  elect- 
ed a  member  of  the  State  Legislature, 
and  was  "counted  out;  "  but  under  the 
Wheeler  Compromise  the  leaders  of  the 
White  League  were  themselves  compelled 
to  admit  that  he  was  elected  and  he  held 
his  seat.  In  the  National  campaign  of 
1876  he  was  a  candidate  for  Presidential 
elector  for  the  Fourth  Congressional  Dis- 
trict of  Louisiana,  comprising  an  area  of 
not  less  than  ten  thousand  square  miles. 
He  made  at  his  own  indiviilual  expense  a 
thorough  canvass  of  the  entire  District, 
which  was  the  first  time  that  it  had  been 
undertaken  by  any  Republican.  He  went 
up  and  down  throughout  the  District, 
rallied  the  negroes  in  great  mass  meet- 
ings, told  them  their  rights,  and  encour- 
aged and  emboldene<l  them  to  assert  their 
rights  in  a  proper  and  legal  way  by  regis- 
tering and  voting.  The  result  was  a 
larger  majority  in  that  District  than  the 
entire  Republican  majority  in  the  State. 
But  he  was  "counted  out"  again;  and 
this  time  it  required  the  National  Elec- 
toral Commission  to  settle  the  matter.  At 
length,  disgusted  and  weary  of  the  insane 
strife  that  had  raged  about  him  so  long. 



he  determined  that  the  opportunities  of 
life  were  too  valuable  to  be  further  thrown 
away  in  such  bootless  contest,  and  at  the 
cost  of  professional  prestige  and  wealth 
honorably  earned  by  useful  service,  he 
abandoned  the  home  of  his  adoption  to 
find  again  a  place  where  he  could  live  a 
free  life  and  enjoy  the  equal  privileges  of 
a  citizen. 

For  three  years  from  July,  1878,  he 
held  the  position  of  a  Government  Agent 
in  the  Internal  Revenue  Service,  at  the 
close  of  which  period  he  resigned  that 
position,  and  in  1881  located,  with  his  son, 
in  North  Dakota.  In  addition  to  his 
other  professional  labors  in  Dakota,  Judge 
Levisee  rendered  a  highly  appreciated 
service  to  the  bar  of  that  then  Territory 
by  the  preparation  and  publication  of  an 
annotated  edition  of  the  Dakota  Codes, 
which  was  approved  and  adopted  by  the 
Legislature  and  the  profession,  and  is  still 
in  general  use. 

After  e.xperiencing  the  vicissitudes  of 
frontier  life  for  twelve  years  in  North 
Dakota,  the  Judge  began  to  feel  that  it 
was  time  to  retire  from  active  pursuits, 
and  to  prepare  for  the  end.  He  returned 
to  his  old  home — the  home  of  his  child- 
hood and  youth.  Here  in  the  beautiful 
village  of  Clyde,  Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio, 
he  has  built  for  himself  a  sumptuous  place 
of  abode.  Here,  in  elegant  retirement, 
amid  his  books  and  maps,  he  spends  the 
evening  of  his  long  and  useful  life,  sur- 
rounded by  all  that  can  make  old  age 
agreeable,  blessed  with  excellent  health 
and  cheered  by  thfe  merited  friendship  and 
esteem  of  all  who  know  him. 

RW.  SANDWISCH,  ex-sheriff  of 
Sandusky  county,  was  born  in 
Woodville  township,  that  county, 
July  20,  1846,  a  son  of  Hermon 
and  Catharine  (Mergel)  Sandwisch.  The 
father  was  born  in  Hanover,  Germany, 
in  181 1,  and  died  at  Woodville  in  1854, 
of  Asiatic  cholera.      He  had  come  to  this 

country  a  young  man,  married  in  this 
country  and  worked  at  the  blacksmith 
trade.  The  mother  was  born  in  Hanover, 
Germany,  in  18 10,  came  to  this  country, 
and  is  still  living  as  one  of  the  pioneers 
of  Woodville.  Their  children  were: 
Mary  Jane,  wife  of  Jacob  Bishoff;  Louisa, 
wife  of  Benedict  Emch;  R.  W.,  our  sub- 
ject; J.  G.,  in  Bowling  Green,  Ohio;  and 
Emeline,  who  married  C.  G.  Bradt,  a 
contractor,  living  at  Atlanta,  Georgia. 

Our  subject  grew  to  manhood  in  Wood- 
ville township,  on  a  farm,  learned  the 
blacksmith  trade  in  early  life  at  Wood- 
ville, and  later  worked  two  years  at  the 
same  in  Toledo,  Ohio.  In  the  fall  of 
1868  he  opened  a  blacksmith  shop  in 
W^oodville,  which  he  operated  himself  for 
eighteen  consecutive  years,  making  twen- 
ty-two years  of  work  at  his  trade.  For 
several  years  past  he  has  been  promi- 
nently identified  with  politics  in  Wood- 
ville township  as  an  ardent  Democrat. 
He  was  first  elected  supervisor  of  roads, 
and  afterward  justice  of  the  peace  for 
three  terms.  He  became  the  regular 
nominee  of  the  Democratic  party  for 
sheriff,  and  was  elected  to  that  position 
in  1885,  taking  charge  of  the  office  in 
January,  1886.  In  1887  he  was  re-elect- 
ed, serving  a  second  term.  After  leaving 
the  sheriff's  office  he  engaged  in  selling 
farming  implements,  and  in  that  capac- 
ity traveled  extensivel}'  over  Sandusky 

Mr.  Sandwisch  was  married,  in  1868, 
to  Miss  Clarinda  Swartzman,  who  was 
born  in  Woodville  township,  January  11, 
1849,  a  daughter  of  Isaac  Swartzman,  a 
native  of  Pennsylvania,  and  an  early 
pioneer  of  Woodville  township.  They 
have  children  as  follows:  Albert  H., 
born  May  30,  1869,  who  was  his  father's 
deputy  when  he  held  the  office  of  sheriff, 
and  is  engaged  with  him  in  business  at 
the  present  time.  Catherine  Lovisa,  born 
September  20,  1871,  living  at  home;  and 
Adolph  Franklin,  born  January  18,  1877. 
Mr.     Sandwisch     is     a    member    of    the 



I.  O.  O.  F..  MclMiersoii  Lodge.  No.  637. 
Fremont,  and  has  tilled  all  the  chairs  in 
the  subordinate  loilfje.  having  been  a  mem- 
ber since  1S70.  He  is  also  a  member  of 
Fort  Stephenson  Masonic  Lodge.  Fre- 
mont, and   has   taken    the    third    degree. 

C.\PTAIN  B.  S.  OTTEN.  In 
scanning  the  pages  of  this  volume 
one  will  tyid  the  history  of  many 
men  who  nave  made  a  success  of 
life  in  various  lines  of  terrene  occupations; 
but  the  subject  of  this  sketch  is  a  man 
who  has  been  highly  successful  not  only 
on  land,  but  also  on  the  sea. 

Many  a  time  has  Capt.  Otten  stood  on 
the  deck  of  his  vessel  in  the  night  time 
and  ga^ed  at  the  great  clock  whose  face  is 
the  blue  heavens,  the  markings  on  which 
are  the  glittering  stars,  and  whose  hand 
is  the  silver  moon.  With  his  sextant  he 
has  measured  the  moons  distance  from 
some  prominent  star,  thus  determining 
the  variation  of  his  chronometer.  Then 
on  a  beautiful  morning  we  again  see  him, 
measuring  the  altitude  of  the  sun,  by 
which  means  he  determined  the  latitude 
and  longitude  of  his  vessel,  thus  enabling 
him  to  guide  her  safely  into  port. 

Capt.  B.  S.  Otten,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  now  one  of  the  most  prominent 
merchants  of  Woodville,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, was  born  in  Hanover,  Germany,  Jan- 
uary 26,  1835.  son  of  Herman  and  Anna 
(Juils)  Otten,  both  of  whom  dieil  in  their 
native  country,  the  former  at  the  age  of 
eighty-tivc  years,  and  the  latter  at  the  end 
of  her  three-score  years  and  ten.  To 
them  were  born  six  children,  as  follows: 
Margaret  and  Etta,  who  now  live  in 
Germany;  Marie,  who  came  to  America, 
and  settled  in  Woodville;  Herman,  a 
commission  merchant  in  Germany;  B.  S. ; 
and  Gerhard,  who  lives  in  Pember\ille, 

Our  subject  attended  the  public 
schools  of  his  native  place  until  about 
si.\teen  years  of  age,  when  he  went  to  sea 

on  the  Atlantic  as  mast-boy,  in  which 
capacity  he  served  si.v  years.  He  then 
returned  to  Ciermany  and  took  a  full 
course  in  navigation  at  one  of  the  leading 
schools  of  that  country,  graduating  there- 
from in  1859,  after  which  he  resumed 
sailing,  putting  into  practical  use  the 
studies  of  his  college  course.  Mr.  Otten 
now  entered  marine  life  as  mate,  in  which 
position  he  served  for  two  years,  when  he 
was  given  a  ship  and  made  captain  there- 
t  of,  serving  ably  in  this  capacity  for  thir- 
teen years.  Be  it  said  to  his  credit  as  a 
j  sea  captain  that  while  he  encountered 
severe  storms,  he  never,  in  the  entire 
I  time  he  had  charge  of  a  boat,  lost  a  man 
I  by  accident.  His  first  wife.  Betty  Bring- 
i  man,  who  accompanied  him  many  a  time 
on  long  journeys  on  the  sea.  was  born  in 
1850.  and  they  were  married  in  1S72. 
To  their  union  came  one  child.  Otto  I)., 
born  July  19,  1874,  in  Baltimore,  Md., 
who  never  saw  his  mother,  as  she  died 
the  ne.xt  day  after  his  birth.  She  was 
the  daughter  of  John  and  Rebecca  (Bring- 
manj  Bringman.  the  former  of  whom  was 
a  sea  captain  for  many  years,  and  now 
resides  in  Wood  county,  Ohio;  his  wife 
died  some  time  ago.  In  January,  1876, 
Capt.  Otten  marrieii  Miss  Matilda  Bring- 
man (a  cousin  of  his  former  wife),  who  is 
a  daughter  of  Borchard  and  Marguerite 
Bringman.  Borchard  Bringman  was  also 
a  sea  captain,  and  was  drowned  in  the 
Atlantic  while  on  a  voyage;  the  mother 
still  lives  in  Germany.  To  them  were 
born  five  children,  of  whom  Mrs.  Otten 
is  the  second:  her  brother  Gustav  was 
:  washed  overboard  in  a  high  sea  and  buried 
I  in  a  watery  grave,  as  was  also  her  brother 
Borchard.  The  grandfathers  on  both 
sides  were  sea  captains. 

On  leaving  the  sea,  Capt.  Otten  was 
for  two  years  engaged  .is  ship  chandler 
in  Baltimore,  Md. .  after  which,  in  1876, 
he  sold  out,  anil  came  to  Woodville,  San- 
dusky Co.,  Ohio,  where  two  years  later 
he  embarked  in  the  general  mercantile 
business,    which   he   ha-;   ••>••■•  -^incc  sue- 



cessfully  conducted.  Mrs.  Otten  is  a 
thorough  business  lady,  and  is  well  ac- 
quainted with  their  extensive  mercantile 
business,  being  often  found  assisting  in 
the  different  lines  of  their  enterprise.  To 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Otten  have  been  born  six 
children,  three  of  whom  are  living,  name- 
ly: Anna,  who  is  now  in  the  store;  Etta, 
who  is  devoting  her  time  to  study  in  the 
public  schools  of  Woodville;  and  Olga. 
The  family  is  one  of  the  most  prominent 
in  Woodville,  in  both  a  business  and 
social  way.  Capt.  and  Mrs.  Otten  are 
highly  esteemed  by  all  who  know  them, 
while  their  beautiful  brick  residence  on 
Main  street  is  a  standing  witness  to  their 
admiration  of  a  modern  home. 

editor  of  the  Fremont  Journal,  and 
one  of  Fremont's  most  respected  citi- 
zens, is  of  Puritan  parentage  on  both 
sides  of  his  family.  Of  his  ancestors  to 
the  seventh  generation,  Ralph  Keeler 
came  from  England  in  1639,  settling  at 
Hartford,  Conn.,  and  Matthew  Marvin 
preceded  him  in  1635.  His  grandfathers, 
Luke  Keeler  and  Isaac  Marvin,  emigrated 
with  their  families  to  Ohio  in  wagons 
from  Norwalk,  Conn.,  in  181 7,  coming 
by  way  of  Pittsburg  and  making  the  trip 
in  six  weeks.  Two  of  their  children,  Eri 
Keeler  and  Sally  Marvin,  both  born  in 
Connecticut  in  the  last  year  of  the  pre- 
ceding centur}',  were  married  in  July, 
1 821;  and  Isaac  Marvin  Keeler  was  born 
in  Sharon  township,  Richland  Co.,  Ohio, 
September  8,  1823.  Five  years  later  the 
father,  Eri  Keeler,  and  the  grandfather, 
Luke  Keeler,  were  among  the  incorpora- 
tors of  the  town  of  Norwalk,  Ohio,  named 
after  their  old  home,  Norwalk,  Conn. 
Eri  Keeler  died  April  11,  1894,  lacking 
but  a  few  days  of  being  ninety-five  years 
of  age. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  lived  at 
Norwalk  until  1840,  when  he  came  to 
Lower  Sandusky  (now  Fremont),  and  en- 

tered the  office  of  the  Lower  Sandusky 
J r/iio- as  Sin  apprentice.  Between  1843 
and  1849,  Mr.  Keeler  was  temporarily 
in  Milan,  Norwalk,  Sharon  and  New  York, 
and  in  1850  was  commissioned  postmaster 
at  Fremont,  serving  in  that  capacity  two 
years.  In  1854  he  purchased  the  Fre- 
mont Journal,  the  predecessor  of  which 
was  established  in  July,  1829,  which  he 
edited  and  published  until  1865,  during 
all  the  bitter  years  of  the  Civil  war,  sell- 
ing the  office  at  last  on  account  of  poor 
health,  and  going  into  the  insurance  and 
i  real-estate  business.  In  December,  1877, 
he  repurchased  the  Journal,  and  in  asso- 
ciation with  his  son,  S.  P.  Keeler,  con- 
tinues to  edit  the  paper. 

Mr.  Keeler  was  married  June  23,  1847, 
to  Anna  F.  Hulburd,  of  Lower  Sandusky, 
who  died  October  26,  1850,  leaving  one 
child.  On  May  12,  1857,  he  married 
Janette  Elliot,  daughter  of  Judge  Samuel 
and  Linda  (Hayes)  Elliot,  of  Brattleboro, 
Vt.,  by  whom  he  has  two  children — one 
son  and  one  daughter.  In  the  more  than 
fifty  3'ears  of  his  residence  in  Fremont 
Mr.  Keeler  has  not  only  watched  its  de- 
velopment from  a  rough  frontier  hamlet 
into  a  beautiful  and  thriving  city,  but  he 
has  been  prominently  instrumental  in  that 
development;  and  while  his  voice  and 
pen  have  ever  been  on  the  side  of  muni- 
cipal progress  they  have  never  swerved  in 
time-serving  expediency  from  what  was 
pure  and  just  and  of  good  report. 

BYRON  A.  FOUCHE,  attorney  at 
law,  Fremont,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born  in  Wayne  county,  Ohio, 
September  8,  1858,  a  son  of 
Josiah  and  Susannah  (Stutzman)  Fouche. 
The  father  of  our  subject  was  born  in 
Somerset  count}-,  Penn.,  in  1830,  where 
he  grew  to  manhood,  and  whence  he 
came  at  the  age  of  twenty-three  to 
Wayne  county,  Ohio,  where  he  still  re- 
sides. He  was  a  school  teacher  by  pro- 
fession,    and     followed    his    vocation    in 



Wayne,  Holmes  and  Tuscarawas  coun- 
ties for  many  years.  He  finally  settled 
on  a  farm  where  he  is  now  passing  his 
declining  years. 

Our  subject's  mother  was  born  in 
Wayne  county.  Ohio,  in  1833,  and  here 
she  grew  to  womanhood  and  became  the 
wife  of  Josiah  Fouche.  Nine  children — 
two  sons  and  seven  daughters — were  the 
fruits  of  their  marriage.  Our  subject's 
paternal  grandfather  was  born  in  1793, 
either  in  France  or  in  Somerset  county, 
Penn.  He  emigrated  thence  to  Holmes 
county.  Ohio,  where  he  died  in  1873. 
His  father  (subject's  great-grandfather) 
was  a  native  of  France,  enlisted  under 
Lafayette,  came  to  America,  and  assisted 
the  Colonies  in  the  Revolutionary  war. 

Byron  A.  Fouche  attended  the  com- 
mon schools  in  his  native  place,  and  then 
the  University  of  Wooster,  at  Wooster, 
Ohio,  from  which  he  graduated  in  the 
class  of  1883.  He  worked  his  own  way 
through  college  by  teaching  school.  He 
studied  law  in  the  office  of  the  famous 
criminal  lawyer  and  advocate,  John  Mc- 
Sweeny,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in 
1886  He  located  in  Fremont.  Ohio,  in 
1888.  He  is  at  present  Deputy  State 
Su|>ervisor  of  Elections  for  Sandusky 
county.  In  politics  he  is  a  Republican. 
On  December  31,  1887,  he  married  Miss 
Jane  Parmeter.  at  Caanan,  Wayne  coun- 
ty, Ohio 

tors of  the  Daily  and  Weekly 
A'tTi'j-,  Fremont,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, are  sons  of  James  and  Mary 
(Haywood)  Wrigley.  James  Wrigleywas 
born  in  eastern  Pennsylvania,  September 
25.  1821,  and  died  December  16,  1878. 
His  wife  was  born  in  Lancashire,  England, 
in  18^4,  and  came  when  a  child  with  her 
parents  to  .\mcrica.  She  resided  at  Dcni- 
son.  Iowa,  where  she  died  July  15,  1895. 
To  them  were  bom  ten  children,  of  whom 
seven  are  hving:   Alfred  C,  December  19, 

1849:  Mark  H.,  July  12,  1853;  James 
B..  February  21.  1859;  Alice  J.;  Ger- 
trude \'. ;  Anna  A. ,  wife  of  Philip  A. 
Schlumberger:  and  Mary  H.  All  of  the 
daughtersreside  at  Fremont.  Ohio,  except- 
ing Mrs.  Schlumberger. 

The  Wrigley  Brothers  are  natives  of 
the  town  of  Conshohockcn,  Penn.,  where 
they  grew  up,  attended  the  public  schools 
and  learned  the  printer's  trade.  They 
were  proprietors  of  the  Conshohockcn 
Reeonler,  a  weekly  paper,  from  1877  un- 
til i88t.  when  they  sold  it  and  removed 
to  Denison,  Iowa,  where  they  bought  the 
Denison  Review,  which  they  published  in 
English  and  German.  In  18S8  they  sold 
out,  and  next  published  the  Boone  Week- 
ly Repiibliean.  at  Boone.  Iowa,  about 
four  years.  In  June,  1892,  they  purchased 
the  Fremont  .Wrij,  the  only  daily  paper 
in  Fremont,  Ohio,  with  a  circulation  of 
1.250,  and  also  publish  a  weekly,  which 
has  a  circulation  of  3,200.  It  is  devoted 
to  the  business  interests  of  Fremont  and 
Sandusky  county,  furnishes  fresh  and  re- 
liable news  from  all  parts  of  the  world  in 
a  brief  and  attractive  form,  and  is  neutral 
in  politics.  The  proprietors  are  sparing 
no  pains  to  make  it  the  best  local  paper  in 
northern  Ohio. 

HG.  EDGERTON.  D.  D.  S.  The 
name  Edgerton  is  of  English 
origin,  but  representatives  of  that 
family  have  been  many  years  in 
the  United  States. 

Prominent  among  the  business  men 
and  manufacturers  of  Fremont.  Sandusky 
county,  for  nearly  half  a  century  has  been 
Chester  Edgerton.  who  was  born  in 
Pawlct.  \t.,  in  1819.  and  came  to  Ohio 
in  1844.  He  is  now  seventy-six  years 
old.  and  is  living  retired.  He  was  an  at- 
torney in  his  day.  and  a  very  successful 
collector.  He  was  also  for  a  number  of 
years  engaged  in  the  lumber  business,  as 
a  member  of  the  firm  of  Edgerton  Bros. ; 
by  fair  dealing  and  close  attention  to  busi- 



ness  he  accumulated  a  small  fortune,  and 
is  recognized  as  one  of  the  most  success- 
ful men  of  the  early  days  of  Fremont. 
He  is  a  Republican  in  politics,  and  in  the 
year  1847  was  elected  mayor  of  the  city. 
In  1845  he  married  Miss  Augusta  F. 
Fusselman,  who  was  born  in  1826,  and 
six  children  were  born  to  them:  Frank, 
now  living  in  Tennessee;  Hattie,  wife  of 
G.  Ivinney,  an  attorney  at  law,  of  Fre- 
mont; Fannie  A.,  who  died  in  1879; 
Maude,  wife  of  Lieut.  John  Garvin,  U.  S. 
N. ;  Chester,  living  in  Kansas  City,  Mo. ; 
and  H.  G. 

Dr.  H.  G.  Edgerton  was  born  in  Fre- 
mont, Ohio,  April  23,  1859,  and  was  edu- 
cated in  the  Fremont  public  schools  and 
at  Oberlin  College.  He  began  the  study 
of  dentistry  in  1875,  and  graduated  from 
the  Dental  Department  of  the  University 
of  Ann  Arbor  (Mich.)  in  1881,  with  the 
degree  of  D.  D.  S.  He  practiced  his  pro- 
fession at  Toledo,  Ohio,  one  year,  and 
then  came  to  Fremont,  where  he  has  had 
a  leading  practice  for  several  years  in  his 
pleasant  rooms  over  the  First  National 
Bank.  He  is  a  Republican,  a  member  of 
the  I\nights  of  Pythias  and  of  the  National 
Union,  and  is  connected  with  several 
social  clubs  of  the  city.  On  January  29, 
1884,  he  married  Miss  Clara  Meek, 
daughter  of  B.  Meek,  an  attorney  at  law, 
and  four  children  have  been  born  to  them: 
Mary  B.,  Rachel,  Dorothy  and  Henry 

JOSEPH  KINDLE,  attorney  at  law, 
Fremont,  Sandusky  county,  was 
born  at  Caroline,  near  Republic, 
Seneca  county,  Ohio,  December 
9,  1858,  a  son  of  Gottlieb  and  Mary 
Magdalena  (Michels)  Kindle. 

Our  subject's  father  was  born  in 
Triesen,  Principahty  of  Lichtenstein, 
Germany,  and  emigrated  to  America  in 
1852.  He  had  followed  the  trade  of 
blacksmith  in  the  Fatherland,  but  on 
settling  in   Seneca  county,    Ohio,  upon   a 

farm,  he  devoted  his  time  to  agricultural 
pursuits,  and  did  only  his  own  black- 
smithing.  Our  subject's  mother  was 
born  in  Baden,  Germany,  in  1837,  and 
came  with  her  father's  family  to  San- 
dusky county,  Ohio,  when  three  years 
old.  Here  she  grew  to  womanhood,  be- 
came the  wife  of  Gottlieb  Ivindle,  and 
died  March  i,  1866.  Their  children 
were:  Regina,  who  married  Frank  Bin- 
sack,  of  Fremont,  Ohio;  Rosa  Ann,  who 
died  at  the  age  of  eighteen;  Mary  Ann, 
who  is  unmarried;  and  Joseph,  our  sub- 

Joseph  Kindle  came  with  his  parents 
at  an  early  age  to  New  Riegel,  Ohio, 
where  he  attended  school  until  he  was 
fourteen  years  of  age,  also  a  parochial 
school,  in  which  he  was  at  the  head  of 
his  classes  at  the  age  of  eleven,  and  kept 
his  place  as  they  progressed  upward  for 
three  years.  In  August,  1871,  the 
family  removed  to  Green  Creek  township, 
Sandusky  county,  where  they  remained 
about  five  years.  In  March,  1876,  they 
moved  to  Sandusky  township,  near  Book- 
town,  at  the  mouth  of  Muskallonge 
creek,  upon  a  farm  where  the  parents 
lived  and  died.  After  settling  up  his 
father's  estate,  our  subject,  being  of  a 
literary  turn  of  mind,  sought  the  halls  of 
learning  to  qualify  himself  for  an  occupa- 
tion better  suited  to  his  tastes.  He  at- 
tended school  two  years  at  Notre  Dame 
University,  South  Bend,  Ind.,  devoting 
the  first  year  to  a  commercial  course, 
from  which  he  graduated,  and  received 
his  diploma,  and  the  second  year  he  took 
a  mixed  course,  scientific  and  literary,  in 
a  line  with  the  study  of  law.  On  his  re- 
turn from  school  he  followed  the  occu- 
pation of  bookkeeping  for  a  year,  and 
then  went  into  a  general  mercantile  busi- 
ness for  himself,  in  which  he  continued 
with  good  success  for  ten  years,  most  of 
the  time  at  Fremont,  Ohio.  He  then 
sold  out  and  resumed  the  study  of  law 
with  the  firm  of  Meek  &  Dudrow,  and, 
was  admitted  to  the  bar  on   December  8, 



1892.  He  now  has  an  office  on  Croghan 
street,  Fremont,  opposite  the  First 
National  Hank. 

Mr.  Kiiullc  is  a  man  of  large  stature, 
manly  form  and  commanding  presence. 
He  possesses  great  strength  and  power  of 
endurance,  physically  and  intellectually, 
which,  coupled  with  his  ability  to  use  the 
German  language  as  fluently  as  the 
English,  gives  him  a  vast  advantage  over 
the  ordinary  man.  He  is  a  Democrat  in 
politics,  and,  as  were  his  parents  before 
him,  he  is  an  ardent  Roman  Catholic. 
He  is  one  of  the  most  prominent  tnem- 
bers  of  Branch  No.  290,  Catholic  Knights 
of  America,  also  a  member  of  Branch  No. 
8,  Catholic  Knights  of  Ohio,  of  which 
Branch  he  is  the  present  president,  and  is 
a  member  of  St.  Josephs  Parish.  He 
has  been  an  officer  of  trust  in  these  so- 
cieties during  nearly  all  the  time  of  his 
membership  therein,  and  has  represented 
them  in  diftorent  state  councils. 

Mr.  Kindle  was  married  April  28, 
1884,  to  Miss  Mary  Drum,  daughter  of 
Jacob  and  Anna  (Durnwald)  Drum.  Her 
father  was  a  Union  soldier  in  the  late 
war,  and  is  now  a  member  of  Eugene 
Rawson  Post,  G.  A.  R.,  Fremont,  Ohio. 
The  children  of  Joseph  and  Mary  Kindle 
are:  Frank  J.,  Edward  A.,  Gertrude  M., 
and  Laura  Ann. 

FRANK  E.  SEAGER,  prosecuting 
atti>rney  for  Sandusky  county,  was 
born  in  Ballville  township,  San- 
dusky Co..  Ohio,  October  17. 
1861,  a  son  of  Charles  D.  and  Caroline 
(Hoover)  Seager,  natives  of  Sandusky 
county.  Charles  I).  Seager  was  an  only 
son  of  Charles  L.  Seager,  a  native  of  New 
York  State,  who  came  west  in  1835,  was 
one  of  the  early  pioneers  of  Sandusky 
county,  and  died  in  1843.  Our  subject's 
maternal  grandparents.  Lawrence  Hoover 
and  wife,  were  natives  of  Germany,  and 
also  came  at  an  early  day  to  Sandusky 
county;  they    are    both   now  dead.      Our 

subject's  parents    were    married    in  Ball- 
ville township,  Sandusky  county,  in  1858. 

Frank  E.  Seager  was  reared  in  the 
place  of  his  nativity,  attended  the  com- 
mon schools  and  the  Fremont  city 
schools,  later  the  Normal  University,  at 
Ada,  Ohio,  where  he  completed  the  clas- 
sical course  in  1886,  and  then  attended 
the  Northwestern  College,  at  Naperville, 
III.,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1887. 
He  then  began  studying  law,  alternating 
that  with  teaching  winter  schools.  He 
located  in  Fremont  in  1888.  and  entered 
the  law  office  of  Finefrock  iJv:  Brinkerhoff, 
for  the  purpose  of  continuing  his  law 
studies  and  engaging  in  the  insurance  and 
loan  business.  He  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  1893.  and  in  1S94  was  elected 
prosecuting  attorney,  which  office  he  still 

Socially,  our  subject  is  a  member  of 
Croghan  Lodge,  No.  77,  I.  O.  O.  F. . 
and  Fremont  Encampment.  No.  O4.  He 
is  also  a  member  of  the  Uniformed  Rank, 
Patriarchs  Militant,  and,  of  the  Masonic 
Fraternity,  a  Royal  Arch  Mason.  He  is  an 
active  member  of  the  Church  of  the  Evan- 
gelical .Association;  was  for  several  years 
its  efficient  Sunday-school  superintendent; 
he  also  superintends  a  Sunday-school  at 
Ballville  village.  In  politics  he  has  al- 
ways been  a  Republican,  and  takes  an 
interest  in  local  and  national  affairs.  On 
May  16,  1895.  Mr.  Seager  was  married, 
at  New  Carlisle,  Clark  Co.,  Ohio,  to  .Miss 
Marie  Gates. 

FRED  R.  FRONIZER,  attorney 
at  law.  Fremont,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, was  born  near  Buffalo,  N.  Y., 
in  1852,  son  of  Henry  and  Mary 
(Young)  Fronizer.  natives  of  Germany, 
who  emigrated  to  New  York,  where  they 
were  married.  In  1853  they  came  to 
Sandusky  county.  Ohio,  locating  in  Ball- 
ville township,  where  they  followed  farm- 
ing. The  mother  died  in  1885.  Their 
children    were:   Fred    R..     our    subject; 



John,  a  carpenter,  of  Fremont;  Simon,  a 
contractor  and  grocer;  Matilda,  who  died 
at  the  age  of  four;  Lana;  Susan;  Katty, 
and  Joseph. 

Our  subject  was  reared  to  farm  labor, 
and  attended  the  country  schools.  At 
the  age  of  eighteen  he  entered  upon  life 
for  himself,  attended  the  Fremont  city 
schools,  and  taught  country  schools  in 
the  winter  seasons  to  pay  his  way.  Later 
he  went  to  a  Normal  school  at  Fostoria, 
Ohio,  for  a  few  terms,  and  then  taught 
the  Woodville  High  School  two  years.  In 
the  spring  of  1874  he  commenced  the 
study  of  law  in  the  office  of  J.  T.  Garver, 
in  the  meantime  continuing  to  teach 
winter  schools,  and  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  April,  1877.  He  held  the  office  of 
justice  of  the  peace  in  Ballville  township 
six  years,  and  in  1887  was  elected  to  the 
office  of  prosecuting  attorney  for  San- 
dusky county,  which  he  held  six  years. 
He  was  county  school  examiner  from 
August,  1 88 1,  to  1887.  Mr.  Fronizer  is 
a  life-long  Democrat,  and  a  member  of 
the  M.  E.  Church  of  Fremont.  Socially, 
he  is  a  member  of  Croghan  Lodge,  No. 
"/"J,  I.  O.  O.  F.  He  was  married,  in 
Sandusky  county,  to  Miss  Isabella  Boyer, 
daughter  of  George  Boyer,  a  pioneer  of 
Washington  township,  that  county,  and 
two  children  have  blessed  their  union — 
Irvin  F.  and  Harry  L. 

DAVID  GORDON.  For  more  than 
half  a  century  the  name  of  Gor- 
don has  been  closely  identified 
with  the  growth  and  progress  of 
Ottawa  county,  and  more  particularly  with 
Salem  township.  The  family  is  of  Scotch 
ancestry  on  the  father's  side,  the  mother's 
people  being  Yankees. 

The  parents  and  grandparents  of  our 
subject  were  natives  of  Somerset  county, 
N.  J.,  and  the  first  members  of  the  fam- 
ily to  settle  in  Ohio  were  John  and  Rachel 
(Smith)  Gordon,  who  removed  from  Som- 
erset county,  N.  J.,  in  1831,  and  located 

in  Salem  township.  After  residing  here 
some  six  months  they  removed  to  Harris 
township,  where  they  remained  for  three 
years,  and  returning  then  to  Salem  town- 
ship made  it  their  place  of  abode  during 
the  remainder  of  their  lives.  They  were 
honored  and  respected  people,  and  had  a 
large  circle  of  warm  friends.  The  father 
passed  away  November  7,  1851,  the 
mother  on  March  3,   1842. 

It  will  thus  be  seen  that  the  famil}- 
has  been  identified  with  Ottawa  county 
since  pioneer  days,  and  David  Gordon  is 
now  the  oldest  living  resident  of  Salem 
township.  He  is  numbered  among  the 
prominent  and  progressive  farmers  and 
stock  raisers,  and  has  a  home  pleasantly 
situated  about  one  mile  and  a  half  from 
Oak  Harbor.  Born  in  Somerset  county, 
N.  J.,  March  19,  1827,  he  came  to  Salem 
township  with  his  parents  when  only  four 
years  old,  and  since  1831  has  been  a  con- 
tinuous resident  of  the  farm  he  now  owns. 
The  township  in  those  days  was  an  un- 
broken wilderness,  without  roads  and 
without  schoolhouses,  the  latter  being  at 
that  time  considered  a  needless  luxury.  In 
consequence  David  Gordon  received  very 
meager  privileges  for  obtaining  a  literary 
education.  From  early  life  he  was  ob- 
liged to  engage  in  the  arduous  duties  of 
developing  a  new  farm,  a  work  that  had 
to  be  accomplished  with  rude  machinery, 
for  the  wonderful  inventions  in  farm  im- 
plements were  then  a  thing  of  the  future. 
He  perseveringly  continued  his  labors, 
however,  and  is  still  engaged  in  farming, 
now  on  an  extensive  scale,  being  number- 
bered  among  the  most  prosperous  agricul- 
turists of  his  adopted  county. 

Mr.  Gordon  was  married,  December 
I,  1 85  I,  in  Erie  township,  Ottawa  county, 
to  Miss  Caroline  Redding,  who  was  born 
in  Warren  county,  N.  J.,  February  9, 
1827,  daughter  of  David  B.  and  Anna 
(Engler)  Redding,  natives  of  New  Jersey, 
who  located  in  Ottawa  county  in  1839. 
Ten  children  have  been  born  to  Mr.  and 
Mrs.    Gordon,   but  the  eldest  died  when 

-/^  L^T-'/y^ 

Cr'i  ^r'  ^S^-^-t 



only  a  (ew  hours  old.  The  others  are 
John,  who  was  born  September  lo,  1854, 
and  is  now  a  prominent  farmer  of  ICrio 
township;  Rachel  and  Cornelius  (twins), 
born  February  22,  1S57,  of  whom  Cor- 
nelius was  drowned  February  27,  1S59, 
and  Rachel  is  the  wife  of  \V.  A.  Kisenhour, 
who  was  clerk  of  Ottawa  county,  and  is 
now  a  farmer  of  Erie  township;  David  and 
George  (twins),  born  January  9,  1859, 
the  former  a  resident  of  Montana,  the  lat- 
ter a  prominent  farmer  of  Salem  town- 
ship, Ottawa  county;  Kvaline,  born  Feb- 
ruary 3,  i860,  deceased  in  infancy;  Cath- 
erine, born  July  26,  1862.  who  died  in  in- 
fancy; Marian,  born  September  i  5.  1864, 
who  also  died  in  infancy;  and  Helen,  born 
May  16,   1865. 

Mr.  Gordon  is  a  charter  member  of 
Oak  Harbor  Lodge  No.  495,  F.  &  A.  M.. 
and  belongs  to  Fremont  Chapter  No.  64, 
R.  A.  M.,  and  Fremont  Council  No.  61, 
K.  T.  He  and  his  family  attend  the 
Methodist  Episcopal  Church,  and  in  poli- 
tics he  is  a  stanch  supporter  of  the  Demo- 
cratic party.  He  is  numbered  among  the 
honored  pioneers  of  Ottawa  county,  who 
have  witnessed  its  growth  and  develop- 
ment from  the  days  of  its  infancy,  and  in 
the  work  of  progress  and  advancement  he 
has  ever  borne  his  part  as  a  faithful  citizen. 

DR.  FRANK  CREAGER,  the  well- 
known  dentist  of  Fremont,  San- 
dusky county,  was  born  July  25, 
1850,  in  York  township,  San- 
dusky Co..  Ohio,  on  the  farm  of  David 
Moore,  about  four  miles  southwest  of 
Bellevue,  Ohio,  son  of  Jacob  and  Mar- 
garet Ann  Creager.  The  parents,  who 
were  of  'German  descent,  came  from 
Hagerstown,  Maryland. 

In  early  life  our  subject  removed 
with  the  family  to  White  Pigeon,  Mich., 
and  thence  to  Elkhart  county,  Indiana, 
where  he  was  reared  on  a  farm,  and 
where  he  received  a  common-school  edu- 
cation. In  1865  he  commenced  the  studv  ! 

of  dentistry  with  Dr.  H.  H.  Boswell,  of 
Rochester,  N.  Y.,  and  in  1870  accepted 
a  situation  as  an  assistant  in  the  office  of 
Drs.  Cummins  and  Hawk,  of  Elkhart, 
Ind.,  remaining  with  them  three  years. 
To  these  gentlemen  he  is  indebted  for 
much  of  his  early  education  in  dentistry. 
In  1873  he  located  in  Fremont,  Ohio, 
for  the  practice  of  his  profession,  soon 
establishing  a  large  and  lucrative  busi- 
ness, and  gaining  the  national  reputation 
he  now  enjoys.  He  also  enjoys  the  d  s- 
tinction  of  having  spent  more  years  in 
active  practice  than  any  other  dental 
practitioner  in  the  history  of  Sandusky 
county.  It  is  needless,  however,  to  speak 
of  him  in  a  professional  light,  for  his 
skill  as  an  operator  and  his  mechanical 
abilities  are  extensively  known.  The 
prominent  positions  he  has  occupied  in 
the  various  dental  societies  of  the  country 
are  also  matters  of  history.  He  has  one 
of  the  finest  dental  offices  in  the  State, 
provided  with  all  the  modern  improve- 
ments and  appliances  known  to  the  pro- 
fession, many  of  which  are  of  his  own 

On  March  11,  1875,  Dr.  Frank 
Creager  was  married  to  Miss  Clara  L. 
Moore,  of  Hallville,  Ohio,  daughter  of 
John  and  Eli/a  Moore;  the  children  born 
to  them  were  Edna,  Volta,  Grace,  Bes- 
sie and  Frankie  Bon.  The  first  two  died 
of  diphtheria  in  the  latter  part  of  the 
winter  of  1880,  Edna  dying  February 
19,  and  Volta  on  the  29th  of  the  same 
month,  only  a  difference  of  ten  days 
in  the  time  of  their  deaths.  When 
twenty-one  years  of  age  Dr.  Creager 
joined  the  Masonic  Fraternity  at  Bris- 
tol, Ind.,  but  shortly  afterward  he 
took  a  dimit  and  united  with  Brain- 
ard  Lodge  No.  336,  F.  &  A.  M.. 
Fremont,  and  has  been  an  active  mem- 
ber ever  since.  He  is  now  the  master  of 
the  Lodge,  a  position  he  has  held  con- 
tinuously for  three  terms,  and  under  his 
guidanceship  it  has  ac<iuire<l  an  enviable 
reputation       In  fni  ii  i-;  conceded  to  be 



one  of  the  best  working  Lodges  in  the 
State.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Grand 
Council,  Royal  Arcanum;  but  the  efforts 
which  brought  him  most  prominently  be- 
fore the  people  were  in  the  interest  of 
the  National  Union  (a  similar  beneficial 
organization),  and  especially  the  local 
Council  which  was  named,  in  honor  of  his 
little  girl,  "Edna."  The  loss  of  this 
child,  their  first-born,  was  a  severe  blow 
to  the  parents,  and  the  honor  thus  be- 
stowed by  his  associates  in  naming  the 
Council  after  her  perhaps  made  the  Doctor 
take  more  than  the  usual  interest  in  its 
welfare.  Edna  Council  was  instituted 
December  3,  1883,  with  forty-nine 
charter  members,  and  Dr.  Creager  was 
chosen  its  first  president.  The  following 
January  he  was  re-elected,  and  the  of- 
ficers and  members  went  to  work  in  such 
an  earnest  manner  that  in  less  than  six 
months  the  roll  was  swelled  to  more  than 
a  hundred  members,  and  Dr.  Creager's 
nameappears  on  nearly  all  theapplications. 
At  a  meeting  of  the  Ohio  State  As- 
sembly, which  was  held  in  the  city  of 
Fremont  June  10,  1884,  he  was  chosen 
Senator  for  two  years,  being  one  of  the 
first  Senators  elected  by  the  Councils  to 
represent  the  Order  in  that  Supreme  body. 
The  Edna  Ritual  was  exemplified  by  the 
Council  to  the  members  of  the  Assembly 
during  their  stay  in  the  city,  and  although 
in  rather  a  crude  state,  it  was  well  re- 
ceived. At  the  session  of  the  Senate  in 
1884  Dr.  Creager  was  elected  speaker, 
and  also  a  member  of  the  Finance  Com- 
mittee. At  the  session  of  1885,  held  in 
the  city  of  Chicago,  he  was  elected  vice 
president,  and  was  also  retained  on  the 
Finance  Committee,  of  which  he  was  a 
valuable  member.  During  1885  he  was 
a  member  of  the  Committee  on  Laws. 
At  the  session  of  the  Senate  held  at  Mans- 
field in  1886,  he  was  chosen  president, 
and  on  his  return  home  was  met  at  the 
depot  by  the  council  in  a  body,  and  es- 
corted to  his  residence  on  Main  street, 
where  he  was  most  cordially  received  by 

his  neighbors  and  the  members  of  his 
Council.  The  following  year  he  was 
unanimously  re-elected  president  of  the 
Senate,  and  was  also  made  a  life  member 
of  that  Supreme  body — one  of  the  highest 
honors  within  its  gift.  In  1888  he  re- 
vised the  Ritual  originally  prepared  by 
him,  which  has  been  unanimously  en- 
dorsed by  every  Council  and  member  of 
the  Order. 

In  1 89 1,  during  the  session  of  the 
Senate  at  Milwaukee,  Wis.,  he  presented 
to  the  assembly  a  beautiful  and  impres- 
sive Burial  Service,  in  perfect  keeping 
with  the  tenets  of  the  Order,  which  has 
been  universally  admired.  His  last  and 
best  effort,  however,  in  ritualistic  work, 
was  the  Public  or  Private  Installation 
Ceremony  written  and  arranged  by  him 
in  1894.  It  is  a  scholarly  production, 
and  commends  itself  to  nearly  all  the  fra- 
ternal societies  of  the  country.  It  can 
truly  be  said  that  Dr.  Creager  has  tried  to 
serve  the  order  faithfully  and  well — 
"With  malice  toward  none,  with  charity 
for  all. "  Taking  the  office  at  a  time  when 
affairs  at  headquarters  were  not  in  the 
best  condition,  he  has  triumphantly  come 
through  it  all,  and  to-day  the  National 
Union  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  leading 
beneficial  societies. 

Dr.  Creager  is  a  pleasant  and  fluent 
speaker,  most  of  his  addresses  being  in 
connection  with  the  Grand  and  Supreme 
bodies  with  which  he  is  affiliated.  In 
1895  he  entered  actively  into  the  cam- 
paign which  terminated  in  the  nomina- 
tion of  Col.  Horace  S.  Buckland  as  a  can- 
didate for  common  pleas  judge,  announc- 
ing his  name  to  the  convention  in  an  elo- 
quent speech,  which  was  most  enthusias- 
tically received. 

JACOB    GABEL.      The    value    of    a 
biographical  work,  such   as  the  one 
in  which  these  sketches  are   found, 
is  readily  conceded  when  one  realizes 
how  fast  the  old  landmarks  are  disappear- 



ing  in  the  onward  march  of  time,  and  how 
few  are  left  of  that  generation  of  brave 
pioneers  under  whose  patient  strokes  the 
forests  gave  place  to  well-tilled  fielils  with 
their  wealth  of  golden  grain,  and  these, 
in  their  turn,  to  busy,  thriving  villages, 
which  anon  grew  into  cities,  the  smoke  of 
whose  countless  iniUistries  ascend  without 
ceasing,  and  the  names  of  whose  citizens, 
famous  in  statesmanship,  war  or  com- 
merce, have  become  known  throughout 
the  world. 

The  men  and  women  who  contributed, 
even  in  the  humblest  way,  to  the  planting 
and  growth  of  this  great  commonwealth, 
must  feel  a  laudable  pride,  when,  them- 
selves in  the  sere  and  yellow  leaf,  they 
can  look  back  on  lives  spent  in  honest 
industry  and  patient  toil,  and  see  the  re- 
sults in  the  happy  homes  and  wonderful 
progress  of  the  State,  which  has  been  the 
birthplace  of  so  many  great  men,  and 
which  holds  so  enviable  a  place  in  the 
Union.  Of  the  early  settlers  ot  this  State, 
as  well  as  others,  many  were  of  German 
birth,  and  to  no  class  of  people  is  the 
country  more  indebted  for  its  substantial 
properity.  Hardy,  industrious  and  frugal, 
they  were  well  adapted  to  confront  the 
obstacles  which  lay  in  the  path  of  the 
pioneer,  and  to  them  and  their  children 
are  due  the  thanks  of  those  now  enjoying 
the  benefits  of  their  labors. 

Jacob  Gabel,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  who  is  now  enjoying  at  his  pleas- 
ant home  in  Fremont,  Sandusky  county, 
the  rest  earned  by  a  long  life  of  activity, 
was  born  May  4.  1821.  in  Alsace.  Ger- 
many. His  parents.  Jacob  and  liarbara 
(Lebald)  Gabel.  who  were  natives  of  the 
same  place,  sailed  for  America  in  1829. 
when  their  little  lad  was  about  eight 
years  old.  Their  first  location  was  at 
Buffalo.  N.  Y.,  where  they  were  engaged 
in  farming  for  seven  years.  In  1836  they 
removed  to  Ohio,  and  settle<l  in  what  was 
known  as  the  Black  Swamp,  in  Jackson 
township,  four  miles  from  Fremont.  Their 
home  was  a  small  log  cabin,  in  the  midst 

of  a  dense  forest;  no  roads  through  the 
timber,  no  neighbors,  no  comforts  or  con- 
veniences of  any  kind,  and  mud,  mud 
everywhere.  Nothing  daunted,  their  busy 
hands  cleared  away  the  trees,  tille<l  the 
gnjund,  sowed  and  reaped  the  abundant 
harvests  and  reared  the  children  who 
came  to  cheer  their  loneliness.  On  this 
farm,  wrested  from  the  wilderness  by  in- 
cessant toil,  Jacob  Gabel,  Sr. ,  lived  his 
long  life,  dying  in  1S72,  at  the  advanced 
age  of  eighty-nine  years,  five  months  and 
some  days.  The  mother  passed  away  in 
1866,  at  the  ripe  age  of  eighty-two  years. 

To  this  worthy  couple  were  born  six 
children — three  sons  and  three  daughters 
— all  of  whom  lived  to  a  goodly  age: 
Joseph,  a  farmer  in  I^allville  township. 
Sandusky  county,  who  lived  to  be  eighty- 
two  years  old;  Michael,  who  followed 
farming  in  Jackson  township,  and  died 
when  si.\ty-two  years  old;  Jacob,  our  sub- 
ject; Catharine,  who  married  Louis 
Schutz,  and  resided  in  Ballville  township, 
where  she  died  at  the  age  of  si.xty;  Eliza- 
beth, who  married  George  Rimmelspach- 
er,  and  Magdalena.  wife  of  Adam  Bien- 

Jacob  Gabel.  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  grew  up  on  his  father's  farm,  and 
at  the  age  of  twenty-three  was  married  to 
Miss  Magdalena  Durr.  who  was  born 
January  20,  1826,  in  Wurtemburg,  Ger- 
many, and  came  to  this  country  when 
twelve  years  old.  making  her  home  in 
Ottawa  county.  Their  marriage  took  place 
in  I-'remont,  Nfay  12.  1845.  and  the 
young  couple  took  up  their  abode  with  the 
father  of  our  subject,  where  they  resided 
until  the  death  of  the  fornier.  A  large 
family,  eleven  children  in  all.  was  born 
to  this  estimable  couple,  and  on  February 
13.  1876.  the  beloved  wife  and  mother 
passed  away,  leaving  behind  her  a  most 
gracious  memory  of  a  loving  and  well- 
spent  life.  The  follcwing  brief  record  is 
given  of  the  children  of  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Gabel:  (1)  Catherine,  born  May  8,  1846, 
married    Joseph   Dolweck.    and    lives   in 



'Ottawa  county,  this  State;  she  is  the 
another  of  six  children — Clara  (who  mar- 
ried Fred  Bauer;  they  reside  in  Cleveland 
and  have  one  child,  Helen),  Lena,  Jacob, 
John,  Frank  and  Alpha.  (2)  Peter,  born 
October  25,  1847,  niarried  and  living  in 
Fremont,  has  seven  children — Rosa, 
Anna,  Katie,  Mamie,  Alois,  Herman  and 
Estella.  (3)  Caroline,  born  May  22, 
1850,  married  John  Busold,  and  lives  in 
Fremont;  they  have  had  four  children, 
of  whom  the  following  are  living:  Rosa, 
Frances  and  Lidwina.  (4)  Jacob,  born 
November  20,  1852,  is  married,  and  lives 
in  Jackson  township;  his  children  are 
seven  in  number:  Henry,  Ella,  Minnie, 
Edward,  Herman,  Max  and  Clara.  (5) 
Mary,  born  March  3,  1855,  married 
Joseph  L.  Fegelist,  lives  in  Bellevue,  and 
has  three  children — Ervin,  Leander,  and 
Oliver.  (6)  Charley,  born  April  21, 
1857,  lives  in  Jackson  township,  and  has 
had  four  children — Frances,  Lucy,  Leo, 
and  Hedwig  (deceased).  (7)  Frank,  born 
May  25,  1859,  lives  in  Fremont,  and  has 
four  children — Lidwina,  Alphonse,  Oscar 
and  Olive.  (8)  Louis,  born  May  28,  1 861, 
lives  in  Jackson  township,  and  has  four 
children — Ida,  Roman,  Cletus  and  Clem- 
ent, thelatter  two  being  twins.  (9)  John 
S.,  born  June  23,  1864,  lives  in  Jackson 
township,  and  has  three  children — Flo- 
rine,  Walter  and  Bernard.  (10)  Albert, 
born  September  29,  1866,  lives  in  Jack- 
son township,  and  has  one  child — Anna. 
(11)  William,  born  September  i,  1870,  was 
educated  in  the  Ohio  Normal  University, 
and  subsequently  clerked  in  the  drug 
store  of  Thomas  &  Grund,  in  Fremont, 
after  which  he  accepted  the  position 
which  he  now  holds,  that  of  bookkeeper 
in  the  First  National  Bank  of  Fremont. 
He  is  a  Democrat,  and  an  active  member 
of  the  Young  Men's  Sodality  of  St.  Jo- 
seph's Church. 

Jacob  Gabel,  the  father  of  this  inter- 
esting family,  has  for  fifty  years  been  a 
successful  farmer  in  Jackson  township, 
where  he   now   owns   some   600   acres  of 

land,  accumulated  by  industr}'  and  econ- 
omy. He  gives  the  credit  for  his  success 
to  his  noble  wife,  who,  he  thinks,  was  the 
best  woman  in  the  world.  After  her 
death  he  could  not  bear  the  loneliness  of 
country  life,  and  came  to  Fremont,  where 
he  resides  with  his  daughter  Caroline. 
Although  he  has  given  up  the  care  of  his 
farm  to  his  sons,  he  frequently  goes  out 
to  it  and  looks  after  his  interests  there. 
He  also  owns  a  grocery  store  in  Fremont, 
which  is  managed  by  one  of  his  sons. 
In  politics  Mr.  Gabel  is  a  Democrat,  and 
in  religion  a  devout  Catholic.  His  father 
was  one  of  the  founders  of  St.  Joseph's 
Church  in  Fremont.  The  last  years  of 
his  life  are  passing  peacefully  by  in  the 
society  of  his  numerous  children  and  grand- 
children, with  the  sustaining  thoughts  of 
a  life  well  spent,  and  the  hope  of  a  glori- 
ous immortality. 

CALEB  TAYLOR  (deceased)  was 
born  in  Mar3land,  October  20, 
1800.  His  parents  moved  to  Vir- 
ginia when  he  was  a  lad  of  seven 
years,  and  after  living  there  two  years 
located  in  Belmont  county,  Ohio,  where 
they  remained  until  1828,  in  that  year 
moving  to  Richland  county,  Ohio, 

In  the  spring  of  1822  Caleb  Taylor 
was  united  in  marriage,  in  Belmont  coun- 
ty, with  Sarah  Yost,  who  was  born  in 
that  county,  October  21,  1802.  Her 
parents  were  of  German  ancestry.  For 
nine  years,  or  until  1837,  Caleb  Taylor 
worked  at  his  trade  of  blacksmithing  and 
also  at  farming,  and  in  that  year  located 
in  Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  on  an  eighty- 
acre  tract  of  timberland,  the  greater  part 
of  which  he  had  cleared  by  the  time  of 
his  death.  He  passed  away  on  January 
12,  1 87 1,  at  the  age  of  seventy-one  j'ears. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Caleb  Taylor  had  eleven 
children,  as  follows:  John,  a  carpenter, 
who  married  Barbara  Shrively,  and  had 
six  children;  Elizabeth,  who  married  Eli 
Reeves,  a  retired  carpenter  of  Gibsonburg, 



Ohio;  Lydia,  who  livos  in  Oregon,  mar- 
ried to  Christian  Rhcinhart,  by  whom 
she  had  five  children;  Ben,  who  died  in 
1864  in  the  war  of  the  Rebellion;  Will- 
iam, who  died  at  the  age  of  seventeen; 
George,  who  died  in  Michigan  June  12, 
1893,  at  the  age  of  sixty  years;  J.  B.,  a 
resident  of  dibsonburg,  Sladison  town- 
ship, who  married  Cynthia  Campbell,  and 
has  had  two  children;  Enoch,  born  April 
I,  1837;  Hannah,  who  married  Eli  Khein- 
hart,  a  farmer  of  Indiana;  Mary  J.,  who 
married  James  Wells,  a  weaver,  and  lives 
in  Hradncr,  Wood  Co.,  Ohio;  and  Aaron, 
who  died  in  infancy.  Mrs.  Taylor  is  still 
living,  at  the  advanced  age  of  ninety- 
two,  having  her  home  with  her  daughter 
at  dibsonburg  part  of  the  time,  and  on 
the  old  homestead.  She  has  for  the 
greater  part  of  her  life  been  a  devout 
member  of  the  German  Baptist  Church. 

Enoch  Taylor,  a  son  of  Caleb  Taylor, 
always  lived  at  home,  excepting  the  time 
he  was  in  Steuben  county,  Ind.,  where  he 
bought  forty  acres  of  land  on  which  he 
lived  two  years.  On  December  i,  1864, 
he  was  united  in  marriage  with  Elizabeth 
Rheinhart,  who  was  born  June  4,  1844, 
and  they  have  had  five  children,  namely: 
Martha  A.,  who  died  young;  L.  C,  a 
school  teacher  in  Gibsonburg.  Madison 
township,  who  received  most  of  his  school- 
ing at  the  district  school,  attended  school 
one  term  at  Angola,  Ind.,  and  one  at 
Fostoria,  Ohio  (he  married  Eliza  Schnei- 
der); George  W..  born  January  29,  1875, 
who  works  at  home;  Mary  E.,  born  March 
31,  1877;  and  Orphia.  born  March  28, 
1883.  Mrs.  Taylor's  parents.  Christian 
and  Barbara  Raymer*  Rheinhart,  were 
natives  of  Pennsylvania. 

In  1863  Enoch  Taylor  took  his  father 
to  a  railroad  station,  and  on  their  return 
home  the  team  became  frightened  and  ran 
away,  throwing  him  out  and  fracturing 
his  right  shoulder,  which  injury  has  caused 
him  a  great  deal  of  inconvenience  in  later 
years.  In  1876.  by  a  kick  from  a  horse 
in  the  forehead,  his  skull  was   fractured, 

and  he  was  picked  up  for  dead,  but  after 
two  months  he  was  able  to  get  around 
again.  Since  then  his  eyesight  has  been 
impaired.  He  has  always  worked  hard 
from  his  youth,  and  since  the  death  of 
his  father  has  had  charge  of  the  old 

DAVID  GARN.  Jr.  The  entrance 
of  the  darn  families  into  Wash- 
ington township,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, dates  back  as  early  as  1834. 
They  have  been  widely  and  favorably 
known  as  enterprising  farmers  and  busi- 
ness men,  and  the  parents  of  our  subject 
were  among  the  early  pioneers  of  the 
Black  Swamp. 

David  Garn,  Jr.,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch  was  born  June  3,  1846,  in  Wash- 
ington township,  Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  a 
son  of  David  Gam  and  NIargaret  fickes) 
Garn,  the  former  of  whom  died  in  Feb- 
ruary, 1S48.  David  Gam's  earlier  edu- 
cational advantages  were  limited,  but  he 
afterward  attended  the  high  school  at 
Fremont  two  terms;  Normal  school  at 
Milan.  Ohio,  two  terms;  and  business 
college  at  Oberlin,  Ohio,  one  term.  He 
was  a  Union  soldier  in  the  war  of  the 
Rebellion,  having  enlisted  at  Fremont, 
Ohio,  May  2,  1864,  in  Company  G,  One 
Hundred  and  Sixty-ninth  Regiment,  O.  V. 
I.,  and  served  four  months  at  Fort  Ethan 
Allen,  Virginia,  where  he  suffered  from 
sunstroke  and  camp-fever.  On  Septem- 
ber 4,  1864.  he  was  honorably  discharged 
at  Cleveland,  Ohio.  He  was  a  member  of 
Eugene  Rawson  Post,  No.  32,  G.  A.  R., 
at  Fremont.  Ohio.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
David  Garn.  Sr. ,  were  born  children  as 
follows:  Sarah,  wife  of  Daniel  Swickard; 
Daniel,  who  was  a  member  of  Company  K, 
One  Hundred  and  Sixty-ninth  O.  \.  I. 
(he  married  Miss  Hattie  King,  and  their 
children  are  —  Ella,  Mary,  William,  .Albert, 
Edward,  Samuel);  Mary,  wife  of  Michael 
Weible,  farmer  of  Sandusky  township 
(they  had  one  child,  who  with  parents  are 



all  deceased);  Isaac,  a  commission  mer- 
chant,   of  Vinton,    Iowa,  born    February 

9,  1 84 1,  married  to  T.  C.  Mitchell,  daugh- 
ter of  Jacob  Mitchell  (Isaac  was  a  mem- 
ber of  Company  G,  One  Hundred  and 
Eleventh  O.  V.    I);   Alexander,  born  July 

10,  1843,  was  a  soldier  in  the  Civil  war, 
in  Company  I,  Seventy-second  Regiment 
O.  V.  I.,  and  died  near  Memphis,  Tenn. ; 
David,  Jr.,  is  the  subject  of  our  sketch. 

David  Garn,  Jr.,  was  married  in  San- 
dusky county,  January  20,  1884,  to  Miss 
Anna  Hoffman,  who  was  born  August  10, 
1864,  at  Hagerstown,  Md.,  a  daughter  of 
Jacob  and  Johanna  (Lesher)  Hoffman. 
Their  children  are:  Firm,  born  December 
10,  1884;  Ray,  born  January  3,  1886; 
David,  born  June  10,  1887;  Leo,  born 
February  6.  1895.  Mr.  Garn  is  a  mer- 
chant at  Helena,  Ohio,  and  has  held  the 
office  of  notary  public  and  of  postmaster 
since  1885.  He  previously  held  the 
offices  of  precinct  assessor,  school  direc- 
tor and  clerk  of  the  board  of  public 
schools  for  eleven  years. 

WILSON     DWIGHT     (deceased) 
was  a  son  of  Josiah  and  Abigail 
(Fish)    Dwight,    and    was    born 
June  I,   1 8 19,  upon  a  farm  near 
Cincinnatus,  New  York. 

When  seventeen  years  of  age  he  came 
to  Huron  county,  Ohio,  where  he  rented 
land  and  engaged,  in  his  own  behalf,  in 
agricultural  pursuits.  One  year  later  his 
father's  family  also  came  to  Huron  coun- 
ty, purchased  a  farm,  and  Wilson  made 
his  home  with  them  until  he  had  passed 
his  twenty-seventh  birthday  anniversary, 
when  he  wedded  Electa  Osterhout.  To 
this  union  came  four  children,  viz. : 
Charles  G. ,  who  died  when  eight  years  of 
age;  Jennie  M.,  deceased  wife  of  James 
Swisher;  Emma  L. ,  wife  of  William  Lev- 
ering, a  contractor,  of  Findlay,  Ohio;  and 
Flora  Bell,  wife  of  Lester  Wilson,  an  at- 
torney at  law  of  Fremont,  Ohio. 

Shortly  after  his  marriage,  Mr.  Dwight 

moved  to  La  Grange  county,  Ind.,  and 
purchased  a  farm  upon  which  he  resided 
for  three  years,  when  he  sold  out  and  re- 
turned to  Ohio,  buying  a  farm  in  Groton 
township,  Erie  county.  Here  he  made 
his  home  until  1873  when  he  removed  to 
Clyde,  Ohio,  and  purchased  a  splendid 
home  where  his  widow  now  resides. 
During  the  twenty-two  years  of  his  resi- 
dence in  Clyde,  although  he  lived  a  quiet 
life  and  gave  little  attention  to  business 
other  than  a  general  supervision  of  his 
farm,  he  came  to  be  universally  known  as 
a  man  of  kind  and  accommodating  dis- 
position, and  the  personification  of  honesty 
and  integrity.  He  passed  away  June  6, 
1895,  and  was  laid  to  rest  in  the  beauti- 
ful McPherson  cemetery,  adjoining  the 

DAVID  R.  RUSSELL,  who  in  his 
lifetime  was  an  honored  citizen  of 
Riley  township,  Sandusky  count}", 
was  born  November  23,  1855,  in 
Castalia,  Erie  Co.,  Ohio,  and  is  a  son  of 
Alonzo  and  Sarah  (Baker)  Russell,  both 
also  natives  of  Ohio,  the  father  born  in 
Erie  county,  April  8,  1823,  the  mother 
in  Castalia,  Erie  Co.,  Ohio,  March  28, 
1829.      They    were    married  August    28, 

1848,  and  were  the  parents  of  eight  chil- 
dren   as    follows:       Sophronia,     born    in 

1849,  and  now  living  in  Erie  county, 
Ohio,  was  married  to  James  Lemon,  who 
died  in  1881;  Lafayette  born  in  1851, 
married  Nettie  Lemon,  and  the}'  have 
two  children  (they  live  in  Erie  county); 
Mary,  born  in  1853,  married  George  Rig- 
gel,  and  they  have  had  four  children 
(they  live  in  Huron  county,  Ohio);  David 
R. ,  is  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Emma, 
born  in  1857,  married  Eugene  Zabst,  and 
they  have  one  child  (they  live  in  Bay 
City,  Mich.);  Frank,  born  in  1859,  died 
at  the  age  of  eighteen  years;  George,  born 
in  1 86 1,  married  Maud  Upton,  by  whom 
he  has  four  children  (they  live  in  Mis- 
souri); and   Sarah,  born  in  1863,  married 



Hiram  Harris,  and  has  two  children  (they 
live  in  Miclii^^an). 

Aion/o  Kussell  when  a  yoiinfj  man 
was  employed  by  the  day.  After  his 
marriajje  he  moved  to  Michigan,  bought  a 
farm  there,  lived  on  it  for  two  years,  and 
then  seilinj^  it  removc<l  to  Erie  county, 
Ohio,  where  he  worked  four  years  for  a 
man  by  the  name  of  David  Richmond. 
He  saved  his  money  and  bought  fifty 
acres  of  land,  later  purchasinj;  sixty-five 
more.  He  died  February  7,  1874.  since 
when  his  widow  has  managed  two  farms. 

David  K.  Kussell.  the  subject  proper 
of  these  lines,  was  raisetl  by  his  parents, 
received  a  common-school  education,  and 
worked  at  home  until  his  marriajje.  On 
May  2,  1S82,  he  was  wedded  to  Miss 
Harriet  Livingstine.  who  was  born  April 
8.  1S63.  in  Sanilusky  county,  and  five 
children  have  blessed  their  union,  as  fol- 
lows: Sadie  May,  born  March  7.  1883; 
Charles  David,  born  February  9,  1883; 
Rosa  Harriet  Gertrude,  born  I'obruary  2, 
1887;  Clara  Catherine,  born  November 
12.  1 888;  and  John  Robert,  born  Sep- 
tember 5.  1891.  Of  these  children.  Sadie 
May  died  January  17,  1895.  aged  eleven 
years,  ten  months  and  ten  days.  The 
father.  David  R.  Russell,  departed  this 
life  September  26,  1895.  at  the  age  of 
thirty-nine  years,  ten  months  and  three 
days.  He  died,  of  enlargement  of  the 
spleen,  at  the  home  of  his  sister  in  West 
Bay  City,  Mich.,  whither  he  had  gone  for 
the  benefit  of  his  health,  and  his  remains 
were  brought  back  to  his  home  by  his  fath- 
er-in-law, Charles  Livingstine,  and  were 
laid  to  rest  in  the  Scotch  cemetery  in  Riley 
Riley  township.  Sandusky  county.  The 
services  at  the  funerals  of  both  father  and 
daughter  were  comlucted  by  Rev.  V.  Feifler. 
in  Grace  Lutheran  Church,  at    Fremont. 

After  their  marriage  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
David  R.  Russell  settled  in  Riley  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  her  father  having 
given  her  thirty-three  acres  of  land  there. 
In  1884  Mr.  Russell  bought  thirty-five 
acres  adjoining,  paying  for  it   at  the  rate 

of  seventy-five  dollars  per  acre.  As  did 
his  father  before  him  in  political  matters, 
he  voted  the  Republican  ticket,  and  he 
donoted  liberally  toward  the  support  of 
the  Lutheran  Church. 

Gi:ORGE  REYNOLDS,  a  retired 
farmer  of  Sandusky  county,  living 
in  Ballville  village,  near  Fremont, 
was  born  March  9,  1S17,  in  Essex 
count)',  N.  Y. ,  near  Eli^abethtown,  son 
of  Daniel  and  Betsey  (Adams;  Reynolds. 
Daniel  Reynolds  was  born  near  Sara- 
toga Springs,  N.  Y.  In  1834  he  migrated 
to  Ohio  with  his  son,  George  Reynolds, 
and  settled  in  Lorain  county,  near  Elyria, 
where  he  remained  for  some  years.  In 
the  latter  part  of  his  life  he  removed  to 
Ballville  township,  Sandusky  county,  on 
land  now  occupied  by  his  son  George, 
where  he  died  at  the  age  of  sixty-six.  the 
mother  also  passing  away  at  the  same 
age.  Mr.  Reynolds  was  a  Whig  in  poli- 
tics, a  descendant  of  an  old  Yankee  family. 
There  were  eleven  children  born  to  him 
and  his  wife — Lyllis,  George,  Harry, 
Melissa,  Ransom,  Daniel,  Rosetta,  Phile- 
mon. Lucinda.  Edgar  and  Rousseau — six 
of  whom  are  still  living. 

George  Reynolds  spent  his  youth  and 
attended  school  in  the  State  of  New  York. 
After  coming  to  Ohio,  he  resided  about 
five  years  in  Elyria,  and  afterward  re- 
moved to  Fremont,  settling  in  Ballville 
township,  where  he  has  resided  on  the 
same  farm  for  fifty  years.  He  has  a  tract 
of  145  acres  of  land  under  a  high  state  of 
cultivation,  lying  on  the  east  bank  of  the 
Sandusky  river.  Here,  on  F'ebruary  6. 
1844.  he  married  Miss  Maria  Prior,  who 
was  born,  November  i,  1823,  in  Sandusky 
county,  on  their  present  farm.  A  brief 
record  of  their  children  is  as  follows:  ,1) 
Chauncey.  born  October  17.  1844.  mar- 
ried Miss  Effie  Bender,  and  they  have  two 
chiklren  -  George  and  Bessie.  (2)  Cyn- 
thia, born  June  6.  1850,  married  T.  L. 
Parker,  and  now  resides  with  her  parents 



(they  have  one  child,  Effie,  who  married 
James  Hill,  and  has  a  daughter — Delia 
Irene).  (3)  Orrin,  born  May  23,  1855, 
was  an  attorney  at  law,  and  died  at  Fre- 
mont, Ohio,  in  1879.  (4)  Delia,  mar- 
ried R.  W.  Mitchener,  and  they  have 
two  children — Kent  and  Robert  Don- 
nell.  (5)  Ransom,  born  May  15,  1859,  is 
unmarried,  and  is  living  with  his  parents. 
All  the  married  children  were  married  on 
the  home  farm.  Our  subject  is  a  Repub- 
lican in  politics,  and  for  about  eight  years 
has  been  a  member  of  the  M.  E.  Church, 
with  which  his  wife  has  been  united  from 
childhood,  she  being  the  oldest  living 
member  of  that  organization  in  Fremont. 
Mrs.  Reynolds  is  one  of  the  old  pioneers 
of  Sandusky  county,  and  can  relate  many 
incidents  of  early  pioneer  life. 

Among  the  men  of  mark  of  Ottawa 
count},  and  representative  citizens 
of  this  section  of  Ohio,  stands  the 
gentleman  whose  name  is  here  recorded. 
A  native  of  Sandusky  township,  San- 
dusky Co.,  Ohio,  born  February  9,  1840, 
he  was  there  educated  at  the  public 
schools,  and  also  learned  the  trade  of 
carpenter  with  his  father,  who  was  born 
about  the  year  18 10,  in  Pennsylvania, 
and  died  in  1869.  The  mother  of  our 
subject  passed  away  on  November  4, 
1895,  s^t  the  age  of  seventy-seven  years. 
This  honored  couple  were  the  parents  of 
fourteen  children — seven  sons  and  seven 
daughters.  At  the  age  of  twenty-three 
3'ears  our  subject  moved  to  Elmore,  Ot- 
tawa county,  where  he  has  ever  since, 
now  a  period  of  thirt3'-two  years,  been  a 
highly-esteemed  citizen.  For  one  year 
he  was  engaged  at  his  trade,  and  then 
embarked  in  lumbering  and  farming,  bus- 
inesses he  still  carries  on,  in  connection 
with  which  he  is  also  interested  in  the 
manufacture  of  staves  and  headings.  In 
1870  Mr.  Reed  appraised  the  real  estate 
of  Harris  township  to  the  unqualified  sat- 

isfaction of  all  concerned,  thus  establish- 
ing a  recognition  of  his  adaptability  for 
positions  to  which  good  judgment  is  an 
importance  essential.  In  iS92the  "oil 
boom  "  reached  Elmore,  and  our  subject 
at  once  embarked  in  that  speculation,  and 
he  has  since  put  down  fifteen  wells,  most 
of  which  are  producing.  In  1893  he 
purchased  of  Caleb  Klink  the  Elmore 
Wagon  and  Carriage  Factory,  in  which 
he  placed  the  machinery  for  the  manu- 
facture of  heading,  staves  and  lumber, 
and  in  his  various  businesses  he  now  em- 
ploys an  average  of  some  seventy-five 
hands.  In  the  year  just  mentioned  he 
was  appointed  assignee  for  the  Ottawa 
County  Bank,  located  at  Elmore. 

Mr.  Reed,  in  his  political  proclivities, 
is  an  ardent  supporter  of  Democratic 
principles,  and  in  1895,  justly  appreciat- 
ing his  merits  and  abilities,  that  party 
placed  him  in  nomination  as  representa- 
tive of  Ottawa  county  for  the  Ohio  State 
Legislature.  On  the  5th  of  November,  same 
year,  he  was  elected  by  a  majority  of  374 
over  his  opponent,  Emery  Thierwechter, 
of  Oak  Harbor,  which  in  itself  is  substan- 
tial enough  evidence  of  his  popularity. 

In  i860  Hon.  S.  W.  Reed  was  united 
in  marriage  with  Miss  Emma  Hetrick, 
daughter  of  George  and  Catherine  Het- 
rick, and  to  this  union  have  been  born 
eight  children,  to  wit:  Saloma  (Mrs.  John 
Reber,  of  Elmore),  William  Lester  (de- 
ceased, who  for  several  years  prior  to  his 
death  was  engaged  with  his  father  in 
business),  EmbroT.  (a  farmer  at  Elmore), 
Franklin  M.  (in  a  lumber  and  stave  busi- 
ness), Ella,  Edwin  E.,  Eva  and  Warrie 
W.  The  entire  family  enjoy  the  high- 
est esteem  and  regard  of  the  community 
in  which  they  live. 

EMBRA    T.    REED.      Among    the 
younger  representatives  of  the  ag- 
ricultural interests  of  Ottawa  coun- 
ty   is   this    gentleman,    who    was 
born  on    March   10,   1865,  in  Washington 



township,  Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  a  son  of 
Solotnon  Wilson  and  Etneline  (Hetrick) 
Reed.  The  former  was  born  in  Wash- 
ington township  about  1840,  and  his  first 
business  venture  was  the  purchase  and 
sale  of  horses  which  he  secured  for  the 
Union  army  during  the  war  of  the  Ke- 
belhon.  In  i860  he  married  Miss  Het- 
rick, who  was  born  in  the  same  locality  in 
1 838.  and  they  became  the  parents  of  eight 
children — five  sons  and  three  daughters — 
seven  of  whom  are  now  living;  William 
Lester  died  in  1890  from  an  injury  re- 
ceived several  years  before. 

The  boyhood  days  of  our  subject  were 
spent  under  the  parental  roof  at  Elmore, 
Ohio,  and  he  there  obtained  his  educa- 
tion. In  1884.  at  the  age  of  nineteen,  he 
started  on  a  trip  through  the  South  and 
West,  first  going  to  Texas,  thence  to  Cali- 
fornia, where  he  remained  a  year,  and 
then  on  to  Montana,  returning  to  his  Ohio 
home  by  the  way  of  North  Dakota.  He 
continued  with  his  father  through  the 
winter,  and  in  the  succeeding  spring  went 
to  New  Mexico  and  to  Colorado,  where 
for  two  years  he  was  engaged  in  silver 
mining.  On  the  expiration  of  that  period 
he  made  his  way  to  Oregon  and  Washing- 
ton, remaining  in  that  section  of  the 
country  for  nine  months  when  he  again 
came  to  Ohio. 

On  October  11.  1888.  Mr.  Reed  was 
joined  in  wedlock  with  Miss  Julia  James. 
of  Elmore,  who  was  born  in  Harris  town- 
ship, Ottawa  county,  January  21,  1867. 
She  was  educated  in  the  district  schools, 
and  until  her  marriage  remained  at  home 
with  her  parents.  Her  father,  Orin  James, 
was  born  in  Sandusky  county,  Ohio, 
February  7,  1S32,  and  came  to  Ottawa 
county  during  his  boyhood.  He  married 
Miss  Mclvina  Richards,  who  was  born  in 
Ottawa  county  in  1830,  and  died  in  1873. 
Three  children  grace  the  union  of  our 
subject  and  his  wife:  Le  Koy  Trask,  born 
July  28.  i88y;  Carl  Ue  Witt,  born  De- 
cember 28,  1892;  and  Arzella,  born  Sep- 
tember 23.  1894.      For  a  year  after  his 

marriage  Mr.  Reed  lived  in  Findlay, Ohio, 
engaged  in  the  cooperage  business.  He 
then  came  to  Harris  township,  Ottawa 
county,  and  took  charge  of  one  of  his 
father's  farms  which  he  is  still  operating. 
He  is  also  engaged  in  raising  stock  for 
the  local  trade,  and  is  doing  a  good  busi- 
ness. In  his  political  views  he  is  a  Repub- 
lican. He  and  his  wife  hold  membership 
with  the  Disciple  Church  of  Elmore,  and 
are  highly-esteemed  residents  of  his  lo- 
cality, having  many  friends.  He  has  the 
culture  which  travel  brings,  and  many  in- 
teresting incidents  which  he  can  relate  of 
his  journey  make  him  an  entertaining  com- 

CS.  KEATING.  Although  he  has 
long  since  passed  his  allotted 
three  score  years  and  ten,  and 
has  now  entered  his  eightieth 
year,  tliis  well-beloved  old  gentleman  of 
Clyde,  Sandusky  county,  is  at  this  writ- 
ing as  erect  in  figure,  as  quick  in  action, 
as  a  man  of  half  his  years.  His  eye- 
sight is  keen,  and  he  is  yet  an  active  fol- 
lower of  Nimrod  and  of  Walton.  Each 
summer  he  visits  the  haunts  of  noble 
game,  and  the  favorite  nooks  of  the  trout 
and  the  muskallonge,  while  his  pleasant 
home  is  adorned  with  numerous  and 
valuable  trophies  of  the  chase.  In  this 
respect  it  resembles  rather  some  old  ba- 
ronial hall  than  a  modern  dwelling  house, 
and  for  each  trophy  Mr.  Keating  has  an 
interesting  storj-. 

He  was  born  in  Main  April  8,  18 16, 
son  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (Mathews) 
Keating,  both  also  natives  of  the  "Pine 
Tree  State."  John  Keating  was  a  man 
of  earnest  convictions.  About  1819  he 
with  his  wife  and  family  made  the  long 
and  tiresome  journey  by  wagon  from 
Maine  to  Ohio,  settling  near  Zanesville, 
whore  he  farmed  and  followed  the  trade 
of  millwright.  In  1825  he  moved  to  a 
farm  in  Clinton  township,  Seneca  county. 
There  was  then  but   one  frame  house  in 



Tiffin.  He  cut  a  wagon  road  from  Tif- 
fin to  his  little  log  cabin  in  the  woods 
two  and  a  half  miles  away,  and  soon 
after  found  employment  as  a  ship  carpen- 
ter at  Sandusky,  Huron  and  Fremont, 
following  that  trade  for  ten  years  or 
longer.  He  was  also  a  Baptist  minister, 
and  preached  the  Gospel  at  frequent  in- 
tervals from  a  sense  of  right,  and  not  for 
emoluments,  and  each  Sunday  he  made 
long  trips  on  horseback  through  the  mud 
and  woods  to  fill  these  clerical  appoint- 
ments. He  had  nine  children  as  follows: 
John  M.,  who  died  at  the  old  homestead 
after  marriage;  Joseph,  a  boss  ship- 
builder, who  married  and  lived  at  Toledo, 
where  he  was  accidentally  killed  at  the 
age  of  fifty-six  years;  Edward  and  Ed- 
win, who  both  died  young;  Capt.  A.  C. 
Keating,  of  Clyde;  C.  S.,  subject  of  this 
sketch;  Henry  A.,  who  lives  on  the 
pike  below  Clyde;  George  L.,  residing 
on  the  old  homestead  near  Tiffin;  Louisa, 
who  married  Elias  Jackson,  and  is  now  a 
widow,  living  in  Indiana  (Mr.  Jackson 
died  several  years  ago);  Elizabeth,  mar- 
ried to  Charles  Sloat,  now  living  in  Cali- 
fornia; and  one  child  who  died  in  infancy. 

C.  S.  Keating  grew  to  manhood  on  ; 
the  pioneer  farm  in  Seneca  county,  re- 
ceiving a  scant  education  in  the  log  school 
houses  of  that  age.  He  paid  for  one 
term  of  instruction  by  chopping  trees, 
and  remembers  that  one  tree  which  he 
tackled  was  too  large  for  him,  and  he  was 
obliged  to  call  his  father's  assistance  in 
felling  it.  He  remained  on  the  home 
farm  till  twenty-two  j'ears  of  age,  then  en- 
tered the  shipyard  at  Marblehead  as  car- 
penter; he  followed  this  trade  at  Lorain, 
on  the  Black  river,  at  Vermilion,  Huron 
and  Fremont,  for  about  two  years.  On 
December  i,  1839,  he  was  married  to 
Miss  Olive  E.  Butler,  born  near  Rock- 
land, Maine,  August  29,  1822,  a  distant 
relative  of  Ben.  Butler.  She  is  the  daugh- 
ter of  Brackett  and  Nancy  (Mathews) 
Butler,  the  former  of  whom  was  of  En- 
glish ancestry,  and  by  his  wife  Nancy  had 

five    children,    as   follows:    Myra,    wife  of 
Samuel   Russ,    of  Boston,    Mass. ;   Lucj', 
who  died   at  Clyde,    the  wife  of   Gilbert 
Perry;  Olive;  Marie,  wife  of  Charles  Brad- 
bury; Amanda,  now  Mrs.  Boston,  of  Bos- 
ton,   Mass.      Mrs.    Butler   died    in    1827, 
and  Mr.  Butler  married  again,  b}-  his  sec- 
ond marriage  rearing  a  family;  he  died  in 
Indiana.      Olive  met  her  future   husband 
while  visiting  in  Ohio.      Mr.  Keating  be- 
gan   housekeeping    at    Hedges    Springs, 
Seneca  county.      He  lived  there  six  years, 
and  followed  his  trade  of  ship  carpenter 
at  Fremont  as  well.      He  also  cleared  up 
some  land  in  Adams    township,    Seneca 
county,    and   farmed    there     for    several 
years;  then   bought   timber  land    on   the 
pike  below  Clyde,    paying  $14  per  acre, 
and  selling  it  for  $80  per  acre  during  the 
Civil    war.       At  the  close  of    the   war   he 
bought  another  farm.      He  lived  on   the 
place    about   six    3'ears,    then    moved    to 
Clyde,    where  he   now  resides.      To   Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Keating  were  born  four  children, 
a  brief  record  of  whom  is  as  follows:      (i) 
Joseph   B.,  born  July  8,   1841,  was  edu- 
cated in  the  Clyde  schools  and  in  a  Com- 
mercial   College    at    Cleveland,    followed 
railroading  and,  subsequently,  the  jewelry 
business;  he    died    at    Huntington,    Ind., 
February  25,   1889,  leaving  two  children 
— Laura  and  Truman.      (2)  Alice  K.,  the 
widow    of    William   Weaver,     is    an    in- 
structor in  the  public  schools  at  Hunting- 
ton, Ind.      (3)    Russ,    born    October    29, 
1853,  is  a  traveling  salesman  at  Fond  du 
Lac,  Wis  ,  for  the  Diebold  Safe  &  Lock 
Co. ;  he  is  married  and    has    one    child — 
Charles.       (4)    Walter  L. ,  born   January 
17,  1859,  engaged  in  the  safe  business  at 
La  Crosse,  Wis.,  is  married  and  has  one 
child — Florence.      Mr.  and  Mrs.  Keating 
celebrated  their  golden  wedding  in    1889. 
Mrs.  Keating  is  an  active  member  of   the 
Methodist  Church,  and  an  earnest  worker 
in  the  temperance  cause.      Her  father  was 
a  Baptist  from  boyhood,  and  was  a  leader 
in  the  Church    choir,    having  a    cultured 



Mr.  Keating  has  not  yet  lost  his  keen 
zest  f(jr  the  gun  ;ind  fishing  rod.  He  at- 
tributes his  well-preserveil  eyesight  and 
his  unimpaired  vitahty,  not  so  much  to 
his  hardy  physique  as  to  the  excellent 
care  he  has  taken  of  himself.  The  tro- 
phies of  his  skill  which  adorn  his  home 
recall  the  lines  of  Walter  Scott,  in  "The 
Lady  of  the  Lake:" 

Here  jjrins  tin-  wolf  a.s  when  lie  dieil. 
There  haii).;.-  the  wild  cat's  brindled  hide. 
And  all  around,  the  walls  to, 
Han^  trophies  of  the  fi)fht  and  chase. 

In  the  year  1852  Mr.  Keating  became 
a  I'ree  Mason  at  Clyde,  Ohio,  joining 
Monticello  Lodge  No.  244.  In  politics 
he  is  non-partisan,  with  a  predilection 
toward  the  Republican  party.  Convic- 
tion and  principle  dominate  his  ballot  as 
well  as  his  religion,  and  his  relations  to 
his  fellow  men.  He  is  a  genuine-hearted 
man,  held  in  highest  esteem  by  all  who 
know  him. 

JOHN  L.  LEV  I  SEE  is  one  of  the 
comparatively  few  men  born  so  far 
back  as  1809.  He  is  the  oldest  man 
in  and  one  of  the  earliest  pioneers  of 
Tovvnsend  township,  Sandusky  county, 
having  located  there  on  October  29,  1 83 1 . 
His  parents  were  Aaron  and  Anna  (Lyon) 

James  Levisee,  his  paternal  grand- 
father, was  born  in  Connecticut,  and  went 
from  there  to  New  Jersey.  He  had  two 
sons:  Aaron  Levisee,  born  in  New  Jersey, 
July  9,  1774,  and  John.  During  their 
younger  days  these  brothers  followeil  the 
sea.  While  their  vessel  was  lying  off  the 
coast  of  South  America,  a  number  of  the 
crew  were  stricken  with  yellow  fever,  in- 
cluding the  brothers,  Aaron  and  John. 
When  they  reached  New  York,  John  died 
in  the  hospital  there,  but  .Aaron  survived, 
although  all  his  hair  fell  out.  leaving  him 
entirely  bald.  In  1798  Aaron  Levisee 
was  united  in  marriage  with  Anna  Lyon. 
win,  was  born  in  Massachusetts,  and  their 

children  were:  Almeda,  born  August  i, 
1799;  .Xvelina,  June  21,  1801 ;  Thankful. 
July  15,  180?;  Eliza  Ann,  May  6,  1806; 
John  L.  and  Sarah  L. ,  July  4.  1809;  two 
who  died  in  infancy;  Sophia,  born  Feb- 
ruary 14,  1815;  Emma,  born  March  24. 
1818;  and  .\arnn  Hurton,  born  .March  18. 
1821.  Of  these,  the  survivors  arc:  John 
L. ,  the  subject  of  this  sketch;  Emma, 
widow  of  William  Fuller,  of  Townsend 
t<jwnship,  Sandusky  township;  and  .\.  H. 
Levisee,  of  Clyde,  Green  Creek  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county.  Aaron  Levisee, 
Sr.,  died  June  18,  1828.  in  Allen,  Alle- 
gany coimty,  N.  Y. ;  his  widow  died  in 
1S45.  Mrs.  Levisee  was  a  daughter  of 
Thomas  and  Thankful  Lyon. 

John  L.  Levisee  was  born  in  Charles- 
ton, Ontario  Co.  (since  Lima,  Livingston 
Co.),  N.  Y. ,  on  the  east  bank  of  the  Gen- 
esee river,  and  went  with  his  parents  to 
Allegany  county  in  182^.  .At  the  age  of 
twenty-two  he  left  his  native  State  to 
make  him  a  home  in  the  unbroken  wil- 
dernessof  northern  Ohio.  His  mother  and 
the  other  members  of  the  family  came  in 
the  following  year.  Of  these  sturdy  pio- 
neers, it  could  well  be  said:  "There 
were  giants  in  those  days" — giants  in  en- 
durance, strength  and  courage.  Here 
Mr.  Levisee  worked  for  five  years,  clear- 
ing and  preparing  a  tract  of  land.  At  the 
end  of  that  time  he  was  united  in  mar- 
riage with  Diana  Stanley,  who  \sas  born 
in  Jefferson  county,  N.  Y.,  October  25, 
1810.  They  have  the  following  named 
children:  Sarah,  born  May  5,  1838;  .Anna, 
July  28,  1840;  Elizabeth,  October  27, 
1842;  Eliza,  August  18,  1844;  Mary  Jane. 
October  23,  1846;  Civilia,  January  30. 
1849;  David.  November  21,  1850;  and 
Chauncey,  May  23,  1855.  Mrs.  Levisee 
was  a  ilaughter  of  .Asa  and  Anna  Stanley, 
of  York  township.  Sandusky  county,  and 
was  a  member  of  the  Methodist  Church; 
her  death  occurred  July  4,  1835. 

On  November  15,  1866,  Mr.  Levisee 
again  married,  taking  for  his  second  wife 
Mrs.    Statira    E.    (Cable;    Reynolds,   who 



was  born  in  Lorain  county,  Ohio,  June  7, 
1830,  a  daughter  of  Shubael  and  Ehza- 
beth  Reynolds,  and  thej'  had  two  chil- 
dren: Francis  A.,  born  August  12,  1868, 
and  Willie,  born  July  12,  1870,  and  died 
December  14,  1870.  In  his  younger  days 
Mr.  Levisee  worked  somewhat  at  the 
carpenter  trade.  He  lives  on  the  farm, 
which  he  cleared  over  sixty  years  ago,  but 
retired  from  the  active  supervision  of  the 
place  several  years  since,  and  his  son 
Chauncey  now  has  the  management.  Mr. 
Levisee  is  a  Republican  in  politics,  and 
in  Church  connection  is  a  Universalist. 

FJ.  WHITTEMORE,  M.  D.,  a 
prominent  and  leading  physician 
and  surgeon  of  Clyde,  Sandusky 
county,  was  born  in  Massachu- 
setts, January  15,  1831.  In  the  Willis- 
ton  Seminary  of  East  Hampton,  Mass., 
he  was  prepared  for  college,  after  which 
he  entered  the  New  York  University, 
where  his  literary  education  was  com- 
pleted, graduating  in  the  class  of  1851. 
Later  he  became  a  student  in  the  med- 
ical department  of  the  same  university, 
where  he  received  the  degree  of  M.  D. 
In  Plymouth,  Conn.,  he  began  the  prac- 
tice of  his  chosen  profession,  and  re- 
mained there  for  ten  years — the  follow- 
ing years  in  New  Haven,  Conn.,  until 
about  four  years  ago,  when  he  came  to 
Ohio,  leaving  his  son,  a  skillful  physician, 
in  charge  of  his  extensive  practice.  He 
belongs  to  the  Allopathic  school,  and  in 
New  Haven  did  a  general  practice;  but 
since  coming  to  the  Buckeye  State  has 
made  a  specialty  of  chronic  diseases,  and 
his  practice  has  grown  so  rapidly  that  he 
has  almost  more  than  he  can  attend  to. 
He  has  ever  been  a  close  student  of  his 
profession,  and  well  deserves  the  liberal 
patronage  which  he  receives. 

The  Doctor  is  a  son  of  Amos  and 
Clara  (Hamilton)  Whittemore,  both  na- 
tives of  Massachusetts,  the  former  born 
at  Spencer,  the  latter  at   Chester.      The 

father  began  business  as  an  agriculturist, 
but  later  became  connected  with  railroad 
work,  serving  for  many  years  as  yard- 
master.  He  was  of  English  descent,  the 
great-grandfather  of  our  subject  coming 
from  Wales  at  an  early  day,  locating  in 
New  England,  where  the  grandfather  was 
born.  The  maternal  grandfather,  John 
Hamilton,  came  to  the  New  World  from 
Ireland,  and  during  the  Revolutionary 
war  served  as  lieutenant  in  the  Continen- 
tal army,  which  rank  he  was  holding  at 
the  time  of  Burgoyne's  surrender.  The 
father  of  the  Doctor  was  called  from  this 
life  about  1862,  at  the  age  of  seventy-six 
years;  the  mother  passed  away  at  the  age 
of  fifty-seven  years.  They  left  one  son 
besides  our  subject — Louis  W. ,  a  resident 
of  Hartford,  Connecticut. 

At  Plymouth,  Conn.,  Dr.  Whitte- 
more was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss 
Fallah  Terry  (now  deceased),  daughter  of 
Eli  Terry,  who  made  the  first  clock  in  this 
country,  and  was  the  first  large  manu- 
facturer of  clocks  in  the  United  States. 
His  father,  a  resident  of  Windsor,  Conn., 
constructed  the  first  wooden  clock.  To 
the  Doctor  and  his  wife  have  been  born 
four  children:  (i)  Dr.  Frank  H.,  a  gradu- 
ate of  Bellevue  Hospital  Medical  College, 
New  York,  who  also  studied  in  Europe, 
and  has  succeeded  to  his  father's  prac- 
tice in  New  Haven,  Conn. ;  he  is  mar- 
ried and  has  one  child — E.  Reid.  (2) 
William  R. ,  who  studied  law,  but  is  now 
traveling.  (3)  Clara,  wife  of  Rev.  E. 
Oakley,  of  Romeo,  Mich.;  they  have  three 
children — Frank,  Ralph  and  Roy.  (4) 
Lillie  (now  deceased),  who  married  Charles 
L.  Knapp,  a  manufacturer,  of  New  York 
City;  they  made  their  home  in  Brooklyn. 
For  his  second  wife  Dr.  Whittemore  wed- 
ded, in  1887,  Miss  Alice  J.  Blackman,  of 
New  Haven,  Connecticut. 

Although  he  has  but  lately  come  to 
Sandusky  county,  Dr.  Whittemore  has 
made  many  warm  friends,  and  has  secured 
a  lucrative  practice.  He  uses  his  right 
of  franchise  in  support  of  the  Republican 



party;  while  in  religious  faith  he  belongs 
to  the  Congregational  Church.  He  oc- 
cupies quite  a  prominent  position  among 
the  medical  fraternity  and  holds  member- 
ships with  the  State  Medical  Association, 
and  also  with  the  Sandusky  County  Medi- 
cal Society. 

JAMES  RAMAGE,  postmaster  at  Gib- 
sonburg,  Sandusky  county,  has  been 
a  resident  of  that  city  for  about 
twenty-two  years,  and  is  held  in  the 
highest  esteem  by  his  fellow  citizens.  He 
is  now  holding  the  office  of  postmaster 
for  the  second  time,  having  been  ap- 
pointed under  Cleveland's  first  adminis- 
tration, and  again  under  his  present  one. 
Abner  Kaniage.  the  father  of  our  sub- 
ject, was  born  in  Fayette  county,  Penn., 
and  came  to  Ohio,  settling  in  Holmes 
county  in  1823,  where  he  carried  on 
farming.  He  was  born  in  1800  and  died 
in  1 86 1.  He  was  married  in  Holmes 
county  to  Susannah  Custer,  who 
was  born  in  Leesburg,  Penn. ,  and  was 
a  full  cousin  of  Gen.  Custer,  who  was 
massacred  by  the  Indians  on  the  Little 
Hig  Horn,  during  the  Indian  troubles  in 
the  West  some  years  ago.  Mrs.  Ramage 
was  about  fifty  years  old  at  the  time  of 
her  death.  She  was  the  mother  of  ten 
children,  of  whom  our  subject  is  the  eld- 
est, the  others  in  the  order  of  birth  be- 
ing as  follows:  Mary,  who  married  John 
Malone,  is  deceased;  Sarah,  who  married 
a  Mr.  Mitchell,  is  also  deceased;  John  J. 
lives  in  Delaware  county,  this  State  (he 
enlisted,  at  the  commencement  of  the  war 
of  the  Rebellion,  and  served  all  through 
the  struggle,  receiving  a  severe  wound  in 
the  hip;  he  went  to  the  front  as  orderly 
sergeant,  and  returned  as  second  lieuten- 
ant; he  was  with  Sherman  on  his  march 
to  the  sea.  On  his  return  home  he 
sened  two  terms  as  county  auditor  of 
Delaware  county,  Ohio/.  Elizabeth  died 
in  youth;  George  is  a  practicing  physician 
at     Jennings,     La.     (he    was    an   assist- 

ant surgeon  through  the  war);  William 
lives  in  Memphis.  Tenn. ;  Delila  married 
M.  J.  \'anSsvearengen.  and  lives  in  Illi- 
nois; Lydia  died  when  sixteen  y^ars  old; 
Hampton  lives  in  Findlay,  this  State. 
The  Kamagcs  are  of  French  descent, 
and  were  early  pioneers  in  America.  The 
Custers  are  of  Pennsylvania-Dutch  stock. 

James  Ramage  grew  to  manhood  in 
Holmes  county,  this  State,  in  his  boyish 
da_\s  attending  the  common  schools  which 
were  held  in  log  schoolhouses.  with 
puncheon  floors,  greased  paper  for  win- 
dows, and  slab  seats  and  desks.  He 
worked  on  his  father's  farm  until  twenty- 
eight  years  of  age.  in  the  meantime,  when 
twenty-five  years  old.  marrying  Miss 
Christma  Mills,  who  was  born  in 
rawas  county,  Ohio,  in  1831,  and  died  in 
1886.  This  worthy  couple  were  the  par- 
ents of  nine  children,  as  follows:  Eliza- 
beth, now  the  widow  of  S.  C.  Bevington. 
and  living  with  our  subject  (she  has  two 
children — Elsie  and  Floyd);  .•Kbner  N., 
who  died  when  seven  months  old;  Joseph, 
who  died  when  three  ^ears  old;  Ida.  de- 
ceased at  the  age  of  two  years;  Elmer,  who 
died  when  about  ten  months  old;  John, 
unmarried  and  living  at  home;  Alice,  now 
the  wife  of  P.  A.  Rust  (they  have  two 
children — Florence  and  Dewitt);  Hattie, 
who  died  when  nineteen  years  old;  and 
Rena.  at  home. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  learned  the 
carpenter's  trade  in  Holmes  county  when 
he  was  twenty-eight  years  of  age,  and 
followed  that  occupation  until  1 861.  He 
then  entered  the  dry-goods  business  at 
Middletown.  Holmes  county,  and  carried 
same  on  for  four  years,  when  he  sold  out 
an<i  went  to  Mansfield,  this  State,  work- 
ing at  his  trade  for  about  four  years.  In 
1873  he  came  to  Gibsonburg,  at  the  time 
the  Pennsylvania  railroad  was  being 
built,  and  has  worked  at  his  trade  most  of 
the  time  except  when  acting  as  postmas- 
ter. Mr.  Ramage  has  always  been  a 
stanch  Democrat,  and  has  been  active  in 
promoting  the  interests  of  his  party.       In 



religious  faith,  he  has  been  a  member  of 
the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church  for  about 
thirty  years;  socially,  he  belongs  to  the 
I.  O.  O.  F. ,  and  is  a  member  of  the 
Masonic  lodge,  at  Genoa. 

FRED  CURTISS.  The  annals  of 
the  lives  of  some  men  read  more 
like  a  romance  than  sober  history, 
on  accout  of  the  adventurous  turn 
of  their  mind,  and  the  circumstances  un- 
der which  they  have  lived,  causing  them 
to  roam  from  place  to  place.  Among  these 
is  the  gentleman  whose  name  introduces 
this  sketch  ,  and  who  is  engaged  in  the 
grocery  business  in  Clyde,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty. In  Green  Creek  township,  that  coun- 
ty, he  was  born  September  i6,  1855,  and 
is  a  son  of  Charles  and  R.  J.  (Hurd)  Cur- 

Tradition  has  been  more  often  con- 
sulted and  relied  upon  than  recorded 
facts,  and  as  a  consequence  the  English 
origin  of  the  Curtiss  family — like  Homer's 
birth-place — has  many  locations.  It  is 
believed  that  our  subject  is  descended 
from  the  Curtiss  family  of  Stratford, 
Conn.,  who  are  known  to  have  lived  there 
in  1658,  as  the  record  shows,  and  were  de- 
scended from  William  Curtiss,  the  founder 
of  the  family  in  America  being  one  of  the 
passengers  on  board  the  ship  "Lion," 
which  arrived  in  Boston  harbor,  Sunday 
evening,  September  16,  1632.  The  pa- 
ternal grandfather  of  Fred  was  born  in 
New  York  State,  and  came  to  Ohio  at  an 
early  day,  locating  in  Sandusky  county, 
where  his  son  Charles  was  born;  but  the 
former,  who  bore  the  name  of  Benjamin 
Curtiss,  died  when  his  son  was  a  mere 
child.  The  mother  again  married,  and 
the  son  was  reared  by  his  uncle,  James 
Cleveland.  After  his  marriage  the  father 
of  our  subject  settled  on  the  farm  near  his 
uncle,  and  after  clearing  up  this  tract  he 
sold  and  bought  the  old  homestead  in 
Townsend  township,  Sandusky  county, 
whese   he  engaged    in    farming,  but    later 

became  a  merchant  of  Clyde,  and  was 
thus  engaged  until  the  time  of  his  disap- 
pearance. He  had  been  unfortunate  in 
business,  and  those  who  knew  him  best 
assert  that  he  was  swindled  by  his  part- 
ners. He  took  the  matter  deeply  to 
heart,  and  one  day,  saying  he  was  going 
hunting,  he  started  out  with  his  gun  and 
was  never  heard  of  afterward.  His  fate 
will  doubtless  always  be  an  unrevealed 
mystery.  This  occurred  when  our  sub- 
ject was  only  five  years  old,  and  his 
mother  was  left  with  five  helpless  chil- 
dren and  only  five  dollars  of  visible  means 
for  their  support.  She  was  born  in  San- 
dusky county,  and  is  still  living  at  the  age 
of  sixty-six  years. 

The  family  comprised  (i)  Benjamin, 
who,  at  the  age  of  fourteen  years,  enlisted 
in  the  United  States  army.  His  mother 
afterward  secured  his  release  on  the 
grounds  of  his  minority,  but  as  he  was 
anxious  to  go  into  the  field  he  re-enlisted 
for  actual  service,  which  he  experienced 
until  the  close  of  the  war,  after  which  he 
came  home  on  a  visit.  He  then  went  to 
the  Pacific  coast  where  he  remained 
twenty-two  years,  most  of  the  time  being 
in  the  employ  of  the  government,  but  for 
the  past  few  years  he  has  been  in  the 
timber  business.  (2)  Frank,  who  also 
served  in  the  regular  army,  subsequently 
secured  a  position  with  the  government, 
hauling  supplies  to  the  great  Northwest. 
He  became  a  hunter  and  trapper  of  Wash- 
ington and  Idaho,  and  in  the  latter  State 
was  married,  but  he  now  resides  in  Seneca 
county,  Ohio.  (3)  Fred  is  next  in  order  of 
birth.  (4)  Mary  is  the  wife  of  Robert  Foster, 
of  Townsend  township,  Sandusky  county. 
(5)  Ada,  who  lives  in  London,  Ohio,  is 
the  wife  of  George  J.  Holgate.  As  the 
mother  was  unable  to  support  the  family, 
the  boys  were  obliged  to  go  among  strang- 
ers as  soon  as  they  were  able  to  earn  their 
clothes  and  board,  and  consequently  the 
early  life  of  Fred  Curtiss  was  not  a  very 
pleasant  one.  At  an  early  age  he  began 
peddling  fruit  on  the  cars  and  around  the 



depot,  after  which  he  drove  milk  wagon, 
ice  wapoii  and  dray,  and  later  became 
brakenian  fur  the  Lake  Shore  &  Miclii- 
gan  Southern  railroad.  On  quitting  that 
occupation  he  worketl  for  one  season  on 
the  farm  of  Wiliiain  McPherson,  a  brother 
of  Gen.  McFherson,  and  for  a  while  lived 
with  the  General's  mother,  working  during 
the  winter  for  his  board  and  being  allowed 
to  attend  school,  while  during  the  sum- 
mer season  he  was  employed  in  a  brick 

On  attaining  the  age  of  nineteen  years, 
after  a  series  of  trials  and  vicissitudes, 
Mr.  Curtiss  determined  to  act  on  Horace 
Greely's  advice  to  "Go  West"  and  grow 
up  with  the  country-  Accompanied  by 
an  old  friend,  he  accordingly  started  for 
Wisconsin,  and  on  arriving  in  New  Lis- 
bon, that  State,  he  secured  employment 
in  a  dry -goods  store,  where  he  remained 
six  months.  He  then  went  to  Minnesota, 
and  thence  to  Iowa,  but  found  no  per- 
manent employment.  At  Siou.x  City, 
Iowa,  he  engaged  with  the  captain  of  a 
steamboat  to  work  his  passage  still 
farther  west.  He  stood  the  life  of  a 
"  roustabout  "  until  he  reached  I'ort  Ran- 
dall, whence  he  proceeded  to  Yankton, 
S.  Uak.,  and  later  went  to  V'ermillion,  in 
the  same  State.  On  reaching  the  latter 
place  he  had  but  twenty-five  cents  re- 
maining, and  employment  was  a  neces- 
sity. While  looking  around,  to  his  great 
surprise  he  met  Frank  Haywood,  the 
friend  whom  he  had  left  in  Wisconsin. 
Through  that  gentleman  he  soon  found 
employment  in  a  brickyard,  where  he  re- 
mained until  securing  a  better  position  in 
a  sawmill  up  the  river,  where  he  received 
$2.00.  On  leaving  that  place  he  went  to 
Nebraska,  thence  to  Missouri,  and  still 
later  we  find  him  in  Kansas,  where  he 
went  to  work  as  a  stock  drover,  remain- 
ing there  until  shipping  time  in  the  fall, 
when  he  came  East  with  the  stock. 

On  returning  home  Mr.  Curtiss  be- 
gan work  with  J.  L.  Ames,  a  farmer  of 
Sandusky  county,  with  whom  he  remained 

for  four  or  five  years,  after  which  he  be- 
gan railroading  again  as  brakeman.  On 
giving  up  his  position  he  was  employed  by 
his  uncle,  T.  P.  Hurd,  of  Clyde,  until  he 
started  in  business  for  himself.  He 
opened  his  present  store  in  1886,  where 
he  carries  a  full  and  complete  line  of 
staple  and  fancy  groceries,  and  has  now 
the  largest  trade  of  any  dealer  of  the 
kinil  in  the  city. 

In  1885  Mr.  Curtiss  wedded  Miss 
Catherine  Mulchy,  a  native  of  Sandusky 
county,  where  thej-  are  both  widely  and 
favorably  known.  He  holds  membership 
with  the  Masonic  Fraternity,  belonging 
to  the  Blue  Lodge,  Clyde,  and  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias.  As  a 
man  and  citizen  he  is  respected  and  es- 
teemed by  the  community  in  which  he 
lives,  and  enjoys  the  regard  and  confi- 
dence of  all  who  know  him.  He  is  now 
serving  as  director  of  the  First  National 
Bank.  Politically  he  votes  with  the  Dem- 
ocratic party. 

JACKSON  TINNEY  (deceased)  was 
born  in  Niagara  county.  N.  Y. ,  June 
15,  1832.  and  died  at  Greensburg, 
Ohio,  June  24,  1891.  His  father, 
Stephen  Tinney,  was  a  native  of  Massa- 
chusetts, and  his  mother,  Julia  Scott,  was 
born  in  New  York.  When  Jackson  was 
only  one  year  old  his  parents  moved  to 
Lenawee  county,  Mich.,  where  they 
remained  six  years,  thence  removing  to 
Ohio,  and  settling  in  Scott  township, 
Sandusky  county,  in  the  spring  of  1839. 
where  the  family  has  since  resided.  He 
was  the  third  son  in  a  family  of  four  chil- 

On  Jidy  4,  1S63,  he  was  united  in 
marriage  with  Miss  Sarah  Inman,  daugh- 
ter of  William  Inman,  one  of  the  pioneer 
settlors  of  Scott  township;  as  a  result  of 
this  union  two  children  have  been  bom — 
one  son  and  one  daughter.  His  wife  and 
children  survive  him.  His  worth  as  a  citi- 
zen was  appreciated,  as  is  shown  by  the 



fact  that  he  was  several  times  elected 
township  clerk,  while  in  1890  he  served 
as  appraiser  of  the  real  estate  of  Scott 
township,  to  the  great  satisfaction  of  the 
public  and  with  credit  to  himself.  He 
was  a  man  of  honesty  and  upright  char- 
acter. On  the  day  before  his  death  he 
worked  as  usual  in  the  field,  but  in  the 
evening  complained  of  feeling  ill,  and  took 
some  home  remedies,  thinking  he  would 
feel  better  in  the  morning.  About  mid- 
night he  rapidly  grew  worse,  and  died 
early  Wednesday  morning  of  heart  di- 
sease before  a  physician  could  be  sum- 
moned. His  health  failed  about  one  year 
before  his  death  when  he  had  an  attack 
of  the  "grip,"  from  which  he  never  re- 
covered. He  died  June  24,  1891.  His 
funeral  occurred  on  Friday  following  his 
death  from  the  M.,E.  Church,  of  Greens- 
burg,  the  services  being  preached  by  Rev. 
S.  Kaiser,  of  Gibsonburg,  the  text  se- 
lected being  Matthew  vi:  25.  The  inter- 
ment was  made  in  Metzger  Cemetery. 

Mrs.  Tinney,  widow  of  our  subject, 
was  born  at  Fremont,  March  7,  1841. 
When  she  was  a  child  her  parents  came 
to  Scott  township,  where  her  father 
cleared  a  farm  and  made  a  home  for  him- 
self and  family.  For  fourteen  years  he 
was  assessor  of  Scott  township,  and  was 
an  esteemed  citizen  of  the  community  in 
which  he  lived.  Mrs.  Tinney  was  edu- 
cated in  the  public  schools  of  Scott  town- 

Alfred  W.  Tinney,  the  son  of  Jackson 
Tinney,  was  born  May  7,  1864,  on  the 
farm  where  he  now  lives.  He  was  edu- 
cated in  the  common  schools  of  the  town- 
ship, in  the  Fremont  High  School,  and 
Normal  at  Ada.  For  several  years  he  has 
been  one  of  the  most  successful  teachers 
of  Sandusky  county,  and  is  pronounced 
by  those  who  know  him  as  one  of  the 
ablest  young  men  of  Scott  township.  In 
addition  to  his  school  work  he  carries  on 
the  old  farm  of  his  father  as  well  as  a 
small  farm  of  his  own.  He  is  always 
found  attending  to  his  business,  never  hav- 

ing any  time  for  the  frivolous  things  of 
life.  Cora,  his  sister,  now  Mrs.  Kleinhen, 
was  born  August  8,  1868,  and  acquired  a 
common-school  education  at  home.  She 
was  married  June  2,  1893,  to  Oscar  Klein- 
hen,  and  they  now  live  at  Tinney;  they 
have  one  child,  Ida  Loree,  born  August, 

who  now  lives  a  quiet  and  peace- 
ful life  on  his  well-improved  farm 
near  Green  Spring,  Sandusky 
county,  after  a  thoroughly  successful  and 
prosperous  career  on  the  great  inland 
lakes,  is  by  birth  an  Englishman;  but  it 
would  be  difficult  to  find  in  this  coun- 
try a  native-born  citizen  more  intensly 
patriotic  than  he.  His  ancestry  were 
liberty-loving  people,  and  Captain  Laun- 
dy  reveres  the  stars  and  stripes  as  the 
only  flag  to  which  he  now  owes  any  alle- 

He  was  born  in  the  county  of  Essex, 
England,  April  26,  1842,  and  is  a  son  of 
Henry  and  Sarah  Ann  (Fletcher)  Laundy, 
people  of  Cambridgeshire,  England,  the 
former  of  whom  was  a  gardener  for  Sir 
John  Young.  Grandmother  Laundy  was 
a  preacher  in  the  Friends  Church  in  Eng- 
land, and  in  her  old  age  wrote  many 
letters  to  her  descendants  in  America. 
The  father  of  Henry  Laundy  was  a  re- 
ligious refugee  in  England  from  Germany. 
Sarah  Ann  Fletcher,  wife  of  Henry  Laun- 
dy, was  an  Episcopalian.  When  William 
J.  was  a  small  child  his  parents  emigrated 
to  Canada  from  England  in  a  sailing 
vessel,  the  trip  consuming  eleven  weeks. 
They  located  on  the  St.  Lawrence  river, 
nine  miles  below  Kingston,  thence,  in 
1 86 1,  removing  to  Huron  county,  Ontario, 
where  they  died  at  the  ages  of  eighty- 
two  and  eighty-four  respectively,  eight 
days  apart.  Henry  Laundy  was  an  or- 
thodox Quaker,  a  strong  anti-slavery  man, 
and  an  active  "agent"  for  the  "under- 
ground railway." 



At  the  ajje  of  about  twenty  William 
J.  crossed  the  border  to  the  United  States 
(or  the  express  purpose  of  taking  up  arms 
in  behalf  of  its  national  preservation. 
He  expected  to  join  his  brother  Fletcher, 
who  was  a  meniberof  an  independent  com- 
pany of  Illinois  cavalry:  but  before  he 
reached  him  Fletcher  had  lost  his  health 
in  military  service,  and  strongly  dissuaded 
William  from  enlistinfj.  The  latter,  there- 
fore, went  to  Milwaukee,  where,  in  1S63, 
he  went  on  the  lakes.  He  commenced 
as  a  watchman,  and  worked  up  rapidly 
to  the  position  of  master,  or  captain,  in 
which  capacity  he  plied  many  years  be- 
tween Huffalo  and  Chicago,  being,  all 
told,  some  twenty-three  years  on  the 
lakes.  In  1879  he  had  purchased  his 
present  farm,  located  close  to  Green 
Spring,  Sandusky  county,  and  when,  in 
1883,  he  resigned  his  captaincj",  he  came 
to  his  fertile  acres,  and  has  been  here 
ever  since. 

In  1872  Capt.  Laundy  was  married  to 
Miss  Deborah  A.  Rouse,  who  was  born 
in  Ottawa  county,  Ohio,  December  20, 
185 1,  youngest  daughter  of  George  La- 
throp  and  Mary  (Knapp)  Rouse,  both  of 
old  New  England  stock,  the  former  born 
in  New  York  State  September  18,  1809, 
the  latter  on  September  13,  1818.  They 
were  married  in  Danbury  township,  Ot- 
tawa Co.,  Ohio,  .\i>ril  27,  1838,  and  were 
early  pif)neers  of  that  county.  Subse- 
quently they  removed  into  the  village  of 
Marblehead,  where  Mr.  Rouse  was  for 
many  years  engaged  in  general  merchan- 
dising, and  where  he  to  some  degree  fol- 
lowed his  trade  of  ship  carpenter.  He 
died  May  26,  1853,  and  his  widow  sub- 
sequently married  Robert  Killey;  she  still 
lives  at  Marblehead.  George  L.  and 
Mary  Rouse  were  the  parents  of  eight 
children,  as  follows:  Sabra.  born  Jan- 
uary 8,  1839,  married  Dominick  Barn- 
holt/er.  and  died  July  22,  1895;  Laura, 
born  .August  3,  1S41,  wife  of  John  Bos- 
chen;  Lucretia,  born  Januar)-  10,  1843, 
married    James  Fletcher,    and  died    De- 

cember II,  1856;  Betsy,  born  September 
24,  1844,  married  T.  Sexton,  and  died 
March  20,  1864;  George  Lathrop,  born 
June  17,  1846,  lives  near  Grand  Island, 
Neb.;  Ida,  born  April  24,  1848,  died  un- 
married. May  26,  1894;  Joseph,  born 
July  30,  1850,  died  February  24,  1864; 
and  Deborah.  Robert  and  Mary  Killey 
had  three  children,  of  whom  Frances, 
born  December  15,  1S55,  and  now  the 
wife  of  Frederick  Daily,  survives. 

To  William  J.  and  Deborah  Laundy 
three  children  were  born,  their  names  and 
dates  of  birth  being  as  follows:  Fannie, 
September  13,  1882;  Mary,  August  i, 
1888;  Luff,  August  19,  1893.  Capt. 
Laundy  is  a  man  of  extensive  information 
and  broad  and  liberal  views.  He  has 
been  a  great  traveler,  and  his  wide  ex- 
perience in  life  has  left  upon  his  receptive 
mind  deep  impressions,  thoroughly  as- 
similated by  his  reflective  faculties.  His 
wife  is  a  bright,  sensible  business  woman, 
and  the  devoted  couple  have  the  universal 
esteem  of  the  community  in  which  they 

pioneer  of  the  Black  Swamp,  a 
region  lying  between  the  San- 
dusky and  Maumee  rivers,  ex- 
tending several  miles  on  each  side  of  a 
line  drawn  from  Fremont  to  Perrysburg, 
and  as  one  who  has  spent  the  greater  part 
of  a  busy  life  in  helping  to  subdue  the 
dense  forests,  reclaim  the  marshes  and 
change  the  once  howling,  malarial  wilder- 
ness into  one  of  the  choicest  and  healthi- 
est garden  spots  of  the  Buckeye  State, 
the  subject  of  our  sketch  is  well  worthy 
of  place  in  these  pages.  Having  his  resi- 
dence on  the  old  parental  homestead 
which  he  has  so  grandly  improved  and 
beautified,  he  is  able  to  appreciate  the 
marvelous  changes  which  have  taken 
place  in  this  region  within  the  last  half 
centur)",  and  is  worthy  of  the  modest 
laurels  of  pioneer  heroes. 



The  grandfather  of  our  subject  was 
WilHam  Havens,  a  farmer,  hving  in  the 
State  of  New  Jersey,  who  married  a  Miss 
Mackley,  and  about  the  year  1815  re- 
moved with  his  family  of  eight  children 
to  Franklin  county,  Ohio,  and  settled  on 
Black  Lick  creek,  about  twelve  miles 
east  of  Columbus.  Here,  after  experi- 
encing the  usual  vicissitudes  of  pioneer 
life,  he  died  in  1820;  his  wife  passed 
away  twenty  years  later.  Their  children 
were  Mary,  Thomas,  Susan,  John,  Sarah, 
Henry,  Martha  and  William,  all  now 
dead  e.xcept  William,  who  is  eighty-one 
years  of  age. 

Henry  Havens,  the  father  of  our  sub- 
ject, was  born  in  New  Jersey,  in  1809, 
and  at  the  age  of  six  years  came  with 
his  father's  family  to  Ohio.  He  grew 
up  on  the  home  farm  in  Franklin  coun- 
ty, his  educational  advantages  being 
very  limited.  In  the  fall  of  1 831,  having 
saved  up  his  hard-earned  money,  he  came 
to  Sandusky  county  and  entered  160  acres 
of  government  land  in  Section  10,  Jack- 
son township,  at  $1.25  per  acre.  He 
was  married  the  same  year  to  Miss  Sarah 
lams  (daughter  of  Hugh  lams,  who  died 
in  1837),  and  on  March  10,  1832,  moved 
upon  his  farm  in  the  Black  Swamp.  The 
moving  party  were  ten  days  on  the  way 
through  the  forests,  being  obliged  to  cut 
out  their  way  as  they  went  among  logs 
and  underbrush.  They  built  a  double 
log  cabin  in  which  they  lived  comfortably 
for  twelve  years,  when  they  built  a  frame 
residence,  and  herein  he  resided  until 
within  one  year  of  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred in  1853,  when  he  was  aged  forty- 
four  years;  his  wife  died  in  185  i,  at  the 
age  of  thirty-eight.  Their  children  were 
William  J.,  Hugh,  Birchard,  Mahala, 
Ora  and  Mary  J.  Henry  Havens  was  a 
highly-respected  citizen,  and  held  the 
office  of  justice  of  the  peace  in  his  town- 
ship for  a  term  of  years.  He  was  one 
of  the  jurors  in  the  first  murder  trial  ever 
held  in  Lower  Sandusky,  known  as  the 
Sperry  case. 

William  J.  Havens  was  born  Decem- 
ber 13,  1833,  in  Jackson  township.  He 
received  only  a  common-school  education, 
but  by  reading  and  observation  he  has 
developed  a  broad  and  liberal  intelligence. 
For  many  years  he  has  been  engaged  in 
mixed  farming,  the  raising  of  grain  and 
live  stock  of  superior  quality,  and  at  one 
time  was  the  owner  of  over  five  hundred 
acres  of  land,  only  two  hundred  acres  of 
which  he  now  retains,  having  divided  the 
remainder  among  his  sons.  He  has  given 
special  attention  to  the  breeding  and  fat- 
tening of  fine  hogs,  while  his  farm  is  a 
model  one  in  point  of  culture.  Mr. 
Havens  is  a  public-spirited  citizen,  and 
has  held  various  offices  of  honor  and  trust 
in  his  community,  such  as  land  appraiser, 
town  clerk,  treasurer,  trustee,  and  mem- 
ber of  the  board  of  education.  In  1S63 
he  enlisted  in  Company  B,  Fiftieth  Regi- 
ment, Ohio  Home  Guards,  became  first 
lieutenant  of  his  company,  and  in  the  fall 
of  that  year  assisted  in  the  guarding  of 
Johnson's  Island,  in  Sandusky  Bay,  where 
Rebel  officers  were  confined  as  prisoners 
of  war.  In  the  spring  of  1864,  when 
Abraham  Lincoln  called  on  Ohio  for 
troops,  and  Gov.  Brough  responded  with 
40,000  Home  Guards,  Mr.  Havens  went 
with  his  regiment  to  Cleveland,  Ohio, 
where,  after  consolidation  with  other 
companies,  they  were  mustered  into  the 
United  States  service,  and  he  took  his 
place  as  first  lieutenant  of  Company  H, 
One  Hundred  and  Sixty-ninth  O.  V.  I. 
They  were  sent  to  the  defense  of  Wash- 
ington, D.  C. ,  and  were  also  located  four 
months  at  Fort  Ethan  Allen,  Va.,  where 
Mr.  Havens  was  taken  down  with  malar- 
ial fever,  which  impaired  his  health  and 
rendered  him  unfit  for  service.  After 
returning  with  his  regiment  he  resumed 
farming.  Mr.  Havens  is  a  member  of 
the  Sandusky  County  Pioneer  and  Histor- 
ical Society,  of  Manville  Moore  Post,  G. 
A.  R.,  Fremont,  and  of  the  One  Hundred 
and  Sixty-ninth  O.  V.  I.  Regimental  As- 
sociation.   He  is  a  Republican  in  politics. 



and  in  religious  affiliation  is  a  member  of 
the  U.  B.  Church,  with  which  he  and  his 
wife  united  in  18O8. 

On  October  i,  1852.  William  J.  Hav- 
ens married  Miss  Ann  M.  Padcn.  daufjhter 
of  Alexander  and  Maria  ReMisbur;;)  Paden, 
who  migrated  from  Maryland,  where 
they  were  both  born,  the  father  in  Hagers- 
town,  the  mother  in  Middletown.  The 
children  born  to  this  union  were  George 
W. ,  who  married  Marcella  Swickard,  and 
has  two  children — Frank  and  Dora;  Ann 
Rebecca,  who  married  Jerome  N'oorhies, 
and  haii  two  children — Stella  who  dietl 
at  the  age  of  seven  years)  and  Lula;  John 
F..  who  married  for  his  first  wife  Ann 
Fry  (by  whom  he  had  one  child,  Ida), 
and  after  her  death  weddeti  Miss  Fanny 
Winters,  by  whom  he  had  four  children; 
Charles,  who  married  Miss  Celiette  War- 
ner, and  has  two  children,  Milo  and  Rus- 
sell; Frank,  who  married  Avikia  Winters, 
and  whose  children  are  Flavel.  Robert, 
Essie,  Ray.  and  one  son  unnamed;  James, 
who  died  in  Denver.  Col.,  at  the  age  of 
twenty  years;  two  children  who  died  in 
infancy;  Emma  Jane,  who  married  C.  C. 
Ritter.  and  has  one  child,  \irgil;  Orrviile. 
who  married  Miss  Cora  Fought,  daughter 
of  William  Fought,  of  dibsonburg,  Ohio, 
and  whose  children  are  Chattie  and  Orlie. 

SOLOMON  S.   WRIGHT,   an  hon- 
ored  pioneer  of    Scott   township. 
Sandusky  county,  was  born  in  St. 
Lawrence  county.    N.    Y..  August 
35.  1816,  and  died  in    Helena,  Sandusky 
county.  Ohio.  June  5,   1892. 

He  came  to  Ohio  with  his  parents  in 
1835,  settling  in  Scott  township,  whore 
he  resided  until  1877,  when  he  purchaseil 
a  store  in  the  village  of  Millersville.  Mr. 
Wright,  like  his  brother,  settli-d  in  Scott 
township  when  it  was  comparatively  a 
wilderness,  and  lived,  not  only  to  see  it 
one  of  the  best  agricultural  townships  in 
Sandusky  county,  but  helped  to  make  it 
such,  clearing  and  making  for  himself  a 

good  home,  and  an  excellent  start  in  life 
for  his  children.  In  1856  he  was  married 
I  to  Miss  Louesa  Brownell.  formerly  of 
Rhode  Island.  Mr.  Wright  began  his 
career  as  a  merchant  in  the  little  village 
of  Greensburgh  (Tinney),  in  1856.  and 
the  firm  of  S.  S.  Wright  &  Brother  was 
well  and  favorably  known  throughout 
Sandusky  and  adjoining  counties  as  one 
of  the  most  substantial  county  general 
merchants  in  that  part  of  the  State.  Mr. 
Wright  was  a  man  noted  for  his  integrity 
and  uprightness  of  character.  He  left  a 
wife  and  two  sons.  His  funeral  services 
were  held  at  his  residence  at  Helena. 
June  7,  1892.  the  sermon  being  preached 
by  Rev.  Schumaker.  of  Tiffin,  and  the  in- 
terment was  made  in  Mctzgcr  Cemetery. 
His  wife.  Louesa  Brownell.  was  born 
October  12.  1837.  in  Rhode  Island,  and 
now  makes  her  home  near  Fremont. 
Her  father.  Horace  Brownell.  was  a  na- 
tive of  Rhode  Island,  born  in  181  1.  In 
1S30  he  came  to  Ohio,  bought  a  farm  in 
Scott  township,  where  he  died  June  10, 
1869.  He  was  one  of  the  pioneers  of 
Scott  township,  making  for  himself  and 
family  a  comfortable  home  from  the 
wilderness  where  he  first  located.  His 
wife  was  born  in  Rhode  Island  in  1813, 
and  died  at  Gibsonburg.  in  February. 
1887.  She  was  the  daughter  of  Amasa 
and  Debora  (Ross)  Harris,  who  were  the 
parents  of  four  children:  Elias;  Louesa. 
born  October  12.  1837;  Julia,  born  May 
15,  1842;  and  Mary,  born  October  12. 
1844.  Louesa  Brownell  s  ^^!rs.  Wright 
paternal  grandfather.  George  Brownell. 
was  born  alxiut  1786;  his  wife.  Mary 
Bussey,  was  born  about  1790.  They 
had  one  child.  Horace  Brownell.  Mrs. 
Wright's  maternal  grandmother.  Debora 
Ross,  was  born  about  1773.  and  was  the 
mother  of  a  large  family. 

The  children  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Solomon  S.  Wright  are  as  follows:  Silas 
E..  born  January  22.  1857.  completed 
his  education  in  Fostoria  Normal  School, 
and  has  been  associated  with  his  father 



in  business  at  Millersviile;  on  December 
21,  1885,  he  was  married  to  Anna  Schu- 
maker,  of  Toledo;  about  1S88  they  left 
Millersviile  and  located  on  the  farm  where 
he  now  lives,  and  where  he  has  erected  a 
good  house  and  outbuildings.  Mr.  Wright 
is  a  member  of  the  I.  O.  O.  F. ,  and  politic- 
ally is  a  Democrat.  To  them  have  been 
born  two  children — Inez,  born  October 
18,  1886,  and  Martin,  born  January  9, 
1890.  Mrs.  Wright  was  born  December 
3,  1864,  in  Toledo,  where  she  was  edu- 
cated, after  which  she  learned  dressmak- 
ing, which  she  followed  until  her  marriage. 
She  is  the  daughter  of  John  C.  and  Mary 
Schumaker.  Her  father  was  born,  Au- 
gust II,  1829,  in  Hanover,  Germany; 
his  wife  was  also  born  in  the  same  place 
in  1833;  they  were  married  April  i,  1853, 
and  had  a  family  of  six  children.  Mrs. 
Wright's  paternal  grandfather  was  born 
in  Germany  in  18 14,  as  was  also  his  wife, 
^bout  the  same  year. 

W.  R.  Wright,  the  other  son  of  S. 
S.  Wright,  was  born  January  19,  1864,  in 
Scott  township,  where  he  received  his  edu- 
cation, and  at  nineteen  years  of  age  went 
into  the  livery  business  at  Gibsonburg, 
after  one  year  transferred  his  business  to 
Millersviile,  where  he  remained  three 
years.  He  then  sold  out  and  settled  on 
the  farm  where  he  now  lives  at  Tinney. 
In  1889  he  married  Miss  Louisa  Snear- 
ing,  of  Fremont,  who  was  born  March 
2,  1865,  in  Sandnsky  county;  she  was 
educated  in  Fremont,  and  afterward  made 
a  specialty  of  music  under  Prof.  Dickin- 
son. For  five  terms  Mrs.  Wright  was  a 
teacher  in  the  public  schools  of  Sandusky 
county.  Her  father,  Sophferia  Snearing, 
was  a  fine  linguist,  writing  and  speaking 
fluently  three  different  languages.  He 
was  born  in  France  about  1830.  In  1856 
he  was  married  to  Mrs.  Nancy  Miner,  /u'e 
Nancy  Stull,  who  was  born  in  Reading, 
Penn.,  in  1829.  Four  children  were  born 
to  them.  Mrs.  Snearing's  parents  were 
born  in  Germany,  and  moved  to  this 
country  in  1827. 

GEORGE       D.       CLEVELAND, 
though  still  in  the  prime  of  life, 
has  witnessed  a  wonderful  trans- 
formation    in    the     land    about 
Clyde,    Sandusk}'  county,    in    the   village 
itself,  and  in  the   conditions   under  which 
the  people  here  live. 

He  is  the  son  of  honored  pioneers, 
James  and  Jeannette  (Rathbun)  Cleve- 
land, and  was  born  in  Green  Creek  town- 
ship, Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  September  9, 
1838.  In  his  youth  Clyde  was  known  as 
Hamer's  Corners,  and  only  a  few  build- 
ings were  then  grouped  here.  The  old 
stage-coach  lumbered  lazily  through  the 
straggling  village,  stopping  at  the  inn  for 
refreshments,  while  the  passengers  dream- 
ed about  the  time  when  they  might  hope 
to  reach  their  destination.  There  were 
then  no  railroads.  '  The  inhabitants  had 
not  the  thrifty  and  bustling  metropolitan 
airs  of  the  present  citizens,  but  the  trans- 
position has  been  made,  swift,  it  seems, 
as  the  shifting  panorama.  To  one  who 
has  seen  it  all,  as  has  George  D.  Cleve- 
land, the  change  has  been  almost  magical. 
Clark  Cleveland,  Sr. ,  his  grandfather, 
migrated  with  his  wife,  Jemima  (Butler), 
and  family  early  in  the  century,  from  Mount 
Morris, Livingston  Co.,  N.  Y. ,  to  northern 
Ohio.  He  first  settled  in  the  forests  of 
Huron  county,  and  had  made  improve- 
ments, when  he  learned  that  his  title  to 
the  land  was  not  good.  He  then  packed 
up  his  few  household  effects,  and  pene- 
trated deeper  into  the  western  wilderness, 
entering  eighty  acres  of  government  land 
in  Green  Creek  township,  and  there 
building  his  second  pioneer  cabin  some 
time  prior  to  1822.  Here  he  remained 
until  his  death,  which  occurred  in  1S31, 
in  his  seventy-first  year.  The  children 
of  Clark  and  Jemima  Cleveland  were  as 
follows:  Abigail,  who  married  Oliver  Hay- 
den;  Cozia,  who  married  William  Hamer; 
Moses;  Sally,  whose  first  husband  was 
Benjamin  Curtis,  her  second,  AlpheusMc- 
Intyre;  Clark,  Jr.,  who  married  Eliza 
Grover,  and  left  six  children;   Polly,  who 

co.v.vE.voiiATrrf:  BiooR.ipnrcAL  record. 


married  Timothy  Babcock;  Betsy,  who 
married  Samuel  Baker, and  James.  James 
Cleveland  was  born  at  Mount  Morris,  X.  V. , 
March  14,  1S06,  and  migrated  with  his 
father  to  the  pioneer  home  in  northern 
Ohio.  He  remained  with  his  father  until 
his  marriafje.  March  3,  1S31,  to  Jeannette 
Kathbun,  who  was  born  in  (icnesee  coun- 
ty, N.  v..  May  9,  181  5,  daughter  of  Chap- 
lin and  Lucinda  (Sutliff)  Kathbun,  pio- 
neers of  Green  Creek  township,  Sand.usky 
county.  At  the  time  of  his  marriage 
James  Cleveland  had  saved  money  enough 
to  buy  forty  acres  of  land  in  Green  Creek 
township,  a  part  of  the  old  Sawyer  farm. 
For  five  years  he  was  clearing  and  culti- 
vating the  land.  Then  during  one  winter 
he  rented,  with  his  father-in-law,  a  saw 
and  grist  mill  on  Green  Creek,  several 
miles  from  the  farm.  He  supported  his 
family,  and  accumulated  enough  lumber 
to  build  a  barn  on  his  farm,  and  in  the 
spring  he  returned  to  his  farming  opera- 
tions, and  purchased  some  additional  land. 
In  1S41  he  took  a  contract  to  grade 
a  half  mile  of  the  ^faumee  and  Western 
Reserve  turnpike.  He  moved  his  family 
near  the  scene  of  the  operations,  and 
upon  its  completion  five  months  later  re- 
turned to  the  farm  richer  by  $600,  paid 
in  "State  scrip."  A  part  of  this  he 
traded  for  building  hardware,  and  erected 
a  large  frame  dwelling  in  1845.  Mean- 
while he  kept  adding  more  acres  to  his 
now  quite  extensive  farm.  He  was  a 
sagacious,  tireless,  thrifty  pioneer,  and  at 
the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred 
September  1,  1878,  he  owned  nearly 
4(X>  acres  of  land,  containing  some  of  the 
best  and  most  extensive  improvements 
His  wife,  who  survived 
1891,  was  a  woman  of 
and  was  in  every  sense 
ambitions  and  plans  for 
She  ably  seconded  his 
efforts  to  secure  a  competence  that  might 
support  them  in  their  declining  years.  In 
physique  somewhat  below  the  medium 
size,  scarcely  weighing  1 20  pounds  in  her 

in  the  county, 
until  August   8. 
unusual  energ)'. 
worthy    of    his 

'  best  days,  she  left  nothing  undone  to  ad- 
vance the  interests  of  her  family.  When 
her  husband  was  clearing  up  the  farm 
she    hauled     the   rails     which     he    split 

!  and  made  the  fences  with.  Once,  when 
help  was  scarce,   she   fastened  her  child 

I  to  her  back  by  a  shawl,  and.  thus  burden- 
ed, she  planted  and  hoed  corn  in  the 
field.  Her  first  calico  dress  she  earned 
by  picking  ten  quarts  of  wild  straw- 
berries, and  walking  to  Lower  Sandusky, 
where  she  traded  them  at  a  shilling  a 
quart  for  five  yards  af  calico  worth  two 
shillings  a  yard.  Few  pioneer  families 
in  Sandusky  county  have  left  a  worthier 
record  than  that  of  the  Clevelands.  Ten 
children  were  born  to  James  and  Jeanette 
Cleveland,  as  follows:  James,  born  De- 
cember 3,  1 83 1,  who  reared  a  family  and 
died  in  1890,  a  farmer  of  Green  Creek 
township;  Eliza,  born  November  29, 
1833,  married  A.  J.  Harris,  of  Clyde, 
and  died  in  1861,  leaving  two  children; 
Clark  R.,  of  Green  Creek  township,  born 
April  I.  1836;  George  D..  of  Green 
Creek  township,  born  September  9,  1838; 
Lucinda,  born  May  29,  1841,  married 
Horace  Taylor;  Chaplin  S.,  born  July 
28,  1844.  a  resident  of  Green  Creek 
township;  John  H.,  born  November  21, 
1847.  died  October  28,  1879.  leaving  one 
daughter;  Sarah,  born  September  22, 
1 85  I.  married  Charles  Sackrider.  and  now 
living  on  the  old  homestead;  Mary,  born 
February  25,  1854,  married  George  Cros- 

!  by,  of  Clyde;  Charles,  born  December 
30,  1857,  died  December  14,   1879. 

George  D.  Cleveland  grew  to  man- 
hood on  his  father's  farm  near  Clyde,  and 
attended  the  schools  in  that  village.  He 
was  married  in  1864  to  Miss  Rosa  Metz. 
who  was  born  in  Seneca  county,  near 
Green  Spring,  in  1842.  She  died  in 
1880,  leaving  three  children:  Clark.  Min- 
nie and  Olivia;  Bertie  died  aged  thirteen 
months.  The  second  and  present  wife 
of  Mr.  Cleveland  was  Miss  Mattie  Stroup, 
who  was  born  April  30.  i860,  in  Craw- 
ford county,  where  she  was  raised.     She 



was  married  June  29,  1882,  to  George 
D.  Cleveland.  After  living  a  few  years 
•elsewhere  Mr.  Cleveland  settled  on  his 
father's  old  homestead.  He  has  been 
buying  out  the  heirs,  and  now  owns  135 
acres  located  just  outside  the  corporation 
limits  of  Clyde.  He  is  engaged  in  gen- 
eral farming  and  stock-raising,  and  in  later 
years  he  has  also  devoted  considerable 
attention  to  fruit.  He  has  built  an  excel- 
lent barn,  and  his  improvements  are 
among  the  best  in  the  township.  In 
politics  Mr.  Cleveland  is  a  Democrat,  and 
as  a  thrifty  progressive  citizen  he  has  few 

JOHN  FRABISH  (deceased)  belonged 
to  that  class  of  valued  and  progres- 
sive citizens  to  whom  any  commu- 
nity owes  its  advancement  and  pros- 
perity, and  his  death  was  a  loss  to  the 
entire  county.  He  was  born  in  Saxony, 
Germany,  August  16,  18 14,  and  was  a 
son  of  Godlup  Frabish,  a  farmer  of  Sax- 
ony. He  acquired  his  education  in  his 
native  town,  and  then  began  learning  the 
shoemaker's  trade.  In  1838  he  crossed 
the  Atlantic  to  America,  locating  in 
Wheeling,  W.  Va.,  where  he  followed 
shoemaking  for  a  short  time,  later  com- 
ing to  Ohio,  where  he  engaged  in  the 
same  pursuit  in  Fremont. 

In  1852  Mr.  Frabish  became  a  resi- 
dent of  Woodville  township,  Sandusky 
county,  where  he  purchased  one  hundred 
acres  of  land  covered  with  timber.  There 
were  no  roads  in  the  localit}',  and  only 
two  other  settlers  in  the  neighborhood. 
In  true  pioneer  style  he  began  life  upon 
this  place,  building  a  log  cabin  and  con- 
tinuing the  work  of  cultivation  and  im- 
provement. His  task  was  a  hard  one,  for 
his  farm  implements  were  crude;  but  un- 
daunted he  continued  his  labors,  cutting 
down  the  trees,  removing  the  stumps  and 
planting  crops  which  soon  yielded  to  him 
good  harvests.  He  had  to  cut  his  grain 
with  a   sickle  and   thresh  it   with    a  flail, 

for  the  improved  machinery  of  to-da}'  was 
then  unknown.  He  hauled  his  products 
to  the  mill  at  Green  Springs  with  ox- 
teams,  a  distance  of  twenty-four  miles, 
and  there  had  it  ground  into  flour  that 
the  family  might  have  bread.  He  had  to 
go  to  Fremont  to  market,  and  went 
through  all  the  experiences  and  hardships 
of  pioneer  life;  but  time  and  his  arduous 
labor  brought  a  change,  and  a  substantial 
frame  residence  took  the  place  of  the 
rude  cabin,  a  fine  orchard  supplanted  the 
wild  forest  trees,  ditches  for  drainage 
were  dug,  barns  and  out-houses  were 
built,  and  all  the  improx'ements  and  ac- 
cessories of  a  model  farm  were  added. 
Around  the  home  is  a  well-kept  lawn,  and 
in  front  is  an  ornamental  hedge  fence, 
making  the  Frabish  farm  one  of  the  fin- 
est in  the  township. 

Mr.  Frabish  was  married  in  Fremont, 
Ohio,  in  1842,  to  Mrs.  Rosenia  (Walters) 
Bowers,  a  sister  of  Lewis  Walters,  and 
widow  of  John  Bowers.  For  more  than 
a  quarter  of  a  century  this  happy  couple 
lived  together  in  their  cabin  home,  shar- 
ing in  the  trials  of  pioneer  life,  the  wife 
encouraging  and  aiding  her  husband  in  all 
possible  ways.  She  died  in  1869,  and  in 
1870  Mr.  Frabish  married  Mrs.  Hester 
(Mohler)  Tucker,  widow  of  Thomas 
Tucker,  who  was  a  native  of  New  York, 
and  a  farmer  by  occupation.  Removing 
to  Ohio,  he  (Mr.  Tucker)  followed  the 
same  pursuit  in  Madison  township,  San- 
dusky county.  He  was  married  in  Fre- 
mont in  1856  to  Hester  Mohler,  and  they 
became  the  parents  of  four  children — Nel- 
son Tucker,  a  farmer  of  Woodville  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county;  Addie,  wife  of 
Reuben  Clink;  Sebastian,  who  died  in 
childhood,  and  Franklin,  who  died  in  in- 
fancy. Mrs.  Frabish  was  born  in  Basel, 
Switzerland,  in  1833,  and  came  to  this 
country  in  1847. 

Mr.  Frabish  was  a  well-known  and 
highly-esleemed  citizen,  and  for  a  num- 
ber of  years  held  the  office  of  township 
supervisor,  being  elected   on   the  Repub- 



lican  ticket.  He  was  also  a  director  of 
schools  for  a  number  of  years,  taking  a 
deep  interest  in  the  cause  of  education. 
He  was  unfaltering  in  his  support  of  the 
Republican  party. and  in  his  religious  views 
was  a  German  Methodist.  His  life  was 
that  of  an  upright  and  just  man,  whose 
kindness  and  generosity  were  manifest 
toward  all.  He  was  a  loving  husband 
and  good  neighbor,  his  genial  disposition 
winning  for  him  many  friends,  and  mak- 
ing him  very  popular  with  all  classes  of 
people.  His  integrity  and  honor  were 
above  question,  and  his  fidelity  to  the 
best  interests  of  his  adopted  county  was 
shown  in  his  devotion  to  everything  cal- 
culated to  prove  of  public  benefit — in- 
deed, this  Biographical  Record  would  be 
incomplete  without  a  sketch  of  his  life.  He 
passed  away  in  1892  at  the  advanced  age 
of  seventy-seven  years,  five  iiK^nths,  twelve 
days,  mourned  by  all  who  knew  him.  Mrs. 
Frabish.  a  most  estimable  lady,  still  re- 
sides on  the  homestead,  which  is  now 
operated  bv  her  son.  Nelson  Tucker,  who 
was  married,  in  1882,  to  Miss  Emma 
Rearick,  oT  Woodville,  Sandusky  Co., 
Ohio,  and  resides  with  his  mother.  She 
is  now  surrounded  with  the  comforts  of 
life,  and  enjoys  the  esteem  of  a  large  cir- 
cle of  friends. 

JAMES  CAMPBELL.  One  does  not 
have  to  be  very  old  to  recall  the 
time  when  the  greater  part  of  the 
magnificent  State  of  Ohio  was  a 
"howling  wilderness,"  nor  even  to  have 
been  a  participant  in  the  work  of  the  pio- 
neer settlers,  clearing  away  the  mighty 
forests,  cultivating  the  virgin  soil,  building 
roads  and  bridges,  and  subduing  Nature 
until  she  became  the  obedient  servant  of 
her  masters.  Then,  as  the  years  rolled 
by,  these  same  pioneers  have  seen  the  re- 
sults of  their  labors  in  busy  hamlets,  towns 
and  cities,  in  schoolhouses  and  churches, 
and,  best  of  all,  in  their  children  grown 
to  be  strong  and   noble  men  and  women. 

who  take  their  places  among  the  wisest 
and  best  of  the  land.  Happy  the  people 
who  have  watched  the  steady  progress  of 
the  glorious  Buckeye  State  in  her  march 
to  prosperity  and  honor. 

Among  the  early  settlers  of  Sandusky 
county  were  the  parents  of  our  subject, 
James  and  Nancy  (Mickminj  Campbell, 
who  came  hither  December  2,  1835,  from 
Beaver  county,  Penn.,  and  settled  on 
eighty  acres  of  land  in  Madison  township. 
The  father  was  born  March  17,  1796,  in 
Beaver  county,  Penn,  of  Scotch  and  Irish 
descent,  his  paternal  grandparents  being 
natives  of  Ireland,  those  on  his  mothers 
side  coming  from  Scotland.  The  mother 
was  born  in  1794,  in  Pennsylvania,  and 
died  in  November,  1878,  in  Sandusky 
county.  When  this  worthy  couple  came 
west  and  took  up  their  abode  in  Sandusky 
county,  they  settled  in  the  midst  of  a 
forest.  With  the  assistance  of  their 
.'turdy  boys  a  space  was  soon  cleared,  a 
log  cabin  erected,  and  the  almost  inces- 
sant stroke  of  the  a.\es  told  daily  of  fallen 
trees,  whose  space  was  speedily  converted 
into  fruitful  fields,  smiling  with  golden 
harAests.  On  this  land,  wrested  from  the 
wilderness,  the  brave  pioneer  passed  the 
remainder  of  his  peaceful  life,  closing  his 
eyes  in  death  March  17,  1861,  at  the  age 
of  seventy-three  years.  His  wife  survived 
until  November  20.  1878. 

.\  family  of  nine  children  composed 
the  parental  household,  of  which  our  sub- 
ject was  the  youngest.  The  others  in 
order  of  birth  were  as  follows:  Robert, 
born  June  19,  1823,  lives  in  Madison 
township,  where  he  carries  on  farming; 
Elisan,  born  July  17,  1825,  died  May  10, 
1848;  Mary,  born  March  15,  1827,  is  the 
wife  of  .Adam  Ickes,  a  farmer  in  Steuben 
county,  Ind. ;  Daniel,  born  September  16, 
1828,  lives  in  Indiana;  Louise  Jane,  born 
April  3,  1830,  died  August  8,  1832; 
Beisilvc  born  December  19,  1831,  died 
July  16,  1862;  George,  born  December 
1 1,  1833,  is  a  farmer  of  Madison  township; 
Sinthiann,   born    September  8,    1836,    is 



the  wife  of  Jonathan  Taylor,  and  lives  in 
Madison  township. 

James  Campbell,  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  was  born  in  Madison  township, 
August  1 6,  1839,  on  the  home  farm  one 
half  mile  from  Gibsonburg.  His  early 
days  were  spent  in  the  hard  work  which 
falls  to  the  lot  of  a  pioneer's  son,  and  he 
chopped  timber  and  cleared  away  brush 
with  his  father  and  brothers,  the  only 
break  in  the  steady  labor  being  the  few 
weeks  in  the  depth  of  winter,  when  he 
attended  the  primitive  schools  of  those 
days  and  gained  what  meager  stock  of  in- 
formation could  be  imparted  in  that  short 
space  of  time.  He  grew  up,  however,  to 
be  a  strong  and  sturdy  young  man,  and 
in  1862,  at  the  age  of  twenty-three,  fired 
with  the  patriotism  which  is  inborn  in  a 
native  American,  he  laid  aside  his  axe 
and  plough  and  donned  the  Union  blue, 
enlisting  in  Company  H,  One  Hundred 
and  Sixty-ninth  Regiment  O.  N.  G. 
They  were  sent  to  Virginia  to  guard  the 
Capital  from  the  advancing  Rebel  army, 
and  were  on  duty  for  i  i  5  daj's.  He  then 
returned  to  the  farm  and  resumed  his 
peaceful  occupations. 

On  April  11,  1878,  Mr.  Campbell  was 
married  to  Miss  Caroline  Zorn,  daughter 
of  Christian  and  Catherine  (Snyder)  Zorn, 
her  parents  being  natives  of  Germany. 
Mrs.  Campbell  is  the  eldest  of  four  chil- 
dren, viz.:  Caspar,  unmarried  and  living 
in  Deuel  county.  Neb. ;  Philip,  who  lives 
in  the  same  county,  married  Miss  Santa 
Hartman,  and  has  one  child;  Mary,  who 
is  the  wife  of  John  Blausley,  also  living  in 
Deuel  county,  Neb.,  and  has  three  chil- 
dren. Mr.  and  Mrs.  Campbell  have  had 
a  family  of  six  children,  of  whom  one  is 
dead;  their  names  and  dates  of  birth  are 
as  follows:  Eda,  August  3,  1879;  Eli, 
August  I,  1 881;  Nelia,  September  15, 
1883;  Ira,  July  24,  1886  (died  June  28, 
1891,  aged  four  years,  eleven  months  and 
four  days);  Matilda,  June  6,  1892;  and 
Ray,  July  1 1,  1894. 

Mr.  Campbell  has  always  lived  upon 

the  home  farm,  he  buying  the  interests  of 
his  brothers  and  sisters  after  the  death  of 
the  father.  He  has  upon  this  property 
nine  oil  wells,  which  yield  him  an  income 
of  $50.  per  month.  He  is  a  Democrat 
in  politics,  and  a  man  of  integrity  and  good 
business  ability.  While  he  is  not  con- 
nected with  anyreligious  body,  he  believes 
in  Christianity,  is  a  reader  of  the  Bible, 
and  donates  liberally  to  all  good  causes. 
He  has  filled  the  office  of  school  director. 
His  wife  is  a  member  of  the  Lutheran 

subject  of  this  memorial  was  born 
March  17,  1831,  at  Danbury,  Ot- 
tawa county,  where  he  spent  the 
days  of  his  boyhood,  youth  and  early 
manhood.  He  was  a  son  of  Wyatt  and 
Jane  (Kelly)  Hartshorn,  the  former  born 
October  16,  1793,  the  latter  on  Septem- 
ber 17,  1805.  His  parents  were  married 
on  the  1 8th  of  March,  1824,  and  he  was 
the  fourth  in  their  family  of  eight  chil- 
dren: Catherine  D.,  born  March  8,  1825, 
became  the  wife  of  George  Mallory,  May 
18,  1845;  Isaac  B.,  born  November  11, 
1826,  married  Matilda  Bryson,  January 
28,  1853;  Byron,  born  January  i,  1829, 
wedded  Mary  Knapp,  July  28,  1853; 
Sarah  M.  was  born  August  17,  1833; 
Alfred,  born  October  31,  1835,  married 
Jane  Mathews,  August  31,  1859;  Harriet, 
born  December  27,  1837,  became  the 
wife  of  Charles  D.  Johnson,  February  1 3, 
1859;  and  Jane,  born  September  17, 
1842,  married  Marshall  Durov,  March  6, 

His  studious  habits  enabled  Fletcher 
Hartshorn  to  quickly  master  all  that  the 
common  schools  of  that  day  had  to  teach, 
and  to  this  he  added  a  course  of  study  at 
Delaware  and  Oberlin.  At  an  early  age 
he  left  school  to  take  charge  of  his  father's 
business,  and  was  soon  brought  to  notice 
as  a  business  manager  by  the  success 
which    attended    his    efforts.       Soon     his 

vO  /. 



y^     J^/i^/:j^n  * 



financial  abilities  became  well  known  in 
the  commercial  circles  in  which  he  moved. 
His  energy  was  untiring  and  his  integrity 
beyond  question.  His  sagacity  and  in- 
sight led  to  many  desirable  offers  of  busi- 
ness connections,  some  of  which  he  made 
available.  He  had  the  Midas  touch — all 
ventures  seemed  to  prosper  under  his 
hands.  He  became  interested  at  different 
times  in  farming,  grazing,  fruit  growing, 
the  handling  and  shipping  of  live  stock, 
speculating  in  real  estate,  and  later  in  the 
manufacture  and  shipment  of  lime.  In 
furtherance  of  the  last-named  enterprise, 
contiguous  to  his  extensive  quarries  and 
kilns,  he  built  the  work  that  is  known  as 
Hartshorn's  Dock. 

Mr.  Hartshorn  was  a  man  of  strong 
reliance,  resolute  character,  always  re- 
markably reticent  in  matters  concerning 
himself.  In  such  an  active  career  he 
must  have  met  with  disappointments,  but 
he  made  no  mention  of  them.  He  was  an 
enthusiast  in  outdoor  sports,  his  dogs  and 
gun  furnishing  the  pastime  in  which  he 
most  delighted.  He  was  a  royal  enter- 
tainer, and  in  his  younger  days  delighted 
in  playing  the  host  to  his  bachelor  friends, 
and  later  his  home,  until  darkened  by  the 
affliction  under  which  he  suffered,  was  a 
model  of  hospitality.  When  a  student  at 
Oberlin,  he  was  converted,  united  with 
the  Congregational  Church,  and  often 
acted  as  teacher  in  the  Sabbath-school. 
He  was  free  from  narrowness  and  bigotry, 
had  an  open  hand  for  all  worthy  objects 
of  charity,  and  accepted  nothing  but  good 
works  as  proof  of  good  character. 

On  December  9,  1869,  Mr.  Harts- 
horn was  united  in  marriage  with  Ann 
Jemmctta  lilwell,  the  eldest  daughter  of 
H.  H.  Klwell,  a  former  resident  of  San- 
dusky, Ohio,  now  of  Danbury  township, 
Ottawa  county.  Two  children  were  born 
of  this  union — Lee,  born  December  10, 
1872,  died  January  25,  1873;  and  F. 
Pierre,  born  June  4,  1875,  still  residing 
on  the  homestead.  Remaining  on  his 
(arm  for  several  years,  his  time  and  en- 

ergies were  given   to  the  development  of 
its  superior  resources. 

While  still  a  young  man  in  the  enjoy- 
ment of  a  prosperous  and  rapidly  increas- 
ing business,  Mr.  Hartshorn  was  stricken 
with  paralysis.  The  best  medical  advice 
was  summoned,  mineral  springs  sought, 
and  every  known  means  employed,  hop- 
ing to  prevent  a  recurrence  of  the  dread- 
ed malady.  Few  may  know  the  deep 
anxiety  which  his  case  elicited  from  all 
his  friends.  His  aged  mother,  who  still 
survives  him,  with  her  superior  intelli- 
gence and  skill;  with  the  accumulated  ex- 
perience of  years,  gave  her  loving,  watch- 
ful care,  striving  with  a  mother's  solici- 
tude to  lessen  his  sufferings.  His  young 
wife,  with  devotion  unparalleled,  was 
ever  at  his  side  to  comfort  and  cheer,  and 
to  minister  to  his  every  want.  But  the 
insidious  disease  could  not  be  eliminated. 
The  attacks  were  repeated,  and  as  time 
passed  slowly  but  surely  he  was  forced  to 
yield  to  the  blighting  intUience,  and  at 
length  became'  a  hopeless  invalid. 
Through  years  of  physical  suffering, 
though  disappointed  in  hopes  and  aspir- 
ations, his  unimpaired  mind  was  actively 
engaged  with  his  business  interests,  which 
he  advised  and  dictated  with  the  clear- 
ness and  precision  of  former  days  until  a 
short  time  before  the  end  came. 

Mr.  Hartshorn  knew  his  life  work 
was  well  done,  his  loved  ones  abundantly 
provided  for,  and  he  often  expressed  a  de- 
sire to  be  released  from  the  life  which  was 
now  a  burden,  to  enter  into  rest — to  go 
to  his  leather's  house,  and  there  in  the 
beautiful  mansion  prepared  for  him,  abide 
the  coming  of  his  beloved  whom  he  was 
to  leave  for  a  short  time.  He  knew  his 
time  was  very  brief  at  most — a  mere  frag- 
ment, as  he  indicated  by  measurement 
upon  his  wasted  finger — when  they  might 
join  him  there.  As  these  thoughts  were 
presented,  the  light  in  his  dimming  eyes 
grew  brighter  and  an  expression  of  satis- 
faction and  trust  came  to  his  countenance. 
By  faith  in  the  precious  promises  vouch- 



safed  him,  he  had  gained  a  victory  over 
death.  The  tardy  messenger  came  on 
Sunday  morning,  December  22,  1889. 
The  church  bells  were  tolling  the  hour  of 
six  as  the  released  spirit  took  its  flight, 
leaving  in,  our  presence  the  "temple"  un- 
tenanted; the  seeming  requiem  of  the  bells 
unbroken.  The  wife  and  only  living  child, 
though  bowed  with  sorrow  inexpressible, 
could  not  ask  that  he  might  longer  remain 
this  side  of  the  "portal."  For  weary 
years  they  had  witnessed  the  ravages  of 
relentless  disease  ;  with  tender  sympathy 
felt  his  affliction — had  been  "  sad  in  his 
sadness,"  and  now  they  were  "glad  in  his 
gladness"  and  they  saw  him 

Sustained  and  soothed 

By  an  unfaltering  trust,  approach  the  grave. 
Like  one  who  wraps  the  drapery  of  the  couch 
About  him  and  lies  down  to  peaceful  dreams. 

The  obsequies,  conducted  by  Rev. 
George  Peeke,  pastor  of  the  Congrega- 
tional Church,  were  observed  at  the  fam- 
ily residence  on  East  Washington  street, 
Sandusky,  Ohio,  Tuesday,  December  24, 
at  two  o'clock  in  the  afternoon.  Mrs. 
Mary  Robinson  assisted  by  Messrs.  Mc- 
Fall  and  Talcott  of  the  Aeolian  Quartette, 
rendered  with  much  feeling  the  beautiful 
hymn,  ' '  Weary  of  Earth  and  Laden  With 
my  Sin."  Rev.  Peeke  selected  for  the 
subject  of  his  sermon  the  following  appro- 
priate text,  taken  from  St.  Paul's  Second 
Epistle  to  Timothy,  second  chapter  and 
twelfth  verse:  "If  we  suffer,  we  shall  reign 
with  Him."  After  an  eloquent  and  pa- 
thetic address  on  the  sufferings  of  man- 
kind and  the  reward  thereof,  he  referred 
to  the  departed  in  the  following  touching 

"The  scope  of  these  remarks  applies 
to  our  departed  friend,  Fletcher  Harts- 
horn. God  called  him  toward  suffering 
in  order  to  prepare  him  for  divine  no- 
bility. During  seventeen  years  he  has 
been  a  sufferer,  and  during  the  past 
nine  years  a  sufferer  confined  to  his  home, 
shut  in  from  the  busy  activities  he  so  much 
loved.      The  keenness  of  his  suffering  can 

be  somewhat  estimated  by  considering 
the  exceptional  vital  force  with  which  he 
was  endowed.  He  was  a  man  with  im- 
mense vital  powers,  which,  had  he  care- 
fully considered,  might  have  given  him 
an  active  life  until  four-score  years,  but 
his  ambition  to  achieve  business  success, 
coupled  with  a  desire  to  see  all  his  affairs 
progress  rapidly  and  hormoniously,  made 
him  unsparing  in  his  application  to  every 
detail  of  business.  Early  in  his  business 
life  he  paid  the  price  of  his  devotion  by  a 
paralytic  shock.  The  last  nine  years 
were  years  of  patient  waiting  and  uncom- 
plaining suffering.  It  was  a  signal  and 
unusual  providence  that  called  so  strong 
a  man  to  so  many  years  of  trial  apart  from 
that  business  life  with  which  his  sympa- 
thies were  entwined.  None  but  the  un- 
seen witnesses  of  God's  moral  kingdom 
can  know  what  a  soul  so  placed  could  suf- 
fer. A  disciplining  providence  placed  him 
in  the  hottest  fires,  but  it  melted  his  dross 
and  refined  his  gold.  The  result  of  this 
trial  was  an  unwavering  faith,  a  beautiful 
confidence  in  God.  His  frequent  express- 
ion was  'It  is  all  right,  all  right.'  Dur- 
ing all  his  years  of  trial  this  was  his  un- 
swerving attitude.  To  sit  nine  years 
wasting  away  and  waiting  for  the  end  and 
to  feel  '  It  is  all  right '  is  the  very  sub- 
limity of  confidence  and  trust.  His  kind- 
ness was  as  marked  as  his  confidence. 
The  tendency  of  suffering  is  to  make  one 
sensitive,  acerb  and  impatient.  None  of 
these  in  our  friend.  His  soul  was  serene 
and  sweet.  Conspicuous  above  all 
shone  his  remarkable  patience.  He  suf- 
fered and  was  resigned.  His  royalty  was 
apparent  day  by  day.  His  patience 
was  truely  sublime.  No  saint  ever 
suffered  martyrdom  with  more  appar- 
ent submission  and  fortitude  than  he. 
During  my  six  years  acquaintance  with 
him,  he  has  been  to  me  a  constant 
wonder.  To  the  end  he  resigned  in  true 
nobility.  All  that  suffering  can  do  for  a 
soul  seemed  to  have  been  produced  in 
Fletcher     Hartshorn,   and     we    devoutly 



recognize  the  fact  that  he  won  the  crown 
of  spiritual  martyrdom.  Such  siifTerinR 
as  his  could  only  lead  to  humble  trust  in 
Christ.  His  confessions  of  confidence 
and  hope  were  clear  and  explicit.  Pa- 
tiently he  waited  for  the  hour  of  deliver- 
ance, and  after  the  fierce  conflict  of  years 
he  rests; 

Asleep  in  Jesus,  blessed  sleep, 

From  which  none  ever  wake  to  weep." 

The  services  were  concluded  with  the 
singing;  of  that  beautiful  hymn  "  Lead 
kindly  light  amid  th'  encircling  gloom." 
The  burial  was  in  Oakland  Cemetery. 
The  spires  of  the  "  Silent  City"  were 
casting  lengthening  shadows  across  our 
pathway  when  we  left  him  to  his  long 
coveted  rest. — [The  foregoing  is  from  the 
pens  of  his  loving  and  devoted  wife  and 
her  mother,  Mrs.  H.  H.  Elwell.] 

In  connection  with  the  above  sketch 
so  ably  written,  there  is  little  to  add, 
though  it  might  truthfully  be  said  of  the 
deceased  that  he  was  a  man  of  fine  edu- 
cation, broail  and  general  reading,  and 
of  a  genial,  sunn)'  temperament,  and 
every  citizen  in  Ottawa  county  was  his 
warm  friend.  In  his  domestic  life  he  was 
a  devoted  husband  and  lather,  attentive 
to  his  home  duties  through  all  his  under- 
takings; economical,  yet  given  to  acts  of 
kindness  and  deeds  of  charity  where  de- 
serAed.  Always  busy  himself,  he  had  no 
sympathy  for  the  shiftless  and  idle;  but  to 
the  unfortunate  he  was  a  kind  and  help- 
ful friend,  whose  sympathy  was  shown  in 
acts  rather  than  words,  and  in  all  plans 
for  the  advancement  of  his  community, 
his  active  co-operation  could  be  relied  up- 

No  biography  of  Mr.  Hartshorn  would 
be  complete  which  failed  to  make  men- 
tion of  his  most  estimable  wife  and  widow. 
Side  by  side  for  twenty  years  they  jour- 
neyed along  life's  pathway  together,  mu- 
tually encouraging  and  helping — he  a  kind 
husband  and  indulgent  father — she  a 
faithful  w  ifc  .md  loving  mother.      During 

his  long  and  tedious  illness,  she  was  not 
only  his  constant  attendant  and  faithful 
I  nurse,  but  also  looked  after  his  business 
matters,  in  connection  with  his  quarry  in- 
terests, and  in  these  matters  not  only 
proved  her  love  and  devotion,  but  also  her 
excellent  executive  ability  as  a  thorough 
business  woman. 

EDWIN  C.  TINNEY,  one  of  the 
pioneers  of  Scott  township,  is  a 
son  of  Stephen  Tinney,  and  was 
born  in  Niagara  Co.,  New  York 
State,  June  0,  1828.  When  five  years 
old  he  moved  with  his  parents  to  Lena- 
wee county,  Mich.,  where  he  lived  six 
years;  thence  came  to  Scott  township, 
Sandusky  county,  where  he  has  since 
lived.  After  the  death  of  his  father  there 
was  quite  an  indebtedness  on  the  farm, 
but  the  boys  remained  at  home  and  paid 
up  the  debt,  during  which  time  they  added 
one  hundred  acres  to  the  original  pur- 
chase. When  all  was  paid  the  four  chil- 
dren— three  boys  and  one  girl — divided 
the  property  among  them,  our  subject 
taking  the  eighty  acres  where  he  now 
lives  at  Tinney.  On  his  farm  is  a  very 
productive  gas  well,  which  supplies  the 
home  with  fuel  and  light. 

On  November  25,  1858,  Mr.  Tinney 
was  married  to  Miss  Catherine  Wiggins, 
of  Tinney,  and  to  them  were  born  two 
children:  Ida  May,  born  March  2.  i860; 
and  Charlie,  born  September  21,  1862,  at 
Tinney.  Ida  was  educated  in  the  district 
school,  ancl  the  Normal  at  Fostoria  and 
Fremont  High  School.  She  made  a 
specialty  of  music  under  Prof.  Menkhous. 
of  Fremont,  and  for  fourteen  years  has 
been  a  teacher  of  instrumental  music,  she 
finding  this  preferable  to  public-school 
teaching,  in  which  she  was  engaged  for  a 
time.  The  son  Charlie  was  educated  in 
the  Mansfield  Normal  and  in  the  district 
schools.  He  was  one  of  Sandusky  coun- 
ty's most  promising  teachers,  and  had 
also  acquired  an  enviable  reputation  as  an 



editor,  his  first  work  in  that  line  being  on 
the  Daily  Herald  oi  Fremont;  durinjj  the 
last  years  of  his  life  he  was  local  and 
managing  editor  of  the  Fremont  Messen- 
ger. He  died  in  the  prime  of  life  Janu- 
arj'3i,  1885.  Mrs.  Tinney,  wife  of  our 
subject,  was  born  January  22,  1837,  in 
Scott  township,  Sandusky  county,  daugh- 
ter of  John  and  Jane  (Kell}')  Wiggins. 
She  was  educated  in  the  country  schools, 
and  was  for  a  time  a  teacher  in  Sandusky 
county.  When  she  was  a  child  her 
mother  died,  leaving  her  with  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Andrew  Swickard,  by  whom  she  was 
brought  up  and  with  whom  she  lived  un- 
til she  was  sixteen  years  of  age,  after 
which  she  made  her  home  with  D.  S. 
Tinnej"  until  her  marriage.  Her  father, 
John  Wiggins,  was  one  of  Sandusky  coun- 
ty's early  settlers,  coming  hither  when 
the  country  was  new,  and  began  the 
clearing  of  the  forest  and  making  a  home 
for  himself  and  family.  He  died  in  1841, 
at  an  early  age,  his  wife  dying  in  1S44. 
Mrs.  Tinney 's  parents  are  thought  to  have 
been  born  about  the  year  1808. 


LI  REEVES.  A  man  can  not  hold 
public  office  without  either  gain- 
ing the  confidence  and  esteem  of 
his  fellow  citizens,  or  incurring 
their  distrust  and  animosity.  That  he 
can  retain  the  same  office  or  be  elected  to 
others  equally  responsible,  for  long  terms 
of  years  is,  therefore,  proof  that  he  has 
performed  his  duties  in  an  acceptable  man- 
ner, and  is  popular  in  both  public  and 
private  life.  The  record  of  the  subject  of 
this  sketch,  who  since  boyhood  has  been 
a  resident  of  Gibsonburg,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, illustrates  this  argument.  For  twenty 
terms  he  filled  the  important  position  of 
township  assessor;  he  was  a  notary  public 
for  eighteen  years;  justice  of  the  peace 
from  1854  to  i860,  and  township  clerk 
for  si.K  years.  In  all  these  capacities  he 
earned  the  commendation  of  the  com- 
munity by  his  integrity  of  character  and 

upright  dealings,  while  his  genial  disposi- 
tion has  gained  him  many  warm  personal 

Mr.  Reeves  was  born  February  7, 
1 819,  in  Burlington  county,  N.  J.,  son  of 
David  and  Grace  (Rineer)  Reeves,  the 
former  born  in  1 778,  in  Burlington  county, 
N.  J.  David  Reeves  was  married  in 
1807,  and  with  his  family  came  to  Ohio 
in  July,  1 82 1,  settling  in  Salem,  Colum- 
biana county.  Here  he  worked  at  his 
trade  of  a  carpenter  until  1832,  when  he 
removed  to  Cleveland,  Ohio,  remaining 
one  3'ear.  He  then  located  in  Madison 
township,  Sandusky  county,  and  was 
elected  count}'  survevor,  which  office  he 
filled  eleven  years.  At  the  expiration  of 
that  time  he  removed  to  Fremont,  and 
again  worked  at  his  trade  for  several 
years,  when  he  returned  to  Madison  town- 
ship and  there  died  in  1849;  his  wife  sur- 
vived him  until  1871,  dying  at  the  ad- 
vanced age  of  ninety  years.  They  had 
a  large  family,  thirteen  children  in  all,  of 
whom  four  are  living. 

Eli  Reeves  was  married  September 
26,  1844,  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Taylor,  who 
was  born  December  2,  1824,  in  Belmont 
county,  Ohio,  daughter  of  Caleb  and 
Sarah  (Yost)  Taylor,  the  former  born  Oc- 
tober 22,  1800,  in  the  State  of  Maryland, 
the  latter  on  October  21,  1802,  in  Bel- 
mont county,  Ohio.  The  father  came  to 
Ohio,  in  18 10,  living  in  Belmont  county, 
where,  on  arriving  at  manhood,  he  rented 
some  land  which  he  farmed  until  1822. 
In  that  year  he  was  married,  and  then  re- 
moved to  Richland  county,  where  he 
lived  nine  years,  at  the  end  of  which  time 
he  took  up  his  residence  in  Madison  town- 
ship where  he  spent  the  rest  of  his  days, 
dying  in  1S73.  The  mother  is  still  living 
at  the  venerable  age  of  ninety-three  years, 
and  makes  her  home  with  our  subject  and 
his  wife.  She  was  the  mother  of  eleven 
children,  six  of  whom  are  living.  At  the 
time  of  his  death  Mr.  Taylor  owned  a 
farm  of  120  acres,  eighty  of  which  he 



To  our  subject  and  his  wife  have  been 
born  ten  children,  two  of  whom  died  in 
infancy;  the  others  in  order  of  birth  are  as 
follows:  Lucinda,  born  April  38,  1845; 
Melissa,  November  i,  1847;  Miriam,  Sep- 
tember 18,  1849;  R.  D.,  October  13, 
185 1 ;  John  C  ,  April  2\.  1854;  Sarah  A., 
September  17,  iS'o;  Candis  E.,  October 
6,  1864,  and  Grace  S.,  December  27, 
1866.  Nfr.  Reeves  be^an  to  learn  the 
carj)enter's  trade  when  eleven  years  old. 
In  later  life  he  bought  twenty  acres 
of  land,  and  afterward  purchased  eighty 
acres  more.  He  retired  from  active  work 
in  1889.  In  politics,  he  is  a  Democrat. 
Popular  with  all  classes,  and  interested  in 
everj'thing  pertaining  to  the  welfare  of 
the  community,  he  enjoys  the  respect  and 
esteem  of  all. 


CONRAD  OBERST.  Prominent 
among  the  surviving  pioneers  of 
Madison  township,  Sandusky 
county,  stands  this  well-known 
agriculturist,  who  is  a  native  of  Germany, 
bom  near  the  city  of  Lx>uden.  Baden, 
near  the  River  Rhine,  September  10, 

John  Ol)erst.  the  father  of  our  subject, 
was  a  native  of  W'urtemburg,  Germany, 
and  followed  the  trade  of  a  wagon  maker 
in  his  native  country'  until  1832,  when  he 
crossed  the  Atlantic  to  America,  the 
voyage  occupying  ninety  days.  He  was 
married  in  Germany  to  Barbara  Ault,  and 
they  became  parents  of  eight  children: 
Daniel,  a  farmer,  who  died  in  Indiana: 
John,  who  also  followed  farming,  and 
died  in  that  State;  Conrad;  George,  who 
died  and  was  buried  in  Nebraska;  Maria, 
widow  of  F'-t'-r  Bowman,  a  farmer  of 
Jackson      •  county; 

Elizabeth,   .  .1..:;...    ...,  a  farmer 

of  Nebraska;  Catherine,   wife  of  Solomon 

Hineline.  f   •• 

pursuits  ill 

farmer  of  Indiana,  who  served  m  the  Civil 

war,  and  still  carries  a  bullet  by  which  he 

was  wounded  at  Lookout  Mountain.  On 
coming  to  this  country,  John  Oberst  lo- 
cated in  Bay  township,  then  a  part  of 
Sandusky  county,  but  now  in  Ottawa 
county,  Ohio,  where  he  farmed  140  acres 
of  land.  He  was  one  of  the  signers  of 
■  on  to  - 
ntly  he  ,  i 

in  Sandusky  county,  which  he  owned  and 
operated  up  to  the  time  of  his  death,  and 
he  also  followed  his  trade  in  this  country. 
His  wife  died  in  Ottawa  county.  They 
experienced  all  the  hardships  and  incon- 
veniences of  life  in  such  an  unsettled  re- 
gion, and  they  were  often  obliged  to  go 
as  far  as  Fremont  to  mill.  Their  stock 
of  provisions,  at  the  time  of  their  com- 
mencing life  in  Ohio,  consisted  of  one 
bushel  of  cornmeal,  one-half  bushel  of 
U,xi-i:n  roffi.-i-.  forty  pounds  of  maple  sugar 
iiiiil  fourteen  liuiii-jis  of  potatoes,  but  no 
meat  whatever,  and  they  ate  many  a 
meal  from  the  old  chest  in  which  their 
wearing  apparel  was  kept. 

Conrad  Oberst  attended  the  schools  of 
Bay  township,  and  at  the  tender  age  of 
twelve  years  began  to  earn  his  living  by 
working  on  his  father's  farm,  also  cutting 
and  hewing  timber  for  building  purposes 
to  be  used  for  dwelling  houses,  barns, 
bridges,  etc.  He  continued  to  make  his 
home  under  the  paternal  roof  until  twenty- 
two  years  of  age,  when  he  went  to  Erie 
county,  and  worked  for  one  year  as  a 
farm  laborer,  being  employed  by  the 
month.  Later  he  came  to  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, and  worked  by  the  year  for  his  brother 
on  the  latter's  f  r 
.\fter  two  years  , 

ried,  and  then  operated,  on  shares.  160 
acres  of  land  owned  by  his  brother,  bein;; 
thus  engaged  for  several  years,  durint,' 
which  time,  through  industry  and  econ  - 
my,  he  saved  enough  capital  with  which 
to  purchase  forty  acres  of  wooded  land  in 

tion  he  sold  out.  with    the 
going  to  Michigan;  this  plan 




ed,  however,  and  purchasing  another  farm 
in  Sandusky  county,  set  about  its  further 
improvement  and  development.  He  has 
erected  a  substantial  residence,  good 
barns  and  other  outbuildings,  planted  an 
orchard  and  made  all  the  improvements 
that  are  found  upon  a  model  farm,  and 
is  also  the  owner  of  three  oil  wells,  which 
are  now  operated  by  a  Toledo  oil  firm. 

On  September  i6,  1853,  in  Madison 
township,  Sandusky  county,  Mr.  Oberst 
married  Betsy  Florence,  who  was  born 
April  21,  1S32,  and  is  one  of  the  twelve 
children  of  John  and  Lydia  (Roberts) 
Florence.  Her  father,  a  prominent  farmer 
of  Madison  township,  died  in  i860;  her 
mother  passed  away  in  1862.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Oberst  became  the  parents  of  eight 
children,  the  eldest  of  whom  was  Jennie; 
Robert  is  engaged  in  farming  and  bee 
culture  in  Jackson  township,  Sandusky 
county  (he  married  Hattie,  daughter  of 
Peter  Bauman,  a  farmer  of  Jackson  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county);  Ellen  is  the  wife 
of  Augustus  Bowman;  Frank  is  a  con- 
tractor and  builder;  Lucy  is  engaged  in 
school  teaching;  Harry  is  a  farmer  and 
oil  pumper  (he  married  Minnie,  daughter 
of  John  Peoples,  an  agriculturist  of  Madi- 
son township,  Sandusky  county);  Tillie  is 
the  wife  of  William  Peters,  an  oil  operator 
of  Woodville  township,  Sandusky  county; 
John  M.,  who  is  a  farmer  and  oil  operator, 
married  Minnie,  daughter  of  Casper  Dau- 
sey,  an  oil  speculator  of  Rollersville,  Ohio. 

Mr.  Oberst  was  for  many  years  elected 
trustee  of  Madison  township,  of  which  he 
was  treasurer  some  eight  years,  and  dur- 
ing the  Civil  war  he  had  at  one  time  over 
$2,000  in  his  log  cabin  belonging  to  the 
township.  He  was  also  elected  constable, 
filling  that  position  for  a  long  period,  in- 
cluding the  trying  times  between  i86i 
and  1865.  He  also  did  police  duty,  and 
his  service  often  equaled  in  danger  and 
hardships  that  of  the  "boys  in  blue  "  at 
the  front.  He  would  have  gone  to  the 
war  had  it  been  possible,  but  there  would 
have  been  no  one  left  to  care  for  his  wife 

and  children;  so  he  discharged  his  duties 
to  his  family  by  remaining  at  home,  and 
to  his  country  by  helping  to  send  substi- 
tutes for  those  drafted,  until  he  paid  $175. 
He  has  held  the  office  of  school  director, 
was  clerk  of  school  District  No.  9  for  a 
number  of  years,  is  still  serving  as  director 
and  is  one  of  the  most  earnest  and  effi- 
cient advocates  of  the  cause  of  education  in 
this  locality,  doing  all  in  his  power  to  ad- 
vance the  standard  of  the  schools  and 
secure  capable  teachers.  While  serving 
as  trustee  he  did  much  for  the  improve- 
ment of  the  township  in  the  way  of  mak- 
ing roads.  His  duties  of  citizenship  have 
ever  been  faithfully  performed,  and  his 
irreproachable  service  in  office  won  him 
the  confidence  and  respect  of  all.  For 
some  years  he  has  been  a  member  of  the 
band  of  Rollersville,  playing  the  tuba. 
His  success  in  life  has  been  secured 
through  his  own  enterprising  and  well- 
directed  efforts,  and  industry  and  energy 
are  numbered  among  his  chief  character- 
istics. In  politics  he  is  a  Democrat,  and 
he  and  his  family  attend  the  Disciple 
Church.  He  and  his  estimable  wife  are 
now  enjoying  the  fruits  of  their  former 
toil,  and  the  high  regard  of  many  warm 
friends  who  respect  them  for  their  genu- 
ine worth. 


D.  WELLER,  attorney  at 
law,  Fremont,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty. It  is  generally  admitted 
that  rural  pursuits  and  rural 
scenes  are  most  conducive  to  health, 
happiness  and  contentment,  which  city 
life  and  the  mere  accumulation  of  wealth 
can  never  impart.  As  a  professional 
gentleman  who  enjoyed  these  favorable 
environments  in  his  younger  days,  and 
who  appreciates  their  salutary  intfuence 
on  him  in  later  life,  we  present  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch. 

Mr.    Weller    was  born  in   Thompson 
township,    Seneca  county,  Ohio,  May    9, 



i860,  a  son  of  John  and  Christena 
(Orneri  Wcller.  The  father  of  our  sub- 
ject was  born  in  Freeburfj,  Snyder  Co., 
Penn.,  March  18,  1831,  a  son  Isaac  and 
Elizabeth  Weller,  well-to-do  farmers  of 
that  county,  and  who  died  there.  John 
Weller  catne  from  Pennsylvania  to  Ohio 
when  a  young  man,  and  worked  as  a 
farm  hand  about  a  year  at  Osceola, 
Crawford  Co.,  Ohio;  then  four  years  on 
the  njodel  farm  of  George  Close,  north  of 
Bellevue,  Ohio;  then  si.\  years  for  Daniel 
Close,  one  of  the  substantial  farmers  of 
Seneca  county;  then  one  year  for  his 
next  neighbor.  Edward  Kern,  taking  good 
care  of  his  earnings  and  investing  them  in 
real  estate.  He  first  bought  and  moved 
upon  a  farm  of  eighty  acres,  which  in  the 
pioneer  days  constituted  a  part  of  what 
was  known  as  the  Henry  Miller  farm,  on 
the  Kilburn  road,  northwest  of  West  Lodi. 
This  he  sold  a  few  years  later,  and  then 
bought  the  John  Payne  farm,  in  Adams 
township,  which  he  likewise  sold.  He 
afterward  bought  and  sold  other  landed 
property,  until  he  now  owns  about  500 
acres,  some  of  which  is  valued  at  $125 
per  acre.  Mr  Weller  was  self-reliant, 
never  had  a  dollar  given  him,  but  accumu- 
lated all  his  property  by  hard  work,  econ- 
omy and  prudent  investments.  In  all  his 
deals  he  never  gave  a  mortgage  in  his  life. 
His  school  education  was  limited  to  three 
months,  in  Pennsylvania,  but  he  snatched 
many  spare  moments  from  his  daily  toil  for 
self-instruction  in  the  common  branches 
of  an  English  education.  In  185 1,  he 
married  Miss  Christena  Orner,  daughter 
of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  (Keller)  Orner. 
of  Adams  township,  Seneca  Co.,  Ohio, 
and  their  children  were:  Henry  J.,  attor- 
ney at  law.  in  the  firm  of  McCauley  & 
Weller.  Tiffin,  Ohio;  .Amanda,  wife  of  John 
Dornbach,  a  farmer  of  .Adams  township. 
Seneca  county;  M.  D.,  our  subject;  Laura, 
wife  r>f  Louis  Hreyman.  a  railroad  man. 
of  Republic,  Ohio;  De.xter  B.,  a  (.inner, 
living  with  his  parents;  Andrew  J.,  a 
farmer,   living  on  one  of  the  old   home- 

steads; Emma  C,  at  home;  one  that  died 
in  infancy;  B.  Jay,  also  at  home. 

Our  subject  grew  up  on  his  father's 
farm  where  he  learned  valuable  lessons  in 
practical  agriculture,  and  from  which  he 
attended  a  country  school  near  by.  He 
made  such  rapid  progress  in  his  studies 
that  at  the  age  of  seventeen  he  was  able 
to  teach  a  country  school  with  good  suc- 
cess. After  spending  one  whole  year  in 
attendance  at  the  Bellevue  Union  schools, 
he  resumed  teaching  winter  schools  and 
working  on  a  farm  during  the  suunner 
seasons;  by  the  age  of  twenty-two  he  had 
taught  seven  terms  of  school  in  the  vicin- 
ity uf  his  home,  his  last  term  being  at  Flat 
Rock,  Ohio.  .Mr.  Weller  began  the  study 
of  law  in  April,  1S83,  with  Smith  &  Kin- 
ney, Fremont,  Ohio,  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  December  l,  1885,  and  has  been  in 
the  legal  practice  at  Fremont  and  vicinity 
ever  since.  From  August,  1887,  to  Au- 
gust, 1 89 1,  he  was  in  the  firm  of  Weller  cS: 
Butman,  in  fire  and  life  insurance.  In 
1884  he  was  chosen  secretary  of  the  San- 
dusky County  Agricultural  Society,  and 
held  that  office  four  years  with  credit  to 
himself  and  profit  to  the  society.  He  is 
at  present  a  member  of  Croghan  Lodge 
No.  jj,  I.  O.  O.  F. ,  and  of  Brainard 
Lodge,  and  Fremont  Chapter,  F.  &  \.  M., 
also  of  the  Knights  of  Pythias,  Clyde. 
Ohio,  and  last,  but  not  least,  of  the  Fre- 
mont German  .Aid  Society. 

Mr.  Weller  was  married  January  30. 
1889,  to  Miss  Carrie  Smith,  daughter  of 
S.  H.  Smith,  grain  and  lumber  merchant, 
of  Green  Spring,  Ohio.  Her  mother's 
name  was  Van  Sickle.  Both  of  her  par- 
ents came  from  New  Jersey.  She  was 
reared  at  Green  Spring,  attended  the 
I'nion  schools  of  that  village  and  then  the 
academy,  from  which  she  was  the  first 
graduate,  and  had  the  honor  of  receiving 
her  diploma  from  the  hands  of  ex-Presi- 
dent K.  B.  Hayes,  chairman  of  the  board 
of  trustees  of  that  instituti<jn.  She  after- 
wards taught  school  in  Seneca  county, 
and  later  took  a  course  in  painting  in  an 



art  school  at  Cleveland,  Ohio.  In  addi- 
tion to  his  law  practice,  Mr.  Weller  is  at 
present  engaged  in  a  general  loan  and  real- 
estate  business.  He  is  the  owner  of 
landed  property  in  the  oil  and  gas  region, 
Wood  county,  where  he  has  several  oil 
wells  in  operation.  In  politics  he  is  a 
Democrat;  his  wife  is  a  member  of  the 
Presbyterian  Church. 

one  of  the  best  known  old  pioneers 
of  Green  Creek  township,  San- 
dusky county.  He  was  born  in 
Heath,  Franklin  Co.,  Mass.,  April  9, 
181 5,  son  of  David  and  Sylva  (Roach) 
Streeter,  the  former  of  whom  was  a 
native  of  the  same  county,  and  a  farmer 
by  occupation.  He  was  a  lifelong  resi- 
dent of  Massachusetts,  where  he  died  at 
the  age  of  seventy  years;  the  mother  died 
when  about  sixty  years  of  age.  The 
family  is  one  of  old  New  England  stock. 
Our  subject  broke  away  from  the  an- 
cestral ties  in  his  young  manhood  at  the 
age  of  twenty-two  years,  and  sought  a 
home  in  the  then  distant  West.  In  1837 
he  disposed  of  his  interest  in  the  home- 
stead, and  in  the  fall  of  the  same  year 
came  to  Ohio  by  means  that  now  seem 
insufferably  tedious  and  slow.  He  settled 
on  a  farm  in  York  township,  Sandusky 
county,  which  he  opened  up,  erecting  a 
small  dwelling.  On  December  3,  1835, 
he  had  married  Miss  Louisa  Kennedy,  and 
to  them  were  born  four  children:  Edward, 
born  in  Heath,  Mass.,  June  25,  1837; 
Albert,  born  September  29,  1839;  and 
Alonzo  and  Lorenzo,  born  June  25,  1842, 
the  latter  of  whom  died  September  30, 
1 851;  the  mother  passed  from  earth  De- 
cember 26,  1851.  Thus  within  the  space 
of  three  short  months  Mr.  Streeter  lost 
a  dear  child,  and  the  partner  of  his  youth, 
who  died  with  the  confident  hope  of 
Heaven  and  a  bright  place  on  the  Resur- 
rection morn.  Edward,  the  eldest  son, 
is  married,  and  had  five  children — Lydia, 

Charles,  Ira,  Louisa  and  Levi — of  whom 
Louisa  died  while  young.  Albert,  the 
second  son,  married  and  had  four  chil- 
dren— Minnie,  George,  Alice  and  Mabel — 
the  last  named  dying  young.  Alonzo 
married,  and  had  seven  children — Waller, 
Roly,  Elmer,  Clarence,  Abbie,  Nora 
and  Lena,  of  whom  Abbie  died  young. 
On  February  2,  1853,  our  subject  mar- 
ried his  present  wife,  Henrietta  Clark. 
Mr.  Streeter  in  politics  has  been  a  Whig 
and  a  Republican,  and  cast  his  first  Presi- 
dential vote  for  William  H.  Harrison. 
In  religious  faith  he  has  been  a  promi- 
nent member  of  the  Advent  Church.  He 
has  been  an  eminently  successful  farmer, 
and  accumulated  300  acres  of  well-im- 
proved land.  This  farm  he  divided  among 
his  three  son — one  hundred  acres  each — 
and  there  they  reside  with  their  families. 
In  1882  Mr.  Streeter  erected  a  fine  brick 
residence  in  Clyde,  where  he  now  lives  a 
retired  life,  with  the  respect  and  esteem  of 
the  entire  community  in  which  he  dwells. 

DAVID  A.  C.   SHERRARD.     This 
prosperous    farmer    of    Sandusky 
county,  Ohio,  near  Fremont,  was 
born  January   10,    1820,  at  Rush 
Run,  Jefferson  Co.,  Ohio,  a  son  of  Robert 
Andrew  and  Mary  (Kithcart)  Sherrard. 

Robert  Andrew  Sherrard  is  a  descend- 
ant of  Huguenot  ancestors  who,  having 
been  driven  out  of  the  north  of  France,  fled 
to  the  Lowlands  of  Scotland  and  afterward 
removed  to  Ireland.  A  coat  of  arms,  and 
a  pedigree  in  tabular  form,  were  in  ex- 
istence in  1872,  tracing  the  lineage  of  the 
Sherrard  family  back  to  Robert,  whose 
father  emigrated  with  the  Duke  of  Nor- 
mandy. There  were  two  brothers,  Hugh 
and  William  Sherrard,  whose  father  came 
over  from  Scotland  about  17 10,  and  set- 
tled in  Limavady,  County  Londonderry, 
Ireland.  Here  Hugh  and  William  were 
born,  and  when  the  former  arrived  at 
manhood  he  married  and  settled  across 
the    Bann    Water,    near  Coleraine.      He 





had  a  son,  Hugh  Sherrard,  who  emi- 
grated to  America  in  1770,  and  settled  on 
Miller's  run,  in  Washington  county, 

William  Sherrard,  from  whom  are 
descended  the  Sherrard  families  in  San- 
dusky county,  Ohio,  was  born  in  1 720  in 
Limavady,  where  he  carried  on  the  busi- 
ness of  farming  and  linen  weaving.  He 
died  wealthy  in  1781.  In  1750  he  mar- 
ried Margaret  Johnston,  by  whom  he  had 
five  children — John,  Elizabeth,  Margaret, 
James  and  Mary.  John  Sherrard  was 
born  about  1750,  immigrated  to  America 
in  1772,  and  on  May  5,  1784,  married 
Mary  Cathcart,  by  whom  he  had  chil- 
dren as  follows:  William  J.,  David 
Alexander.  John  James,  Robert  Andrew, 
Ann  and  Thomas  G.  The  last  named 
was  one  of  the  pioneers  of  Sandusky 
county,  and  was  foumi  dead  in  Sandusky 
river  April  21,  1824,  supposed  to  have 
been  murdered  by  parties  who  had  rented 
his  brother  John's  sugar  camp,  of  which 
he  was  manager  at  the  time.  John 
Sherrard  was  with  Col.  Crawford's  expe- 
dition against  the  Indians  at  Upper  San- 
dusky, during  which  he  had  many  nar- 
row escapes.  Robert  Andrew  Sherrard 
was  born  May  4,  1 7.S9,  and  married  Mary 
Kithcart,  by  whom  he  had  five  children: 
Mary  Ann,  Joseph  K.,  David  A.  C, 
Elizabeth  and  Robert.  For  his  second 
wife  Robert  A.  Sherrard  married  Miss 
Jane  Hindnian,  by  whom  he  had  seven 
children:  Nancy,  who  for  the  past 
twenty-one  years  has  been  principal  of 
the  Female  Seminary  of  Washington, 
Penn. ;  J.  H.,  a  Presbyterian  minister  at 
Kockville,  Ind. ;  June;  Susan;  Sarah,  de- 
ceased; William,  deceased;  and  Thomas 
J.,  who  is  also  a  Presbyterian  minister, 
now  preaching  in  Chambersburg.  Penn. 
During  the  winter  of  1894-95  three  of 
the  sons  of  Robert  A.  Sherrard  paid  a 
visit  to  Hurof)e,  visiting,  among  other 
places,  England,  Scotland,  Ireland.  Ger- 
many, France  and  Italy,  in  which  latter 
country    they    trod    the     streets    of     old 

Rome;  thence  they  journeyed  to  Egypt 
and  Palestine;  near  Limavady,  Ireland, 
they  found  some  of  their  cousins  living. 
Robert  Andrew  Sherrard  was  the  author 
of  a  genealogy  of  the  Sherrard  family  of 
Steubenville,  which  was  edited  by  his  son, 
Thomas  Johnston  Sherrard,  in  1890. 

David  A.  C.  Sherrard,  our  subject, 
grew  to  manhood  on  his  father's  farm, 
two  miles  southwest  of  Steubenville,  Ohio. 
On  June  i,  1844,  he  came  to  Sandusky 
county  on  horseback,  and  immediately 
began  to  improve  the  forest  land  which 
he  had  bought  of  his  father.  For  about 
three  weeks  he  made  his  home  in  a  hewed- 
log  house  which  he  had  rented  of  his 
uncle  Thomas,  and  which  was  said  to  be 
the  first  hewed-log  house  erected  in  Ball- 
ville  township,  having  been  put  up  in 
1823.  He  then  returned  to  Jefferson 
county,  and,  on  the  4th  of  September 
following,  set  out  from  there  with  his  wife 
and  seven-weeks-old  child,  in  a  covered 
two-horse  wagon,  arriving  at  Lower  San- 
dusky September  12.  He  finished  clear- 
ing up  nine  acres,  fenceti  it,  plowed  it  and 
sowed  it  to  wheat,  and  then  commenced 
the  struggle  of  clearing  up  a  home  in  the 
Black  Swamp.  His  timber  was  chopped 
into  cordwood,  and  sold  in  Lower  San- 
dusky. In  October,  1851,  Mr.  Sherrard 
took  the  job  of  clearing  off  the  timber  on 
Sections  24,  25,  26  and  half  of  27,  for  the 
T. ,  N.  &  C.  railroad  (now  the  Lake  Shore 
&  Michigan  Southern),  and  graded  half  a 
mile  of  the  road-bed  east  and  west  of  Lit- 
tle Mud  creek.  In  May  and  June,  1852, 
he  furnished  and  delivered  timber  for 
bridges  over  the  Muskalounge  and  over 
Little  Mud  creek,  and  hauled  and  deliv- 
ered timber  for  Big  Mud  creek  and  Nine- 
Mile  creek  bridges.  On  September  20, 
1852,  he  left  home  with  men,  teams  and 
tools  for  Hardin  county,  Ohio,  where  he 
had  a  contract  on  the  Pittsburgh  &  Fort 
Wayne  railroad,  spending  thirteen  months 
at  grading  Sections  43  and  45  of  that 
road.  In  .\ugust.  1853,  he  contracted  to 
clear  and  grade  Sections  2,  3  and  4  of  the 



Fremont  &  Indiana  railroad  (now  the 
Lake  Erie  &  Western);  he  also  sent  part 
of  his  men  and  teams  to  work  upon  the 
Pittsburg  &  Fort  Wayne  railroad,  grading 
the  road-bed.  In  the  summer  of  1854 
the  finances  of  the  Lake  Erie  &  Western 
Company  failed,  and  the  work  stopped. 
In  March  and  April,  1854,  he  bought  wild 
land  in  various  places,  at  second  hand, 
giving  as  part  pay  some  horses  and  oxen 
which  he  had  been  using  on  public  works; 
he  bought  forty  acres  in  Barry  county, 
Mich.,  320  acres  in  Ottawa  county,  Ohio, 
and  eighty  acres  in  Sandusky  county, 
Ohio.  These  lands  he  kept  from  ten  to 
twenty  years,  and  sold  them  at  a  profit. 
In  January,  1858,  he  bought  of  his  father, 
R.  A.  Sherrard,  the  east  half  of  the 
northwest  quarter  of  Section  5,  Ballville 
township,  which  is  now  half  of  his  home 
farm.  He  dealt  in  real  estate  in  Kansas, 
and  in  Putnam  and  Fulton  counties,  Ohio, 
and  he  and  his  son,  J.  F.  Sherrard,  bought 
a  farm  in  the  oil  and  gas  region  west  of 
Fremont,  which  they  have  leased  to  the 
Carbon  Company  of  Fremont  for  a  term 
of  years.  Mr.  Sherrard  was  the  first  man 
to  ship  lime  in  barrels  from  Fremont, 
Ohio,  to  the  glass  works  at  Wheeling,  W. 
Va. ,  in  1864,  and  he  continued  this  for 
eighteen  years,  also  shipping  largely  to 
other  points  for  the  manufacture  of  glass 
and  paper,  and  for  plastering  purposes. 
During  the  Civil  war  Mr.  Sherrard  bought 
horses  for  the  Ohio  cavalry.  Since  1875 
he  has  rented  his  farms  and  bought  up 
live  stock,  cows  and  sheep  for  Eastern 
men,  who  sold  them  principally  in  New 
Jersey.  He  has  now  125  acres  under 
cultivation  on  each  of  his  two  farms.  In 
1 89 1  he  bought  a  farm  of  190  acres  in 
Alabama,  ten  miles  north  of  Huntsville, 
on  which  his  two  daughters,  with  their 
husbands  and  families,  reside.  This  land 
is  very  productive,  yielding  large  crops  of 
clover,  corn,  wheat,  oats  and  garden  vege- 
tables. In  politics  Mr.  Sherrard  has  acted 
with  the  Whig  and  Republican  parties. 
On  July  4,   1843,  our  subject  married 

Catharine  M.  Welday,  by  whom  he  had 
three  children — Laura  A.,  Keziah  W.  and 
Elizabeth  C.  The  mother  of  these  died 
September  29,  1847,  and  on  Febru- 
ary 24,  1848,  he  wedded  Narcissa  T. 
Grant,  by  whom  he  had  children,  as 
follows:  Harriet  B.,  Robert  W. ,  John 
F.,  Emma  V.,  Mary  J.,  Rose  T. , 
and  Ida  M.  Of  this  large  family, 
Laura  A.  married  Benjamin  Mooney, 
and  their  children  are  Lottie  S.,  Emma, 
Mary  A.  and  Nettie.  Keziah  W.  married 
Homer  Overmyer,  and  their  daughter, 
Dora,  is  the  wife  of  Clifton  Hunn.  Eliz- 
abeth C.  married  J.  S.  Brust,  and  they 
have  a  daughter — Ida.  Harriet  B.  mar- 
ried Charles  E.  Tindall,  and  died  Sep- 
tember 16,  1873;  they  had  a  daughter, 
Hattie,  who  married  William,  son  of  A. 
J.  Wolfe,  a  farmer  west  of  Fremont,  Ohio. 
Robert  W.  is  fully  mentioned  farther  on. 
John  F.  married  Jennie  E.  Bowlus,  by 
whom  he  had  five  children — Harry,  Ida, 
Robert,  Zelpha  and  Don.  Emma  V. 
married  Josiah  Smith,  and  to  them  were 
born  the  following  named  children:  Mi- 
lan, Robert,  Jesse,  Howard,  Orie,  Lulu 
and  Granville.  Mary  J.  married  David 
W.  Cookson,  and  they  have  a  son — Clar- 
ence. Rose  T.  married  John  R.  Tindall, 
and  they  have  had  three  children — Mabel, 
Louis  and  Etta.  Ida  M.  is  the  wife  of  J. 
U.  Bodenman,  a  druggist,   of   St.  Louis. 

ROBERT  W.  SHERRARD,  of  the 
firm  of  Plagman  &  Sherrard,  deal- 
ers in  groceries,  provisions  and 
queensware.  East  State  street, 
Fremont,  Sandusky  county,  was  born 
December  21,  1849,  'n  Ballville  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  a  son  of  D. 
A.  C.   Sherrard. 

Our  subject  grew  to  manhood  on  a 
farm  in  the  vicinity  of  Fremont,  and  at- 
tended the  country  and  city  schools.  He 
remained  with  his  parents  until  he  was 
twenty-one  years  of  age,  and  while  yet  in 
his  "teens"  began  to  alternate  each  year 



between  teaching  country  school  in  the 
winter  season  and  farininj;  the  rest  of  the 
time.  In  the  si)rinf,'  of  1872  he  attended 
the  State  Normal  School  at  Lebanon, 
Ohio,  and  in  the  fall  of  the  same  year 
and  the  sprinf^  of  the  next  he  attended 
the  Seneca  Cuuntv  Academy  at  Republic, 
Ohio,  then  in  charge  of  Prof.  J.  Fraise 
Richards.  He  then  taught  four  more 
terms  of  winter  school,  alternating  with 
farming.  In  1885  he  bought  out  the  in- 
terest of  John  Ulsh,  in  the  firm  of  Plag- 
man  &  Ulsh,  grocers,  and  has  since  con- 
tinued in  the  same  place  with  his 
brother-in-law,  C.  H.  Plagman.  By  en- 
terprise, fair  dealing  and  good  manage- 
ment this  firm  have  built  up  a  prosperous 
trade.  Our  subject  is  a  Republican  in 
politics,  and  has  held  various  local  offices. 
He  and  Mrs.  Sherrard  are  members  of 
the  Presbyterian  Church,  and  socially  he 
belongs  to  McPherson  Lodge,  I.  O.  O. 
F. ,  to  the  Order  of  the  Red  Cross  and 
the  Equitable  Aid  Union. 

Robert  \V.  Sherrard  married,  on  May 
18,  1875,  Miss  Clara  A.  Karshner,  who 
was  born  November  23,  1855,  daughter 
of  Daniel  and  Lydia  (Robinson)  Karsh- 
ner, of  Riley  township,  Sandusky  Co., 
Ohio.  Daniel  Karshner,  born  September 
9,  1822,  was  a  son  of  John  and  Christena 
(Drum)  Karshner,  both  of  whom  died  at 
an  advanced  age  in  Riley  township.  The 
children  of  Daniel  Karshner  were:  F'rank, 
who  married  Louisa  Niester;  Charles, 
who  died  in  childhood;  Alfred  L. ,  unmar- 
ried; Clara  A.,  wife  of  Robert  W.  Sherrard; 
Ella  L.,  who  died  when  aged  seven; 
Sarah  L. ,  wife  of  H.  C.  Plagman;  Anna 
N.,  wife  of  John  N.  Smith;  Edwin  U., 
who  married  Mary  Bardus;  and  Willis 
C,  who  died  at  the  age  of  fifteen. 

Mrs.  Clara  A.  (Karshner)  Sherrard 
grew  to  womanhood  in  Riley  township, 
attended  the  country  schools  and  the 
Fremont  High  School,  and  taught  three 
terms  of  school  in  the  vicinity  of 
her  home  in  Riley  and  Sandusky 
townships.      She    now    presides    over    a 

neat  family  residence  on  East  State 
street,  honored  by  its  historic  connection 
with  Gen.  Bell,  one  of  the  earliest  pio- 
neers of  Lower  Sandusky.  The  children 
of  Robert  W.  and  Clara  A.  Sherrard  are 
Blanche  Mae,  born  March  10,  1876,  and 
Zella  Gertrude,  born  January  18,  1884; 
the  former  is  a  graduate  of  the  I*"remont 
High  School,  and  the  latter  is  a  student 
of  the  same. 

S.\LES  A.  JUNE  was  born  in 
Tompkins  county,  N.  Y.,  August 
2,  1829,  son  of  Peter  June.  In 
1833  he  came  with  his  father's 
family  to  Ohio,  locating  in  Sandusky 
city,  where  he  remained  until  1849,  when, 
at  the  age  of  twenty  years,  he  went  to 
Cleveland  to  learn  the  trade  of  machinist. 
During  the  period  from  1849  to  1856 
Mr.  June  alternated  between  sailing  on 
the  lakes  as  an  engineer  in  the  summer 
time,  and  working  in  the  Cuyahoga  shops 
in  the  winter  time.  About  the  year  1857 
he  went  to  Brantford,  Canada,  where  he 
became  connected  with  sawmilling,  and 
took  a  contract  for  furnishing  lumber  for 
a  branch  of  the  Grand  Trimk  railroad. 
He  had  a  partner  in  the  business,  and  the 
enterprise  was  successful,  they  furnishing 
lumber  for  the  western  end  of  the  Buf- 
falo \-  Lake  Erie,  then  known  as  the 
Buffalo  A:  Lake  Huron  Branch,  Grand 
Trunk  railroad.  Mr.  June  next  took  a 
contract  to  build  a  plank  road  into  the 
oil  regions  of  Canada,  at  Ennisskillen, 
which  he  completed  just  before  the  Civil 
war  broke  out  in  the  United  States.  He 
then  returned  to  Cleveland.  Ohio.  In 
1862  he  went  to  Buffalo  and  assisted  in 
building  and  finishing  out  the  United 
States  steamer  "Commodore  Perry." 
and  became  engaged  as  an  engineer  on 
the  vessel,  in  the  employ  of  the  United 
States  Government,  continuing  thus  until 
the  latter  part  of  1865.  .After  this  he 
superintended  the  building  of  a  propellor 
for  the  Fremont  Steam  Navigation  Com- 



pany,  and  ran  her  on  the  lakes  until  about 
1867,  at  which  time  he  started  a  boiler 
works  in  Fremont,  Ohio.  After  opera- 
ting these  works  about  eight  years  he  sold 
out  to  D.  June  &  Co.,  remaining  in  the 
employ  of  said  company,  and  being  a 
partner  in  the  same  until  1890.  In  the 
year  1891  he  received  an  appointment 
from  the  United  States  Lighthouse  Board 
at  Washington,  D.  C. ,  to  go  to  Cleve- 
land, Ohio,  and  superintend  the  build- 
ing of  engines  and  boilers  of  two  light- 
house boats,  the  "Columbia"  and  the 
"Lilac;"  the  latter  boat  is  now  on  the 
coast  of  Maine,  and  the  former  on  the 
coast  of  Oregon.  In  the  fall  of  1892  Mr. 
June  returned  to  Fremont  and  engaged 
in  the  manufacture  of  the  boiler-scale 
solvent,  which  has  been  introduced  into 
all  the  leading  boiler  shops  of  Ohio,  and 
is  presumed  to  be  a  great  success. 

Sales  A.  June  was  married  to  Miss 
Jane  J.  Campbell,  who  was  born  in  Cuya- 
hoga county,  Ohio,  December  29,  1827, 
daughter  of  John  N.  and  Jane  (Quiggin) 
Campbell,  and  three  children  were  born  to 
them,  of  whom  (i)  Adelaide  J.,  born  May 
10,  1857,  was  married  in  1880  to  William 
Waugh,  a  Scotchman,  who  is  a  whole- 
sale fur  dealer  at  Montreal,  P.  O. ;  their 
children  are  Florence,  Oliver  S.,  Marion 
and  William. 

(2)  Peter  J.  June,  born  September  6, 
1858,  grew  to  manhood  and  received  his 
education  in  Fremont,  where  he  learned 
the  trade  of  mechanical  engineer  in  the 
shops  of  D.  June  &  Co. ,  subsequently  going 
to  Cleveland,  where  he  worked  in  the  Cuy- 
ahoga shops  and  for  the  Globe  Shipbuild- 
ing Co.  several  years.  After  this  he  fol- 
lowed steamboating,  as  engineer,  on  the 
lakes  from  1S78  until  1892,  during  the  sum- 
mer seasons,  for  several  lines,  running  the 
"Conestoga,"  "Gordon  Campbell,"  and 
"Lehigh,"  of  the  Anchor  Line;  the 
"Wocoken,"  "  Egyptian  "  and  "  Cormo- 
rant, "of  the  Winslow  Fleet;  the  "  North- 
ern Light,"  of  the  Northern  Steamship 
Co.,  and    the    "City    of  Toledo,"  of  the 

Toledo  &  Island  Steam  Navigation  Co. 
In  the  season  of  1890  he  had  charge  of 
the  McKinnon  Iron  Works  at  Ashtabula, 
Ohio.  He  is  now  a  partner  in  the  Fre- 
mont Boiler-Scale  Solvent  Co.,  Fremont, 
Ohio.  Mr.  June  was  married  at  Tyler, 
Texas,  to  Miss  Jennie,  daughter  of  J.  C. 
and  Agnes  (Boyd)  Jones,  who  were  from 
Beaver  county,  Penn.,  and  of  Welsh  de- 
scent. They  have  one  child,  Robert  F. , 
born  October  24,  1887. 

(3)  Elmer  Ellsworth,  youngest  in  the 
family  of  Sales  A.  June,  was  born  in  1861, 
and  died  when  nine  months  old. 

In  politics  Sales  A.  June  and  his  son 
are  Republicans.  They  are  members  of 
the  Masonic  Fraternity,  the  former  hav- 
ing attained  the  seventh  and  the  latter  the 
third  degree. 

GEORGE  JUNE,  retired  farmer  and 
horse  dealer,  Fremont,  Sandusky 
county,  was  born  in  the  town  of 
Dryden,  Tompkins  Co.,  N.  Y. , 
December  26,  1822,  son  of  Peter  June. 
He  came  with  his  father's  family,  in  1833, 
to  Sandusky  city,  where  he  attended 
school  a  few  terms,  as  he  could  be  spared 
from  work. 

At  the  age  of  fifteen  George  June  left 
home  to  work  on  his  own  account,  going 
with  his  brother  Daniel  to  serve  as  team- 
ster, in  the  construction  of  mason  work 
in  Maumee  (Lucas  county)  and  vicinity, 
and  helped  build  the  first  poor  house  in 
Lucas  county.  In  1838  he  went  south  to 
Springfield,  Cincinnati  and  other  cities  in 
quest  of  work.  He  drove  a  stage  for  the 
Ohio  Stage  Company,  on  the  National 
road,  about  eleven  years,  and  also  drove 
stage  for  some  time  at  Bellefontaine,  his 
wages  being  usually  about  $14  per  month 
and  board.  After  this  he  went  to  Cincin- 
nati, and  engaged  first  as  a  common  hand 
to  assist  a  stock  company  in  shipping  live 
stock  down  the  Mississippi  river;  but  his 
natural  tact  and  his  long  experience  in 
handling  horses  soon  caused  him  to  be  put 



in  charge  of  large  consignments  of  horses 
on  vessels,  as  foreman.  For  about  ten 
years  he  went  south  in  the  fall,  and  re- 
turned in  the  spring.  Having  accumu- 
lated some  money,  he  invested  it  in  a 
large  farm  in  Sandusky  county,  whereon 
he  afterward  settled.  During  the  Civil 
war  Mr.  June  furnished  cavalry  horses  for 
the  Ohio  troops,  at  the  rate  of  nearly 
2,000  per  year.  He  shipped  the  first  car- 
load of  horses  that  ever  was  shipped  from 
Fremont  to  Boston,  and  has  shipped 
many  a  carload  since.  By  his  long  and 
active  out-door  life,  and  his  temperate 
habits,  he  has  retained  robust  health  in  a 
green  old  age. 

JOHN  GEIGER,  farmer,  of  Fremont, 
Sandusky  county,  was  born  in  Baden, 
Germany,  March  12,  1819,  a  son  of 
John  and  Josephine  (Cramer)  Geiger. 
His  father  was  born  in  the  same  place, 
and  was  by  occupation  a  glass-cutter  and 
window-grainer.  He  died  at  the  age  of 
forty-eight  years.  His  widow  came  to 
America,  and  died  at  the  advanced  age  of 
ninety  years,  in  Reed  township,  Huron 
Co.,  Ohio.  Their  children  were:  Law- 
rence, who  died  at  the  age  of  forty-eight 
years  in  Shannon  township  (he  was  a 
farmer  and  wagon-maker  by  trade);  Rosa, 
who  married  a  Mr.  Nesser,  and  died  in 
Huron  county;  Mary  Ann,  a  widow,  liv- 
ing in  Huron  county;  Frances,  who  died 
young  in  Germany;  John,  the  subject  of 
this  sketch,  and  Rudolph,  who  lives  in 
Sherman  township,  Huron  county. 

Our  subject  worked  by  the  month  and 
by  the  year  until  he  came  to  America, 
and  continued  thus  for  some  time  after 
coming  here.  On  March  14,  1840,  he 
landed  in  New  York  City  after  a  voyage 
of  forty-eight  days,  and  shortly  after 
came  to  Huron  county,  Ohio,  where  he 
settled.  He  borrowed  $8.00  in  Buffalo 
from  an  old  schoolmate  with  which  to 
come  to  Ohio,  where  he  worked  for  $8 
per  month  at  harvesting.     After  working 

for  a  while  on  a  farm  he  commenced 
wagon-making,  but  in  about  two  weeks 
he  was  taken  sick  with  a  fever  which  did 
not  leave  him  until  cold  weather — in 
fact,  it  was  the  ague.  He  left  Huron 
county  to  get  rid  of  it,  coming  to  Fremont 
in  the  fall  of  1840,  and  remaining  in  the 
region  of  the  Black  Swamp  about  three 
months,  after  which  he  went  to  where 
Toledo  now  is,  but  failing  to  get  any  busi- 
ness he  returned  to  Bellevue.  When  he 
left  Huron  county  he  owed  a  doctor  bill, 
to  pay  which  he  had  to  sell  his  clothes. 
He  had  had  the  ague  every  other  day, 
and  the  rest  of  the  time  was  employed 
driving  a  team,  but  he  only  received  two 
dollars  of  his  wages  in  money,  the  rest  in 
trade  to  the  amount  of  si.x  dollars.  In 
the  latter  part  of  February  he  had  a  fall- 
ing out  with  his  employer,  and  would  not 
stay  with  him  over  night.  He  concluded 
to  go  away  ten  or  twelve  miles,  to  Green- 
field township,  and  on  the  way  he  went 
through  a  wilderness  and  found  himself 
on  a  prairie.  Here  he  fell  into  a  ditch 
where  the  water  was  up  to  his  waist,  but 
he  managed  to  get  out,  and  proceeding 
on  his  way  fell  into  another  ditch  in  try- 
ing to  jump  it,  this  time  losing  his  bundle 
of  goods.  He  now  was  soaking  wet,  but 
he  had  saved  his  money.  He  went  on 
until  he  saw  a  light,  which  he  followed. 
The  light  went  out,  but  he  found  a  house, 
and  when  the  door  opened  he  dodged  in 
without  invitation  among  a  Yankee  fam- 
ily, with  whom  he  could  not  talk  a  word 
of  English.  He  was  not  slow,  however, 
in  making  his  wants  known  by  gestures, 
at  which  the  Germans  are  so  apt,  and 
was  at  once  providecl  for;  but  he  shool 
with  the  ague,  which  was  worse  than  th< 
wet.  He  got  to  Greenfield  township 
and  then  started  for  Huron.  On  the  way 
he  took  a  chill,  and  lay  down  till  it  was 
over.  On  reaching  Huron  he  got  on  a 
boat,  but  he  was  too  sick  to  sit  up,  so  he 
lay  down  in  a  bunk  and  waited  till  the 
boat  should  get  ready  to  go,  saying  to 
himself,  •'  Let  the  boat  go  where  it  will," 



and  fell  asleep.  The  boat  started,  and 
on  the  voyage  he  got  seasick,  but  the 
ague  left  him,  and  the  next  morning  he 
was  in  Cleveland,  where  he  found  work. 
When  he  was  getting  off  the  boat  they 
stopped  him  to  get  his  passage  money. 
He  said,  "No  monish. "  He  got  a  kind 
Dutchman  to  help  him  out,  whom  he  paid 
later.  Subsequently  going  to  Buffalo,  he 
was  employed  there  as  a  hostler,  earning 
$25.  He  then  took  passage  to  Canada, 
where  wages  were  good,  and  worked  there 
two  years  for  a  Dutchman  at  twelve  dol- 
lars per  month.  His  employer  was  a 
kind  man,  and  paid  him  $200  in  good 
money.  After  working  for  others  and 
earning  some  more  money  Mr.  Geiger  re- 
turned to  Huron  county,  Ohio,  and  bought 
forty  acres  of  land  in  Sherman  township. 
Here  at  Milan  he  started  a  brick-yard, 
and  continued  to  run  it  about  si.x  years. 
He  hauled  lumber  sixteen  miles  with  one 
horse  to  build  his  house,  paying  out  every 
dollar  he  had  for  it,  and  gave  a  chattel 
mortgage  for  a  barrel  of  flour.  He  sold 
these  forty-two  acres  and  bought  seventy- 
two  acres  between  Norwalk  and  Milan, 
which  he  fitted  up  for  a  home,  and  after- 
ward traded  it  off  for  one  hundred  acres 
in  Sherman  township,  upon  which  he 
moved  and  went  to  farming  during  the 
Civil  war.  He  was  drafted  on  the  first 
draft,  and  hired  a  substitute,  but  he  was 
loyal  to  the  Government.  From  Sher- 
man township  he  moved  to  Peru  town- 
ship, where  he  was  again  drafted,  and 
here  he  put  in  a  substitute  for  three  years, 
or  during  the  war.  When  he  was  to  be 
drafted  a  third  time  he  was  exempted  by 
this  last  substitute.  In  Peru  he  cleared 
up  a  farm  of  160  acres.  Mr.  Geiger  is  a 
Republican  and  a  Catholic. 

On  June  11,  1847,  John  Geiger  mar- 
ried Miss  Catharine  Grabner,  who  was 
born  January  30,  1823,  in  Bavaria,  and 
the  children  born  to  this  union  were: 
John  J. ;  Laura,  who  married  Louis 
Hours  and  had  children  as  follows — Fan- 
nie, Metz,  Alpha,  Arthur  and  two  others; 

Mary,  who  married  Albert  Smith  and  had 
children — Rosa,  Alta,  Charles  and  Frank; 
Frank,  who  married  Mary  Hippie,  and 
had  six  children,  and  Mathias,  who  mar- 
ried Ann  Bitzer,  and  whose  children  were 
Herod,  Alice,  Theresa,  and  Ada  May. 
Mr.  Geiger  moved  to  his  present  resi- 
dence May  8,  1891.  Mrs.  Geiger  was  a 
daughter  of  Lawrence  and  Ivatharine 
(Ohl)  Grabner,  who  landed  in  America 
after  a  passage  of  eight  weeks  on  the 
ocean,  and  settled  in  Huron  county,  Ohio, 
in  1839.  Mr.  Grabner  died  at  fifty-three 
years  of  age.  His  children  were:  Mary, 
who  married  John  Suter;  Margaret,  who 
married  Casper  Kirgner;  Catharine,  now 
Mrs.  Geiger;  John,  who  married  Rebecca 
Bigler  (now  deceased),  and  Peter,  who  is 
also  deceased. 

JOHN  B.  LOVELAND,  of  Fremont, 
Sandusky  county,  was  born  Feb- 
ruary 20,  1827,  in  New  Haven  town- 
ship, Huron  Co.,  Ohio,  of  English 
descent,  his  great  ancestor  having  settled 
in  the  Connecticut  Valley  in  the  year  1635. 
At  the  age  of  nineteen  Mr.  Loveland 
left  his  father's  home  and  farm  for  Ober- 
lin  College,  which  was  then  a  manual  la- 
bor institution,  and  here  for  four  years 
he  paid  his  way  with  manual  labor  dur- 
ing term  time,  and  by  teaching  district 
schools  during  the  winter  vacations.  In 
1854  he  took  a  position  as  teacher  in  the 
Fremont  Union  Schools,  which  he  held  for 
ten  years  with  credit  to  himself  and  to  the 
entire  satisfaction  of  all  concerned.  He 
next  served  as  superintendent  of  schools 
at  Bellevue,  Green  Spring  and  Woodville, 
adjoining  towns  in  the  same  county,  and 
during  his  connection  with  these  schools 
he  was  a  member  of  the  Sandusky  County 
Board  of  school  examiners,  faithfully  dis- 
charging the  duties  of  his  office  for  the 
term  of  fourteen  years.  He  was  also  an 
officer  of  the  Sandusky  County  Teachers' 
Institute  some  twenty-five  years.  Having 
found  leisure  time  for  the  study  of  law,  Mr. 



Loveland  was  admitted  to  the  bar  March 
20,  1876,  by  the  district  court  at  Fre- 
mont, but  he  does  not  make  the  practice 
of  law  a  specialty,  preferrin;^  the  retire- 
ment of  his  farm  just  outside  the  city 
limits.  He  is  the  author  of  "The  Love- 
land  Genealogy."  in  three  large  octavo 
volumes,  published  in  1892-95.  Mr. 
Lovelaiui  is  a  stanch  Kepublicaii,  and  be- 
lieves that  the  mission  of  the  Republican 
party  is  not  yet  ended.  He  cast  his  first 
vote  in  1848  for  the  nominee  of  the  Free- 
Soil  party,  in  1852  voted  for  John  P. 
Hale,  candidate  of  the  new  party,  in 
1856  for  John  C.  Fremont,  and  in  i860 
for  Abraham  Lincoln.  From  first  to  last 
he  was  opposed  to  slavery.  He  is  a  de- 
cided advocate  of  temperance  and  prohi- 
bition, uses  no  tobacco,  and  despises  the 
use  of  alcohol  in  all  its  forms  as  a  bever- 
age. He  believes  the  use  of  the  one  is 
the  stepping-stone  to  the  use  of  the  other. 

John  13.  Loveland  was  married  at  New 
Haven,  Huron  Co.,  Ohio,  August  22, 
1850,  to  Miss  Martha  Jane,  daughter  of 
Nicholas  and  Delilah  (Hunsicker)  Watts. 
She  was  born  in  Owasco,  N.  Y. ,  March 
3,  1831,  and  died  at  Fremont,  February 
27,  1883,  the  mother  of  children  as  fol- 
lows: Martha  Amelia,  born  July  31,  185  i, 
died  August  22,  1851;  Nicholas  Eugene, 
born  November  20,  1852;  and  John  El- 
mer, born  December  22,  1862.  On  April 
22,  1884,  John  B.  Loveland,for  his  second 
wife,  married,  at  Fremont,  Mrs.  Harriet 
Newell  Fa.xson,  //<V  Loveland,  who  was 
born  at  Waterville,  Penn.,  February  17, 
1838.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  our  subject 
united  with  the  Free-Will  Baptist  Church 
in  New  Haven,  and  he  and  Mrs.  Love- 
land arc  now  members  of  the  M.  E. 
Church  at  Fremont. 

N.  E.  Loveland,  farmer,  of  Green 
Spring,  Ohio,  was  born  in  Greenfield 
township,  Huron  county,  November  20, 
1852,  and  spent  his  early  life  on  his  fa- 
ther's farm  at  Fremont.  In  1 872  he  gradu- 
ated from  the  Fremont  High  School,  after 
which  he  served  as  superintendent  of  the 

Port  Clinton  and  Woodville  schools.  He 
studied  law  with  the  firm  of  Everett  & 
F'owler,  Fremont,  and  was  admitted  to 
the  bar  by  the  district  court,  March  20, 
1876,  subsequently  practicing  his  profes- 
sion at  Columbus  Grove  and  at  Fremont, 
but  he  has  now  retired  to  his  farm.  He 
is  a  strong  advocate  of  temperance,  and 
in  politics  is  a  Republican.  On  November 
16,  1876,  he  married  Miss  Annie  Parker, 
of  Green  Spring,  who  was  born  there 
July  24,  1857.  They  are  both  members 
of  the  Seventh-Day  Advent  Church.  The 
names  and  dates  of  birth  of  their  children 
are  Bertha  Eugenie,  December  15,  1S77; 
Grace  Eola,  April  25,  1883;  Roy  Dana, 
April  2,  1886;  Daisy  Melita,  June  3,  1889; 
and  Ernest  Eugene,  October  20,  1892. 

J.  Elmek  Loveland,  an  emyloye  in 
the  Carbon  Works,  was  born  at  Fremont, 
December  22,  1862,  and  received  his 
education  in  the  F'remont  city  schools. 
His  present  residence  is  on  a  lot  of  land 
adjoining  that  of  his  father.  On  October 
29,  1882,  he  was  married,  at  Clyde, 
Ohio,  to  Miss  Anna  Murphy,  who  was 
born  in  New  York  city  September  i, 
1864,  daughter  of  Michael  and  Nora 
(Dillon)  Murphy,  and  their  children  are: 
Martha  Hazel,  born  April  22,  1884; 
Herman,  born  September  26,  1887;  and 
John  Talcott,  born  July  22,   1892. 

JOHN  F.  GOTTRON.  proprietor  of 
stone  quarry,  and  dealer  in  building 
stone,  lime,  etc.,  at  Fremont,  San- 
dusky county,  is  a  native  of  same, 
having  been  born  there  July  21,  1855,  a 
son  of  Philip  and  Clara  (F"ertig)  Gottron. 
Philip  Gottron  was  born  September 
12,  1812,  in  Mumbach,  Germany,  where 
he  grew  to  manhood,  and  was  engaged  in 
the  lime  and  the  roofing-tile  business  un- 
til he  emigrated  to  America.  He  was 
mayor  of  Mumbach,  and  at  different  times 
held  other  public  offices,  serving  as  a 
member  of  the  city  council.  In  1834  he 
came  to  America,    locating    in  Fremont, 



Ohio,  where  he  conducted  a  hotel  for 
some  years  and  a  brick-yard.  About  the 
year  1862-63  he  did  the  first  extensive 
business  in  hme  in  Fremont.  He  bought 
a  part  of  the  extensive  quarries  now 
owned  by  his  sons,  and  carried  on  a  prof- 
itable trade,  retiring  from  business  in 
1878;  he  died  in  1881.  He  was  a  Dem- 
ocrat in  politics,  and  a  Roman  Catholic 
in  religious  faith.  His  wife  was  also  born 
in  Mumbach,  Germany,  where  they  were 
married,  and  she  came  with  him  to 
America,  dying  April  26,  1871.  They 
had  eleven  children  (two  of  whom  were 
born  in  America),  as  follows:  Margaret, 
wife  of  George  Engler,  of  the  firm  of 
Engler,  Baker  &  Co.,  stock  and  grain 
buyers,  Fremont,  Ohio;  Clara,  widow  of 
Philip  Setzler;  Herman,  who  died  at  the 
age  of  thirty-four;  Frank,  who  is  foreman 
of  the  kilns  in  connection  with  his  broth- 
ers' business  at  Fremont,  Ohio;  Anna, 
widow  of  Andrew  Hodes;  Anthony  N., 
keeper  of  a  restaurant  at  Fremont,  Ohio; 
Rosa,  wife  of  S.  Geier,  of  Cleveland, 
Ohio;  Barbara,  wife  of  W.  G.  Andrews; 
of  Cleveland,  Ohio;  Adam,  who  is  a  part- 
ner with  his  brother  John  F.  in  the  stone 
quarry,  of  Fremont,  Ohio;  John  F. ; 
and  Philip,  who  married  Miss  Ellen  Hid- 
ber,  and  lives  at  Fremont,  Ohio. 

John  F.  Gottron  was  reared  in  Fre- 
mont, where  he  attended  both  parochial 
and  public  schools,  and  assisted  his  father 
in  business.  At  the  age  of  thirteen  he 
was  taken  out  of  school  to  do  work  in 
lime-kilns,  continuing  thus  until  he  was 
twenty,  when  he  went  to  Cleveland.  Ohio, 
and  worked  a  year  and  a  half  on  Broad- 
way and  Central  avenue,  for  a  brother- 
in-law,  after  which,  in  1877,  he  returned 
to  Fremont,  where  he  has  been  engaged 
in  the  lime  business  ever  since.  When 
the  Gottron  Brothers  started  in  this  busi- 
ness, our  subject  had  only  $20  and  his 
brother  $100.  In  1890  they  bought  out 
all  competitors,  and  now  have  full  con- 
trol of  the  business.  They  furnish  founda- 
tion   stones    for  buildings    and    bridges, 

employing  twenty-five  men  in  the  sum- 
mer season  in  the  quarries,  and  ship  lime 
to  various  parts  of  Ohio,  Michigan,  In- 
diana, Pennsylvania  and  New  York. 

On  October  3,  1882,  John  F.  Got- 
tron married  Miss  Bertha  Andrews,  who 
was  born  June  13,  1859;  she  received  a 
part  of  her  education  in  a  convent  in 
Germany.  Her  parents  were  Christo- 
pher and  Mary  (Fertig)  Andrews,  the 
father  born  in  North  Germany  January 
8,  1828,  and  the  mother  June  11,  1824, 
in  Bensheim.  They  both  came  to 
America  in  childhood.  He  died  March 
27,  1878;  she  is  living  with  her  daugh- 
ter at  Fremont,  Ohio.  Their  children 
were:  William  G. ,  who  married  Barbara 
Gottron,  and  is  in  the  milling  business  at 
Cleveland,  Ohio,  being  vice-president 
and  one  of  the  principal  stockholders  in 
the  Broadway  Mills  Co.,  of  which  he  was 
one  of  the  organizers;  T.  M.,  living  at 
Cleveland;  Catharine,  wife  of  A.  N.  Got- 
tron, of  Fremont,  Ohio;  and  Bertha,  wife 
of  our  subject. 

After  marriage  Mr.  Gottron  moved  to 
his  home  in  the  Fourth  ward  of  Fremont, 
and  during  the  second  year  thereafter 
was  elected  to  the  city  council,  of  which 
he  was  president  from  1885  to  1889,  and 
served  as  clerk  for  four  years  following. 
In  1894  Mr.  Gottron  completed  one  of 
the  most  beautiful  homes  in  the  city  at 
the  corner  of  Birchard  avenue  and  Mon- 
roe street,  where  he  now  resides.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Church, 
the  Catholic  Knights  of  Ohio,  the  Order 
of  Elks  and  of  the  German  Aid  Society. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Gottron  have  two  children: 
Mabelle  and  John  F. ,  Jr. 


ERLIN  BABCOCK,  one  of  the 
substantial  and  popular  farmers 
of  York  township,  Sandusky 
county,  comes  of  pioneer  stock. 
He  was  born  in  Ontario  county.  New 
York,  June  27,  1819,  son  of  Elisha  and 
Prudence  (Hinkley)  Babcock,  both  natives 

cv^'/^'^'i^    '-^^/i'^^^^^^ 




of    Stevens    township,    Rensselaer  Co., 
New  York. 

I£lisli:i  Babcock  was  born  in  1783,  of 
remote  Holland  ancestry,  but  he  himself 
always  used  to  insist  that  he  was  a  Yan- 
kee. He  was  a  Whig  in  politics.  In 
\^2l  he  migrated  by  team  with  his  family 
from  New  York  to  Green  Creek  town- 
ship, Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  where  he 
purchased  government  land,  and  was 
among  the  earliest  settlers,  the  family 
living  (or  a  few  weeks  in  -an  old  sugar 
shanty  while  a  cabin  was  being  erected. 
The  parents  went  to  their  long  rest  many 
years  later,  after  they  had  converted  the 
wilderness  into  a  fruitful  farm.  To  Elisha 
and  Prudence  Babcock  were  born  five 
children,  as  follows:  Laura,  who  first 
married  P.  C.  Chapel,  and  for  her  second 
husband  wedded  J.  C.  Coleman,  a  grocer 
of  Fremont,  where  she  died;  Esther,  who 
married  George  Waldorf,  of  Allegany 
county,  N.  Y.,  and  died  there;  Clark, 
who  married  Ann  Lee,  and  was  a  farmer 
of  Porter  county,  Ind.;  Hiram,  who 
married  Mary  Ann  Lay,  and  after  her  de- 
cease wedded  Josephine  Woodruff,  and 
who  died  in  Green  Creek  township,  in 
1886,  leaving  seven  children;  Merlin,  the 
youngest  child,  is  the  only  survivor  of  the 

Merlin  Babcock  was  but  four  years  of 
age  when  he  migrated  with  his  parents  to 
Sandusky  county.  He  remained  on  the 
old  homestead  in  Green  Creek  township 
until  he  was  twenty-seven  years  old,  in 
his  youth  attending  school  in  winter  about 
three  months,  and  in  summer  two  months. 
For  his  first  wife  he  married  Almira  Uir- 
1am,  a  native  of  Massachusetts.  She  died 
in  1846,  leaving  three  children:  Sarah, 
wife  of  John  J.  Craig,  of  Coffey  county, 
Kans. ;  Callie  B.,  who  married  G.  M. 
Kinney,  by  whom  she  had  one  child, 
Merlin,  and  who  now  keeps  house  for  her 
father;  and  Frank,  a  resident  of  Gibson- 
burg,  who  has  five  chiKlren — Burton, 
Edith,  Amy,  Chauncey  and  Jesse.  After 
the  death  of    his  first  wife  Mr.  Babcock 

left  his  father's  homestead  and  moved  to 
his  present  farm  in  York  township.  Here 
he  married  Agnes  E.  Donaldson,  by  whom 
he  had  one  child,  John  C,  now  a  resi- 
dent of  Nevada.  He  engaged  in  general 
farming  for  a  time,  then  removed  to  Wads- 
worth,  Nevada,  and  there  engaged  in  the 
hotel  business.  After  his  wife  died  in  the 
western  home  he  returned  to  Sandusky 
county,  and  has  since  resided  on  his  farm 
in  York  township.  In  politics  Mr.  Bab- 
cock has  been  a  Henry  Clay  Whig.  He 
cast  his  first  vote  for  W.  H.  H  Harrison, 
and  also  voted  for  his  grandson,  Benjamin 
Harrison,  for  President.  Mr.  Babcock 
remembers  hearing  Gen.  Harrison  make 
a  speech  at  Old  Fort  Meigs  in  1840.  He 
remembers,  too,  with  vividness,  the  re- 
markable change  that  has  come  upon  the 
face  of  the  country  during  the  past  fifty 
years,  and  among  other  things  the  three 
old  mills  on  Coon  creek,  near  Clyde,  that 
ran  several  months  each  year,  that  stream 
then  being  filled  from  bank  to  bank,  in 
striking  contrast  to  the  present  attenuated 
How  of  water.  He  served  York  town- 
ship for  nineteen  years  as  assessor,  and 
has  filled  various  other  local  offices.  Mr. 
Babcock  is  an  upright  citizen,  and  is  with- 
out an  enemy.  At  his  old  home  in  York 
township  he  enjoys  the  serenity  and  com- 
fort which  should  crown  a  life  so  well  spent 
as  his  has  been,  and  he  commands  the 
highest  respect  and  esteem  of  a  wide  cir- 
cle of  friends  and  acquaintances. 

A  J.  HALE,  station  agent  of  the 
Lake  Shore  &  Michigan  Southern 
railroad,  Fremont,  was  born  in 
Steuben  county,  N.  Y.,  May  25, 
1828,  son  of  Samuel  and  Sarah  Hale. 

Samuel  Hale  was  born  in  Massachu- 
setts, and  his  wife  in  Connecticut,  whence 
she  early  removed  to  western  New  York, 
and  there  grew  to  womanhood.  They  were 
married  at  Albany.  He  was  first  a  lumber 
dealer  in  various  sections  of  the  State  of 
New  York,  and  later  a  general  merchant. 



doing  business  at  Tyrone,  Steuben  county. 
He  died  in  1842,  at  the  age  of  fifty-seven 
years,  and  sfie  died  at  Lake  Geneva,  in 
1857,  at  the  age  of  sixty-three,  a  member 
of  the  Baptist  Church.  Ten  children 
were  born  to  them,  nine  of  whom  grew 
to  maturity. 

A.  J.  Hale  was  reared  in  Steuben 
county,  N.  Y. ,  and  attended  the  public 
schools  until  thirteen  years  of  age.  He 
then  served  as  clerk  in  a  store,  in  New 
York  State,  for  two  years  when,  in  1842, he 
came  to  Bellevue,  Ohio,  and  was  there 
actively  engaged  in  business  until  1852, 
when  he  removed  to  Fremont,  becoming 
agent  for  the  Lake  Shore  &  Michigan 
Southern  railroad,  in  1857,  which  position 
he  filled  until  1861.  At  the  outbreak  of 
the  Civil  war,  in  1861,  he  helped  to  raise 
the  first  company  of  three-year  men  in 
Fremont,  and  entered  the  service  as  sec- 
ond lieutenant  of  Company  E,  Twenty- 
fifth  O.  V.  I.  After  serving  with  the 
company  a  short  time  at  Camp  Chase, 
Columbus,  Ohio,  he  was  appointed  and 
commissioned  quartermaster  of  the 
Twenty-fifth  O.  V.  I.,  under  Gov.  Tod, 
at  the  suggestion  of  Gen.  R.  B.  Hayes. 
Mr.  Hale  had  not  sought  the  position, 
but  was  chosen  on  account  of  his  fitness 
for  the  place.  His  regiment  was  assigned 
to  duty  with  the  army  of  Western  Virginia 
and  he  became  senior  regimental  and 
post  quartermaster,  in  October,  1863, 
resigning  his  post  and  returning  to  Fre- 
mont, where  he  resumed  his  old  place  as 
ticket  and  freight  agent  for  the  combined 
offices  of  the  Lake  Shore  &  Michigan 
Southern  and  the  Lake  Erie  &  Western 
railroads.  He  continued  thus  until  1880, 
when  the  increasing  business  of  the  roads 
demanded  that  the  business  departments 
be  separated,  and  he  became  freight  and 
station  agent  for  the  Lake  Shore  alone, 
and  is  now  acting  in  that  capacity.  His 
long  period  of  service  before  the  public 
and  his  excellent  qualities  as  a  citizen 
have  made  him  one  of  the  best  known 
and  most  highly  respected  citizens  in  the 

community.  In  fraternal  affiliation  he  is 
a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Honor  and 
of  the  Royal  Arcanum.  Mr.  Hale  was 
married,  in  Bellevue,  Ohio,  in  1850,  to 
Miss  Elizabeth  A.  Simkins. 

native   "Buckeye,"   having  been 
born  in  Fremont,  in  1S59,  a  son 
of   Jacob    and    Elizabeth    (Vogt) 
Baumann,   natives   of   Switzerland,   who 
came  from  their  native  country  to  Fremont 
in  1854. 

Jacob  Baumann,  his  father,  has  been 
identified  with  the  business  interests  of 
Fremont  since  1856,  and  by  his  persever- 
ance and  strict  attention  to  business  has 
acquired  a  competency  which  places  him 
in  the  front  rank  as  one  of  the  solid,  sub- 
stantial business  men  of  Fremont.  He  is 
and  always  has  been  an  active  Democrat 
in  politics,  but  never  seeking  ofifice.  His 
wife  died  January  7,  1892,  aged  fifty-six 
years.  Their  children  were:  Jacob  Bau- 
mann, Jr.,  of  Fremont;  Emma  Baumann, 
who  died  recently;  Elizabeth  Baumann, 
at  home;  and  Albert  Vogt,  our  subject; 
they  also  had  an  adopted  daughter,  named 

Our  subject  grew  to  manhood  in  Fre- 
mont, attended  the  city  schools,  and  then 
took  a  thorough  business  course  at  East- 
man College,  Poughkeepsie,  N.  Y.  He  has 
been  identified  with  the  progress  and  de- 
velopment of  his  native  city  since  his  boy- 
hood days,  and  has  taken  an  active  in- 
terest in  everything  designed  for  the  good 
of  the  county.  He  has  recently  become 
prominent  among  the  oil  and  gas  men  of 
Sandusky  and  adjoining  counties.  In  1884 
and  1885  he  was  principal  owner  and 
manager  of  the  Democratic  Messenger, 
the  organ  of  the  Sandusky  County  Demo- 
cracy at  Fremont.  He  was  elected  city 
clerk  in  1882,  and  served  in  that  capacity 
for  six  years,  having  been  twice  unani- 
mously re-elected.  In  1884  he  received 
the   nomination  of   the  Democratic  party 



for  auditor  of  Sandusky  county,  and  was 
defeated  bv  William  L.  Baker.  In  1887 
he  was  ajjain  nominated  by  the  Demo- 
cratic party  for  county  auditor,  and  was 
elected  over  Nfr.  Baker,  who  defeated  him 
three  years  previous.  In  1891  he  was  re- 
nominated and  re-elected  county  auditor, 
receiving  the  largest  niajority  of  any  on 
the  county  ticket.  His  whole  time  and 
attention  is  now  devoted  to  his  business 
interests,  which  have  become  extensive, 
mainly  through  his  persevermg  nature  and 
untiring  efforts.  He  is  largely  interested 
in  The  Fremont  Gas  Company  and  The 
Fremont  Electric  Light  Company,  being 
a  director  in  each  and  secretary  and  treas- 
urer of  both  companies.  In  January, 
1889,  Mr.  Baumann  was  married  at  Fre- 
mont to  Miss  Anna  Rose  Greene,  daugh- 
ter of  Judge  John  L.  Greene,  of  Fremont. 
To  their  union  were  born  two  children: 
Albert  Vogt,  Jr..  and  Elsie  Elizabeth. 
To  his  wife  and  children  he  is  devotedly 

C.\PTAIN  O.  L.  SHANNON  was 
born  in  Sandusky  township,  San- 
dusky Co.,  Ohio,  March  30,  1848, 
grew  up  there  and  attended  the 
district  schools.  Being  a  weakly  child, 
the  physicians  ordered  that  he  should  take 
a  voyage,  hence  he  started  on  one  on  the 
lakes  when  he  was  a  boy  ten  years  old. 
He  succeeded  in  sustaining  himself  from 
the  outset,  and  sailed  on  the  lakes  every 
summer.  He  finally  went  before  the  mast, 
remaining  in  that  capacity  until  his  mar- 
riage, in  1873,  to  Miss  Delia  Morrow, 
who  was  born  in  Sandusky  City,  Ohio,  in 
1854,  and  ilied  in  1876,  leaving  one  child, 
Le  Roy,  who  is  now  a  drug  clerk  in  Fre- 
mont, Ohio.  Our  subject's  second  wife, 
Martha  F.  (P'linck),  was  born  in  Erie 
county,  in  1867,  married  in  1882,  in  Lo- 
rain, Ohio,  and  has  two  children:  Wilson 
O..  and  Westford  ¥. 

After  his  first  marriage  Mr.  Shannon 
located  in  Fremont,  where  he    served  in 

various  occupations  until  1874,  when  he 
passed  the  examinations  in  Cleveland, 
Ohio,  and  received  his  certificate  as  mas- 
ter seaman  and  first-class  pilot  on  the 
Great  Lakes.  He  has  sailed  a  boat  near- 
ly every  summer  since  after  his  location 
in  l-'remont,  also  operated  his  farm  in 
Sandusky  township  in  connection  with 
sailing;  but  five  years  since  he  located  per- 
manently in  Fremont.  He  is  still  com- 
manding a  steamer.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  I.O.O.F.  and  of  the  Disciples  Church 
of  Lorain,  Ohio.  His  wife  is  also  a  mem- 
ber of  that  Church.  Capt.  Shannon  is 
well  known  on  the  lakes  and  around  Fre- 

John  Shannon,  father  of  our  subject, 
was  born  March  2,  18 13,  in  the  "  Block 
House"  at  Scioto,  which  was  erected  as 
a  fortress  during  the  war  of  181  2.  The 
name  Shannon  is  of  Low-Dutch  origin, 
descending  from  our  subject's  great-grand- 
father, George  Shannon.  He  came  to 
America  in  the  seventeenth  century,  lo- 
cated at  Schenectady,  N.  Y.,  and  was 
well-to-do  financially.  He  died  about  the 
year  1828,  at  an  advanced  age.  He  had 
two  children:  John  and  George,  the  lat- 
ter of  whom,  our  subject's  grandfather, 
came  west  to  Ohio  in  1809.  Soon 
afterward  he  was  married,  in  Sandusky 
county,  to  Mary  Whittaker,  who  was 
born  in  that  county  in  1 799,  and  died 
in  1827.  She  was  the  daughter  of 
James  and  Elizabeth  (Fulks)  Whittaker, 
who  were  both  stolen  by  a  party  of  In- 
dians from  the  Mohawk  Valley,  New  York 
State.  The  great-grandfather  of  our  sub- 
ject was  about  two  years  old  and  his  great- 
grandmother  about  four  years  old  when 
they  were  taken  to  Lower  Sandusky  (now 
Fremont),  which  was  then  the  headquar- 
ters of  the  Indians  in  this  section.  They 
were  reared  by  Indians,  and  by  some 
means  were  made  head  of  the  Indian 
tribes.  They  were  married  by  Indian 
ceremonies.  In  due  course  of  time  they 
established  a  trading  post  on  the  Whit- 
taker Reserve,  which  was  given  them  by 



the  Indians.  They  also  had  a  trading 
post  at  Upper  Sandusky.  Mr.  Whittaker 
kept  that  post,  and  Mrs.  Whittaker  the 
one  on  the  Whittaker  Reserve.  The  In- 
dians traded,  from  many  miles  around,  at 
Lower  Sandusky,  and  recognized  the 
Whittakers  as  their  rulers  and  chiefs. 
Mr.  Whittaker  had  a  partner  at  Lower 
Sandusky,  and  was  poisoned  by  him  so 
that  he  died;  he  was  hurried  on  the  Whit- 
taker Reserve.  Our  subject's  grand- 
mother died  in  the  spring  of  1832.  They 
had  children  as  follows:  Isaac,  Nancy, 
Mary  (subject's  grandmother),  James, 
Rachel,  Charlotte  and  George.  Our  sub- 
ject's father  saw  and  knew  all  of  them 
except  Nancy,  who  was  married  early  in 
life  to  a  Mr.  Wilson,  and  moved  to 
Canada.  In  1 832-33  two  of  her  daughters 
visited  here,  and  afterward  a  young  man 
came  and  staid  a  short  time;  he  was  here 
at  the  time  of  grandmother's  death,  but 
was  never  seen  afterward.  The  rest  of 
that  branch  of  the  family  died  in  Canada, 
or,  at  all  events,  all  trace  of  them  has 
been  lost.  Isaac  died  in  Indiana;  James 
died  in  White  Pigeon,  Mich.,  where  he 
had  been  a  merchant  (our  subject's  father 
was  there  at  that  time);  Rachel  married 
James  A.  Scranton,  of  Lower  Sandusky, 
and  was  a  prominent  figure  here  for  years; 
Charlotte  died  single;  George,  the  young- 
est, died  in  Indiana. 

Our  subject's  paternal  grandfather 
never  knew  what  became  of  his  uncle 
John.  Grandfather  married  asecond  time, 
but  nothing  positive  is  known  of  their 
history.  He  was  a  farmer  and  a  great 
hunter.  He  made  hunting  his  chief  occu- 
pation, and  employed  others  to  operate 
his  farm.  He  died  at  the  age  of  forty- 
two,  and  his  wife  at  thirty-si.x.  They  had 
eight  children,  six  of  which  grew  to  ma- 
turity: Elizabeth,  married  to  Samuel 
Hubble,  a  ship  carpenter  at  Fort  Miami; 
James,  who  died  near  Oregon;  John,  sub- 
ject's father;  William,  a  farmer,  who  died 
at  Genoa,  Ohio;  Rachel,  who  died  young; 
Samuel,  who  died  at  Plaster  Bed,  Ottawa 

Co. ,  Ohio,  and  Jacob,  who  died  in  Fulton, 
Ohio.  Our  subject's  father,  John  Shan- 
non, is  the  only  one  of  these  now  living. 
Capt.  Shannon's  paternal  grandpar- 
ents went  away  for  safety  from  the  war 
in  the  fall  of  1812,  and  subject's  father 
was  born  in  the  block  house  built  at 
Scioto,  to  protect  the  whites  against  the 
Indians.  While  a  party  of  whites  were 
digging  potatoes  and  tending  other  crops 
they  were  attacked  by  Indians,  and  the 
paternal  grandfather  of  our  subject  was 
so  badly  wounded  that  he  had  to  crawl 
two  days  and  nights  to  reach  a  friendly 
Indian's  cabin,  and  was  assisted  back  to 
Scioto.  He  was  severely  wounded  in  the 
back,  from  which  he  suffered  two  years, 
during  which  time  the  doctor  took  thirty- 
one  pieces  of  bone  from  his  back.  He 
was  a  strong  man  and  a  great  hunter. 
Our  subject's  father  grew  up  among  the 
Indians,  was  a  great  hunter  in  the  early 
days,  and  is  still  a  noted  duck  shooter. 
On  October  i,  1840,  he  was  married  to 
Miss  Eveline  Patterson,  who  was  born  in 
Onondaga  county,  N.  Y. ,  in  1824.  She 
died  October  9,  1893.  They  had  ten 
children:  Sarah,  Emma  Jane,  Julia  (who 
married  Andrew  Franks,  and  lives  in 
Michigan),  Capt.  O.  L.  (oursubject),  John 
W.  (who  lives  in  Sandusky  township),  and 
Fannie  (wife  of  Frank  Scheffler,  of  Fre- 
mont, Ohio);  the  rest  of  the  children 
died  young.  After  the  death  of  our  sub- 
ject's mother,  his  father,  John  Shannon, 
married  Mrs.  Sophia  Peter,  who  was  a 
widow  at  that  time. 

BYRON  R.  DUDROW,  a  resident 
of  Fremont,  Sandusky  county,  is 
a  native  of  Ohio,  born  March  i, 
1855,  in  Adams  township,  near 
Green  Spring,  Seneca  county,  and  is  a 
son  of  David  W.  and  Mary  J.  (Rule) 
Dudrow,  the  former  of  whom  was  born 
October  25,  1825,  in  Frederick  county, 
Md.,    a    son    of    David    and     Elizabeth 



(Hines)  Dudrow,  also  natives  of  Mary- 
land, born  of  German  ancestry. 

David  W.  Dudrow  settled  in  Seneca 
county,  Ohio,  in  1845,  becoming  the 
owner  of  a  large  farm  there,  which  he 
conducted  up  to  the  time  of  his  decease, 
prospering  himself  and  assisting  others  to 
prosper,  his  life  presenting  a  striking  ex- 
ample of  industry,  integrity  and  unselfish- 
ness. On  January  8,  1853,  he  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Mary  J.  Rule,  who  was  born 
in  Seneca  county,  Ohio,  daughter  of 
Daniel  and  Jane  (Grosscost)  Rule,  to 
which  union  were  born  eight  children, 
four  of  whom  died  in  infancy,  and  three 
sons  and  one  daughter  are  yet  living,  to 
wit:  Byron  R.,  in  Fremont,  Ohio;  Will- 
iam and  Fred,  in  Adams  township,  Sene- 
ca county,  engaged  in  farming  and  stock- 
raising;  and  Jennie,  with  her  mother  on 
the  old  homestead.  On  May  16,  1888, 
the  father,  David  W.  Dudrow,  met  with 
a  fatal  accident,  being  instantly  killed  by 
the  kick  of  a  horse. 

Daniel  Rule,  grandfather  of  Byron  R. 
Dudrow,  was  born  October  28,  1801,  on 
the  banks  of  the  Susquehanna  river,  in 
Perry  county,  Penn.,  was  of  Teutonic  de- 
scent, and  spoke  the  German  language 
fluently,  while  his  wife.  Jane  (Grosscost), 
was  of  Scotch-Irish  lineage.  In  the  fall 
of  1824  he  moved  to  Seneca  county, 
Ohio,  at  which  time  the  Seneca  Indians 
lived  on  the  Seneca  Reservation,  and  he 
became  well  acquainted  with  many  of 
them,  some  of  whom  were  Redmen  of 
note  in  their  day,  including  the  famous 
warrior  chief  Small  Cloud  Spicer,  who  at 
that  time  was  a  resident  of  the  Sandusky 
Valley.  Samuel  Rule,  brother  of  Daniel, 
owned  and  improved  a  large  farm  in  Me- 
nard county.  111.,  dying  there  November 
7,  1884,  while  George,  a  half-brother  of 
Daniel,  was  one  of  the  pioneers  of  San- 
dusky county,  Ohio.  Daniel  Rule's 
grandfather  was  a  soldier  in  the  Revolu- 
tionary war,  serving  under  Gen.  Wash- 
ington, and  participated  in  the  siege  of 
Yorktown;  after  the    surrender  of  Com- 

wallis  he  returned  to  his  home  in  south- 
ern Pennsylvania,  and  there  succumbed 
to  an  abscess  which  had  formed  in  his 

Byron  R.  Dudrow.  the  subject  proper 
of  these  lines,  received  his  elementary 
education  at  the  district  schools  of  the 
neighborhood  of  his  place  of  birth,  which 
was  supplemented  with  a  course  of  study 
at  the  Union  schools  of  Tiffin  and  Clyde, 
Ohio.  This  for  a  few  years  occupied  his 
winter  days,  his  summers  being  passed 
for  the  most  part  in  assisting  on  his 
father's  farm  in  Adams  township.  In 
the  autumn  of  1872  he  entered  the  Pre- 
paratory Department  of  Baldwin  Uni- 
versity, Berea,  Ohio,  remaining  there 
continuously  until  June,  1877,  returning 
home  only  for  his  vacations.  By  close 
application  and  hard  study  he  gained  one 
year  upon  his  class,  and  did  not  require  to 
attend  college  during  the  session  of  1877- 
78;  but  in  the  latter  year  he  returned  to 
Berea,  and  on  June  6th  graduated  from 
Baldwin  in  the  classical  course,  receiving 
the  degree  of  B.  A.  On  June  9,  1881, 
the  degree  of  M.  A.  was  conferred  upon 

On  June  18,  1877,  Mr.  Dudrow  com- 
menced the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of 
Basil  Meek,  at  Clyde,  Ohio,  and  was  ad- 
mitted to  the  bar  by  the  District  Court, 
April  26,  1879.  He  did  not,  however,  at 
once  enter  into  active  practice,  but 
served  as  deputy  clerk  of  courts  of  San- 
dusky county  from  the  time  of  his  ad- 
mission to  the  bar  until  April  26,  1880, 
at  which  time  he  commenced  the  practice 
of  the  law.  He  has  been  engaged  in  the 
trial  of  some  prominent  cases,  and  with 
success.  One  of  the  most  important 
trials  in  which  he  has  engaged  was  the 
defense  of  Mrs.  Lizzie  Aldridge.  who  was 
charged  with  the  murder  of  her  husband, 
John  Aldridge,  the  trial  taking  place  at 
Hastings,  Neb.,  in  June,  1889.  Mrs. 
Aldridge  was  acquitted,  and  of  Mr.  Dud- 
row's  efforts  in  this  case  the  Hastings 
(Neb.)  ^<*/»«/^/;Vfl«  said:      "Mr.  Dudrow, 



of  Fremont,  Ohio,  was  an  earnest  and 
pleasing  talker;  every  word  and  action 
had  power  and  weight  that  exerted  an  in- 
fluence upon  the  jurors."  The  Adams 
county  (Neb.)  Democrat,  also  speaking 
of  his  able  argument  at  the  same  trial, 
said:  "Of  Mr.  Dudrow,  of  Fremont, 
Ohio,  it  may  be  said  that  during  the  trial 
he  won  the  good  opinion  and  admiration 
of  our  people  by  his  manly,  eloquent  and 
logical  argument  to  the  jury,  and  by  the 
able  manner  in  which  he  conducted  the 
part  of  the  case  assigned  to  him."  From 
1883  till  1888  Mr.  Dudrow  practiced  law 
in  partnership  with  H.  R.  Finefrock,  and 
since  1891  he  has  been  associated  with 
his  father-in-law,  Basil  Meek,  and  John 
W.  Worst. 

On  November  21,  1878,  Mr.  Dudrow 
was  united  in  marriage  at  Clyde,  Ohio, 
with  Miss  Mary  E.  Meek,  daughter  of 
Basil  Meek,  and  who  for  several  years 
had  been  a  teacher  in  the  Clyde  public 
schools.  In  his  political  predilections 
our  subject  is  a  Democrat,  and  has  three 
times  been  elected  to  the  office  of  city 
solicitor  of  Fremont,  his  services  in  that 
capacity  covering  a  period  of  six  years. 
Besides  his  residence  on  Birchard  avenue, 
Fremont,  he  owns  a  300-acre  farm  in 
Townsend  township,  and  he  is  considered 
one  of  Sandusky  county's  most  useful, 
progressive  citizens. 

HA.  VAN  EPPS.  Thirty  years 
have  passed  since  the  ' '  cruel 
war"  waged  between  the  North 
and  South  was  ended,  and  even 
the  youngest  of  the  men  who  served  their 
country  in  those  dark  days  are  growing 
old.  But  they  never  tire  of  the  stories 
of  camp  life,  of  forced  marches  through 
the  burning  heat  and  deadly  swamps  of 
the  South,  of  hair-breadth  escapes  and 
desperate  encounters,  or  of  the  dreary 
days  in  Libby  Prison,  or  the  lingering  hor- 
rors of  Andersonvilie  and  Belle  Isle.  A 
few  more  years,  and  these  stories  will  be 

handed  down  by  their  descendants,  for 
the  old  soldiers  will  have  answered  to 
their  last  roll  call,  and  will  have  passed 
beyond,  happy  in  the  thought  that  they 
leave  behind  them  a  government  united 
and  at  peace.  While  they  live,  how- 
ever, it  is  our  privilege  to  honor  them  for 
their  noble  deeds,  and  to  show  our  grati- 
tude for  the  bravery  and  zeal  with  which 
they  defended  the  homes  and  institutions 
so  dear  to  us. 

It  is,  therefore,  with  pleasure  that  we 
are  enabled  to  give  the  record  of  the 
veteran  whose  name  opens  this  sketch, 
and  whose  recollections  of  the  war  are 
always  listened  to  with  delight,  especially 
at  the  camp-fires  and  reunions  of  the 
"boys  in  blue."  Mr.  Van  Epps  is  a 
ready  writer,  and  portrays  most  vividly 
the  scenes  which  were  enacted  under  his 
personal  observation,  especially  the  story 
of  Grierson's  raid,  in  which  he  was  an 
active  participant.  The  limits  of  a  bio- 
graphical sketch  will  not  permit  an  ex- 
tended account  of  Mr.  Van  Epps'  life 
during  the  war,  but  the  following  brief 
story  of  his  career  will  prove  of  interest 
to  his  many  friends  and  acquaintances. 

H.  A.  Van  Epps  was  born  in  Middle- 
bury,  Wyoming  Co.,  N.  Y. ,  March  8, 
1842,  and  came  of  good  old  Knicker- 
bocker stock.  His  father,  Charles  Van- 
Epps,  was  born  on  the  Mohawk  river,  N. 
Y. ,  and  removed  to  Middlebury,  Wyoming 
Co.,  N.  Y. ,  in  1806.  He  was  a  carpen- 
ter by  trade,  and  subsequently  engaged  in 
farming;  in  politics  he  was  a  Democrat. 
He  died  in  Middlebury  in  1854.  Our 
subject's  mother,  whose  maiden  name 
was  Betsy  Wilson,  was  born  in  Middle- 
bury in  1812,  and  died  in  1893  at  the 
good  old  age  of  eighty-one  years.  She 
was  the  mother  of  children  as  follows: 
Elizabeth,  who  married  H.  M.  Choat, 
and  lives  in  Darien,  Genesee  Co.,  N.  Y. ; 
Jane,  who  died  when  ten  3'ears  old; 
Charles,  who  lives  on  the  old  homestead 
in  Middlebury,  and  is  iifty-five  years  old; 
H.    A.,    our   subject;  Fayette,    deceased 



when  quite  young;  Delphene,  who  lives 
in  Darien,  N.  Y.,  and  is  unmarried; 
George,  who  died  when  fourteen  years 
old.  Mrs.  Van  Kpps'  father  was  a  na- 
tive of  Vermont,  of  sturdy  Yankee  ances- 
tors, and  held  the  rank  of  colonel  in  the 
war  of  1812. 

The  subject  of  our  sketch  grew  to 
manhood  on  the  home  farm  in  Middle- 
bury,  assisting  his  father  in  agricultural 
pursuits  and  obtaining  his  schooling  in  the 
district  schools  and  Wyoming  Academy. 
In  March,  1861,  he  went  to  Carroll 
county.  111.,  where  he  was  engaged  in 
(arming.  When  the  call  to  arms  sounded 
throughout  the  land  the  patriot  blood  in 
his  veins  responded,  and  laying  aside  all 
personal  considerations  he  enlisted  Sep- 
tember 5,  1 861,  in  Company  B,  Seventh 
Illinois  Cavalry,  for  the  three-years'  ser- 
vice. When  the  three  years  had  expired 
the  Rebellion  was  still  unsubdued,  and  on 
February  10,  1864,  he  re-enlisted  in  the 
same  company  and  regiment,  and  re- 
mained until  the  close  of  the  war,  being 
honorably  discharged  November  12,1865, 
after  a  continuous  service  of  four  years 
and  two  months.  During  this  time  he 
received  several  well-earned  promotions. 
In  1863  he  was  made  a  corporal,  in  1864 
a  sergeant,  and  April  20,  1865,  he  was 
appointed  second  lieutenant. 

During  these  four  years  Mr.  Van- 
Epps  followed  his  regiment  through  a 
considerable  portion  of  Missouri,  Tennes- 
see, Mississippi,  Alabama  and  Louisiana. 
He  was  in  si.xty-three  engagements,  great 
and  small,  among  which  were  the  follow- 
ing: The  siege  of  Corinth,  in  the  spring 
of  1862;  battle  of  Corinth,  in  October, 
1862;  luka;  Coffeeviile;  Colliersville; 
Lynnvillc;  West  Point;  Okalona;  Sum- 
mersville;  siege  of  Port  Hudson;  fight  at 
Clinton,  La. ;  CampbcUsville,  Tenn. ; 
Shoal  Creek,  Franklin  and  Nashville, 
when  Hatch's  brigade,  of  which  he  was 
a  member,  captured  three  forts  or  re- 
doubts. He  was  also  with  his  regiment 
when  following  Hood  on  his  retreat  from 

Nashville  to  the  Tennessee  river,  a  dis- 
tance of  125  miles.  This  was  a  terrible 
experience,  the  marches  being  made 
through  rain,  sleet  and  snow,  and  when 
the  weary  soldiers  reached  Gravel  Springs 
no  food  was  to  be  obtained,  and  for  two 
weeks  they  lived  on  parched  corn. 

Mr.  Van  Epps  also  took  an  active  part 
in  the  famous  "  Grierson  Raid,"  from  La 
Grange,  Tenn.,  to  Baton  Rouge,  La. 
He,  with  his  company,  was  detached  from 
the  balance  of  the  command  and  remain- 
ed alone  for  five  days  in  the  very  heart  of 
the  Rebels'  country,  during  which  time, 
it  is  estimated,  they  traveled  four  hun- 
dred miles,  being  in  the  saddle  night  and 
day  and  enduring  untold  hardships.  While 
on  picket  duty  at  Coldwater,  Tenn., 
guarding  a  bridge  eight  miles  from  camp, 
the  enemy  charged  upon  his  company, 
capturing  all  but  five  of  them — himself 
among  the  number — who  made  their  es- 
cape by  running  across  the  fields.  They 
finally  reached  camp  at  Colliersville,  giv- 
ing the  alarm  in  time  to  save  the  entire 
command  from  being  captured,  as  the 
enemy  shortly  made  their  appearance,  ex- 
pecting to  take  the  Union  soldiers  by  sur- 
prise. They  met  with  a  warm  reception 
instead,  and  were  badly  defeated.  While 
acting  as  sergeant  Mr.  \an  Epps  com- 
manded his  company  for  five  months,  and 
at  the  second  day's  battle  before  Nash- 
ville, while  engaged  with  the  enemy  in 
the  woods,  his  captain,  who  at  the  time 
was  acting-major,  fell  mortally  wounded; 
under  Mr.  Van  Epps'  leadership  his  little 
band  held  the  Rebel  line  in  check  while 
the  dying  officer  was  removed  from  the 
field.  Mr.  Van  Epps  served  under  Gens. 
Rosecrans,  Denver,  Hatch,  Grierson, 
Wilson,  Thomas,  Banks  and  McPherson, 
in  different  divisions  and  army  corps. 
While  escaping  almost  miraculously  any 
serious  accident  during  his  long  term  of 
service,  he  was  not  without  some  mishaps. 
While  on  drill  in  the  summer  of  1864.  he 
was  thrown  from  his  horse  and  received  a 
severe  injury    from    wlii.h    bi-  never 



fully  recovered.  He  was  taken  with  the 
measles  while  at  Bird's  Point,  Mo.,  and 
was  removed  to  the  hospital  at  Mound 
City,  111.,  and  also  spent  about  five  wee.ks 
in  the  hospital  at  Town  Creek,  Ala.,  suf- 
fering from  fever. 

After  the  war  was  over  Mr.  Van  Epps 
returned  to  his  home  in  New  York,  where 
in  1867  he  was  married  to  Miss  Ellen 
Bailey,  who  died  July  16,  1872.  To  this 
union  three  children  were  born:  Gertrude 
E. ;  Leona  M.,  and  Elmer  A.  Mr.  Van- 
Epps  was  married,  the  second  time,  to 
Miss  Isadora  Cornell,  who  was  born  at  Lin- 
don,  Genesee  Co.,  N.  Y.,  in  1847.  Two 
children  have  been  born  of  this  marriage 
• — Ethel  A.  and  Ernest  C.  Our  subject 
followed  farming  with  success  in  New  York 
until  he  sold  out  and  came  west.  Locat- 
ing in  Fremont,  in  1881,  he  purchased  the 
Starr  ilouring-mills.  These  he  remodel- 
ed to  the  roller  process,  adding  the  latest 
improvements,  and  also  erecting  fine  ele- 
vators. He  carried  on  these  mills,  doing 
a  large  merchant  and  domestic  business, 
until  the  close  of  the  year  1893,  when  he 
disposed  of  this  property,  and  the  follow- 
ing April  purchased  the  flouring-mills  and 
warehouse  at  New  London,  Ohio,  and  is 
at  present  operating  the  same.  During 
his  residence  in  Fremont  he  made  many 
friends  and  was  considered  one  of  the  sub- 
stantial business  men  of  the  town.  He 
served  four  years  in  the  city  council,  and 
he  is  past  commander  of  the  G.  A.  R. 

stantial and  prosperous  farmer 
of  Madison  township,  Sandusky 
county,  was  born  November  26, 
1816,  in  Hanover,  Germany.  His  parents, 
Louis  and  Isabelle  (Tichen)  Driftmeyer, 
rope  makers  by  vocation,  lived  in  Ger- 
many and  died  there,  the  mother  in  1822, 
the  father  in  1843. 

In  early  life  William  Driftmeyer  re- 
ceived a  good  German  education.  He 
worked   out   by   the   day  till   the    age   of 

twenty-one  years,  and  in  1842  he  came 
to  America,  immediately  after  landing 
coming  to  Ohio  and  renting  forty  acres  of 
land  in  Madison  township,  Sandusky 
county,  on  which  he  lived  one  year. 
Then  he  bought  forty  acres  of  timber 
land,  twelve  of  which  he  sold,  and  cleared 
the  remainder,  later  buying  forty  acres, 
then  twenty,  then  another  forty,  all 
timber  land,  which  he  cleared. 

On  January  31,  1843,  William  Drift- 
meyer was  united  in  marriage  with  Mary 
Cook,  a  daughter  of  Henry  Cook,  and 
they  have  had  eight  children,  of  whom 
William,  born  July  16,  1844,  died  at  the 
age  of  seventeen;  Henry,  born  October 
21,  1845,  lives  in  Washington  township, 
Sandusky  county;  Mary,  born  November 
26,  1847,  married  John  Michael,  a  farmer 
of  Michigan,  and  they  have  had  two 
children;  Eliza,  born  August  6,  1850, 
married  Fred  Demschroeder,  of  Wood- 
ville  township,  Sandusky  county,  by 
whom  she  has  had  four  children;  Sarah, 
born  November  11,  1852,  married  Will- 
iam Helambrecht,  a  farmer,  and  they  have 
had  si.\  children;  Frederick,  born  May  5, 
1855,  married  Mary  Wendler,  by  whom 
he  has  had  two  children,  and  lives  in 
Washington  township;  Sophia,  born  De- 
cember 30,  1857,  married  Henry  Kilgus, 
and  they  have  had  two  children,  of  whom 
one  is  deceased;  and  Louis,  born  Febru- 
ary 2,  1862,  married  Minnie  Friar, 
whose  parents,  Henry  and  Rebecca  (Sam- 
sell)  Friar,  live  in  Madison  township. 
Mrs.  William  Driftmeyer's  parents  lived 
and  died  in  Germany. 

Mr.  Driftmeyer  laid  out  the  road 
which  separates  Washington  township 
from  Madison  and  Woodville  townships. 
The  first  oil  well  in  Madison  township 
was  drilled  on  his  land,  and  on  the  land 
upon  which  he  makes  his  home  in  that 
township  he  has  six  good  oil  wells  that 
yield  six  hundred  barrels  monthly;  and  on 
a  thirty-seven-acre  tract  in  Washington 
township  he  has  two  wells  that  will  aver- 
age two  hundred  barrels  each  month.    Mr. 





Driftmeyer  is  a  Republican  in  politics. 
and  has  been  repeatedly  honored  with 
public  office,  having  been  trustee  for  two 
years,  and  road  supervisor  and  school 
director  for  many  terms.  In  religious 
affiliation  he  is  a  member  of  the  German 
M.  E.  Church  of  Elmore. 

JH.  CLAUSS,  president  and  man- 
ager of  the  Clauss  Shear  Company, 
Fremont,  Sandusky  county,  was 
born  in  New  York  City  June  4,  1855. 
His  parents  were  Henry  and  Jennette 
(Flersch)  Clauss,  natives  of  Germany, 
who  emigrated  to  America,  sojourned  for 
a  time  in  New  York  City,  finally  locating 
in  Cleveland,  Ohio,  where  they  now  re- 

J.  H.  Clauss  was  reared  in  Cleveland, 
where  he  received  somewhat  limited  school 
privileges.  His  business  experience  from 
the  time  he  was  fourteen  years  old  was 
that  of  apprentice  in  a  German  printing 
office,  porter  in  a  wnglesale  millinery 
house,  and  bookkeeper  for  a  brass  manu- 
factory. He  did  not  like  to  work  for 
others,  so  after  attaining  his  majority  he 
began  business  on  his  own  account  as 
manufacturer  of  cigar  bo.xes.  in  Cleveland. 
This  he  carried  on  some  four  years,  after 
which  he  sold  out,  and  seeing  a  chance  at 
Elyria,  Ohio,  went  there  and  invested 
what  means  he  had  in  the  Shear  Com- 
pany in  that  city.  Seeing  that  the  con- 
cern was  not  on  a  safe  footing,  he  manipu- 
lated affairs  so  that  he  became  secretary 
and  treasurer,  and  finally  full  manager. 
The  business  thrived  under  his  control, 
and  he  remained  there  until  August,  1887, 
when  he  sold  out  the  boiler,  engine,  and 
a  part  of  the  fixtures  of  the  plant,  and 
removed  the  rest  to  Fremont,  Ohio,  here 
meeting  with  unprecedented  success  in 
the  history  of  shear  manufacturing;  but  a 
check  was  put  upon  his  prosperity  for  a 
brief  period  by  his  entire  factory  being 
burned  to  the  ground  on  January  1 7,  1 889. 

With    his    characteristic    enterprise  Mr. 

Clauss  at  once  resolved  to  rebuild,  this 
time  with  brick,  the  former  having  been  a 
frame  structure.  The  dimensions  were: 
Main  building,  165x40  feet;  two  wings, 
each  96x40,  all  three  stories  high,  with 
a  basement  and  engine  room  60x40. 
The  building  of  this  was  accomplished 
from  January  17  till  March  4,  in  the 
short  space  of  forty-six  days,  and  is  said 
by  authority  to  have  been  the  most  ex- 
peditious work  of  like  magnitude  ever  ac- 
complished. The  building  is  located  on 
East  State  street,  on  the  right  bank  of  the 
Sandusky  river,  and  is  one  of  the  hand- 
somest plants  of  any  kind  to  be  found  in 
Ohio.  The  magnitude  of  the  Clauss 
Shear  Company  is  not  appreciated  until 
we  realize  that  it  is  by  far  the  largest  con- 
cern of  the  kind  in  the  world.  They  give 
employment  to  250  men  in  the  shops, 
have  twenty  traveling  salesmen  in  the 
United  States,  two  in  Canada  and  seven 
in  Europe.  They  have  a  branch  office  at 
Kansas  City  fMo. ),  in  New  York  City,  in 
Toronto  (Ontario^,  and  in  London  (Eng- 
land). The  building-up  of  this  vast  indus- 
try is  due  entirely  to  the  business  sagacity 
and  enterprise  of  J.  H.  Clauss.  He  has 
pushed  the  trade  into  all  parts  of  the 
world.  By  the  erection  of  this  vast  manu- 
factory in  Fremont,  Mr.  Clauss  has  con- 
tributed largely  to  the  city's  growth  and 
prosperity.  Aside  from  this  he  also  mani- 
fests a  leading  spirit  in  all  social  and  local 
affairs.  He  has  just  completed  an  elegant 
new  residence  on  Hirchard  avenue,  which 
is  considered  not  only  the  finest  in  Fre- 
mont, but  one  of  the  finest  in  northern 
Ohio.  Mr.  Clauss  is  a  stanch  Republi- 
can, and  a  Scottish  Rite  Mason  of  the 
Thirty-second  Degree. 

WEN  DEL  SPRANG  and  wife  are 
among  the  wealthiest    and  most 
prosperous    residents    of  Green 
Creek,  Sandusky  county.   Their 
success  in  life   is  due   to    frugal    habits, 
unfailing    industry    and    sagacious   judg- 



ment  in  farming.  For  the  latter  quality 
Mr.  Sprang  is  indebted  to  his  wife,  for 
when  he  came  to  Sandusky  county  he  was 
wholly  ignorant  of  farming  life,  and  from 
his  efficient  helpmeet  he  received  his  first 
instructions  in  rural  pursuits.  That  the 
teachings  were  sound  maybe  judged  from 
the  signal  success  that  has  attended  the 
lives  of  this  devoted  couple. 

Mr.  Sprang  was  born  in  Grafenhausen, 
Baden,  Germany,  September  19,  1833, 
son  of  Thomas  and  Euphemia  (Me3-er) 
Sprang,  who  in  1852  emigrated  to  Amer- 
ica, locating  near  Sandusky,  where  he 
bought  a  small  piece  of  land  and  worked 
as  a  laborer.  He  died  in  1877,  aged 
sixty- nine  years,  and  his  wife,  who  was 
born  September  15,  18 10,  died  October 
3,  1880.  They  were  members  of  the 
Roman  Catholic  Church,  and  had  seven 
children,  four  of  whom  lived  to  maturity, 
as  follows:  Philip,  who  was  killed  by  a 
falling  tree  at  Wolf  Creek;  William,  fa- 
tally crushed  by  the  cars  at  Mansfield; 
Wendel;  and  Mary  E.,  wife  of  Godfrey 
Young,  of  Green  Creek  township.  The 
paternal  grandfather  of  Wendel  Sprang 
was  killed  at  his  home  in  Germany,  in 
181 3,  by  Napoleon's  French  soldiers,  dur- 
ing their  retreat  from  the  disastrous  Rus- 
sian campaign;  the  soldiers  had  demanded 
food  which  he  was  unable  to  supply. 

In  1858  Wendel  Sprang  was  married, 
in  Brownhelm township,  Lorain  Co.,  Ohio, 
to  Anna  Margaret  Mary  Jaeger,  who  was 
born  in  Bavaria,  Germany,  July  31,  1835, 
daughter  of  Adam  John  and  Anna  Do- 
rothea (Schellhouse)  Jaeger.  Her  pater- 
nal grandfather  was  by  birth  a  Frenchman. 
Mrs.  Sprang  was  only  three  years  old 
when  she  came  to  America  with  her 
parents,  who  settled  in  Brownhelm  town- 
ship, Lorain  Co.,  Ohio,  where  her  only 
brother,  John  Henry  Jaeger,  now  lives. 
After  their  marriage  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Sprang 
settled  in  Sandusky  City,  and  began  house- 
keeping with  a  capital  of  $150.  Mrs. 
Sprang  sewed  for  two  shillings  a  day,  and 
Mr.  Sprang  worked  in  a  stave  factory  for 

75  cents  a  day,  one-half  of  which  amount 
was  payable  in  store  goods,  and  Mr. 
Sprang  says  he  would  have  preferred  to 
work  for  50  cents  per  day  in  cash.  Thus 
they  lived  for  two  years,  at  the  expiration 
of  which  time  they  had  $250,  which  they 
deemed  a  sufficient  sum  to  begin  farming 
with.  Coming  to  Green  Creek  township, 
Sandusky  county,  they  bought  twenty- 
five  acres  of  land  at  $19.00  per  acre, 
reserving  $50,  with  which  to  build  a  house 
and  "start  on."  It  seems  remarkable 
that  with  this  small  start  the  couple  could 
make  much  progress  in  life;  but  to-day 
they  own  250  acres  of  fertile  and  well- 
improved  land.  During  the  first  season 
Mrs.  Sprang  cradled  all  the  wheat,  while 
Mr.  Sprang  bound  it.  Mr.  Sprang  had 
done  no  farm  work  up  to  that  time,  and 
his  wife  with  good  humor  tells  many 
amusing  stories  of  how  she  had  to  teach 
him.  When  the  Lake  Shore  road  was 
under  construction  he  chopped  and  hewed 
ties  in  the  woods,  and  she  loaded  them 
on  the  wagon  and  hauled  them  to  the 
roadbed.  Mrs.  Sprang  also  assisted  him 
in  sawing  with  a  cross-cut  saw.  She 
laughingly  remarks  that  if  it  were  neces- 
sary she  could  do  the  same  work  now,  so 
excellent  is  her  health  and  robust  her 
strength.  It  is  no  wonder  that  with  a 
helpmeet  like  Mrs.  Sprang  his  success 
has  been  so  great.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Sprang 
have  one  son,  John  H.,  and  two  grand- 
sons, Henry  W.  and  William  Harrison. 
In  politics  Mr.  Sprang  is  a  Democrat. 
His  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  Church,  and  his  wife  is  a  devoted 
Lutheran;  but  they  have  never  permitted 
their  differences  of  belief  to  mar  their 
domestic  harmony  nor  cast  a  shadow 
upon  their  common,  interests. 

PHILIP  BRADY,  who  is  numbered 
among  the  leading  and  influential 
farmers    of    Clyde,    Green  Creek 
township,   Sandusky  county,  is  a 
native  of  County  Wexford,  Ireland,  born 



in  1824.  His  parents,  Terrance  and 
Mary  (Clear)  Brady,  were  both  born  in 
County  \N'cxford  and  were  of  old  Celtic 
stock.  The  father  died  on  the  Emerald 
Isle,  after  which  the  mother  came  to 
America,  where  her  death  occurred  at 
the  age  of  seventy  years.  They  were 
farming  people  of  Ireland,  where  the 
grandfather,  Patrick  Brady,  also  carried 
on  agricultural  pursuits,  and  for  genera- 
tions the  family  occupied  the  same  home- 

Our  subject  is  one  of  a  family  of 
eight  children,  comprising  six  sons  and 
two  daughters,  and  the  eldest  sister  still 
occupies  the  ancestral  home.  In  order 
of  birth  they  are  as  follows:  Ellen,  still 
a  resident  of  Ireland;  Thomas,  who  died 
in  Clyde,  Ohio;  Patrick,  who  makes  his 
home  in  Wisconsin;  Mary,  who  was  the 
wife  of  Matthew  Nolan,  and  died  in  this 
country:  Michael,  a  resident  of  Clyde; 
and  Martin  Philip  and  James.  Philip, 
the  subject  of  this  memoir,  grew  to  man- 
hood in  his  native  land,  with  such  meagre 
school  and  other  advantages  as  were 
available  to  him.  Like  so  many  of  his 
countrymen  who  love  the  greatness  of 
American  liberty,  he  resolved  to  cast  his 
fortunes  under  the  flag  of  the  young  re- 
public, and  make  it  his  adopted  land. 
Accordingly  at  the  age  of  si.xteen  he  em- 
barked for  the  Western  World.  He  took 
passage  on  board  a  ship  leaving  Ross, 
Ireland,  and  in  due  time  reached  Quebec, 
Canada.  He  found  his  first  employment 
in  the  New  World  with  farmers  in  Lower 
Canada,  but  subsequently  came  to  the 
United  States,  where  he  worked  on  the 
railroads,  or  at  any  emplovment  which 
he  could  find. 

Desiring  to  become  a  permanent  resi- 
dent, Mr.  Brady  purchased  five  acres  of 
land  near  Clyde,  Ohio,  and  by  frugality 
and  thrift  soon  became  the  owner  of  a 
good  home.  This  he  subsequently  sold, 
and  then  bought  a  tract  of  uncleared 
and  unimproved  land  north  of  Clyde. 
Here   he   found  in  the    densely    wooded 

land  ample  field  to  exert  all  his 
energy  and  indu.-;try;  but  stubborn 
nature  yielded,  and  Mr.  Brady  is  now  the 
proud  proprietor  of  an  excellent  and  well- 
tilled  farm.  It  has  now  all  been  cleared, 
and  there  is  no  better  land  to  be  found 
anywhere  in  the  county.  His  old  log 
house,  which  he  erected  tnany  years  ago, 
is  still  standing  as  a  relic  of  the  times 
that  were,  and  a  memento  of  the  hard- 
ships of  pioneer  life.  At  Elyria,  he  wed- 
ded Miss  Mary  Keating,  a  native  of 
County  Carlow,  Ireland,  and  to  them 
have  been  born  eight  children,  as  follows: 
Mary  is  the  wife  of  John  Furlow,  of  Buck- 
ley, Wash.,  and  they  have  two  children 
— John  and  Eustatia;  Ella  is  the  ne.\t  in 
the  family;  Joseph  is  a  resident  of  Buck- 
ley, Wash. ;  Maggie  is  the  wife  of  Grant 
Andrews,  a  merchant  of  Millersville,  San- 
dusky county,  and  they  have  two  children 
— Mabel  and  May;  John.  Philip,  Jr.,  Kit- 
tie  and  Martin  complete  the  family. 

On  his  arrival  in  the  New  World,  Mr. 
Brady  had  only  a  few  shillings  left;  but 
by  enterprise,  industry  and  economy  he  is 
now  one  of  the  well-to-do  citizens  of  San- 
dusky county.  He  is  a  man  whose  honesty 
and  integrity  are  above  (juestion;  is  of  a 
happy,  genial  disposition,  and  th<iroughly 
enjoys  a  good  joke.  In  his  political  views 
he  strongly  adheres  to  the  principles  of 
the  Democratic  party,  and  he  and  his 
family  are  members  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  Church. 

GRANT  FORGERSON,  a  substan- 
tial farmer  and  public-spirited 
citizen  of  Rice  township,  San- 
dusky county,  was  bom  in  that 
county,  February  22,  1829.  He  is  a  son 
of  Thomas  and  Mary  (Hull)  Forgerson, 
who  were  born  March  30,  1795,  and  I'eb- 
ruary  1,  1810,  respectively,  the  father  in 
Orange  county.  New  York. 

Thomas  P'orgerson  worked  for  his  fa- 
ther, Sidney  I'orgerson,  in  New  York 
State,  and  in  18 19  came  with  him  to  F^re- 



mont,  Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  the  father 
buying  a  home  here  which  he  occupied 
till  his  death  in  1830.  On  July  5,  1827, 
in  Sandusky  county,  Thomas  Forgerson 
was  united  in  marriage  with  Mary  Hull, 
and  five  children  were  born  to  them,  as 
follows:  Grant,  the  subject  of  this  sketch; 
Dorcas  A.  and  Wilford  N.,  born  August 
2,  1832;  Christina,  born  December  10, 
1835;  ^^^  Thomas,  born  February  17, 
1 84 1.  In  1 830  Thomas  Forgerson  moved 
to  Rice  township,  and  in  1833  bought  124 
acres  of  land,  where  he  lived  up  to  the 
time  of  his  decease.  He  was  township 
clerk  and  trustee,  and  for  four  years  was 
school  director. 

In  1844,  at  the  age  of  seventeen  years. 
Grant  Forgerson  entered  the  Mexican 
war  as  a  drummer  boy  in  Company  C, 
Fourth  O.  V.  I.,  in  company  with  his 
uncle,  Isaac  Swanck,  who  was  quite  up 
in  military  tactics.  He  and  his  com- 
rades started  from  home  in  wagons,  being 
conveyed  to  Maumee  City,  thence  jour- 
neying via  canal  to  Cincinnati,  and  from 
there  to  New  Orleans.  Reshipping,  they 
crossed  the  gulf  to  Brazos  Island,  and 
went  up  the  Rio  Grande  river  as  far  as 
Matamoras,  where  they  remained  six 
weeks,  then  proceeding  to  Vera  Cruz  and 
on  to  Pueblo,  Me.xico,  where  they  were 
stationed  until  the  close  of  the  war,  Mr. 
Forgerson  being  in  the  service  for  about 
a  year.  There  are  few  men  who,  like 
himself,  have  engaged  in  actual  warfare 
before  reaching  the  age  of  eighteen  years, 
and  he  can  relate  many  interesting  experi- 
ences which  he  underwent  during  his  serv- 
ice. After  the  war  he  came  back  to 
Rice  township,  and  then  going  west 
remained  two  years,  again  returning  to 
Rice  township.  On  January  i,  1854,  he 
was  united  in  marriage  with  Nancy  Park, 
who  was  born  in  Ohio  April  29,  1835,  and 
they  had  four  children,  namely:  (i)  Mary 
E.,  born  October  8,  1854,  married  Joseph 
Young,  and  they  live  in  Rice  township; 
(2)  James  G.,  born  Oct.  29,  1856,  mar- 
ried Clara  House,  and  seven  children  were 

born  to  them,  as  follows — Mabel,  Janu- 
ary 26,  1883,  Hattie,  June  6,  1884,  Jes- 
sie, December  22,  1887,  Addie,  January 
26,  1889,  Clara,  July  9,  1890,  Laura, 
February  19,  1892,  and  Scott,  November 
15,  1894;  (3)  Addie,  born  Feb.  24,  1861, 
married  Frank  Foster,  and  they  live  in 
Fremont,  Sandusky  county  (they  have 
three  children,  namely:  Louis,  born  June 
19,  1884;  Achiel  Grant,  born  December 
28,  1886,  and  Ida,  born  March  28,  1893); 
(4)  Ida  N.,  born  February  i,  1861,  died 
November  17,  1861,  and  was  buried  in 
Rice  township. 

Grant  Forgerson  is  engaged  in  gen- 
eral farming,  having  166  acres  of  land 
worth  one  hundred  dollars  an  acre.  He 
was  clerk  of  Rice  township  for  two  years, 
and  school  director  and  supervisor  for 
twelve  years.  In  politics  he  is  a  good 
Republican,  and  in  religious  affiliation  be- 
longs to  the  Presbyterian  Church,  as  does 
his  entire  family.  In  1861  Mr.  Forger- 
son became  a  member  of  the  I.  O.  O.  F. 
at  Fremont,  joining  Croghan  Lodge  No. 
T/,  and  he  has  passed  all  the  Chairs;  he  is 
also  a  member  of  the  Knights  of  Honor, 
Lodge  No.  95.  He  is  a  gentleman  of 
mild  manners,  is  widely  known  as  an  en- 
tertainer, and,  it  is  almost  needless  to  add, 
his  friends  are  numerous. 

EMANUEL  WENGERD  is  a  well- 
known  farmer  and  minister  resid- 
ing in  Washington  township,  San- 
dusky county,  and  has  the  respect 
of  all  who  know  him.  Having  a  wide 
acquaintance  in  this  locality,  we  feel  as- 
sured that  the  record  of  his  life  will  prove 
of  interest  to  many  of  our  readers,  and 
gladly  give  it  a  place  in  this  volume. 

Mr.  Wengerd  is  numbered  among  the 
native  sons  of  Ohio,  his  birth  having  oc- 
curred on  the  old  family  homestead  in 
this  State  February  i,  1849.  He  is  a 
son  of  Joseph  W.  and  Marden  Julie 
(Walter)  Wengerd,  who  at  an  early  day 
migrated  westward  from  Pennsylvania  and 



took  up  their  residence  upon  the  farm 
which  was  the  birthplace  of  their  son 
Emanuel.  The  father  was  at  that  time 
about  thirty  years  of  age.  and  there  re- 
mained until  he  passed  from  earth,  at  the 
age  of  seventy-two.  His  wife  passed 
away  when  seventy-six  years  old.  Mr. 
VVengerd  was  one  of  nature's  noblemen, 
his  life  filled  with  jj;ood  deeds  and  kind 
actions.  He  was  generous  and  benevo- 
lent, a  good  supporter  of  the  Church  and 
of  all  interests  that  were  calculated  to 
benefit  humanity.  When  he  was  taken 
away  the  community  lost  one  of  its  best 
citizens,  but  he  left  to  his  family  the. price- 
less heritage  of  a  good  name. 

The  gentleman  whose  name  begins 
this  record  profited  by  the  good  teachings 
and  e.xample  of  his  parents, and  the  lessons 
which  he  learned  in  his  youth  have  borne 
splendid  fruit.  He  was  trained  not  only 
to  habits  of  industry,  but  also  learned  and 
developed  those  traits  which  in  any  place 
command  the  respect  of  all.  He  now 
devotes  his  time  and  energies  to  farming 
and  to  work  for  his  fellow  men.  and  has  a 
good  property  in  Wa.'^hington  township, 
Sandusky  county,  its  neat  and  thrifty  ap- 
pearance well  indicating  his  careful  super- 

On  December  31.  1869,  Mr.  Wengerd 
was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Mar- 
garet Nichols,  daughter  of  Peter  Nichols, 
a  well-known  resident  of  Sandusky  coun- 
ty. Two  children — George  F.  and  Ar- 
thur W. — came  to  bless  and  gladden  their 
home,  which  was  a  bright  and  happy 
spot  until  the  hand  of  death  was  laid  upon 
the  wife  and  mother.  Mr.  Wengerd  re- 
mained single  for  a  year,  and  then  was 
united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Catherina 
A.  Snyder,  whose  parents,  William  and 
Sarah  (Heller)  Snyder,  are  residents  of 
Seneca  county.  Ohio;  Nfr.  Snyder  is  a 
miller  by  occupation.  This  marriage  was 
blessed  with  three  children;  John  M.. 
Charles  S.  and  Howard  H..  of  whom 
Charles  S.  is  the  only  one  now  living; 
John  M.  died  at  the  age  of  eight  years, 

and  Howard  E.  in  infancy.  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Wengerd  have  many  warm  friends 
in  this  community,  and  their  own  home  is 
noted  for  its  hospitality. 

ABf^AHAM  BLANK,  one  of  the 
most  popular  and  highly-esteemed 
citizens  of  Sandusky  county,  car- 
ries on  agricultural  pursuits  in 
Woodville  township,  and  is  also  engaged 
in  speculating  in  oil.  Although  an  East- 
ern man  by  birth,  he  possesses  the  typ- 
ical Western  spirit  of  progress  and  enter- 
prise. A  native  of  Columbia  county, 
Penn,  ;he  was  born  September  9,  1827, 
son  of  William  Blank,  and  a  brother 
of  Amos  Blank,  the  latter  a  well-known 
resident  of  Sandusky  county. 

In  1836,  when  a  child  of  nine  sum- 
mers, our  subject  accompanied  his  parents 
and  the  other  members  of  the  family  to 
Ohio,  locating  in  Madison  township,  San- 
dusky county,  where  he  worked  on  his 
father's  farm.  They  were  the  earliest 
settlers  of  that  portion  of  the  county,  and 
went  through  all  the  experiences  and 
hardships  of  pioneer  life.  Abraham  re- 
ceived but  limited  educational  privileges, 
for  schools  were  few  and  far  between,  and 
the  advantages  afforded  therein  were  not 
always  of  a  superior  quality.  In  the 
practical  school  of  experience,  however, 
he  has  learned  many  valuable  lessons, 
and  through  reading,  experience  and  ob- 
servation has  become  a  well-informed 
man.  He  continued  working  on  the  farm 
of  his  father  from  early  boyhood  until 
1873,  when  he  started  out  in  life  for  him- 
self, purchasing  120  acres  of  land,  all  of 
which  was  covered  with  timber.  With 
characteristic  energy  he  began  to  clear 
the  place;  the  trees  fell  one  by  one  before 
his  sturdy  strokes,  and  acre  after  acre  was 
placed  under  the  plow  and  made  to  yield 
a  golden  tribute  in  return  for  the  care 
and  cultivation  he  bestowed  upon  it.  He 
erected  a  dwelling  house;  also  built  barns 
and  outbuildings,  put  up  fences  which  di- 



vided  the  place  into  fields  of  convenient 
size,  planted  an  orchard  and  made  other 
general  improvements  which  add  to  the 
value  and  attractive  appearance  of  the 
place.  He  also  engaged  in  the  oil  busi- 
ness, and  in  two  years  made  in  speculation 
upward  of  $31,000. 

Mr.  Blank  has  traveled  extensively 
through  both  the  Southern  and  Western 
States,  going  on  business  trips  to  Ken- 
tucky, Indiana,  Chicago,  Michigan  and 
Wisconsin,  where  he  owns  large  tracts  of 
land.  He  is  a  man  of  broad  and  liberal 
views,  and  is  well  liked  and  very  popular 
with  all  classes  of  people,  being  highly 
respected  throughout  the  county  in  which 
he  makes  his  home,  where  his  acquaint- 
ance is  a  wide  one.  For  several  years  he 
has  held  the  office  of  trustee  of  Woodville 
township,  and  during  his  administration 
a  number  of  roads  and  bridges  were  con- 
structed, as  well  as  ditches  and  other  im- 
provements. He  is  a  stanch  Democrat, 
warmly  advocating  the  principles  of  the 
party.  An  entertaining  conversationalist, 
he  can  relate  many  interesting  instances 
of  pioneer  life  in  this  locality.  He  is 
still  engaged  in  the  oil  business  in  connec- 
tion with  his  nephew,  and  has  practically 
retired  from  farming,  having  acquired  a 
handsome  competence  which  supplies 
him  with  all  the  comforts  and  many  of  the 
luxuries  of  life. 

WILLIAM  W.  POORMAN  is  num- 
bered among  the  leading  agri- 
culturists of  Sandusky  county, 
having  for  many  years  been  iden- 
tified with  its  growth  and  upbuilding.  He 
was  born  in  Townsend  township,  San- 
dusky county,  January  15,  1828,  a  son  of 
John  and  Phoebe  (Wetsel)  Poorman,  the 
former  of  whom  was  born  in  1773;  the 
latter  was  born  about  1793,  and  died  in 
Detroit,  Mich.,  at  the  advanced  age  of 
eighty-three.  Their  family  numbered  four 
children.  The  Poormans  are  of  German 

At  an  early  age  our  subject  accompa- 
nied his  parents  to  Sandusky  Cit}^  Ohio, 
where  his  father  was  engaged  in  the  gro- 
cery business  until  his  death,  which  oc- 
curred at  the  age  of  sixty  3'ears.  When 
William  was  a  youth  of  fifteen,  he  accom- 
panied his  mother  and  the  other  members 
of  the  family  to  Fremont,  where  he 
worked  in  an  ashery  for  two  years,  at  the 
end  of  which  time  his  mother  removed  to 
Ballville  township,  Sandusky  county,  pur- 
chasing forty  acres  of  wild  land.  This 
our  subject  and  his  brother  cleared,  mak- 
ing there  a  comfortable  home.  The  wild 
land  \yas  transformed  into  rich  and  fertile 
fields,  and  a  good  farm  resulted  from  their 
earnest  and  persistent  labors.  While  re- 
siding on  that  farm  Mr.  Poorman  was 
married,  January  6,  1850,  to  Miss  Je- 
mima Ann  Hutson,  of  Ballville  township, 
a  native  of  Franklin  county,  Ohio,  born 
December  4,  1829.  Her  father,  James 
Hutson,  was  born  February  13,  1807,  and 
died  June  18,  1893;  her  mother,  who 
bore  the  maiden  name  of  Elizabeth  Stultz, 
was  born  August  28,  1828;  they  were  the 
parents  of  the  following  children:  Mrs. 
Poorman,  John,  Peter,  Vincent,  William 
M.,  Nathaniel  W.  and  James  S.  The 
mother  of  this  family  passed  away  August 
4,  1877.  The  paternal  grandfather  of 
Mrs.  Poorman  was  John  Hutson,  who 
married  a  Miss  Needles.  The  former  was 
born  in  Maryland  about  1784,  and  served 
in  the  war  of  1812;  the  latter  was  born 
about  1787,  and  lived  to  be  104  years 
of  age.  The  maternal  grandparents  ■^vere 
Peter  and  Elizabeth  (Cliner)  Stultz,  the 
former  born  in  1776,  the  latter  in  1780. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Poorman  have  one  child, 
Emma  A.,  born  October  2,  1850,  and  ed- 
ucated in  Fremont.  On  November  i, 
1867,  she  became  the  wife  of  Robert  A. 
Forgrave,  of  Scott  township,  Sandusky 
county,  and  to  them  have  been  born  four 
children,  one  of  whom,  a  son,  is  now 

For    a  year  after  his  marriage,    Mr. 
Poorman    lived    on  the   farm  which  his 



mother  had  purchased,  and  then  removed 
to  the  villaRc  of  Ballvillc,  where  he 
resided  some  six  years.  Purchasing  107 
acres  of  land  in  Section  15,  Scott  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  that  farm  has 
since  been  his  home.  The  greater  part 
of  this  farm  was  in  its  primitive  condition; 
but  by  patient  toil  he  has  made  it  one  of 
the  best  places  in  the  neighborhood,  the 
forest  trees  giving  way  to  fields  of  golden 
grain,  and  the  log  cabin  to  the  spacious 
frame  dwelling.  There  are  also  good 
outbuildings,  and  all  modern  improve- 
ments. In  1890  he  leased  the  entire  farm 
to  the  Sun  Oil  Company  for  an  annual 
rental  of  $1, 100  and  one-eighth  of  the  oil 
produced  on  the  farm.  Four  wells  are 
now  in  operation,  yielding  about  fifty 
barrels  per  day,  and  Mr.  Poorman  there- 
fore secures  a  good  income.  He  has 
served  as  township  treasurer,  and  for  sev- 
eral terms  has  been  township  trustee, 
discharging  his  duties  in  a  most  creditable 
and  acceptable  manner.  His  political 
support  is  given  to  the  Democracy,  and 
he  is  a  progressive  and  public-spirited 
citizen,  giving  his  aid  to  and  co-operation 
with  everything  pertaining  to  the  welfare 
of  the  community. 

Robert  A.  Fcjrc.rave  was  bom 
November  27,  1842,  in  Pcrrv  county, 
Ohio,  and  is  one  of  the  five  children  born 
to  Robert  \V.  and  Mary  (Kuhn)  Forgrave. 
The  father  was  born  in  Philadelphia  in 
1807,  and  was  a  pioneer  of  Perr>'  county; 
the  mother  was  born  in  1818;  her  father, 
Adam  Knhn,  was  also  a  native  of  the 
Keystone  State,  and  lived  to  the  advanced 
age  of  ninety-two  years.  Mr.  Forgrave 
was  educated  in  the  common  and  select 
schools  of  the  neighborhood,  and  for  some 
years  engaged  in  teaching  in  Sandusky 
county,  at  one  time  being  principal  of  the 
high  school  at  Oak  Harbor,  while  his  wife 
was  teacher  of  the  primary  department. 
In  1861  he  joined  the  Union  army,  and 
for  four  years  aided  in  the  defense  of  the 
old  flag  and  the  cause  it  represented,  par- 
ticipating in  some  of  the  most  hotly  con- 

tested engagements  of  the  war,  including 
the  battles  of  Cold  Harbor,  Petersburg 
and  Spottsylvania,  and  was  at  Appomat- 
tox when  Lee  surrendered  to  Grant.  At 
the  close  of  the  war  he  returned  to  Scott 
township,  and  for  some  years  successfully 
carried  on  agricultural  pursuits.  He  then 
leased  his  land  to  the  oil  company,  and 
as  the  flow  of  oil  is  a  good  one  he  derives 
an  excellent  income  therefrom.  He  is  a 
man  of  good  business  ability,  and  his  man- 
agement of  his  business  affairs  has  made 
him  a  substantial  citizen. 

AB.  KEMMERLING.  The  hardy 
pioneers  of  the  Northwest,  who 
developed  the  land  out  of  which 
some  of  the  proudest  States  of 
our  Union  were  constructed,  were  men 
not  only  of  muscle  but  of  brains;  men 
who  combined  great  endurance  and  in- 
dustry with  intelligence  and  religious  prin- 
ciple, and  with  their  wives,  as  brave  and 
courageous  as  themselves,  reared  up  their 
children  in  such  habits  of  thrift  and  mor- 
ality that  the  country  has  reason  to  be 
proud  of  them. 

Of  such  worthy  parentage  was  born 
the  subject  of  our  sketch,  a  well-known 
and  prosperous  dry-goods  merchant  of 
Gibsonburg,  Sandusky  county,  who  is 
among  the  youngest  of  the  men  in  that 
place  to  carry  on  an  independent  busi- 
ness, and  who  may  be  styled  a  self-made 
man.  He  was  born  in  Madison  township, 
Sandusky  county,  October  12,  1863.  A 
brief  sketch  of  his  parents,  Peter  and 
Catherine  (Unger)  Kemmerling,  will  be 
read  with  interest  by  their  friends:  His 
father  was  born  in  Union  (now  Snyder) 
county,  Penn.,  near  Louistown,  Septem- 
ber 27,  1813.  Here  he  spent  his  boy- 
hood days,  and  in  1835,  when  twenty-two 
years  of  age,  came  to  Ohio,  locating  in 
Wooster,  where  he  lived  two  years,  re- 
nioving  in  1837  to  Madison  township.  In 
that  early  day  this  part  of  Ohio  was  a  wil- 
derness, just  as  it  left  the  hand  of  nature, 



and  dense  forests  covered  the  face  of  the 
country,  in  which  wild  animals  abounded. 
Deer  were  plentiful,  and  wolves  made 
night  hideous  with  their  howls.  Settlers 
were  few  and  far  between,  but  their  hos- 
pitality was  freely  given,  and  they  greatly 
enjoyed  visiting  each  other.  Mr.  Kem- 
merling  on  coming  here  entered  govern- 
ment land,  which  he  cleared,  and  began 
farming.  This  occupation  he  followed 
until  1873,  when,  yielding  to  the  infirmi- 
ties of  old  age,  he  retired  from  active 
work  and  took  up  his  residence  in  Gibson- 
burg.  Early  in  life  he  became  identified 
with  the  Evangelical  Church,  and  for 
many  years  was  a  local  preacher,  at  the 
same  time  working  on  his  farm.  He 
traveled  all  over  that  section  of  the  coun- 
try on  horseback,  as  was  the  custom  in 
those  days,  holding  meetings  at  different 
points,  sometimes  being  for  weeks  on  the 
road.  The  life  was  one  of  hardship,  but 
no  one  can  tell  the  amount  of  good  ac- 
complished by  these  pioneer  preachers, 
the  advance  guard  of  the  great  army  of 
Christian  people  who  now  fill  the  churches 
of  our  land.  Mr.  Kemmerling  was  faith- 
ful in  his  self-imposed  task  until  he  grew 
old  and  his  voice  gave  out,  and  he  was 
obliged  to  cease  preaching.  He  died  Oc- 
tober II,  1893,  regretted  by  all  who  knew 
him.  He  was  an  old-time  Whig,  and  la- 
ter, when  the  Republican  party  was 
formed,  joined  its  ranks. 

The  mother  of  our  subject,  who  was 
the  second  wife  of  Mr.  Kemmerling,  was 
born  March  23,  1835,  daughter  of  Abra- 
ham and  Elizabeth  (Snyder)  Unger,  and 
is  still  living.  She  became  the  mother  of 
five  children,  as  follows:  Salome,  who 
married  Charles  Fairbanks,  and  lives  in 
Madison  township;  Samantha,  wife  of 
Alpheus  Fraunfelter,  living  in  Gibson- 
burg;  A.  B.,  our  subject;  Franklin,  living 
in  Cleveland,  Ohio;  and  Lillie,  wife  of 
James  Bowerson,  who  lives  in  Cleveland. 
By  his  first  marriage  our  subject's  father 
had  thirteen  children,  five  of  whom  are 
deceased;    the     others    are:     Catherine, 

wife  of  David  Garn,  living  in  Indiana; 
James,  John  and  Edward,  all  of  whom 
live  in  Michigan,  and  who  were  all  sol- 
diers in  the  Union  army  during  the  Civil 
war;  Mary,  married  to  Mr.  Mowry,  and 
living  in  Illinois;  Maggie,  married  to  H. 
Overmyer,  and  living  in  Indiana;  Julia, 
wife  of  James  Garn,  of  Indiana,  and  El- 
len, who  married  H.  C.  Brost,  and  re- 
sides in  Michigan. 

The  subject  of  this  sketch  grew  to 
manhood  in  Madison  township,  attending 
the  schools  at  Gibsonburg  and  gaining  a 
common-school  education.  At  twenty- 
two  years  of  age  he  began  taking  contracts 
for  timber  from  a  railroad  company,  which 
business  he  carried  on  until  nearly  two 
years  ago,  in  the  meantime  clerking  at 
times.  On  November  16,  1893,  he 
bought  out  the  dry-goods  firm  of  J.  W. 
Miller,  of  which  he  is  the  sole  proprietor. 
He  is  doing  a  flourishing  business,  and 
ranks  among  the  best  and  most  progres- 
sive citizens  of  Gibsonburg.  Mr.  Kem- 
merling was  married  February  26,  1891, 
to  Mrs.  Emma  Downing,  who  was  born 
in  Cornwall,  England,  in  1859,  and  they 
have  one  child.  Bliss.  Socially  Mr.  Kem- 
merling is  affiliated  with  the  I.  O.  O.  F., 
K.  of  P.,  K.  O.  T.  M.,  P.  O.  S.  of  A.  and 
F.  &  A.  M. ;  in  politics  he  is  a  Repub- 

DANIEL  KERNS  is  one  of  the  most 
widely-known  and  highly-respect- 
ed citizens  of  Sandusky  county — 
a  man  whose  well-spent  life  has 
gained  for  him  the  esteem  of  all  with 
whom  business  or  social  relations  have 
brought  him  in  contact.  He  was  born 
June  23,  1817,  in  Columbiana  (now  Ma- 
honing) county,  Ohio,  son  of  Abraham 
and  Elizabeth  (Misheye)  Kerns,  who  were 
natives  of  Pennsylvania,  where  the  pater- 
nal grandfather,  George  Kerns,  was  also 

The  parents  of  our  subject  removed  to 
Ohio  during  its  pioneer  days,  and  settled 

c4y.  79' ^^^f^ 



upon  an  8oo-acre  tract  of  land  that  form- 
ed a  part  of  WashinRtoii  township,  San- 
dusky county.  The  place  being  then 
heavily  covered  with  timber,  Mr.  Kerns 
at  once  began  to  clear  and  improve  it, 
and  at  the  time  of  his  death  all  but  a  few 
acres  had  been  placed  under  the  plow. 
He  was  an  industrious  and  energetic  man, 
and  those  traits  of  industry  and  economy 
which  had  so  much  to  do  with  his  success 
were  early  instilled  into  the  minds  of  his 
children.  The  family  was  a  large  one, 
numbering  eleven  children,  namely:  >fary, 
who  was  killed  by  accident  during  her 
early  girlhood;  John,  of  Wayne  county, 
Ohio;  Anna,  who  became  the  wife  of 
Michael  Powell,  and  died  leaving  four 
children — Albert,  Richard,  Susan  and 
Lydia;  Sarah,  who  became  the  wife  of 
Samuel  Powell,  and  died  when  well  ad- 
vanced in  years,  leaving  a  large  family; 
Jacob,  a  retired  farmer  of  Alliance,  Ohio; 
Daniel,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Solomon; 
Lydia;  Lavina;  Josiah,  an  M.  E.  minister 
of  Kansas;  and  Isaiah,  of  Newton,  Iowa, 
land  agent,  notary  public  and  abstracter 
of  titles. 

Thus  amid  the  wild  scenes  of  the  fron- 
tier Daniel  Kerns  was  reared,  and  with 
the  family  shared  in  the  usual  e.xperiences 
of  pioneer  life.  He  remained  at  home 
with  his  (ather  until  his  twenty-first  birth- 
day, attending  the  district  school  in  the 
winter,  and  aiding  in  the  labors  of  the 
farm  through  the  summer  months.  On 
attaining  his  majority  he  began  studying 
for  the  ministry,  and  after  a  thorough 
course  returned  to  his  home  and  became 
a  circuit  preacher,  traveling  through 
Washington  township.  After  remaining 
here  for  a  year,  he  went  to  Illinois,  being 
the  first  minister  to  establish  an  Evan- 
gelical society  in  the  city  of  Chicago, 
where  he  spent  one  year,  and  then  again 
returning  to  Sandusky  county  was  placed 
on  the  Marion  circuit.  The  succeeding 
seven  years  of  his  life  were  devoted  to 
ministerial  work,  and  then,  on  account  of 
ill  health,    he  was  compelled  to    retire. 

During  this  time  he  had  saved  what  little 
he  earned,  and  he  now  invested  his  capital 
in  eighty  acres  of  farm  land,  which  owing 
to  his  care  and  cultivation  has  become 
valuable  property.  In  the  years  that  fol- 
lowed he  devoted  his  energies  to  agricul- 
tural pursuits  until  1886,  when  he  retired 
from  active  business  life  and  took  up  his 
residence  in  Lindsey.  He  still  retains 
possession  of  his  farm,  which  comprises 
285   acres  and  yields  him  a  good  income. 

On  March  30,  1843,  Daniel  Kerns 
was  united  in  marriage  with  Miss  Julia, 
daughter  of  Rev.  Michael  and  Polly  (Wolt) 
Walter,  whose  family  numbered  four  chil- 
dren— John,  Julia,  Susan  and  Katie.  The 
marriage  of  our  subject  and  his  wife  has 
been  blessed  with  thirteen  children:  Caro- 
line Mary,  born  March  5,  1845,  and  be- 
came the  wife  of  William  Collar;  Almira, 
born  October  28,  1846,  died  at  the  age 
of  four  weeks;  Rebecca  P.,  born  Novem- 
ber 5,  1847,  became  the  wife  of  W.  W. 
Smith,  a  farmer  of  Sandusky  county,  and 
they  have  two  children;  Lidda  Anna, 
born  January  17,  1850,  is  the  wife  of 
Theodore  Kerns,  a  coal  dealer  of  Cleve- 
land, Ohio,  by  whom  she  had  one  child, 
now  deceased;  Isaiah  M.,  born  August  9, 
1 85 1,  died  at  the  age  of  nine  years;  Ben- 
jamin F. ,  born  September  22,  1853,  is 
deceased;  Josiah,  born  January  19,  1856, 
and  John  C,  born  April  22,  1857,  are 
both  deceased;  Obadiah,  born  July  3, 
1859,  is  a  farmer;  Emma,  born  August 
21,  1 86 1,  is  the  wife  of  John  Slates,  a 
miller  by  trade,  residing  near  Fremont, 
and  they  have  two  children;  Allen,  born 
November  5,  1863.  is  a  farmer;  Ida,  bom 
May  9,  1866.  died  at  the  age  of  eighteen 
years;  Dora  V.,  born  October  9,  1868,  is 
the  wife  of  Charles  Schaebner,  a  razor 
grinder,  and  they  have  one  child. 

Mr.  Kerns  was  formerly  a  member  of 
the  Grangers.  He  votes  with  the  Prohi- 
bition party,  and  is  a  warm  advocate  of 
the  cause  of  temperance,  giving  his  sup- 
port to  all  reforms  and  measures  calcu- 
lated to  uplift  humanity  in  general.      His 



noble  Christian  life  is  one  well  worthy  of 
emulation,  and  all  who  know  Daniel 
Kerns  have  for  him  the  highest  regard. 

JOHN  MALCOLM,  one  of  the  sub- 
stantial and  influential  citizens  of 
Clj'de,  exemplified  in  his  younger 
days  the  nobility  of  labor  in  a  man- 
ner so  thorough  as  few  of  his  compeers 
have  done.  He  is  a  native  of  Scotland, 
and  brought  with  him  to  Ohio  a  rugged 
constitution,  an  invincible  spirit,  a  latent 
gift  of  energy  which  was  expended  upon 
the  primeval  forests  of  Ashland  county 
with  telling  effect.  It  has  been  said  that 
the  Malcolm  family  cleared  up  more  land 
than  any  other  in  Ashland  county.  In 
one  year  it  cleared  off  forty-two  acres, 
fenced  it,  and  put  the  virgin  soil  in  wheat. 
In  that  elder  day  the  recital  of  this  feat 
meant  more  than  it  does  now,  for  the 
present  generation  can  not  so  well  grasp 
the  tremendous  amount  of  labor  involved 
in  the  primitive  clearing  of  land  as  could 
their  forefathers  who  did  the  work.  Labor 
was  then  the  cardinal  virtue,  the  chief 
avenue  to  success. 

Mr.  Malcolm  was  born  at  Aberdeen, 
Scotland,  October  15,  1821,  son  of  Alex- 
ander and  Barbara  (Richie)  Malcolm. 
Alexander  Malcolm  was  a  gardener,  and 
his  father,  William  Malcolm,  was  a  milk- 
man, among  whose  customers  was  the 
Aberdeen  Lunatic  Asylum.  Two  sons  of 
William  Malcolm,  Arthur  and  James,  par- 
ticipated in  the  battle  of  Waterloo,  one 
of  the  most  fateful  in  the  world's  history. 
They  were  stationed  in  the  famous  wheat 
field,  where  the  regiment,  or  rather  the  re- 
mains of  it,  had  ' '  formed  square, "  and  for 
some  time  were  confronted  on  three  sides 
by  Napoleon's  heavy  cavalry,  who  charg- 
ed them  again  and  again  without  breaking 
the  square.  Both  were  wounded,  and 
both  drew  subsequent  pensions  for  their 
injuries.  A  son  of  Arthur  Malcolm,  Ar- 
thur by  name,  and  also  a  daughter,  now 
reside  at  Akron,  Ohio.      Alexander   Mal- 

colm in  1835  emigrated  with  his  large 
family  to  America.  Landing  at  New  York 
he  came  directly  to  Ohio,  and  after  spend- 
ing several  months  in  Westfield  township, 
Medina  county,  and  Savannah,  Ashland 
county,  he  purchased  one  hundred  acres 
of  forest  land  in  Ruggles  township,  in  the 
latter  county.  There  were  then  no  roads, 
game  abounded,  and  bands  of  wandering 
Indians  still  strolled  through  the  premises. 
Here  Alexander  fashioned  for  himself  his 
permanent  home,  clearing  the  land  and 
farming  industriously  until  his  death, 
which  occurred  when  he  was  aged  sixty- 
seven  years.  His  faithful  wife,  ten  years 
his  senior,  preceded  him  to  the  grave  by 
about  eighteen  months.  He  was  a  Presby- 
terian in  religious  faith,  and  an  unwaver- 
ing Whig  and  Republican  in  politics.  His 
family  of  ten  children  was  as  follows: 
Alexander,  who  died  in  mature  life;  Archi- 
bald, a  resident  of  Northwest  township, 
Williams  county;  William,  who  reared  a 
family,  and  passed  away  many  years  ago 
(his  eldest  son  David  died  in  the  Civil 
war);  John,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Jane, 
wife  of  Conrad  Brandeberry,  of  Mont- 
pelier,  Williams  county;  James  (retired), 
of  New  London;  Charles,  who  died  un- 
married; Thomas,  who  reared  a  family  in 
Williams  county,  and  died  there;  Robert, 
who  reared  a  family  in  Ruggles  township, 
and  is  now  deceased;  David,  who  died  at 
the  age  of  two  years. 

John  Malcolm  was  in  his  fifteenth 
year  when  he  came  with  his  father's  fam- 
ily to  Ohio.  He  assisted  his  father  on 
the  farm,  but  after  the  latter's  start  there 
was  an  abundance  of  labor  in  the  family, 
and  John  became  a  clerk  for  King  & 
Gunn,  of  Medina,  afterward  King  & 
King.  After  a  clerkship  of  several  years 
he  returned  to  the  farm,  where  he  re- 
mained until  his  marriage,  in  1844,  to 
Miss    Harriet   S.  Munger,  who   was   born 

Livingston    county,    N.    Y. ,    April    5, 


1826,  and  the  daughter  of  Jehiel  and  Be- 
linda (Janes)  Munger,  both  natives  of 
New   York.      In    1831    they  migrated   to 



Ohio  and  settled  in  Townsend  township, 
Sandusky  county,  where  the  father  died 
in  1845.  and  the  mother  some  years  later. 
Here,  too,  died  the  father  of  Jehiel,  also 
named  Jehiel  Munj,'er,  an  Enfjlishman  by 
birth.  The  children  born  to  Jehiel  and 
Belinda  Mungerwere  as  follows:  Chapin 
Richard,  who  reared  a  family  and  died  in 
Oregon;  Clarissa,  who  died  in  chiKlhood; 
William  K..  who  died,  unmarried,  in 
Townsend;  Hiram  .\.,  of  Clyde;  Harriet 
S. ,  wife  of  John  Malcolm;  Daniel  N., 
who  died  in  California,  unmarried;  Tem- 
ple Jane,  deceased  in  childhood;  Tylei 
E.,  also  deceased  in  childhood;  Axie  I., 
who  married  Edward  Wheeler,  and  died 
in  Rochester  township,  Lorain  Co.,  Ohio; 
Jehiel,  a  bachelor,  residing  in  California; 
Theresa  M.,  whose  child  by  her  first  mar- 
riage, Rufey  Jordan,  was  the  first  woman 
admitted  to  the  bar  in  the  United  States 
(she  practiced  at  Seattle,  Wash.,  and  died 
at  Chicago  during  the  \\'orld's  Columbian 
E.xposition.  Theresa  M.  married,  for  her 
second  husband,  Simeon  Ketchel,  of  Cold- 
water,  Mich.). 

After  marriage  John  and  Harriet 
Malcolm  began  housekeeping  on  a  farm 
in  Ruggles  township,  Ashland  county. 
He  helped  to  clear  up  the  old  farm,  then 
bought  I  36  acres  and  helped  clear  it  also. 
Since  marriage  he,  with  his  own  hands, 
cleared  100  acres  or  more,  and  he  still 
owns  106  acres  of  fine  land  in  Ruggles 
township.  He  was  engaged  in  grain  and 
stock-farming  until  1866,  when  he  re- 
moved with  his  family  to  Clyde,  and  he 
has  since  been  a  resident  of  that  city. 
Mr.  Malcolm  has  two  children,  Barbara 
B.  and  Marvin  J.,  the  former  of  whom  is 
the  wife  of  B.  F.  Rogers,  and  lives  on 
Piety  Hill,  at  Clyde;  her  children  are 
Malcolm,  Lillie  and  Archie.  Marvin  J. 
is  married  to  Adelaide  Rober,  and  lives  at 
Clyde.  Mr.  Malcolm  has  been  marshal 
of  Clyde  for  nearly  five  years.  He  has 
served  as  cemetery  trustee  three  years, 
and  for  twenty-seven  years  has  been  a 
prominent  member  of  the  I.  O.  O.  V.     In 

politics  he  is  a  Republican.  In  June, 
1888.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Malcolm  took  a  pro- 
tracted trip  to  California,  visiting  friends 
at  Yuba  City,  Sutter  county,  and  travel- 
ing extensively  on  the  Pacific  coast.  He 
now  lives  a  retired  life  in  the  full  enjoy- 
ment of  the  comforts  which  have  come  to 
him  after  a  busy  and  well-spent  career. 

AB.  FRENCH.  There  are  lives 
which  rise  so  high  above  the 
level  of  the  masses  as  to  give  to 
the  disinterested  spectator  the 
impression  of  picturesque  Alpine  scenery, 
in  contrast  to  the  monotony  of  the  prai- 
rie. Spirits  are  born  to  dwell  in  a  human 
incasement  of  a  fiber  more  delicate,  of  a 
strength  more  tenacious  and  of  a  mental 
force  more  subtle  and  elusive  than  falls 
to  the  usual  lot  of  mortal  man.  The  ca- 
reer of  A.  B.  French,  a  prominent  citi- 
zen of  Clyde,  is  a  most  remarkable  one, 
remarkable  for  the  strange  powers  he  has 
possessed  and  exercised  among  men;  re- 
markable for  its  literary  excellence;  re- 
markable for  the  various  channels  in 
which  his  efforts  have  been  successfully 
exerted.  As  lecturer.  Spiritualist,  orator, 
nurseryman,  author  and  lawyer,  in  what- 
ever he  has  undertaken,  he  has  excelled. 
Mr.  French  was  born  in  Trumbull 
county,  Ohio,  September  13,  1838,  son 
of  Samuel  and  Amelia  (Belden)  FVench, 
the  former  of  whom  still  survives;  the 
latter  died  in  1879.  Samuel  French  was 
born  in  Oswego  county,  N.  Y.,  October 
2,  1815,  son  of  Byron  F'rench,  a  New 
Englander  of  Puritan  stock.  Amelia  Bel- 
den was  born  near  Hartford,  Conn.,  in 
1812,  daughter  of  Asel  Belden.  Byron 
French  and  Asel  Belden  were  both  early 
pioneers  in  the  wilderness  of  northeastern 
Ohio,  and  here  their  son  and  daughter 
married.  Samuel  French  is  a  representa- 
tive type  of  the  sturdy  Jacksonian-Demo- 
crat.  In  his  school  d.iys  A.  B.  French, 
the  subject  of  this  sketch,  was  a  pre- 
cocious youth.       He  acquired  his  lessons 



without  apparent  effort,  and  easily  led  his 
class  in  mental  attainments.  It  was  dur- 
ing these  days  that  perhaps  the  greatest 
crisis  of  his  life  occurred.  Spiritual  rap- 
pings  began  to  be  heard  in  his  native 
town.  The  mother  and  sister  of  Mr. 
French  were  among  the  first  to  be  in- 
fluenced. They  were  both  highly  me- 
diumistic.  A.  B.  was  at  the  age  of  six- 
teen a  student  at  Western  Reserve  Semi- 
nary, at  Farmington,  with  an  enviable 
record,  high  ambition  and  the  brightest 
prospects.  During  vacation  he  was  at 
work  on  his  father's  farm  one  day,  when, 
weary  and  athirst,  he  sought  the  house. 
Entering,  he  found  mother  and  sister 
both  entranced.  To  him  it  was  a  strange 
manifestation,  and  filled  his  mind  with 
dread.  He  attempted  to  leave,  but  invisi- 
ble beings  commanded  him  to  stay.  Power- 
less, he  sat  down.  A  strange  spell,  such 
as  he  had  never  before  experienced,  came 
over  him.  He  seemed  both  asleep  and 
awake.  Mortified  and  humiliated,  he 
strove  to  shake  off  the  influence,  but  it 
held  him  fast.  He  began  to  talk  and  he 
kept  on  talking.  His  destiny  had  come. 
His  school  days  were  over.  The  inspira- 
tion of  the  spirit  world  moved  him.  He 
found  no  rest  save  when  obeying  its  be- 
hest. At  schoolhouse  and  hall  in  neigh- 
boring towns  he  lectured.  He  constantly 
rebelled,  for  the  public  silently  condemn- 
ed, and  the  sensitive  boy,  then  without 
prophetic  eye,  keenly  felt  the  ostracism 
to  which  he  was  subjected.  Repeatedly 
he  avowed  that  he  would  never  speak 
again,  but  the  influences  held  him  fast. 
Before  he  was  twenty  years  of  age  he  had 
more  calls  than  he  could  fill.  His  fame 
had  widely  extended.  His  charm  of  ut- 
terance and  the  new  strange  thoughts  he 
voiced  held  spellbound  the  crowds  that 
nightly  greeted  him.  Wherever  he  went 
a  revival  of  pentecostal  times  was  in  his 
midst.  The  operation  of  the  psychic 
force  is  thus  described.  When  Mr. 
French  with  closed  eyes  first  began  to 
speak  he  was  almost    unconscious.       His 

condition  slowly  changed  till  it  blended 
with  the  normal  state.  Thoughts  surged 
irresistibly  for  utterance  at  times,  and  the 
audience  was  carried  along  by  the  liood  of 
thought.  Mr.  French's  powers  have 
been  exercised  mostly  in  speaking,  but  to 
some  extent  in  writing,  and  there  appear 
equally  successful. 

In  the  summer  of  1859  Mr.  French 
removed  to  Clyde.  In  1863  he  started  a 
nursery,  with  an  outlook  not  especially 
encouraging  for  the  enterprise,  as  his 
means  were  limited,  but  by  untiring  energy 
and  liberal  dealing  he  has  built  up  a  com- 
manding business,  which  ranks  among  the 
largest  in  this  line  in  the  State,  and  now 
requires  the  services  of  fifty  laborers  and 
salesmen.  In  1870  he  began  reading  law, 
in  1871-72  attended  the  Law  Department 
of  the  University  of  Michigan,  at  Ann 
Arbor,  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  at 
Tifiin  in  1872.  Mr.  French  began  prac- 
ticing law  at  Clyde  in  partnership  with 
Judge  John  M.  Lemmon.  Their  clientele 
grew  rapidly,  and  our  subject  was  retained 
in  many  important  cases;  but  his  health 
failed,  and  in  1875,  after  three  years' 
practice,  he  was  compelled  to  retire.  He 
has  never,  however,  withdrawn  from  the 
platform.  His  services  have  been  actively 
sought  in  many  capacities.  While  devot- 
ing his  attention  to  his  nursery  chiefly,  he 
has  lectured  on  Sundays,  delivered  various 
public  addresses,  including  many  funeral 
discourses,  and  has  perhaps  officiated  at 
more  funerals  than  any  other  speaker  of 
his  age.  His  happy  manner  of  present- 
ing the  glorious  truths  of  immortality,  and 
glimpses  of  a  new  and  beautiful  existence 
beyond  the  fleeting  shadows  of  this  life, 
has  made  calls  upon  his  services  very 
numerous.  In  1876  Mr.  French  was 
unanimously  nominated  on  the  Republi- 
can ticket  for  representative,  and  made  a 
noteworthy  run,  pulling  the  Democratic 
majority  of  800  down  to  about  200,  re- 
ceiving in  his  own  township  the  largest 
vote  ever  given  any  one  candidate.  In 
1878,  when  absent   from   home,   he  was 



again  unanimously  nominated,  but  refused 
the  honor.  From  1881  to  1888  he  was 
en^aped  almost  exclusively  in  lecturing, 
and  from  18S8  to  1.S90  was  a  member  of 
the  Lyceum  Bureau  of  Chicago,  and 
while  lecturing  before  Spiritualistic  audi- 
ences on  Sunday,  addressed  many  literary 
and  church  societies  from  Omaha  to  Bos- 
ton with  marked  success.  He  has  every 
natural  endowment  of  the  popular  orator, 
and  has  won  an  enviable  reputation  under 
difficulties  known  only  to  his  most  inti- 
mate friends.  During  the  past  few  years 
ht  has  devoted  most  of  his  time  to  his  ex- 
tensive nursery  business,  and  the  building 
up  and  improvement  of  the  village  of 
Clyde,  in  which  he  takes  especial  interest 
and  pride. 

In  1892  there  was  published  a  volume 
of  lectures  entitled  "  Gleanings  from  the 
Platform,  by  A.  V>.  French."  The  lec- 
tures included  "William  Denton,"  "Leg- 
ends of  Buddha,"  "Mohammed,  or  the 
Faith  and  Wars  of  Islam,"  "Joseph  Smith 
and  the  Book  of  Mormon.  '  "Conflicts  of 
Life,"  "The  Power  and  Permanency  of 
Ideas,"  "The  Unknown,"  "Probability 
of  Future  Life,"  "Anniversary  Address," 
"The  Egotism  of  Our  Age, "  "  \\'hat  is 
Truth,"  and  "Decoration  .Address." 
These  lectures,  which  are  artistic  gems  of 
literature,  fairly  illustrate  the  author's 
lucid  literary  style,  and  his  originality  of 
thought  and  expression.  The  volume  has 
had  an  extensive*  circulation,  and  is  a 
valuable  addition  to  American  literature. 
The  voluminous  contributions  of  Mr. 
French  to  the  Spiritual  Journal  have 
been  widely  disseminated.  In  his  busy 
life  have  been  blended  the  expression  of 
a  rare  psychic  faculty  and  the  exercise  of 
business  abilities  of  a  high  order.  He  has 
associated  in  the  incorporation  of  Clyde, 
has  served  in  the  city  council,  and  has 
ever  been  identified  with  its  best  inter- 

In  1859  Mr.  French  was  married  to 
Miss  S.  A.  Dewey,  and  to  them  were  born 
two  children:  William   B.,  who  died  at 

the  age  of  twenty-nine  years,  leaving  one 
child,  and  Miss  L.  L.,  who  married  A. 
Byers,  and  has  two  children.  In  Decem- 
ber, 1891.  Mr.  French  was  married  to 
Mrs.  Marv  E.  Thomas,  of  Cardington, 

steam-fitter  and  plumber,  Fre- 
mont, Sandusky  county,  is  one  of 
the  oldest  established  business 
men  in  the  city.  He  is  a  native  of  France, 
born  in  Lorraine  June  14,  1832,  a  son  of 
John  and  Mary  Ann  (Greiner)  Fabing, 
who  were  also  natives  of  Lorraine. 

John  Fabing  in  early  life  learned  the 
trade  of  gunsmith  and  jeweler,  which  he 
followed  until  he  came  to  .America.  In 
1834  he  emigrated,  locating  in  Fayette- 
ville,  Onondaga  Co.,  N.  Y. ,  and  there 
pursuing  his  trade  until  1844,  when  with 
the  sweeping  tide  of  emigration  westward 
he  came  to  the  village  of  Lower  San- 
dusky, now  Fremont,  Sandusky  Co., 
Ohio,  and  established  a  home.  His  death 
occurred  July  2,  1845,  his  wife  surviving 
until  1882,  when  she  died,  at  Fremont,  at 
the  age  of  seventy-nine  years.  Their 
children  were:  Catharine,  wife  of  John 
Young,  of  Pilot  Hill,  Cal. ;  John,  a  farmer 
of  Jackson  township,  Sandusky  county, 
who  died  at  the  age  of  fifty-two  years; 
Lena,  who  married  in  1S45,  and  died  in 
1847,  leaving  two  children;  one  that  died 
in  infancy;  Frederick,  subject  of  this 
sketch;  and  Barbara,  wife  of  M.  Hazel- 
tine,  of  Baker  City,  Oregon.  Mr.  Fabing 
was  a  Democrat  and  a  member  of  the 
Roman  Catholic  Church. 

Frederick  Fabing  attended  the  com- 
mon schools  in  Fayettcville,  N.  Y. ,  until 
twelve  years  of  age,  when  he  came  with 
his  father's  family  to  Sandusky  county, 
Ohio.  He  remembers  distinctly  the  open 
winter  of  1844,  the  voyage  on  shipboard 
from  Buffalo  to  Sandusky  City,  the  subse- 
quent trip  to  Lower  Sandusky,  all  the 
way  by  boat,    and    the    landing    at    that 



place  on  the  24th  of  December,  1844. 
The  famous  "  Black  Swamp"  was  then  a 
wilderness,  and  only  ten  or  twelve  families 
had  settled  between  here  and  Toleflo. 
He  used  to  engage  in  the  sports  of  the 
time,  hunting  deer  and  other  wild  game 
in  the  deep  forests.  In  1850  Mr.  Fabing 
joined  a  caravan  to  cross  the  Western 
Plains  to  California.  This  caravan  was 
in  charge  of  a  Mr.  McClure,  who  was 
familiar  with  the  Indians  and  believed  in 
treating  them  kindly,  adopting  military 
rule  for  the  government  of  his  men  in  or- 
der to  prevent  any  mistreatment  of  the 
Indians.  On  one  occasion  a  man  of  his 
party  shot  at  a  buck  and  squaw  sitting  on 
a  log  some  distance  away,  but  did  not  hit 
them;  McClure  at  once  had  the  offender 
arrested  and  tried  by  court-martial — by 
which  the  man  was  condemned  to  be  tied 
across  a  wagon  wheel  during  a  half-day's 
travel  over  the  sandy  plain,  so  that  his 
head  and  feet  were  alternately  up  and 
down.  Most  of  the  party  remonstrated, 
but  McClure  was  firm  in  carrying  out  the 
verdict,  claiming  that  if  the  Indians  had 
been  shot  or  even  slightly  wounded  the 
whole  caravan  might  have  been  massa- 
cred. On  being  released  the  man  was 
more  dead  than  alive,  but  he  soon  re- 
covered, and  it  is  needless  to  say  that  he 
did  not  shoot  at  the  Redmen  again  during 
the  journey.  Another  precaution  of  Mc- 
Clure for  the  safety  of  his  party  was  that 
of  not  allowing  any  Indians  into  his 
camp.  He  posted  his  pickets  outside, 
and  when  Indians  came  to  beg  food  they 
were  given  coffee,  sugar,  salt,  etc.,  which 
was  divided  up  amongst  them,  and  they 
went  away  peaceably.  In  this  manner 
the  caravan  passed  through  the  most  pow- 
erful tribes  of  the  West  unmolested.  The 
party  fared  well  until  near  the  end  of 
their  journey,  when  rations  became  short. 
From  the  time  they  reached  the  valley  of 
the  Humboldt  river  until  they  entered 
California  each  man  got  only  one  cup  of 
soup  (made  from  a  cow  so  poor  that  there 
was  nothing  left  upon  her)  and  a  handful 

of  crackers  per  day.  Upon  nearing  points 
where  supplies  could  be  had  a  couple  of 
men  were  sent  ahead  on  the  best  horses 
they  had,  and  they  purchased  flour,  for 
which  they  were  obliged  to  pay  two  dol- 
lars per  pound,  and  eighteen  dollars  worth 
of  it  was  cooked  into  cakes  for  the  crowd 
for  one  dinner.  The  first  appearance  of 
white  men  after  crossing  the  Missouri 
river  was  at  Fort  Laramie  on  the  Upper 
Platte,  where  one  company  of  United 
States  troops  was  located.  Mr.  Fabing 
walked  all  the  way  across  the  plains,  ex- 
cept one  day  in  each  week,  when  he  was 
obliged  to  drive  a  team. 

On  reaching  California,  in  August, 
1850,  he  engaged  in  gold  digging,  at 
Cold  Springs,  near  Placerville,  remaining 
there  until  fall,  when  he  went  to  Shasto, 
on  Clear  creek,  where  he  continued  dig- 
ging with  good  success  in  1854.  He  re- 
turned home  by  way  of  the  Panama  route 
and  New  York  City,  remaining  a  short 
time  to  visit  with  friends,  returned  to  the 
gold  field  by  the  Tehuantepec  route,  lo- 
cated on  the  upper  branch  of  the  Amer- 
ican river  for  a  time,  and  then  returned 
to  Shasto.  Here  he  had  fair  success  and 
secured  enough  gold  to  pay  him  for  all 
his  time.  Mr.  Fabing  in  1857  returned 
to  Fremont,  and  in  1862  became  con- 
nected with  the  Fremont  Gas  Company, 
with  which  he  continued  about  twenty- 
eight  years,  most  of  the  time  in  the  ca- 
pacity of  superintendent.  He  became 
interested  and  skilled  in  the  gas- 
fitting  and  plumbing  business,  which 
he  followed  in  connection  with  his 
other  duties,  so  that  on  retiring  from 
the  office  of  president  he  found  him- 
self controlling  the  chief  trade  in 
that  line  in  Fremont.  In  1865  Mr. 
Fabing  and  Mr.  Heim  jointly  built  the 
block  which  bears  their  names,  Fabing 
&  Heim,  and  the  former  still  hold  his  in- 
terest in  it.  He  is  also  one  of  the  heavi- 
est stockholders  in  the  Opera  House 
Company.  In  politics  he  is  a  Repub- 
lican.     In    1865    he   joined   the    Masons, 



being  a  member  of  Fort  Stephenson 
Lodf^e.  No.  225,  of  I'remont.  and  ad- 
vancetl  in  Masonry  to  Knight  Templar, 
becoming  a  member  of  De  Molay  Com- 
mandcry,  No.  9.  K.  T. .  Tiffin,  Ohio. 
In  1858  Mr.  Fabing  married  Miss  Mary 
J.  Webber,  who  was  born  in  Alsace, 
Germany,  in  1833. 

EDWARD  H.    RUSSELL,   a  real- 
estate   and  insurance  agent,   and 
manager  of  the  Opera  House,  Fre- 
mont, Sandusky  county,  was  born 
at  I'remont  June  14.  1S55,  son  of  Henry 
S.  and  Margaret    Hawkins;  Russell. 

Henry  Shubel  Russell  was  born  in 
Morgan  county,  Ohio,  in  181 7,  and  came 
to  Lower  Sandusky,  now  F'remont,  with 
his  father,  in  pioneer  days.  He  was  a 
master  builder  and  contractor.  He  served 
as  sheriff  of  Sandusky  county  from  1865 
to  1869;  he  married  in  Lower  Sandusky, 
in  1843,  a  daughter  of  Thomas  L.  Haw- 
kins, a  local  preacher  of  the  M.  E.  Church, 
from  Franklin  county,  Ohio.  Mr.  Haw- 
kins and  his  wife  were  natives  of  Ken- 
tucky, and  came  in  1817  to  Lower  San- 
dusky, of  which  town  he  was  one  of  the 
incorporators,  and  he  was  a  man  of  re- 
markable pluck  and  energy.  He  was  a 
cabinet  maker,  and  to  get  water-power 
built  the  mill-race  which  is  still  in  exis- 
tence at  F'remont,  and  erected  thereon  a 
sawmill.  In  politics  he  was  an  Old-line 
Whig.  In  March,  1856,  he  moved  to 
\'inton,  Iowa,  where  he  and  his  wife  died 
at  an  advanced  age.  To  Henry  and  Mar- 
garet (Hawkins)  Russell  were  born  four 
children:  Frank  W.,  who  enlisted  August 
7,  1862.  at  I'remont.  Ohio,  in  Company 
K,  One  Huii(ire«ilh  Regiment,  O.  \ .  I., 
went  into  active  ser^•ice,  was  captured  at 
Limestone  Station,  Tenn.,  September  8, 
1 863.  and  died  in  a  Rebel  prison  at  Rich- 
mond, Va.,  July  24.  1864:  Henry,  who 
died  at  the  age  of  fifteen  years;  Ella,  wife 
of  C.  A.  Freeman,  a  grocer  of  Fremont, 
Ohio;  and  Edward  H.,  whose  name  intro- 

duces this  sketch.  The  fathers  death 
occurred  May  18,  1876.  In  politics,  he 
was  a  Democrat. 

Edward  H.  Russell  was  reared  in  the 
city  of  I-'rcmont.  and  educated  in  the  jnib- 
lic  schools.  On  leaving  school  he  trav- 
eled as  business  manager  of  a  theatrical 
company  for  a  period  of  eight  years,  and 
then  returned  to  Fremont  to  engage  in 
the  insurance  business.  In  1890  he  took 
stock  in  the  Fremont  Opera  House  Com- 
pany, and  became  its  business  manager. 
Socially,  Mr.  Russell  is  one  of  the  charter 
members  of  Fremont  Lodge  No.  204, 
Knightsof  Pythias;  a  charter  member  and 
Past  Exalted  Ruler  of  IVemont  Lodge 
No.  169,  B.  P.  O.  E. ;  a  charter  member 
and  first  financial  secretary  of  Sherman 
Lodge  No.  III.  A.  O.  U.  W. ;  a  member 
of  Edna  Council  No.  64.  National  I'nion; 
and  a  charter  member  and  first  presiding 
officer  of  Onoko  Tribe  No.  140.  Improved 
Order  of  Red  Men.  On  January  9.  1883. 
Mr.  Russell  married  Laura  L.  Sny- 
der, daughter  of  Maj.  S.  A.  J.  Snyder,  of 
the  Seventy-second  Regiment,  O.  V.  I., 
ex-postmaster  of  Fremont,  who  died  in 
1889,  and  whose  widow,  Clementine 
(Creager),  resides  in  I'remont,  Ohio. 
The  children  of  E.  H.  and  Laura  L.  Rus- 
sell are:  .Arthur  McKnight,  Major  Henrj', 
Harry  Allen  and  Paul  Edward  Russell. 
Mrs.  Russell  is  a  member  of  St.  Paul's 
Episcopal  Church. 

prietors of  the  Fremont  Steam 
Laundry,  are  well-known  business 
men  of  Fremont,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, and  have  been  engaged  in  their  present 
enterprise  since  1.S90.  Their  excellent 
work,  especially  in  the  line  of  shirts,  col- 
lars and  cuffs,  has  gained  for  them  an  ex- 
tended reputation,  and  been  the  means 
of  establishing  a  trade  which  comes  to 
them  from  all  over  Northern  Ohio,  and 
also  from  Michigan  and  Indiana,  within 
a    radius  of    1 50  miles.      They  have   the 



finest  plant  and  the  best  equipments 
for  a  laundry  that  the  most  advanced 
ideas  in  machinery  and  methods  have 
been  able  to  perfect.  Besides  these  almost 
perfect  appliances  and  skilled  operators, 
Fremont  affords  them  a  quality  of  water 
not  to  be  found  elsewhere.  With  these 
advantages  and  the  well-known  business 
ability  and  integrity  of  its  managers,  the 
success  of  the  enterprise  is  assured.  Of 
the  proprietors  themselves,  the  following 
sketches  will  be  of  interest. 

H.  J.  Starr  was  borninElyria,  Ohio, 
in  1857,  and  is  the  son  of  Horace  Starr, 
of  Starr  Brothers,  who  were  for  years 
among  the  leading  merchants  of  north- 
ern Ohio,  and  were  very  prominent  in 
Elyria.  He  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  his  native  place,  and  on  arriv- 
ing at  manhood  took  charge  of  a  Boston 
mining  compan}'.  Later  he  filled  the  po- 
sition of  commissary  for  a  railroad  con- 
struction company  in  Virginia.  When 
this  work  was  completed  he  decided  to 
take  up  some  business  more  permanent 
in  its  nature,  and  with  Mr.  Tunnington 
purchased  the  laundry  which  they  are 
now  operating.  Mr.  Starr  is  a  man  of 
excellent  business  abilities,  very  accommo- 
dating, and  of  a  quiet,  pleasant  disposi- 
tion which  makes  him  friends  wherever 
he  goes.  He  is  very  popular  with  the 
people  of  Fremont,  and  is  a  good  citizen. 

F.  M.  Tunnington,  the  other  partner 
in  this  firm,  is  a  native  of  this  State,  hav- 
ing been  born  in  Cleveland,  December  19, 
1858.  He  grew  to  manhood  in  Elyria,  and 
learned  the  trade  of  a  printer  in  the  office 
of  the  Republican  in  that  place,  working 
at  this  about  seven  years  in  Elyria  and 
Cleveland.  He  subsequently  embarked 
in  the  laundry  business  in  Cleveland  for  a 
short  time,  and  then  went  to  Friendship, 
N.  Y. ,  where  he  perfected  himself  in  the 
details  of  the  business,  carrying  on  a 
laundry  there  for  two  years.  He  then 
sold  out  and  went  on  the  road  for  a  year, 
selling  laundry  fixtures  and  machinery. 
Returning    to    Elyria    he    purchased    a 

laundry,  but  subsequently  disposed  of  it, 
and  with  his  present  partner,  Mr.  Starr, 
came  to  Fremont,  where  they  have  estab- 
lished the  fine  plant  which  has  already 
been  spoken  of.  Mr.  Tunnington  is  an 
expert  in  his  line,  and  it  is  mainly  due  to 
his  advanced  methods  of  doing  work  that 
the  Fremont  Steam  Laundry  has  acquired 
its  enviable  reputation. 


ARIv  THRAVES,  farmer  and 
dealer  in  live  stock,  Ballville 
township,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born  in  Nottinghamshire, 
England,  December  7,  1832,  a  son  of 
William  and  Marilla  (Graves)  Thraves, 
whose  history  appears  elsewhere. 

Our  subject  came  with  his  parents  to 
America  when  he  was  eleven  years  of 
age,  and  grew  up  on  a  farm  in  Washing- 
ton township,  Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio.  In 
the  latter  part  of  1859  he  went  to  Fre- 
mont to  learn  the  trade  of  blacksmith, 
serving  an  apprenticeship  under  Solomon 
Lansing,  who  afterward  removed  to  Mich- 
igan, and  after  whom  it  is  probable  the 
city  of  Lansing  was  named.  In  Decem- 
ber, 185 1,  Mr.  Thraves  started  for  Cali- 
fornia by  way  of  the  Panama  route,  tak- 
ing passage  on  a  steamer  at  New  York 
bound  for  the  town  of  Chagres,  at  the 
mouth  of  Chagres  river,  on  the  Isthmus 
of  Panama.  The  trip  was  a  most  haz- 
ardous one,  the  steamer  losing  one  of  her 
side-wheels  and  being  nearly  wrecked, 
making  it  necessary  to  put  in  for  repairs 
on  the  way.  Upon  reaching  the  Isthmus 
of  Panama,  the  passengers  were  rowed 
and  poled  up  the  river  Chagres,  in  small 
boats,  by  the  natives,  and  were  some- 
times obliged  to  land  and  walk  while  the 
boats  were  carried  around  the  rapids. 
After  leaving  this  river  the  passengers 
had  to  make  an  overland  trip  of  twenty- 
five  miles  before  reaching  the  Pacific 
coast.  The  men  walked,  while  the  wo- 
men rode  mules  furnished  by  the  citizens. 
To  the  consternation  of  Mr.  Thraves  and 

^-^iiaA   s^^ 




his  fellow  travolers,  upon  rcachinR  the 
port  on  the  Pacific,  they  learned  that  the 
re^;ular  steamer  was  already  so  loaded 
with  passengers  that  they  could  not  get 
aboard,  and  that  nothinf,'  remained  (or 
them  but  to  take  a  sailing  vessel  for  the 
vovape  to  San  I'rancisco.  The  N'aiider- 
bilt  Line,  with  whom  they  had  shipped 
from  New  York,  had  no  steam  line  on  the 
Pacific,  and  so  they  took  pjissage  on  the 
brif;  "  NlarRaret."  They  put  out  to  sea 
with  a  fair  wind,  but  when  within  one 
degree  of  the  equator  struck  a  dead  calm, 
in  which  they  were  obliged  to  lie  helpless 
(or  two  weeks,  during  which  time  twelve 
of  the  passengers  took  sick  and  died. 
They  finally  succeeded  in  pulling  into  the 
harbor  of  San  Bias,  Mexico,  where  the 
brig  lay  (or  a  week,  to  the  no  small  solic- 
itude o(  the  250  passengers.  The  re- 
mainder o{  their  voyage  was  tedious  in 
thf  e.xtreme.  Perhaps  apprehending 
further  trouble,  the  captain  of  the  brig 
put  it  in  charge  of  the  mate,  and  himself 
remained  behind.  Provisions  ran  short, 
and  for  the  last  three  weeks  each  person 
had  to  live  upon  three  spoonsful  of  cooked 
rice  and  a  pint  of  coffee  per  day;  and  up- 
on reaching  San  Francisco  there  was  not 
a  half  bushel  of  rice  left  on  board  the 
brig,  and  no  other  article  of  food  what- 
ever. They  had  been  thirteen  weeks  up- 
on the  sailing  vessel,  whereas  only  four- 
teen days  were  requisite  to  make  the  trip 
by  steamer. 

Unlike  most  other  men  wht)  went  to 
California'  at  that  period,  N(r.  Thraves 
turned  his  attention  at  once  to  farming, 
the  raising  of  wheat  and  other  grains  in 
Sacramento  county,  a5>  on  account  of  the 
high  price  of  flour  ($50  per  sack)  it  was 
more  profitable  than  gold  mining  to  one 
who  knew  more  about  farming  than  about 
mining.  In  the  month  of  June.  1S5O, 
Mr.  Thraves  returned  home  to  Ohio,  and 
remained  among  his  friends  until  the  fol- 
lowmg  .Xpril.  when,  with  his  brother 
William,  he  started   back    for  California. 

On  crossing  the  Isthmus  of  Panama  they 

met  with  a  sad  accident.  The  train  upon 
which  they  were  riding  was  wrecked,  and 
William  Thraves,  with  sixty  others,  was 
crushed  to  death;  more  than  360  were  in- 
jured. All  those  who  were  killed  were 
buried  on  the  Isthinus.  Controlling  his 
grief  as  best  he  could,  our  subject  com- 
pleted his  journey  to  California,  where  he 
followed  gold  mining  in  Yuba  county,  on 
the  American  river.  In  1858  he  made  a 
trip  into  British  Columbia  and  Vancou- 
ver Island.  In  December,  i860,  he  re- 
turned to  Ohio,  where  he  has  since  that 
time  been  engaged  in  his  favorite  pursuit 
of  farming  and  stock  raising,  in  which  he 
has  been  remarkablv  successful. 

In  politics  our  subject  is  a  Democrat, 
and  though  not  an  office  seeker  has  held 
various  offices  in  his  township,  where  he 
is  justly  recognized  as  one  of  the  leading 
and  most  enterprising  citizens.  He  has 
for  many  years  been  a  member  of  the  I. 
O.  O.  F. ,  at  Green  Spring,  Ohio. 

On  April  3,  1862,  Mark  Thraves  was 
married  to  Miss  Sarah  Htifford.  who  was 
born  April  17.  1834.  daughter  of  Cornel- 
ius and  Mary  Jane  (Zook)  HufTord.  with 
whom  she  came  to  Sandusky  county, 
Ohio,  when  two  years  old.  and  has  since 
lived  here.  Her  education  was  obtained 
in  the  district  schools  of  Ballville  town- 
ship, and,  with  the  exception  of  two  years 
previous  to  her  marriage,  she  resided  with 
her  parents.  Her  father  was  born  in 
1806  in  Kentucky,  became  an  early  pio- 
neer of  Ohio,  and  died  in  Ballville  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county.  March  14.  1884. 
being  buried  in  Washington  Chapel  Cem- 
etery. Washington  township.  Sandusky 
county;  he  was  a  blacksmith  by  trade, 
and  a  model  farmer.  His  wife  was  born 
in  1809  in  Pennsylvania,  died  in  1882, 
an<l  was  also  laid  to  rest  in  the  above- 
named  cemetery.  Their  children  were: 
Sarah  (Mrs.  Thraves).  Simon.  Elizabeth 
(Mrs.  N.  Rathbun).  Catharine  (Mrs.  J. 
Emerson),  and  Martha  (Mrs.  Ferrenberg), 
all  of  whom  are  living.  .Mrs.  Thraves' 
paternal  grandfutlur    |.(r<ili  Ifufford,  was 



born  in  Kentucky  in  1770,  and  died  in 
Ohio  in  1850;  his  wife,  Catharine  Crea- 
ger,  was  born  in  Ohio  about  the  same 
date.  Her  maternal  grandfather,  Abram 
Zook,  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  in  1765. 
The  children  of  Mark  and  Sarah  Thraves 
were  Delphin,  born  February  28,  1863; 
William,  born  May  15,  1865,  and  married 
to  Ida,  daughter  of  Walter  F.  and  Emma 
(Young)  Huber;  Mattie  M. ,  born  October 
30,  1869,  and  Ida  F.,  born  August  15, 

The  Thraves  Family.  Samuel 
Thraves,  the  great  ancestor  from  whom 
are  descended  the  Thraves  families  in 
Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  lived  and  died  in 
Nottinghamshire,  England.  He  married 
Miss  Ann  Moult,  and  their  children  were: 
John,  Elizabeth,  William,  Thomas, Grace, 
George,  Faith,  Robert  and  Mark.  About 
the  year  1830  Thomas  came  to  New  York 
city,  where  he  died,  leaving  one  son. 
George  came  to  America  in  1833,  and 
settled  in  Virginia,  where  he  died  in  1882, 
leaving  several  sons,  one  of  whom,  Joseph, 
went  to  California. 

William  Thraves,  son  of  Samuel, 
was  born  December  27,  1799,  in  the  town 
of  Tythby,  Nottinghamshire,  England,  of 
Anglo-Saxon  descent.  He  was  live  feet 
ten  inches  in  height,  with  blue  eyes  and 
flaxen  hair,  and  when  in  the  vigor  of  man- 
hood weighed  about  180  pounds.  He  was 
a  member  of  the  Church  of  England,  and 
his  occupation  was  that  of  butcher.  In 
1827  he  married  Miss  Marilla  Graves, 
who  was  born  December  29,  1799,  in  the 
village  of  Austin,  Nottinghamshire.  She 
was  also  a  member  of  the  Church  of  Eng- 
land. The  names  and  dates  of  birth  of 
the  children  born  to  them  in  England 
were:  George,  July  19,  1828;  Ann,  July 
19,  1828;  Robert,  May  14,  1830;  Mark, 
December  7,  1832;  Faith  Elizabeth,  March 
20, 1835;  William,  July  15,  1837;  Thomas, 
September  6,  1839.  In  1844  the  entire 
family  emigrated  to  America,  and  settled 
in  Washington  township,  Sandusky  Co., 
Ohio,  where  they   followed   farming  and 

stock-raising,  and  here  the  youngest  son, 
Levi,  was  born  March  2,  1847.  I"  1854 
they  settled  upon  a  farm  of  eighty  acres, 
in  Ballville  township,  which  they  had 
bought.  This  was  their  family  home  for 
many  years,  and  here  William  Thraves 
and  his  sons  followed  farming  and  dealing 
in  live  stock  with  good  success.  In  1882 
he  retired  from  active  life  to  a  quiet  home 
which  he  had  bought,  adjoining  the  farm 
of  his  son,  Mark.  William  and  Marilla 
Thraves  celebrated  their  golden  wedding 
in  1877.  She  died  April  2,  1883,  after 
which  Mr.  Thraves  lived  here  and  there 
among  his  children  at  his  own  pleasure 
until  August  21,  1889,  when  he  passed 
away  at  the  home  of  his  son,  Mark.  Both 
were  buried  in  McGormley  cemetery, 
Ballville  township.  Of  their  children, 
Ann  M.  Thraves  married  John  Crowell, 
and  subsequently  moved  to  California, 
where  they  both  died — she  in  1867,  he  in 
1882 — leaving  three  children.  Robert 
Thraves  is  in  Camptonville,  Yuba  Co., 
Cal.  Faith  E.  Thraves  married  Henry 
Bowman,  and  died  in  1867.  William 
Thraves  (son  of  William,  Sr. ,)  was  killed 
in  a  railroad  accident  on  the  Isthmus  of 
Panama  in  1856,  and  buried  there. 
George,  Mark  and  Thomas  are  all  farmers 
of   Ballville  township,  Sandusky  county. 

GEORGE  THRAVES,  farmer  and 
dealer  in  live  stock,  son  of  Will- 
iam Thraves,  was  born  in  Eng- 
land, July  19,  1828.  Heattended 
school  a  few  terms  in  Nottinghamshire, 
and  at  the  age  of  sixteen  came  with  his 
father's  family  to  America,  into  the  region 
of  the  Black  Swamp,  about  four  miles 
west  of  Lower  Sandusky  (now  Fremont), 
Ohio.  Here  he  endured  some  of  the  toils 
and  privations  incident  to  pioneer  life, 
and  attended  a  few  terms  of  school  in  the 
country.  After  working  on  a  farm  for 
several  years  he  served  an  apprenticeship 
at  the  blacksmith  trade  in  Lower  San- 
dusky with   Mr.    Lansing,    afterward  fol- 



lowiiifj  his  trade  about  two  years  in  the 
shop  of  Samuel  Moore,  in  Fremont.  Ohio. 
On  April  14.  1853,  he  was  married  to 
Miss  Mary  Jane  Crowcll,  who  was  born  in 
Sandusky  township,  in  1829,  a  daughter 
of  Samuel  and  Mary  (Link)  Crowell.  She 
had  received  a  very  liberal  education,  and 
had  tau>;ht  several  terms  of  school  in  the 
country  districts. 

In  1.S55  Mr.  Thraves  and  his  wife  went 
to  California  by  the  Panama  route,  and 
located  in  Yuba  county  where  he  bou},'ht 
a  mining  claim  and  worked  at  gold  min- 
ing about  four  months.  He  then  sold  his 
claim  and  bought  a  blacksmith  shop  in 
which  he  worked  about  one  year,  doing  a 
thriving  business.  The  society  of  the 
miners  not  being  congenial  to  his  wife,  he 
returned  with  her  to  Ohio  in  1858,  and 
purchased  a  farm  of  eighty  acres  in  Ball- 
ville  township.  Sandusky  county.  Here 
he  followed  mi.xed  farming  and  stock  rais- 
ing for  about  thirty-tive  years  with  good 
success.  Mr.  Thraves  has  been  an  active 
friend  of  education  in  his  neighborhood, 
having  held  the  t>ffice  of  local  director  for 
twelve  years,  and  taken  a  deep  interest  in 
the  literary  exercises  of  the  young  people. 
He  also. held  the  office  of  township  trus- 
tee, and  other  positions  of  honor  and 
trust  in  the  community.  He  has  been  a 
member  of  Croghan  Lodge,  I.  O.  O.  F. , 
at  Fremont,  Ohio,  since  1852,  and  held, 
at  intervals,  all  the  offices  of  the  subor- 
dinate lodge.  In  politics  he  was  a  Whig 
until  the  Know-nothing  agitation  in  1856, 
ever  since  when  he  has  been  a  Democrat. 
Mrs.  Thraves  became  a  member  of  the 
Methodist  Protestant  Church,  near  her 
old  home,  three  miles  west  of  Fremont. 
She  proved  a  faithful  and  acceptable  work- 
er in  Sunday-school  and  society  work,  and 
maintained  a  high  standar<l  of  C'hristian 
character.  She  die<i  at  her  home  August  5. 
1885.  and  was  buried  in  McGormley  Ceme- 
tery. Mr.  Thraves  has  continued  to  reside 
on  the  farm  with  his  youngest  daughter. 
Lillie.  The  children  of  (ieorgeatui  .Mary 
Jane  Thraves  were;   (ij  Samuel,  whuiiicd 

in  infancy.  (2)  Ann  Marilla.  born  in  San- 
dusky county,  Ohio.  July  2.  1S55.  mar- 
ried to  Charles  Young.  September  25, 
1878.  and  their  children  arc:  Justin  Irv- 
ing, born  July  13,  1879,  and  Elsie  Lois, 
born  December  21,  1883.  (3)  Mark  Eu- 
gene, born  April  18.  1859.  now  residing 
in  the  vicinity  of  Los  Angeles,  Cal.  (4) 
Ida  Hortense,  born  July  4.  1861,  mar- 
ried to  George  Sommer.  of  Green  Creek 
township,  October  18,  1882,  and  their 
children  are  Wilbur,  born  in  September. 
1883;  Fred,  born  in  October.  1885;  Bar- 
bara, born  in  September,  1887;  Robert, 
born  in  November  1891,  and  Corinne,  in 
August,  1893.  (5)  Meade  George,  attor- 
ney at  law,  Fremont,  Ohio,  born  F"eb- 
ruary  15,  1863,  who  was  married  April  9, 
1890,  to  Miss  Mary  M.,  daughter  of  Ever- 
ett .\.  and  Maria  L.  C.  Bristol;  she  was 
born  at  Fremont.  Ohio.  November  2. 
1 868.  (6)  Lillie  May.  born  September 
13.  1865.  who  was  married  April  9,  1895, 
to  Merritt  Cornell  Huber,  of  near  Green 
Spring,  Ohio. 

LEWIS  K.  WRIGHT,  the  subject 
proper  of  this  sketch,  has  seen  the 
development  of  Scott  township, 
Sandusky  county,  from  the  time  it 
was  a  wilderness  down  to  1895.  He  was 
born  July  13,  1812.  and  is  the  son  of 
William  and  Polly  (Stjuire)  Wright,  who 
were  born  in  Vermont  in  1784.  and  Can- 
ada in  1788.  respectively. 

At  the  age  of  twenty-four  years  our 
subject  came  to  Scott  township,  Sandusky 
county,  at  a  time  when  no  roads  were 
made  in  the  township,  and  when  it  took 
two  days  to  go  to  I'remont  and  back,  a 
distance  of  ten  miles.  He  cleared  a  fine 
farm,  and  made  :i  coTnfortable  home  for 
himself  and  family,  which  he  is  now  en- 
joying in  his  old  age.  On  May  7,  1835, 
he  was  married  to  Miss  Finette  Lock- 
wood,  of  Madrid,  N.  Y..  and  their  union 
was  blessed  with  three  children :  ( 1 )  Ellen 
r.,    born   Sfpi.inbi-r  4,  1 836,  now  rcsid- 



ing  with  her  father  and  mother  at  Tinney, 
Ohio;  (2)  Levi  L. ,  born  September  12, 
1838,  married  to  JuHa  Green,  of  Fremont, 
and  now  residing  in  Lincoln  county, 
Tenn.,  and  (3)  William  L. ,  born  in 
Cuyahoga  county,  Ohio,  September  26, 
1847,  and  married  to  Almeda  Tinney, 
daughter  of  Darwin  Scott  and  Sarah  (Wig- 
gins) Tinney,  pioneers  of  Scott  township 
(to  them  were  born  three  children — Clara 
F.,  born  September  3,  1874,  was  gradu- 
ated in  music  from  the  Musical  School  of 
Indianapolis,  Ind.,  June,  1895;  Ralph  R., 
born  September  29,  1880,  is  also  a  mu- 
sician and  member  of  the  Tinney  Cornet 
Band,  and  Stella  E.,  born  September  9, 
1882,  who  is  also  developing  her  musical 
talent  on  the  piano;  the  children  inherited 
their  musical  talents  from  their  father, 
who  is  a  violinist  and  also  a  cornetist;  he 
in  turn  inherits  his  ability  in  this  line  from 
his  mother  and  her  ancestry);  William  L. 
is  a  merchant,  having  a  general  store  at 
Tinney,  Ohio,  and  is  also  engaged  with 
his  father  in  farming.  Politicall}'  the 
Wright  family  are  Democrats.  Mrs.  Will- 
iam Wright  was  born  March  5,  1852,  at 
Tinney,  Ohio,  where  she  has  always  re- 

The  father  and  mother  of  our  subject 
were  pioneers  of  Sandusky  county,  Ohio, 
and  the  fatherdied  in  1856.  They  reared 
a  family  of  four  children,  of  whom  our 
subject  is  the  only  one  living;  the  other 
children  were:  Martin,  born  in  1810; 
Harriet,  born  in  18 14,  and  Solomon,  born 
in  1816.  Our  subjects  paternal  grand- 
mother was  born  about  1756,  and  died  in 
1820;  she  was  born  in  Vermont,  and 
moved  to  New  York,  where  she  married 
Solomon  Squire.  The  maternal  grand- 
father of  our  subject  was  born  in  Lower 
Canada  in  1756,  and  was  the  father  of 
three  children. 

Levi  Lockwood,  the  father  of  our  sub- 
ject's wife,  was  born  April  24,  1781,  in 
Vermont,  and  died  January  13,  1854;  he 
went  to  New  York,  and  thence  to  Ohio, 
locating  near  Cleveland,    where  he  died. 

His  wife  was  born  March  20,  1788,  in 
Connecticut;  they  were  married  March  30, 
1803,  and  were  the  parents  of  ten  chil- 
dren; she  died  October  10,  1850,  in 
Brighton,  Ohio.  The  paternal  grand- 
father of  .Mrs.  Wright,  Nathaniel  Lock- 
wood,  was  born  in  1750,  in  Connecticut; 
he  moved  to  Vermont,  thence  to  New 
York,  and  died  in  1830.  His  wife,  Annie 
(Bostwick),  was  born  about  1754  in  Ver- 
mont, and  moved  to  New  York.  Mrs. 
Wright's  maternal  grandfather,  Reuben 
Stone,  was  born  about  1756,  and  his  wife, 
Deborah  (Comstock),  was  born  about  the 
same  time,  and  died  in  1855. 

FRANK  M.  METCALF,  as  a  pro- 
duce merchant  of  Clyde,  has  a 
wider  acquaintanceship  than  most 
citizens  of  that  city  can  claim. 
In  the  parlance  of  trade  he  is  a  "  hustler," 
and  the  splendid  business  which  he  does 
is  the  fruit  of  his  own  unremitting  efforts. 
Ever  since  he  came  from  the  service  of 
his  country  as  a  veteran  he  has  followed 
his  present  vocation,  save  three  years 
which  he  spent  in  the  mining  regions  of 

Mr.  Metcalf  was  born  in  Monroe 
county,  Mich.,  May  11,  1843,  son  of 
Joseph  and  Sarah  (White)  Metcalf. 
Joseph  Metcalf,  who  was  born  in  Ver- 
mont in  1810,  migrated  when  a  boy  with 
his  father,  Samuel  Metcalf,  from  the 
Green  Mountain  State  to  New  York  State, 
and  subsequently  to  Toledo,  Ohio,  whence, 
after  engaging  there  for  some  years  in  the 
lumber  trade,  he  removed  to  Monroe 
county,  Mich.,  and  there  followed  the 
same  business.  In  1843  he  returned  to 
Ohio,  locating  in  Wyandot  county,  where 
his  father,  Samuel  Metcalf,  died  aged 
eighty-si.x  years.  In  1857  Joseph  came 
to  Clyde,  where  he  died  two  years  later. 
Joseph  Metcalf  was  a  public-spirited  and 
enterprising  citizen.  In  New  York  State 
he  had  been  appointed  captain  of  militia, 
and  he  also  served  there  as  justice  of  the 



peace.  For  several  terms  he  was  justice 
of  the  peace  in  Michigan,  and  in  W'yandot 
county  he  was  elected  to  the  same  judicial 
office.  He  was  a  man  of  ripe  judgment, 
possessing  that  rare  common  upon 
which  all  law  decisions  rest,  and  few  of 
the  decisions  he  made  were  ever  reversed. 
He  was  well-read  in  law,  and  acquaint- 
ances frequently  consulted  him  in  business 
and  legal  matters.  Sarah,  his  devoted 
wife,  who  was  born  in  St.  Lawrence 
county.  N.  Y. ,  in  1820,  is  at  this  writing 
still  living  at  Clyde,  an  active  lady  for  her 
many  years.  She  was  one  of  the  organ- 
izers of  the  \N'oman's  Relief  Corps  in 
Clyde,  and  has  since  been  an  active  mem- 
ber of  the  same.  Both  her  sons  fought 
upon  Southern  battlefields  for  national 
union.  Her  parents  died  at  Berlin 
Heights,  l£rie  count)',  aged  eighty-si.\  and 
eighty-seven  years,  respectively.  The 
three  children  of  Joseph  and  Sarah 
(White)  Metcalf  were  Judge  L. ,  Louisa 
and  Frank  M. 

Judge  L.  Metcalf  was  born  in  Monroe 
county,  Mich.,  in  1839.  He  enlisted  in 
Company  K.  One  Hundreth  O.  V.  L,  and 
was  taken  prisoner  at  the  battle  of  Lime- 
stone Station,  Tenn.,  in  1863.  He  was 
imprisoned  on  Belle  Isle  and  at  Richmond, 
\'a.,  about  a  year.  He  never  recovered 
from  the  effects  of  prison  life,  and  died 
in  1874,  as  a  result  of  the  indescribable 
hardships,  the  starvation  and  exposure  to 
which  he  was  subjected.  Louisa  was  born 
March  2.  1841,  and  married  Henry  Miller, 
of  Clyde.      She  died  in  186;. 

Frank  M.  Metcalf  was  fourteen  when 
his  parents  came  to  Clyde,  and  here  for 
several  years  he  attended  the  village 
schools.  In  July,  1861,  when  eighteen 
years  of  age,  he  was  one  of  a  company 
of  young  men  from  Clyde,  Green  Spring 
and  Tiffin,  formed  to  join  a  regiment  of 
sharpshooters  in  New  York  City,  but  that 
r<".,'iM)ent  not  being  fully  recruited  they 
I  nlisted  in  the  First  United  States  Chas- 
seurs, and  were  afterward  assigned  as  the 
Sixty-fifth    N.    Y.    V.    I.     This  regiment 

saw  hard  service  from  the  start.  In  a 
letter  to  the  editor  of  the  Xalionat 
Tribune,  Washington,  D.  C,  and  pub- 
lished in  the  issue  of  June  21,  1894,  F. 
M.  .Metcalf  thus  recounted  a  few  of  his 
army  experiences  as  follows: 

Editor  Natiiinal  Tribnnr:  Well  do  I  rcinein- 
bcr  the  .skirmishes  during  the  fall  of  '61  in  Vir- 
ffinia  above  the  Chain  Hridfre;  also.  McClellan's 
move  toward  Centerville.  and  our  return;  also, 
the  trip  on  the  Peninsula;  Yorktown;  the  hot 
fiyht  at  WilliamsburK^.  and  the  ti|ifht  around 
Kichinond:  how  (Jen.  Casey's  troops  were  forced 
back  from  their  breastworks  by  the  Confeder- 
ate troops. 

The  First  U.  S.  Chasseurs  were  sent  across 
the  railroad  to  reinforce  the  Thirty-first  Pcnn. 
and  Brady's  battery.  After  Casey  and  Couch 
had  been  driven  back  we  were  north  and  rear 
of  the  Confederates,  picking  up  prisoners.  At 
this  time  a  man  rode  over  to  us  from  the  ene- 
my's lines  and  told  us  we  would  all  be  captured. 
Tlie  boys  were  inclined  to  give  him  the  laugh. 
He  said  he  was  only  doing  his  duty:  also,  that 
the  woods  to  our  right  and  front  were  full  of 
Southern  troops,  which  we  soon  found  ti>  be  a 
fact.  This  man  again  rode  back  to  the  enemy's 
lines.  The  question  has  always  been  in  my 
mind,  who  was  he?  He  at  least  showed  us 
where  his  sympathies  lay.  We  then,  on  a  dou- 
ble-quick, fell  back  through  a  strip  of  woods; 
Uradv's  battery,  near  the  railroad,  with  the 
Thirty-first  Penn.  and  Cha.sseurs  behind  an  old 
rail  fence  and  woods  in  front.  The  enemy 
ma.ssed,  and.  amid  a  deadly  fire  of  shell  and 
canister  and  musketry,  charged,  and  would 
have  captured  our  battery  but  for  the  timely 
arrival  of  a  portion  of  Sumner's  Corps,  which 
turned  the  tide  of  battle  here.  After  the  Chas- 
seurs saw  the  First  Minn,  forming  behind  them 
they  felt  safe,  as  these  two  regiments  had  seen 
service  together  before.  Our  infantry  reserved 
their  fire  until  the  enemy  were  within  a  few 
xoAs  of  our  line  of  battle.  The  rebel  loss  was 
terrible;  the  ground  was  covered  with  their 
dead  and  wounded.  They  made  a  noble  fight. 
This  was  their  first  repulse  and  defeat  that 
day.  The  next  day  our  troops  retook  the 
ground  lost  the  day  before,  but  the  loss  on  both 
sides  was  heavy. 

My  memory  will  ever  follow  the  marches 
and  battles  of  the  army  of  the  Potomac — Mal- 
vern Hill,  Manassas,  South  Mountain,  Antie- 
tani,  Fredericksburg,  under  Ournsidc  and  Hook- 
er. The  Chas.seurs  were  the  second  regiment 
to  cross  the  river  below  Fredericksburg. and  its 
skirmishers  the  last  to  rccross  after  the  fight 
under  llurnaide.  After  the  Pennsylvania  Re- 
serves had  made  their  fatal  charge  the  writer 
was  with  the  triKips  who  relieved  this  command. 
The  moans  of  the  dying  and  the  ap|>eals  of  the 
wounded  in  front  of  us  was  enough  to  touch 
the  hardest  heart.  During  Hooker's  Chanccl- 
lorsville  fight  the  Sixth  Corps  wa«  below  Fred- 



ericksburg.  At  night,  about  10  or  11  o'clock, 
the  Chasseurs  were  deployed  as  skirmishers, 
and  advanced  to  drive  the  Confederates  out  of 
the  city.  We  met  with  such  resistance  we  con- 
cluded to  wait  for  daylig-ht.  The  writer  and 
fifteen  or  twenty  men  were  with  the  Chasseur 
colors  on  the  Richmond  turnpike.  We  ran 
against  their  reserve  pickets,  who  were  behind 
a  barricade  across  the  road.  They  had  us  at  a 
disadvantage,  and  we  had  to  either  be  shot 
down  or  run  to  the  rear  or  front.  We  gave 
them  a  volley,  fixed  bayonets,  and  with  a  gen- 
uine Yankee  yell  charged  them  from  their  po- 
sition. They  then  withdrew  their  forces  from 
the  city  back  into  their  intrenchments  on  the 
heights,  probably  thinking  the  balance  of  our 
troops  were  at  our  heels.  We  kept  hid  in  the 
city  until  morning,  between  the  two  lines,  not 
daring  to  show  ourselves  to  either  side,  and  ex- 
pecting to  be  captured  by  the  Johnnies,  but 
came  nearer  being  shot  the  next  morning  by 
our  own  troops  before  we  could  make  them  be- 
lieve we  belonged  to  the  Chasseurs. 

History  tells  how  Marye's  Heights  were  cap- 
tured at  the  point  of  the  bayonet  by  the  troops 
under  our  old  Col.  Shaler.  The  general's  metn- 
ory  will  ever  be  fresh  in  the  minds  of  the  sol- 
diers in  that  charge  by  the  daring  and  courage 
he  displayed  riding  along  the  line,  and  with  his 
presence  encouraged  the  boys  charging  the  en- 
emy's works.  The  next  morning  found  the 
Sixth  Corps  silently  recrossing  the  Rappahan- 
nock, where  we  all  breathed  freer,  as  we  could 
tell  by  the  distant  "boom,  boom"  to  our  right 
and  rear  that  Gen.  Hooker  had  run  against  a 
snag  at  Chancellorsville.  The  writer  was  with 
the  Sixth  Corps  at  Gettysburg,  Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania,  Cold  Harbor,  Petersburg, 
against  Early's  raid  on  Washington,  and  Cedar 
Creek;  but  space  will  not  permit  making  men- 
tion of  incidents  during  these  hard-fought  bat- 
tles.    Where  are  the  Chasseurs  now? 

After  the  war  Mr.  Metcalf  returned  to 
Clyde  and  engaged  in  the  produce-ship- 
ping business.  During  the  three  years — 
1882-85 — he  was  located  in  the  Santa 
Rita  mountains,  Arizona,  looking  after 
the  interests  of  the  Salero  Mining  and 
Milling  Co.,  of  New  York  City,  and  also 
operating  silver  mines  of  his  own  there. 
Mr.  Metcalf  is  a  man  of  energetic,  push- 
ing habits,  and  he  has  thereby  built  up  a 
large  trade.  He  is  a  prominent  member 
of  the  U.  V.  U.  command  at  Clyde.  Mr. 
Metcalf  was  married  in  February,  1 886,  to 
Miss  Emma  J.  Miller,  daughter  of  Lyman 
Miller.  Her  three  brothers  were  in  the 
war  of  the  Rebellion,  and  the  oldest  was 
shot  and  killed  in  that  war. 

GEORGE  J.  BLOOM.  Among  the 
thousands  of  emigrants,  of  vari- 
ous nationalties,  who,  during  the 
last  half  of  the  nineteenth  cen- 
tury, have  come  to  our  shores  from  the 
overcrowded  hives  of  population  in  the 
Old  World,  none  have  contributed  more 
to  our  national  prosperity  and  the  stabil- 
ity of  our  American  institutions,  than 
those  who  came  from  the  German  Father- 
land. Wherever  they  have  settled,  whether 
in  the  busy  marts  of  our  rapidly  growing 
cities,  the  stirring  lumber  and  mining  re- 
gions of  the  mountains,  or  the  broad  fer- 
tile prairies  of  the  West,  they  have,  as  a 
class,  established  an  enviable  reputation 
for  industry,  frugality  and  thrift,  and  are 
to-day  among  our  most  trustworthy  and 
law-abiding  citizens.  As  a  gentleman 
possessing  these  characteristics,  in  a  mod- 
est way,  we  present  the  subject  of  this 

George  J.  Bloom,  retired  farmer,  Fre- 
mont, Ohio,  was  born  in  Baden,  Germany, 
November  25,  1836.  His  parents  were 
Jacob  Bloom  and  Barbara  (Florien),  the 
former  of  whom  was  also  born  in  Baden, 
where  he  followed  the  trade  of  shoemaker, 
and  after  his  marriage  in  the  year  1854, 
emigrated  with  his  family  to  America. 
They  took  passage  in  a  sailing  vessel,  en- 
countered severe  storms  and  adverse 
winds,  and  were  fifty-four  days  on  the 
ocean.  Proceeding  westward,  they  came 
to  Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  and  settled  on 
a  forty-acre  farm  in  Ballville  township, 
on  which  they  made  their  home.  After 
a  useful  and  exemplary  life,  and  living  to 
see  his  children  in  good  circumstances, 
Jacob  Bloom  died,  July  2,  1883.  His 
wife,  Barbara,  was  born  in  Alsace,  France 
(now  Germany),  and  passed  away  at  the  age 
of  forty-five,  after  faithfully  performing 
her  duties  as  a  helpmeet  to  her  hus- 
band and  mother  to  her  children.  Her 
father,  Joseph  Florien,  a  pioneer  of  San- 
dusky county,  died  here  at  the  advanced 
age  of  one  hundred  and  nine  years.  His 
children   were:     Joseph,    Barbara,    Mag- 



dalene.  Catharine,  Georpe  and  Julia. 
The  children  of  Jacob  and  Harbara  Bloom 
were:  Jacob,  a  physician,  who  lived  in 
Indiana  and  died  in  Ballviilc  township, 
Sandusky  county  (he  was  unmarried); 
Willian).  who  is  enRaped  in  the  manufac- 
ture of  potash,  at  Fostoria,  Ohio;  George 
J.,  our  subject;  Barbara,  who  married 
Lewis  Mutchler,  and  lives  on  a  farm  near 
Green  Spring;  and  Mary,  wife  of  George 
Bloom,  a  laborer,  at  Fremont,  Ohio. 

Our  subject  went  to  school  in  his  na- 
tive city  of  Baden  about  eight  years,  also 
attending  the  services  of  the  Lutheran 
Church,  and  learned  the  trade  of  barber. 
At  the  age  of  eighteen  years  he  came  with 
his  father's  family  to  Sandusky  county, 
Ohio,  where  he  assisted  his  parents  in  the 
purchase  and  clearing  up  of  a  farm,  be- 
sides working  several  years  as  a  farm  hand 
among  the  neighbors,  learning  the  meth- 
ods of  well-to-do  farmers.  On  February 
1 8,  1863,  he  married  Miss  Annie  Cole- 
man, who  was  born  February  2,  1841,  in 
Hanover,  Germany,  of  which  place  her 
parents,  Frederick  and  Marie  (Stratman) 
Coleman,  were  also  natives;  they  emi- 
grated to  America  in  1845.  and  settled 
near  Woodville,  Ohio,  where  the  father 
died  in  1887,  aged  eighty-one  years,  and 
the  mother  at  the  age  of  thirty  years. 
Their  children  were:  Annie,  wife  of  our 
subject;  William,  a  farmer,  living  in  Ot- 
tawa county,  Ohio;  Henrj',  a  farmer  of 
Sandusky  county;  John,  a  soldier  of  the 
Civil  war,  now  an  employe  of  the  Lake 
Shore  &  Michigan  Southern  railroad, 
living  at  Fremont,  Ohio,  and  Frederick, 
living  at  Woodville,  Ohio. 

After  his  marriage  Mr.  Bloom  settled 
on  a  farm  near  Green  Spring,  Ohio,  where 
he  lived  about  nine  years.  He  then  sold 
his  farm  and  bought  another  near  Genoa, 
in  Ottawa  county,  on  which  he  remained 
four  and  a  half  years,  when  he  again  sold, 
next  buying  a  farm  of  eighty-five  acres  in 
Ballville  township,  about  three  miles 
southeast  of  Fremont,  which  he  greatly 
improved  and  made  his  home  thereon  for 

seventeen  years.  He  was  quite  successful 
in  the  raising  of  grain  and  the  rearing  of 
live  stock.  In  the  year  1893  he  bought 
property  in  and  removed  to  Fremont,  to 
give  his  children  the  advantages  of  the  city 
schools.  This  property  he  traded,  a  year 
later,  for  a  farm  of  seventy-three  acres 
(formerly  the  Thraves'  homestead),  ad- 
joining his  other  farm  in  Ballville  town- 

Mr.  Bloom  has  been  a  Democrat  in 
politics,  but  is  not  a  partisan.  He  and 
his  wife  were  reared  in  the  doctrines  of 
the  Lutheran  Church,  but  during  the  last 
twenty  years  have  been  worthy  members 
of  the  Evangelical  Association.  Their 
children  were:  Caroline,  wife  of  Charles 
Martin,  a  farmer,  who  has  four  children — 
Ralph,  Blanche,  Vinnie  and  Mabel; 
Amelia,  who  married  Oscar  Lemon,  and 
has  two  children — George  Edward  and 
Hazel;  and  Mary,  Barbara,  Anna,  George, 
Ida  and  Charles,  all  of  whom  arc  unmar- 
ried and  living  with  their  parents. 

FREDERICK  SMITH,  a  resident 
of  Sandusky  township.  Sandusky 
county,  was  born  in  Baden,  Ger- 
many, June  2,  1829,  a  son  of 
John  and  Catharine  (Ernst)  Smith.  The 
parents  were  also  born  in  Baden,  the 
father  August  24,  1783,  the  mother  No- 
vember 5,  1787;  both  died  in  Rice  town- 
ship, Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  where  they 
had  settled  in  the  then  forest.  John 
Smith  served  in  the  Napoleonic  wars,  be- 
ing with  the  staff  of  officers.  He  was  on 
the  famous  march  to  Russia,  where  so 
many  thousand  soldiers  were  fro/en,  and 
was  one  of  the  few  who  escaped  impris- 

Frederick  Smith  grew  to  manhood  in 
Sandusky  county,  and  attended  the  com- 
mon sclujols  a  short  time.  He  remained 
with  his  parents  on  the  farm,  and  by  dili- 
gence and  hard  labor  cleared  ofT  the 
heavy  timber  and  drained  a  large  tract, 
now  some  of  the  finest  farming  lands   in 



the  county.  In  1852  he  married  Miss 
EHzabeth  Kaiser,  born  in  France,  Febru- 
ary 22,  1830,  who  is  still  living. 
He  and  his  wife  remained  with  his  parents 
until  their  death,  in  1870,  soon  after 
which  time  he  removed  to  his  present 
home  in  Sandusky  township,  but  a  short 
distance  from  Fremont.  His  brick  resi- 
dence is  one  of  the  finest  in  the  township. 
Mr.  Smith  and  his  family  are  members  of 
the  Lutheran  Church;  in  politics  he  is  a 
Democrat,  and  has  held  public  offices  for 
twenty-two  years.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Smith  were  born  children  as  follows: 
Christina,  deceased;  Frederick,  Jr.,  who 
is  married  to  Caroline  Loganbach;  Car- 
oline, wife  of  Lewis  Nicholas;  J.  Will- 
iam, married  to  Maud  Kinman;  Eliza- 
beth, Clara,  Amelia,  all  at  home,  and 
Edward  F. ,  now  at  Toledo,  Ohio. 

GEORGE  W.  KENAN.  Among 
the  hardy  sons  of  toil  who  have 
subdued  the  towering  forests, 
drained  the  malarious  swamps 
and  developed  the  vast  agricultural  re- 
sources of  the  region  of  northern  Ohio 
known  as  the  Black  Swamp,  the  subject 
of  this  sketch  deserves  honorable  men- 
tion. Beginning  at  the  very  foot  of  the 
ladder,  at  the  age  of  ten,  he  patiently 
worked  his  way  up  the  rounds,  step  by 
step,  until  he  reached  the  height  of  com- 

George  W.  Kenan  was  born  July  31, 
1824,  a  native  of  Perry  county,  Ohio. 
His  paternal  grandfather,  James  Ivenan, 
was  born  about  177S,  in  Ireland,  and  died, 
in  1858,  in  Jackson  township,  Sandusky 
Co. ,  Ohio.  The  grandmother  was  born  in 
1780.  They  reared  a  famih'  of  eleven 
children,  three  of  whom  are  yet  living. 
The  father  of  our  subject,  Silas  Kenan, 
was  born  February  3,  1807,  near  Wheel- 
ing, W.  Va.,  and  migrated  thence  to 
Perry  county,  Ohio,  where  he  remained 
until  1835,  the  year  of  his  removal  to 
Jackson     township,     Sandusky     county, 

where  he  resided  till  his  death  in  1875. 
He  married  Barbara,  daughter  of  Jacob 
and  Mar}'  Overmyer,  of  Harrisburg, 
Dauphin  Co.,  Penn.,  the  father  born  in 
Pennsylvania  about  1784,  the  mother 
about  the  same  time.  They  reared  a 
family  of  nine  children,  only  one  of 
whom  survives,  Peter,  now  aged  eighty- 
five  years,  and  a  brief  record  of  them  is 
as  follows:  Barbara,  Mrs.  Kenan,  was 
born  February  20,  1802.  Hugh,  a 
farmer  in  Jackson  township,  married  Miss 
Nellie  Yost,  and  has  eight  children — 
Henry,  Harrison,  Mary,  John  I.,  Frank 
Mitchell,  France,  Martha  and  Hiram — • 
three  of  whom  are  living;  he  is  a  Demo- 
crat, and  a  member  of  the  Baptist 
Church.  Margaret  married  Hugh  Mitch- 
ell, a  farmer,  and  has  four  children;  Mr. 
Mitchell  is  a  Democrat  and  a  Baptist. 
Lewis,  a  farmer  of  Jackson  township,  like 
his  brothers,  is  a  Democrat  and  a  Baptist, 
is  married  and  has  five  children — Susan, 
Ellen,  Ben,  Catharine  and  Hugh.  Eva 
married  Rev.  Mr.  Dahouf.  Catharine 
married  Emanuel  Roberts,  and  had  two 
children,  both  now  deceased.  Polly,  who 
married  Benjamin  Hammit,  a  farmer  of 
Iowa,  has  eight  children;  he  is  a  Demo- 
crat and  a  Baptist.  Peter,  also  a  farmer 
in  Iowa,  married  Elizabeth  Hill,  and  had 
five  children;  he  is  also  a  Democrat  and 
Baptist.  The  name  of  the  ninth  child  is 

The  children  of  Silas  and  Barbara 
Kenan,  parents  of  our  subject,  were: 
Hugh,  who  died  in  childhood;  George  W. ; 
Thomas  J.,  born  in  1826,  who  married 
Jemima  Housman,  and  was  killed  in  a 
runaway  at  Fremont,  Ohio,  December 
31,  1 864,  being  preceded  to  the  grave  by 
his  wife,  who  died  August  23,  1864;  Peter, 
born  November  22,  1829,  who  was  mar- 
ried March  4,  1856,  to  Sarah  A.  Hodgson 
and  has  had  one  child;  William  Manville, 
who,  in  1878,  married  Miss  Sylvia  A. 
Powell  (he  has  a  fine  collection  of  Indian 
relics);  Minerva,  born  December  6,  1830, 
who    married    William  Jackson,  of  Fre- 



,..-)  ^^^^^b^ri^H^^mft 

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^  ^^  /^' 




inont,  Ohio,  and  has  two  children — 
Thomas  G.  and  Charles  H.  (Mr.  Jack- 
son is  a  Republicanj;  Mahala,  born  April 
24,  1832,  who  married  Thomas  J.  lild- 
ridpe,  a  farmer  of  Indiana,  who  was  a 
soldier  in  the  Civil  war  (he  is  a  Repub- 
lican and  a  member  of  the  U.  B.  Church); 
Francis,  a  blacksmith  of  Green  Sprinp, 
Ohio,  who  married  Kli^a  Strouse.  and  has 
four  children — Ellen,  Minerva,  William 
O.  and  Birchard  (he  served  in  the  Civil 
war  in  Company  I,  Seventy-second  O.  V. 
1);  Mary  Ann.  who  married  Charles 
Robinson,  a  farmer  of  Michigan,  and  has 
six  children — Francis.  Milo.  Charles,  Clif- 
ford. Howard  and  Minnie  (Mr.  Robinson 
is  a  Republican  and  a  member  of  the  M. 
F.  Church;  he  was  a  soldier  in  the  Civil 
war);  Oscar,  who  is  a  farmer  near  Gales- 
bur;,',  III.,  married  Margaret  Ickes,  and 
has  five  chiklren  (he  is  a  Republican  and 
a  member  of  the  M.  E.  Church);  and 
Caroline,  born  July  10,  1847,  who  mar- 
ried Daniel  Condon,  a  carpenter  and 
school  teacher,  and  died  July  25.  187 1 
(they  had  a  child  that  died  in  infancy; 
Mr.  Condon  is  a  Republican). 

Our  subject  started  out  to  work  on  a 
farm  by  the  month  when  he  was  only  ten 
years  of  age.  saved  his  money  and  made 
prudent  investments,  and  is  now  enjoying 
the  fruits  of  his  early  economy  and  in- 
dustrj'.  At  the  age  of  twenty-seven.  Oc- 
tober 13,  1851,  he  married  Miss  Elizabeth 
I'osey,  who  was  born  August  30,  1832, 
and  they  had  seven  children,  of  whom, 
Orin  married  Angeline  King,  and  has  two 
children — I*"rank  ami  Lulu  (he  is  a  Demo- 
crat and  a  member  of  the  U.  B.  Church); 
Charles,  who  is  a  farmer,  married  Mary 
Cooksf)n  (he  is  a  Democrat  and  a  member  of 
the  Evangelical  Association);  Lodemie 
V     'lied  Michael   Mowery.  and  has  three 

-Iren  —  Charles,  Lewis  and  Webb;  Mar- 
shall, a  farmer,  married  Miss  Carrie  Smith 
(he  is  a  Democrat);  Lorema  married 
Elijah  Voorhies,  a  farmer  of  Seneca  coun- 
ty he  is  a  Republican  and  a  member  of 
the-   r.  H.  Cliunh;.   I'    ;i  farmer,   of 

Jackson  township,  married  Miss  Clara 
Havens  (he  is  a  Democrat);  the  name  of 
the  seventh  child  is  Barbara  A.  Mrs. 
Kenan  is  the  daughter  of  Isaac  and  Sabra 
(Preston)  Fosey.  both  of  whom  were  na- 
tives of  Pennsylvania,  the  former  born  in 
1804  near  Philadelphia,  the  latter  in  18 10 
in  Mercer  county.  They  had  a  family  of 
children  as  follows:  Sarah.  Elizabeth 
(Mrs.  Kenan),  Sabra,  Luther,  Rachel  and 
Hannah  (twins),  Harriet,  Bell.  Susanna, 
Martha,  Mary.  John,  David,  Esther  and 
William,  ten  of  whom  are  living.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Posey  migrated  to  the  Black 
Swamp.  Ohio,  .when  Mrs.  Kenan  was  but 
two  years  of  age,  and  the  father  died  in 
1858.  the  mother  September  20,  1888. 
Grandmother  Elizabeth  Preston  was  born 
in  England,  about  1777,  and  had  six  chil- 
dren, four  of  whom  are  living.  Mrs. 
Kenan's  paternal  grandfather,  Micaga 
Posey,  was  a  major  in  the  Revolution- 
ary war. 

The  first  land  Mr.  Kenan  bought  was 
180  acres  in  Jackson  township;  he  next 
purchased  122  in  Scott  township,  then 
about  200  of  his  neighbor's  land,  making 
in  all  327  acres.  He  has  retired  from 
farn)ing,  his  .son,  G.  F.  Kenan,  operating 
the  farm;  but  during  his  active  life  he 
cleared  many  acres  of  heavily-timbered 
land  which  he  now  owns.  He  has  leased 
his  land  in  Scott  township  to  the  Stand- 
ard Oil  Co.,  receiving  a  snug  income  from 
this  source.  In  politics  he  is  a  stanch 
Democrat,  and  in  religious  faith  a  member 
of  the  Baptist  Church,  to  which  he  con- 
tributes liberally. 


ACHARV  TAYLOR.  In  the  two 
worlds  of  Clyde.  Sandusky  county, 
its  business  and  its  social  circles, 
the  names  of  Zachary  Taylor  and 
his  accomplished  wife  rank  as  lead- 
ers; and  in  the  joyous  and  prosperous 
lives  of  these  two  people  the  two  spheres 
arc  most  happily  blended.  Mrs.  Taylor, 
while  possessing  all  the   womanly  graces 



of  her  sex,  has  a  keen  business  sense,  a 
rare  taste  and  judgment,  exercised  in  the 
selection  of  stock  which  attracts  to  her 
husband's  dry-goods  store  the  best  trade 
from  a  wide  region  of  country.  The  mer- 
cantile career  of  Mr.  Taylor  has  not  been 
one  succession  of  successes.  Sunlight  has 
followed  shadow,  but  through  it  all  runs 
the  gleam  of  mercantile  ability.  As  a 
child  of  six  years  Zachary  Taylor  sold  ap- 
ples on  the  train  and  peddled  molasses 
candy.  At  the  age  of  thirteen  years  he 
went  behind  the  counter  for  W.  B.  Clock, 
and  for  ten  years  he  clerked  for  various 
firms  before  entering  business  for  himself. 
He  has  become  a  prominent  merchant  of 
northern  Ohio,  and  is  distinctively  a  self- 
made  man — one  who  realizes  the  talis- 
manic  powers  of  industry  and  business 

Mr.  Taylor  was  born  at  Clyde  Sep- 
tember 1 6,  1849,  son  of  George  W.  and 
Abigail  C.  (Whitcher)  Taylor.  George 
W.  Taylor  was  born  in  Rensselaer  county, 
N.  Y. ,  in  1825,  and  comes  from  old  Ver- 
mont stock  of  Scotch  and  Irish  ancestry. 
He  learned  the  saddler's  trade  in  New 
York  and  followed  it  at  Troy  and  at  New 
York  City.  Coming  west,  he  worked  at 
his  trade  for  a  short  time  at  Milan  and 
Sandusky,  and  about  1S45  came  to  Clyde. 
Here  he  conducted  a  dry-goods  and  gro- 
cery store  for  a  time,  but  later  returned 
to  the  saddlery  business.  He  was  a  Re- 
publican in  politics,  and  his  blameless  life 
was  dominated  by  a  spirit  of  practical 
Christianity.  He  died  of  paralysis  in 
1 88 1.  Abigail  (Whitcher), wife  of  George 
W.  Taylor,  was  born  at  Gasport,  N.  Y. , 
February  3,  1828,  and  migrated  with 
her  brothers  and  her  widowed  mother  to 
Milan,  where  she  met  her  future  husband. 
The  Whitchers  are  of  English  extraction. 
Generations  ago  three  unmarried  brothers 
of  the  name  came  to  America,  two  of 
whom  returned  to  England,  where  they 
acquired  wealth  and  died  childless.  The 
third  married  in  America,  and  from  him 
the   present    Whitchers    in    this  country 

have  descended.  An  absence  of  legal 
records  prevents  the  representatives  from 
obtaining  the  English  inheritance.  The 
Whitchers  are  hardy,  frugal,  honest  peo- 
ple, of  great  industry,  and  it  is  from  his 
mother  that  Zachary  Taylor  has  inherited 
his  push  and  executive  business  ability. 
To  George  W.  and  Abigail  Taylor  four 
children  were  born:  Erastus,  accident- 
ally killed  at  the  age  of  fifteen  years, 
while  hunting;  Zachary;  Emma  A.,  wife 
of  L.  C.  Carlin,  a  real-estate  dealer  of 
Findlay,  and  Ida  L. 

At  the  age  of  twenty-three  Zachary 
Taylor,  in  partnership  with  G.  S.  Rich- 
ards, established  at  Clyde  a  dry-goods 
business,  which  they  conducted  seven 
years.  In  the  latter  years  they  did  not 
prosper,  and  were  compelled  to  make  an 
assignment;  investigation  revealed  that  a 
confidential  clerk  had  been  a  large  em- 
bezzler. Left  penniless  at  thirty  by  this 
betrayal  of  trust,  Zachary  Taylor  went 
on  the  road;  first  traveling  through  Ohio 
and  Indiana  for  E.  M.  McGillen  &  Co., 
of  Cleveland,  for  three  years,  then  for 
Mills  &  Gibb,  a  New  York  house.  In 
1888  Mr.  Taylor  was  again  on  his  feet 
financially.  He  re-established  a  business 
at  Clyde  in  dry  goods,  carpets,  furnishing 
goods,  etc.,  which  has  grown  rapidly. 
He  now  employs  from  six  to  seven  clerks, 
and  occupies  two  floors,  25  x  100  feet, 
centrally  located.  When  he  opened  his 
business  in  1888  most  of  the  best  trade  of 
Clyde  was  going  elsewhere,  but  he  put  in 
a  line  of  goods  that  could  not  be  excelled, 
and  as  a  result  Clyde  not  only  holds  her 
own  in  trade,  but  draws  upon  that  of 
other  neighboring  cities. 

Mr.  Taylor  was  married,  October  2, 
1877,  to  Miss  Julia  R.  Klink,  who  was 
born  December  24,  1861,  daughter  of 
Rev.  Charles  M.  and  Julia  (Black)  Klink. 
Rev.  Klink  was  an  English  Lutheran 
minister.  He  was  born  at  Newville, 
Cumberland  Co.,  Penn.,  in  1824,  son  of 
John  George  and  Elizabeth  (Humes) 
Klink.     John  G.  Klink  was  born  in  Eng- 



land  of  Knglish  and  German  parentage. 
He  was  a  man  of  force  and  character, 
but  without  titled  name.  Elizabeth 
Humes,  the  girl  he  loved  and  married, 
was  the  daujjhter  of  an  English  lord,  and 
for  her  plebeian  marriage  she  was  dis- 
inherited. The  young  couple  emigrated 
to  America,  settling  at  Newville,  Penn.. 
and  here  Mr.  Klink  acquired  wealth.  He 
was  a  man  of  temperate  habits,  and  was 
highly  honored  for  his  integrity  and  many 
other  virtues.  Charles  M.  Klink  attended 
a  theological  seminary  at  Cincinnati, 
Ohio,  expecting  to  become  a  Presbyterian 
minister,  but  at  the  earnest  solicitation 
of  his  father  he  was  ordained  a  minister 
of  the  English  Lutheran  Church.  At 
Cincinnati  he  met  his  future  wife.  Miss 
Julia  Black.  She  was  born  at  College  Hill, 
a  suburb  of  Cincinnati,  and  was  a  cousin 
of  Henry  Ward  ISeechcr.  Mr.  Klink  was 
introduced  to  her  by  that  afterward  dis- 
tinguished divine,  who  was  a  fellow  stu- 
dent at  the  seminary.  Many  years  of  his 
pastoral  work  were  spent  by  Rev.  Klink  at 
Middletown.  Md.  He  was  there  during 
the  Civil  war,  and  had  just  completed  a 
new  church  when  the  battle  occurred  in 
that  vicinity.  His  new  church  was  con- 
verted into  a  hospital,  and  the  wounded 
and  disabled  soldiers  were  the  first  bene- 
ficiaries of  the  new  upholstered  seats. 
His  health  failing,  Kev.  Klink  came  to 
Ohio.  He  purchased  the  Uriah  Lemon 
farm,  south  of  Sandusky,  and  sitting  in  a 
chair  he  preached  on  the  last  Sunday  of 
his  life:  he  died  in  1S62.  To  Kev.  and 
Mrs.  Klink  six  children  were  born:  Mary 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  Arthur  G.  Ellsworth,  a 
farmer  of  Sandusky  county;  George  A., 
in  the  oil  at  Cleveland.  Ohio; 
John    W. ,    a    farmer    of    Eaton    Kapids, 

Mich. ;  Jennie  E.,  wife  of  \V.  E.  Bunker, 
of  Eaton  Kapids,  Mich.;  Julia  R. ;  and 
William  E.,  an  insurance  agent  of  Rich- 
mond, \'a.  To  /achary  and  Julia  Taylor 
one  child,  Z.  Arthur,  was  born  March  1 1, 


Mrs.  Taylor  is  a  member  of  the  M.  E. 

Church  and  a  leader  in  Church  work.  She 
has  been  a  member  of  the  choir,  and  as  a 
Sunday-school  teacher  her  class  grew  in 
a  short  time  from  eighteen  to  fifty-six 
members.  Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Taylor 
are  members  of  the  Chosen  Friends,  and 
he  is  now  Regent  of  the  Koyal  .Arcanum. 
In  politics  he  is  a  radical  Republican.  In 
business  Mrs.  Taylor  is  of  great  assistance 
to  her  husband.  It  would  be  difficult  to 
find  anywhere  a  woman  of  superior  or 
even  equal  business  abilities.  In  busi- 
ness and  social  relations  they  work  as  one 
individual.  Mr.  Taylor  is  a  great  "home 
man,"  and  perhaps  carries  more  insur- 
ance than  any  other  resident  of  Clyde. 
The  city  is  indebted  to  this  couple  per- 
haps as  to  no  other  for  the  charms  and 
refinements  of  its  better  life. 

DANIEL  BEMIS,  widely  known  as 
a  liberal  and  well-to-do  farmer  of 
York  township,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born   in   Ontario  county,  N. 
Y. ,  July  3,  1825,  son  of  James  and  Anna 
(Merely)  Bemis,  both  natives  of   Connec- 

James  Bemis,  when  a  young  man, 
emigrated  from  his  native  State  to  New 
York,  and  about  1832  came  to  Ohio.  He 
located  in  Groton  township,  Erie  county, 
erected  a  shop  on  his  farm,  and  for  many 
years  engaged  jointly  in  clearing  and  till- 
ing the  soil,  and  in  following  his  trade  of 
blacksmithing.  He  was  an  Old-line 
Whig,  and  died  before  the  war.  Both  he 
and  his  wife  were  buried  at  Bellevue. 
Their  family  of  nine  children  were  as  fol- 
lows: James,  who  died  in  Clyde,  aged 
seventy-two  j-ears;  Harriet  Nichols,  who 
died  at  her  home  in  Clyde  October  i, 
1894;  Chauncey,  of  Strawberry  Point, 
Iowa;  Shepherd,  of  Bowling  Green; 
Daniel,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Harvey, 
who  died  at  his  home  in  Illinois,  in  Sep- 
tember, 181J5;  Sally  Ann,  wife  of  James 
Tuck,  of  Lansing,  Mich. ;  Emeline.  wife 
of  John  Gardner,  of  York  township;  and 



Leonard,  who  died  at  the  age  of  fourteen 

Daniel  Bemis  grew  to  manhood  on  his 
father's  farm  in  Erie  county,  and  received 
his  education  in  the  district  schools.  He 
was  married,  March  2,  1854,  to  Cordelia 
Laughlin,  who  was  born  July  8,  1835,  in 
Erie  county,  daughter  of  John  and  Harriet 
(Call)  Laughlin.  John  Laughlin  was  born 
in  Beaver  county,  Penn.,  March  3,  1796. 
His  father  was  a  native  of  Ireland.  John 
Laughlin  was  a  soldier  in  the  war  of 
1 812,  and  when  a  young  man  he  came  to 
Berlin  township,  Erie  county,  where  he 
married  Harriet  Call.  She  was  born  in 
New  York  State,  November  26,  1807, 
daughter  of  Rev.  Call,  who  was  a  Baptist 
missionary  among  the  Indians.  He  had 
married  a  Miss  Cross,  and  settled  in  Ber- 
lin township,  Erie  count}'.  After  marriage 
John  and  Harriet  Laughlin  lived  in  Berlin 
township  until  1842,  and  then  moved  to 
Beaver  county,  Penn.  Nine  years  later 
they  returned  to  Erie  county,  where  the 
father  died  soon  after,  on  September  3, 
1 851;  the  mother  survived  until  Novem- 
ber 19,  1857.  The  children  of  John  and 
Harriet  Laughlin  were  as  follows:  Melissa, 
born  April  7,  1833,  married  Reuben  Met- 
calf,  and  lives  in  Muscatine  county,  Iowa; 
Cordelia,  wife  of  Mr.  Bemis;  Levi,  born 
September  17,  1837,  lives  in  Wood  coun- 
ty, Ohio;  Cyrus,  born  December  24, 
1839,  enlisted  in  the  autumn  of  1861  in 
Company  F,  Forty-ninth  O.  V.  I.,  and 
died  at  Louisville,  Ky. ,  in  August,  1864, 
from  a  wound  received  in  service;  Hud- 
son, born  May  9,  1842,  died  July  li, 
1857;  Clara,  born  August  i,  1846,  mar- 
ried Zeno  Bush,  and  died  August  23,  1875; 
Dana  Franklin,  born  September  23,  1850, 
died  March  12,   1852. 

After  marriage  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Bemis 
began  housekeeping  on  a  farm  in  Erie 
county,  and  remained  there  until  1856, 
when  they  removed  to  Sandusky  county, 
where  they  have  since  resided.  To  them 
have  been  born  children,  as  follows: 
Emeline,  born  April    11,    1855,  died  June 

19,  1856;  Daniel  H.,  born  July  11,  1858, 
died  April  18,  1865;  George  Laughlin, 
born  May  12,  1861,  married  and  has  one 
child — Edna — born  March  12,  1888  (they 
live  in  Sandusky  county);  Effie,  born 
July  25,  1863,  died  April  5,  1864;  Fred 
H.,  born  February  16,  1865,  married 
Nellie  Pickering,  and  they  are  the  parents 
of  three  children — Elsie,  Zeno  and  Her- 
bert; Zeno,  born  June  14,  1870,  resident 
of  Iowa;  Clara  B.,  born  March  i,  1875, 
at  home;  and  Burton  W. ,  born  July  i, 
1877,  at  home.  Mr.  Bemis  takes  an  active 
interest  in  politics,  and  is  a  stanch  mem- 
ber of  the  Republican  party. 

GEORGE  B.  SMITH,  dental  sur- 
geon, one  of  the  leading  profes- 
sional men  of  Fremont,  Sandusky 
county,  is  a  fair  example  of  the 
success  which  may  be  attained,  even  early 
in  life,  by  concentration  of  purpose  and 
thoroughness  of  preparation  in  any  chosen 

Dr.  Smith,  who  was  born  May  5,  1864, 
in  Ballville  township,  Sandusky  county, 
was  the  son  of  a  farmer,  but  decided  to 
forsake  the  pursuit  of  agriculture  which  so 
many  of  his  ancestors  had  followed,  and 
to  prepare  himself  for  a  professional  ca- 
reer. His  early  education  was  acquired 
in  the  district  school,  that  ahna  mater  to 
which  so  many  of  the  brilliant  minds,  not 
only  of  Ohio,  but  of  numerous  other 
States,  owe  allegiance,  this  being  followed 
by  a  course  in  the  high  school  at  Fre- 
mont. He  began  the  study  of  dentistry 
under  Dr.  Cregar,  of  the  same  city,  and 
afterward  attended  the  Dental  College  at 
Philadelphia,  Penn.,  from  which  he  was 
graduated  in  1887.  He  returned  to  Fre- 
mont and  at  once  entered  upon  his  pro- 
fession, in  which  he  has  been  eminently 
successful,  having  built  up  a  large  and 
constantly  increasing  practice. 

Dr.  Smith  is  so  admirably  equipped 
for  his  work,  both  from  natural  ability  and 
thorough    acquaintance   with   its   details. 



that  the  public  place  the  utmost  contideiice 
in  his  professional  skill.  Added  to  this, 
his  well-known  integrity  and  many  de- 
lifihtful  social  qualities  render  him  a  very 
agreeable  companion,  and  it  follows  as  a 
matter  of  course  that  he  occupies  a  promi- 
nent place  in  the  community.  He  is 
president  of  the  lipworth  League  of  Fre- 
mont, and  is  also  a  member  of  the  I.  O. 
O.  F.  He  is  non-partisan  in  politics,  but 
rather  leans  to  the  Republican  party,  with 
which  he  generally  casts  his  vote.  On 
May  I,  1893,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Iva 
M.  Fitch,  who  was  born  in  Angola,  Ind., 
and  is  a  daughter  of  Dr.  John  and  Kmma 
Fitch.  Dr.  Fitch  died  from  the  effect  of 
wounds  received  in  the  army;  his  widow 
still  resides  in  Fremont.  The  pleasant 
home  of  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Smith  is  the  resort 
of  a  large  circle  of  friends. 

It  may  not  be  amiss  to  add  here  a 
short  sketch  of  the  immediate  family  of 
our  subject.  His  father,  John  C.  Smith, 
who  is  a  farmer  of  Ballville  township, 
was  born  in  Warren  county,  N.  J.,  July 
9,  1828.  He  was  a  son  of  William  and 
Sarah  (Trimmer)  Smith,  of  Dutch  de- 
scent. William  Smith's  father  was  Peter 
Smith,  who  was  born  in  Holland,  emi- 
grated to  the  United  States,  served  dur- 
ing the  Revolutionary  war,  and  died  in 
New  Jersey.  William  Smith  grew  to 
manhood  in  New  Jersey,  where  he  fol- 
lowed farming  and  teaming.  He  removed 
to  Ferry  county,  Ohio,  in  1839,  and  to 
Ballville  township,  Sandusky  county,  in 
1847,  where  he  cultivated  a  farm;  he  died, 
in  1865.  at  the  age  of  seventy-tive  years. 
In  politics  he  was  a  Democrat.  His  wife 
died  July  3,  1858,  aged  si.xty-four  years. 
Their  children  were:  Henry,  who  is  a 
grocer  at  Newark,  Ohio;  Sarah,  married 
to  Jacob  R.  Cole,  a  farmer  of  Ballville 
township;  William,  a  farmer,  who  mar- 
ried Sarah  Sibbrel,  and  was  for  eighteen 
years  treasurer  of  Ballville  township  ; 
George,  a  farmer,  married  to  Fli^abeth 
Petty;  John  C  who  was  married  Novem- 
ber  I,   1850,    to  FUcnora   Bowland,    and 

Hannah  Maria,  who  died  when  eleven 
years  of  age.  The  children  of  John  C. 
and  Kllenora  Smith  were  as  follows: 
Susan,  born  October  4,  1 851,  married 
Judge  Kelley,  of  Port  Clinton,  Ohio,  their 
children  being  Amy,  Bessie  and  Donnell; 
Frank  P.,  born  July  27,  1855.  is  a  farmer 
(he  married  Laura  Spade,  and  has  two 
children,  Homer  and  Cleve),  and  George 
B.,  the  subject  of  this  sketch. 

AARON  SMART.  This  well-known 
farmer  and  lumber-mill  owner  has 
been  identified  with  the  growing 
interests  of  Townsend  township, 
Sandusky  county,  for  a  period  of  thirty 
years.  Much  of  the  prosperity  of  this 
township,  as  well  as  of  the  village  of 
V'ickerv,  is  due  to  his  profjressiveness  and 
indomitable  industry,  and,  knowing  and 
appreciating  this  fact,  his  fellow-citi/ens 
hold  him  in  high  esteem  and  regard. 

Mr.  Smart  was  born  in  Erie  county, 
Ohio,  December  18.  1842.  and  is  a  son  of 
Pettis  and  Sophia  (Kraemer)  Smart,  who 
had  a  family  of  eight  children,  of  whom  the 
following  named  five  survive:  Camellia, 
wife  of  Franklin  Plantz,  residing  in  Kan- 
sas; Aaron,  the  subject  of  this  sketch; 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Leary,  residing 
in  Wood  county;  Martha,  wife  of  F"red- 
erick  Wallie,  living  in  Elmore;  and  La- 
fayette, residing  near  Fremont.  When 
four  years  of  age  Aaron  Smart  came  with 
his  parents  to  Madison  township,  San- 
dusky Co.,  Ohio,  his  boyhood  days 
being  spent  here  upon  his  fathers  farm, 
and  he  received  his  education  in  the  dis- 
trict schools.  Here  he  resided  until  1861, 
in  which  year  he  enlisted  in  Company  A, 
One  Hundred  and  Eleventh  O.  V.  I.,  and 
served  his  country  faithfully  for  three 
years  during  the  war  of  the  Rebellion, 
taking  part  in  no  less  than  thirty-one  en- 
gagements. He  was  mustered  out  and 
finally  discharged  at  Cleveland  in  the 
spring  of  1865,  and  went  to  Fremnnt, 
Sandusky   county,     whither    his    parents 



had  removed  during  his  absence.  He  there 
again  engaged  in  agricultural  pursuits  for 
about  a  year,  removing  to  Townsend  in 
1866,  since  which  date  he  has  been  a  con- 
tinuous resident  of  that  township,  closely 
identified  with  its  varied  interests. 

In  Riley  township,  Sandusky  county, 
January  i,  1867,  Aaron  Smart  was  united 
in  marriage  with  Abigail  Lutes,  who  was 
born  in  Stark  county,  Ohio,  March  30, 
1846,  daughter  of  Adam  and  Elizabeth 
(Faber)  Lutes,  and  they  had  ten  children, 
eight  of  whom  are  now  living,  their  names 
and  dates  of  births  being  as  follows:  John 
W. ,  August  6,  1870;  Samuel  M.,  March 
II,  1872;  Clara  B.,  June  10,  1875  (she  is 
now  the  wife  of  Ernest  Werman);  Wes- 
ley P.,  November  3,  1877;  Aaron  L. , 
December  27,  1879;  Zella  E.,  January  9, 
1882;  Roscoe  C,  May  8,  1884;  and 
Glennie  G.,  March  3,  1886.  Politically, 
Mr.  Smart  is  a  good,  active  Democrat. 
He  has  served  his  township  efficiently  as 
trustee  for  six  years,  and  has  also  held 
other  township  ofBces.  Both  he  and  his 
family  attend  the  Methodist  Episcopal 

Hanover,  Germany,  October  19, 
1829,  and  is  a  son  of  Charles 
and  Julia  (Glaisecik)  Schroeder. 
Charles  Schroeder,  a  shoemaker  in  Ger- 
many, came  with  his  family  to  America 
in  1842,  and  located  in  Woodville  town- 
ship, Sandusky  Co.,  Ohi^.  Here  he 
bought  eighty  acres  of  timberland,  cleared 
it,  and  made  it  his  home  until  his  death, 
which  occurred  in  February,  1882.  His 
widow  died  in  1893. 

Henry  Schroeder  was  reared  on  his 
father's  farm,  and  obtained  a  good  En- 
glish and  German  school  education.  In 
his  eighteenth  year  he  went  to  Toledo, 
Ohio,  where  he  worked  three  years  at  the 
shoemaker's  trade.  He  then  returned  to 
Woodville,  Sandusky  county,  and  became 
associated    in     business     with    Nicholas 

Smith,  continuing  for  only  three  months, 
when  he  built  a  shop,  and  went  into  busi- 
ness for  himself.  In  1852  Henry  Schroe- 
der was  united  in  marriage  with  Sophia 
Dickmeyer,  by  whom  he  has  had  eight 
children,  as  follows:  Lucy,  who  married 
Fred  Sandwisch,  of  Woodville  township; 
Richie,  who  married  Henry  Snyder,  and 
lives  in  Michigan;  Carrie,  who  married 
Gus  Shepherds,  and  is  living  in  Michigan; 
Minnie  is  deceased;  Charles  married  Amy 
Kinker,  of  Toledo,  Ohio;  William  lives  in 
Michigan;  Harry  died  in  infancy;  Sophia 
is  deceased.  Mrs.  Henry  Schroeder  died 
December  18,  1874,  and  in  October,  1876, 
Mr.  Schroeder  again  married,  taking  to 
wife  Angeline  Shepherds,  daughter  of 
Harmony  Shepherds,  a  farmer  of  Indiana. 
Mr.  Schroeder  still  has  forty  acres  of 
valuable  land  in  Woodville  township,  San- 
dusky county,  which  he  rents  out.  He  is 
a  Democrat  in  politics,  has  been  superin- 
tendent of  roads,  is  trustee,  and  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Lutheran  Church. 

HG.  GIBBONS  is  a  leading  real- 
estate  dealer  of  Clyde,  Sandusky 
county,  and  is  a  native  of  New 
York  State,  born  July  27,  1842, 
at  Lisbon,  St.  Lawrence  county. 

On  his  father's  side  he  is  descended 
from  old  English  stock,  while  on  his 
mother's  he  claims  Scotch  descent.  His 
paternal  grandparents  in  an  early  day 
emigrated  from  their  native  land,  Eng- 
land, to  Upper  Canada  (now  Province  of 
Ontario),  where,  in  the  then  village  of 
Renfrew,  they  passed  the  rest  of  their 
lives.  Their  children  were:  James,  Will- 
iam, George,  Joseph,  Thomas  and  Mary, 
of  whom  James  was  a  ship  captain  on 
the  lakes  many  years;  William  and  George 
were  extensive  lumber  and  timber  mer- 
chants; Thomas  was  the  father  of  our  sub- 
ject, and  will  be  more  fully  spoken  of 
presently;  Mary  married  Philip  Thomp- 
son, all  of  whom  made  their  home  in  the 
vicinity  of  Renfrew,  Canada. 



Thomas  Gibbons  was  born  at  Renfrew, 
Canada,  in  1810,  whence  he  moved  to 
New  York  State,  making  a  permanent 
settlement  there.  For  many  years  he  was 
clerk  of  the  court  at  Canton,  St.  I^aw- 
rence  county,  and  enjoyed  a  wide  popu- 
larity. He  owned  a  larpe  farm,  and  at 
one  period  of  his  life  was  a  steamboat 
clerk  on  the  river  St.  Lawrence,  at  another 
time  conducting  a  mercantile  business. 
He  was  married  at  Canton,  N.  Y..  to 
Isabella  Thompson,  who  was  born  in 
Scotland  in  18 10,  and  when  an  eight- 
year-old  girl  came  to  America  with  her 
parents,  who  settled  in  St.  Lawrence 
county,  N.  Y.,  where  they  followed  agri- 
cultural pursuits.  To  Thomas  (libbons 
and  his  wife  were  born  eleven  children,  a 
brief  record  of  whom  is  as  follows:  (i) 
William  was  a  veteran  in  the  war  of  the 
Rebellion,  and  was  made  prisoner  at  the 
battle  of  Spottsylvania  Court  House, 
where  he  was  wounded;  he  died  recently 
in  St.  Lawrence  county,  N.  Y.  (2)  James 
was  a  clerk  in  Ogdensburg,  N.  Y.,  for 
about  fifteen  years,  and  subsequently  fol- 
lowed the  trade  of  jeweler.  (3)  Jona- 
than was  a  wholesale  merchant  at  Flack- 
villo.  St.  Lawrence  Co.,  N.  Y.  (4)  Isaac 
ran  a  mail  stage  for  many  years  at 
Ogden,  N.  Y.,  and  is  now  a  wholesale 
merchant  at  Hermon,  N.  Y.  (5)  Mary 
Jane  married  Lli  Vandelinder,  and  they 
live  at  DeKalb  Junction,  N.  Y.  (6)  Ag- 
nes married  Samuel  Baxter,  a  farmer  and 
<lairyman  of  DeKalb,  N.  Y.  (7)  H.  G. 
is  the  subject  proper  of  this  sketch.  (8) 
Marcelia  married  Joseph  Lawrence,  and 
they  are  residents  of  New  York  State. 
(9)  Susannah  married  Thomas  McConkey, 
and  they  moved  to  Toronto,  Canada, 
where  they  died.  (10)  George  is  a  whole- 
sale and  retail  merchant  at  DeKalb  Junc- 
tion, N.  Y.,  where  he  is  a  leading  politician. 
(II)  Helen  married  Albert  Lawrence,  a 
furniture  dealer  of  DeKalb  Junction,  N.  Y. 
The  parents  of  this  numerous  family  died, 
the  father  in  i860,  the  mother  in  1874. 
H.  G.  Gibbons  received  a  liberal  edu- 

cation at  the  public  schools  of  the  vi- 
cinity of  his  place  of  birth,  subsequently 
attending  college  at  Canton.  N.  Y.,  after 
which  he  went  to  Canada  and  there  taught 
school  some  seven  years.  Returning  to 
New  York  State,  he  did  not  long  tarry 
there,  having  concluded  to  try  his  fortune 
in  the  then  Far  West.  After  a  brief  resi- 
dence in  Chicago,  however,  he  "drifted" 
from  there  to  New  Orleans,  whence  after 
a  stay  of  some  three  months  he  returned 
north,  and  in  1863  took  up  his  tenjporary 
abode  in  Cleveland.  Ohio.  brom  there 
he  once  more  proceeded  to  New  York 
State,  thence  a  second  time  to  Canada, 
where  he  again  took  up  the  profession  of 
school-teacher.  At  the  end  of  about  a 
year  he  returned  to  the  United  States,  and 
in  Riley  township.  Sandusky  Co..  Ohio, 
made  a  more  permanent  settlement.  Here 
for  twenty  years  he  taught  school,  be- 
coming a  representative  "dominie,"  a 
veritable  reproduction  of  the  school-mas- 
ter Oliver  Goldsmith  had  in  his  mind's  eye 
when  he  penned  the  lines: 

A  man  severe  he  was,  and  stern  t<i  view: 
I  knew  him  well,  as  every  truant  knew; 

Well  had  the  boding  tremblers  learned   to 
The  day's  disasters  in  his  morninp  face. 

After  this  e.xtensive  and  honorable  pro- 
fessional career  Mr.  Gibbons  retired  from 
the  field  of  pedagogy  to  engage  in  other 
pursuits,  among  which  may  be  mentioned 
the  selling  of  farm  machinery  among  the 
agricultural  classes,  more  recently  taking 
up  the  real-estate  business,  in  which  latter 
occupation  he  is  at  present  extensively 
engaged  in  the  city  of  Clyde. 

Mr.  Gibbons  has  been  twice  married 
first  time  m  1869  to  Miss  Sarah  Van  Bus- 
kirk,  who  was  born  in  Riley  township, 
Sandusky  Co..  Ohio,  and  who  passed 
away  two  years  after  marriage,  leaving 
one  child,  Justin  R.,  born  February  11, 
1868,  died  April  16,  1888.  For  his  sec- 
ond wife  Mr.  Gibbons  was  married  in  1871 
to  Miss  Sarah  Hawk,  who  was  born  in 
Green    Creek    township,    Sandusky    Co  , 



Ohio,  November  i,  1848,  and  the  record 
of  the  children  born  to  this  union  is  as 
follows:  (i)  Maude  M.,  born  March  14, 
1874,  is  one  of  the  most  estimable  young 
ladies  of  Clyde,  and  is  at  present  assisting 
her  father  in  his  real-estate  business;  (2) 
Mabel  L. ,  born  December  28,  1882;  (3) 
Harry  G.,  born  October  21,  1886;  (4) 
Clyde,  born  April  13,  1890,  died  Decem- 
ber 8,  1890.  Mr.  Gibbons  is  a  man  of 
impulsive  yet  sympathetic  temperament, 
scourging  all  that  is  wrong  with  unrelent- 
ing lash,  and  cleaving  to  what  is  right 
with  fierce  tenacity.  To  his  enemies  he 
is  generous,  though  antagonistic;  to  his 
friends  he  is  faithful  and  sincere.  In  his 
political  preferences  he  is  an  ardent  Dem- 
ocrat, and  he  enjoys  the  esteem  and  re- 
spect of  a  wide  circle  of  friends. 

of  the  well-to-do  farmers  of  Green 
Creek  township,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, and  a  citizen  of  high  type, 
who  is  interested  in  all  affairs  of  public 
moment,  is  by  birth  a  Marylander.  He 
was  born  in  Frederick  county,  that  State, 
October  29,  1830,  and  is  the  son  of 
George  and  Rosanna  (Barrack)  Zimmer- 

His  father  was  of  the  old  Pennsylvania- 
German  stock,  and  was  born  in  the 
"  Keystone  "  State.  He  was  by  trade  a 
shoemaker,  and  also  engaged  extensively 
in  farming.  He  was  a  man  of  thrifty 
habits,  and  by  industry  accumulated  a 
competence.  He  died  in  Frederick  county 
at  the  age  of  sixty-four  years.  In  relig- 
ious belief  he  was  a  Lutheran;  while  his 
wife  was  a  member  of  the  German  Re- 
formed Church.  The  family  of  George 
and  Rosanna  Zimmerman  consisted  of 
eight  children,  as  follows:  William;  Mary, 
now  Mrs.  Shank;  Wesley  (deceased); 
Minerva,  wife  of  Oliver  Lease;  Barbara, 
wife  of  C.  Myer;  Theodore  Jacob  (de- 
ceased), all  of  the  State  of  Maryland, 
and  George  A.,  subject  of  this  sketch. 

George  A.  Zimmerman  was  reared  in 
Maryland,  attending  the  district  schools 
and  assisting  on  his  father's  farm.  In  the 
spring  of  1857,  at  the  age  of  twenty-sev- 
en years,  he  came  to  Tiffin,  Ohio,  and  in 
the  autumn  of  the  same  year  he  moved  to 
Sandusky  county.  On  the  13th  of  Sep- 
tember, i860,  he  was  married  to  Miss 
Mary  Ira,  a  native  of  Germany.  The 
union  of  George  and  Mary  Zimmerman 
has  been  blessed  by  the  birth  of  four 
children,  as  follows:  Francis  (deceased) 
and  Franklin  (twins),  born  December  5, 
1 861;  Rosanna,  born  January  2,  1864 
(died  March  2,  1893),  and  George  Wes- 
ley, born  June  14,  1875.  The  son  Frank- 
lin is  a  prominent  minister  of  the  Ohio 
Conference  Methodist  Episcopal  Church, 
receiving  his  collegiate  and  theological 
education  at  Delaware,  Ohio,  and  Bos- 
ton Theological  Seminary.  Rev.  Zim- 
merman began  his  ministr)'  in  i  889,  and 
was  married  to  Miss  Mary  Grove,  of  Find- 
lay,  Ohio.  Four  children  have  been  born 
to  them,  namely:  Ruth,  Paul,  Helen  and 
Kenneth.  The  younger  son,  George,  is 
now  engaged  in  tilling  his  father's  farm, 
and  promises  to  soon  be  one  of  the  suc- 
cessful agriculturists  of  Sandusky  county. 

Mr.  Zimmerman  is  a  prominent  and 
consistent  member  of  the  Green  Spring 
M.  E.  Church,  being  a  liberal  contributor 
to  all  the  Christian  charities,  and  prac- 
ticing in  his  daily  walk  all  he  professes. 
Mrs.  Zimmerman  is  no  less  known  for 
her  many  virtues,  being  a  life  member  of 
of  the  Women's  Foreign  Missionary  So- 
ciety of  the  M.  E.  Church,  and  a  cheer- 
ful laborer  in  all  Church  work. 

ed. If  character  counts  for  aught, 
the  subject  of  this  sketch  was  a 
wealthy  man.  His  neighbors 
learned  by  experience,  if  they  did  not  ac- 
quire the  knowledge  by  intuition,  that  the 
word  of  Mr.  Kernahan  was  worth  its  face 
value    any  time,    that  he  never  made  a 





[iromise  without  fiiltilling  it,  unless  cir- 
cumstances, impossible  to  control,  arose 
to  prevent.  This  regard  for  his  word, 
however,  was  not  a  hobby  with  Mr.  Ker- 
nahan,  nor  was  it  the  absorbing  quality  of 
his  mind;  it  was  only  an  index  to  the 
moral  and  mental  soundness  of  the  man. 

He  came  of  Scotch-Irish  stock,  and 
was  born  in  Livinjjston  county,  N.  Y., 
July  19,  1S36,  son  of  Alexander  and  Han- 
nah (Clapp)  Kernahan.  Alexander  Ker- 
nahan  was  born  in  Ireland  about  i8cx5, 
ami  when  a  young  man  emigrated  to 
.\morica,  settling  first  in  Onondaga  county, 
N.  v..  where  he  worked  for  eight  dollars 
per  month,  and  subsequently  moving  to 
Livingston  county,  N.  Y.,  whence,  in  1S54. 
he  came  to  Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  where 
he  bought  land  and  spent  the  remainder  of 
his  years,  dying  in  1876.  In  politics  he 
was  a  Republican,  and  in  religious  belief 
a  Presbyterian.  Strict  in  his  habits,  he 
was  universally  esteemed.  Hannah 
(Clapp)  was  a  native  of  England,  and 
died  in  Sandusky  county.  The  children 
of  Alexander  and  H-annah  Kernahan  were 
five  in  number,  three  of  whom — Ambrose, 
James  and  Eliza  —grew  to  maturity. 

Ambrose  Kernahan  was  reared  to 
fariTiing  on  his  father's  land  in  Green 
Creek  township.  He  was  a  strong  Union 
man  during^  the  Civil  war,  and  was  a 
member  of  the  One  Hundred  and  Sixty- 
ninth  O.  V.  I.,  which  in  1864  was  called 
out  in  the  one-hundred-days'  service,  and 
liid  guard  duty  at  I'ort  Ethan  Allen  and 
Washington  when  Gen.  Jubal  A.  Early 
was  making  a  demonstration  against  the 
capital  city  of  the  nation.  After  the  war 
he  settled  on  the  farm,  and  in  1870  he 
married  Miss  Elizabeth  McKinney,  who 
was  born  in  New  York,  July  29.  1840. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kernahan  had  no  chil- 
ilrcn.  Mr.  Kernahan  was  a  prominent 
member  of  Eaton  Post  No.  55,  G.  A.  R., 
of  Clyde.  He  was  engaged  in  general 
farming,  and  was  progressive  and  thor- 
ough in  his  methods,  being  recognized  as 
one  of  the   best  farmers  in  Green  Creek 

township.  He  was  a  keen  observer,  not- 
ing with  intelligent  care  the  magnitude  of 
the  changes  which  occurred  in  doing 
business  since  his  boyhood  days,  a  half 
century  ago.  He  was  popular  in  the 
conmiunity  wherein  he  had  so  long  had 
1  his  home,  and  when  he  was  called  from 
earth,  on  January  15,  1895,  his  fellow 
citizens  mourned  the  departure  of  a 
much  beloved  and  deservedly  esteemed 

HOMER   BRUBAKER,  a   success- 
ful farmer  and  a   jirominent  and 
popular  citizen  of  Madison  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  was  born 
February  9,   183S,  and  is  a  son  of  John 
and  Esther  Brubaker. 

John  Brubaker  was  born  in  Bedford 
county,  Penn.,  in  the  year  1801,  and 
married  Esther  Miilur,  who  was  born 
in  Pennsylvania  in  181 1.  Her  father's 
name  was  John  Miller.  Mr.  Brubaker 
came  to  Ohio  in  1830,  and  located  on  an 
eighty-acre  tract  of  timber  land,  where 
he  afterward  lived.  He  died  there  in 
1848,  and  his  wife,  surviving  him,  died  in 
1889.  They  had  ten  children,  namely: 
Jacob,  married  Susan  Mills,  a  farmer  in 
Indiana,  and  they  have  hail  nine  chil- 
dren; Elida  died  at  the  age  of  twenty- 
one;  Elizabeth  married  John  Kelly,  a 
farmer  in  Illinois;  Susan  married  William 
Scott,  they  had  nine  chiKircn,  and  both 
parents  are  now  dead;  Mary  was  twice 
married,  first  time  to  Lee  Mills,  and  they 
had  four  children;  after  the  death  of 
Mr.  Mills  she  married  Daniel  Smith,  and 
they  live  in  Waterloo.  Ind. ;  Michael  mar- 
ried Susan  Miller,  and  they  had  six  chil- 
dren; he  died  in  1864.  Henry  was  twice 
married;  first  time  to  Elizabeth  Kline, 
by  whom  he  had  two  children,  both  of 
whom  died  young ;  his  second  wife 
was  Mary  Sturtevant,  and  they  had 
three  children,  one  of  whom  died 
young;  Henry  died  in  1870,  and  the 
widow  and  her  two  children  went  west, 



where  she  married  again.  Mahelia  died 
young.  John,  now  a  farmer,  married 
Delia  Garn;  they  have  had  seven  chil- 
dren, and  they  now  live  in  Jackson  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county;  and  Homer  is 
the  subject  of  this  sketch. 

During  his  earlier  years  Homer  Bru- 
baker  lived  at  home,  and  worked  out  at 
times  until  he  married.  On  October  23, 
1858,  he  was  united  in  marriage  with 
Margaret  Ickes,  who  was  born  February 
9,  1840,  and  they  have  had  the  follow- 
ing named  children:  Alfred,  now  an  oil 
speculator  and  farmer,  born  March  i, 
1862;  Ida,  born  February  22,  1864,  mar- 
ried Albert  Klotz,  and  they  have  had  two 
children,  and  live  in  Washington  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county;  Gary,  born  March 
II,  1869,  died  December  25,  1879; 
Laura,  born  July  20,  1875,  married  John 
Allison,  of  Oil  City,  Penn. ;  Stella  was 
born  September  24,  1877;  Lester  and 
Lesta  (twins)  were  born  January  4,  1S81, 
and  Lesta  died  February  16,   1881. 

Mrs.  Brubaker's  father,  George  Ickes, 
was  born  August  7,  1800,  and  died  in 
1890.  Her  mother,  whose  maiden  name 
was  Margaret  Croyle,  was  born  February 
20,  1803,  and  died  April  18,  1867.  They 
had  thirteen  children,  two  of  whom  died 
young.  The  others  are:  Henry  married 
Susan  Stainer,  and  they  had  eight  chil- 
dren. Adam  married  Mary  Campbell, 
and  they  live  in  Indiana.  Catherine  mar- 
ried Ed  Burkett,  of  Washington  town- 
ship, and  they  have  had  twelve  children. 
Thomas  married  Margaret  Long,  and 
they  have  had  four  children;  they  live  in 
Scott  township,  Sandusky  county.  Bar- 
bara married  John  Valentine,  and  they 
have  had  two  children;  they  live  in  Madi- 
son township.  Susan  died  young.  Sarah 
married  David  Miller,  a  farmer  in  Wash- 
ington township,  and  they  have  had  six 
children.  Michael  married  Ellen  Russell, 
and  they  have  had  two  children;  they 
live  in  Nebraska.  Margaret  is  Mrs. 
Homer  Brubaker.  Sophia  married  John 
Rosenburg,  who  died,  and  she  afterward 

married  Jacob  Clapper,  and  they  have 
had  four  children;  they  live  in  Madison 
township.  George  married  Mary  Garn, 
and  they  have  had  one  child;  they  live  in 
Grand  Rapids,  Mich.  George  Ickes  (Sr.) 
came  to  Ohio  in  the  fall  of  1832  and  en- 
tered eighty  acres  of  land  in  Madison 
township,  on  which  he  built  a  log  cabin, 
wherein  he  lived.  He  was  one  of  fifteen 
who  attended  the  first  election  in  Madison 
township,  which  was  held  in  an  old 
blacksmith  shop  owned  by  Jacob  Garn. 
He  did  a  great  deal  in  making  roads  and 
settling  up  Madison  township,  and  was 
well  known  far  and  near.  At  that  time 
the  nearest  gristmill  was  at  Fremont, 
Sandusky  county,  and  it  took  them  sev- 
eral days  to  make  the  trip. 

About  the  time  of  his  marriage  Homer 
Brubaker  rented  120  acres  of  land,  on 
which  he  lived  one  year,  then  bought 
thirty-seven  acres  where  Gibsonburg  now 
stands,  which  cost  him  six  hundred  dol- 
lars. He  lived  on  this  land  seven  years, 
then  sold  it  and  bought  ninety-five  acres, 
and  later  twenty-five,  after  which  he 
moved  upon  this  property  and  has  lived 
here  ever  since.  He  also  has  120  acres 
in  Madison  township,  Sandusky  county, 
known  as  the  George  Ickes  property.  He 
deals  in  horses  and  cattle.  His  land  is 
situated  in  the  oil  belt,  and  has  been 
leased  to  the  Standard  Oil  Company.  Mr. 
Brubaker,  as  is  also  his  wife,  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Evangelical  Church  at  Gibson- 
burg. He  is  a  Democrat,  has  several 
times  held  different  offices  such  as  those 
of  school  director  and  supervisor,  and  is 
well  liked  in  the  community. 

JOHN  SNYDER,  who  is  successfully 
engaged  in  agricultural  pursuits  in 
Sandusky  county,  his  home  being  in 
Washington  township,  is  numbered 
among  the  native  sons  of  that  county, 
where  he  was  born  May  25,1 846.  His  par- 
ents were  James  and  Elizabeth  (Fought) 



His  father  was  born  in  Berkeley 
county.  Nirginia.  December  15,  1800.  He 
was  in  his  early  life  one  of  the  hardy  and 
exemplary  young  men  who  sought  early  a 
a  home  in  the  wilds  of  the  Western  coun- 
try, which  was  then  principally  inhabited 
by  will!  animals,  savage  beasts  and  veno- 
mous reptiles.  His  father  was  a  mill- 
wright; also  the  owner  of  a  large  grist- 
mill, and  his  vigorous  and  reliable  son 
Jamts  was  the  miller.  This  was  his  prin- 
cipal occupation  until  he  arrived  at  the 
age  of  twenty-three  years.  Having  never 
attended  school,  except  about  two  months, 
in  all  his  life,  he  had  at  that  time  a  very 
limited  knowledge  of  books,  and  nearly 
everything  else  save  what  his  father  as  a 
millwright  had  taught  him.  The  thrilling 
stories  of  Western  hunters  and  adventur- 
ers, which  he  had  frequcntl)'  heard,  had  in- 
spired within  him  adesire  to  emigrate  west- 
ward, and  to  obtain  for  himself  a  satisfac- 
tor)'  knowledge  as  to  the  truth  of  these 
statements.  The  necessary  arrangements 
were  soon  made,  and  in  the  spring  of 
1825  he  bade  adieu  to  the  home  of  his 
childhood  with  all  its  endearments,  and 
came,  in  company  with  his  brother-in- 
law,  Andrew  Miller,  in  a  two-horse  wagon 
to  the  central  part  of  Ohio,  where  he 
spent  about  two  years  in  different  parts 
of  the  State  working  at  times  for  a  shill- 
ing a  day.  He  then  concluded  to  return 
home  and  visit  his  father's  family  and 
friends.  With  but  a  few  dollars  jingling 
in  his  pockets,  and  with  no  friend  to  ac- 
company him  save  his  rifle,  he  set  out  on 
foot  f(jr  his  fathers  home  in  \'irginia. 
There  was  a  long  and  dreary  road  stretch- 
ed out  before  him;  but  his  determination, 
supported  by  his  physical  strength,  was 
more  than  equal  to  the  task.  He  accom- 
plished his  journey  in  safety,  subsisting 
principally  upon  what  game  he  killed 
along  the  way. 

He  remained  at  home  a  few  months, 
and  again  set  out  on  foot,  and  came  to 
Ferry  county.  Ohio,  where  he  soon  after 
married  Elizabeth,  a  daughter  of  Michael 

Fought,  with  whom  he  lived  peaceably 
and  happily  from  that  time  until  his  death, 
which  occurred  July  20,  1876.  He  came 
to  this  county  in  1 830.  and  in  Washington 
township  entered  eighty  acres  of  govern- 
ment land,  upon  which  he  built  what  he 
called  a  snug  little  log  cabin.  He  was 
now  surrounded  on  all  sides  by  large  for- 
ests, extending  for  many  miles  in  every 
direction.  The  tall  and  stately  trees  pre- 
vented even  the  sun  from  shining  down 
upon  the  little  log  cabin  which  he  had 
built.  The  hungry  wolves  and  other  wild 
animals  would  come  at  night  and  howl 
and  bark  around  his  door,  as  though  they 
craved  him  for  their  prey.  It  was  not 
long,  however,  until  he  had  cleared  away 
a  spot  of  ground  upon  which  to  raise 
some  corn,  which  was  the  only  grain  that 
he  could  raise  for  a  number  of  years. 
Thus  he  obtained  for  himself  and  family 
a  scant  living,  for  a  few  years  subsisting 
chiefly  upon  cornbread  and  wild  game. 
His  neighbors  were  few  and  far  away,  and, 
being  as  poor  as  he,  could  therefore  give 
him  but  little  or  no  assistance.  He 
would  frequently  carry  a  bushel  of  corn 
to  mill  all  the  way  to  Lower  Sandusky 
(now  Fremont),  eight  miles  through  the 
mud  and  water,  and  return  the  same  day, 
and  then  take  mush  and  milk  for  his 
supper.  He  was  firm  and  determined  in 
everything  he  undertook.  Patience,  per- 
severance and  hard  labor  procured  for 
him  and  his  companion  a  comfortable  and 
pleasant  home  which  has  been  their  en- 
joyment for  a  number  of  years.  His 
companion  died  September  17,  1881,  aged 
seventy-two  years,  six  months,  and  six- 
teen days,  a  grand  and  heroic  woman,  no 
work  being  too  laborious  for  her  to  do  for 
the  comfort  of  her  family.  There  were 
eleven  children  in  the  family:  Eii^a  Ann, 
wife  of  Philip  Kluts,  a  Jackson  township 
farmer;  she  was  the  eldest  of  the  family 
of  children,  was  born  in  Perry  county, 
and  died  in  Sandusky  county  May  12. 
1890.  aged  sixty  years,  three  months, 
five  days;  she  was  a  faithful  member  of  the 



United  Brethren  Church;  her  hope  was 
very  bright,  and  she  requested  her  friends 
to  meet  her  in  heaven.  Sarah,  wife  of 
Joel  Dershem,  a  farmer,  was  born  January 
5,  1832,  and  died  January  25,  1895;  she 
was  a  faithful  member  of  the  Methodist 
Church,  and  her  prayer  was  turned  to 
praise  before  her  spirit  took  its  flight. 
Jacob  Snyder,  the  oldest  of  the  boys,  a 
a  highly  respected  citizen,  in  religious  be- 
lief belongs  to  the  Reformed  Church. 
William  Snyder  died  when  about  a  year 
old.  James  Snyder  died  in  January,  1 862. 
Levi  Snyder,  a  farmer  in  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, is  in  Church  belief  a  Methodist.  Sam- 
uel Snyder  is  living  in  Fremont,  a  respected 
citizen.  Noah  Snyder,  by  occupation  a 
restaurant  man,  lives  in  Fremont.  John 
Snyder,  the  seventh  son,  is  the  subject 
proper  of  these  lines,  and  will  be  more 
fully  referred  to  presently.  Elizabeth  be- 
came the  wife  of  Jackson  King,  a  Sandusky 
county  farmer,  who  died,  and  afterward 
she  was  the  wife  of  Samuel  Lay,  living  in 
Fremont.  Ertima,  the  youngest,  is  the 
wife  of  James  Seagraves,  a  farmer  living 
in  Michigan.  The  children  are  worthy 
representatives  of  that  class  which  consti- 
tutes America's  best  citizens,  and  they 
owe  it  all  to  the  training  they  received 
under  the  parental  roof. 

John  Snyder  can  distinctly  remember 
when  he  could  sit  in  his  father's  half- 
bushel  measure,  twelve  inches  in  diameter, 
very  comfortabl) ,  and  as  soon  as  he  was 
able  to  carry  a  hoe  he  went  into  the  corn- 
field, and  has  ever  since  been  accustomed 
to  hard  work.  On  October  2,  1873,  he 
was  joined  in  wedlock  with  Miss  Mahala 
Cookson,  a  daughter  of  one  of  the  lead- 
ing farmers  of  Sandusky  county,  and  they 
have  one  child,  Mabel,  born  September 
25,  1884.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Snyder  are 
widely  known  throughout  the  communit}', 
and  have  a  wide  circle  of  friends  and  ac- 
quaintances who  esteem  them  highly  for 
their  sterling  worth.  Mr.  Snyder  is  a 
warm  advocate  of  temperance  principles, 
while  in  religious  belief  he  is  a  Methodist. 

THEODORE  BROWN,  one  of  the 
progressive   and    highly-respected 
citizens  of  Clyde,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty, is  a  native  of  Ohio,  born  near 
Republic,    Seneca    county,    December  8, 
1844,    a   son     of    Elijah    and    Catherine 
(Sherrick)  Brown. 

The  birth  of  the  father  occurred  near 
Frederick  City,  Md. ,  May  31,  1806,  and 
his  father,  who  was  a  native  of  England, 
and  in  this  country  kept  a  hotel,  died 
when  his  son  was  quite  young.  In  1828 
the  latter  emigrated  to  Perry  county, 
Ohio,  where  he  married  Miss  Sherrick, 
and  to  them  were  born  seven  children: 
Henry,  born  in  1837,  was  a  telegraph 
operator  of  Baton  Rouge,  La.,  where  he 
died  of  yellow  fever  in  1856;  William, 
born  in  1838,  is  a  telegraph  operator  of 
Brainerd,  Minn. ;  Eliza  Jane,  born  in 
1840,  married  Edward  Crockett,  and 
lives  near  Green  Springs,  Seneca  Co., 
Ohio;  Mary,  born  in  1842,  died  at  the 
age  of  two  years;  Theodore  is  the  next  in 
order  of  birth;  Ann,  born  in  1848,  mar- 
ried Wesley  Miller,  and  resides  on  the  old 
homestead  in  Seneca  county;  and  Sam- 
uel, born  in  1851,  is  married  and  lives  at 
Ottawa,  Kans.  In  1841  the  father  located 
in  Scipio  township,  Seneca  Co.,  Ohio, 
three  miles  northwest  of  Republic,  where 
he  entered  a  tract  of  land  from  the  gov- 
ernment, which  he  cleared  and  developed, 
and  on  that  place  made  his  home  until  his 
death  January  9,  1885.  He  identified 
himself  with  the  cause  of  Christ  in  early 
life,  uniting  with  the  Methodist  Episcopal 
Church.  Politically,  he  first  supported 
the  Whig  party,  but  later  became  a  Dem- 
ocrat. His  wife,  who  was  born  in  Perry 
count}',  Ohio,  in  181 1,  is  still  living,  mak- 
ing her  home  with  her  children,  and  she 
also  is  a  consistent  member  of  the  Meth- 
odist Episcopal  Church. 

On  the  old  farm  near  Republic,  Theo- 
dore Brown  was  reared  to  manhood,  at- 
tending the  district  schools,  and  assisted 
in  the  management  of  the  home  place 
until    reaching    the    age    of    twenty-four 



years,  with  the  exception  of  one  year, 
which  was  spent  as  fireman  on  a  railroad. 
He  now  began  operating  his  father's  farm 
on  his  own  account,  and  there  remained 
until  1885,  when  he  located  on  a  farm  at 
Lakeside.  Ottawa  Co.,  Ohio,  which  he 
carried  on  for  three  years,  when  he  again 
removed  to  Republic,  thence  to  Lakeside 
whore  he  lived  nine  months,  thence  to 
Green  Creek  township.  Sandusky  county, 
arriving  here  in  1 886.  Here  he  purchased 
1 18  acres  of  fine  land. 

On  September  2.  1S68,  Mr.  Brown 
and  Miss  Nellie  Hogg  were  married,  the 
ceremony  being  performed  by  Kev.  Ed- 
ward Jewett,  of  Sandusky,  Ohio,  one  of 
the  oldest  ministers  of  the  Methodist 
Episcopal  Church.  He  has  also  baptized 
the  two  children  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  lirown 
— Robert  H..  who  was  born  August  5, 
1872,  and  Thomas  W.,  who  was  born  May 
22,  1874,  and  on  February  14,  1894,  was 
married  to  Ida  Smith;  they  now  make 
their  home  with  our  subject.  Mrs.  Brown 
was  born  in  Paterson,  N.  J.,  October  25, 
1837;  but  her  childhood  was  passed  in 
Sandusky  county,  where  she  received  an 
excellent  education  in  the  public  and  high 
schools,  and  at  the  age  of  fifteen  years 
she  began  teaching,  which  occupation  she 
followed  in  this  locality  and  at  Put-in- 
Bay  Island  until  she  was  married. 

Mrs.  Brown  is  a  daughter  of  Thomas 
and  Jeannette  (Lachlison)  Hogg.  Her 
mother  was  born  in  Preston,  England, 
November  11,  181  i,  and  in  her  maiden- 
hood came  to  America.  In  1836.  at  Pat- 
erson. N.  J.,  she  wedded  Mr.  Hogg,  and 
by  her  marriage  became  the  mother  of 
three  children — Nellie,  now  Mrs.  Brown; 
Robert,  an  engineer  on  the  Lakeside  & 
Marblehead  Short  Line  railroad,  and  Isa- 
bel, living  near  Lakeside,  Ottawa  Co., 
Ohio.  The  mother  died  at  Sandusky, 
Ohio,  in  1844.  The  father  was  also  a  na- 
tive of  Preston,  England,  born  March  16, 
1808.  He  learned  the  trade  of  a  ma- 
chinist, and,  after  coming  to  America, 
worked  for  a  number  of  years  in  the  Rogers 

Locomotive  Works  at  Paterson,  N.  J. 
When  the  Mad  River  &  Lake  Erie  rail- 
road was  built,  Mr.  Hogg  was  sent  west 
in  charge  of  a  locomotive  for  that  com- 
pany, the  first  one  purchased  by  it,  and 
the  pioneer  railroad  locomotive  west  of 
the  Alleghany  mountains.  This  was  in 
1837,  and  he  made  the  trip  over  the  Hud- 
son river,  Erie  canal  and  Lake  Erie,  land- 
ing at  Sandusky.  Ohio.  After  getting  this 
engine,  "Sandusky"  by  name,  up  and  in 
operation,  he  was  induced  to  remain  as 
its  engineer;  and  later  he  was  made  mas- 
ter mechanic  on  that  road.  After  the 
death  of  his  first  wife,  Mr.  Hogg  wedded 
Mary  Driver,  a  native  of  Montreal.  Can- 
ada, and  by  this  union  four  children  were 
born — Stella,  Alice  and  Nettie  (twins), 
and  Thomas.  The  mother  is  still  living 
and  resides  near  Lakeside,  Ohio.  For 
many  years  Mr.  Hogg  followed  railroad- 
ing, but  in  1867  he  retired  to  his  farm  in 
Danbury,  Ottawa  Co.,  Ohio,  where  his 
death  occurred  April  21.  1881.  He  was 
a  man  of  unusual  physical  and  mental 
vigor;  of  strong  will  and  honest  purpose, 
and  made  his  mark  wherever  he  went. 

Theodore  Brown,  the  subject  proper 
of  this  sketch,  attended  the  lectures  given 
by  Miss  Frances  E.  Willard  at  Lakeside, 
Ohio,  and  by  her  was  converted,  becom- 
ing a  strong  Prohibitionist.  He  voted  that 
ticket  when  only  two  others  were  cast  in 
Green  Creek  township.  Sandusky  county. 
He  and  his  wife  are  earnest  members  of 
the  Methodist  Episcopal  Church.  They 
enjoy  the  friendship  of  a  large  circle  of  ac- 
quaintances, and  are  numbered  among 
the  prominent  and  influential  citizens  of 
Sandusky  county. 

ORSON     HIGLEV,     a     successful 
farmer    and    one    of    the    oldest 
residents  of  Townsend  township, 
Sandusky    county,    is    a    son    of 
Hezckiah  and  Jerusha  (Clock)  Higley,  and 
was  born  in  Cayuga  county,  N.  Y.,  June 
24,  1827. 



Hezekiah  Higley  was  born  of  English- 
Scotch  ancestry  in  New  York  State  in 
1794.  Heenhsted  in  the  American  army, 
served  during  the  war  of  1812,  and  was 
honorably  discharged.  In  1824  he  was 
united  in  marriage  with  Jerusha  Heath, 
who  was  born  in  New  York  State  in  1797, 
and  they  had  the  following  children: 
Anson,  who  died  at  Hudson,  Mich. ;  Orson, 
the  subject  of  this  sketch;  William,  of 
Seneca  county;  George,  who  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Seventy-second  O.  V.  I.,  and 
died  in  hospital;  Laura,  Mrs.  Cyrus  Dan- 
iels, who  died  in  Riley  township,  Septem- 
ber, 1894;  Sophia,  Mrs.  David  Fuller 
(deceased);  and  Sophronis,  who  died  at 
home  in  June,  1861.  In  1829  Mr.  Hig- 
ley moved  to  Erie  county,  Ohio,  and  five 
years  later  to  the  then  unbroken  wilder- 
ness of  Riley  township,  in  this  county. 
The  only  means  for  finding  one's  way  was 
to  follow  trails  or  "blazed"  trees,  as  no 
roads  had  been  marked  out  in  the  entire 
township.  Mr.  Higley  bought  and  cleared 
forty  acres  which  a  few  years  after  he 
traded  for  eighty  acres  of  land  in  Town- 
send  township,  where  he  made  his  home 
during  the  remainder  of  his  life.  Shortly 
before  his  death  the  government  began  to 
substantially  reward  him  for  his  services 
in  the  war  of  1812,  by  granting  him  a 
pension.  He  died  January  19,  1886;  Mrs. 
Higley  preceding  him,  having  passed  away 
in  1880. 

When  Orson  Higley  was  but  two  years 
old  his  parents  came  to  Ohio,  where  the 
meager  education  which  was  granted  him 
was  obtained.  He  remained  at  home 
helping  his  father  until  185  i,  and  on  June 
15,  of  that  year,  was  united  in  marriage 
with  Miss  Permelia  A.  Twiss,  who  was 
born  December  21,  1831,  in  Wayne 
county,  N.  Y.,  and  they  had  one  child, 
a  daughter,  Lydia  L. ,  born  June  24,  i860. 
Mrs.  Higley's  parents,  Clark  and  Polly 
(Tyler)  Twiss,  came  to  Huron  county, 
Ohio,  in  1844.  After  a  few  years  they 
went  to  Riley  township,  from  there  com- 
ing  to  Townsend  township,  where  Mrs. 

Twiss  died.  Mr.  Twiss  died  in  Michigan 
while  visiting  his  daughter  Lovina,  wife  of 
Sullivan  Davenport;  she  died  March  16, 
1883.  Shortly  after  his  marriage  Mr. 
Higley  bought  forty  acres  of  land  from 
his  father,  and,  when  his  brother  went  to 
the  army,  purchased  the  remainder  of  the 
farm.  He  cared  for  his  father  nineteen 
years  prior  to  his  death.  Mr.  Higley  has 
had  the  privilege  of  seeing  the  virgin  for- 
est give  way  to  well-tilled  fields  and  pretty 
meadows,  which  are  monuments  to  the 
industry  and  energy  of  the  pioneers.  In 
politics  Mr.  Higley  has  been  a  Republican 
since  the  organization  of  the  party. 

Lydia  L.  Higley,  who  was  an  only 
child,  was  married  December  25,  1878, 
to  Jerome  Bixby,  of  Castalia,  Erie  Co., 
Ohio,  and  they  have  had  one  child.  Pearl 
J.,  born  March  25,  1885.  Mr.  Bixby 
was  formerly  a  general  merchant  at  Cas- 
talia, but  is  now  an  insurance  agent.  For 
nine  years  Mr.  Higley  was  interested  with 
Mr.  Bixby  in  the  store;  but  city  life  was 
not  congenial  to  a  man  of  Mr.  Higley's 
temperament,  and  he  returned  to  the 

SAMUEL  F.  JONES,  a  prosperous 
and    inliuential    farmer  of    Green 
Creek  township,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born  in  Wayne  county,  Ohio, 
October    9,     1825,    son  of  Nicholas  and 
Elizabeth  (Pierce)  Jones. 

Nicholas  Jones  was  a  native  of  West 
Liberty,  Penn.,  and  his  father,  Samuel 
Jones,  was  born  in  Edinburgh,  Scotland. 
Nicholas  was  reared  in  Pennsylvania,  and 
when  a  young  man  migrated  to  Wayne 
county,  Ohio,  where  he  married  Elizabeth 
Pierce  (a  first  cousin  to  President  Pierce), 
and  lived  for  some  years.  About  1835  he 
moved  to  Thompson  township,  Seneca 
county,  and  had  his  home  there  for  many 
years.  He  died  near  South  Bend,  Ind., 
about  1868,  at  the  age  of  seventy-five 
years,  and  was  buried  there;  his  wife 
lived    to    the    age    of    eighty-two    years. 



Nicholas  Jones  was  a  man  of  about 
niccliuni  weight — 135  pounds.  In  relgi- 
ious  belief  he  was  a  Universalist,  and  in 
politics  a  Whig  and  a  Republican.  His 
ten  children  were  as  follows:  Erneline, 
who  married  Joseph  Highland,  and  died 
in  Indiana,  aged  fifty  years;  Uriah,  who 
died  near  South  Hend,  I nd.,  aged  seventy- 
one  years;  John,  who  now  lives  near 
South  Bend,  Ind. ;  Elizabeth,  who  died 
aged  thirty-two  years,  wife  of  David  Clay; 
Samuel  F.,  subject  of  this  sketch;  Lu- 
cretia,  widow  of  Sylvanus  Wright,  of 
Fremont;  Johanna,  wife  of  C.  Rector,  of 
Norwalk;  Mary,  wife  of  James  Shoup,  of 
Clyde;  Margaret,  wife  of  Daniel  White- 
man,  living  in  Indiana;  Silas,  a  resident 
of  Illinois. 

At  about  the  age  of  sixteen  years 
Samuel  F.  Jones  left  the  home  farm  in 
Seneca  county  and  came  to  Sandusky, 
where  for  ten  years  he  engaged  in  farm- 
ing. He  then  began  railroading  at  San- 
dusky City,  and  for  ten  years  ran  an  ex- 
press train  engine  on  the  Baltimore  & 
Ohio  road  (then  the  old  Sandusky,  Mans- 
field &  Newark  railroad).  From  the  loco- 
motive Mr.  Jones  stepped  down  to  the 
farm  in  Green  Creek  township,  which  he 
has  ever  since  operated.  On  October  30, 
1S34,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Ellen  M. 
Almond,  who  was  born  in  New  Jersey 
.August  3,  1832,  daughter  of  Thomas  and 
Mary  (Lachlison)  Almond.  To  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Jones  four  children  have  come,  as 
follows:  Alice,  born  in  May,  i860,  wife 
of  W.  B.  Lay;  Lawrence,  senior  member 
of  the  Cutlery  Works  Co.,  who  married 
Miss  Jessie  Russell,  a  cousin  of  Gen.  Mc- 
Pherson.  and  has  three  children — Lamar, 
Margaret  and  Maurine;  Nellie,  at  home; 
and  Robert,  engaged  in  the  cutlery  busi- 
ness at  Clyde,  who  on  October  iS,  1894. 
wedded  Miss  lone  Smith,  and  has  one 
child — Dorothy.  Mr.  Jones  has  ninety- 
eight  and  one-half  acres  of  fertile,  well- 
improved  and  very  productive  land,  well 
tilled  and  laid  out  in  fine  fruits,  and  is 
engaged    in    general    farming    and    fruit- 

growing, raising  wheat,  oats,  potatoes, 
etc. ;  and  all  the  buildings  and  improve- 
ments that  now  are  upon  the  place  were 
put  there  by  his  own  hands.  In  politics 
Mr.  Jones  is  a  Republican,  and  while  not 
a  church  member  he  inclines  toward  the 
Universalist  belief;  Mrs.  Jones  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Episcopal  Church.  He  has  by 
his  g(jod  judgment  and  business  ability, 
aided  by  natural  industry,  accumulated  a 
comfortable  competence,  and  is  one  of 
the  most  prosperous  citizens  of  his  town- 

SAMUEL  SPROUT  is  numbered 
among  the  native  sons  of  Sandusky 
county,  and  has  not  only  witnessed 
the  growth  and  development  of 
this  region,  but  has  also  borne  an  active 
part  in  the  work  of  progress  and  upbuild- 
ing, and  well  deserves  mention  among  the 
honored  pioneers. 

Mr.  Sprout  was  born  in  Scott  town- 
ship, October  1,  1840,  on  the  farm 
which  he  now  owns,  and  which  has  al- 
ways been  his  place  of  residence.  His 
parents,  Samuel  and  Nancy  (Long) 
Sprout,  cast  in  their  lot  among  the  early 
settlers  of  Sandusky  county  when  it  was 
largely  an  unbroken  wilderness.  The 
father  was  born  in  Pennsylvania,  June 
15,  1807,  removed  to  Guernsey  county, 
Ohio,  in  1S25,  and  ten  years  later  came 
to  Sandusky  county,  where  from  the  gov- 
ernment he  entered  a  claim  that  has 
never  passed  from  the  possession  of  the 
family.  His  wife  was  born  April  27, 
1S12,  and  died  January  10,  1887,  her 
husband  surviving  until  April  21,  1890. 
Ten  children  graced  their  union:  Mrs. 
Margaret  Doll,  John,  Sarah  Elizabeth, 
Samuel,  Michael  (born  September  27, 
1842;,  Marion,  Casaline,  James  (de- 
ceased), Mrs.  Mary  Jane  Hayes,  and  Mrs. 
Nancy  Hippie  The  paternal  grandfather 
of  our  subject  was  born  in  Ireland  about 
1766.  and  died  in  Seneca  county,  Ohio, 
about  1 856,surviving  his  wife  several  years. 



In  her  maidenhood  she  was  Mary  Hilter- 
brand,  and  was  a  native  of  Germany. 
The  maternal  grandfather,  Daniel  Long, 
was  born  in  Sweden,  and  married  Miss 
Brill,  a  native  of  Germany.  In  the  war 
of  1812  he  served  as  a  soldier,  and  he 
was  numbered  among  the  pioneers  of 

In  a  manner  not  unlike  that  of  other 
farmer  boys,  our  subject  spent  his  \'outh 
and  bore  his  part  in  the  development  of 
the  old  home  farm,  working  hard  through 
summer  months,  while  the  winter  afforded 
him  an  opportunity  for  education  in  the 
district  schools,  which  he  eagerly  utihzed. 
Thus  he  was  employed  until  August, 
1862,  when,  at  the  age  of  twenty-two 
years,  he  joined  his  country's  troops  in 
defense  of  the  Union,  and  was  a  member 
of  Company  K,  One  Hundred  and  First  O. 
V.  I.  until  the  close  of  the  war.  He 
participated  in  a  number  of  hotly-con- 
tested engagements,  and  at  the  battle  of 
Stone  River  his  clothing  was  pierced  by 
no  less  than  nine  bullets,  and  his  canteen 
completely  shattered.  He  also  partici- 
pated in  the  battles  of  Perryville,  Liberty 
Gap  and  those  of  the  Atlanta  campaign, 
and  followed  Hood  from  Columbus  to 
Franklin.  He  was  also  in  the  two-days' 
battle  at  Nashville,  which  resulted  in  vic- 
tory for  the  Union  soldiers,  and  altogether 
was  a  very  faithful,  loyal  citizen,  one  who 
gallantly  followed  the  old  flag  until  it  was 
planted  in  the  capital  of  the  Southern 
Confederacy.  At  the  close  of  the  war 
Mr.  Sprout  returned  to  the  farm  where  he 
now  lives,  and  began  operating  120  acres, 
which  he  purchased  in  1883.  His  landed 
possessions  now  aggregate  170  acres,  and 
all  that  he  has  has  been  acquired  entirely 
through  his  own  efforts.  He  certainly 
deserves  great  credit  for  his  success  in 
life,  and  his  example  should  serve  as  a 
source  of  encouragement  to  others. 

On  February  13,  1889,  Mr.  Sprout 
married  Miriam  Kuhn,  of  Fremont,  Ohio, 
who  was  born  in  Allen  county,  Ohio, 
March  11,  1854.      Her  parents,  John  and 

Mary  (Miller)  Kuhn,  were  pioneers  of 
Sandusky  county,  as  was  also  her  grand- 
father, Adam  Kuhn,  who  was  born  about 
1800,  and  died  at  the  advanced  age  of 
eighty-two.  Of  his  family  of  nine  chil- 
dren, six  are  yet  living.  The  maternal 
grandmother,  Maria  Myers,  was  born 
about  1796,  and  departed  this  life  in  1866, 
having  for  many  years  survived  her  hus- 
band. The  parents  of  Mrs.  Sprout  were 
both  born  in  1823,  and  are  still  living. 
Their  family  circle  numbered  ten  children: 
Maria,  wife  of  John  Myers,  of  Wood 
county,  Ohio;  Harriet,  who  became  the 
wife  of  George  Gephart,  and  died  about 
1882;  Charlotte,  at  home;  Mrs.  Sprout; 
Paul  Luther  and  Isaac  N. ,  who  are  resi- 
dents of  Wood  county;  Philip  M. ;  John 
}V. ;  Charles  M. ;  and  Theodore  Allen. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Sprout  are  highly- 
esteemed  people  of  Scott  township,  and 
their  pleasant  home  is  noted  for  its  hospi- 
tality and  good  cheer.  The  farm  is  well 
developed,  the  fields  being  under  a  high 
state  of  cultivation,  and  the  improve- 
ments in  keeping  with  the  accessories  of 
a  model  farm  of  the  nineteenth  century. 

NB.  MASON,  who  has  been  act- 
ively identified  with  both  the  busi- 
ness and  agricultural  interests  of 
Sandusky  county,  is  a  native  of 
New  York  State,  born  in  Canandaigua 
April  9,  1839. 

Our  subject's  parents,  John  B.  and 
Laura  (Shaw)  Mason,  were  natives  of 
Massachusetts  and  Canandaigua,  N.  Y. , 
respectively.  In  1856  they  came  to  San- 
dusky county,  Ohio,  but  after  a  residence 
of  two  years  here  migrated  still  farther 
west,  to  Wisconsin,  where  they  made  a 
permanent  home.  The  father  died  there 
in  July,  1888;  the  mother,  while  on  a 
visit  to  her  son  in  Clyde,  in  1885,  was 
suddenly  taken  ill  and  died.  This  worthy 
couple  lived  to  celebrate  their  golden  wed- 
ding.    Theirfamily  were  as  follows;  Van- 



Rensselaer,  who  was  lost  when  only  eight- 
een years  of  ape  while  on  a  whaling  voy- 
age to  the  South  Pacific  Ocean;  Joseph, 
who  died  in  1885  from  disease  contracted 
while  in  the  service  of  his  country  (he 
was  in  the  Thirtieth  Wisconsin  In- 
fantry); lili/a,  wife  of  Martin  Booth,  of 
Plainfield,  Wis.  (he  served  in  the  Six- 
teenth Wisconsin  Infantry);  N.  B.,  our 
subject;  John  Colby,  who  resides  at  Fre- 
inf)nt,  Ohio  (he  was  in  the  liighth  O.  \'. 
I.);  Mary,  who  wedded  Bemis  Culbert- 
son,  who  was  a  soldier  in  the  Thirty-sec- 
ond Wisconsin  Infantry,  and  who  died 
shortly  after  the  war  from  disease  con- 
tracted while  in  the  service,  and  Brooks  H. 
Mason  (they  now  reside  at  Lake  Mills, 
Wis);  and  Fred  E.,  who  died  at  Ashland, 
Wis.,  when  a  young  man.  The  father  of 
this  family  was  a  soldier  in  the  Mexican 
war.  He  was  first  a  Methodist  clergy- 
man, later  becoming  a  minister  of  the 
Baptist  Church. 

The  school  privileges  enjoyed  by  N. 
B.  Mason  were  those  of  the  common 
schools,  and  he  also  attended  Madison 
Academy  for  one  and  a  half  years.  At  the 
age  of  fourteen  he  engaged  to  carry  the 
mails  and  passengers  on  the  old  stage 
coach  between  Ontario  and  Rochester, 
sometimes  driving  four  horses,  and  some- 
times three  abreast,  conveying  mail,  ex- 
press and  passengers.  In  1856,  at  the  age 
of  seventeen  years,  he  came  west  "with  his 
parents  to  Sandusky  county,  locating  near 
Clyde.  On  February  22,  1859,  he  was 
united  in  marriage  with  Elizabeth  L. 
Carlton,  daughter  of  Rev.  Thomas  J. 
Carlton,  and  to  this  union  came  children 
as  follows:  Nellie,  wife  of  R.  G.  Tyler, 
of  Greene,  Iowa,  who  has  one  son  and 
one  daughter — Carl  and  N'ira;  Elizabeth, 
who  died  when  six  years  of  age;  Nate  H., 
a  postal  clerk  between  Cleveland  and 
Chicago  on  the  I^ake  Shore  railroad  (he 
wedded  .\llie  While,  and  they  have  two 
sons — Hi>ward  and  James);  George  A., 
who  wedded  Annie  \\hitc,  and  has  one 
daughter — Nellie;  Maude,  wife  of  O.  C. 

Perrin,    of   Greene,    Iowa;  and  May,   at 

On  October  12,  1861,  Mr  Mason  en- 
listed in  Company  A,  Seventy-second  O. 
V.  I.,  and  served  until  July  21,  1865, 
participating  in  all  engagements  in  which 
his  command  took  part  until  the  time  of 
his  capture  by  the  enemy,  June  1 1,  1864; 
he  was  taken  near  Davis  Mills,  Miss.,  and 
conveyed  to  Andersonville,  where  he  was 
kept  until  the  following  September,  when 
he  was  transferred  to  Florence,  S.  C, 
and  paroled  at  Wilmington,  N.  C,  March 
I,  1865.  During  his  service  he  was  cap- 
tured three  times,  escaping  twice,  and  he 
was  in  every  southern  State  but  Texas. 
After  the  war  he  returned  to  Clyde.  Since 
residing  here  he  has  followed  various  pur- 
suits, having  been  engaged  in  merchan- 
dising, publishing  and  farming.  Mr. 
Mason  is  a  member  of  the  U.  V.  U.  and 
G.  A.  R. ,  was  first  post  commander  of 
McPherson  Post,  G.  A.  R.,  in  1867,  and 
was  first  captain  of  McPherson  Guards, 
organized  August  15,  1878.  On  March 
17.  '873,  he  organized  the  first  hook  and 
ladder  company,  of  which  he  was  made 
foreman.  Socially  he  has  been  an  active 
Odd  Fellow  for  twenty-seven  years,  pass- 
ing all  the  Chairs  in  the  Subordinate 
Lodge  and  all  save  one  in  the  Encamp- 
ment. In  politics,  he  is  a  radical  Repub- 
lican; he  is  now  serving  as  justice  of  the 
peace,  and  also  as  trustee  of  his  township. 

While  a  prisoner  of  war  at  Florence, 
S.  C. ,  Mr.  Mason  was  chosen  by  his  com- 
rades chief  of  the  Federal  Police,  a  force 
of  270  men  organized  fimong  the  prisoners 
to  keep  good  order  in  the  prison,  the  ap- 
pointment being  confirmed  by  Col.  Iver- 
son,  the  prison  commandant.  He  de- 
clares the  sufferings  of  the  prisoners  there 
were  even  greater  than  at  .Andersonville. 
Most  of  them  had  been  prisoners  for 
many  months,  and  were  very  destitute  of 
clothing,  many  being  almost  naked  and 
barefooted.  .\bout  fourteen  thousand 
persons  were  taken  to  Florence;  about 
three  thousand  were   paroled  in  October 



and  November;  the  balance  (except  those 
who  died)  remained  until  the  first  of 
March,  1865.  Their  only  shelter  was 
holes  dug  in  the  ground,  some  of  them 
roofed  over  with  limbs  and  pine  boughs 
covered  with  earth.  Their  food  was  one 
pint  of  corn-meal  per  day,  and  for  ninety- 
three  days  no  other  was  issued  except  two 
rations  of  salt,  a  table-spoonful  to  five 
men;  two  rations  of  sorghum  molasses, 
one  barrel  to  11,000  men;  two  rations  of 
rice,  one  pint  to  five  men.  Many  ate 
their  corn-meal  raw,  and  what  was  cooked 
was  mostly  mush  cooked  in  tin  cups  and 
tin  cans.  Mr.  Mason  says  the  most  of 
his  regiment  (the  Seventy-second  Ohio  In- 
fantry) were  from  Sandusky  county.  Of 
the  1,400  on  the  muster  rolls  about  380 
are  yet  living.  His  regiment  lost  heavily 
at  Shiloh  and  at  Vicksburg,  and  at  Gun 
Town,  or  Brice's  Cross  Roads,  the  regi- 
ment lost  eleven  officers  and  238  men. 
About  1 70  landed  in  Andersonville;  seven- 
ty-eight (or  over  45  per  cent)  died  while 
prisoners  of  war;  six  were  shot  after  being 
captured,  and  nine  perished  on  the  steam- 
er "Sultana,"  above  Memphis,  on  April 
27,  1865. 

Mr.  Mason  asks:  "  Do  the  people  of 
this  country  appreciate  the  sacrifice  made 
by  the  Union  prisoners  of  war  .-'  Do  they 
realize  that  34, 000  men  died  in  the  prison 
pens  of  the  South,  as  men  were  never 
called  upon  to  die  before .''"  Men  have 
died  for  home  and  countr)',  and  for  prin- 
ciple upon  the  scaffold,  the  wheel  and  the 
rack,  in  the  dungeon  and  upon  the  bat- 
tlefield; but  never  before  did  thousands 
of  men  refuse  liberty  with  a  dishonored 
name,  and  suffer  on  from  hunger  and  ex- 
posure until  they  died  gibbering  idiots. 
And  now  even  before  one  generation  has 
passed  these  same  men  are  almost  for- 
gotten! They  are  remembered  only  in 
the  homes  made  sad  and  desolate  by  their 
tragic  death!  Millions  upon  millions  of 
money  have  been  paid  for  ' '  Piles  of 
Granite"  and  "Heaps  of  Bronze"  to 
commemorate  the  heroism  of  a  few,  while 

the  graves  of  these  martyrs  are  marked  by 
gray  marble  tablets  that  cost  two  dollars 
and  forty  cents  each;  and  more — thous- 
ands of  these  same  markers  are  inscribed 
"  Unknown." 

HENRY    MOOK,    farmer    of    York 
township,    Sandusky  county,    was 
born    in    Union    county,     Penn., 
January    10,    1814,    son  of    John 
and  Rosina  (Sorrel)  Mook,  both  of  whom 
were  natives  of  Pennsjdvania.     His  grand- 
father was  from   Germany. 

John  Mook,  the  father  of  our  subject, 
died  in  the  State  of  New  York,  whither 
he  had  removed  from  Pennsylvania,  and 
he  subsequently  took  up  his  home  in 
Ohio.  After  living  some  years  with  his 
children  in  that  State,  he  was  taken  back 
to  New  York  State  at  the  request  of  his 
son  Samuel,  a  minister  of  the  Evangel- 
ical Association,  so  that  in  his  old  age  he 
might  be  cared  for  in  his  former  home, 
and  he  died  there  in  the  eighty-fifth  year 
of  his  age.  He  was  the  father  of  twenty- 
three  children,  and  our  subject  is  the 
youngest  by  the  first  wife,  and  the  four- 
teenth child.  The  children  of  John  Mook 
by  his  first  wife  were:  Jacob,  three  that 
died  in  infancy,  Samuel,  Polly,  Betsey, 
Anthony,  Conrad,  John,  Catharine,  Su- 
san, Daniel  and  Henry.  Of  this  family, 
Henry  Mook  is  at  this  writing  (1894)  the 
only  surviving  member.  After  the  death 
of  his  first  wife,  John  Mook  married  Polly 
Polkie,  by  whom  he  had  nine  children: 
Mary,  Benjamin,  Ambrose,  Elias,  Effie, 
Solomon,  Sampson,  Barbara,  and  one 
that  died  in  childhood. 

The  subject  of  our  sketch  went  with 
his  parents  to  the  State  of  New  York 
when  he  was  about  eleven  3ears  old,  and 
lived  with  them  at  various  places  until  the 
age  of  twenty-three.  He  then  came  to 
Ohio,  spent  one  winter  in  Thompson 
township,  Seneca  county,  and  the  next 
spring  located  in  York  township,  San- 
dusky county,  on  land  where  he  has  since 



resided.  Here  he  erected  a  log  house  and 
kept  bachelors  hall  for  several  jears  while 
enRaged  in  clearing  up  a  farm.  In  addi- 
tion to  agricultural  pursuits  Mr.  Mook 
spent  the  fall  of  eight  seasons  threshing 
grain  for  his  neighbors  with  an  old-fash- 
ioned eight-horse-power,  open-cylinder 
machine,  without  separator,  going  as  far 
south  as  Lodi,  in  Seneca  county.  He 
threshed  in  this  way  as  many  as  400  bush- 
els per  day.  He  has  been  an  active,  ener- 
getic, hardworking,  economical  farmer, 
and  has  accumulated  a  handsome  prop- 
erty for  his  children;  a  substantial  brick 
house  and  a  convenient  bank  barn  adorn 
his  farm.  In  religious  connection  he  and 
his  family  are  members  of  the  Evangelical 
Association.  He  contributed  liberally  for 
the  erection  of  a  church  building  not  far 
from  his  residence.  He  has  reached  the 
age  of  four  score  years  with  a  vigor  of  body 
and  mind  which  enables  him  to  see  and 
appreciate  the  wonderful  changes  going 
on  in  the  world  about  him,  and  especially 
the  great  improvements  in  the  method  of 

In  1837  Henry  Mook  married  Miss 
Catharine  Hoyer,  who  was  born  in  Penn- 
sylvania, June  26,  1 8 14,  and  died  in  York 
township,  August  17,  1890.  Their  chil- 
dren were:  Sarah,  born  October  4.  1S41; 
Christina,  born  August  7,  1844,  died  June 
23,  1866;  James  Milton,  born  July  20, 
1847,  and  Lovina,  born  April  30,  1852. 
Christina  Mook  married  Michael  Filsinger 
December  2  2.  1864,  and  they  have  one 
son.  John,  who  is  married  and  has  two 
children — Pearl  and  Morris;  after  the 
death  of  his  first  wife,  Christina,  Mr. 
Filsinger  married  her  sister  Sarah,  by 
whom  he  had  four  children — Emma.  \'cr- 
nie,  Martin  and  Charles.  Emma  married 
Daniel  Swartz,  and  they  have  one  child — 
Lulu.  James  M.  Mook  married,  in  1870. 
Miss  Mary  Gahn.  who  was  born  in  the 
Black  Swamp,  west  of  Fremont.  Ohio,  a 
daughter  of  Kev.  Conrad  Gahn.  and  was 
educated  in  the  Cincinnati  schools;  their 
children  are — Charles,   Granville,   Myrtle 

and  Lovina;  James  M.  Mook  is  at  present 
manager  of  his  father's  farm,  and  is  taking 
care  of  his  father  in  his  declining  years. 
He  is  a  Republican  in  politics,  a  member 
of  the  Evangelical  Association,  and  of  the 
l-'armers"  Alliance.  Lovina  Mook,  daugh- 
ter of  Henry  Mook,  married  Martin  Rich- 
ards, and  they  live  on  one  of  Mr.  Mook's 
farms,  east  of  the  homestead;  they  had 
one  child  that  died;  she  is  a  member  of 
the  Evangelical  Association. 

born  August  31,  1842,  in  Austria, 
Europe.  His  father,  Martin  Schnei- 
der, was  born  November  1 1 .  1 806, 
in  Austria,  and  married  Anna  Maria  Flatz. 
They  came  to  America  in  1859,  landing 
in  New  York,  where  they  remained  for  a 
short  time,  after  which  they  continued 
their  journey  to  Ohio,  locating  in  Jackson 
township.  Sandusky  county.  The  mother 
died  shortly  after  their  arrival.  In  that 
family  were  seven  children:  Frank,  who 
was  born  in  1831,  and  died  September  i, 
1887;  John  G. ,  born  in  1836,  and  mar- 
ried Mary  Reineck;  Regina,  born  in  1834, 
and  became  the  wife  of  Casper  Haltmeier; 
Martin,  born  in  1844,  and  now  living  in 
California;  Johanna  became  the  wife  of 
Ferdinand  Fischer,  by  whom  she  has  one 
son,  named  Frank,  born  in  1874;  Mary 
became  the  wife  of  Peter  Spieldenner, 
and  they  have  two  children:  Fredolina, 
now  the  wife  of  John  Reineck,  and  a  son 
named  Adolph. 

Leonhard  Schneider,  our  subject,  spent 
the  days  of  his  boyhood  and  youth  in  the 
land  of  his  birth,  was  reared  in  his  par- 
ents' home  and  obtained  his  education  in 
the  public  schools  of  the  neighborhood. 
When  the  family  sailed  for  America  he 
bade  adieu  to  friends  and  native  land,  and 
came  with  them  on  the  long  voyage  across 
the  Atlantic,  which  took  them  thirty  days. 
He  has  since  been  a  resident  of  Ohio,  and 
to-day  is  numbered  among  the  leading  and 
influential  farmers  of  Rice  township,  San- 



dusky  county.  Having  arrived  at  years 
of  maturity  he  chose,  as  a  companion  and 
helpmate  on  life's  journey,  Miss  Rosa  Bin- 
sack,  and  their  home  has  been  blessed 
by  the  presence  of  five  children:  Anna, 
the  eldest,  is  now  the  wife  of  Albert  Darr, 
a  resident  farmer  of  Rice  township,  San- 
dusky county,  and  they  have  three  chil- 
dren; the  other  members  of  the  family — 
Ida,  Rudolph,  Edward  and  Arnold — are 
still  under  the  parental  roof. 

In  1 86 1  the  father  of  our  subject  pur- 
chased seventy-three  acres  of  land  in  Rice 
township — the  place  upon  which  Leon- 
hard  now  resides — paying  for  the  same  at 
the  rate  of  seven  dollars  per  acre.  Eight 
years  later,  in  1879,  he  sold  the  place  to 
his  second  youngest  son,  Leonhard,  for 
$2,000.  It  is  a  good  property,  highly 
cultivated  and  improved,  and  the  neat 
and  thrifty  appearance  of  the  place  indi- 
cates the  careful  supervision  of  the  owner. 
In  1887  he  built  a  new  barn,  and  in  1892 
he  erected  the  new  house,  at  a  cost  of 
$3,000.  In  connection  with  general  farm- 
ing he  successfully  engaged  in  stock  deal- 
ing, raising  cattle,  horses  and  hogs.  He 
■  successfully  manages  his  business  inter- 
ests, and  his  energy  and  industry  have 
brought  to  him  a  comfortable  competence, 
which  numbers  him  among  the  representa- 
tive farmers  of  the  neighborhood.  In 
politics  he  is  a  Democrat,  and  in  religious 
belief  he  is  a  Catholic. 

GEORGE  W.  KING,    a  well-to-do 
farmer  of  Ballville  township,  San- 
dusky county,  was  born  in   Pick- 
away county,    Ohio,    March   20, 

His  father,  John  King,  was  born 
March  2,  1819,  in  Fairfield  county,  Ohio, 
and  married  Miss  Mary  Mowry.  Their 
children  were:  (i)  Catharine,  wife  of  Val- 
entine Moshier;  she  died  at  the  age  of 
twenty-one  years,  leaving  one  son,  John, 
living  in  Allen  county,  Ohio.  (2)  Mary 
is  the  wife  of  Valentine  Moshier,  a  farm- 

er, residing  in  Allen  county,  Ohio.  (3) 
Elizabeth  is  the  wife  of  David  Roberts, 
of  Scott  township;  she  died  at  the  age  of 
forty-four  years,  and  is  buried  in  Oak- 
wood  Cemetery.  (4)  Lydia  is  the  wife 
of  William  Reichelderfer,  by  whom  she 
had  four  children — Hattie,  George,  Frank 
and  Lettie — and  after  his  death  she  mar- 
ried, in  1890,  William  Slates,  a  farmer 
of  Tipton  county,  Ind.  (5)  George  W. 
is  our  subject.  (6)  Sarah,  born  in  1851, 
in  Pickaway  county,  is  the  wife  of  Jacob 
Mowery,  a  farmer  of  Michigan.  (7)  John, 
born  1854,  married  Miss  Carrie  Hunlock, 
and  has  one  son,  John  Clarence.  (8) 
Jacob,  born  November  20,  1856,  is  a 
farmer  in  Ballville  township,  married  to 
Miss  Fredie  Crites,  and  has  two  chil- 
dren— Omer  and  De  Witt.  (9)  Elmira, 
born  in  1859,  is  the  wife  of  John  Searfoss, 
a  farmer  of  Scott  township,  and  has  two 
children — Bessie  and  Stella.  (10)  Perry, 
a  farmer  of  Scott  township,  born  in  1861, 
married  Sadie  Hunlock,  and  has  four 
children — Pearl,  Iva,  Hazel  and  Carrie. 

Our  subject  started  out  in  life  for  him- 
self at  the  age  of  twenty-two  with  the 
health,  pluck  and  perseverance  which  en- 
sures success.  He  worked  three  years 
in  the  oil  fields  of  Warren  county, 
Penn.,  then  returned  and  worked  at  his 
trade  as  a  carpenter  until  December  9, 
1875,  when  he  married  Miss  Mary  J. 
Ludwig,  daughter  of  Jacob  and  Louisa 
(DeLong)  Ludwig,  farmers  of  Allen 
county,  Ohio.  He  next  farmed  in  Jack- 
son township  one  year,  then  five  years  in 
Allen  county,  and  on  his  return  to  San- 
dusky county,  bought  eighty  acres  of 
Jacob  Ludwig  for  $4,500.  On  January 
30,  1882,  he  moved  upon  the  farm  where 
he  now  lives,  remained  nine  years,  then 
located  near  Fremont,  where  he  remained 
three  years,  finally  moving  back  on  the 
farm  of  133  acres,  which  cost  him  $10,000. 
Here  he  follows  mixed  farming,  raising 
grain,  grass,  fruit  and  live  stock,  with 
good  success.  He  is  a  man  of  enterprise 
and   public  spirit,    and   has   held  various 



public  offices.  The  children  of  George 
W.  and  Mary  Kinp  are:  M.  Louisa,  born 
April  7.  iSSo;  Ada  M..  September  19, 
18S3:  Charles  L..  July  9.  188 5;  and  Mvan 
M. ,  September  n ,  1 889.  The  brothers 
and  sisters  of  Mrs.  King  are  Isaac,  John, 
Charles,  Obed  and  Jacob. 


j.  KEINBOLT,  a  farmer  and 
stockman  of  Jackson  township, 
Sandusky  county,  was  born  Oc- 
tober 15,  1828,  in  Seneca  coun- 
ty, Ohio.  His  father,  Michael  Kcinbolt, 
was  born  in  Germany,  whence  he  emi- 
grated to  .America,  where  he  married  Miss 
Louisa  Kechner.  whom  he  first  met  on 
the  steamer  which  brought  them  to  the 
New  World. 

He  worked  about  two  years  as  a  com- 
mon day  laborer,  then  five  years  for  an 
Indian  chief  near  Tiffin,  Ohio,  by  the 
name  of  Spicer.  During  these  years  he 
saved  enough  to  buy  forty  acres  of  gov- 
ernment land  at  $1.25  per  acre,  in  Seneca 
county,  Ohio.  One  year  later  he  bought 
eighty  acres  more  at  the  same  rate.  After 
a  life  of  toil  and  self  denial,  he  and  his 
wife  passed  away,  among  the  early  pio- 
neers, and  are  buried  in  the  cemetery  at 
Tiffin, Ohio.  Their  children  were:  Joseph, 
born  1838,  died  June  4,  1862;  George, 
who  married  Amelia  Haldrom,  and  had  a 
family  of  seven  children;  Catharine,  who 
died  at  the  age  of  thirty  years;  Charles, 
who  married  and  has  eight  children,  and 
lives  on  the  old  homestead;  Daniel,  who 
married  Catharine  Riser,  and  has  seven 
children;  and  Mary,  wife  of  Nicholas 
Workman  (both  are  deceased  and  are 
buried  at  Tiffin,  Ohio). 

On  leaving  home  our  subject  worked 
about  four  years  among  farmers  as  a  day 
laborer,  then  rented  a  farm  and  remained 
on  it  twenty-three  years.  He  then  bought 
tracts  at  different  times,  amounting  in  all 
to  336  acres,  valued  at  $100  per  acre.  He 
is  a  model  farmer,  and  keeps  pure  Jersey 
cattle  and   fine-bred   horses.      Mr.   Rein- 

bolt  is  a  Republican,  and  he  has  held  vari- 
ous offices  of  trust  in  his  township.  He 
is  a  consistent  member  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  Church.  On  October  16,  1862, 
he  married  Miss  Annie  Fanning,  born  in 
New  York  City,  and  they  have  three  chil- 
dren: James  F.,  born  July  30,  1864, 
and  married  to  Libbie  Chariot,  their 
children  being:  Michael  J.,  Julia,  and 
Irene;  James  A.,  who  married  Rosine 
Bower,  and  their  children  are:  Carl  M., 
Annie  and  Pauline;  and  Mary  E.,  born 
September  11,  1872,  was  the  wife  of 
Peter  Nape. 

JOHN    G.\BEL,    a   successful   farmer 
and  substantial  citizen  of  Rice  town- 
ship,   Sandusky   county,    was   born 
May  28,  1853,  and  is  a  son  of  John 
M.    and    Mary  (Wyce)  Gabel,   who  were 
born   in  Germany  in    1812   and  in    1822, 

John  M.  Gabel,  father  of  the  subject 
of  this  sketch,  before  his  marriage  worked 
for  his  father,  Jacob  Gabel,  on  the  farm 
in  Germanj',  and  at  the  age  of  eighteen 
came  with  him  to  this  country,  settling  in 
Buffalo,  N.  Y.  He  lived  there  about  four 
years,  then  moved  to  Jackson  township, 
Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  where  he  bought 
forty  acres  of  land;  later  purchased  190 
acres  more,  and  there  lived  until  about 
1873.  He  then  moved  to  F"remont,  San- 
dusky county,  and  resided  there  with  his 
daughter  until  his  death.  He  worked 
hard  for  all  his  money.  When  he  first 
came  to  this  country  he  was  a  good  Dem- 
ocrat and  a  Catholic.  John  M.  Gabel 
died  in  1874,  his  wife  preceding  him  to 
the  grave  in  1870.  They  were  the  par- 
ents of  seven  children,  six  of  whom  were 
as  follows:  (i)  Jacob  died  at  the  age  of 
six;  (2)  Katie  at  the  age  of  five,  and  (3) 
Laney  at  the  age  of  one  year;  (4)  Magda- 
lena  married  Henry  Hodcs,  who  died  in 
1887  (they  lived  in  Fremont,  and  had 
three  children — Celia,  Henry  and  Joseph); 
(5)  John  M.  married  Mary  Richards,  who 



died  in  1880,  after  which  he  married  Anna 
Miller,  and  they  live  in  Fremont;  (6) 
Elizabeth  married  Mr.  Dolnick,  by  whom 
she  had  ten  children — Michael,  born 
April  28,  1870;  Mary,  born  in  1871; 
Rosie;  Elizabeth,  who  died  at  the  age  of 
three  years;  Allie,  Celia,  Edith,  Urbin, 
Clara  and  Teresa;  (7)  John  Gabel  was 
united  in  marriage  on  June  29,  1873,  in 
Jackson  township,  Sandusky  county,  with 
Celia  Dorr  (who  was  born  January  6, 
1855),  and  lived  there  until  1880,  when 
he  sold  out  and  moved  to  Rice  township, 
in  the  same  county,  and  bought  fifty- 
three  acres,  paying  one  hundred  dollars 
an  acre  for  it.  Their  children  were  as 
follows:  Edward,  born  August  10,  1876, 
and  died  January  9,  1879;  Ida  M.  was 
born  November  13,  1877;  Allie  C,  March 
4,  1879;  Sylvester  P.,  June  5,  1880; 
Horbert  M.,  June  19.  1881;  Charles  D., 
October  9,  1883;  Julie  L.,  May  20,  1884; 
Urbin,  March  31,  1887;  Cornelia  C, 
born  June  22,  1890,  and  died  September 
28,  1893;  and  Corlette  G.,  born  Novem- 
ber 6,  1894.  In  1874.  when  John  Ga- 
bel's  father  died,  he  left  him  eighty  acres 
of  land  in  Jackson  township,  Sandusky 
county.  Mr.  Gabel  is  engaged  in  general 
farming.  He  is  much  respected,  is  well 
and  favorably  known  in  the  community 
in  which  he  lives,  has  been  constable  of 
Rice  township  for  five  years,  school  di- 
rector four  years  and  supervisor  seven 

JACOB  G.  METZGER,  one  of  the 
intelligent,  liberal-minded  farmers 
of  Green  Creek  township,  Sandusky 
county,  enjoys  the  possession  of  a 
competency,  and  he  believes  the  state- 
ment made  by  Gen.  Washington,  that 
agriculture  is  the  noblest  vocation  cf  man. 
He  lives  in  ease  and  comfort  upon  his 
well-tilled  and  well-cared-for  farm  of  127 
acres,  made  profitable  by  his  good  busi- 
ness ability  and  his  inherited  aptitude  for 
a  farming  life. 

Mr.  Metzger  was  born  in  Adams  town- 
ship, Seneca  county,  November  2,  1842, 
son  of  Samuel  and  Rebecca  (Heltzel) 
Metzger.  The  great-great-grandfather  of 
Mr.  Metzger,  who  was  a  Revolutionary 
soldier  under  Gen.  Washington,  was  the 
son  of  Archibald  Metzger,  twin  brother 
of  Gen.  Theodore  Metzger,  an  able  of- 
ficer in  the  German  army.  The  Rev- 
olutionary soldier  was  lost  in  the  woods 
of  Pennsylvania  and  probably  starved  to 
death.  His  remains  were  afterward  found 
and  identified  by  means  of  gun  and  cloth- 
ing. He  had  emigrated  from  Germany 
to  America  in  Colonial  times,  and  his  son, 
the  great-grandfather  of  Jacob,  was  the 
only  child  aboard  the  ship  that  escaped 
the  fatal  ravages  of  smallpox.  The  son 
of  this  fortunate  child,  Jacob  Metzger  by 
name,  grandfather  of  the  subject  of  this 
sketch,  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  and  ac- 
quired the  trade  of  a  shoemaker.  He  was 
a  member  of  the  United  Brethren  Church, 
and  in  the  autumn  of  181  3  migrated  with 
his  family  from  Union  county,  Penn.,  to 
Pickaway  county,  Ohio,  settling  on  a  farm 
near  Circleville. 

Samuel  Metzger,  his  son,  was  born  in 
Union  county,  Penn.,  in  April,  181  3,  and 
was  but  si.x  months  old  when  he  came  to 
Pickaway  county,  Ohio.  He  grew  up  on 
the  farm,  and  before  he  was  of  age  he 
came  to  Adams  township,  Seneca  county, 
where  he  entered  a  farm  in  the  wilder- 
ness. Returning  to  Pickaway  county,  he 
married,  in  April,  1834,  on  his  twenty-first 
birthday,  Rebecca  Heltzel,  who  was  born 
in  Shenandoah  county,  Va.,  in  18 12,  the 
daughter  of  Henry  Heltzel,  an  old-time 
schoolteacher,  of  German  ancestry,  and 
an  early  pioneer  of  Pickaway  county, 
Ohio,  who  afterward  removed  to  Noble 
county,  Ind.,  where  he  was  elected  county 
recorder  and  served  as  such  for  many 
years.  After  marriage  Samuel  and  Re- 
becca Metzger  moved  to  the  new  pioneer 
home  in  Adams  township,  Seneca  county, 
where  he  proved  in  subsequent  years  to  be 
one  of   its  best    farmers,    and  where  he 



lived  until  1 88 1 .  Ho  then  moved  to  Green 
Creek  township,  Sandusky  county,  and 
lived  near  his  son  Jacob,  until  his  wife's 
death,  in  1S90.  He  died  April  11.  1893, 
at  the  home  of  his  son.  Samuel  Metzger 
at  the  time  of  his  death  owned  205  acres 
of  choice  land,  and  owed  not  a  dollar. 
He  wuscareful  in  his  business  transactions 
and  scrupulously  honest.  In  politics  he 
was  a  Democrat,  and  in  reliRious  faith  a 
prominent  member  of  the  United  Breth- 
ren Church.  He  was  an  ordained  ex- 
horter  in  the  Church,  possessed  a  remark- 
able memory,  and  had  almost  the  whole 
Bible  at  his  tonfjue's  end.  He  was  de- 
votedly attached  to  the  work  of  his 
Church,  and  was  perhaps  its  chief  sup- 
porter in  Adams  township. 

Five  children  were  born  to  Samuel 
and  Rebecca  Met/per,  as  follows:  (i)  H. 
H.,  born  in  1836,  a  farmer  of  Adams 
township,  Seneca  county,  who  married 
Rebecca  Urinkwater  and  had  five  chil- 
dren—  Alton  (who  died  aged  two  and  a 
half  years);  Ida  J.;  James;  Hulda  F. ,  and 
Olive.  (2)  John  C  of  Adams  township, 
Seneca  county,  who  first  married  Sarah 
A.  Miller,  by  whom  he  had  three  children, 
now  living — .Mvvilda  E.,  Gertrude  and 
Samuel  H. ;  after  his  first  wife's  death  he 
wedded  Mrs.  L.  Berrj',  by  whom  he  has 
one  child — Julia  C.  (3)  Sarah  .\. ,  mar- 
ried to  C.  W.  King,  of  Noble  county, 
Ind.,  and  d'ed  leaving  two  children — 
Maud  M.  and  MiKlrcd  (j..  who  now  make 
their  home  with  Jacob  Metzger,  our  sub- 
ject. (4)  Jacob  is  the  subject  of  this 
sketch.  (5)  Lavina  married  Alfred  F"ront/, 
and  has  three  children — Rebecca,  Roy 
and  Dora  F. ;  she  lives  on  the  old  home 
farm  in  Adams  township,  Seneca  county. 

Jacob  Metzger  grew  to  manhood  on 
his  father's  farm  in  Seneca  county,  and  in 
1S64,  as  a  member  of  Company  B,  he 
served  in  the  Washington  campaign  of  the 
One  Hundred  and  Sixty-fourth  O.  \ .  I. 
When  mustered  out  in  the  fall  of  1864  he 
joined  a  construction  corps,  which  oper- 
ated   through   Kentucky,  Tennessee,  Ala- 

bama, Georgia  and  \\'est  Virginia.  Six 
months  later  he  returned  home  and  was 
married,  April  27,  1865,  to  Sarah  Jane 
Shellhammer,  who  was  born  in  Adams 
township,  Seneca  county,  January  30, 
1845.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Metzger  have  one 
child,  Alva  E.,  a  well-educated  and  suc- 
cessful veterinary  surgeon  at  Clyde.  In 
politics  Jacob  Metzger  is  a  Democrat.  In 
manners  he  is  genial  and  affable.  He  is 
remarkably  well  versed  in  public  matters, 
and,  while  engaged  in  general  farming,  he 
takes  a  deep  interest  in  all  the  affairs  and 
conilitions  of  mankind.  No  man  stands 
higher  in  the  esteem  of  his  fellow  men. 

cessful farmer,  and  one  of  the 
prominent  citizens  of  Riley 
township,  Sandusky  county,  was 
born  May  28,  iS^i.  He  is  a  son  of  Syl- 
vester and  Sarah  (Lowrie)  Woodford, 
both  born  in  America,  the  former  on  Jan- 
uary I,  t786,  the  latter  on  January  17, 

They  had  a  family  of  nine  children,  as 
follows:  Zerah,  born  April  6,  181 2,  mar- 
ried Sarah  Karshner;  they  were  engaged 
in  farming  in  Riley  township,  and  had  a 
family  of  five  children;  Zerah  died  June 
27.  1872;  Aurilla,  born  December  28. 
1814,  married  Elijah  Higbee,  a  farmer  in 
Riley  township,  and  they  had  one  child; 
the  wife  and  mother  died  January  30,  1886; 
Lois,  born  April  24,  181 7,  became  the 
wife  of  William  Laird,  and  they  had  three 
children;  the  wife  and  mother  died  Jan- 
uary 30,  1846;  Sylvester,  born  June  16, 
1819,  died  October  28,  1836,  at  Shippens- 
burg,  Penn. ;  Martin,  born  August  24, 
1821,  married  Mary  Homer,  who  lives  in 
Kansas,  and  he  died  February  5,  1884; 
Lorinda,  born  September  23,  1823,  died 
in  1839;  Luther,  born  December  27, 
1825,  lives  in  Kansas;  William  is  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch,  and  Sidney,  born  July 
20,  1S33,  died  January  2  1,  1839.  Syl- 
vester   Woodford    (Sr. )    came    to    Ohio, 



settled  in  Trumbull  county,  and  bought 
eighty  acres  of  land,  on  which  he  lived 
until  1834,  when  he  moved  to  Riley  town- 
ship and  here  bought  160  acres  of  land, 
upon  which  he  lived  until  his  death, 
which  occurred  September  2,  1834,  about 
three  months  after  they  had  settled  at 
their  new  home,  and  his  wife,  Sarah, 
passed  away  four  days  before  him,  viz. : 
August  29,  1834.  He  voted  the  Old-time 
Whig  ticket,  and  was  a  member  of  the 
Presbyterian  Church. 

After  the  death  of  his  parents,  William 
Woodford,  being  only  a  little  more  than 
three  years  old,  was  taken  to  Vienna 
township,  Trumbull  Co.,  Ohio,  and  was 
placed  in  the  family  of  a  relative,  where 
he  was  reared  and  educated,  working  a 
part  of  each  year  on  a  farm  to  the  age  of 
eighteen,  when  he  commenced  teaching 
school.  He  followed  this  vocation  one 
year  in  Ohio,  taught  one  year  more  in 
Mercer  county,  Penn.,  then  went  to  Ken- 
tucky, where  he  continued  teaching  school 
for  eleven  years.  He  is  now  engaged  in 
general  farming.  In  1861  he  came  to 
Riley  township,  where  he  married  Rachel 
Gibbs,  who  was  born  October  15,  1832, 
and  they  have  a  family  of  five  children, 
namely:  William  C,  born  April  28,  1862, 
and  died  August  27,  1862;  Clara  J.,  born 
September  13,  1863;  Alva,  born  Septem- 
ber 9,  1866;  Ada,  born  May  16,  1869; 
and  Louis,  born  March  8,  1854,  and  mar- 
ried to  Dora  Lindsay,  who  died  February 
12,   1888. 

Isaac  Woodford,  grandfather  of  Will- 
iam Woodford,  marriec^  Sarah  Fuller,  of 
Burlington,  and  they  had  ten  children — 
seven  sons  and  three  daughters,  namely: 
Isaac,  married  Statira  Cowles,  by  whom 
he  had  twelve  children,  ten  of  whom — 
four  sons  and  six  daughters — lived  to 
marry,  and  two  died  in  childhood;  Darius 
married  Bethiah  Bass,  and  they  had  six 
children;  Asaph  married  Alma  Potter,  and 
they  had  fourteen  children;  Sylvester, 
father  of  our  subject,  comes  next; 
Romanty  married  Betsy  Hart,  and  they 

had  twelve  children;  Sidney  married 
Betsy  Wheeler  (no  children);  Zerah  mar- 
ried Minerva  Potter,  and  they  had  six 
children;  Huldah  married  Nathaniel 
Clarke,  and  they  had  eight  children;  Cyn- 
thia married  Theodore  Humphreys,  and 
was  left  a  widow  with  five  or  six  children 
(she  afterward  married  Ely  Alderman); 
Sarah  married  Chauncey  Wheeler,  and 
they  had  six  children — two  sons  and  four 
daughters.  Of  this  large  family  of  chil- 
dren, all,  save  one,  were  professing  Chris- 

Our  subject  votes  the  Democrat  ticket, 
and  has  been  honored  with  public  office, 
having  been  justice  of  the  peace  for 
twelve  years,  township  clerk  for  six  years, 
and  school  director  and  supervisor. 

RICHARD  E.  BETTS,  a  substantial 
farmer  of  Green  Creek  township, 
Sandusky  county,  is  more  than  a 
tiller  of  the  soil  or  the  owner  of  a 
productive  and  finely  located  farm;  he  is 
a  student  of  the  world's  history,  and  by 
means  of  the  leading  newspapers  from  va- 
rious cities  he  is  thoroughly  informed  upon 
the  varying  phases  of  current  national  af- 
fairs. He  is  distinctively  a  man  of  ideas. 
He  wants  first  the  facts  of  history.-  His 
clear  and  well-trained  intellect  can  then 
make  proper  deduction  from  these  facts, 
and  the  opinions  thus  formed  are  modern, 
considerably  in  advance  of  those  held  by 
the  average  citizen.  His  deep  convic- 
tions are  inherited,  and  have  received  an 
additional  impetus  from  associations. 
His  ancestors,  of  Quaker  faith,  came  from 
England  in  Cromwell's  time.  His  father- 
in-law,  "Uncle"  George  Donaldson,  was 
one  of  the  most  noted  Abolitionists  in 
northwestern  Ohio,  at  a  time  when  Abo- 
lition sentiment  was  a  reproach  and 
stigma,  often  a  menace  to  personal  safety. 
Mr.  Betts  was  born  in  Cayuga  county, 
N.  Y.,  December  30,  1829,  son  of  Zach- 
ariah  and  Mariah  (Mitchell)  Betts.    Zach- 







"« --— '^i"^^^ 








ariah  Betts  was  born  in  Bucks  county. 
Penn..  December  24,  1793.  In  Crom- 
well's time  three  brothers  named  Betts 
came  to  America,  settlinj,'  near  Philadel- 
phia. The  eldest,  who  had  an  entailed 
inheritance  in  lingland,  at  one  time  placed 
in  jeopardy,  returned  to  that  country  when 
political  turmoil  subsided.  The  younger 
two  remained  in  America  and  founded  a 
numerous  family  of  their  name,  Zachariah 
being  one  of  the  descendants.  His  wife, 
Mariah  Mitchell,  was  born  March  4,  1798. 
After  marriage  Zachariah  Betts  moved  to 
Aurora,  Cayuga  Co.,  N.  Y. ,  where  he 
farmed  for  many  years,  and  in  1834  he 
moved  to  Honey  Creek,  Seneca  Co., 
Ohio,  where  he  purchased  a  large  farm. 
Many  years  later  he  removed  to  La  Grange 
county,  Ind.,  where  he  died  February  3, 
1868,  his  wife  surviving  until  July  23, 
1874.  In  politics  he  was  a  Whig.  In 
early  life  he  held  allegiance  to  the  Quaker 
faith,  but  later  became  a  member  of  the 
Protestant  Methodist  Church.  In  physique 
he  was  a  man  of  powerful  frame.  The 
nine  children  of  Zachariah  and  Mariah 
Betts  were  as  follows:  Edward  L. ,  born 
December  18,  1.S21,  serveil  in  an  Indiana 
regiment  in  the  army  of  the  Potomac  dur- 
ing the  Civil  war.  and  died  in  La  Grange 
county,  Ind.,  March  2,  1894:  Howard 
M.,  born  August  25,  1823,  for  thirty 
years  a  druggist  at  La  Grange,  Ind. ; 
Louis  C. ,  born  October  i,  1825,  moved 
to  Iowa  in  1856,  and  died  at  Mt.  Pleasant, 
that  State,  November  19,  18O7;  Albert 
P.,  born  .August  27,  1827.  a  tanner  and  cur- 
rier at  Republic;  Richard  E. ,  subject  of  this 
sketch;  Elizabeth  A.,  wife  of  Van  Norris 
Taylor,  of  Wolcottville,  Ind. ;  Thomas 
C. ,  born  August  20,  1833,  an  e.\-soldier 
of  the  Civil  war,  ex-sheriff  of  La  Grange 
county,  Ind.,  now  living  at  La  Grange; 
Martha  M.,  born  April  30.  1836,  lives, 
unmarried,  at  La  Grange,  Ind.  ;  Emiline, 
born  January  14,  1838.  wife  of  Nelson 
Sclby.  of  La  Grange,  Indiana. 

Richard  E    Betts   was  five  years  old 
when  he  migrated  with  his  parents  from 


New  York  to  Seneca  county.  Ohio.  He 
was  reared  on  his  father's  farm,  and  Oc- 
tober 28,  1852,  he  married  Miss  Lavinia 
Donaldson,  who  was  born  in  Pickaway 
county, Ohio, in  1823,  daughter  of  "Uncle  " 
George  and  .\nn  (Patterson)  Donaldson, 
the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Center 
county,  Penn.,  July  7,  1793,  the  latter  on 
January  15,  1796.  He  learned  the  black- 
smith's trade,  and  lived  for  a  time  in 
Lycoming  county,  Penn. ;  then  migrated 
with  his  family  in  a  one-horse  wagon  to 
Pickaway  county,  Ohio,  arriving  with  a 
capital  of  five  dollars.  Seven  years  later 
he  moved  to  Tiflin,  and  in  1833  to  Green 
Creek  township,  Sandusky  county,  where 
he  followed  his  trade  and  farmed.  Him- 
self and  wife  were  Methodists,  and  in 
political  convictions  he  was  a  radical  Abo- 
litionist. He  was  connected  with  the 
"underground  railroad,"  and  once  sent 
his  team  with  five  runaway  negroes, 
concealed  beneath  straw  and  carpets,  to 
Sandusky  City,  whence  they  escaped  to 
Canada.  "Uncle"  George  Donaldson 
was  the  most  noted  character  of  his  time 
in  this  part  of  the  country.  On  account 
of  his  Abolitionism  an  attempt  was  made 
to  expel  him  from  the  M.  E.  Church.  He 
gave  James  G.  Birney,  Abolition  candi- 
date for  President  in  1840,  the  only  vote 
cast  for  him  in  Green  Creek  township, 
and  for  its  numerical  insignificance  the 
judges,  who  were  in  sentiment  stronganti- 
Abolitionists,  refused  to  count  it.  Mr. 
Donaldson  died  September  14,  1873,  his 
wife  November  30.  1863.  Their  nine  chil- 
dren were  as  follows:  James,  born  Febru- 
ary 13,  1820,  died  November  15.  1843; 
W'illian).  born  February  25,  1821,  died 
April  21,  1846;  Rol)ert,  born  November 
21,  1822,  died  December  30,  1846;  La- 
vinia, wife  of  Mr.  Betts;  Susannah,  born 
August  ri,  1827,  wife  of  W.  Dixon,  of 
Rome  City.  Ind.;  Saul,  born  December 
20,  1829,  residing  in  La  Grange  county, 
Ind.;  David,  born  April  10,  1831,  died 
December  13,  1881;  Elizabeth,  born  Au- 
gust   14,    1834,  died    October  11,    1858; 


Commemorative  biographical  record. 

Nanc}'  Ann,  born  June  29,  1839,  died 
January  7,   1850. 

After  his  marriage  Mr.  Betts  lived  for 
several  years  in  Seneca  county.  He  then 
came  to  Sandusky  county,  bought  a  farm, 
and  for  two  years  lived  with  his  father-in- 
law.  In  1856  he  purchased  his  present 
farm,  and  has  occupied  it  ever  since.  He 
owns  114  well-cultivated  acres,  and  en- 
gages in  general  farming.  Mr.  Betts  cast 
his  first  Presidential  vote  for  J.  P.  Hale, 
anti-slavery  candidate  for  1852,  and  in 
1 876  voted  for  Peter  Cooper  on  the  Green- 
back ticket.  He  has  been  a  prominent 
member  of  Monticello  Lodge  No.  244,  F. 
&  A.  M.,  for  many  years.  He  is  a  firm 
believer  in  Spiritualism,  as  was  also  his 
wife,  who  passed  from  earth  in  February, 
1895.  She  was  a  lady  of  high  mental  and 
moral  attainments.  In  political  affairs 
Mr.  Betts  thinks  the  election  of  million- 
aires to  Congress  and  the  various  State 
Legislatures  is  highly  detrimental  to  the 
best  interests  of  the  people. 

Mr.  Betts  has  a  number  of  relatives  on 
his  mother's  side  residing  near  Rochester, 
N.  Y. ,  among  them  an  aunt,  Sarah  Co.x 
(sister  to  his  mother),  who  is  now  at  the 
advanced  age  of  ninety  years,  with  her 
faculties  unimpaired.  Mr.  Betts'  weight 
at  the  present  time  is  260  pounds. 

GEORGE  A.  BURMAN,  of  Wood- 
ville,  Sandusky  county,  was  born 
January  17,  1844,  son  of  Ernest 
H.  and  Elizabeth  (Maenert)  Bur- 
man,  the  former  of  whom  was  born  De- 
cember 4,  181 1,  in  the  Kingdom  of  Han- 
over, Germany. 

Ernest  H.  Burnian  was  married  in  his 
native  countr\-,  came  to  America  in  1843, 
settling  in  \^'oodville  township,  Sandusky 
Co. ,  Ohio,  where  he  bought  eighty  acres 
of  land  on  which  he  made  improvements. 
He  died  September  9,  1891,  a  member  of 
the  Lutheran  Church.  Our  subject's  mo- 
ther was  born  in  181 5,  and  died  in  1875. 
Their  children  were  Carrie,  who  died  in 

Germany;  Carrie,  who  married  G.  Otten; 
George  A. ;  Henry,  who  died  when  seven 
years  old;  Louis,  a  blacksmith,  now  living 
in  Toledo;  Harman,  who  works  in  the 
car  shops  at  Toledo;  Fred,  who  died  in 
infancy;  and  Elizabeth,  who  married  K. 
Kuhlman,  of  Ottawa  county,  Ohio. 

Mrs.  George  A.  Burman  is  a  daughter 
of  H.  H.  and  Clara  (Fochthous)  Kuhlman, 
the  former  of  whom  was  born  in  Hanover, 
in  1 812,  and  died  September  4,  1887;  the 
mother  was  born  in  1 8 1 7,  and  is  still  living. 
They  had  six  children:  Henry  Kuhlman, 
living  at  Woodville;  Carrie,  who  married 
FredTaulker;  Eliza,  who  died  when  three 
years  old;  one  that  died  in  infancy;  Will- 
iam, who  is  living  on  the  old  homestead; 
and  the  wife  of  our  subject.  George  A. 
Burman  and  his  wife  were  both  born  in 
the  same  house  in  Woodville  township, 
she  on  July  2 T,  1851.  Her  parents  came 
to  America  the  year  before  his,  and  when 
his  parents  came  they  moved  into  the 
same  house,  and  our  subject  was  born 
while  they  were  living  there.  They  were 
both  reared  in  Woodville  township,  and 
attended  the  primitive  district  schools. 
They  were  married  November  16,  1871, 
and  the  children  born  to  them  were  Car- 
rie, born  March  10,  1873,  who  died  when 
one  year  old;  George,  born  May  27,  1875, 
who  is  now  a  grocer  of  Tiffin,  Ohio; 
Henry,  born  September  4,  1878,  now 
studying  for  the  ministry  of  the  Lutheran 
Church,  in  Capitol  University,  Columbus, 
Ohio;  Clara,  born  July  i,  1880,  died  Au- 
gust 19,  1882;  and  August,  born  October 
18,  1883. 

Our  subject  as  he  grew  to  manhood 
found  himself  possessed  of  strong  mechan- 
ical powers  and  of  natural  skill  as  a  work- 
man, and  so  without  serving  an  appren- 
ticeship he  became  a  good  carpenter  and  an 
all-around  wood  workman;  he  also  became 
an  engineer,  and  ran  a  stationary  engine 
in  the  mills  at  Woodville  for  seventeen 
years,  and  he  has  worked  in  the  Lake 
Shore  yard  in  Toledo.  He  has  never  de- 
voted his  time  to  farming,  but  some  years 



since  .purchased  the  old  homestead  in 
Woodville  township,  which  he  now  owns, 
and  which  contains  eight  good  oil  wells 
at  present.  Mr.  Burman  was  one  of  the 
first  men  in  this  section  to  invest  in  the 
developing  oil  business  here,  and  as  the 
result  of  his  investment  he  recently  sold 
out  his  interest  in  his  lease  wells  for  $r  5,- 
000.  As  a  result  of  his  ample  means 
from  this  source  he  is  now  in  good  finan- 
cial circumstances,  but  he  still  does  some 
work  himself  to  pass  the  time  away.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Lutheran  Church,  and 
in  politics  is  a  Democrat. 

SAMUEL  J.  YETTER,  junior 
member  of  the  livery  firm  of 
Harvey  &  Yetter,  and  one  of  the 
popular  and  reliable  business  men 
of  Clyde,  was  born  in  Townsend  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  February  6,  1866, 
a  son  of  Charles  and  Mary  (Speaker)  Yet- 
ter, both  of  German  descent. 

His  father  was  born  near  Harrisburg, 
Penn.,  in  1840,  and  at  the  age  of  fifteen 
years  came  with  his  parents  to  Ohio,  first 
locating  at  Chicago  Junction,  Huron 
county.  Later  he  came  to  Sandusky 
county  where  he  engaged  in  farming  in 
Townsend  township,  and  there  the  mother 
of  our  subject  died  at  the  age  of  thirty- 
two  years.  They  were  married  near  Cas- 
talia,  Ohio,  and  by  their  union  five  chil- 
dren were  born:  (i)  George,  drowned 
in  Lake  Erie,  off  Kelly's  Island,  at  the 
age  of  twenty-one  years.  He  was  cap- 
tain of  a  fishing  smack,  could  swim  well, 
but  was  struck  with  a  boom  while  turn- 
ing the  boat.  (2)  Henry  is  a  farmer  of 
Riley  township,  Sandusky  county.  (3) 
Samuel  J.  is  ne.xt  in  order  of  birth.  (4) 
Ella  is  the  wife  of  G.  W.  Reddock,  of 
Riley  township.  (5)  Nettie  is  the  wife  of 
Ward  Strohl,  a  hay  dealer  and  presser, 
of  Clyde.  After  the  death  of  his  first 
wife  Mr.  Yetter  wedded  Miss  Lois  Baker, 
and  they  have  three  children — Bert,  John- 

nie and  Mabel.  In  political  sentiment 
the  father  is  a  Republican. 

In  the  schools  of  Townsend  township, 
Sandusky  county,  the  early  education  of 
Samuel  J.  Yetter  was  received,  after 
which  he  entered  the  public  schools  of 
Clyde,  and  for  one  term  was  a  student  at 
the  Normal  in  Ada,  Ohio.  On  the  com- 
pletion of  his  education  he  taught  for  one 
term,  but  at  the  end  of  that  time  re- 
turned home,  where  for  a  year  he  worked 
on  the  farm.  He  then  entered  a  grocery 
store  in  Clyde,  where  he  clerked  some 
three  years,  and  for  the  same  length  of 
time  resided  in  Michigan.  He  then  re- 
turned to  Clyde,  where  for  one  year  he 
served  as  hotel  clerk,  and  in  1892  be- 
came interested  in  his  present  business, 
which  he  has  since  conducted  with  e.\- 
cellent  success.  The  firm  have  the  only 
first-class  livery  in  the  city,  and  they  re- 
ceive a  liberal  patronage. 

Though  young  in  years  Mr.  Yetter  is 
one  of  the  most  energetic  and  enterprising 
business  men  of  Clyde,  and  is  highly  es- 
teemed and  respected  by  all  who  know 
him.  He  has  a  wide  circle  of  friends  and 
acquaintances,  among  whom  he  is  famil- 
iarly known  by  the  name  of  "Sammie." 
Socially,  he  is  identified  with  the  Royal 
Arcanum,  while  his  political  affiliations 
are  with  the  Republican  party. 

PETER  J.  BEIER,  one  of  the  wor- 
thy citizens  that  the  Fatherland 
has  furnished  to  Ohio,  was  born  in 
Laembach,  Kurferstanthum  Hes- 
san,  Germany,  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Cath- 
erine (Geable)  Beier,  natives  of  the  same 
countr)-.  They  had  a  family  of  eight 
children,  as  follows:  (i)  Fronie,  the  eld- 
est, was  born  in  Germany,  in  1831,  and, 
is  the  wife  of  Michael  Siferd,  a  farmer 
now  living  in  Minnesota,  by  whom  she 
has  ten  children.  (2)  Agnes  is  the  wife 
of  Miran  Hoffman,  and  they  have  five 
children — Joseph,  Annie,  Frank,  Clara, 
and  Willie.      (3)  Maggie,   born   in   1833, 



died  and  was  buried  in  Germany  in  1871. 
(4)  John  Joseph  married  Catherine  Kirch- 
gar,  and  they  have  eight  children.  (5) 
Annie  is  the  wife  of  Conrad  Busolt,  a  resi- 
dent of  Fremont,  Ohio,  and  their  family 
numbers  eight  children.  (6)  Peter  J.  is 
the  next  younger.  (7)  Budenz  married 
Nicholas  Goodbellat,  and  resides  in  Ger- 
many; they  have  three  children.  (8) 
Westena  is  the  wife  of  Albert  Konney, 
and  they  have  one  child,   Nellie,   born  in 


In  the  land  of  his  birth  our  subject 
was  reared  to  manhood,  and  the  days  of 
his  boyhood  and  youth  were  quietly 
passed.  He  came  to  the  United  States 
and  to  Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  in  1866, 
has  been  a  resident  of  Rice  township  since 
1874,  when  he  purchased  forty  acres  of 
land,  which  was  still  in  its  primitive  con- 
dition, being  covered  with  a  thick  growth 
of  trees.  He  cleared  all  this  himself, 
plowed  and  planted  it,  and  in  course  of 
time  the  once  wild  tract  was  transformed 
into  rich  and  fertile  fields.  As  his  finan- 
cial resources  increased  he  e.xtended  the 
boundaries  of  his  farm  until  it  now  com- 
prises eighty  acres.  In  1890  he  built  a 
house  at  a  cost  of  $1,550,  and,  in  1892,  a 
barn  at  a  cost  of  $1,000,  and  is  now  en- 
gaged in  general  farming  and  stock  rais- 
ing. He  has  a  well-improved  place,  and 
is  meeting  with  good  success  in  his  under- 
takings. His  possessions  have  been  ac- 
quired entirely  through  his  own  efforts, 
and  he  may  well  be  termed  a  self-made 
man,  for  he  started  out  in  life  for  himself 
empty-handed,  and  his  success  is  the  re- 
ward of  labor  and  perseverance. 

On  June  14,  1870,  Mr.  Beier  was 
united  in  marriage  with  Catherine  Bean- 
sack,  a  native  of  Fremont,  Ohio,  and 
twelve  children  were  born  to  them,  their 
names  and  dates  of  birth  being  as  fol- 
lows: Clara,  May  28,  1871;  Mary  L. , 
May  9,  1873;  Lewis  H.,  June  i,  1875; 
Frank  J.,  March  12,  1877;  Matilda  C, 
February  26,  1879;  Charles  M.,  Decem- 
ber 21,  1881;  William  A.,   February   15, 

1883;  Leo  J.,  March  13,  1885;  Rudolph 
C. ,  July  25,  1887;  Rosa  K.,  September 
19,  1890;  John  A.,  June  8,  1892;  Roman 
P.,  May  16,  1895.  Of  these,  Clara  be- 
came the  wife  of  George  Widman,  and 
they  have  one  son,  Joseph,  who  was  born 
in  Sandusky  township;  Roman  P.  died 
May  21,  1895,  and  the  rest  are  still  under 
the  parental  roof.  In  his  political  views 
Mr  Beier  is  a  Democrat;  in  religious  be- 
lief he  is  a  Catholic. 

AMOS  BLANK,  a  prosperous  and 
representative  farmer  of  Wood- 
ville  township,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born  April  20,  1841,  and  is  a 
son  of  William  and  Anna  (Hess)  Blank. 
William  Blank  was  born  in  north 
Cumberland  county,  Penn.,  in  1790,  came 
west  and  settled  near  Rollersville,  San- 
dusky Co.,  Ohio,  in  the  spring  of  1836. 
He  married  Anna  Hess,  and  they  became 
the  parents  of  eleven  children,  namely: 
George,  David,  Abraham,  Peter,  Amos, 
Mary,  Elizabeth,  Matilda,  Melinda,  Will- 
iam and  Emeline,  all  now  living  but  three. 
When  Mr.  Blank  came  to  Ohio  he  rented 
a  piece  of  land  of  J.  M.  King  for  two 
years,  then  moved  to  Madison  township, 
Sandusky  count)',  where  he  bought  eighty 
acres  of  timber  land,  commenced  clearing, 
and  put  up  a  cabin  with  a  stone  chimney. 
The  country  was  very  wild,  and  bears  and 
wolves  were  plentiful  and  troublesome. 
The  nearest  mill  was  at  Fremont,  and  it 
took  several  days  to  make  the  trip.  Mr. 
Blank  helped  lay  out  and  make  most  of 
the  roads  in  the  vicinity,  and  cleared  up 
over  100  acres  of  land.  He  held  several 
township  offices,  and  always  voted  the 
Democratic  ticket.  At  the  time  of  his 
death  he  left  440  acres  of  valuable  land. 
He  died  June  8,  1 87 1 ,  at  the  age  of  eighty- 
one  years,  five  months  and  thirteen  days; 
his  wife  died  in  1844,  and  was  laid  to  rest 
in  Sugar  Creek  cemetery. 

On  August  30,  1868.  Amos  Blank  was 
united  in  marriage  with  Emma  J.  Clifford, 



who  was  born  at  Wellington,  Lorain  Co. , 
Ohio,  August  20,  1848,  and  they  have  had 
eight  children,  namely:  Florence  A., 
born  January  i  5,  1870,  died  July  11,  1871 ; 
Amos  B.,  born  October  24,  1871,  unmar- 
ried and  living  at  home,  and  has  been  in 
the  oil  business  since  1889,  having  several 
hundred  acres  of  oil  land  leased,  also 
owner  of  960  acres  of  land  in  Henry 
county,  Ohio;  Myrtie  M.,  born  May  17, 
1873,  married  S.  F.  Osborne,  a  telegraph 
operator,  July  i ,  1 893 ;  John  P. ,  born  Janu- 
ary 12,  1875;  Iva  B.,  born  April  28,  1877, 
married  Charles  F.  Haggerty,  and  they 
have  one  child — Charles  Amos,  born  Sep- 
tember 4,  1894;  Willie  H.,  born  Decem- 
ber 5i  1880;  Bertha  L. ,  born  March  15, 
1882,  and  Effie  J.,  born  March  12,  1886. 
After  his  marriage  Amos  Blank  oper- 
ated a  sawmill  in  Woodville  township 
from  1866  to  1872,  then  sold  out  to  Tille 
Brothers,  and  bought  1 20  acres  of  partly- 
cleared  land.  Recently  he  purchased  a 
farm  of  180  acres  near  Napoleon,  Henry 
Co.,  Ohio,  and  removed  on  said  farm, 
but  still  owns  the  120-acre  farm  in  San- 
dusky county.  He  raises  bees  very  ex- 
tensively, also  cattle  and  horses,  and  car- 
ries on  general  farming.  Mr.  Blank  do- 
nates liberally  to  the  cause  of  religion  and 
prohibition  of  the  liquor  traffic.  In  poli- 
tics he  was  always  a  Democrat  until  1886, 
when  he  joined  the  Prohibitionists,  and 
has  since  worked  hard  for  that  part}'. 
Socially  he  is  a  Mason,  is  very  popular, 
and  much  esteemed  for  his  many  good 
qualities.  His  grandparents  were  Hol- 
landers, and  his  grandfather  served  in  the 
war  of  18 1 2. 

CHARLES  CLINK,  a  practical  and 
progressive  agriculturist  of  Wood- 
ville township,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born  December  23,  1843,  in 
the  township  which  is  still  his  home,  and 
is  the  second  son  of  Caleb  Clink.  The 
family  is  well-known  throughout  this  lo- 
cality   and  his  brothers — Jacob,   Reuben 

and  A.  J. — are  prominent  farmers  and 
stock  dealers.  In  the  district  schools  he 
acquired  a  fair  education,  while  his  father's 
farm  afforded  him  physical  training,  and  he 
was  there  employed  from  an  early  age  until 
he  had  reached  his  twenty-fifth  year.  He 
then  entered  a  dry-goods  store  at  Wood- 
ville, where  he  spent  three  years  in  the  ca- 
pacity of  clerk,  after  which  he  was  for 
several  years  a  salesman  in  a  similar  house 
in  Elmore.  He  was  employed  in  the  same 
capacity  for  four  years  in  Pemberville, 
and  during  all  that  period  gave  general 
satisfaction,  winning  for  himself  the 
good  will  of  his  employers,  and  the  con- 
fidence of  his  customers. 

On  leaving  Pemberville,  Mr.  Clink  re- 
turned to  Woodville  township,  locating  on 
an  eighty-acre  tract  of  timber  land,  on 
which  he  built  a  small  frame  house  and 
installed  his  family  therein.  His  next 
task  was  to  remove  the  trees  and  stumps 
upon  the  place,  and  transform  it  into 
fields  of  rich  fertility.  Some  of  the 
timber  was  sold  for  manufacturing  pur- 
poses, and  tree  after  tree  fell  beneath 
his  sturdy  strokes  until  sixty  acres  had 
been  cleared  and  highly  cultivated,  while 
a  fine  orchard  of  five  acres  yields  to  him 
its  fruits  in  season.  Good  fences  divide 
the  place  into  fields  of  convenient  size, 
the  latest  improved  machinery  is  there 
seen,  and  the  accessories  and  conveniences 
of  a  model  farm  may  there  be  found. 
Mr.  Clink  has  worked  early  and  late  to 
accomplish  this  desired  result,  and  now 
has  the  satisfaction  of  being  the  owner  of 
one  of  the  finest  farms  in  his  section. 
The  small  frame  house  into  which  he  first 
moved  his  family  has  been  replaced  by  a 
large,  substantial  and  ornamental  dwell- 
ing which  was  erected  at  a  cost  of 
$1,800.  The  surrounding  grounds  pre- 
sent a  picturesque  appearance,  and  the 
neatness  and  taste  there  displayed  indicate 
the  progressive  spirit  of  the  owner. 

Mr.  Clink  was  married  February  28, 
1869,  in  Pemberville,  Ohio,  to  Miss  Caro- 
line Pember,  daughter  of  Hiram  Pember, 



in  whose  honor  the  town  of  Pemberville 
was  named.  He  was  born  in  New  York, 
and  there  learned  the  trade  of  black- 
smithing  and  iron  working.  In  the 
Empire  State  he  married  Matilda  Heath, 
and  in  1832  removed  to  Ohio  with  his 
family,  locating  in  Wood  county,  where, 
with  others,  he  founded  the  town  of 
Pemberville.  Eight  children  were  born 
of  that  marriage,  three  of  whom  are  liv- 
ing: Adeline,  the  first  white  child  born 
in  that  section  of  Wood  county,  and  now 
the  wife  of  Charles  Stabler,  a  farmer  of 
Pemberville;  Still  well,  a  retired  farmer  of 
Kansas;  and  Caroline,  wife  of  our  subject. 
The  father  died  in  1878,  the  mother  on 
September  2,  1874.  Three  children  bless 
the  union  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Clink,  viz. : 
Maud,  born  in  Pemberville,  Wood  county. 
May  12,  1874,  educated  in  Woodville 
township,  Sandusky  county,  and  mar- 
ried October  16,  1890,  to  B.  I.  Ross,  a 
resident  of  Mansfield,  Ohio,  employed  as 
a  railroad  engineer  (he  has  been  em- 
ployed by  the  Pennsylvania  Company- 
twelve  years);  Claude,  born  September  5, 
1876,  in  Woodville  township,  attended 
the  district  schools  and  the  Normal  of 
Ada,  Ohio,  and  is  now  engaged  in  opera- 
ting in  the  oil  fields;  the  third  child  died 
in  infancy.  In  1884  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Clink 
adopted  a  nine-weeks-old  baby  boy  by 
the  name  of  Frank  C.  Foster,  who  has 
since  been  one  of  the  family. 

For  six  terms,  Mr.  Clink  has  been 
elected  and  served  as  supervisor,  and  has 
also  been  school  director  four  years,  dis- 
charging his  duties  with  a  fidelity  worthy 
of  all  commendation.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Foresters  Association,  and  of  the 
Masonic  Lodge  of  Pemberville,  while  the 
family  attend  the  Peoples  Church  of 
Woodville.  Mrs.  Clink  is  a  member  of 
the  Lady  Maccabees,  Harmon  Hive  No. 
36,  and  the  son  Claude,  is  a  member  of 
the  Knights  of  the  Maccabees,  DeMolay 
Tent  No.  211.  In  their  pleasant  home 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Clink  are  enjoying  the 
fruits  of  their  former  toil,  and  throughout 

the  community  are  held  in  the  highest 
regard  by  a  wide  circle  of  friends  and 

of  the  leading  and  most  progress- 
ive farmers  of  Green  Creek  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county,  is  a  na- 
tive of  same,  born  in  Green  Creek  town- 
ship March  21,  1848.  In  all  matters  of 
public  interest  Mr.  Hutchinson  is  wide- 
awake, and  by  his  progressive  ideas  is 
doing  much  for  the  people  of  his  native 
and  neighboring  townships. 

Nathaniel  Hutchinson,  great-grand- 
father of  our  subject,  was  a  native  and 
resident  of  Cambridge,  whose  three  sons — 
John,  Thomas  and  Joseph — in  181 8  mi- 
grated to  Clark  county,  Ohio.  John 
after  a  short  period,  removed  to  Wabash, 
Ind. ,  where  he  and  his  family  fell  victims 
to  an  epidemic  .  of  fever.  Thomas  re- 
mained in  Ohio  some  twenty  years,  and 
then  removed  to  La  Grange  county,  Ind., 
where  he  died.  Joseph,  grandfather  of 
Charles  B.,  was  born  April  21,  1782,  and 
was  married  in  his  native  State,  in  Octo- 
ber, 1805,  to  Mary  A.  Hodgman,  who 
was  born  in  Cambridge,  Mass. ,  October 
10,  1783.  After  coming  to  Ohio  they  re- 
sided in  Clark  county  until  April,  1827, 
when  they  moved  to  Green  Creek  town- 
ship, Sandusky  county.  Joseph  Hutchin- 
son was  a  mechanic,  and  followed  his 
trade  through  life.  After  locating  on  a 
farm  in  Green  Creek  township  he  went 
to  Monroeville,  Ohio,  and  there  worked 
for  about  six  years,  then  returning  to  his 
farm  and  remaining  until  his  death,  in 
January,  1S55;  his  wife  died  in  1851. 
This  couple  had  eight  children,  as  follows: 
Mary  A.,  born  September  9,  1807,  mar- 
ried Ashel  Franklin  in  Clark  county,  June 
14,  1829,  and  died  in  May,  1848;  Joseph 
H.,  born  April  17,  1809,  died  November 
24,  1823;  Charlotte,  born  February  7, 
181 1,  married  S.  S.  Kellogg,  of  Huron 
county,  February  10,  1831,    died  in  Feb- 



ruary,  1854;  Louisa,  born  September  12, 
1 8 14,  who  married  Elisha  Lake,  and, 
after  his  death,  Charles  Petty,  died  in 
Woodbury  county,  Iowa;  Josiah  B.,  born 
November  30,  1817,  died  May  28, 
1836;  Alfred,  father  of  Charles  B.,  born 
September  17,  1820;  Phcebe  M.,  born 
May  29,  1825,  married  Noble  Perin,  who 
died  in  Andersonville  prison  during  the 
war  (she  lives  in  Green  Creek  town- 
ship); Joseph,  born  May  29,  1830,  fatally 
crushed  by  a  loaded  wagon,  from  which 
he  fell. 

Alfred  Hutchinson  was  seven  years  old 
when  his  parents  settled  in  Green  Creek 
township.  The  schools  at  that  period 
were  very  primitive;  but  he  received  the 
best  education  the  locality  afforded.  At 
the  age  of  eighteen  years  he  began  an  ap- 
prenticeship to  the  brick-layer's  and  plas- 
terer's trade,  which  he  followed  for  about 
thirty  years.  He  was  married  April  6, 
1843,  to  Mary  M.  Dirlam,  born  in  Massa- 
chusetts August  18,  1823,  daughter  of 
Orrin  and  Annis  (Gibbs)  Dirlam,  both 
born  in  Blandford,  Mass.,  the  former  on 
February  22,  1792,  the  latter  on  August 
18,  1797.  Annis  Dirlam  died  in  Massa- 
chusetts November  6,  1830,  and  three 
years  later  Orrin  Dirlam  migrated  with 
his  seven  children  to  Green  Creek  town- 
ship, Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  where  he  en- 
tered a  large  tract  of  land.  These  seven 
children  were  as  follows:  Sarah,  born 
September  28,  18 18,  married  Samuel 
Chapin,  and  died  in  Clyde  September  10, 
1873;  Orrin  M.,  born  February  7,  1820, 
died  in  1889  in  Sullivan,  Ashland  county; 
Dolly  Almira,  born  October  27,  1821, 
married  Merlin  Babcock,  and  died  March 
26,  1848;  Mary  M. ;  Franklin,  born  De- 
cember 12,  1824,  resident  of  Townsend 
township,  Sandusky  county;  James  M., 
born  February  21,  1826,  a  resident  of 
Wood  county;  and  Spencer,  who  died  in 
infancy.  For  his  second  wife  Orrin  Dir- 
lam married  Elvira  Smith,  who  was  born 
in  Massachusetts  April  18,  1807.  By  this 
marriage  he  had  nine  children:    Henry  S., 

born  February  9,  1843,  who  enlisted  in 
the  army  at  Cleveland,  and  while  acting 
captain  of  his  company  was  seriously 
wounded  at  the  battle  of  Chickamauga, 
dying  from  the  effects  of  the  wound  De- 
cember 18,  1865;  Zadoc,  born  September 
16,  1836,  resident  of  Clyde;  Verrazano, 
born  July  25,  1839,  served  in  the  army 
and  died  August  3,  1882;  Theodore,  born 
January  22,  1842,  participated  in  the  one- 
hundred-days'  service,  now  living  in  Lo- 
rain county;  Sidney,  born  September  8, 
1844,  a  resident  of  New  London;  Minerva, 
born  January  2,  1847,  died  November  8, 
1879;  Walter  S.,  born  January  28,  1853, 
a  resident  of  Lorain  county;  and  two  chil- 
dren who  died  young.  Orrin  Dirlam  was 
the  father  of  sixteen  children,  fourteen  of 
whom  grew  to  maturity.  He  died  at 
Huntington,  Lorain  county.  May  20,  1882. 

The  children  born  to  Alfred  and  Mary 
M.  (Dirlam)  Hutchinson  were  as  follows: 
Zemira,  born  December  2, 1844,  enlisted  in 
Company  A,  Seventy-second  O.V.  L,  and 
died  in  prison  at  Florence,  S.  C,  October 
30, 1864;  Charles  B.,  subject  of  this  sketch; 
Fred,  born  January  28,  1861,  married 
Mabel  Lay,  daughter  of  William  E.  Lay, 
and  has  five  sons — Clare,  Ernest,  Karl, 
Frank  and  Ralph;  Fred  lives  on  a  farm  in 
Green  Creek  township.  Alfred  Hutchin- 
son died  on  the  old  homestead  in  Green 
Creek  township  in  1 889,  and  his  widow 
at  this  writing  still  resides  there.  Neither 
had  been  identified  with  any  Church  or- 
ganization, but  both  believed  in  and  fol- 
lowed practical  Christianity.  Their  lives 
have  been  illustrations  of  their  belief  that 
to  do  good  is  the  highest  function  of  man. 
Alfred  Hutchinson  during  his  lifetime  was 
recognized  as  one  of  the  leading  citizens 
of  his  community,  and  he  was  elected  to 
many  of  the  township  offices. 

Charles  B.  Hutchinson,  his  son,  is 
likewise  one  of  the  most  prominent  men 
of  the  township  to-day.  He  possesses 
business  ability  of  an  advanced  order,  and 
his  capacity  is  demonstrated  by  his  visible 
works.      He  was  thoroughly  educated  in 



the  common  branches,  and  in  addition 
attended  the  Clyde  High  School.  On 
November  i6,  1864,  when  only  sixteen 
years  old,  he  enlisted  in  Company  B, 
Second  U.  S.  A.  Regulars,  and  was  in 
service  four  months  when  his  parents,  on 
account  of  his  youth,  succeeded  in  getting 
him  back  on  the  farm.  When  a  few 
days  under  twenty  years  of  age,  March 
17,  1868,  he  married  Miss  Emma  Strick- 
land, who  was  born  in  Clyde  in  April, 
1850.  They  started  young  in  life,  but 
during  the  happy  and  successful  career 
that  followed  they  have  never  had  cause 
to  regret  their  early  marriage.  Seven 
children  have  been  born  to  them,  five  of 
whom  survive,  as  follows:  Dr.  A.  F.,  who 
is  a  graduate  of  Clyde  High  School  and  of 
the  class  of  1893  in  the  Medical  Depart- 
ment of  the  University  of  Michigan  (he 
married  Miss  Mildred  Ward,  and  is  now 
practicing  medicine  at  Banfield,  Barry 
Co.,  Mich.);  Chella,  a  Clyde  High  School 
graduate  of  1892,  at  home;  Lotta,  Lou 
and  Delmer.  Claude  died  at  the  age  of 
eight  years  and  Floyd  at  the  age  of  four 
years.  Since  his  marriage  Mr.  Hutchin- 
son has  been  engaged  in  farming.  He 
owns  1 1  5  acres  of  choice  land,  and  in  his 
methods  no  farmer  of  the  township  is 
more  progressive  or  successful.  In  poli- 
tics he  is  a  Republican.  He  is  taking 
pains  to  carefully  educate  his  children, 
and  in  all  things  he  is  public-spirited  and 

HENRY  MILLER  was  born  in  To- 
ledo, Lucas  Co.,    Ohio,  Septem- 
ber 23,    1835,   son   of   Fred    and 
Sophia  (Mintkink)  Miller,  natives 
of    Hanover,     Germany,     who    came    to 
America  in  1835,  and  settled  in   Toledo, 

Fred  Miller  secured  a  position  in  a 
sawmill  in  Toledo,  and  worked  there 
about  two  months;  then  removed  to  Wood- 
ville,  Sandusky  county,  where  he   bought 

twenty-five  acres  of  timberland  as  an  in- 
vestment. This  he  sold  a  short  time 
afterward,  and  then  bought  eighty  acres, 
later  eighty  more,  and  lived  on  this  land 
till  1865,  when  he  moved  to  the  village 
of  Woodville,  where  he  passed  the  re- 
mainder of  his  life,  dying  in  1873;  his 
widow  passed  away  in  1 890.  Seven  chil- 
dren were  born  to  Fred  and  Sophia  Mil- 
ler, as  follows:  Frederick,  who  lives  in 
the  village  of  Woodville;  Henry,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch;  Sophia,  who  married 
John  Horseman;  William,  who  lives  in 
the  village  of  Woodville;  Detrick,  Mary 
and  Harmon. 

At  the  tender  age  of  three  years  Henry 
Miller  was  taken  sick  with  an  affection 
known  as  the  rickets,  and  from  that  time 
until  his  sixteenth  year  he  was  confined 
to  his  bed.  After  that  he  improved  some- 
what, and  endeavored  to  secure  an  edu- 
cation, of  which  he  felt  the  need,  all  the 
more  as  the  disease  had  left  him  unfit  for 
manual  labor.  In  1859  he  went  to  work 
for  Jacob  Nagle,  as  an  apprentice  to  learn 
the  harness-maker's  trade.  Afterward  he 
entered  into  the  service  of  Daniel  Coe.  in 
the  harness  business  in  Elmore,  Harris 
township,  Ottawa  county,  and  remained 
there  four  years.  In  1864  Mr.  Miller 
bought  out  his  employer.  Shortly  after- 
ward his  place  of  business  was  burned, 
and  he  then  came  back  to  Woodville, 
Sandusky  county,  and  entered  into  the 
harness  business.  Here  he  has  conducted 
business  ever  since.  He  is  a  Republi- 
can in  politics,  and  in  religious  connec- 
tion is  a  member  of  the  German  Methodist 

HUFFORD  FAMILY.     The  great 
ancestor   from    whom    have    de- 
scended the  Huffords   now   living 
in   Sandusky  county,    Ohio,   was 
Jacob  Hufford.      He  was   born  in    Mary- 
land in  1772,  where  he  learned  the  trade 
of  blacksmith.      It  was  in  his  native  State 

^   ^  /^ 


c/ay^u^     ^-^^/^^'^' 




that  he  met  and  married  Miss  Catharine 
Creager,  and  shortly  after  their  marriage 
they  came  to  Kentucky,  where  for  a  few 
years  Mr.  Hufford  worked  at  his  trade. 
About  1811  they  emigrated  to  Greene 
county,  Ohio,  where  they  hved  until  1836, 
during  which  time  Mr.  Hufford  continued 
at  his  trade,  and  it  was  here  that  his  chil- 
dren— Cornelius,  Jacob, Elizabeth,  James, 
Levi,  William,  Isaac  and  Catharine — 
were  born  and  brought  up.  In  1836  this 
ancestor  came  to  Sandusky  township, 
Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  where  he  purchased, 
in  Section  31,  200  acres  of  land,  which 
was  held  in  the  family  until  about  1881. 
After  his  death,  in  1851,  the  land  was 
owned  by  his  sons,  Jacob  and  William. 
None  of  the  children  of  this  old  pioneer 
are  now  living,  the  last  one,  James,  hav- 
ing died  in  the  spring  of  1895.  The  de- 
scendants of  the  children  of  Jacob,  the 
pioneer,  are  now,  many  of  them,  living  in 
Sandusky  county,  and  it  is  of  one  of  them, 
William  T.  Hufford,  and  of  his  father, 
James,  whose  portraits  are  here  given, 
that  we  now  write. 

James  Hufford,  the  third  son  of 
Jacob  Hufford,  was  born  November  23, 
18 1 2,  in  Greene  county,  Ohio,  and  came 
with  his  parents  to  Sandusky  county,  in 
1836.  Here  hestarted  in  life  forhimself, his 
only  endowments  being  good  health  and 
a  determination  to  accomplish  something 
in  the  world.  In  June,  1837,  he  was  mar- 
ried to  Miss  Susan  Arnold,  of  Greene 
county,  and  to  them  were  born  three 
children:  George  W.,  born  in  1838,  and 
died  at  Memphis,  Tenn.,  during  the  Re- 
bellion, a  member  of  the  Seventy-second 
Regiment,  O.  V.  I. ;  Harriet  A.,  who  mar- 
ried William  Slates;  and  Joseph  M.,  born 
in  1845,  and  died  in  1868.  Mrs.  Hufford 
was  called  from  earth  June  23,  1846,  and 
was  buried  in  Muskalonge  Cemetery. 
On  December  24,  1847,  Mr.  Hufford  was 
married  to  Elizabeth  Fisher,  of  Sandusky 
county.  She  was  born  in  Perry  count}', 
Ohio,  January  9,  1829,  and  came  with 
her   parents  to  Sandusky    county   when 

eight  years  of  age,  where  she  has  since 
lived.  Mrs.  Hufford  is  a  daughter  of 
William  and  Jane  (Anderson)  Fisher,  the 
former  of  whom  was  born  and  married  in 
Virginia,  and  to  them  were  born  five  chil- 
dren, three  of  whom  are  now  living:  Mrs. 
Hufford,  George  Fisher  and  Mrs.  Margaret 
Hummell;  the  father  died  in  1872,  the 
mother  in  183 1.  To  Mr.  Hufford  by  his 
second  wife  was  born  one  child,  William 
T.  Hufford,  whose  sketch  follows. 

James  Hufford  was  a  highly  esteemed 
citizen,  and  an  affectionate  husband  and 
father.  He  was  a  very  intimate  friend  of 
Dr.  Wilson,  president  of  the  First  National 
Bank,  of  Fremont,  Ohio.  By  hard  work 
and  strict  integrity  he  accumulated  a  hand- 
some property,  west  of  Fremont.  At  his 
death,  which  occurred  March  31,  1895,  he 
owned  277  acres  of  as  fine  land  as  can  be 
found  in  Sandusky  county.  Mr.  Hufford 
had  all  of  his  business  settled,  his  will  exe- 
cuted and  his  son,  William,  appointed 
executor  of  his  estate.  The  property  is 
to  remain  intact  during  the  life  of  Mrs. 
Hufford,  then  descend  to  the  children- — 
William  T. ,  and  his  half  sister. 

William  T.  Hufford  was  born  Sep- 
tember 26,  185 1,  in  Sandusky  township. 
He  was  educated  in  the  high  school  at 
Fremont,  Ohio,  and  was  for  seven  years 
a  teacher  in  the  Sandusky  county  public 
schools.  On  December  25,  1873,  Mr. 
Hufford  was  married  to  Miss  Sarah  J. 
Rideout,  of  Sandusky  county.  Since  their 
marriage  they  have  resided  on  the  old 
homestead,  on  which,  in  1894,  Mr.  Huf- 
ford erected  one  of  the  finest  dwellings  to 
be  found  in  Sandusky  county,  either  in  the 
city  or  country,  the  plan  of  the  house  be- 
ing designed  by  Mr.  Hufford,  himself.  It 
is  finished  inside  in  oak,  which  Mr.  Huf- 
ford took  from  his  own  timber  lot.  The 
style  of  the  house,  both  inside  and  out- 
side, is  modern  in  every  way;  the  sitting- 
room  and  parlor  are  provided  with  hand- 
some grates  and  mantels.  The  house  is 
heated  from  cellar  to  garret  by  a  furnace, 
thus  freeing  the  rooms  from  all  dust  and 



litter  attending  tiie  use  of  stoves.  On  en- 
tering the  sitting-room  from  the  porch 
one  is  brought  in  front  of  a  fine  piano, 
which  instrument  is  played  by  Mrs.  Huf- 
ford  herself,  while  at  either  end  of  the 
piano  stands  a  base  viol,  and  on  top  of  the 
piano  lies  a  violin,  which  instruments  are 
played  by  the  two  boys  at  home.  The 
musical  development  of  those  who  inhabit 
the  house  serves  to  make  the  modern  ar- 
chitecture of  the  building  more  highly  ap- 
preciated. Mr.  Hufford,  like  his  father, 
is  a  thorough  business  man,  and  highly 
respected  by  all  who  know  him.  His 
ability  to  give  facts  and  dates  connected 
with  the  lives  of  his  ancestry  is  remarka- 
ble, thus  showing  that  any  subject  that  in 
any  way  engrosses  his  attention  is  thor- 
oughly mastered. 

To  William  T.  Hufford  and  his  wife 
have  come  three  children:  (i)  Eugene 
L. ,  born  September  26,  1S74,  whose  edu- 
cation was  completed  in  Adrian  College, 
Michigan;  he  was  married  April  3,  1894, 
to  Estella  Smith,  of  Sandusky  county.  (2) 
James  F.,  born  April  13,  1877,  and  (3) 
Ray  v.,  born  May  4,  1884.  Mrs.  Huf- 
ford, the  estimable  wife  of  our  subject, 
was  born  December  25,  1853,  in  San- 
dusky county,  where  she  received  her  edu- 
cation in  the  country  schools.  She  has 
paid  considerable  attention  to  music,  and 
it  is  from  their  mother  that  the  children 
inherit  their  musical  taste.  Mrs.  Hufford 
is  the  daughter  of  William  and  Mary  Ann 
(Huggins)  Kideout,  the  former  of  whom 
was  born  February  10,  18 19,  a  carpenter 
by  trade,  though  he  followed  farming  as 
his  principal  occupation;  he  died  April  6, 
1892.  His  wife  was  born  March  4,  1822. 
To  them  were  born  si.\  children,  Mrs.  Huf- 
ford being  next  to  the  youngest,  and  the 
only  daughter  in  the  family;  her  brother, 
Lafayette,  died  at  F"ort  Ethan  Allen,  Va., 
July  3,  1864  (he  belonged  to  the  One 
Hundred  and  Sixty-ninth  Regiment,  O. 
V.  I.);  another  brother,  Frank,  lives  in 
Ottawa,  111.,  and  two  other  brothers,  Ar- 
thur and  John,  live  in  Tuscola,  Illinois. 

HIRAM  P.  DEYO.  one  of  the  pros- 
perous and   influential  farmers  of 
York  township,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born   in   Erie   county,  Ohio, 
December  31,    1845,  son  of   John    P.  and 
Sarah  A.  (Foster)  Deyo. 

John  P.  Deyo,  better  known  as  "  Dr. 
Deyo,"  for  in  his  younger  years  he  was  an 
active  practitioner  of  medicine,  still  sur- 
vives at  the  ripe  old  age  of  ninety  years, 
and  is  now  a  member  of  his  son  Hiram's 
household.  He  was  born  December  14, 
1804,  in  Ulster  county,  N.  Y. ,  and  when 
about  nineteen  years  of  age  migrated  to 
Ontario  county  in  the  same  State.  At 
Geneva  he  studied  medicine  under  a  pre- 
ceptor, and  began  to  practice.  In  the 
spring  of  1833  he  migrated  to  Ohio,  mak- 
ing the  journey  on  horseback.  His  par- 
ents, William  and  Elizabeth  (Ketcham) 
Deyo,  both  of  whom  were  born  in  New 
York,  east  of  the  Hudson  river,  also  mi- 
grated to  Ohio.  William  Deyo,  the  son 
of  Henry  Deyo,  of  Holland  birth,  was  a 
carpenter  and  joiner  by  trade,  and  died 
in  his  pioneer  home  in  Erie  county,  Ohio, 
at  the  age  of  sixty-five  years.  He  had 
served  his  country  as  a  soldier  in  the  war 
of  1812.  His  wife,  Elizabeth  Ketcham, 
was  of  New  England  parentage.  She 
lived  to  the  age  of  eighty-six  years.  Dr. 
John  P.  Deyo  settled  in  Huron  county, 
four  and  one-half  miles  north  of  Belle- 
vue,  and  was  the  pioneer  phj'sician  in 
that  locality,  making  his  visits  on  horse- 
back and  carrying  his  medicines  about 
with  him  in  saddlebags.  After  his  father's 
death  he  quit  the  active  practice  of  his 
profession  and  settled  on  the  old  home- 
stead in  Erie  county,  which  was  part  of 
the  "  P'irelands,"  and  which  had  been 
purchased  before  he  moved  to  Ohio.  He 
was  married,  April  4,  1836,  to  Sarah 
Foster,  who  was  born  in  Erie  countv, 
N.  Y.,  March  24,  1819.  To  Dr.  and 
Mrs.  Deyo  were  born  the  following  chil- 
dren: Maria  L. ,  born  in  Erie  county 
November  9,  1 840,  married  to  Henry 
Miller    and    living    in  Clyde;  Allen   H., 



born  June  i,  1S43,  now  a  farmer  near 
Sedalia,  Mo.;  Hirain  P.,  subject  of  this 
sketch;  Frank  F.,  born  December  2, 
1847,  living  at  Pekin,  111.;  B.  W.,  born 
November  11,  1850,  a  resident  of  Clio, 
Mich.;  Delavan  J.,  born  November  18, 
1852,  implement  dealer  at  Sandusky 
city;  William  J.,  born  April  29,  1855, 
died  March  5,  1858;  Fred  W. ,  born  Sep- 
tember 10,  1858,  a  salesman  at  Sandusky 
city;  and  two  children,  who  died  in  in- 

Hiram  P.  Deyo  grew  to  manhood  on 
the  home  farm  in  Erie  county,  attending 
the  district  schools  and  also  taking  a  term 
or  two  at  Milan.  He  was  married,  Jan- 
uary 6,  1870,  to  Francis  P.  Thompson, 
who  was  born  in  Thompson  township, 
Seneca  Co.,  Ohio,  November  5,  1845, 
daughter  of  William  and  Hannah  (Hol- 
man)  Thompson.  William  Thompson 
when  a  boy  came  from  Pennsylvania  with 
his  parents,  who  settled  in  Thompson 
township,  Seneca  county.  He  died  at 
the  age  of  seventy-five  years,  in  Erie 
county.  Children  as  follows  were  born 
to  William  and  Hannah  Thompson: 
Sarah  Ann,  who  married  Theophilus 
Gardner,  and  is  now  deceased;  Delia, 
wife  of  Charles  Russell,  of  York  town- 
ship; Josiah,  who  lives  on  the  old  home- 
stead; William  H.,  of  Thompson  town- 
ship, Seneca  county,  and  Celesta  M. 
wife  of   S.  E.  Bardwell,  of   Erie    county. 

Mr.  Deyo  has  been  a  lifelong  farmer, 
except  for  about  eight  months,  when  he 
was  on  the  road  as  a  Baltimore  &  Ohio 
express  messenger.  He  came  from  Erie 
county  to  York  township,  Sandusky 
county,  purchasing  the  excellent  farm 
of  eighty-seven  acres  which  he  now  culti- 
vates. Mr.  Deyo  affiliates  with  the  Peo- 
ple's party,  and  himself  and  wife  are  con- 
sistent members  of  the  M.  E.  Church. 
They  have  one  child.  Miss  Stella  Deyo,  a 
handsome  and  highly-accomplished  young 
lady.  She  taught  her  first  school  at  the 
age  of  fourteen  years,  and  has  since  taken 
a    thorough  course  of  instruction  in  the 

Musical  Conservatory  at  Oberlin.  She  is 
now  a  teacher  of  vocal  and  instrumental 
music,  and  is  one  of  the  most  popular 
belles  in  the  social  life  of  Sandusky 

young  and  enterprising  agricul- 
turist and  oil  speculator  of  Madi- 
son township,  Sandusky  county, 
was  born  February  28,  1867,  son  of  E.  A. 
and  Christina  (Blank)  Hurlbut.  He  is  a 
representative  of  prominent  families  of 
the  community,  being  a  nephew  of  Amos 
and  Abraham  Blank,  leading  farmers  of 
Sandusky  county. 

When  Charles  was  quite  a  young  man 
his  father  went  west,  and  he  then  lived 
with  his  uncle,  Abraham  Blank,  who  cared 
for  him  and  his  mother.  His  elementary 
education  was  obtained  in  the  schools  of 
Woodville  township,  Sandusky  county, 
and  for  a  short  period  he  pursued  his 
studies  in  Gibsonburg,  afterward  working 
on  his  uncle's  farm  until  he  had  arrived 
at  years  of  maturity.  Having  a  desire  to 
to  see  the  W^estern  States,  he  started  in 
188S  for  California,  traveling  through 
Colorado,  Arizona,  Texas  and  New  Mex- 
ico, and  at  last  reaching  the  Golden  State. 
He  visited  many  portions  of  California, 
spending  some  time  in  Los  Angeles,  San 
Diego,  San  Francisco  and  other  points  of 
interest,  and  upon  the  return  trip  he  vis- 
ited Kansas,  remaining  some  months  in 
that  State. 

On  reaching  Ohio  again,  he  took  up  his 
residence  upon  his  uncle's  farm,  which 
has  been  his  home  continuously  since. 
Three  years  ago  he  entered  into  partner- 
ship with  his  uncles  and  other  enterpris- 
ing business  men  of  the  township  in  the 
formation  of  a  company  for  oil  specula- 
tion, of  which  he  was  made  secretary  and 
treasurer.  This  concern,  which  is  a  purely 
local  one,  is  meeting  with  good  success. 
Besides  aiding  in  the  operation  of  the 
large   farm   belonging  to    his    uncle,  Mr. 



Hurlbut  himself  owns  140  acres  of  rich 
and  arable  land  in  another  part  of  the 
township,  which  is  now  highly  cultivated 
and  on  which  he  is  making  some  exten- 
sive improvements. 

On  September  25,  1890,  Mr.  Hurlbut 
led  to  the  marriage  altar  Miss  Elsie  R. 
Krotzer,  a  daughter  of  Ira  W.  Krotzer,  a 
farmer  of  Madison  township,  Sandusky 
county.  Two  children  bless  this  happ}- 
marriage — Ira  W.,  born  August  2,  1891, 
and  Walter  H.,  born  July  15,  1893.  Mr. 
Hurlbut  is  a  very  intelligent  and  enter- 
prising young  man,  and,  possessing  good 
business  tact  and  ability,  has  met  with 
success  in  his  undertakings.  Within  the 
past  year  he  has  erected  a  beautiful  home, 
the  finest  in  the  neighborhood,  which 
stands  as  a  monument  to  his  industry. 
He  possesses  a  genial,  affable  disposition, 
is  widely  and  favorably  known  through- 
out the  county,  and  is  popular  with  all. 
His  business  integrity  is  above  question, 
and  commands  universal  confidence  and 
respect.  Socially  he  is  connected  with 
Gibsonburg  Lodge  No.  687,  I.  O.  O.  F., 
and  in  politics  he  supports  principles  rather 
than  party,  and  is  a  stalwart  Silverman. 

GEORGE  BOWE,  son  of   George 
Bowe,  Sr. ,  and  Catherine  (Weg- 
stein)  Bowe,  was  born  August  i. 
1835,   on  the  old    homestead  in 
Section     7,     Scott    township,    Sandusky 
county,  and  where  his  brothers  first  saw 
the  light. 

In  May,  1861,  Mr.  Bowe  was  united 
in  marriage  with  Miss  Mary  Bordner,  of 
Freeport,  Ohio,  and  shortly  after  their 
marriage  they  settled  in  Section  18,  Scott 
township,  where  they  remained  three 
years;  about  1863  he  built  a  house  on  his 
own  farm  and  removed  there.  Sixty 
acres  of  his  farm  were  heavily  timbered  at 
that  time,  which  he  has  cleared  and  made 
of  it  one  of  the  model  farms  of  the  town- 
ship; later  Mr.  Bowe  added  to  his  first 
piece  of  land  until  he  now  has  210  acres. 

In  addition  to  his  arduous  work  as  a 
farmer  he  followed  threshing  for  twenty- 
eight  years,  wearing  out  several  machines 
and  making  money  at  the  business.  Like 
his  brothers,  Mr.  Bowe  entered  into  the 
oil  business,  and  like  them  made  several 
leases  of  his  farm  before  one  was  made 
that  resulted  in  any  practical  benefit.  Fi- 
nally, February  17,  1895,  he  leased  his 
farm  to  the  Sun  Oil  Company,  for  one- 
sixth  of  the  oil  produced.  Four  wells  are 
now  being  operated,  and  a  well  is  to  be 
put  in  each  sixty  days  until  twelve  wells 
are  down.  The  wells  now  in  operation 
produce  about  twelve  barrels  of  oil  per 
day,  or  six  barrels  each.  The  oil  is 
pumped  to  Toledo  through  an  oil  pipe. 
While  a  well  was  being  put  down  on  his 
neighbor's  land  Mr.  Bowe's  barn  acciden- 
tally took  fire  and  was  completely  de- 

To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Bowe  have  come 
children  as  follows:  W.  M.,  born  Feb- 
ruary 25,  1862,  resides  on  the  old  farm; 
he  was  married  October  i,  1885,  to  Ro- 
sette Day,  of  Rising  Sun,  Ohio,  and  they 
have  one  child,  Shurley,  born  October 
20,  1889.  Ellen  Catherine,  born  June  19, 
1864,  is  the  wife  of  Wilbert  Phillips. 
Charles  Henry,  born  October  30,  1866, 
married  Ellen  Roush,  of  Rising  Sun,  Ohio. 
Fanny  is  Mrs.  W.  Day,  of  Rising  Sun. 
Mary  Elizabeth,  born  July  8,  i86i,  was  a 
teacher  in  Sandusky  county  a  few  years 
before  her  marriage;  she  married  J.  H. 
Burnette,  of  Rising  Sun.  R.  G.,  born 
May  I,  1873,  was  also  a  teacher  for  two 
years.  Roscoe  F.  was  born  December  1 9, 
1877.  Verna  L.  was  born  February 
II,  1880.  Mrs.  Bowe  was  born  October 
II,  1 838,  a  daughter  of  Michael  and  Leah 
(Buchtel)  Bordner.  When  she  was  only 
a  young  girl  her  mother  died,  and  she 
was  obliged  to  assist  in  the  household  du- 
ties for  her  father. 

Michael  Bordner  was  born  February 
28,  18 12,  in  Pennsylvania,  where  he  lived 
until  he  was  fifteen  years  old.  He  then 
came    to  Stark   county,  Ohio,  where,  on 



December  ii,  1S34,  he  married  Miss 
Leah  Buchtel,  of  that  county.  For  eight 
j'ears  he  worked  at  shoemaking,  but  dur- 
ing the  latter  part  of  his  active  life  he  fol- 
lowed agricultural  pursuits.  He  is  now 
living  in  Bradner,  Wood  county,  at  the 
age  of  eighty-three  years,  a  pleasant  and 
genial  old  gentleman.  His  wife  died  in 
1859,  and  was  buried  in  the  Bradner 
Cemetery.  To  them  were  born  children, 
the  names  and  dates  of  birth  being  as  fol- 
lows: Henry,  September  9,  1S36,  died 
in  the  Civil  war;  Mary,  Mrs.  Bowe;  Lucy, 
January  25,  1841,  died  September  24, 
1894;  Calvin,  April  30,  1S43,  who  died 
July  28,  1862,  in  the  army;  Rachel,  Au- 
gust 9,  1846;  Ellen,  September  14,  1848; 
Alfred,  January  28,  1851;  and  Sarah, 
March  24,  1855.  After  the  death  of  his 
first  wife  Mr.  Bordner  married  Miss  Polly 
Yohe,  who  is  also  deceased. 

Peter  Bordner,  the  paternal  grand- 
father of  Mrs.  Bowe,  was  born  about  the 
year  1766  in  Pennsylvania,  and  died  in 
1816;  his  wife,  Catherine  (Cotherman), 
was  born  in  1770  and  died  in  1866.  Mrs. 
Bowe's  maternal  grandfather,  Henry 
Buchtel,  was  born  about  1790  and  died 
in  1875;  his  wife,  Elizabeth  Avers,  was 
born  about  1791,  and  died  in  1850.  They 
had  fifteen  children — two  sons  and  thir- 
teen daughters. 

George  Bowe,  Sr. ,  father  of  the  sub- 
ject of  this  sketch,  was  born  in  France  in 
1802,  came  to  America  in  1832,  settling 
in  New  York  State,  near  Buffalo,  where  he 
remamed  three  years,  thence  moving  to 
Ohio,  where  in  Scott  township  he  entered 
210  acres  of  land,  one-half  for  his  sister, 
and  the  balance  for  himself.  In  the 
winter  of  1834-35  he  married  Catherine 
Wegstein,  a  daughter  of  Michael  Weg- 
stein,  and  born  in  Baden,  Germany,  181 3. 
To  them  were  born  ten  children,  three  of 
whom  died  in  infancy,  the  others  being: 
George  (our  subject),  Jacob,  Frederick, 
Henry,  Michael,  Jr.,  David  and  Mary  C. ; 
Frederick  and  Mary  C. ,  died  some  time 
ago;  the  others  are  yet  living.    Mr.  Bowe's 

father  was  an  old  pioneer  of  Scott  town- 
ship. He  owned  at  one  time  600  acres 
of  land,  which  he  divided  among  his  chil- 
dren, thus  giving  each  a  start  in  life,  from 
which  they  have  progressed  and  become 
well-to-do,  highly  esteemed  by  all  who 
know  them.  His  wife,  the  mother  of  our 
subject,  died  July  9,  i89i,and  was  buried 
in  the  Bradner  Cemetery. 

Our  subject's  maternal  grandfather, 
Michael  Wegstein,  was  born  about  the 
year  1779  in  Baden,  Germany,  where  he 
was  married.  In  1832  he  started  for 
America,  and  during  the  voyage  his  wife 
died  and  was  buried  in  mid-ocean.  In  his 
family  there  were  six  children,  of  whom 
only  two  are  living;  one  son,  Capt. 
Michael  Wegstein,  of  Company  H,  Sev- 
enty-second Ohio  Regiment,  was  killed  at 
the  battle  of  Shiloh. 

JM.  YEAGLE  is  of  that  type  of  citi- 
zenship most  valuable  to  any  com- 
munity. That  people  is  perhaps 
best  governed  that  is  least  governed; 
but  the  withholding  of  governmental  re- 
straint is  only  possible  when  the  people  are 
in  themselves  sufficiently  self-restrained. 
Mr.  Yeagle  has  learned  the  value  of  at- 
tending strictly  to  his  own  business,  and 
also  of  attending  to  it  well.  Denied  the 
advantage  of  a  higher  education  himself, 
he  has  made  it  a  duty  to  give  to  his  chil- 
dren that  which  he  lacked. 

Our  subject  was  born  in  Sandusky 
county  February  26,  1846,  son  of  Michael 
and  Sarah  (Kreilick)  Yeagle,  the  former 
of  whom  was  born  in  Pennsylvania  in 
1 8 10,  and  died  in  December,  1893,  a  re- 
spected farmer  of  Sandusky  county.  In 
politics  he  was  a  Democrat,  and  in  re- 
ligious faith  a  Lutheran.  His  wife,  also 
a  native  of  Pennsylvania,  was  born  in 
181 3,  and  died  at  the  age  of  sixty-five 
years.  They  had  seven  children,  as  fol- 
lows: Mary,  wife  of  John  Faden,  of  Ot- 
tawa county;  Jeremiah;  Henry;  Catherine, 
who   married  John   Henrick;  J.  M.,  sub- 



ject  of  this  sketch;  Sarah,  who  married 
Joseph  Leiser,  and  Lavina,  who  married 
Israel  Burkett.  J.  M.  Yeagle  grew  up  in 
the  county  of  his  birth,  attending  the 
schools  of  Rice  township.  In  1871  he 
married  Miss  Mary  Flatz,  who  was  born 
in  Germany,  May  30,  1848,  and  after  his 
marriage  he  purchased  and  settled  on  a 
farm  in  Salem  township,  Ottawa  county, 
where  he  remained  about  ten  years.  He 
then  farmed  for  two  years  near  Fremont, 
and  in  1890  purchased  his  present  farm 
of  seventy  acres  in  Green  Creek  township. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Yeagle  have  six  children: 
Cyrus,  born  October  15,  1871,  who  was 
married  May  i,  1894,  to  Pheama  Tuttle, 
and  lives  at  Toledo;  John,  born  December 
28,  1872,  a  graduate  of  Green  Spring 
Academy,  and  a  student  at  Adelbert  Col- 
lege, Cleveland;  Irene,  born  April  7,  1875, 
a  student  at  the  Fremont  schools;  Charles, 
born  April  20,  1876,  also  a  student  of 
Green  Spring  Academy;  Michael,  born 
July  I,  1878.  attending  the  Clyde  High 
School,  and  William,  born  January  26, 
1 88 1.  Mr.  Yeagle  is  a  fruit  and  grain 
fanner.  He  has  highl\'  improved  his  pro- 
ductive acres,  and  last  year  he  erected  one 
of  the  best  frame  residences  in  Green 
Creek  township.  He  is  progressive  in  his 
views  and  well-to-do.  His  easy  financial 
situation  is  due  to  his  own  industry  and  to 
the  care  and  management  which  he  has 
bestowed  upon  his  property. 

SAMUEL  BOOR  has  pushed  his 
way  through  the  ranks  of  the 
many,  and  stands  among  the  suc- 
cessful few,  being  numbered 
among  the  prosperous  agriculturists  of 
Scott  township,  Sandusky  county.  He 
is  also  one  of  the  honored  veterans  of  the 
Civil  war,  and  a  valued  and  progressive 

Mr.  Boor  was  born  in  Bedford  county, 
Penn.,  August  27,  1835,  and  when  a 
child  came  with  his  parents  to  Sandusky 
county,    the  father  purchasing    160  acres 

of  land  in  Jackson  township  for  $500. 
This  he  cleared,  making  for  himself  and 
family  a  comfortable  home  in  which  he 
spent  his  remaining  days.  He,  too,  was 
a  native  of  Bedford  county,  born  in  1799, 
and  was  descended  from  Holland  ances- 
try, while  his  wife,  who  was  born  in  1 804, 
was  of  French-Irish  lineage.  They  had 
a  family  of  ten  children,  namely:  Josiah, 
May  E.,  Margaret,  Jane  C,  W.  C. , 
Samuel,  Annie,  James,  S.  E.,  and  F. 
M.,  eight  of  whom  are  now  living.  James 
entered  the  naval  service  during  the 
Civil  war,  and  died  while  defending  his 
country.  The  maternal  grandmother  of 
our  subject  was  born  about  1766,  and 
made  the  journey  from  the  Keystone 
State  to  Ohio  in  a  carriage,  returning  by 
the  same  convej'ance. 

Mr.  Boor,  whose  name  opens  this  re- 
\\q\\\  remained  on  the  home  farm  until 
twenty-two  years  of  age,  when  he  made 
a  trip  to  Kansas,  at  the  time  of  the 
great  slavery  agitation  there;  but  there 
was  too  much  danger  and  excitment  con- 
nected with  life  in  that  State,  and  he  re- 
moved elsewhere,  spending  a  year  in  the 
West.  He  then  returned  to  his  old  home 
in  Sandusky  county,  and  after  the  open- 
ing of  hostilities  joined  the  boys  in  blue 
of  Company  I,  Seventy-second  O.  V.  I. 
When  his  three-years'  term  expired  he 
re-enlisted,  continuing  at  the  front  until 
the  close  of  the  war.  He  was  actively 
engaged  in  many  battles,  including  Shiloh, 
Corinth,  Jackson,  Vicksburg,  Nashville 
and  Mobile,  and  at  the  first  named  re- 
ceived a  bullet  wound  in  the  right  leg, 
though  he  fought  the  remainder  of  the 
daj-.  The  succeeding  day,  however, 
he  was  unable  to  walk.  He  was 
a  loyal,  faithful  soldier,  in  whom  the 
Union  cause  found  an  able  defender. 

On  the  close  of  hostilities  Mr.  Boor 
returned  to  his  home.  On  September  11, 
1869,  he  married  Miss  Ellen  Snyder, 
who  was  born  in  1847,  daughter  of 
George  N.  and  Mary  (Harmon)  Snyder, 
of    Scott    township,     Sandusky    county. 



Her  father  is  still  livini;  in  Scott  town- 
ship, at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-seven. 
He  was  born  March  6,  i8oS,  in  Pennsyl- 
vania, son  of  Philip  and  Elizabeth  (New- 
man) Snyder,  the  former  of  whom  was 
born  in  1770.  In  an  earl}'  tlay  George 
N.  Snyder  came  to  Sandusky  county, 
and  he  voted  at  the  first  election  held  in 
Scott  township,  more  than  fifty  years 
ago,  ranking  among  the  honored  pioneers. 
On  April  14,  1S34,  he  wedded  Mary  Har- 
mon, and  they  had  six  children — one 
who  died  in  infancy;  Elizabeth;  M.  L. ; 
Harvey;  Mary  Ellen,  and  Sarah.  The 
mother  of  this  family  died,  and  on  June 
20,  1872,  Mr.  Snyder  married  Mrs. 
Alexander  Houston,  who  was  born  De- 
cember 14,   1825. 

Upon   their  marriage    Air. 

Boor  located    upon    the  farm 

and    Mrs. 
which   has 

since  been  their  home — originally  a  part 
of  the  farm  owned  by  John  Scott,  in 
honor  of  whom  the  township  was  named. 
Our  subject  has  seen  the  forest  give  way 
before  the  woodman's  axe,  the  log  cabin 
supplanted  by  the  commodious  dwelling 
and  the  ox-sled  replaced  by  modern 
vehicles.  He  has  aided  in  the  general 
work  of  improvement  and  development, 
having  his  own  farm  under  a  high  state 
of  cultivation,  good  fences  enclosing 
well-tilled  fields,  ample  barns  and  out- 
buildings providing  shelter  for  grain  and 
stock,  while  a  substantial  residence,  built 
in  modern  style  of  architecture  and  roofed 
with  slate,  is  the  pleasant  home  of  the 
family.  In  addition  to  his  extensive 
farming  interests,  Mr.  Boor  is  largely 
engaged  in  buying  and  selling  stock, 
frequently  purchasing  cattle  in  Chicago, 
which  he  fattens  and  ships  to  Buffalo. 
He  has  found  this  a  profitable  branch 
of  his  business.  His  career  is  that  of 
a  self-made  man  who  has  worked  his 
way  upward  from  a  humble  position  to 
one  of  affluence,  and  he  deserves  great 
credit  for  his  success  in  life. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.   Boor  had  five  chidren, 
two    of    whom    died    in    infancy:      Mary 

was  born  July  28,  1873;  Jes.;ie,  born 
October  6.  1876,  is  successfully  engaged 
in  teaching  in  Sandusky  county;  J.  C, 
born  January  12,  1S80,  is  at  home. 
The  family  occupies  an  enviable  posi- 
tion in  social  circles,  and  the  Boor  house- 
hold is  noted  for  its  hospitality.  Mr. 
Boor  has  served  for  several  years  as 
trustee  of  his  township,  and  for  two 
j'ears  was  county  commissioner  of  San- 
dusky county,  discharging  his  duties 
w'ith  the  same  fidelity  and  conscientious- 
ness which  characterized  his  military 
career.  , 

JACOB  CRAMER,  a  farmer  of  Jack- 
son township,  Sandusky  county,  was 
born  April  i,  1857,  in  the  township 
where  he  now  resides.  His  father, 
Conrad  Cramer,  was  born  November  10, 
181 1,  and  in  1841  married  Catharine 
Miller,  who  was  born  April  i,  1818, 
daughter  of  Isaac  Miller,  of  Alsace,  Ger- 
many, a  market  gardener  by  occupation, 
whose  other  children  were  Barbara  and 
Margaret.  Our  subject's  grandparents 
lived  and  died  in  Hessen  Cassel,  Ger- 
many. His  grandfather  was  a  brewer  by 
trade,  and  also  owned  and  operated  100 
acres  of  land  in  Germany. 

Jacob  Cramer  was  one  of  a  family  of 
five  children:  Conrad,  born  in  1844, 
who  is  a  wholesale  grocer  of  Toledo, 
Ohio,  married  Miss  Hulda  Swigart,  and 
has  two  children — Frances  and  Roy;  po- 
litically he  is  a  Republican.  Anna,  born 
in  1846,  married  Henry  Lance,  a  farmer 
of  Riley  township,  and  has  two  children — 
Frank  and  Myrtie;  he  is  a  member  of  the 
U.  B.  Church.  Catharine,  born  in  1848, 
became  the  wife  of  John  Hollinger,  a 
dealer  in  agricultural  implements,  and  a 
member  of  the  firm  of  Hollinger  &  Pal- 
mer, of  Fremont,  Ohio;  in  politics  he  is  a 
Democrat.  Jacob  is  our  subject.  William, 
born  in  1865,  a  farmer  by  occupation, 
married  Miss  .'\manda  Smith,  of  Jackson 
township,  arid  their  children  are  Walter, 



Frank  and  Esther;  he  affiliates  with  the 
Democratic  party,  and  is  a  member  of  the 
U.  B.  Church. 

Jacob  Cramer  remained  at  home  with 
his  parents  until  his  twenty-first  year, 
working  on  the  farm,  and  saving  enough 
money  to  buy  fifty-two  acres  of  land  in 
the  spring  of  1882.  This  he  sold  three 
years  later  and  bought  the  forty-acre  lot 
where  he  now  resides  for  $3,200;  he  has 
since  that  time  bought  forty  acres  more 
in  Seneca  county.  His  home  farm  is  sit- 
uated eleven  miles  west  of  Fremont,  and 
two  miles  north  of  Kansas,  Ohio.  Mr. 
Cramer  is  a  strong  Prohibitionist,  and  in 
religious  connection  is  a  member  of  the 
U.  B.  Church,  of  which  he  is  a  liberal 
supporter.  On  December  i,  1881,  he 
married  Mary  J.  Humphrey,  who  was 
born  December  24,  i860,  a  daughter  of 
Isaac  and  Rebecca  Humphrey  (deceased). 
They  have  two  children— Cora  May,  born 
August  21,  1883,  and  Clarence  J.,  born 
November  14,    1886. 

NELSON  R.  TUCKER,  a  prosper- 
ous farmer  and  extensive  land- 
owner of  Sandusky  township, 
Sandusky  county,  was  born  April 
16,  1823,  in  Jefferson  county,  N.  Y.  The 
great  ancestor  of  this  Tucker  family  came 
from  England  to  America  before  the  Revo- 
lutionary war,  and  settled  in  Massachu- 
setts. He  was  a  farmer.  One  of  his 
sons,  Caleb  Tucker,  married  Miss  Kate 
Billins,  at  Shrewsbury,  Mass,  where  he 
afterward  carried  on  farming.  Here,  ac- 
cording to  the  custom  of  the  times,  he 
bought  a  colored  man-servant  to  assist 
him  in  farming,  and  a  colored  female- 
servant  to  help  his  wife  about  the  house- 
work. They  treated  these  slaves  kindly, 
finally  giving  them  their  liberty.  Caleb 
Tucker  afterward  bought  a  farm  near 
Johnstown,  N.  Y. ,  where  he  reared  a 
family  of  eleven  children,  namely:  Na- 
thaniel B.,  Melinda,  Hiram,  Caleb,  Katie, 

Parmelia,  Henry,  Harriet,  Thomas,  Jane 
and  Ezekiel. 

Nathaniel  B.  Tucker  was  born  Octo- 
ber 29,  1797,  and  on  June  16,  1821,  mar- 
ried Miss  Mary  Ann  Ballard,  daughter  of 
Rufus  and  Martha  (Swartwout)  Ballard. 
Rufus  Ballard  was  a  son  of  Thomas  Bal- 
lard, a  soldier  of  the  Revolutionary  war, 
who  lived  in  the  Mohawk  Valley,  Mont- 
gomery county,  N.  Y. ,  and  was  the  own- 
er of  several  slaves,  who  worked  as  farm 
hands.  The  children  of  Nathaniel  B. 
and  Mary  Ann  Tucker  were:  Nelson  R., 
Mary,  Henry  and  Phoeba.  In  1825  the 
family  moved  from  Jefferson  county,  N. 
Y. ,  to  St.  Lawrence  county,  N.  Y. ,  which 
was  then  a  wilderness,  and  they  at  first 
had  only  one  neighbor  within  a  radius  of 
eight  miles.  About  the  year  1835  they 
moved  to  Jefferson  county,  and  in  1836 
again  located  in  St.  Lawrence  county. 
About  the  year  1838  Nathaniel  Tucker 
took  a  prospective  trip  west,  and  traded 
his  fifty  acres  in  New  York  for  eighty  acres 
in  Sandusky  county,  Ohio,  whither  the 
family  moved  in  June,  1839,  proceedingto 
Sackett's  Harbor,  where  they  took  boat 
for  Buffalo,  thence  to  Cleveland,  thence 
to  Portland  (now  Sandusky  City),  and 
thence  across  the  country  to  their  destina- 
tion near  the  mouth  of  ^iuskalonge  creek, 
about  five  miles  north  of  Lower  Sandusky, 
now  Fremont.  They  made  the  trip  of 
600  miles  in  seven  days.  Their  money 
had  dwindled  down  to  $27  in  specie,  which 
Mr.  Tucker  now  paid  out  for  a  cow  and  a 
barrel  of  flour.  He  found  work  among 
some  neighbors  at  fifty  cents  per  day,  and 
he  once  took  an  eight-days'  job  of  "  grub- 
bing" for  Mr.  Thomas  Holcomb  for  a  pig 
that  weighed  si.xty  pounds.  Being  a 
shoemaker  by  trade,  he  soon  found  work 
among  neighbors  at  cobbling,  or  "whip- 
ping the  cat,"  as  it  was  called.  After 
working  for  Jeremiah  Everett  on  a  farm 
during  the  hot  weather  of  July,  Mr.  Tuck- 
er and  his  son  Nelson  were  taken  ill  with 
bilious  fever,  and  the  rest  of  the  family 
also  took  sick,  one  after  the  other,  with 








the  same  malady,  until  there  was  not  one 
left  well  enough  to  hand  the  rest  a  drink 
of  water.  Kind  neighbors,  however,  came 
to  look  after  them  until  those  who  were 
first  sick  began  to  recover.  Their  first 
family  doctors  were  L.  O.  Rawson  and  P. 
Beaugrand.  By  patient  endurance  of  pri- 
vations, self-denying  sacrifices,  untiring 
industry,  and  prudent  management  this 
pioneer  family  gradually  improved  their 
condition  and  rose  to  competence. 

Nathaniel  Tucker  was  a  lithe,  active 
man,  of  medium  height,  with  blue  eyes 
and  a  light  complexion.  He  was  of  a 
social  disposition,  and  in  his  younger  days 
was  an  expert  dancer.  He  and  his  wife 
became  members  of  the  M.  E.  Church  in 
New  York  State,  and  after  settling  in 
Sandusky  county  united  with  the  Church 
of  the  United  Brethren  in  Christ  at  a  re- 
vival meeting  held  by  Rev.  M.  Long,  in 
their  neighborhood,  in  1840.  Religious 
services  were  held  for  many  years  in  the 
Tucker  schoolhouse,  which  was  built  on 
the  Tucker  farm.  Mr.  Tucker  died  at 
the  home  of  his  son.  Nelson  R.  Tucker, 
July  15,  1884,  at  the  age  of  eighty-seven 
years,  eight  months,  seventeen  days,  and 
was  buried  in  Brier  Hill  Cemetery,  near 
his  old  farm.  His  venerable  wife  survives 
him  to  cheer  their  grandchildren  by  her 
acts  of  kindness  and  her  stories  of  pioneer 
experiences.  She  was  a  member  of  the 
Pioneer  and  Historical  Society  of  San- 
dusky County,  and  at  the  last  picnic  pre- 
vious to  her  death  took  the  annual  "bou- 
quet" given  to  the  oldest  lady  pioneer 
present.  She  passed  away  September  19, 
1892,  at  the  age  of  ninety-one  years,  three 
months,  nineteen  days.  She  was  buried 
beside  her  husband. 

Nelson  R.  Tucker  came  to  Sandusky 
county  at  the  age  of  sixteen,  and  remained 
in  his  father's  family  until  after  he  was 
married.  Among  his  recollections  of  child- 
hood days  is  a  trip  he  once  made,  at  the 
age  of  eight,  to  mill  on  horseback,  five 
miles,  with  a  sack  of  wheat,  returning 
with  the    flour.       On    leaving   home    he 


bought  eighty  acres  of  land  in  Washington 
township,  but  finding  it  too  stony  he  sold 
it  and  bought  in  Sandusky  township  the 
site  of  his  present  home,  where  he  now 
owns  240  acres  of  fertile  land,  which  has 
been  extensively  tiled.  He  follows  gen- 
eral farming  and  takes  pride  in  raising  the 
best  crops  of  grain  and  grass,  and  the 
most  profitable  breeds  of  live  stock. 
During  the  war  of  the  Rebellion  Mr. 
Tucker  was  a  decided  Union  man.  In 
his  earlier  years  he  was  a  Democrat  until 
the  repeal  of  the  Missouri  Compromise, 
when  he  joined  the  Republican  party; 
subsequently  he  became  a  Greenbacker, 
and  more  recently  has  cast  his  influence 
with  the  Peoples  party.  He  was  the  first 
organizer  of  the  Farmers  Alliance  in  San- 
dusky county,  where  he  organized  thir- 
teen lodges,  and  he  served  as  their  lec- 
turer. He  is  now  one  of  the  leading 
members  of  the  Patrons  of  Industry  of 
Sandusky  county,  and  in  all  things  that 
pertain  to  the  advancement  and  progress 
of  his  neighborhood  Mr.  Tucker  has  ever 
been  in  the  front  rank.  He  has  been  in 
advance  of  his  time,  but  on  account  of 
his  enterprise  and  push  he  has  succeeded 
in  bringing  the  community  to  his  stand- 
ard. Through  his  efforts  was  brought 
about  the  construction  of  the  Oak  Harbor 
and  Fremont  pike,  which  was  opposed  at 
first  and  is  now  admired. 

On  March  16,  1843,  Nelson  R. 
Tucker  married  Miranda  Burgoon,  daugh- 
ter of  Peter  Burgoon,  one  of  the  pio- 
neers of  Sandusky  county.  Their  chil- 
dren were:  Adelia  M.,  born  July  9, 
1844,  and  died  in  infancy;  Barrette,  born 
October  26,  1845,  and  died  when  eleven 
months  old;  Martha  Ann,  born  January 
17,1 848,  is  unmarried,  and  lives  on  the  old 
farm;  Mary  E.,  born  November  26,  1851, 
married  John  C.  Parish,  now  deceased, 
and  had  four  children — Perry,  Fos- 
ter C,  Boswell  E.,  and  Gouldie  L. ; 
Rachel  T.,  born  November  20,  1853, 
who  married  Peter  Klinhaunce,  and  had 
children  as  follows — Nelson,  Sadie,  Rod- 



ney  and  Bessie;  Hattie,  born  January  14, 
1855,  who  married  Charles  Baker,  and 
has  one  child — Glenn;  Nellie  Ida,  born 
November  24,  1857,  who  married  R.  R. 
Strubble,  and  has  one  child — Carl;  Julia, 
born  December  24,  1859,  who  married 
D.  B.  Hartmann,  and  their  children  are 
— Ralph,  Rollo,  Roswell,  Roscoe  and 
Mabel;  Charles  C,  born  March  7,  1861, 
who  married  Minnie  E.  Nowlan,  Decem- 
ber 6,  1883,  and  has  had  four  children — 
Harry  Lee,  Elmer  R. ,  Mae  E. ,  and  Ada; 
Lillie  v.,  born  January  14,  1865,  who 
was  married  April  18,  1889,  to  G.  W. 
Strang,  and  has  two  children — Ray  and 
Paul;  John  P.,  born  January  16,  1867, 
who  married  Fannie  Hartman,  and  lives 
on  the  farm.  Mr.  Tucker  was  educated 
in  the  district  school;  he  is  a  man  of  fine 
appearance  and  large  physique,  and  an 
ardent  member  of  the  Peoples  party. 
The  mother  of  this  large  family  passed 
to  the  home  beyond  F"ebruary  3,  1895. 
Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Tucker  were  noted 
for  their  generosity,  kindness  and  charity. 
They  took  great  pleasure  in  lending  a 
helping  hand  to  everybody,  and  especially 
to  people  in  times  of  need.  They  suc- 
ceeded in  instilling  good  principles  in 
their  children.  And  as  they  pass  from 
this  life  the  community  where  they  have 
lived  realizes  that  they  have  been  bet- 
tered by  their  having  lived  in  it. 

SAMUEL   FOSTER,    one    of    the 
progressive   and    prosperous   agri- 
culturists of  Washington  township, 
Sandusky  county,    is   a  native  of 
same,    born   in    the  village  of    Hessville, 
February    16,    1838,    a  son  of  John  and 
Susan  (Runkle)  Foster. 

The  parents  of  our  subject,  well-to-do 
farming  people,  were  both  born  in  Perry 
county,  Ohio,  to  which  State  the  paternal 
ancestry  came  from  Pennsylvania,  and 
the  maternal  from  the  State  of  Virginia. 
In  Washington  township,  Sandusky  coun- 
ty,  John   Foster,    father  of  Samuel,  pur- 

chased of  the  government  160  acres  of 
timber  land,  and  removed  thither  in  1832. 
This  property  he  set  to  work  to  clear  and 
improve,  in  course  of  time  developing  a 
fine  farm.  Here  our  subject's  mother  died 
in  January,  1S55,  the  father  subsequently 
marrying  Mrs.  Catherine  (Overmeyer) 
Foster,  widow  of  his  brother.  John  Fos- 
ter was  called  from  earth  January  30, 
1889,  at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty-one 
years,  a  Democrat  in  politics,  and  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Lutheran  Church.  He  was 
one  of  seven  children,  all  of  whom  are 
now  deceased.  His  second  wife  died 
September  30,  1888. 

Samuel  Foster,  whose  name  intro- 
duces this  sketch,  is  one  of  si.\  children: 
Christian,  a  farmer  of  Wood  county, 
Ohio;  Samuel;  Noah,  a  farmer  of  Wash- 
ington township,  Sandusky  county;  Em- 
anuel, now  a  resident  of  East  Toledo, 
Ohio;  Lucinda  (Mrs.  Charles  Dodd),  de- 
ceased; and  Sophia  (deceased).  Our 
subject  remained  at  home  up  to  the  age 
of  twenty-one  years,  being  the  mainstay 
of  his  father,  and  as  a  consequence  his 
education  was  somewhat  limited.  On 
leaving  home  he  first  found  employment 
for  eight  months  on  the  farm  of  J.  B. 
Mugg,  in  Townsend  township,  Sandusky 
county,  then  returning  to  the  parental 
roof  remained  there  during  the  winter 
months.  In  the  following  spring  he  moved 
to  Van  Wert  county,  this  State,  where  he 
was  employed  some  ten  months,  after 
which  he  again  returned  to  Sandusky 
county  and  worked  for  his  wife's  parents 
(for  he  had  in  the  meantime  married)  on 
their  farm.  For  two  years  he  farmed  320 
acres  of  land  on  shares,  and  then  bought 
eighty  acres  in  Freedom  township,  Wood 
county,  on  which  he  resided  some  six 
months,  at  the  end  of  that  time  purchas- 
ing the  eighty-four  acres  in  Washington 
township  whereon  he  now  has  his  home, 
having  built  a  comfortable  residence,  be- 
sides commodious  barns  and  outhouses. 

On  August  8,  1 86 1,  Mr.  Foster  was 
married  to  Miss  Mary  Humberger,  daugh- 



ter  of  Benjamin  and  Mary  (Zartman) 
Humberger,  and  nine  children  were  the 
result  of  this  union,  a  brief  record  of  them 
being  as  follows:  Franklin  A.,  born  July 
5,  1862,  is  now  a  farmer  of  Jackson  town- 
ship, Sandusky  count}';  William  H.,  born 
December  2,  1863,  is  a  farmer  near  Four- 
Mile  house,  Sandusky  county;  Calista, 
born  January  28,  1866,  married  Edward 
Snavley,  of  Jackson  township,  Sandusky 
county;  Orpha  A.,  born  Februarj' 8,  1868, 
married  H.  D.  Jenning,  a  farmer  in 
Michigan;  Elmer,  born  March  20,  1870, 
is  a  farmer  in  Scott  township,  Sandusky 
county;  Wilmer,  born  March  20,  1870, 
is  now  in  the  oil  business  in  Madison 
township,  Sandusky  count}';  Adelbert, 
born  November  16,  1874,  is  in  Madison 
township,  in  the  oil  business;  Grace,  born 
March  i,  1877,  died  July  27,  1887; 
Allen  |.,  born  Decembers,  1881,  lives  at 
home.  Mr.  F"oster  in  politics  is  a  Demo- 
crat, is  a  member  of  the  school  board, 
and  also  serves  as  road  superintendent; 
he  is  identified  with  the  Reformed  Church, 
and  is  a  good,  substantial,  well-known 
and  honored  citizen  of  the  township  in 
which  he  lives. 

HENRY  HUGHES.  Among  the 
\oung  men  of  Fremont  who  have 
worked  their  own  way  in  the 
world,  and  by  manliness,  honesty 
and  pluck  achieved  success,  our  subject 
takes  an  honorable  place.  He  was  born 
in  Scott  township,  Sandusky  county,  De- 
cember 16,  1866,  son  of  Michael  and 
Catharine  (Conolly)  Hughes. 

Michael  Hughes  was  a  native  of  Coun- 
ty Tyrone,  Ireland,  and  came  to  America 
when  eighteen  years  of  age.  He  stopped 
in  Philadelphia  one  summer,  and  then 
coming  west  located  on  a  farm  in  Scott 
township,  Sandusky  Co.,  Ohio,  in  which 
township  he  still  resides;  he  is  now  fifty 
years  of  age.  His  wife  died  April  2,  1892. 
They  had  ten  children,  two  of  whom  died 
in  childhood;  the  living  are:     Henry  (our 

subject),  Mary,  Ellen,  Sarah,  Lillie  May, 
Michael,  William  and  George.  Mr. 
Hughes  is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Cath- 
olic Church,  and  in  politics  he  is  a  Demo- 

Henry  Hughes  grew  to  manhood  on  a 
farm  in  Scott  township,  in  the  region  of 
the  Black  Swamp,  where  he  attended 
country  schools  until  such  time  as  he  suc- 
ceeded in  perfecting  himself  so  as  to  be 
able  to  secure  a  certificate  for  teaching. 
This  he  obtained  in  1883,  and  at  the  age 
of  seventeen  taught  the  summer  term 
of  the  Millersville  school,  and  for  six  con- 
secutive winter  terms  thereafter  he  was 
engaged  for  the  same  school.  In  the 
spring  of  1888,  at  the  age  of  twenty-one, 
he  was  elected  assessor  of  Scott  town- 
ship, and  was  re-elected  the  following 
spring.  In  the  fall  of  1888  he  began  the 
study  of  a  special  course  of  surveying  and 
civil  engineering,  at  the  Ohio  Normal 
University,  Ada,  Ohio,  graduating  with 
honor.  He  located  in  Fremont  in  1890, 
and  has  since  remained  here,  engaging  in 
surveying  and  civil  engineering  in  San- 
dusky and  adjoining  counties. 

On  January  2,  1894,  Mr.  Hughes  was 
married  to  jNIiss  Mamie  Ouilter,  an  esti- 
mable and  accomplished  lady,  who  was 
born  in  Fremont,  Ohio,  daughter  of  Tim- 
othy M.  and  Mary  (Reardon)  Ouilter,  na- 
tives of  Ireland.  Her  father  is  a  retired 
grocer  of  Fremont,  Ohio.  A  son,  Henry 
Melvin  Hughes,  has  blessed  the  union  of 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hughes,  born  January  25, 
1895.  ^ff"-  Hughes  was  elected  surveyor 
of  Sandusky  county  in  the  fall  of  1894, 
and  in  the  spring  of  1895  was  chosen  city 
civil  engineer  of  the  city  of  Fremont. 

spent  his  entire  life  in  the  locality 
which  is  still  his   home,  Washing- 
ton township,    Sandusky    county, 
having  been  born  there  October  19,  1840. 
He   is   a  son  of  Benjamin   and  Mary 
(Zartman)  Humberger,   who  were  reared 



in  Perry  count}',  Ohio.  The  paternal 
grandparents  were  residents  of  Lancaster 
county,  Penn.,  and  the  maternal  grand- 
parents also  lived  in  the  Keystone  State. 
The  respective  families  came  to  Ohio 
when  the  Indians  were  more  numerous 
than  the  white  settlers,  and  were  honored 
pioneers,  actively  identified  with  the  up- 
building and  development  of  the  com- 
munity in  which  they  located.  The  father 
of  our  subject  was  born  April  22,  1809, 
son  of  Peter  and  Mary  (Snyder)  Humber- 
ger,  and  the  mother  was  born  February 
19,  1 81 3,  daughter  of  Jonathan  and  Bar- 
bara (Anspaugh)  Zartman.  Their  mar- 
riage was  celebrated  in  Perry  county, 
Ohio,  and  in  1834  they  took  up  their  res- 
idence in  Washington  township,  Sandusky 
county,  where  the  father  entered  160 
acres  of  wild  government  land,  the  deed 
for  which,  signed  by  Andrew  Jackson,  then 
President  of  the  United  States,  is  still  in 
the  possession  of  our  subject.  This  is 
the  old  homestead  which  is  still  owned  by 
Solomon  Humberger,  and  which  the  fa- 
ther made  his  place  of  residence  until  his 
death,  February  25,  1864.  His  wife  sur- 
vived him  a  little  over  one  year,  passing 
away  July  26,  1865.  The  family  of  this 
worthy  couple  numbered  ten  children,  as 
follows:  Melinda,  widow  of  David  Hen- 
dricks, resides  in  Missouri,  and  has  ten 
children;  Margaret  died  at  the  age  of  four- 
teen years;  Levina  is  the  wife  of  Barn- 
hart  Faust,  of  Michigan,  and  has  ten  chil- 
dren; Mary  is  the  wife  of  Samuel  Foster, 
a  resident  farmer  of  Washingon  township 
(Mrs.  Foster  having  part  of  the  old  home- 
stead), and  has  nine  children;  Lucinda 
became  the  wife  of  E.  F.  Whitney,  and 
died  leaving  four  children:  Samuel,  Isa- 
bella, Elizabeth  and  Barbara,  all  of  whom 
died  in  childhood;  Solomon  is  the  subject 
proper  of  these  lines. 

Solomon  Humberger  has  passed  all 
his  life  on  the  homestead,  with  the  ex- 
ception of  about  eight  weeks,  when  away 
on  a  visit.  He  early  became  familiar 
with  farm  work  in  its  various  departments. 

and  is  now  a  thorough-going  agriculturist, 
successfully  managing  his  business  inter- 
ests and  having  thereby  secured  a  com- 
fortable competence.  Upon  his  father's 
death  he  bought  out  the  interests  of  the 
other  heirs  in  the  old  home  place,  and  is 
now  sole  owner;  in  1890  he  erected  his 
present  commodious  and  substantial  resi- 
dence. In  the  same  year  he  leased  his 
land  to  the  Standard  Oil  Company,  and 
they  have  sunk  six  wells,  each  of  which 
produces  at  present  twelve  barrels  of  oil 

On  March  22,  1866,  Mr.  Humberger 
wedded  Miss  Hetty  A.  Burkett,  daughter 
of  Leonard  and  Fannie  (Cotzmeyer)  Bur- 
kett. Nine  children  blessed  this  union: 
David,  born  January  6,  1867,  who  resides 
in  Lindsey;  Cora  Ellen,  born  February 
8,  1868,  wife  of  Samuel  Kretzer,  who  is 
in  the  oil  business  in  Washington  town- 
ship, Sandusky  count}';  Ira,  born  June  14, 
1870;  Orva  Allen,  born  October  17, 
1873;  William  F. ,  born  October  26,  1874; 
Rosa,  born  July  31,  1876,  wife  of  Charles 
Waggner;  Benjamin  L. ,  born  July  18, 
1879;  George  W. ,  born  September  13, 
1880,  and  Cornelia  L. ,  born  July  26, 
1884.  Since  attaining  his  majority  Mr. 
Humberger  has  been  identified  with  the 
Democratic  party,  and  has  been  honored 
with  several  local  offices,  having  served 
as  school  director  and  road  supervisor, 
and  for  nine  years  filled  the  position  of 
trustee,  his  long-continued  service  well 
indicating  his  fidelity  to  duty  and  the 
confidence  reposed  in  him — a  confidence 
that  has  never  been  betrayed. 

DOMINICK  SMITH  is  a  worthy 
representative  agriculturist  of  San- 
dusky county,  and  at  the  same 
time  a  representative  of  its  early 
pioneers.  He  was  born  in  Wittenberg, 
Germany,  July  10,  1830,  son  of  Bern- 
hardt and  Theresa  (Krimm)  Smith,  and 
there  received  a  liberal  education  in  the 
German  language. 



In  1854  Mr.  Smith  came  to  America, 
and  wending  his  way  to  what  is  now  Fre- 
mont, Sandusky  Co. ,  Ohio,  arrived  there 
about  the  time  of  the  construction  of  the 
Lake  Erie  &  Western  railroad.  It  was 
in  the  construction  of  this  railway  that 
Mr.  Smith  did  his  first  day's  work  in  Ohio, 
arranging  with  the  contractor  for  perma- 
nent employment.  At  the  end  of  the  first 
month  of  Mr.  Smith's  hard  labor  in  this 
capacity  the  contractorhad  left  the  county, 
and  our  subject,  as  well  as  the  other  la- 
borers, received  no  remuneration.  Pen- 
niless and  in  debt  for  his  board,  Mr. 
Smith  made  his  way  to  the  neighborhood 
in  which  he  now  resides,  and  engaged  to 
work  for  a  Mr.  John  Rearick  during  the 
winter  for  his  board.  In  the  spring  work 
opened  on  the  old  jail  at  Fremont  and  also 
in  the  stone  quarry,  and  here  our  subject 
found  employment  and  learned  the  trade 
of  stone-cutting,  which  he  followed  for 
about  ten  years. 

During  this  time  Mr.  Smith  had  be- 
come a  warm  friend  of  the  Rearick  fam- 
ily, especially  the  daughter,  Barbara,  with 
whom  he  was  united  in  marriage  June  10, 
1857.  Mr.  Smith  and  his  estimable  wife, 
by  hard  labor  and  economy,  secured  a 
fine  home  in  Sandusky  township,  four 
miles  west  of  Fremont,  where  Mrs.  Smith 
departed  this  life  on  December  20,  1891, 
aged  sixty-six  years,  five  months  and  ten 
days.  She  was  an  affectionate  wife,  a 
kind  and  loving  mother,  and  a  lady  highly 
esteemed  in  the  community.  To  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Smith  came  two  sons,  of  whom 
Charles  L.,  born  November  22,  1859, 
was  married  December  25,  1888,  to  Miss 
Emma  Hiett,  and  is  now  on  the  old  home- 
stead, caring  for  his  father  in  his  declin- 
ing years.  He  is  a  highly  respected  citi- 
zen and  one  of  the  progressive  agricultur- 
ists of  his  time.  He  has  one  child,  a 
son,  Ralph  W.  John  Smith,  born  April 
3,  1 86 1,  received  his  early  literary  train- 
ing in  the  Fremont  High  School  under 
Prof.  W.  W.  Ross,  and  completed  his 
education  at   Kenyon   College,   of  which 

institution  he  is  a  graduate.  Since  fin- 
ishing his  college  course  Mr.  Smith  has 
been  engaged  in  the  teacher's  profession, 
in  which  he  is  eminently  successful.  For 
nearly  three  years  he  was  principal  of  the 
high  school  of  Napoleon,  Ohio,  and  for 
the  past  six  or  seven  years  has  held  a 
similar  position  at  Findlay,  Ohio.  Prof. 
Smith  is  also  clerk  of  the  board  of  exam- 
iners at  Findlay,  in  which  capacity  he  is 
making  his  natural  adaptability  to  his 
profession  felt  in  the  furtherance  of  mod- 
ern educational  ideas.  On  September  2, 
1886,  he  was  married  to  Miss  Addie 
Miller,  and  to  their  union  has  been  born 
one  son,  Walter. 

Bernhardt  Smith,  the  father  of  our 
subject,  was  born  in  Germany  in  1801, 
was  a  farmer  by  occupation  and  for  four 
years  an  officer  in  the  German  army.  He 
married  Theresa  Krimm,  also  a  native  of 
Germany,  and  to  them  were  born  the  fol- 
lowing named  children:  Dominick,  Amos, 
John,  Bernhardt,  Philip,  Francis,  Sardis, 
Theresa,  Amelia,  and  Edith.  Dominick 
Smith  is  a  Republican  in  politics,  is  an 
active  member  of  the  M.  E.  Church,  as 
was  also  his  wife,  and  the  entire  family  are 
noted  in  the  neighborhood  in  which  they 
.live  for  intellectuality  and  respectability. 
Mr.  Smith  came  to  America  penniless, 
but  by  honest  industry  and  strict  integrity 
he  has  accumulated  a  nice  property  and 
gained  the  confidence  of  all  who  know 
him.  His  success  is  meritorious,  and  in 
language  stronger  than  pen  can  express 
shows  the  true  make-up  of  the  man. 

JOHN  DYMOND,  who,  as  a  soldier 
on  the  Union  side  in  the  war  of  the 
Rebellion,  was  one  of  the  "boys  of 
'61,"  is  well  and  favorably  known  in 
Green  Creek  and  other  neighboring  town- 
ships, as  well  as  in  York  township,  San- 
dusky count}',  which  is  at  present  his 
home.  He  is  a  son  of  William  Dymond, 
and  was  born  in  Devonshire,  England, 
December  25,  1842. 



William  Dymond  was  born  in  Devon- 
shire, England,  in  1807.  He  worked  at 
his  trade,  which  was  that  of  a  mason, 
both  before  and  after  coming  to  America. 
In  185 1  he  crossed  the  stormy  Atlantic 
and  cast  his  fortunes  in  this  "land  of  the 
free,"  which  his  son  John  showed  by  his 
courageous  deeds  a  few  years  later  is  the 
"home  of  the  brave."  He  first  located 
at  Bellevue,  Huron  county,  his  family 
coming  one  year  later.  Being  of  a  roving 
disposition,  he  went  to  Illinois  in  1854, 
locating  in  Rockford,  where  he  remained 
but  one  year,  returning  to  Bellevue,  pre- 
ferring to  live  among  the  peaceful  settlers 
of  Ohio  rather  than  in  the  crude  Western 
society  of  nearly  forty  years  ago. 

In  his  boyhood  John  Dymond  received 
a  common-school  education,  and  he  was 
but  little  past  nineteen  when,  on  August 
16,  1 86 1 ,  he  enlisted  in  Company  F,  Forty- 
ninth  O.  v.  I.  After  serving  for  thirteen 
months,  during  which  time  he  was  in  the 
battles  of  Munfordville,  December  17, 
1 861,  and  Shiloh,  April  7,  1862,  at  which 
latter  place  half  of  his  knife  was  shot  out 
of  his  pocket.  He  was  discharged  for  dis- 
abilit}-,  and  on  recovering  his  health  he 
re-enlisted,  August  17,  1863,  in  Company 
B,  First  Ohio  Volunteer  Heavy  Artillery. 
He  served  until  the  close  of  the  war,  and 
was  mustered  out  July  25,  1865.  In  the 
fall  of  1867  John  Dymond  was  united  in 
marriage  with  Miss  Sarah  Cupp,  who  was 
born  in  York  township  January  31,  1849, 
and  they  had  six  children,  four  of  whom 
are  now  living,  namely:  William  E.,  an 
employe  of  the  Nickel  Plate  road  at  Colby, 
Sandusky  county;  John  V.,  who  is  at 
home;  Ada  M.,  wife  of  Frank  Tea,  of 
York  township;  and  Essy  M.,  at  present 
living  with  her  grandparents  in  Kansas. 
After  his  marriage  Mr.  Dymond  farmed 
in  York  township  for  severel  years,  and 
then  in  February,  1878,  moved  to  Kansas, 
where  the  death  of  Mrs.  Dymond  occurred 
in  September  of  that  year.  Later  the  be- 
reaved family  returned  to  Ohio. 

On  May  4,  1880,  John  Dymond  was 

again  married,  this  time  to  Mrs.  Sophia 
Douglas,  and  they  have  had  four  children, 
as  follows:  Edward  C,  born  April  26, 
i88[;  Louis  H.,  August  30,  1882;  Ezra 
E.,  June  27,  1884,  and  Mary  E.,  Feb- 
ruary 23,  1888.  Mrs.  Dymond  is  a 
daughter  of  Daniel  and  Ruth  Jones,  and 
was  born  August  16,  1847,  her  maiden 
name  being  Sophia  Jones.  Mr.  Jones  is 
now  eighty-two  years  old,  and  is  living 
with  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Jones  being  dead. 
Sophia  Jones  was  united  in  marriage  with 
^^'illiam  Douglas  on  March  28,  1867,  and 
their  children  were:  EmmaT.,  wife  of 
William  Lawrey,  of  Green  Creek  town- 
ship; Lottie  R. ,  wife  of  William  Spitler, 
of  Tiffin,  Seneca  county;  and  Alvin  and 
Celia  at  home.  Mr.  Douglas  died  Jan- 
uary 2,  1877,  and  in  1880  his  widow  mar- 
ried  Mr.  Dymond. 

Mr.  Dymond  cast  his  first  vote  for 
Lincoln,  then  he  embraced  Democratic 
principles,  and  for  years  cast  his  ballot 
for  the  candidates  he  preferred,